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Inventory of the Paul B. Henze papers
2005C42  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Paul B. Henze papers
    Dates: 1859-2009
    Collection Number: 2005C42
    Creator: Henze, Paul B.
    Collection Size: 188 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (79.3 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The Paul B. Henze papers consist of diaries, writings, correspondence, notes, memoranda, reports, research materials, printed matter, and photographs relating to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty broadcasting to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union; conditions in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and the former Soviet Union, especially the Caucasus and Central Asia; and conditions in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. The papers include publications of Radio Free Europe, Radio Liberty and related organizations as well as research materials for the numerous books and articles by Paul B. Henze, particularly The Plot to Kill the Pope (New York, 1983).
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: English, Turkish, German, Russian, Amharic, and French

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Boxes 177-189 are closed.
    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Paul B. Henze papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives between 2005 and 2009.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Materials

    Albert J. and Roberta Wohlstetter Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Claire Sterling papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Eritrean subject collection, Hoover Institution Archives
    Ethiopian Subject collection, Hoover Institution Archives
    Radio Free Europe corporate records, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical Note

    1924 August 29 Born, Redwood Falls, Minnesota
    1942-1943 Studied at St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota
    1943 Enlisted in the United States Army
    1944 September-1945 November Served in U.S. Military Government detachment I4G2, based primarily in Monschau, Germany
    1948 BA, St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota
    1950 MA, Soviet Studies, Harvard University
    1950 June 21 Began work at the Central Intelligence Agency
    1951 September 15 Married Martha Elaine Heck
    1952 November-1958 April Deputy Political Advisor, Radio Free Europe, Munich, Germany
    1958-1959 Communications advisor, Turkey
    1960-1961 Research staff, Johns Hopkins University
    1961-1968 Executive, U.S. Department of Defense
    1969-1972 1st secretary, U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    1972 Received Order of Menelik from Haile Selassie of Ethiopia
    1973 Department of State, Washington, D.C.
    1974-1977 1st Secretary, U.S. Embassy in Ankara, Turkey
    1977 Author, Ethiopian Journeys: Travels in Ethiopia, 1969-72
    1977-1980 National Security Council staff
    1980 December Retired from government service
    1981 Author, Turkey, the Alliance and the Middle East: Problems and Opportunities in Historical Perspective
    1981-1982 Wilson Fellow, Smithsonian Institution
    1982-2002 Resident Consultant, RAND corporation
    1983 Author, The Plot to Kill the Pope
    1991 Author, The Horn of Africa: From War to Peace
    1992 Headed International Alert missions to Chechnia and Georgia
    2000 Author, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia
    2001 Author, Eritrea's war: Confrontation, International Response, Outcome, Prospects
    2007 Author, Ethiopia in Mengistu's Final Years
    2011 May 19 Died, Culpeper, Virginia

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Paul B. Henze papers consist of diaries, writings, correspondence, notes, memoranda, reports, research materials, printed matter, and photographs relating to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty broadcasting to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union; conditions in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and the former Soviet Union, especially the Caucasus and Central Asia; and conditions in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. The papers include publications of Radio Free Europe, Radio Liberty and related organizations as well as research materials for the numerous books and articles by Paul B. Henze, particularly The Plot to Kill the Pope (New York, 1983).
    In 1952, Paul B. Henze, a World War II veteran and recent Harvard graduate in Soviet studies, moved to Munich to serve as Radio Free Europe's deputy political advisor. For nearly six years, Henze worked closely with William E. Griffith, RFE's chief political advisor, to shape the policies and programs of the growing radio station. Correspondence, memoranda, guidances, and reports from these early years can be found in the Radio Free Europe file. Of particular interest are files documenting RFE's conduct during the 1956 Hungarian uprising, flyers from balloon campaigns in Czechoslovakia, and reports on Polish defectors. In addition to writing policy and background reports, Henze traveled frequently to negotiate the construction of an RFE transmitter site outside Istanbul. Documents from this failed attempt can be found in the Chronological subseries.
    Although Henze left Radio Free Europe in 1958 for a position in Turkey, his interest in the organization continued throughout his life. In the 1960s, Henze was involved in the Radio Study Group, a CIA-led project to assess the funding and future of RFE. Some of the research materials in the Radio Free Europe file were assembled for this initiative. Later, while on staff at the National Security Council during the Carter Administration, Henze served as a liaison between the White House and the Board for International Broadcasting. Files from this period chronicle efforts to move the headquarters of RFE from Munich to the United States. After retiring from government service, Henze continued to write and lecture on the history of RFE as reflected in his speeches and writings.
    In his 30 years of government service, Henze held high-level positions in Turkey, Ethiopia, and Carter's White House. Aside from National Security Council documents related to Radio Free Europe, Henze's papers do not include working files from these postings. After retiring from public service in December 1980, Henze began to research and write extensively on subjects that were formerly under his purview as a government employee, such as the Horn of Africa and the non-Russian nationalities of the Soviet Union. His research and writings, as received by the Archives, were grouped by these subjects, and can be found in the Horn of Africa, Caucasus and Central Asia files.
    While employed by the RAND Corporation, Henze became famous for his book The Plot to Kill the Pope, which, along with the work of Claire Sterling, popularized the "Bulgarian connection" in the 1981 assassination attempt against Pope John Paul II. In his book, related articles, television appearances, and film scripts, all of which can be located in The Plot to Kill the Pope file , Henze sought to show that that Soviet Union was behind the actions of Mehmet Ali Ağca.
    Although Henze grouped his papers, including the bulk of his correspondence, by his research interests, he kept a separate file of extensive personal letters with friends such William Griffith, Richard Pankhurst, and Ralph Walter, which can be found in the Correspondence series. Items in his Biographical file, such as an application to work at Radio Free Europe and photographs of his wife and children, comprise some of the earliest items in the collection.
    A productive writer from an early age, Henze began keeping detailed diaries while a soldier and later military government official in Germany from 1944-1945. Henze's World War II diaries formed the basis for his undergraduate thesis and provide a glimpse into the daily life of an American soldier during the occupation of Germany.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Radio Free Europe.
    Radio Liberty.
    Radio broadcasting--Europe, Eastern.
    Radio broadcasting--Soviet Union.
    Europe, Eastern.
    Soviet Union.
    Former Soviet republics.
    Asia, Central.
    Caucasus, South.
    Ethiopia--History.
    Ethiopia--Politics and government.
    United States--Foreign relations, 1977-1981.
    United States--Military policy.
    United States--Defenses.
    John Paul II, Pope, 1920-2005--Assassination attempt, 1981.