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Finding Aid for the Robert Duggan Communist Party Collection, 1952-1971
1120  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
The Communist Party of the USA (CPUSA) was organized in 1919 by the left wing of the Socialist Party and other groups. Under the new communist international strategy of the united front, American Communists began to work through labor and other groups to spread the Party's influence. By the late 1930s, the party reached 65,000 members, providing leadership in many organizations and serving as the radical wedge of the New Deal. The Hitler-Stalin pact forced the party into an anti-war stance, and the Cold War after 1945 further weakened its influence, as did McCarthyism, the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian Revolution, and the revelation of Stalin's crimes in 1956. As the Cold War eased and third world liberation struggles began, a new radical movement took shape in the 1960s, but the New Left groups rather than the Communist Party were the dominant forces. The continued inflexibility of the Party as well as the repression of Czechoslovakia in 1968 led to the resignation of West Coast leader Dorothy Healey in 1973 and the diffusion of many Party activists into other left groups. The collection consists of notes, documents, publications, and ephemera of the Communist Party of the United States and its Southern California district, the Southern California and national W.E.B. Du Bois clubs, and the new politics movement of the late 1960s.
Background
The Communist Party of the USA (CPUSA) was organized in 1919 by the left wing of the Socialist Party and other groups; internecine struggles persisted, with the Workers Party of America predominant by 1922, which changed its name to the Communist Party, USA in 1929; under the new communist international strategy of the united front, American Communists began to work through labor and other groups to spread the Party's influence; by the late 1930s, the party reached 65,000 members, providing leadership in many organizations and serving as the radical wedge of the New Deal; the Hitler-Stalin pact forced the party into an anti-war stance, and the Cold War after 1945 further weakened its influence, as did McCarthyism, the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian Revolution, and the revelation of Stalin's crimes in 1956; as the Cold War eased and third world liberation struggles began, a new radical movement took shape in the 1960s, but the New Left groups rather than the Communist Party were the dominant forces; the continued inflexibility of the Party as well as the repression of Czechoslovakia in 1968 led to the resignation of West Coast leader Dorothy Healey in 1973 and the diffusion of many Party activists into other left groups.
Extent
4 boxes (2 linear ft.) 1 oversize box
Restrictions
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
Availability
COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Advance notice required for access.