Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Lietuvos SSR Valstybės Saugumo Komitetas selected records
Collection Number: 2010C4
Creator: Lietuvos SSR Valstybės Saugumo Komitetas
1075 microfilm reels
(161.25 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Microfilm of reports, memoranda, correspondence, lists, directives, and other documents, relating to secret police, intelligence
and counter-intelligence activities, dissident and anti-Soviet activities, and repatriation and nationalism issues, in Lithuania.
Detailed Russian-language finding aids are available on the Hoover Institution website at
and on the microfilm at the beginning of each
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], reel [number], Lietuvos SSR Valstybės Saugumo Komitetas selected records, Hoover Institution Archives.
Originals in Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas, Fond [number], opis [number], file [number].
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2009. Several increments were received from 2010 to 2011.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of microfilm reels listed in Socrates is larger than the number
of microfilm reels listed in this finding aid.
Location of Originals
Originals in: Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas (Lithuanian special archives), Vilnius, Lithuania.
Dauzvardis (Petras Paulius) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Gudelis (Petras) typescript, Hoover Institution Archives
Hertmanowicz (Joseph John) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Lithuanian subject collection, Hoover Institution Archives
Terleckas (Antanas) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Turauskas (Edvardas) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Zukatskas (V. P.) collection, Hoover Institution Archives
The Lithuanian special archives removed some files and pages from the microfilm before providing it to the Hoover Institution.
The deleted files and pages contained personal names that were not releasable due to personal privacy concerns.
The collection is organized in multiple
fondy (record groups), with one or more
opisi (records series) within each
Lithuanian branch of the Soviet secret police organization Komitet gosudarstvennoĭ bezopasnosti.
Scope and Content of Collection
This collection consists of selected
opisi (records series) from what were the fifty-four
opisi in Fond No. K-1, Lietuvos SSR Valstybės Saugumo Komitetas (Committee of State Security of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist
Republic, LSSR KGB), 1940-1991, held at the Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas (Lithuanian special archives).
Over the years that Hoover acquired this microfilm, the Lithuanian special archives renamed many of the
opisi in Fond K-1 and assigned them new
opis numbers. As a result, the microfilm at Hoover is described in three categories: (1) Fond No. K-1
opisi that are unchanged; (2) Fond No. K-1
opisi that Hoover received before new numbers were assigned; and (3) Fond No. K-1
opisi that Hoover received after new numbers were assigned. The numbering used at Hoover is outlined below. In all cases, the alternate
numbers and titles are provided parenthetically in the series descriptions.
||NUMBERS USED AT HOOVER
||ACTIONS TAKED BY LIETUVOS YPATINGASIS ARCHYVAS
||Fond K-1, opis 2, 10
opis numbers unchanged
||Fond K-1, opis 3, 14, 45
||Renumbered as new
fondy after Hoover received microfilm
||Fond K-16 through K-31 (with gaps)
||Renumbered as new
fondy before Hoover received microfilm
The collection contains reports, memoranda, correspondence, lists, directives, and other documents related to intelligence
and counter-intelligence activities of the secret police against dissident and anti-Soviet movements and to problems with
repatriation and nationalism in Lithuania.
Nearly two decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union the Lithuanian KGB-MVD archives are the largest accessible holdings
of the Soviet political police (Russian and Ukrainian holdings are for all practical purposes closed), which were left almost
intact in Vilnius, Lithuania, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The materials document the establishment and operation
of the Soviet punitive organizations from 1940 to 1991 in a key Soviet republic that was both a frontier region and a bridge
to the West. They cover key subjects such as the initial annexation of the Baltic republics; World War II; the postwar struggle
against anti-Soviet nationalist guerillas; collectivization of the countryside; reform of the Soviet system after Stalin's
death; reactions to upheaval in Hungary in 1956, Czechoslovakia in 1968, Poland in 1980-81, and the 1989 revolutions in Eastern
Europe; reactions to increasing exposure to the West; and the final collapse of the Soviet power.
opisi cover different aspects of the establishment, operation, and demise of the KGB in Lithuania: operational material on the
struggle against individual and collective political dissent, anti-Soviet guerrillas, foreign intelligence and radio broadcasts
(Fond K-1, Opis 3); the NKVD-NKGB-MGB-KGB secretariat, which gathered information on political community spirit and activities
from local organizations and transferred them to Moscow (Fond K-1, Opis 10); political information gathered by the local NKGB-KGB
departments, chiefly in Vilnius and Kaunas (Fond K-1, Opis 14); and a vast collection of material on dissidents, their investigation,
interrogation, and trials (Fond K-1, Opis 2).
opisi were chosen by the Hoover Institution from records already microfilmed by the Lithuanian special archives. Before sending
the microfilm to Hoover the Lithuanian special archives removed some files and pages from the microfilm. Deleted files and
pages contained personal names that could not be released due to personal privacy concerns. Entire files removed from the
microfilm are indicated in the reel contents list on the microfilm at the beginning of each
opis. Pages removed from files on the microfilm are indicated by a splice on the microfilm, but splices can also occur for technical
microfilming reasons. In many cases gaps in the sequential pagination in the original file indicate where pages were deleted,
as well as how many were deleted.
The reel numbers used are those originally assigned by the Lithuanian special archives. They do not always run in a continuous,
logical sequence, but they contain the entire
opis. In addition, the microfilm often refers to the original
opis numbers, before the Lithuanian special archives renamed and renumbered much of the collection.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Secret service--Soviet Union.
Lithuania--History--Soviet occupation, 1940-1941.
Lithuania--Politics and government--1945-1991.
Soviet Union. Komitet gosudarstvennoĭ bezopasnosti.
Gorodskie otdely (Municipal departments)
Glavnoe upravlenie gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti Main Directorate of State Security
Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (State Security Committee)
- KGB LSSR
Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti Litovskoi sovetskoi sotsialisticheskoi respubliki (State Security Committee of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic)
Ministerstvo gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (Ministry of State Security)
Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
Narodnyi kommissariat gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (People's Commissariat of State Security)
Narodnyi kommissariat gosudarstvennykh del (People's Commissariat of State Affairs)
Narodnyi kommissariat vnutrennikh del (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs)
Ob''edinennoe glavnoe politicheskoe upravlenie United Main Political Directorate
Soiuz Sovetskikh sotsialisticheskikh respublik (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)