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Guide to the Cliff Fridkis Legal Files of the Bustop Campaign Collection, 1928-1988
URB/BUS/II  
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Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Biographical Information:
  • Access Terms
  • Administrative Information
  • Arrangement of Materials:
  • Scope and Contents

  • Overview of the Collection

    Collection Title: Cliff Fridkis Legal Files of the Bustop Campaign Collection
    Dates: 1928-1988
    Bulk Dates: 1962-1982
    Identification: URB/BUS/II
    Creator: Fridkis, Cliff, 1947 -
    Physical Description: 27.72 linear feet
    Language of Materials: English
    Repository: Urban Archives
    Abstract: Cliff Fridkis served as the attorney for Bustop, Inc., a group originally formed by San Fernando Valley parents to stop forced busing in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Bustop, Inc. was an intervener in the Crawford vs. Board of Education school desegregation case in Los Angeles in the late 1970s. The collection chronicles Bustop, Inc.'s involvement in the Crawford vs. Board of Education case, and includes documents and research files that are part of Fridkis' legal case files. Clerk transcripts, court decisions, motions and orders, pleadings before the court, witness depositions and related research files comprise the bulk of the material.

    Biographical Information:

    Cliff Fridkis practices law in the Los Angeles area. He served as the attorney for Bustop, a group originally formed by San Fernando Valley parents to stop forced busing. Bustop was an intervener in the Crawford vs. Board of Education in the late 1970s.

    Access Terms

    This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

    Corporate Name:

    Better Education for Students Today (BEST)
    Bustop (Organization)
    Los Angeles Unified School District
    Real Parties in Interest
    United Teachers Los Angeles

    Genre/Form of Material:

    Paper records

    Geographic Name:

    Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Race relations
    Los Angeles (Calif.). Board of Education.
    San Fernando Valley (Calif.) -- Race relations

    Personal Name:

    Crain, Robert L.
    Fiedler, Bobbi, 1937 -
    Fridkis, Cliff, 1947 -
    Getelson, Alfred
    Robbins, Alan, 1943 -

    Topical Term:

    African Americans -- Civil rights -- California -- Los Angeles -- History -- 20th century
    Busing for school integration
    Busing for school integration -- California
    Civil rights -- California -- Los Angeles
    Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.) -- Race relations
    Integration Project
    Newspaper court reporting

    Administrative Information

    Processing Information:

    Robert G. Marshall, Robert Pflug, Cathy Sluter, Xiaoquan Han; 1988, 1991

    Conditions Governing Use:

    Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

    Conditions Governing Access:

    The collection is open for research use.

    Preferred Citation:

    [Identification of item], [date], Cliff Fridkis Legal Files of the Bustop Campaign Collection , Special Collections and Archives, Oviatt Library, California State University, Northridge.

    Related Materials:

    Arrangement of Materials:

    Series I: Records of the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles (Case No. 882 854), 1969-1984
        Sub-Series A: Reporters' Daily Transcripts, 1978-1981
        Sub-Series B: Pleadings, 1977-1982
        Sub-Series C: Exhibits, 1977-1981
        Sub-Series D: Witness Depositions and Reports, 1969-1981
        Sub-Series E: Cedar Files - Pleadings, 1977-1979
        Sub-Series F: Reference and Research Papers, 1971-1984
        Sub-Series G: Attorney's Fees - Cedar Files, 1978-1981
    Series II: Records of the California Court of Appeals, 1969-1988
        Sub-Series A: Clerk's Transcripts, 1979
        Sub-Series B: Appeals by Case, 1977-1981
        Sub-Series C: Exhibits for Petition of Write, 1976-1981
        Sub-Series D: Attorney's Fees, 1982-1988
        Sub-Series E: Research Files Regarding Attorney's Fees, 1969-1988
    Series III: Records of the California Supreme Court, 1978-1988
        Sub-Series A: Records by Case, 1978-1981
        Sub-Series B: Documents Transferred from the Superior Court, 1979
        Sub-Series C: Documents Transferred from the Court of Appeals, 1980, 1985
        Sub-Series D: Records Regarding Attorney Fees, 1988
    Series IV: Records of the United States Supreme Court, 1978-1982

    Scope and Contents

    The Cliff Fridkis Legal Files of the Bustop Campaign Collection chronicles Bustop Inc.’s involvement in the Crawford vs. Board of Education case. The collection includes documents and research files that are part of Fridkis' legal case files. Clerk transcripts, court decisions, motions and orders, pleadings before the court, witness depositions and related research files comprise the bulk of the material. The collection is organized in four series: Records of the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles (Case No. C 882 854) (1969-1984), Records of the California Court of Appeals (1969-1988), Records of the California Supreme Court (1978-1988), and Records of the United States Supreme Court (1978-1982).
    Series I, Records of the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles (Case No. C 882 854), contains briefs, correspondence, declarations, depositions, exhibits, orders of the court, petitions, transcripts, supporting opinions, testimony, and related legal documents that were filed in the Superior Court by plaintiffs, defendant Board of Education, and several interveners including Bustop Inc. The series is further divided into the following seven subseries: Reporter's Daily Transcripts (1978-1981), arranged chronologically, Pleadings (1977-1982), arranged by volume, document number, and chronologically, Exhibits (1977-1981), arranged by exhibit number, Witness Depositions and Reports (1969-1981), arranged alphabetically, Cedar Files - Pleadings (1977-1979), arranged chronologically, Reference and Research Papers (1971-1984), arranged alphabetically by title and type, and Attorney’s Fees - Cedar Files (1978-1981), arranged by file number.
    Series II, Records of the California Court of Appeals, continues to document the case through the California Court of Appeals. The series is further divided into the following five subseries: Clerks' Transcripts (1979), arranged chronologically, Appeals by Case (1977-1981), arranged by case number then document number or chronologically, Exhibits for Petition of Writ (1976-1981), filed by exhibit number, Attorney's Fees (1982-1988), arranged by document number, and Research Files Regarding Attorney's Fees (1973-1988), arranged alphabetically by title.
    Series III, Records of the California Supreme Court, documents the case through the California Supreme Court. The series is further divided into the following four subseries: Records by Case (1978-1981), arranged by case number, then document number, Documents Transferred from the Superior Court (1979), arranged chronologically, Documents Transferred from the Court of Appeals (1980, 1985), arranged chronologically, and Records Regarding Attorney Fees (1988).
    Series IV, Records of the United States Supreme Court, documents the case through the United States Supreme Court. Case documents are arranged by case number and chronologically within.