Scope and Content
Title: Photograph album of Texas oil fields
Date (inclusive): 1919
Collection number: 94/56
Stephenson, J.W. (John Wesley), photographer.
1 album (25 photographic prints) : gelatin silver, 22 x 30 cm (album)
Photographer identified in Library of Congress Catalog of copyright entries: Works of art.... v. 13-14
Photographs are backed with canvas.
Bound in canvas-backed plain brown paper covers; torn piece (40 x 80 mm) missing from top left corner of upper cover; covers
secured with pieces of brown shoelace threaded through two sets of holes punched along spine.
Copyright date of 1919 on most photographs.
Spec. Coll. copy: in beige cloth clamshell box, with box title "Stephenson. Texas Oil."
Abstract: Album of 25 canvas-backed gelatin silver prints of Texas oil wells and oil workers taken during 1919 by J.W. Stephenson, a
commercial photographer in Wichita Falls, Texas.
Language: Finding aid is written in
Language of the Material:
Materials are in English.
University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections
for paging information.
Restrictions on Access
Open for research. STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library
Special Collections for paging information.
Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the
creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright
owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
[Identification of item], Photograph album of Texas oil fields (Collection 94/56). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles
E. Young Research Library, UCLA.
UCLA Catalog Record ID
Scope and Content
The album contains views of early Texas oil towns such as Burkburnett and Waggoner City (Ragtown), Texas, as well as the "highway"
running through the Burk-Waggoner oil pool, along which a steady stream of horse-drawn wagons travelled, carrying equipment
and supplies. Several of the photographs show oil gushing from a well, including the Texas Chief gusher, Burk Waggoner gusher,
Golden Cycle gusher on fire (dated April 24, 1919), and spouting wells operated by Hill & Roberts, Motex, General Oil Co.,
and Arkansas-Texas Oil & Lease Co. Other photos depict workers operating the pipes filling huge barrels with oil--captioned
"M&P Burk, Block 818," "Burk George southwest corner Blk. 818," "Lucinda Meadows Tract," and "Big Bob Brewer Block 84," while
in other shots, workers oversee vast oil storage tanks in Thrift, and at the Parker Wells, or lay pipeline to the Burk Waggoner
pool, Warrior Oil Company's Lucinda Meadows Tract, or Five Oil Company's Lilis Morgan Tract. A panoramic shot of oil wells
operated by Motex Refining Company shows a landscape covered with hundreds of derricks, almost all in production. Shots of
tanker cars at the rail station in Burkburnett, and rows of tankers sitting out in the fields by the pipelines, waiting to
be filled document the importance of the railroad in transporting the oil. Finally, a group of workers poses on the platform
at the base of a derrick, watching a torrent of oil gush from an open pipe into a canal in front of them, while a photographer
at the side readies his camera.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Motex Refining Company.
Arkansas-Texas Oil & Lease Company.
General Oil Company.
Gushers --Texas --Photographs.
Oil fields --Texas --Photographs.
Oil fields --Equipment and supplies --Photographs.
Oil wells --Texas --Photographs.
Oil well drilling rigs --Texas --Photographs.
Oil storage tanks --Texas --Photographs.
Petroleum workers --Texas --Photographs.
Tank cars --Texas --Burkburnett --Photographs.
Wichita Falls (Tex.) --Photographs.
Burkburnett (Tex.) --Photographs.
Thrift (Tex.) --Photographs.
Waggoner City (Tex.) --Photographs.
Golconda (Tex.) --Photographs.
Genres and Forms of Material
Gelatin silver prints.