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Guide to the Forest Grunigen Files on the California Osteopathic Association
AS-083  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Important Information for Researchers
  • Historical Background
  • Collection Scope and Content Summary
  • Collection Arrangement
  • Related Collections
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Forest Grunigen files on the California Osteopathic Association
    Date: 1901-1990,
    Date (bulk): bulk 1941-1963
    Collection Number: AS-083
    Creator: Grunigen, Forest, 1905-1999
    Extent: 3.7 linear feet (5 boxes)
    Languages: The collection is in English.
    Repository: University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.
    Irvine, California 92623-9557
    Abstract: This collection comprises files on the California Osteopathic Association (COA) that were accumulated by Forest Grunigen, a California osteopath who was an active member of the organization and served as its president in the 1940s. Materials include correspondence, meeting minutes, photographs, news clippings and reports. The bulk of the material covers the COA/California Medical Association (CMA) merger, in which Grunigen was a key figure. Also in the collection are the files of Dain Tasker, who served as the Historian of COA in the 1950s. His files include an unpublished manuscript of his history of the osteopathic profession in California.

    Important Information for Researchers

    Access

    The collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights and copyright reside with the University of California. For permissions to reproduce or to publish, please contact the University Archivist.

    Preferred Citation

    Forest Grunigen files on the California Osteopathic Association. AS-083. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. Date accessed.
    For the benefit of current and future researchers, please cite any additional information about sources consulted in this collection, including permanent URLs, item or folder descriptions, and box/folder locations.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of Forest and Dolores Grunigen, 1995.

    Processing History

    Processed by Anne Mar, 2004.

    Historical Background

    Forest Grunigen served as president of the California Osteopathic Association (COA) in 1943 and played a leading role in establishing the medical school at UC Irvine. COA was established in 1900 as an affiliate of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and, along with the College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons (COPS), was a figurehead of the osteopathic tradition in California.
    Osteopathy, from the Greek osteon (bone) and pathos (to suffer), was coined by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still who, in the late 1800s, sought a more holistic approach to curing disease than the traditional medicine that he and his fellow medical doctors were practicing. He believed that disease interrupted the flow of blood and nervous impulses but, through manipulation of the bones, one can restore that flow and, thus, restore health to the patient.
    This non-traditional approach to curing illness was suspect to many in the medical community. Osteopathy struggled to gain credibility. In 1922 California passed State Measure 22, the Osteopathic Initiative Act. It established a board that had jurisdiction over examination and licensure of Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.) and legally recognized it as a distinct medical profession.
    In the mid-1940s, the COA, led by Forest Grunigen and the COA's Fact Finding Committee, began talks to merge with the California Medical Association (CMA), led by Wayne Pollack and CMA's Committee on Other Professions. The terms of the merger included granting D.O.s M.D. degrees, elimination of the osteopathic licensing boards, and conversion of the College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons into a medical school.
    In 1960, the AOA revoked COA's charter when it defied AOA's request to cease merger talks. This action left California without a licensing board. A splinter group of osteopaths who opposed exchanging their D.O.s for M.D.s, formed in 1960, naming themselves the Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons of California (OPSC). In 1961, an agreement between the CMA and COA was reached. The OPSC filed suit alleging that the merger was a conspiracy to destroy the osteopathic profession in California. Two more suits followed, later in 1961 and in 1962, but in all cases, the court found in favor of the defendants.
    In the midst of all these events, Dain Tasker, historian of the COA, was working on his history of the profession in California. Tasker had long been involved in osteopathic professional activities in California, having been the president of the first board of osteopathic examiners in 1901. This gave him a unique perspective into the topic. The manuscript was never published but there are extant copies, one of which is included in this collection, another of which is included in AS-027 (California College of Medicine records).
    COPS, now renamed the California College of Medicine (CCM), became part of the University of California system in 1963. Forest Grunigen, who was so instrumental in the COA/CMA merger, and Warren Bostick, the new dean of CCM, recognized that CCM would be better served if it were associated with on of the UC campuses. On April 5, 1967, CCM officially became a part of the University of California, Irvine.

    Biography/Organization History

    Chronology

    1900 California Osteopathic Association established
    1940 Negotiations between California Osteopathic Association (COA) and California Medical Association (CMA) begin
    1943 Forest Grunigen elected president of the COA
    1943 Grunigen appoints Fact Finding Committee to lead merger talks with CMA
    1952 Cline Committee report completed
    1960 Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons of California (OPSC) is formed in opposition to the merger
    1961 COA/CMA merger is successful
    1963 California College of Medicine joins the UC system
    1968 CCM relocated to UC Irvine campus
    1999 Forest Grunigen dies

    Collection Scope and Content Summary

    This collection comprises Forest Grunigen's files on the California Osteopathic Association of which he was an active member and served as president in the 1940s. Materials include correspondence, meeting minutes, photographs, news clippings and reports. The bulk of the material covers the COA/CMA merger of which Grunigen was a key figure. Also in the collection are the files of Dain Tasker who served as the Historian of COA in the 1950s. His files include his unpublished manuscript of the history of the osteopathic profession in California.

    Collection Arrangement

    This collection is arranged in five series.
    • Series 1. California Osteopathic Associaiton/California Medical Association merger, 1941-1962. 1.0 linear feet
    • Series 2. California Osteopathic Association, Board of Trustees meeting materials, 1951-1962. 0.3 linear feet
    • Series 3. Dain Tasker writings, correspondence and other materials, 1950s. 0.4 linear feet
    • Series 4. Photographic material, 1901-1989. 1.6 linear feet
    • Series 5. Scrapbooks, 1912-1961. 0.4 linear feet

    Related Collections

    The following related collections can be found in UC Irvine Special Collections and Archives:
    • AS-018, Warren L. Bostick papers
    • AS-027, California College of Medicine records

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Grunigen, Forest, 1905-1999 -- Archives.
    Tasker, Dain L., 1872-1964 -- Archives.
    American Osteopathic Association -- Archives.
    California College of Medicine -- Archives.
    California Medical Association -- Archives.
    California Osteopathic Association -- Archives.
    Forty-First Medical Society -- Archives.
    College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons -- Archives.
    Los Angeles City and County Osteopathic Medical Association -- Archives.
    Los Angeles County General Hospital -- Archives.
    Pacific College of Osteopathy -- Archives.
    University of California, Irvine -- Archives.
    Osteopathic physicians -- California -- Photographs.
    Osteopathic medicine -- California -- Archives.
    Osteopathic medicine -- Education -- Archives.
    Osteopathic medicine -- Study and teaching -- California -- Archives.

    Occupations

    Osteopathic physicians.
    Medical teaching personnel.

    Contributors

    Tasker, Dain L., 1872-1964.
    American Osteopathic Association.
    California Medical Association.
    California Medical Association. Committee on Other Professions.
    California Osteopathic Association.
    California Osteopathic Association. Fact Finding Committee.
    College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons.
    Forty-First Medical Society.