In 1909 Charles Weeks pioneered what was
then a new method of raising poultry, by concentrating birds into coops. In 1923 he
established a small farming community in Owensmouth known as the Weeks Poultry Colony.
This collection is comprised of various publications which document the activities and
lifestyle of Charles Weeks and the farming community he helped create in the San
Charles Weeks was a visionary in the world of poultry and communal farming. Born on an
Indiana farm in 1873, Mr. Weeks grew up with a thorough understanding of farming and
farm life. In 1904, Mr. Weeks moved to Los Altos, California with a plan to raise
poultry on a ten-acre farm he had purchased there. Unfortunately, due to inadequate
water supply, Mr. Weeks' Los Altos farm was doomed to failure. In 1909, Mr. Weeks
moved to a five-acre farm on the outskirts of Palo Alto, California. It was here that he
established new methods of raising poultry, concentrating birds into coops. Previous to
this time, it was a commonly accepted farming practice to raise chickens in large, space
consuming, chicken runs. The "Weeks Poultry Method" of raising poultry in
compact houses became so successful that visitors from all over the world began arriving
at Mr. Weeks' farm to study and learn his method. William E. Smythe, a socialist
utopian, promoted his vision of independently-owned farming communities after visiting.
Weeks in turn adopted these ideals and established his own version of a utopian farming
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