Scope and Content Note
Title: James D. Hutton drawings,
Date (inclusive): 1847-1860
Collection number: HM 63328 (1-16) FAC 1402
Hutton, James D., 1847-1860
The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
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James D. Hutton Drawings, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
The drawings were a gift from the Friends of the Huntington Library, July 24, 1940.
Call Numbers: HM 63328 (1-16) and FAC 1402
James D. Hutton, artist, photographer, topographer, and younger brother of the notable topographical artist William Rich Hutton,
was born in Washington D.C. around 1828. When James' uncle, William Rich, was assigned duty in California as a U.S. Army Paymaster,
both James and his brother William went with him. After traveling through the U. S. South, and Central and South America,
they arrived in San Francisco in April 1847. In July of that year, James was commissioned to survey the pueblo lands of San
Jose. In 1850, he successfully ran for county clerk of San Luis Obispo County and resigned in 1852. He was a member of the
1855 expedition of Lt. R. S. Williamson and Lt. Henry L. Abbott to find a route for a railroad from San Francisco to the Columbia
River. In 1859 he signed on as a topographer for Capt. William Raynolds' exploration of the Yellowstone River Valley. In addition
to his duties as artist and topographer, Hutton also performed the function of the expedition's photographer. The expedition
was completed in October 1860. When the Civil War broke out, Hutton joined the Confederate Army and in August 1861, Hutton
was the chief engineer at White Sulphur Spring, Virginia, under General Henry A. Wise. In September 1864 he saw action at
the Battle of Pilot Knob. After the Civil War, Hutton moved to Mexico where he died in 1868.
Scope and Content Note
Of the sixteen sketches Hutton prepared while with the Raynolds' expedition, five are pencil on paper and measure 7 x 16 cm.,
and ten are pen-and-ink on paper and measure 14 x 22 cm. The drawings include landscape scenes throughout Idaho, Montana,
North Dakota, and Wyoming, including Bear Butte, the Bighorn River, the Little Missouri River, the Powder River, the Teton
Range, the Wind River, and the Yellowstone River Valley. There is one drawing not from the expedition and it is of Cabo Blanco,
Costa Rica. It was probably drawn in 1847, and has on its verso: W R Hutton and a New York City address. Also included is
a photostat of a daguerreotype of James D. Hutton.
Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. W R Hutton 35 Broadway NYC on verso of W Extremity of Cape Blanco from SE and High
Land of S of Cape Blanco.
HM 63328 (1).
Alter, J. Cecil.
University of Oklahoma Press,
Goetzmann, William H.
Army Exploration in the American West, 1803-1863.
Lincoln and London:
University of Nebraska,
Hutton, William Rich.
Glances at California, 1847-1853.
The Huntington Library,
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.
Geological Report of the Exploration of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers. By Dr.F. V. Hayden, under the direction of Captain W. F. Raynolds.Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,1869.