This finding aid described literary and miscellaneous manuscripts related to or composed by Oscar Wilde and his literary circle.
Significant manuscripts include drafts of
Lady Windermere's Fan,
An Ideal Husband, and a chapter of
The Picture of Dorian Gray.
Oscar Wilde was born Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde in Dublin, Ireland, October 16, 1854. He attended Trinity College
and Magdalen College, Oxford, winning the Newdigate prize in 1878 for the poem
Ravenna. He subsequently established himself in London society as a champion of the new Aesthetic movement, advocating "art for art's
sake," and publishing reviews and his
Poems (1881). After being satirized (and made famous) as Bunthorne, the fleshly aesthetic poet in Gilbert and Sullivan's
Patience, he made a year-long lecture tour of the United States, speaking on literature and the decorative arts. After his return
to London, he married Constance Lloyd in 1884; they had two sons, Cyril and Vyvyan Holland. In 1891 he met and began a love
affair with the handsome but temperamental poet, Lord Alfred Douglas.
Copyright has not been assigned to the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote
from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the William
Andrews Clark Memorial Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the
copyright holder, which must also be obtained.