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Finding aid of the Crabb Expedition Papers C058819
C058819  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Existence and Location of Originals note
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Donor

  • Title: Crabb Expedition Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: C058819
    Contributing Institution: Society of California Pioneers
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 1.0 folder (3 letters, 3 items)
    Date (inclusive): 1856-1857
    Abstract: This folder contains three letters written by H. Hine to his brother C.B. Phelps in Stockton, CA: the first sent from “Sonorita”, probably near Caborca, Sonora, Mexico), and the remaining two sent from the What Cheer House in San Francisco. There are also three duplicates of newspapers from 1857 reporting on the massacre.
    creator: Crabb, Henry Alexander, 1822?-1857

    Conditions Governing Access note

    Collection open for research.

    Conditions Governing Use note

    There are no restrictions on access.

    Preferred Citation note

    Crabb Expedition Papers. The Society of California Pioneers.

    Existence and Location of Originals note

    The Society of California Pioneers, 300 Fourth Street, San Francisco, CA, 94107

    Scope and Contents note

    This folder contains three letters written by H. Hine to his brother C.B. Phelps in Stockton, CA: the first sent from “Sonorita”, probably near Caborca, Sonora, Mexico), and the remaining two sent from the What Cheer House in San Francisco. There are also three duplicates of newspapers from 1857 reporting on the Massacre of Filibusters.

    Biographical/Historical note

    Born in sometime between 1822-1824 in Nashville, TN, and became a prominent member of the Whig party. He married Filomena Ainsa. Crabb left San Francisco, CA for Caborca, Sonora, Mexico in early 1857 with an expedition party intent on filibustering. Their goal was to inspire a revolt which would establish the Republic of Sonora which would ultimately join the US. Over eight days, twenty-five Americans were killed, with even more on the Mexican side. On the last day the Americans failed to blow up the chuch and the expedition was captured. They were executed by firing squad on April 7, 1857. After being shot with more than 100 bullets, he was decapitated and his head preserved in mezcal. His men’s bodies were left to be eaten by animals. Mexican troops crossed into US territory and executed four more Americans a few days later, brining about an end to the practice of filibustering in Mexico. Of the 84 men who led the raid, two survived: Crabb’s brother-in-law Jesus Ainsa and 16 year old Charles Edward Evans.

    Donor

    Donor and date of acquisition unknown.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Hine, H.
    Phelps, C. B.
    Correspondence.
    Filibusters--Mexico--Sonora (State)
    San Francisco (Calif.) - Newspapers
    Sonora (Mexico : State)