The Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company was founded on July 23, 1925 in Los Angeles by William Nickerson Jr., George
A. Beavers, Jr., and Norman O. Houston. Their mission was to provide dignified employment for African Americans and to provide
them with insurance protection. Golden State Mutual operated for eighty-four years and grew to become one of the largest Black-owned
companies in the United States. The collection spans from 1909 to 2009 and consists of minutes books, annual reports, corporate
history files, ledgers, public relations and advertising files, correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, plans, reports, agreements,
manuals, policy specimens, Certificates of Contribution and Advancement, publications, files about the company's historical
murals and Afro-American art collection, architectural drawings, awards, memorabilia, and audiovisual materials.
Golden State Mutual founder William Nickerson, Jr. moved to Los Angeles from Texas in 1921 as an official representative of
the Texas-based insurance company American Mutual Benefit Association. When he arrived in California, he soon discovered that
the state’s existing insurance agencies viewed its 40,000 Black citizens as either uninsurables or extraordinary risks. Black
residents were only accepted at discriminatory premium rates, or denied insurance coverage altogether.
175.0 linear feet
(156 document boxes, 52 oversize flat boxes, 51 flat boxes, 18 record storage cartons, 11 half document boxes, 9 shoe boxes,
6 tubes, 3 scrapbook/ledger boxes and 1 map folder.)
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retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright
and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
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