Scope and Content
Collection name: Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave,
Date (inclusive): 1863
Collection number: BANC PIC 1905.16894- -A
44 prints, 14 x 11 cm. or smaller (3 prints
Photographer: D'Heureuse, R. (Rudolph)
The Bancroft Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
The Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave prints were
transferred from the William H. Brewer Fieldbooks (BANC MSS C-B 313-328), which were a
gift of Francis P. Farquhar.
Original prints are restricted. Use viewing prints only. Use of original photographs only
by permission of the appropriate curator.
Digital Representations Available
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to
publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Pictorial Collections.
Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the
physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright
holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials.
Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.
[Identification of item]
Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon
and Fort Mojave, 1863,
BANC PIC 1905.16894--A, The Bancroft
Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Scope and Content
The Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave collection contains 41 photographic prints taken
by Rudolph D'Heureuse in 1863. Pictured in the collection is the Mojave Desert region from the San Bernardino Valley and Cajon
Pass eastward to the Colorado River and Fort Mojave of Arizona. The reason D'Heureuse photographed this section of the "Mojave
Road" and the adjacent region is unclear. It is most likely that he was surveying the area in association with either the
Macedonia Mining District or the California State Geological Survey. D'Heureuse's work is considered to be the earliest extant
body of survey photographs of this region.
The emphasis of the photographs is the geological and botanical features of the area. Many valleys, hills, mountains, plains,
and canyons, as well as cacti, yucca and other plants of the region are pictured.
Locations featured in the collection include the Cajon Pass, the Mojave River, the Colorado River, Fort Mojave, San Bernardino
Valley, El Dorado Canyon, and the Providence Mountains, as well as more obscure areas such as New San Pedro, Point Rock, Camp
Cady, Warm Soda Springs, Marl Spring, Rock Springs, Lewis Spring, and the Tetchatticup Tunnel.
Also pictured in the collection are surveyors, Mojave (or Piute?) Indians, soldiers and other unidentified persons, as well
as dwellings, camp sites and miscellaneous structures.
In 1869, the photographs in the collection were obtained from D'Heureuse by William Henry Brewer, one of the members of the
California State Geological Survey. Brewer lists the prints, however, in his 1864 fieldbook [William H. Brewer Fieldbooks,
BANC MSS C-B 328], presumably as retrospective notes entered subsequent to receipt of the photographs in June, 1869. The
collection title and container listing appearing in this finding aid were originally transcribed from this fieldbook entry
by Francis P. Farquhar. The photograph numbers correspond to those listed by Brewer, with numbers 1 and 33 lacking, as in
Brewer's original list. Mounted duplicates exist for 3 of the prints.
[Information on D'Heureuse and his photographs from Palmquist, Peter E. and Thomas R. Kailbourn,
Pioneer Photographers of the Far West: A Biographical Dictionary, 1840-1865, Stanford University Press, 2000, with supplementary information from research notes of Germaine Moon, Barstow, CA, 1979, filed
in the curatorial Artist Files of The Bancroft Library.]
Title: William H. Brewer Fieldbooks, 1861-1864,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 313-328