Biography / Administrative History
Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Japanese Americans Citizens League, Washington, D.C. District Office records
Bulk Dates: 1985-1999
Collection number: 2000.403.9
Japanese Americans Citizens League, Washington, D.C. District Office Records
31.75 linear feet
Japanese American National Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Los Angeles, California 90012
Abstract: The records of JACL, Washington, D.C. District Office (JACL-DC) document the administration, JACL-endorsed advocacy issues,
and reference files. The collection includes numerous court cases involving employment discrimination, immigration, military,
and redress. In a number of these cases, JACL was directly involved in legal representation.
Physical location: Japanese American National Museum
100 N. Central Ave., CA 90012
By appointment only.
Contact the Hirasaki National Resource Center
by e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) or telephone (213.830.5680)
All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in this collection must be submitted to the Hirasaki
National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum (email@example.com).
[Identification of item], Japanese Americans Citizens League, Washington, D.C. District Office records. 2000.403.9, Japanese
American National Museum. Los Angeles, CA.
This finding aid was created as part of a project funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The project started in 2007. Project Director was Yoko Shimojo and Project Archivist was Marlon Romero.
Biography / Administrative History
Founded in 1929, the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) is the nation's oldest and largest Asian Pacific American civil
rights organization. It was originally formed to address racial discrimination against Americans of Japanese ancestry, and
was one of few organizations in the 1920's and 1930's to challenge racist policies of state and federal governments. JACL's
headquarters are located in San Francisco and currently has five regional offices, including Washington, D.C.
JACL has achieved many civil rights victories, including the co-founding of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights in 1948,
the successful elimination of the term "Jap", which was replaced by "Jpn" as the official abbreviation, the lobbying of various
legislative measures, including the 1952 Walter-McCarren Act, which allowed naturalization rights to Japanese immigrants,
the 1964 Civil Rights Act, and the 1988 redress legislation (Civil Liberties Act of 1988), which compensated Japanese-Americans
for their internment during World War II.
Today, the JACL continues to work toward the elimination of racial stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination, advocates for
more effective federal and state civil rights laws, promotes the accurate portrayal of Asian Pacific American culture and
history, invests in youth education, and fights hate crimes and bias incidents.
Scope and Content of Collection
Overlapping of topics and issues, particularly racial discrimination, occurs throughout the collection; therefore, materials
pertaining to a particular topic may be found in other parts of the collection. For example, the issue of racial discrimination
has its own subseries, and this issue can also be found in a number of court cases and other documents in Military, Employment,
and Redress subseries. Employment has its own subseries and can also be found as a topic within the Women's Issues subseries.
Where possible, materials were kept in original order, which also accounts for the overlapping of documents on a particular
topic or issue.
Materials related to JACL may also be found in the JACL, Pacific Southwest District Office Records, and JACL, Headquarters
The collection is arranged into the following series:
1) JACL-DC Administrative Files, 1983-1999
2) Civil Liberty and Human Rights Issues, 1941-2000 (bulk: 1985-1999)
3) Subject Files, 1970-2000 (bulk: 1988-1999)
Series 1: JACL-DC Administrative Files, 1983-1999
This series documents the history, management, staffing, and finances of JACL-DC. The series includes fact sheets, board
of directors correspondence, JACL chapter newsletters, and district activity reports.
Series 2: Civil Liberty and Human Rights Issues, 1941-2000 (bulk: 1985-1999)
This series comprises the bulk of the collection (23 linear feet), and underscores JACL's mission to advocate for civil rights
not only for Japanese Americans but also for all Americans. The materials documents the issues for which JACL advocated,
including Affirmative Action, Education, Employment, Gay Rights, and Immigration (see below for complete list). The series
is arranged alphabetically by subject, beginning with general civil rights topics. Under each subject, miscellaneous or general
documents are listed first, followed by materials on specific topics pertaining to that subject.
A highlight of the series is the numerous court cases involving discrimination against Asian Pacific Americans. JACL was
directly involved with several court cases and served as legal representation. In the employment discrimination suit, Atonio
v. Wards Cove Packing Company (1.5 linear feet of material), more than 2,000 Asian Pacific Americans and Native Alaskans repealed
the special interest exemption from the Civil Rights Act of 1991 of Wards Cove Packing Company.
Also documented here are materials on the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) and on the redress legislation (Civil
Liberties Act of 1988) and its amendments. Materials on redress include correspondence, newspaper clippings, memoranda, copies
of legislation, and documents on several internment camp sites, including Manzanar and Poston.
Other materials pertaining to this series may also be found in the chronological section of correspondence and newspaper clippings
within Series 3.
Series 3: Subject Files, 1970-2000 (bulk: 1988-1999)
This series documents other Asian Pacific American civil rights and human rights organizations and provides some context for
JACL's activities in advocacy and education. Also documented here are issues that JACL-DC advocated but are not covered in
Series 2. These issues include the U.S. Census and the counting of Asian Pacific Americans and the Presidential Campaign
Fundraising Scandal of 1996, which raised concerns about the fund-raising efforts by the Democrats from Asian Americans.
Documents include correspondence and memoranda, newspaper clippings, and press releases.
The series also contains material on various individuals, including a number of prominent Asian Americans such as Senator
Daniel Inouye, Congressman Norm Mineta, and Congressman Spark Matsunaga. In addition, Series 3 documents other minority groups,
including Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and Korean Americans.
The end of Series 3 includes the chronological run of materials by medium, including correspondence, memoranda, newspaper
clippings, newsletters, and press releases
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in
the library's online public access catalog.
Japanese American Citizens' League. Washington, D.C. District
Politics and government