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Finding Aid for the Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home records 0415
0415  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Historical Note
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization

  • Title: Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home records
    Collection number: 0415
    Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 6.2 Linear feet 12 boxes
    Date: 1892-1999
    Abstract: The Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home records consists of correspondence, meeting notes and minutes, photographs, publications and newspaper clippings related to the history and development of the Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home. Apart from the photographs and clippings, the greatest concentrations of material are from 1906-1915, 1947-1955, and the 1990s. The photographic collections span the period between the 1920s and the 1950s, and include many photographs of staff and board members.
    creator: Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home (Los Angeles, Calif.).

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the California Social Welfare Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the appropriate agency or person.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder #], Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home records, Collection no. 0415, California Social Welfare Archives, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

    Acquisition Information

    Steven Schultz, Acting Director, Crittenton Center for Young Women & Infants, 234 E. Avenue 33, Los Angeles, California.

    Historical Note

    The Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home was established in Los Angeles in 1892, as a cooperative effort between Reverend J. W. Ellsworth and Charles Crittenton, an evangelist who was responsible for the establishment of many similar homes throughout the United States. In 1882, Mr. Crittenton's youngest daughter, Florence, died suddenly of scarlet fever. The shock of her death led Crittenton to give up his highly successful pharmaceutical business and begin an evangelical ministry. Crittenton's ministry soon concentrated on the reclamation of prostitutes and other women who had fallen on hard times. Crittenton would travel the country for the next two decades, preaching to large crowds and donating much of the proceeds of this ministry to the establishment of local homes for the care of "fallen women" and their children. Almost immediately, the home--named for his daughter Florence--became refuges for unwed mothers. In 1898, the Florence Crittenton Mission was given a national charter, which allowed for coordinated control of these various homes across the country.
    Crittenton's successor as coordinator of the Mission's efforts was Dr. Kate Waller Barrett, under whose tenure, the Florence Crittenton Homes established the goals and ideology that would characterize the Crittenton Mission throughout the twentieth century.
    Dr. Barrett stressed the value of motherhood as a means for creating social services that were suitable for women. While family planning was embraced, for instance, Barrett was insistent that every effort should be made to persuade unwed mothers to keep their children. The goal of the Florence Crittenton Homes, then, was to make productive citizens and suitable mothers out of young women who had been led to motherhood by irregular life-styles.
    The Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home was established in 1892. At the time, Charles Crittenton was on the West Coast, preaching, and establishing homes in San Francisco and San Jose. Wishing to establish a home in Los Angeles, Reverend J. W. Ellsworth apparently requested Crittenton's aid in raising funds for a home to be built on lands donated by Reverend W. C. Stevens. The Home experienced financial difficulties that culminated in a prolonged intervention by Dr. Barrett, who restructured the organization, creating both a board of directors who handled business affairs and a separate organization to manage the day-to-day operations of the home. The financial turn-around was dramatic enough that the Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home was able to move into a new, $75,000 facility, in 1915. Over the years, the organization of the Florence Crittenton Home has been refined. In 1936, funding and volunteer coordination was greatly enhanced by the creation of "circles," smaller groups--sometimes project-oriented, sometimes associated with other charitable organizations--that provided a sense of structure and direction to volunteer activity. In 1950 the Florence Crittenton Home Association was formed.
    The Home was fortunate to have a series of exceptionally talented administrators. The president of the Home between 1914 and 1929 was Mrs. Henry Hurd, who established the new organization in line with the principles of Dr. Barrett. Mrs. Hurd was succeeded by Mrs. Dora Shaw Heffner, who shepherded the Home through the difficult Depression and World War II years. Mrs. Heffner was greatly aided by Miss Ruth Swalestuen, who was superintendent of the activities of the home for nearly three decades. Shortly after Miss Swalestuen's retirement, Ms. Katheryn Nielsen became superintendent. Ms. Nielsen oversaw the transition of the mission of the Crittenton Center during the difficult 1960s and 1970s.
    During the last third of the twentieth century, the mission of the Crittenton Home began to change somewhat, in response to social changes. As extramarital sexual behavior became less taboo and illegitimacy lost much of its social approbation, the Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home began to focus more on girls and young women who were undergoing social or familial stress for a wide variety of reasons. This change of emphasis is reflected in the later name changes for the Home. In 1969, it became "Florence Crittenton Services," and in 1982 it was renamed "Crittenton Center for Young Women & Infants." Despite these changes, the Center has remained true to the original vision of Charles Crittenton, to restore dignity and a place in society to young women who have no other means of support.

    TIME LINE

    1877 Florence Crittenton born.
    1882 Florence Crittenton dies of scarlet fever.
    1883 Charles Crittenton establishes the Florence Night Mission in New York City.
    1892 August 25 Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home dedicated on Santee Street property donated by Reverend W. C. Stevens.
    1898 National Charter for Florence Crittenton Mission.
    1908-1910 Financial Crisis. Dr. Barrett intervenes.
    1915 April 11 New Florence Crittenton Home dedicated.
    1914-1929 Mrs. Mary M. Hurd, president.
    1929-1946 Mrs. Dora Shaw Refiner, president.
    1932-1959 Miss Ruth Swalestuen, R.N., superintendent.
    1935 Santee Street property sold.
    1936 Support Circles formed.
    1946-1953 Mrs. Charles Thomas, president.
    1950 Florence Crittenton Homes Association formed.
    1953 Charles Fleischman becomes president of the Florence Crittenton Home.
    1960-1976 Katheryn Nielsen, superintendent.
    1969 L. A. Florence Crittenton Home becomes Florence Crittenton Services.
    1982 Florence Crittenton Services becomes Crittenton Center.
    1990 Center opens in-house school for residents.
    1992 One hundredth anniversary celebration.

    Conditions Governing Access

    Advance notice required for access.

    Scope and Content

    The Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home records consists of correspondence, meeting notes and minutes, photographs, publications and newspaper clippings related to the history and development of the Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home. Apart from the photographs and clippings, the greatest concentrations of material are from 1906-1915, 1947-1955, and the 1990s. The photographic collections span the period between the 1920s and the 1950s, and include many photographs of staff and board members.
    The clippings have been maintained sporadically from the 1920s through the present in a series of scrapbooks; after 1966, the source of these clippings is Allen's P.C.B., a clippings service. For the most part, the press releases that generated these clippings are not preserved. Many of the older publications and other items of archival interest were originally pasted into the clippings scrapbooks; these have been removed from the scrapbooks in order to facilitate conservation.

    Organization

    The records are organized into 4 series:
    Series 1. Operations Series 2. Publications Series 3. Personnel Series 4. Clippings

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Crittenton Center for Young Women & Infants. -- Archives
    Los Angeles Florence Crittenton Home (Los Angeles, Calif.). -- Archives
    Clippings
    Correspondence
    Financial records
    Los Angeles (Calif.)--History--Archival resources
    Los Angeles (Calif.)--Social conditions--Archival resources
    Maternity homes--California--Los Angeles--History--Archival resources
    Photographs
    Printed ephemera
    Publications
    Reports
    Social service--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    Social work with teenagers--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    Young women--California--Los Angeles--Charities, protection, etc.--Archival resources