Correspondence, minutes, legal files, promotional materials, publications, petitions, and a few objects and photographs documenting
the activities of Indians of All Tribes, its governing council, and individuals involved in the occupation of Alcatraz from
Nov. 1969 - June 1971.
Alcatraz Island was occupied in November 1969 by Indians of All Tribes, a group of about one hundred Native American college
students and activists from UCLA and the San Francisco Bay Area. Led by Richard Oakes, the occupation was organized to draw
attention to the sociopolitical situation of Native Americans and to encourage their self-determination. After changes in
leadership, the influx of non-Native persons, growing violence and drug abuse, and increasing isolation in the community,
the federal government was prompted to remove the Indians from the island in June 1971.
4 cartons, 1 box
(4.5 cubic feet)
Copyright has not been assigned to the San Francisco Public Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from
manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the City Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Francisco
Public Library as the owner of the physical items.
The collection is open for research, with photographs available for viewing during the San Francisco History Center's Historical
Photograph Collection hours: Tuesday: 1-5; Thursday: 1-5; Saturday: 10-12, 1-5.