University of California: In Memoriam, 1986

David Krogh, Editor

A publication of the Academic Senate, University of California, 12th Floor, 1111 Franklin Street, Oakland, California 94607-5200. Information on this publication may be obtained by contacting the Academic Senate Office on any of the University of California campuses.



Dear Colleagues, Family Members, and Friends:

It is always a moment of both sadness and celebration that a volume of In Memoriam appears--sadness because of the loss of colleagues and friends; celebration of their extraordinary accomplishments and exceptional service to the University.

--Neil J. Smelser, Chair, UC Academic Council


William D. Altus, Psychology: Santa Barbara


William D. Altus was born on May 28, 1908 in Burlington, Kansas. He attended Kansas State Teaching College, receiving the bachelor of science and bachelor of arts degree in 1930, and the master of science in 1932. After several years of teaching in the public schools, he returned to New York University to complete his Ph.D. degree in psychology in 1941. He then joined the faculty of Santa Barbara State College. His service to the College was interrupted by World War II during which time he served in the adjutant general's division, achieving the rank of captain.

At the end of the war, Professor Altus rejoined the College, and in the late 1940s and early 1950s, he played a major role in forming a psychology department. This occurred during the time period when Santa Barbara State College became a campus in the University of California system. Altus served as the first chairperson of the Department of Psychology of the University of California, Santa Barbara, from 1950-1955, and continued to play an active role until he attained emeritus status in 1975. He may aptly be described as the founding father of today's Psychology Department at UCSB.

Altus' major teaching and research interest centered on the measurement of individual differences in intelligence and personality, and the effects that these differences have upon human behavior. The courses for which he is especially remembered are “Conceptions of Intelligence” and “Biographical Psychology.” In his own research, he was deeply involved in the study of a number of specific measures including the Terman Vocabulary Test, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, the Army General Classification Test, the Individual and Group Rorschach Test, and the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT).

Altus' most important contributions to the psychology of individual differences occurred during that period of his scholarly career when he launched a detailed investigation of the effects of children's ordinal birth position and their sex upon their subsequent dispositions and behaviors.

Altus' work in this area was recognized by a number of eminent psychologists of this century, including Gordon Allport and Edwin G. Boring. Boring, in commenting to Altus upon his efforts in the area observed, “I should not have read you, did you not write so interestingly! And, of course, you are doing the essential thing in trying to push the problem along from the what to the why!” Altus was honored by his campus colleagues for his research on birth order when he was selected to be the seventh member of the faculty to deliver the annual Faculty Research Lecture.

Altus was a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was listed in Who's Who in America. He participated in the Visiting Science Program of the American Psychological Association. He presented numerous addresses and papers at scholarly meetings, and served as a consultant to professional agencies at the local and national level.

In writing a letter of condolence to Grace Altus, Altus' wife, the senior members of the Psychology Department observed in regard to the legacy that he left the department, “In a fundamental sense, this department's increasing national and international eminence reflects Bill's early concern with excellence in both teaching and research.” At the more general level, William Altus was fascinated with the quality of the human endeavor. He focused his career upon the study of the human intellect, attemping to find better ways to measure it, and to determine its sources and its relationship to human action. His efforts in these areas serve as his legacy to the intellectual community and to the world at large.

Robert Gottsdanker Robert Reynolds Charles McClintock


Ensho Ashikaga, Oriental Languages: Los Angeles

Professor of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Emeritus

Born in his family's Buddhist temple in Sakai, Osaka, Ensho Ashikaga died of leukemia in Los Angeles on October 21, 1984. The 24th hereditary priest in his family, he was ordained at nine years and later attended the Buddhist university in Kyoto, Otani Daigaku, for advanced and graduate studies from 1928 to 1937. He was awarded a degree similar to the M. Litt.

In 1937 he was invited to UC Berkeley to teach Japanese Buddhism, Tibetan and graduate language courses. A few years later he met and married Toshi Shimizu. The outbreak of WWII caused the U. S. Navy to start crash programs in several lesser known languages in 1942 at Boulder, Colorado, and he accepted a request to teach intensive Japanese there. He proved to be a highly successful teacher under very demanding circumstances, and quickly compiled a large number of textbooks needed for the program. After the war, he returned to Berkeley and resumed teaching there.

UCLA had decided to open a Department of Oriental Languages in 1947 patterned after the one at Berkeley. The new chairman had known Ensho Ashikaga well for 10 years and had heard of his teaching ability from colleagues and students at the Navy Language School, so he invited Ensho to start the Japanese program. Finally, as the program expanded, he spent much of his time guiding students through advanced degrees in Japanese Buddhism and literature. He also served as department chairman, 1962-1968, and, never one to evade work, even as late 1973-1974 he was teaching eight courses. A true sensei and sempai, he was generous to a fault with his time and his office was always open to students with their problems. Among his many talents, Ensho was a superb cook and, assisted by his gracious wife, he often had friends and students to their home for sumptuous dinners. He also gave classes in calligraphy and painting at a nearby temple for Japanese in that community; some of them still gratefully practice the lessons given by a master. Such demands of his time forced

him to abandon his major project, a Tibetan-English dictionary, but he did publish important articles in western journals on ema, hyakkiyagyō, Bonmatsuri, etc.

His pre-eminence as a scholar and hereditary priest of the Jōdo Shinshū sect gave rise to further demands on his time. The main Los Angeles Higashi Honganji temple frequently asked him to preside over services and participate in important conferences. He also lectured on Sundays for years to the Young Buddhist Association and wrote dozens of articles in English for the temple's bilingual newsletter. As a token of the respect they accorded him, the Federation of Buddhist Churches contributed a significant sum for many years to the Oriental Library at UCLA for the purchase of Buddhist materials. Ashikaga also located important collections in Japan which were later acquired by the library.

Still nominal head priest of the Sakai temple, he spent summers and sabbaticals there. A year after his 1977 retirement, he was appointed Head of the Bureau of Rites and Ceremonies at Higashi Honganji's headquarters in Kyoto. In addition to other duties in this office, he taught novice priests the difficult art of ceremonial sutra chanting. He was also elected chairman of a group of scholars which had to edit and write commentaries on a large body of historically important manuscripts given the title of Shinshū Kudan Gisho. They are the teachings of Rinnyo Shōnin, fifteenth century reformer of the Shinshū sect. Seven of a projected 20 volumes were completed under Ashikaga's direction and are now in press; work continues on the others.

Those who did not know him well little suspected that a ready but rather elusive wit and fondness for puns lay behind his usual serious demeanor. One well-remembered summer when a western friend was travelling with Ensho, their Japanese cargo ship stood at dusk in the roads of Osaka where they were treated to an impressive sight. Bonfires were blazing on hills and seashore, and scores of miniature boats with glowing lanterns were coming from streams and rivers and bobbing bravely in the surf. It was mid-July and the last day of Bon-matsuri, or Festival for Spirits of the Dead. After a brief visit with the living, souls of the dead were being lighted on their way back to the other world. Ensho delivered an impromptu and highly amusing--yet erudite--lecture on the history of this festival over dinner on deck to a most appreciative class of one. As many of his students could attest, his formal lectures were often delivered with equal wit and received with equal appreciation.

This gentle and dedicated scholar will always be remembered with affection by those who really knew him, and all are indebted to him for his pioneer contribution to Japanese studies in this country. The department has established an annual Ensho Ashikaga Prize in his honor for outstanding graduate students; the first award went to a student in Japanese Buddhist studies.


After an impressive service in the main Los Angeles temple, attended by hundreds of the faithful and friends, his ashes were deposited both there and in Higashi Otani in Kyoto. He is survived by his wife Toshi, and sons Yoshi, Taka and Hisa.

Ben Befu Kenneth Chen Y.C. Chu Richard Rudolph


Harold A. Baltaxe, Radiology: Davis


Harold A. Baltaxe, professor and chair of the Department of Radiology at the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, died suddenly on August 25, 1985. Dr. Baltaxe had been a member of the UCD faculty since 1981. He was recognized as an international authority and pioneer in the field of cardiovascular radiology.

Harry was born in Vienna, Austria on February 26, 1931. He was a refugee from Germany and escaped with his mother to France, later immigrating to the United States where he completed his high school education. From this austere background, Harry developed a strong desire for excellence which he maintained throughout his life. Following graduation from the University of Paris, he obtained his doctor of medicine degree from the University of Lausanne, Switzerland in 1960 where he was valedictorian of his class. He completed his internship and residency training in radiology at the State University of New York in Buffalo in 1965, and a year later he became Board Certified in Diagnostic Radiology. After serving as an instructor in radiology at the State University of New York in Syracuse for two years, he completed a fellowship under the guidance of his good friend, Dr. Kurt Amplatz, at the University of Minnesota in 1969. From that point, his career rapidly blossomed. Harry was soon recognized by his peers for his dedication to radiology and for his development of many innovative ideas. He was recruited by the Department of Radiology at Cornell University in New York, and after only one year he was appointed as head of the Division of Cardiovascular Radiology. In just six years at that prestigious institution, he was promoted to professor of radiology. In 1976, he became chairman of the Department of Radiology at the University of Nebraska. He was recruited in 1981 as chair of the Radiology Department, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine where he guided the department until his unexpected and untimely death.

Dr. Baltaxe's academic accomplishments include over 100 scientific publications and a major textbook on coronary angiography; he was also

on the editorial board of 10 journals. He was a member of many scientific organizations, and his leadership and administrative abilities were recognized by his peers as noted by his election to several prestigious positions. From 1983 through 1985 he served as president of the Society of Cardiac Angiography and was a past president and president-elect for the Society of Thoracic Radiology.

At the University of California, Davis, Harry was enthusiastic in his approach to radiology. In his brief tenure he had reorganized a major portion of the Department of Radiology and developed several new programs. Much of his time and effort was devoted to the support of research and the investigation of new imaging modalities. The magnetic resonance imaging unit which is currently being installed at the University of California, Davis Medical Center is the result of endless hours of personal effort to initiate the project. When finished, the facility at the University Hospital will be dedicated to Baltaxe.

Harry's personal life was approached with the same enthusiasm as noted in his academic career. He was an avid skier and jogged several times per week, no less than eight miles. Athletic competition was an exciting challenge to Harry in which he always excelled, except for his weak backhand in tennis.

Dr. Baltaxe is survived by his wife, Claire, and their three children, Deborah, David and Bernard. His many friends here and throughout the world will remember his enthusiasm and his zest for life.

John P. McGahan C. John Rosenquist J. Anthony Seibert


Edward William Barankin, Statistics: Berkeley


Ed Barankin died on May 1, 1985, after an illness of several months. He was born in Philadelphia in 1920 and received the A.B. at Princeton in 1941. Except for the year 1946-47, which he spent at the Institute for Advanced Study as Hermann Weyl's assistant, he was associated with the University of California, Berkeley, continuously from 1941; as a graduate student in mathematics 1941-46, as a member of the mathematics faculty 1947-55, and as a member of the statistics faculty 1955-85.

His early work in the theory of sufficient statistics was highly regarded at the time, and is still cited. About 1950 he started developing a new, rather complicated theory of stochastic processes and behavior and, although he continued to do excellent work in other areas, including sufficient statistics and programming in operations research, his dominant research interest for the rest of his life was his process theory. In his theory, as in the theories of Keynes, Carnap, and Jeffreys, when the relationships among events are adequately described, the probabilities of the events can be calculated from their descriptions. Most of his United States colleagues never really understood his approach to stochastic processes, but his work was highly regarded in Japan, and was published in several Japanese statistical journals. Indeed, in recognition of his work he was appointed Honorary Member of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tokyo, in 1975. His process theory was also highly regarded by colleagues at the University of Mexico, where he spent several periods as visiting professor at the Institute of Mathematics.

Ed was among the first of the UC faculty to show a strong interest in helping the predominantly black colleges in the South. In 1964, he organized the Special Committee on Visiting Lecturers to Negro Colleges and Universities (in 1968 the name changed to Special Committee for Development of Communication with Negro Colleges and Universities). Under committee sponsorship, he gave a number of lectures at Morehouse, Talladega, and other predominantly black colleges. Some of the links he established between UC and predominantly black colleges are still in place.


He was a vigorous and effective Chairman of the American Statistical Association's Ad Hoc Committee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights. His committee stimulated the ASA to take strong public stands on several scientific and political issues, both domestic and international.

Ed was admired and loved by many of his colleagues for his strong intellectual independence, his high moral standards, his stubborn pursuit of his ideas regardless of his colleagues' opinions, and his absolutely invincible sense of humor. He was always in a hurry, but always willing to stop. We miss his sharp, penetrating voice, his jokes, his twinkling eyes and even his occasionally explosive temper. He is survived by his former wife, Claire, and two sons, Joe and Barry.

D. Blackwell R.N. Bellah P.J. Bickel W.W. Borah E.L. Lehmann


Ralph Leon Beals, Anthropology and Sociology: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Ralph Beals, who died on February 24, 1985, devoted his life to the furtherance of anthropology. His detailed ethnological investigation has left us a rich legacy of information on the cultures of Latin America. His awareness of social conditions south of the border rendered this knowledge politically relevant so that he became a kind of cultural ambassador to the area. His administrative talents and his concern with anthropology as a profession placed him among that small cadre of scholars who modernized the American Association of Anthropology, and his forthright judgment and courage gave him a crucial role in the later crisis of the association. As a teacher he is perhaps most widely known for his textbook An Introduction to Anthropology (with Harry Hoijer), which went through five editions before going out of print and was one of the most used in the history of the discipline. His teaching and administrative abilities led to the formation of one of our most important centers of anthropological research and training. As a theorist, Beals' major interest was in the process of cultural change--that is, with “acculturation.”

Beals came to UCLA in January, 1936, shortly after UCLA moved to its present campus. He became a prominent member of a small cadre of young scholars who brought about UCLA's transformation into the highest-ranked University initiated in the 20th century. After first teaching anthropology within the Department of Psychology, the Department of Anthropology and Sociology was established in 1940 under Beals' leadership. He served as chairman from 1944 to 1948, and again, in 1964-65. It was, unlike most joint departments, egalitarian, with carefully balanced growth in the two disciplines. It was also egalitarian in the more important sense. In the early years the faculty and staff brought their lunches and sat around a sawhorse table full of potsherds and discussed politics--national, academic and departmental.

Ralph's contribution to UCLA extended far beyond the department--but always as a member of the Academic Senate, never as an administrator.

He was instrumental in the establishment of the School of Social Welfare, and was a prime mover in the creation of a program and the Center for Latin American Studies. He also had considerable influence on the development of the School of Medicine where he was regularly consulted on appointments (Beals 1977:119). Ralph served for six years on the Editorial Committee, two terms on the powerful Budget Committee and frequently on the Committee on Privilege and Tenure. He did not hesitate to take stands unpopular with both administrators and colleagues. He had been no stranger to taking on controversy; while still an untenured assistant professor, he had been subpoenaed for testimony before the “Tenney Committee,” a California legislative version of the House UnAmerican Activities Committee and later voluntarily gave testimony for the lawyers who were putting together an amicus curiae brief for the Supreme Court case on school desegregation (Brown vs. the School Board of Topeka, Kansas).

Beals was honored by his colleagues in anthropology with a Festschrift, The Social Anthropology of Latin America: Essays in Honor of Ralph L. Beals, edited by Goldschmidt and Hoijer 1970, by the UCLA faculty with a Faculty Research Lectureship in 1953 and by the University administration with an honorary doctorate of law in 1970.

Ralph Beals was an active participant in the affairs of the American Anthropological Association, serving on its executive committee from 1940 to 1942 and again, after its reorganization (in which he played a part), from 1947 to 1949 and was elected president in 1950. He served on diverse committees and was advisory editor (1952-55) and associate editor (1955-59) of the American Anthropologist. He also was president of the Southwestern Anthropological Association (1958), of the Pacific Coast Council on Latin American Studies (1955-56), a member of the executive committee of the Society for American Archaeology from 1954-57, and on the executive committee of section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Finally, in 1966, Beals was again called upon to serve the Association; to investigate the difficulties that shook the Association arising from the “Camelot” affair--the counter-insurgency plans in Chile. This service to the association illuminates a major continuity in Beals' life: the role of the scholar in the affairs of the world. He did not simply examine the Camelot affair, but studied the social problems of social scientists doing research overseas, using interviews and questionnaires; an ethnography of social scientists (Politics of Social Research: An Inquiry into the Ethics and Responsibilities of Social Scientists, 1969).

Beals' research concentrated on Latin America. Drawn to this area by a dramatic trip through Western Mexico as a youth, he wrote his doctoral dissertation at Berkeley on the ethnic history of the Indians of northern New Mexico (The Comparative Ethnography of Northern New Mexico, 1932). Fellowships from the National Research Council for a study of the

acculturation of the Yaqui-Mayo Indians of the southern Sonora and the Mixe of Oaxaca offered him a concentrated period of ethnographic fieldwork and established him as a pioneer of modern Mexican ethnography (The Acaxee: A Mountain Tribe of Sinaloa and Durango, 1933; The Aboriginal Culture of the Cahita Indians, 1943; The Contemporary Culture of the Cahita Indians, 1945; and Ethnology of the Western Mixe Indians, 1945). He returned to Mexico to study the Tarascan Indians. It was one of the first instances of an American scholar collaborating with student nationals. In 1948-49 Beals made an extensive trip through Latin America, visiting every country in South America and some in Central America and ending in Ecuador, where he spent seven months studying the Quechua Village of Nayon, near Quito (Community in Transition: Nayon, Ecuador, 1966). His final field research brought him back to Mexico to study the markets of Oaxaca (The Peasant Marketing System of Guatemala, 1975). Initiated a few years before his retirement, this project served as a training ground for eight or 10 graduate students between 1964 and 1967. The final research on Latin America was to have been a history of the Mexican Indians since the conquest which he saw as quite different from the conventional historian's approach.

A strong current of concern with conditions in the society and the future of native peoples runs throughout Beals' Latin American work. As early as 1939 he served as technical advisor to the United States delegation of the first American Indianist conference in Patzcuaro. In 1942 he was brought to the Institute for Social Anthropology as Coordinator of Ethnic Studies for the Smithsonian Institution and developed various Latin-American scholarly publications and served as liaison between anthropology and diverse policy programs. He was technical advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the 4th and 6th Assemblies (Mesas Redondas) of the Pan American Institute of History and Geography. His services were recognized with an honorary professorship at the faculty of medicine at the University of Concepcion, Chile, and as Honorary Patron for the reorganization of the ethnographic section of the Museo Nacional de Anthropologia in Mexico City.

In his public presence, at least, Ralph was a man of intellect and reason, rather than of sentiment. His long and candid autobiographical account (in his contribution to the UCLA Oral History Program Entitled Anthropologist as Educator, 1977) gives only rare and indirect hints of his feelings--for family, friends, colleagues, students, and the Indians he studied--about whose welfare he was deeply concerned and to whom he gave so much.

As a scholar Ralph Beals would be best known for his rich and detailed contribution to our ethnographic knowledge of Mexico. But an even more important element in his career was his service as a facilitator. He helped make things happen--good things happen--in every major institutional

setting within which he worked: UCLA, Latin American Studies, and the American Anthropological Association. This he did through diligence, intelligence, a strong social conscience and above all, integrity.

Ralph is survived by his widow, Dorothy Manchester Beals whom he married in 1923. They have three children, Ralph Carleton Beals, Professor of Sociology at York University, Toronto, Alan Robin Beals, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Riverside, and Mariana Beals Beatty of Davis, California.

Walter Goldschmidt Ralph H. Turner Robert B. Edgerton


H. Glenn Bell, Surgery: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

H. (Harry) Glenn Bell's long, rich, and successful life began on a farm in Hillsboro, Ohio on March 2, 1893, and following a brief period of declining health, ended in San Francisco on January 28, 1981. His early life on the family farm provided contact with Dr. Gropper, the Bells' family physician, who undoubtedly nourished young Glenn's interest in medicine by allowing him to attend visits to patients and occasional surgical procedures with him. Glen Bell served as a medical corpsman with the U.S. Army in France and Germany during World War I and then returned to school where he earned a teaching credential which prepared him for a teaching assignment in Bellingham, Washington. However, his desire to follow a medical career caused him to return to Ohio where he earned a B.S. and then an M.D. degree at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He married his childhood sweetheart, Carol Simmons of Koshocton, Ohio in 1923 and began a six-year training program in general surgery at Cincinnati General Hospital. His professors, Drs. Heuer and Reid, were former Halsted surgical residents who provided a strict and rigorous program of training, as would be expected of former Halsted residents.

Following his surgical training, Dr. and Mrs. Bell moved to Southern California to begin a surgical practice. Then, Howard C. Naffziger, the preeminent neurosurgeon and chairman of the Surgical Department at UCSF learned of Bell's ability from Reid and offered him the position as Chief of the General Surgical Service. The Bells accepted this position and arrived in San Francisco in 1930 where Bell began an association with UCSF which spanned nearly four decades. As Associate Professor of Surgery he organized the Division of General Surgery according to the Halsted tradition of surgical training which he had learned in Cincinnati. Although young, only 38 years of age when he accepted the appointment, he was immediately recognized and respected for his unique skills in the surgical treatment of his patients. Clearly, he was dedicated to the care of his patients and his warmth, frankness and honesty earned him the respect

and admiration of both patients and colleagues. He displayed a profound interest in understanding the pathology of the surgical specimens he removed and ingrained this habit in his residents, many of whom had a rotation in surgical pathology to enhance their skills in this very important aspect of surgical training.

Dr. Bell taught by example and his technical skills and ability to make critical and timely decisions during operations were the examples his residents recognized as of crucial value in mastering the discipline of surgery. He realized the value of research and pioneered the concept of an elective research laboratory rotation within his long and arduous surgical training program. This permitted residents the opportunity for a period of duty dedicated to surgical research experience. This initially occurred by rotations to other medical centers including his alma mater, Cincinnati General Hospital, but in later years the faculty of the Department of Surgery at UCSF provided the guidance for the surgical residents assigned to research.

He served as professor and chairman of the Department of Surgery from July 1, 1946 to June 30, 1956, but continued the practice of surgery until the age of 75, performing as many as three or four complicated operations daily. He passed along his great technical skills to his residents together with a warmth and compassion he exhibited for both patients and colleagues. He sincerely felt and taught that it was a unique privilege and the highest form of personal compliment to operate upon another human being.

H. Glenn Bell was a member of the founders groups of the American Board of Surgery, the Society of University Surgeons, the Pacific Coast Surgical Association, and the San Francisco Surgical Society. He was elected to the presidency of the latter two organizations in 1947, and 1957 respectively. He was a member of the American College of Surgeons and the prestigious American Surgical Association. In 1961, Bell was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science degree by his alma mater, the University of Cincinnati and in that same year an honorary Doctor of Law degree from the University of California.

The Bells' first-born, Janet, became a nurse, and their second H. Glenn Bell Jr., a radiologist. Dr. Bell was proud of his farming heritage and had a productive home garden where he grew prize-winning artichokes as well as a variety of other delicious vegetables and beautiful plants. He was fond of golf and extremely proud of several father-son tournament championships he and Glenn Jr. won at the San Francisco Golf Club.

H. Glenn Bell had a full and rewarding life. His distinguished surgical career and achievements are widely recognized and his superb personal characteristics, grace, warmth, empathy and profound integrity are known by family, students, residents, and colleagues now scattered throughout the world. He unquestionably achieved success which is aptly defined by Ralph Waldo Emerson:


to laugh often and love much;
to win the respect of intelligent people and the affection of children;
to earn the approbation of honest critics and endure the betrayal of false friends;
to appreciate beauty;
to find the best in others;
to give oneself;
to leave the world a bit better whether by a healthy child, a garden patch or a redeemed social condition;
to have played and laughed with enthusiasm and such with exultation;
to know even one life has breathed easier because you have lived--this is to have succeeded.

Ronald J. Stoney


Klaus W. Berblinger, Psychiatry: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Klaus Berblinger was stricken by a fatal heart attack at home on November 11, 1982. Just two days before he had celebrated the birthday of one of the undersigned in full health and good spirits. He had been associated with the University of California and the Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute since 1958, and was well liked by colleagues, students, and patients. He was born in Zurich, Switzerland on September 8, 1910, the son of Walter Berblinger, then professor of pathology at the University of Marburg, Germany. Not long afterwards, his father accepted the position of director of the department of pathology at the University of Jena, and the family moved to their new destination. In Jena he went to elementary school and later attended the Gymnasium, which after graduation in 1929 allowed him to register at the Medical School of the University. After passing the preliminary examinations he transferred for his clinical years to the University of Munich. There he finished his studies in 1934, but due to the political circumstances in Germany, the authorities withheld the diploma and he found himself without doctorate or license. To earn a living, he joined a group of students, who organized a cabaret which traveled through Germany. But political satire was not well tolerated by the regime and he was arrested and interned in Dachau. Only through the help of friends was he released and able to leave Germany. In 1935 he registered at the medical school of the University of Berne, Switzerland, to obtain a doctor of medicine diploma. Years later after the defeat of Germany, the license to practice and the doctorate from the University of Munich were restored to him.

But in 1936 without a license to practice in Switzerland, Berblinger could only hold internships and residencies that were not wanted by natives; he trained in various sanitaria and research institutes until he decided to emigrate to the U.S. in 1938. He accepted an internship in Norfolk, Virginia, where he eventually established a general practice of medicine. Meanwhile he had married a girl whom he had met in Switzerland, Marianne Hammerli, with whom he had two children, a son Rene and a daughter Bettina. After

having consolidated his financial position, he decided at the age of forty to give up general medicine and to turn his attention to human behavior, an interest that was evident earlier in his life in his penchant for the theater. From 1950 to 1952, he spent two years training in psychiatry at Duke University, then he moved to the University of Maryland, and, rising through the ranks, he became an associate professor in 1956.

In 1954, when he was recruited by Feinsinger and Greenhill for the newly opened Psychiatric Institute of the University of Maryland, Feinsinger saw psychiatry as encompassing almost all of art and science, so he had on his staff a philosopher, a cellular physiologist, an educationalist, and sundry other “experts.” Berblinger became “The Physician,” and it was to him that the students and house staff turned when practical wisdom and judgment were called for.

In those days when the whole world seemed to smoke, his smoking was never ordinary, and his cigarette always seemed more a panache than “a smoke.” This dramatic aura made him seem to the younger staff like someone larger than life, yet he was always approachable, and grounded in the knowledge that life is not always easy. This combination of The Dramatic and The Human was reflected in a gift his secretary gave him when he left for California. It was a silver “Zippo” cigarette lighter with KB:RM engraved on it.

In 1958 the Langley Porter Institute looked for a medically trained psychiatrist who could handle psychiatric situations and manage the liaison with the University of California Hospitals, and also could supervise the clinical services of the department of psychiatry. After screening a number of candidates, the choice fell upon Dr. Berblinger and he moved with his family in 1958 to San Francisco. Here he could utilize his experiences gained in the practice of medicine and psychiatry and apply them to the field of psychosomatic medicine. Indeed, the majority of his publications deal with the borderland between medicine and psychiatry. But Klaus Berblinger was not only an excellent physician; his erudite comprehension of human affairs, his familiarity with the world of literature, and his knowledge of music (he himself was an accomplished violinist) made him a successful teacher who could hold the attention of his students. His sense of humor was proverbial and many a tragic situation was saved by pun or joke.

Berblinger was an intuitive physician who cared for his patients and who never lost his joy in working with them. We share with his family, friends, and colleagues the sense of loss that resulted from his death.

Dr. Berblinger is survived by his second wife, Francika Berblinger, and by a son Rene and daughter Bettina.

Carroll M. Brodsky Jurgen Ruesch Enoch Callaway


Fred R. Berger, Philosophy: Davis


On the morning of Thursday, November 20, 1986, Fred Berger, professor of philosophy at the University of California, Davis, died suddenly of a massive heart attack in San Pablo, California. Fred appeared to be in the best of health and was playing racquetball at the time of his death. He is survived by his wife Audrey, his daughter Liv, and his son Daniel.

Fred received his B.A. in philosophy from the University of Florida in 1959 and in 1962 he took an M.A. from the same institution. In 1966-67 he studied law and philosophy with H.L.A. Hart at Oxford University and with Torstein Eckhoff and Arne Ness at the University of Oslo--the latter on an American-Scandinavian Foundation Fellowship. In the fall of 1967 he joined the faculty at Davis as a lecturer and was appointed assistant professor upon receipt of his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in June of 1969. In 1980 he was promoted to full professor.

It is hard to overestimate the shock and sense of loss at Fred's passing. His contributions to the department, the profession, and the community of Northern California were substantial and wide-ranging and, at the age of 48, he found himself in a period of great productivity and even greater promise. He will be sorely missed on all fronts.

At Davis he was the driving force behind the ethics and political philosophy program. His commitment extended beyond the department: he chaired the 75th Anniversary Freedom of Expression Symposium in cooperation with the Law School and he sat on the UC Davis Humanities Planning Council. He was also a member of the steering committee of the new California Humanities Project and had recently become chair of the Northern California Critical Thinking Group. His public service record ran from directing a Public Policy Conference on Equality of Opportunity to consulting on water policy issues. The entire record is too long to list here but it underscores Fred's deeply held belief that his life should reflect his beliefs in as direct a manner as possible.

In over 32 articles/reviews and three books Fred earned an international reputation for his work in freedom of expression and applied ethics. His

recent book, Happiness, Justice, and Freedom: The Moral and Political Philosophy of John Stuart Mill, published by the University of California Press in 1984, won high praise and was to be followed by John Stuart Mill: His Philosophy, published by Blackwell's. At the time of his death his major project was Freedom of Expression in Theory and Practice. This and numerous other uncompleted projects make Fred's death a heavy professional as well as personal loss.

Everyone who knew Fred came to recognize his quintessential style. He was an exceedingly thorough scholar who demanded detailed explanation and clarification and who was determined to pursue the course of an argument to its conclusion. He was as demanding on himself as on his students. Perhaps above all else, he was a truly fair person. As one of his students put it, “he was not only interesting but also interested”--interested in what she had to say and in giving her the best philosophical tools with which to say it. And as another remarked, “As an advisor, Fred was everything one could hope for. He was encouraging and gentle, yet set high standards and offered penetrating criticisms. His teaching, like his thought and writing, was marked by its clarity, openness, breadth and good sense.” It is some solace that these very qualities which will be so missed live on in those he influenced as teacher, colleague, and friend.

Michael Wedin Joel Friedman Michael Hoffman


Woodbridge Bingham, History: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Woodbridge Bingham, who taught East Asian history for fifty years at the University of California, Berkeley, died at his home on May 2, 1986. He will be remembered as a pioneer scholar in Chinese studies, one of the architects of Berkeley's Asian Studies program, and (as the preface to the 1976 festschrift published in his honor put it) “the embodiment of the ideals of the true gentleman (chün-tzu), who imparted these ideals to his students.”

Woodbridge was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1901, the eldest son of Hiram Bingham, the Yale historian who served as governor of Connecticut and as United States senator, but who is most remembered as the discoverer of Machu Picchu in Peru. While still studying at Yale, where he took his A.B. in 1924, Woodbridge Bingham chose the still-undeveloped field of Chinese history for his career, and was in Changsha as a Yale-in-China instructor in 1924-25. In 1928 he married Ursula Wolcott Griswold, who shared in his life until his death and still resides at 4 Greenwood Commons in Berkeley. He continued his studies at Harvard (A.M. 1929) and UC Berkeley (Ph.D. 1934), with periods of living in China in 1926-27 and 1934-37. The first-hand experience of Chinese life and culture gained during these stays informed his teaching and writing later, and his accounts of traveling in the Chinese countryside or climbing Huashan and visiting its Taoist monasteries excited the envy of those of us for whom China took on a material existence only after 1972.

Bingham began teaching at UC in 1937, and continued to contribute actively to University programs after his retirement in 1969, for instance as Head Faculty Fellow for the Residential Program in History and Literature. During the years 1943-45 he put his Chinese language and other expertise at the service of the U.S. Naval Reserve as a lieutenant, serving in Naval Intelligence and in the Office of Strategic Services. His achievements as a scholar rest chiefly on his writings on the Sui-T'ang transition in Chinese history; his major book was The Founding of the T'ang Dynasty, the Fall

of Sui and Rise of T'ang, 1941. This is still a basic book in the field, and exemplifies a high level of sinological research and scrupulous scholarship that was not at all common in its time. In 1956 he published Southeast Asia, A Brief History, co-authored with two former students, Hilary Conroy and Frank Inkle, and in 1964-65, with the same two co-authors, the two-volume History of Asia. Much of his later writing was pedagogical in nature--syllabi, bibliographies--or concerned with Asian studies in a broad way.

Bingham devoted himself more to teaching than to specialist scholarship, and worked at bringing together a community of Asian Studies faculty at Berkeley. He founded in 1949, and for eight years directed, the Institute of East Asian Studies. His approach, as one colleague of that period recalls it, was institution-oriented, seeing the East Asian faculty as a family and trying to draw them together; this was before the divisions and occasional divisiveness of more recent years, when separate centers have been established for different areas of Asia, and modern and traditional studies have tended to pull apart. Woodbridge Bingham's vision was more unitary and unifying.

Bingham's seminars on bibliography and research methods, and on topics in Chinese history, are remembered admiringly and gratefully by former students as helping them to master these skills at a time when fewer research tools were available than now. Frederick Wakeman recalls: “As a student of Woodbridge I was always struck by his punctiliousness as a scholar. When I first came to Berkeley to do graduate work I was impatient with what seemed to me to be an unnecessary fussiness over detail. I gradually came to appreciate that this was a form of scholarly scrupulousness that I then lacked, and that Woodbridge taught me the importance of acquiring. My first major seminar paper in Chinese history was written for him... He read the paper with great care and attention, and then showed me how to present the case for my argument, much as a lawyer would teach his clerk how to prepare a presentation for judge and jury.”

Bingham played a major role also in building the great collection of Chinese books now in East Asiatic Library. In 1947 he returned to China carrying a want-list of 1400 books; in a few months in Shanghai and Peking (close to the last months in which this would be possible) he purchased over 9,000 volumes and arranged for agents to continue purchasing and shipping. His own collection of rubbings and books has been given to East Asiatic Library, and his personal and professional papers to Bancroft Library. In 1970-71 Woodbridge served as Visiting Professor in the Centre for Asian Studies at the University of Hong Kong.

In his last years he was engaged in writing a biography of his father, which he completed. Until back trouble made it impossible, he came almost daily to his office, and lunched at the Round Table at the Faculty Club.

All of his graduate students admired Woodbridge Bingham for his decency and sense of fair play. He came, as they recognized, from another generation,

an “old school” as it were, and all who worked with him were to be touched in one way or another by his kindness and courtesy. Students and colleagues from his active days remember fondly the receptions that he and his wife Ursula would hold in their large and elegantly-furnished home on Tamalpais Road, gatherings that were not only enjoyable but also effective in furthering Woodbridge's goal of bringing together people in Asian studies. And the unfailing support that the Binghams gave to new faculty in getting settled in Berkeley is also warmly remembered.

Woodbridge is survived by his wife, Ursula, four daughters and 10 grandchildren. They are Ann Bingham (Pierson) Wright whose children are Richard Pierson III, Olivia Tiffany Pierson (Mrs. James Jacoby), Alexander deForrest Pierson, Cordelia Stewart Comfort Pierson; Clarissa Bingham (Brown) Junge, Marion Sloane Brown, Clarissa Anne Brown, Phyllis Wyatt Brown, Edward Eagle Brown, Evelyn Bingham (Prosser) Goodman, and Marion Bingham Hubbell, Trika Hubbell, Jonathan Bradford Hubbell.

In Woodbridge Bingham, two not dissimilar traditions came together: that of the old families of New England, and that of the Confucian chün-tzu or gentleman. Both stressed service, decorum, integrity, and Woodbridge Bingham exemplified them all.

T.N. Bisson J. Cahill A.C. Helmholz J.M. Smith F.E. Wakeman


Errett A. Bishop, Mathematics: San Diego


(A) Mathematics is common sense.

(B) Do not ask whether a statement is true until you know what it means.

(C) A proof is any completely convincing argument.

(D) Meaningful distinctions deserve to be preserved.

These principles of constructivism were elucidated by Errett Bishop in a 1973 paper with the title “Schizophrenia in contemporary mathematics.” Errett Bishop is universally recognized as an outstanding mathematician, one of the great analysts of the present time. By the mid 1960s, there were theorems and methods attributed to him in many areas of mathematics--simply beautiful results which remain as a seminal influence. About 1964 his interests turned toward the foundations of mathematics. Indeed, the above principles from Errett's paper are epitaphial since constructivism dominated his research from about 1964 until his illness in 1982. These principles certainly lend a rough sculpture of his personality. Errett Bishop died of cancer on April 14, 1983.

The epitaph only hints of the power and concentration Errett brought to bear on the problems he worked on and of the originality, depth, and insight he displayed in his research. It does speak, however, of simplicity and honesty, and it surely speaks of a clear mind and fierce independence. Errett was a sincere and compassionate friend to many of us in the department. To us who knew him well, his epitaph speaks, further, of the strong principles by which he lived. He had a strong feeling for fairness in the treatment of other people--his colleagues, his students. He treated people with kindness and consideration. We shall never forget him.

It is appropriate to mention Errett's father, Albert T. Bishop, before discussing Errett's career in more detail. Albert T. Bishop graduated from West Point and served in the U.S. Army during World War I. Later on, he was a professor of mathematics at several universities: at career's end, at the University of Wichita until failing health forced early retirement. Errett himself was born in Newton, Kansas, on July 24, 1928. It is noteworthy

that Errett began serious study by picking his way through a pile of textbooks which remained in the family home after Albert's death in 1933.

It was clear early on that Errett was a brilliant student. Undoubtedly he was not challenged by high school work. When he learned of a special scholarship program at the University of Chicago, he applied and was accepted at the age of 16. He received the B.S. degree at the age of 19 and the M.S. two years later (finishing the M.S. in 1949). As only a sophomore, he took a graduate level course in probability taught by Paul Halmos, who eventually became his thesis advisor. It is remembered that Halmos once suggested to this class that they find one example of a certain unusual phenomenon. Errett was not satisfied to do this; his paper contained a general theorem, a necessary and sufficient condition for that phenomenon to occur! The theorem was new to Halmos. Finally, any recollection of the Chicago years should include Errett's sister, Mary Weiss, who was two years young than himself. Mary was also a child prodigy. She was accepted by the (same) special scholarship program at the University of Chicago and received the Ph.D. in mathematics in 1957. Mary Weiss died in 1966.

From 1950-52 Errett served in the U.S. Army. The Army showed good judgment by assigning him (after basic training) to do mathematical research at the National Bureau of Standards. This work was recognized by an award: he received a “Commendation ribbon with pendant for mathematical research in Army Ordnance.”

In 1952 he returned to the University of Chicago and obtained his Ph.D. in 1954. Halmos, his advisor, said: “As a student he was outstanding and with the writing of his thesis he became spectacular.” Errett's thesis was a penetrating study of a generalized version of spectral theory.

Errett began his teaching career at Berkeley in 1954, where he remained until 1965, with the exception of one and one-half years spent at Princeton as a member of the Institute for Advanced Study. His academic career was absolutely brilliant. In his first eight years at Berkeley, he advanced from instructor to a full professor in their very distinguished mathematics department. He had a Sloan fellowship during three of those years. Also, he spent the years 1964-65 as a member of the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Berkeley. At the Miller Institute, he devoted full time to research in preparation for his remarkable book, which we describe later on. Errett accepted an offer from our young Department of Mathematics at UCSD in 1965. He remained at UCSD until his illness and death in 1983.

It is not easy to summarize Errett's work. Many mathematicians earn their reputation by doing outstanding work in one area, but Errett made his mark in many. He had the ability of going into a new field and in two or three papers advancing it in an essential way. He has many times succeeded in unifying and extending a field by introducing the right kind

of imaginative new concepts. He did that first in operator theory in Hilbert space and in Banach space; next in the theory of polynomial approximation in the complex plane and on Riemann surfaces. The latter led Errett to his outstanding work in function algebras. This work in turn led him to his highly original approach to the theory of functions of several complex variables. He applied here the methods of functional analysis as a new and powerful tool. This work had a strong impact on the theories of mathematicians in Europe.

We mentioned that Errett began struggling with foundational issues in 1964 or so (about the time he was at the Miller Institute). Despite his extraordinary successes in so many fields--which brought him recognition and acclaim of his peers--his independent mind drove him to think about the basic meaning of it all. He felt there is a crisis in mathematics due to our neglect of philosophical issues. His motivation was to explore the meaning of mathematics: he felt, particularly, that we are proving many theorems--more today than ever before--without knowing what they mean. He asked “Is pure mathematics simply a game which we play or do our theorems describe an external reality?” The occupation with these ideas lead to the appearance of his book on Foundations of Modern Analysis in 1968 in which he develops a large part of modern analysis by so-called “constructive” methods. The leading protagonist of the constructivist cause in the early part of this century was the Dutch mathematician, J. L. E. Brouwer. Brouwer and his followers, the “intuitionists,” introduced methods which appeared unacceptable to most mathematicians. In view of this situation it was a most remarkable achievement that Errett produced a simple and systematic treatment showing that almost all of the important material of modern analysis can be dealt with by methods not far removed from the classical approach. In many cases it deepens the understanding of the theorems.

Errett Bishop will be remembered as one of the outstanding mathematicians in the world. He will be remembered for his sense of justice, for the integrity and dignity of his personal life. He is survived by his wife, Jane, their two sons, Edward and Thomas, and by their daughter, Rosemary. He is survived, also, by his mother, Helen. Errett will be sorely missed by his colleagues and by his friends who both respected him and loved him deeply.

Leonard R. Haff Murray Rosenblatt Stefan E. Warschawski


Clifford Hershey Bissell, French: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Clifford Bissell's life was as rich and varied as it was long. Born in 1887 in Norwalk, Conn., he attended secondary schools in the United States, France, and Germany and received his B.A., magna cum laude, from Yale University in 1908. On graduating from Columbia Law School in 1911, he practiced in New York until 1917, then joined the American Red Cross, serving in France as an ambulance driver. Thus began a lifelong commitment that led him to sponsor French orphans in both World Wars and to continue to take an interest in them. For this and other services he was awarded the Palmes académiques in 1935.

With an M.A. in French from Princeton, Clifford came to Berkeley in 1920 as a teaching assistant, obtaining in 1925 his Ph.D. and a position on the staff of the French Department. He remained in the department until his retirement in 1954. In the course of his career Clifford wrote of bourgeois conventions in the modern French theater, translated several plays by Rostand, and edited one of Charles Vildrac's plays. But he was primarily and excellently a grammarian, a forerunner of contemporary linguists, who explored in his book on prepositions the differences in English and French points of view. He imparted this same semantic finesse to his students, who left his courses with a renewed sense of the complexities of the French language.

The amount of energy emanating from the Bissell household on Euclid Avenue in Berkeley was prodigious. The lively departmental receptions were memorable occasions. The parents and their four children were all enthusiastic ice skaters; Celia (née Hiller, whom Clifford had married in 1921) organized classes in ballroom dancing for young people; Celia and Clifford climbed mountains. Clifford himself was a human dynamo, regularly playing tennis at the Berkeley Tennis Club until he was 85. A railway buff, he would take excursions all over the country on old steam trains.


Clifford Bissell thus continued to lead an active life until the end. After a brief illness, he died in 1981 at the age of 93. He is survived by one son, Allen, of Grass Valley, and one daughter, Constance Olson, of Berkeley.

Basil J. Guy Alvin Eustis


David Dodge Boyden, Music: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Born in Westport, Connecticut, David Dodge Boyden was educated at Harvard and Columbia universities, and at the Hartt School of Music. He joined the faculty at the University of California in Berkeley in 1939 after a one-year period of teaching at Mills College. He remained at the University until his retirement in 1975.

As a scholar he was widely known and respected. He served as Vice-President of the American Musicological Society for two separate terms (1955-56 and 1961-62) and was a member of the executive board in 1958, 1966, and 1978-79. He was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship on three occasions, a Fulbright grant to teach at Oxford University once, and a University of California research fellowship twice. The Hartt School of Music honored him with a doctorate degree in 1957 and the University of California with the Berkeley Citation in 1980.

Throughout his career he was active in the International Musicological Society, the Royal Musical Association (England), the Galpin Society (London), the Stradivari Society, and for eleven years he served as a member of the board of directors of the Oakland Symphony. He read a paper at the International Congress of Musicology in Oxford in 1955, was a principal speaker at the Congress in the Cologne in 1958, and a member of a panel at the Congress in New York in 1961.

His scholarship lay somewhat outside the main lines that were pursued in this country in his time; rather than working with texts, David did his major research on the physical objects of music--violins and bows, and on performance practice. One of the few Americans to do this kind of work in his generation, he took satisfaction in its growing cultivation in later years. David's major study, The History of Violin Playing from its Origins to 1761, first published in 1965, is a classic that has been translated into German and Polish. More than most works of musicology, it has a continuing readership outside of the academy, among professional string players and the great army of violin amateurs, and has had a significant

effect on string playing in recent years. A sequel was begun, but unfortunately could not be completed. He also wrote a textbook, An Introduction to Music, that has had a wide circulation, 76 articles for the New Grove Dictionary of Music, and some 50 separate articles and reviews.

David's personal favorite among his publications was probably the Catalogue of the Hill Collection of Musical Instruments in the Ashmolean Museum. Studying the instruments while he was a Fulbright Professor at Oxford, he was specially delighted to get the instruments out of their cases for a memorable concert.

David was also a successful and visionary administrator, the true architect of the post-war music department at the University of California at Berkeley. After Manfred Bukofzer's sudden death in 1955, he assumed leadership in musicology and also the department chairmanship over a six-year period. At a time of expansion in American higher education, he promoted not only musicology, but other fields of study with a wise sense of balance for the whole. Musical composition, practical performance, and ethnomusicology all received emphatic support from his strong, effective administration. He also supervised the move of the department into its present premises, Morrison and Hertz halls; commissioned twenty-odd works for the opening festival; helped acquire the Salz collection of rare violins; and, no doubt most significant of all, made key appointments that have allowed the department to maintain its early promise.

Diffidence is not a word one might think of associating with David Boyden, yet he was diffident about his own violin playing; in some way, this quality must have reinforced the special joy he always took in music and music making. He would shine with enthusiasm about a new piece of music or a new performer. His many friends and colleagues will remember his sense of fun, his lovely laugh, his attractive boyishness, never quite outgrown, and his pleasure at accomplishment (that included active bicycling and tough competition on the tennis court). As a teacher he was highly principled. Although a stern taskmaster, his concern for students and his easy humor endeared him to them.

David Boyden died on September 18, 1986 after a long struggle with Parkinson's disease. Those who knew him and worked with him over a long period of years remember him with gratitude and affection.

He is survived by his wife Ruth, sons Thomas and Richard, daughter-in-law Karen, and grandchildren Darren and Jennifer.

James D. Hart Daniel Heartz Joseph Kerman Lawrence Moe


Abraham Isaac Braude, Medicine; Pathology: San Diego


Abraham Isaac Braude was born in Chicago, Illinois, on June 15, 1917, and died on December 5, 1984. He is survived by his wife, Gita, two daughters, Claire Braude and Katie Braude Rothbard, and two grandchildren, Ben and Lisa Rothbard.

Abe Braude received his B.S. and M.D. degrees from the University of Chicago in 1937 and 1940 and completed his internship in 1941 at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago. He entered the medical corps of the U.S. Army shortly before World War II. At this time he met and married Gita Siegel. During tours of duty in Puerto Rico and Burma, Braude became fascinated with the pathogenesis of infectious disease and decided to make it the focus of his career.

After the war, Abe spent the next five years with Wesley Spink at the University of Minnesota, completing his training in internal medicine and infectious diseases and obtaining his Ph.D. Although Spink was already the authority on brucellosis in the United States, the laboratory exploded into further prominence after Braude's arrival. Braude, Spink, and their colleagues discovered the value of tetracycline analogues in the treatment of brucellosis, the dangers of the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction during treatment, and the role of the granuloma in the pathogenesis and immunology of brucellosis.

In 1950, Braude left Minnesota to become assistant professor of medicine and director of the microbiology laboratory at the University of Michigan. This period from 1950 to 1953 was critical to Braude's career. During these years, Braude realized the importance of the microbiology laboratory not only in patient management, but also in physician education. He became convinced that infectious disease clinicians must not only be excellent microbiologists, but also exercise technical and administrative control of the diagnostic microbiology laboratory. He demonstrated and taught this principle of medical practice and education for the next 35 years as director of diagnostic microbiology and chief of infectious diseases at the Southwestern

Medical School of the University of Texas from 1953-57, at the University of Pittsburgh from 1957 to 1969, and at the University of California at San Diego from 1967 until his death in December, 1984.

It was also at Ann Arbor that Braude began his life-long study of the role of endotoxin Gram negative bacteria in septic shock. He discovered that the endotoxin of cold-growing bacteria that had contaminated refrigerated blood could cause vascular collapse and death of transfused people without bacterial multiplication in the body. This observation established the importance of endotoxin as the major virulence factor of Gram negative bacteria and set the stage for his later fundamental and applied research on the pathogenesis and treatment of life-threatening septic shock.

During his years in Dallas, Pittsburgh, and San Diego, Braude made outstanding research contributions in three areas, anaerobic infections, pyelonephritis, and the endotoxin shock of Gram negative bacteremia. He devised a simple, effective method for culturing fastidious anaerobes, discovered Bacteroides penicillinase, and proved that so-called “sterile” brain abscesses are caused by anaerobes. His landmark papers on brain infections and sinusitis awakened us to the major role of anaerobes in infectious disease. His work on pyelonephritis ranged from devising realistic models of infection to elegant studies that helped explain the inadequacies of the immune responses of the kidney. For example, he showed that the leukocytes attracted to the infected kidney suppressed the immune response and caused major damage. In his further work on the pathogenesis and management of endotoxin shock, Braude devised a stable mutant of E. coli that stimulates an antibody that reacts with the endotoxin of all Gram negative bacteria. In a landmark study of infected people, Braude then showed that passive immunization with this mutant neutralized the manifestations of endotoxemia and reduced the mortality of these life-threatening infections by half. Just before his death, he developed a human hybridoma antibody against this mutant that is even more potent at immunoprophylaxis of experimental animals. His colleagues are continuing this important work and will soon implement clinical trials of this monoclonal antibody in patients.

Abe Braude was also an outstanding clinician and teacher. He brought his knowledge of basic science and diagnostic microbiology to the bedside and used clinical observations to direct and sharpen the focus of the laboratory. His teaching was enriched by an encyclopedic knowledge of microbiology and infectious diseases and an acerbic wit. Although he demanded that his students have a rigorous approach to medicine, microbiology, and research, he thoroughly enjoyed each and transmitted the excitement and fun of academic endeavors to his students. He taught generations of physicians to think clearly, ask intelligent questions, and apply their knowledge of microbiology to meaningful laboratory investigations and to the diagnosis and treatment of patients. A second edition of his successful textbook,

Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, was published shortly after his death.

Abe's contributions to medicine were recognized by many awards. The Kaiser Award for teaching in the preclinical sciences at UCSD, a Macy Faculty Scholar award, the Maxwell Finland Award of the Infectious Diseases Society for research and teaching, and the Presidency of the Infectious Diseases Society were among his many honors. After his death, his family, friends, and colleagues established a fund for the Abraham I. Braude Visiting Professorship at the University of California, San Diego.

Welch, speaking at the dedication of the new Harvard Medical School in 1906, said that creative minds with research talent were much more valuable than stately buildings. “Search for them far and wide... cherish them as a possession beyond all price.” Our late, esteemed colleague, A. I. Braude, fit Welch's description perfectly. We miss him sorely.

Charles E. Davis Joshua Fierer Samuel I. Rapaport


Robert Bigham Brode, Physics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Professor Emeritus Robert Bigham Brode died February 19, 1986 in his home in Berkeley, California. Robert was one of triplets born June 12, 1900, in Walla Walla, Washington. Robert and his brothers Wallace and Malcolm all became distinguished scientists following the example of their father, who was a professor of biology at Whitman College in Walla Walla.

Bob Brode's young life included not only science but also a cultural general education, including music. He became a proficient flute player, contributing enjoyment to others and gaining personal pleasure for many years.

Leaving Whitman with a bachelor's degree in 1921, Bob went to Cal Tech where he earned the Ph.D. degree in physics in 1924. The remarkable fact about this degree is not that it took only three years to win, but that it was the first Ph.D. degree in physics awarded by Cal Tech, which was then developing its scientific program under the direction of Robert A. Millikan.

Brode's research work, starting with his first work published in 1925, showed that molecules such as nitrogen and carbon monoxide, or methane and argon, with similar arrangements of their external electrons have very similar cross sections for collisions with slow electrons. He extended such measurements on slow electron collisions, obtaining results which were difficult to explain using classical physics. It was not until 1966, when wave-mechanical theories and modern computers were available, were his results completely understood. From then on, his early work was widely used in analysis of the scattering of charged particles at low energies.

Brode started his professional experience as an associate physicist in the Bureau of Standards. He held a Rhodes Scholarship in Oxford, 1924-25, a National Research Fellowship at Göttingen 1925-26, and a research appointment at Princeton in 1926-27.

He was appointed assistant professor of physics in the University of California, Berkeley, in 1927.


Brode's advances through the academic ranks were unusually rapid. He was advanced to tenure as an associate professor in 1930 and professor in 1932. During this period, he continued his research on interactions of slow electrons in various gases, a field now important in research on plasma physics.

In 1934-35, he held a Guggenheim Fellowship which enabled him to work with P.M.S. Blackett at Birkbeck College, London, on counter-controlled cloud chambers. He was enthusiastic about the scientific results that could be obtained using these new techniques to study the specific ionization and momentum of high energy cosmic rays.

With his student Dale Corson, who later became President of Cornell University, Brode was able to separate electrons, protons, and mesons and measure their masses.

World War II interrupted Brode's work with particles in cosmic rays. He went to the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and worked on the development of the proximity fuse. He then went to the Los Alamos Laboratory, and became a group leader for fusing.

David Judd, now a senior lecturer in the Department of Physics, describes some of the activities of Bob and Bernice Brode during that time:

“Many of my memories of that frantic period are jumbled, but a few are very clear. No one could possibly have had a more inspiring, demanding, and sympathetic boss under those remarkable conditions. Bob and Bernice were very outgoing and hospitable to young people. They enjoyed the New Mexico ambience when time allowed, and shared their experiences with their younger colleagues and friends. They enjoyed folk dancing to all hours on occasion. Bob played the flute in the local amateur symphony. The picture as I saw it was of a sincere, sophisticated but unaffected couple doing what they could to help others and maintain a civilized environment during a time of great stress. Bernice has written a charming extended account of this period in their lives which I commend to all who have not read it.”

Returning to Berkeley in 1946, Brode resumed his teaching and research in cosmic rays. He designed a cosmic ray detector built to fly in a B-29 at an altitude of 30,000 feet. He measured the east-west asymmetries at sea level and at 12,000 feet on the top of a mountain. But as he grew older, he was called upon for activities in the Federal Government, the Statewide Academic Council of the University, the Budget Committee and the Educational Policy Committee on the campus. He was a leader of the faculty against the “Oath” controversy.

Dean Lincoln Constance describes Brode's activities during these troubled times:

“In December 1948, Brode and I were appointed to the Senate Committee on Budget and Interdepartmental Relations to fill out unexpired terms. This

was the classroom in which I learned most of what I know about academic citizenship. Bob was both my classmate and my instructor, since he was more experienced than I in such matters. The period was a difficult one for the system of faculty government on which Berkeley had always prided itself. It was the era of McCarthyism and the Loyalty Oath, when old friendships were shattered and deep fissures of mistrust appeared between faculty and administration that have never, in my opinion, completely healed. It was also the time that the individual campuses were separating from the northern and southern divisions of the Academic Senate and establishing their independent local committees. There was real concern that University-wide standards might fall victim to irresistible local pressures. The brunt of the pressures fell upon the Budget Committee, which had to be at once sensitive, courageous, fair, and firm.

“In our first year together Brode and I often disagreed. Our arguments were friendly but sometimes heated; he did not abandon a position readily.

“In our second year Bob became a most successful chairman of the committee, bringing to that role his characteristic qualities of forthrightness, integrity, and deep concern for the welfare of the University and all its members. He was invariably well informed, patient, and fair. He could soothe the rumpled feathers of a dean, and still grill him as effectively as a district attorney. The welfare of the faculty was always a prime consideration. In the year of his chairmanship I found him easy to work with, perhaps because we both believed so profoundly that the governance of the University was too important to be left solely to the administration.”

Heavy though his administrative tasks were, his teaching and research were not neglected. Starting in June 1946 when he returned from Los Alamos, he was responsible for 19 successful students who earned their Ph.D. degrees. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1949, at the same time his identical twin Wallace, a chemist, was elected.

Brode's strong administrative skills brought appointments on numerous governmental agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, as well as the Board of Foreign Scholarships to which he was appointed by President J.F. Kennedy. In Berkeley he served as acting director of the Space Sciences Laboratory in 1964-65, and director of Education Abroad in the United Kingdom in 1965-67. He retired in 1967.

In Fall 1985, he was still well enough to sing as a retired member of the Monks of the Faculty Club, attending a rehearsal in November. It was one of his favorite annual activities, singing Christmas carols. Three months later the Monks sang at his memorial service.

He is survived by Bernice Hedley Bidwell whom he married on 16

September 1926, a son, John Brode of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and 3 grandchildren, Michel, David, and Dina.

William B. Fretter David L. Judd John N. Reynolds


Bertrand H. Bronson, English: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

The members of the Berkeley Department of English have lost by the death March 14, 1986 of Bertrand Harris Bronson, at the age of 83, a colleague whose style and grace, wit and wisdom, utterly dominated their imaginations almost from the time of his arrival in 1927 until his retirement in 1969, and long after during his emeritus years. His figure in our midst was unique, an important element in shaping our collegiality, and his disappearance casts in perspective the historical development of the English faculty whose present position in the very first rank nationally is so intimately connected with his tenure. Bronson was an extraordinarily wide-ranging scholar, whose work has a permanent place in several domains of English studies as well as in musicology. He was a “natural aristocrat,” of the sort Jefferson hoped would be at the center of national life.

He was an undergraduate at the University of Michigan (A.B., 1921), took a master's degree at Harvard (A.M., 1922), and the doctorate at Yale (Ph.D., 1927). Early in these studies he was marked out as a person who would have a role beyond the national scene when he was named a Rhodes scholar at Oriel College, Oxford, 1922-25, where he received first class honors, taking the B.D. degree in 1924 and the M.A. in 1929. In the course of his career at Berkeley, he was three times a Guggenheim Fellow, received honorary degrees from Laval University of Quebec (docteur des lettres, 1961), the University of Chicago (L.H.D., 1968), University of Michigan L.H.D., 1970), University of California (L.L.D., 1971) and honors from Yale University (Wilbur Cross Medal, 1970), Rice University (Medal of Honor, 1962), and the American Council of Learned Societies (Humanities Award, 1959).

His many literary studies in Chaucer and Johnson, in aspects of eighteenth-century literature and culture, and in the ballad and its music are widely known and valued. During his 20 years as an emeritus professor he continued his scholarly and critical activities, his last book, Johnson on Shakespeare, having been published only days after his death.


As a teacher he had, as he liked to say, four quills in his quiver, Chaucer, Shakespeare, Johnson and his age, and the musicology of the ballad, and he had devoted students in each of these domains. They honored him by two festschriften, The Ballad Image: Essays Presented to B. H. Bronson, edited by James Porter, Center for Comparative Study of Folklore and Mythology, UCLA, 1983; and Essays in Honor of B. H. Bronson, edited by Robert Maccubbin and Oliver Sigworth, Eighteenth Century Life, vol. 10, no. 3.

He married Mildred Sumner Kinsley in 1927, the year he received his doctorate from Yale and joined the Berkeley faculty. She survives him. Among the best known of his works are the following:

Joseph Ritson, Scholar-at-Arms, 1938; editor, That Immortal Garland, 1941; Johnson Agonistes and Other Essays, 1946; Music and Literature in England in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (with James E. Phillips), 1953; compiler, Catches and Glees of the Eighteenth Century, 1955; editor, Samuel Johnson: Rasselas, Poems and Selected Prose, 1958; Printing as an Index of Taste in the Eighteenth Century, 1958; editor, The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads: with their Texts, according to the extant records of Great Britain and America, four volumes, 1959-1972; In Search of Chaucer, 1960; The Singing Tradition of Child's Popular Ballards, 1975; Facets of the Enlightenment, 1968; The Ballad as Song, 1969; The Bronson Database, a comparative musical analysis of the Child song collection, 1982, and Johnson on Shakespeare, 1986.

J. Barish C. Muscatine J. Kerman J. Hart J. Traugott


Josiah Brown, Medicine: Los Angeles


Josiah Brown, loved and respected chief of endocrinology, deeply appreciated by students and colleagues at the UCLA School of Medicine, a gentle, kind and courageous man, died in a tragic accident in Brazil on August 30, 1985. He was internationally known as a physician, pioneer educator, and outstanding scientist, and his premature death was a shocking loss to the world of medicine and to all who knew him.

Joe was born on a farm in Utah. As a small child he came with his family to Los Angeles in 1927. In 1944 he received his A.B. degree from the University of California Los Angeles and went on to get his medical degree from UC San Francisco in 1947. After postgraduate training in internal medicine and pathology in San Francisco, Boston and Cincinnati, he decided on a research career and undertook intensive research training at the National Cancer Institute and the New England Center Hospital (Boston). He returned to UCLA in 1955, in the early days of the medical school, and played a major role in the growth and development of the new school.

His earliest scientific work included studies on the physiology of the thyroid as well as biochemical studies of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, with especially notable contributions to knowledge regarding the hexokinases.

His major research centered on the ambitious challenge to develop a cure for diabetes. In an outstanding series of 22 papers, Joe and his team described their work on fetal transplantation of the pancreas, including the surgical technique, the importance of the site of transplantation, the role of cryopreservation, how to encourage the growth of the transplant, its functional characteristics, the role of culture in vitro before transplantation and studies of the immunology of fetal tissue. Truly a tour de force, this body of work will have provided the foundation for all future efforts to use fetal pancreatic tissue as the transplant. Studies are actively continuing at UCLA, along with research on the transplantation of adult tissue. Inspired by Joe's commitment, a member of the local community formed a foundation

which has raised large amounts of money to support research directed at the cure of diabetes; this, too, is continuing as part of Joe's legacy to UCLA and to science.

Joe received numerous national and international acknowledgments for his outstanding work. He was an Honorary Fellow of the Courtauld Institute of Biochemistry, London, a Senior International Fellow of the Fogerty Foundation and was an invited lecturer to Peking, China. He was a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, The Endocrine Society, the American Diabetes Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Western Society for Clinical Investigation.

Joe stands for the best and the brightest in the American academic tradition. By giving generously of himself, he had a profound impact on students, patients, colleagues and on the world of science. He possessed all the qualities so necessary for serious scientific work--perseverance, patience, integrity and modesty. He was the boss, but never bossy; he would suggest, never impose; support, yet never control; encourage, never overpower. The source of his influence and personal force sprang from three deeply centered characteristics--integrity, courage, and humanism.

David Solomon Lawrence Freedman


Franz Buschke, Radiology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Franz Buschke was born on August 24, 1902 and died of a lingering illness on June 2, 1983. He is survived by his wife, Ruth, and four children.

Franz, the son of a professor of dermatology, was born in Berlin where he received a classic German education. He received his M.D. degree from the University of Berlin in 1927. Following an internship at the Westend Krankenhaus he studied Internal Medicine in Vienna and Berlin until 1932. His studies in Internal Medicine promoted and interest in gastrointestinal diseases, which, in turn, led to training in radiology with Hans Schintz in Zurich. Buschke's interest quickly shifted to the therapeutic side of radiology. At several major medical centers in Europe during the mid 1930s, therapeutic radiology was already beginning to separate from diagnostic radiology, a phenomenon which occurred much later in the United States. The background in internal medicine and diagnostic radiology played a significant role in Buschke's subsequent approach to the cancer patient. He was first and foremost a clinician who utilized advances in all branches of medicine, and only secondarily a user of ionizing radiation to treat neoplastic diseases.

In 1934 Franz moved to the Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where he practiced radiation therapy, or radiation oncology, as the specialty has subsequently become known. By 1938 he had joined the staff of the Chicago Tumor Institute which was then under the direction of Dr. Max Cutler, a cancer surgeon. Buschke and Cutler developed a highly satisfactory professional relationship and, perhaps most important, a friendship which lasted throughout their lifetimes. It was characteristic of Buschke that he had as many friends and close professional associates and collaborators among cancer surgeons doing cancer therapy as he did among radiation therapists. Buschke's goal in the treatment of each cancer patient was to offer the best treatment available. He became aware early in his career that this required close association between protagonists and practitioners of the various clinical disciplines involved in the care of such patients. During

Buschke's tenure at the Chicago Tumor Institute, he and Cutler wrote a book, Cancer, Its Diagnosis and Treatment, which was published in 1938 and was to become a classic textbook.

Shortly thereafter Franz Buschke migrated to the Swedish Hospital in Seattle where he joined Simeon T. Cantril. Together they developed the Swedish Tumor Institute into one of a half dozen major radiation therapy centers in the U.S. The Institute had recently acquired a “supervoltage” x-ray therapy machine (800 KVP). Buschke and Cantril carefully observed the results obtained with this high-energy machine. Subsequently, their experience with this form of radiotherapy was critically reviewed and formed the basis for the book entitled, Supervoltage Roentgen Therapy published in 1950.

In 1956, Franz Buschke was recruited to direct the Radiation Therapy program of the Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco. His stated goal when he accepted the appointment was to develop a superior clinical radiation therapy treatment center and training program at UCSF. He was convinced, and rightly so, that few high quality treatment and training programs existed in U.S. medical schools. Under his guidance the groundwork was laid for what has become one of the outstanding programs in the world today. Buschke's chief contributions were in the areas of patient treatment, clinical assessment of treatment results and training of the next generation of radiation oncologists. The addition of laboratory science, chiefly in the form of radiobiology, was to come later.

During the course of his career, Franz Buschke received many honors. Among these was the Presidency of the American Society of Therapeutic Radiologists. He received the Gold Medal of the ASTR and the Janeway Medal of the American Radium Society. The Radiation Oncology Department at UCSF established an annual Franz Buschke lectureship shortly after his retirement in 1970.

In addition to his professional achievements, Buschke was a well rounded individual with a strong background in literature and the arts. He was an accomplished violinist and enjoyed all forms of classical music, ranging from string quartets to major opera. To each of his activities he brought a sense of humor and intellectual wit. He will be remembered and revered by those fortunate enough to have had their lives and professional careers touched by association with him.

Glenn E. Sheline


Berry Campbell, Physiology and Biophysics: Irvine

Professor Emeritus

Berry Campbell was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, March 21, 1912. At the completion of his high school education in Monrovia, California, he matriculated at UCLA and received his bachelor of arts degree in 1932. He was awarded the doctorate degree in anatomy at Johns Hopkins University in 1935 and thus began a distinguished academic career spanning 42 years.

Berry's first faculty appointment was at the University of Oklahoma School of Medicine (1937-1942). From 1943 to 1958, he served as associate professor of anatomy, University of Minnesota Medical School and was promoted to full professor in 1958. At that time Berry and his family returned to the West Coast, and from 1959 to 1966 he served as research professor of neurosurgery, Loma Linda Medical School. He joined the faculty of the California College of Medicine as professor of physiology in 1966. He was acting chair of physiology from 1970 to 1971 and continued as professor until 1977, when he retired as professor emeritus.

Throughout his career, Berry's research activities reflected considerable breadth in the biological sciences. He made outstanding contributions in comparative myology of the human forelimb and foot, distribution of potential fields within the spinal cord, histamine shock, the origin of bone plasma cells, mechanisms of inflammation, antigen-antibody mechanisms in neurotropicvirus diseases, origin and medical use of antibodies in milk, and myelin protein in multiple sclerosis. These researches resulted in over 140 publications.

Berry's scholarly activities included active participation in over 14 societies, including the American Academy of Neurology, American Association of Anatomists, American Physiological Society, New York Academy of Sciences, American Society of Mamalogists, and the Association for the History of Medicine.

During his distinguished career Berry received a number of important awards, including a fellowship from the Guggenheim Foundation, an honorary

fellowship in anatomy at University College, London, and a fellowship from the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Throughout his career, Berry remained active as a teacher with expertise in medical histology, anatomy, and neuroanatomy. He trained several students for the doctorate, who have subsequently made important contributions to various disciplines within the basic sciences of medicine.

One of the highlights of Berry Campbell's career was the responsibility of organizing a program of instruction for medical students in the California College of Medicine during its early stages of growth. As a result of this program, a number of distinguished physiologist (including past presidents of the American Physiological Society) visited the campus and subsequently made the new medical school at Irvine known well beyond the boundaries of California.

Berry Campbell retired in 1977 and remained active as professor emeritus working with the Center for Marital and Sexual Studies.

Berry Campbell died on November 21, 1985, a loss to all those who knew him as a cheery, witty, and giving person. He leaves his wife, Irene, and four children, Carolyn, John, Richard, and Catheryn.

Stephen H. White Kenneth M. Baldwin


Julius Hiram Comroe Jr., Physiology: San Francisco

Morris Hertzstein Professor of Biology, Emeritus

Julius Comroe was born in York, Pennsylvania, the second son of a primary physician and a mother who was a schoolteacher. In 1931 he received his A.B. from the University of Pennsylvania, entered medical school there, and obtained his M.D. in 1934. In 1936 he joined the Department of Pharmacology as an instructor. His interest in the mechanisms and control of breathing resulted in seminal work with Carl Schmidt on the carotid and aortic chemoreceptors and their role in regulating breathing. A brilliant researcher and administrator, he was appointed at the age of 35 years as professor and chairman of the newly formed Department of Physiology and Pharmacology in the Graduate School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Under his guidance the department achieved an international reputation in the field of respiratory physiology.

While building up his department, he continued to work on the regulation of breathing, investigating the reflex control of rate and depth of breathing during exercise, the effects of various drugs on breathing, and the effects of breathing oxygen on the cardiovascular system. With his colleague Robert Dripps of the Department of Anesthesia, he demonstrated the inefficiency of the method of manual artificial respiration in use at that time, and set the stage for the physiological studies that culminated in the widespread use of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

His interest in basic science was paralleled by his belief that physiology is the handmaiden of clinical medicine, and he and his colleagues developed instruments and methods that could be used simply and effectively in evaluating respiratory performance in health and disease. In fact, many modern pulmonary function tests are based on the work done in his department in the 1940s and 1950s.

In 1957 Julius Comroe came to the University of California at San Francisco to head the newly formed Cardiovascular Research Institute. As

director of the Institute and professor of physiology, he continued to do research on pulmonary function, but he devoted most of his time to developing an internationally famous training program for postdoctoral students in medicine and physiology. He emphasized the interdisciplinary nature of science, and the Institute included in its program research in fields as diverse as histology, muscle biochemistry, anesthesia, renal function, neuroanatomy, lipoprotein biochemistry, and developmental biology. He recruited an outstanding faculty, raised funds to support an expanding research and training program, and established an atmosphere of scholarship that helped to change the face of the San Francisco campus. A formidable advocate, he opposed entrenched and conservative ideas, and championed the importance of research in clinical departments. He helped to improve the academic stature of UCSF, attract new departmental chairmen, and facilitate the emergence of UCSF as a major biosciences center.

He made important contributions to the growth of physiological sciences and medical education, both in California and throughout the United States. One of his significant insights was the notion of attracting bright young surgeons to spend one or more years doing basic research, thereby helping to promote the rapid advance of academic surgery.

His lecturing technique was superb, and he successfully conducted courses in the Art of Lecturing that were capable of turning even the worst tyros into competent speakers, though few ever achieved his standards. His writing was on a par with his lecturing, and it combined clarity of thought and expression with a deceptive simplicity of style. His books, The Lung (1955, 1962) and Physiology of Respiration (1965, 1974), are classics. He also developed the series Physiology for Physicians (which he edited for three years) that helped to promote basic physiology as a major part of the education of a doctor. For five years (1966-1970) he edited Circulation Research, the leading journal of basic cardiovascular research.

While director of the Cardiovascular Research Institute, Julius Comroe had a nationwide influence on biomedical research through his service on the National Advisory Heart Council (1963-1967) and again when it became the National Heart and Lung Advisory Council (1970-1974). He was also a member of the Board of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences (1967-1970) and was later on the Executive Committee of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. In fact, he played an important part in the expansion of the National Heart Institute into the National Heart and Lung Institute and also in the formation of the Institute of Medicine. He was a member of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the National Institutes of Health, and a member of the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee of the National Academy of Sciences.

In 1973 Julius Comroe retired as director of the Cardiovascular Research

Institute and was appointed Morris Herzstein Professor of Biology at UCSF. He turned his attention to evaluating the idea, pushed by the Department of Defense and by President Johnson, that goal-oriented contract research is more productive than basic, undirected research. With his former colleague, Robert Dripps, he set out to collect objective data on how the major clinical advances in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases had come about. Among these were cardiopulmonary bypass, drug treatment of hypertension, and the development of intensive care units. These studies, published in 1976, showed that at a conservative estimate 40% of all advances responsible for these clinical successes were the result of basic investigations, the practical applications of which were not predicted. Comroe continued to explore the history of medical research and the lessons to be learned from it, and many of his conclusions were published in his immensely popular column “Retrospectroscope” in the American Review of Respiratory Diseases while he was an associate editor (1973-1979) and in his last book, Exploring the Heart, published in 1983.

Julius Comroe's contribution to education and research were recognized by many honorary degrees, awards, and honors. These included an honorary M.D. from the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm; honorary fellowships of the Royal Society of Medicine and the Royal College of Physicians of London, and of the American College of Cardiology and the American College of Physicians; honorary membership in the Physiological Society of London; and membership in the National Academy of Sciences (USA), the Institute of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Physiological Society of which he was president, 1960-1961. He received the Research Achievement Award of the American Heart Association in 1968, the Trudeau Medal of the American Lung Association in 1974, the Gold Heart Award of the American Heart Association in 1975, the Jessie Stevenson Kovalenko Medal of the National Academy of Sciences in 1976, the American College of Physicians Award in 1977, the Ray C. Daggs Award of the American Physiological Society in 1977, and the Eugenio Morelli International Award for Pneumology of L'Academia Dei Lincei in 1979.

Despite his eminence, Julius Comroe was always considerate of his associates and students. Soon after he came to San Francisco, he realized that the spouses of new trainees and fellows who had recently moved to the Cardiovascular Research Institute were often painfully isolated in their environment. To help them, he made a point at the beginning of each academic year of having a large party at his home to which the families were invited; at these gatherings introductions and friendships were made that eased the transition for many families. In this and countless other ways, he showed his commitment to people as well as to science, and was repaid with the love and admiration of all who knew him well.


He is survived by his wife, Jeanette; his daughter, Joan; two grandchildren; and his sister, Joan Rosenbaum.

J.A. Clements R.J. Havel J.I.E. Hoffman J.F. Murray J.A. Nadel A.M. Rudolph N.C. Staub


Stuart C. Cullen, Anesthesia: San Francisco


Stuart C. Cullen's career ended with his death on August 11, 1979. His career was one of distinction not only to the University of California but to his local community and the national and international academic medical world. “Stu” was born, reared and educated in Wisconsin, where he received his M.D. in 1933. After a brief attempt at private medical practice in that time of great financial stress, he elected to enter a then new and controversial medical specialty--the exclusive practice of anesthesia. He went to N.Y.U. and Bellevue Hospital in New York City for his training, from which he emerged as one of the world's pioneer anesthesiologists. From 1938 until his retirement in 1973, he was at the forefront in the teaching, research and administration which developed this specialty and supported many of the innovations of companion specialities.

Specific milestones attesting to his contributions are the development of two distinguished teaching departments, first at the University of Iowa and then at the University of California, San Francisco, to which he came in 1958. His creativity was apparent as his Iowa department was among the first to explore specific organ toxicity of anesthetic agents, development of respiratory care units, the effects of neurotransmitters injected into the subarachnoid space and the effects of anesthetic agents in cellular respiration, all done before World War II. His support for and promotion of research continued throughout his career and his UCSF Anesthesia Department became the most productive in the world.

Dr. Cullen's capabilities were recognized nationally by his appointments to and involvement with the National Research Council Committee in Anesthesia, National Institutes of Health Study sections, the American Board of Anesthesiology, and as a founding member of the Association of University Anesthetists.

In 1950, the World Health Organization chose him as one of three physicians to organize an international course in anesthesia to train practitioners and teachers for war-torn and underdeveloped nations. This course remained active until 1975.


Even with these accomplishments, those who worked with him will claim that his greatest contribution was as a teacher and role model. World renown and administrative burdens failed to keep him from the clinical environment where he remained as a provocative, effective and kind teacher. Fourteen of his residents occupied chairs of university departments and two became medical school deans. Many others held and continue to hold full-time academic posts. His son, Bruce, followed in his footsteps and became professor and chair of the Department of Anesthesia at UC, Irvine.

In 1966, he was appointed dean of the UCSF School of Medicine and the same commitment and effort which had taken the Department of Anesthesia from obscurity to renown led the medical school through the troubled times of the late 60s. During this time the school underwent extensive liberalization of the curriculum and developed a very effective affirmative action program. In 1970, he left the dean's office to resume his role as the most effective teacher in the department.

Following his retirement, he assumed a more active role in community service. He was elected supervisor in Belvedere, California, was a member of the Bay Area Pollution Control Board, continued to serve on UCSF committees and was serving as Mayor of Belvedere at the time of his death.

He effected his message by personal example, and a direct approach which was free of arrogance and avoided embarrassment or intimidation. He waged a persistent battle against dogma and stereotyped instruction. He wanted his department to produce perennial students who could ask answerable questions as opposed to those who knew answers. His success in doing this is evidenced not only by accomplishment of his students but the affection and respect which his students and colleagues developed.

He received recognition from a variety of professional societies here and abroad and received UCSF's highest distinction, the UCSF Medal, in February 1979.

William K. Hamilton Charles T. Carman John W. Severinghaus


Charles Dalziel, Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

After receiving a B.S. degree from the then Electrical Engineering Department of the University of California, Berkeley, Charles Dalziel took a job with the General Electric Company, subsequently transferring to the San Diego Gas and Electric Company. He joined the Berkeley E.E. Department in 1932, and by 1935 had added the M.S. and E.E. degree from Berkeley. He retired as a full Professor Emeritus in 1967 but continued to be active with the department, consulting, and publishing technical papers until the late 1970s, when failing health forced him to slow down.

Professor Dalziel taught courses in power systems. He was respected by students not only for the course technical content, but also the liberal doses of practical advice on engineering practice and ethics which came with the course. He served as adviser to the Electrical Engineering Student Society, UCSEE, for years. His summer-session seminar on electric-power systems was famous with the students. It consisted of a series of visits by automobile to electrical power-generating plants distributed mostly up and down the Sierra, and it included informal lectures on electric power generation and distribution, plus even less formal campouts and fishing on the lakes formed by power dams.

Dalziel made a particular effort to welcome and assist new faculty members in the department. His particular research interest was in power systems, but a chance event diverted him to a new area. Faculty of the Davis campus enlisted Professor Dalziel's aid in developing an electric insect trap. Thus was started a lifelong interest in the effect of electric shock on living creatures, starting with barnyard flies and progressing to livestock, and ultimately to humans.

Even then, research on the effect of electric shock on humans was a very sensitive area. Dalziel, using unique methods of persuasion, extreme care and rigorous methods of testing, amassed a large amount of data from a wide range of tests on approximately 200 volunteers of both sexes and

a range of ages. These data provided an excellent source of information on the physiological effects of electric shock, and Dalziel soon became a world authority on the subject.

In 1944, Dalziel took leave from the University to serve as the chief technical aid, division 13, National Defense Research Committee, Office of Scientific Research and Development. He served in this capacity until the committee was dissolved at the end of World War II.

As a result of the dissemination of his research papers on electric shock, his services became in constant demand as a lecturer, as a member of commissions, and as a reviewer of specific cases of death or injury from electrical shock. From the reviews he came to realize that the commonest cause of such deaths came from ordinary household circuits under the malfunction known as “ground-fault.” His research objective then became to create a device which would interrupt a ground-fault current before it became large enough to cause human physiological damage. The sensitivity, speed of action, reliability, small size, and small cost required made the device almost impossible to design.

However, in 1965 Dalziel received a patent for a “ground-fault current interrupter” that would interrupt current before it grew to five-thousandths of an ampere and that was small, reliable, and inexpensive. The device was based on a magnetic circuit plus a then newly developed semiconductor device.

Subsequently, the National Electric Code was modified to require that this device be installed in electric circuits in all bathrooms, kitchens, swimming pools, and outdoor electric circuits in all new construction and extensive modifications of older constructions.

Dalziel's contributions to electrical safety have been widely recognized. He has received commendation from the State of California, elevation to Fellow of the IEEE, the Power Life Award (the Power Engineering Society's highest award) and the IEEE-IGA outstanding achievement award for contributions to industrial safety and from the UC Engineering College the Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award. However, the ground-fault interrupters installed in electrical systems all over the world are probably the most permanent form of recognition of his services to society.

Dalziel married Helen Bradford in 1931. A daughter, Isabelle, resulted from this union. In 1963 Helen Dalziel succumbed to cancer. Charles married Alice Johl Lundberg in 1969. Dalziel was felled by a stroke in 1979, but his strong determination combined with skillful and loving care by his wife Alice resulted in his again being up and around for nearly seven more years before the end of his life.

D.J. Angelakos A.M. Hopkin J.R. Whinnery


Troy Cook Daniels, Pharmaceutical Chemistry: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Troy Cook Daniels, dean emeritus of the School of Pharmacy, died on February 9, 1985, bringing to an end a lifetime of service to the profession of pharmacy and pharmacy education. During a period of profound changes in pharmacy education in the United States, he became recognized as a leading figure for advancing the professional role for pharmacists. His important contributions could be attributed, in large part, to the curricular changes he initiated at his own institution that led to the preeminence of the School of Pharmacy and it becoming a model for other schools.

Troy Daniels graduated with the bachelor of science degree in pharmacy from the University of Michigan in 1923 and accepted an interim teaching appointment at the Washington State College in Pullman, Washington, where he taught pharmacy and pharmaceutical chemistry. Subsequently, he returned to the Midwest and received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Indiana University in 1928. He then accepted a call from the California College of Pharmacy in San Francisco. Located at its present site on Parnassus Heights since 1898, the college was then affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley. Under affiliation the college was financed and managed by an independent board of trustees, and the degree was conferred by the University. Full integration into the University occurred in 1934.

When Troy Daniels came to San Francisco in 1929, the college offered either a two- or three-year program in pharmacy. Most students enrolled in the two-year curriculum, which required half-a-day attendance several days a week, permitting them to engage in full-time employment. The courses were taught by practicing pharmacists who had received their education in similar programs. At the end of the course, graduates took the State Board examination. However, a five-year apprenticeship without college attendance also qualified prospective pharmacists to take the examination. During these early years the school was not accredited, but

Troy Daniels lived to see the fruits of his innovation when, soon after World War II, the school by consensus became, and is considered to be the outstanding School of Pharmacy in the nation.

Troy Daniels' initial academic appointment was as assistant professor of pharmacy. In 1933, he was promoted and his title was changed to professor of pharmaceutical chemistry. This change of appointment coincided with action strengthening the subject of pharmaceutical chemistry in the curriculum, in which he was the prime mover. In 1934, a four-year baccalaureate program in pharmacy was instituted, and in 1958, the program was changed to a six-year program leading to the doctor of pharmacy degree, consisting of two years of prepharmacy at a general campus and four years of professional study in the School of Pharmacy in San Francisco. If imitation is indeed the sincerest form of flattery, the fact that all 72 U.S. colleges of pharmacy have either adopted or are now considering a similar program, some thirty years later, is an indication of the position Troy Daniels held in determining the course of pharmaceutical education.

Early in his career, Troy Daniels developed a philosophy, relative to pharmacy education, which he maintained throughout his career. He emphasized the concept that a pharmacist has a unique service to offer, based upon familiarity with the physical and chemical properties of medicinal agents and the mechanisms by which they exert their therapeutic and toxic actions. Furthermore, he proposed that the best way for pharmacy students to receive such training was to have the basic science courses in the physical and biological sciences taught by instructors who are experts in the particular discipline. As a result of his insistence, people with doctorates in organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, physics, plant physiology, human anatomy, physiology, microbiology, pathology, and parasitology were added either as full- or part-time faculty members of the School of Pharmacy. Such an approach was highly unusual, if not unique, in the early 1930s. Today it is the normal pattern in all schools of pharmacy.

Troy Daniels also had a strong impact on graduate education in pharmaceutical chemistry. In 1939, he helped to establish a program that led to the M.S. and Ph.D. in pharmaceutical chemistry which has since grown from three students to 64. Recognizing the connection between the physical and chemical properties of drugs and their biological activities, the graduate program was and continues to be interdisciplinary in nature, requiring competence in both physical and biological sciences. The wisdom of this approach was demonstrated in 1960 when the school was awarded one of the first three NIH training grants in pharmaceutical chemistry. And when, in 1962, the American Pharmaceutical Association Foundation established research achievement awards in five selected fields, three of the first recipients recognized were from the San Francisco faculty. During his tenure as dean, several other faculty members and graduate students received the Ebert

Prize for the most outstanding research published in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. His many scientific research papers and his pioneering chapter on the mechanism of drug action in the most widely used text in pharmaceutical chemistry further testify to his personal involvement in research and graduate education.

Troy Daniels became dean of the college in 1944, having served as assistant dean for seven years. He was clearly the leader of the faculty and was in contact with pharmacy practitioners and educators throughout the country. In those interactions with others, he quickly proved himself and took leadership roles in a number of organizations. He was a member of the American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA) from 1927 until his death, serving as chairman of the House of Delegates in 1956-57, as a member of the board of trustees of the APhA Foundation from 1963 to 1969, as a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences from 1959 to 1966, and was made honorary president in 1967-68. He served as president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy in 1952-53, and as a member of the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education (the agency which accredits schools of pharmacy) from 1945 to 1953. He was a member of the board of trustees of the first prepaid prescription insurance plan which grew to be the largest service organization of its type in the world.

In 1962, he was the first recipient of the APhA Foundation Achievement Award for the Advancement of Pharmacy. In 1967, both the University of California and his alma mater, the University of Michigan, bestowed upon him the honorary doctoral degree.

After World War II, he was one of five members of the APhA delegation invited to Japan to assist them in rebuilding the pharmaceutical education system in that country. As a consequence, he was made one of the few foreign members of the Japanese Pharmaceutical Association and was held in high regard by pharmaceutical educators throughout Japan. After his retirement, Dean Emeritus Daniels remained active in national and international committees as consultant to the pharmaceutical industry and as an author. He also carried out various assignments for the University.

The influence of Troy Daniels was such that he was the personification of pharmacy in all its facets during more than half a century. He was a leader who maintained his leadership by friendly persuasion and personal involvement with each of the people with whom he worked. Anger and outbursts of disapproval were generally foreign to his nature. He was a warmhearted and caring man; though he was not without opponents in his many forays, he had no enemy. To the faculty he was pater familias, and throughout his career he enjoyed the enduring respect, loyalty, and affection of his faculty and staff. Although he retired as dean almost two decades ago, his presence was always with us, and his concern for those who

worked with him never abated. On the occasion of his retirement as dean, the then president of the American Pharmaceutical Association spoke for all who knew him when he said: “It is a joy to honor you, Troy. But we do it with regret, for we know that an uncommon man like you will not soon come among us again.”

J.E. Goyan J.C. Craig E.L. Way


Hamilton S. Davis, Anesthesiology: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Hamilton Davis, “Ham” to his friends and colleagues, was one of those rare individuals whose sense of humor was as great as his sense of duty. The diligence and tenacity with which he pursued his goals was always tempered with kindness and the ability to laugh, especially at himself. His professional interests exceeded his specialized field of anesthesiology, in which he excelled, to include all aspects of medicine, particularly the history of medicine. Personally, his abiding interest was his wife and family, to whom he was devoted. This devotion was particularly evident in his continued support and concern for his partially disabled younger brother. However, his compassion extended far outside the family and was exhibited by his generous, charitable support of numerous social causes and his impatience with discrimination in any form.

A large part of Hamilton's wide range of interests was the result of his “growing up” in a combined academic and sports environment. His parents, Karl E. and Sophia Davis were closely involved in collegiate athletics. Ham's father was athletic director at Western Reserve University and the University of Pittsburgh. Undoubtedly this exposure accounts for the fact that as a student at Colgate University Ham was both the president of his class and an honorable mention All-American end on the football team coached by Andy Kerr. His academic achievements were not impeded by these numerous campus activities, and he graduated from Colgate cum laude in 1942. Ham remained active in Colgate alumni affairs for his entire life, and he was the recipient of Colgate's “Maroon Citation” in 1967 as a distinguished alumnus.

Following graduation from Colgate, he was accepted at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine in 1942 and graduated in 1945. After internship at Grasslands Hospital in New York, the young Davis entered the military service and was assigned to duty at Camp Lee, Virginia. It was here that his interest in medicine was distracted by a pretty, pleasant, and efficient army nurse, Marjorie Jean Wright. This meeting, we are told, took place

during a game of pool in the Officers' Club and explains the presence of a pool table in Dr. Davis' house for many years in Davis.

Following his discharge from the U.S. Army in 1946, Davis returned to Grasslands Hospital, Valhalla, New York for his anesthesia residency. Then, after a year of private practice in Grand Junction, Colorado, Ham was enticed back to Western Reserve University as the director of the Anesthesia Service at Lakeside Hospital, where he remained from 1953 to 1966. In September of that year, he became one of the founders of the new medical school at the University of California, Davis, when he was named professor and chairman of its Department of Anesthesiology. He retired as chairman of the department in 1982 but continued working as a professor of anesthesiology until his retirement and onset of his illness in 1985.

Ham was nationally and internationally known and respected in the Society of Anesthesiologists. He was a member of numerous societies and was a strong supporter of the American College of Anesthesiology. In that group he had been instrumental, as a member of the Board of Governors and chairman of the Oral Examination Committee, in upgrading its examination system so that certification by that organization became recognized as evidence of clinical competence in anesthesia. He was also chairman of the Standards Committee of the American Society of Anesthesiologists and played a central role in standardization of much of the presently used anesthesia and respiratory therapy equipment. Davis' service, teaching, and clinical activities at the University of California, Davis are far too numerous to list. Of central importance, however, was his chairmanship of the Curriculum Committee, and his contributions to the original “core” curriculum of the new School of Medicine were of inestimable value. His experience from Western Reserve University served him well in his role in development of the new school. Western Reserve was one of the first schools in the world to initiate a “core curriculum,” and its success was subsequently emulated by others. Ham was also a member of the surgical division's coordinating committee and of the Medical Center's Education and Operating Room Committees, as well as a member of numerous other medical-education committees. He was elected chief of staff at the University of California, Davis, Sacramento Medical Center in 1980-81. In the education and training of anesthesiology residents, Ham, a perfectionist himself, demanded perfection. However, he never asked more of his residents and staff than he contributed. He never permitted shortcuts or compromises that might jeopardize the welfare of the patients.

Ham's early clinical research interests were concerned with the management of respiratory problems in patients with poliomyelitis. He later worked with Dr. Hingson in mass inoculations of poliomyelitis and other vaccines via jet injector. He published extensively on the effects of anesthetic agents

on the reticular activating system and the effects of anesthesia and shock on intermediate metabolism. His most recent investigations and, unfortunately, ones that had not been completed prior to his untimely death in 1986, were investigations into malignant hyperthermia, a bane of the anesthesiologist's existence.

Ham was constantly a champion of the underprivileged and disadvantaged. Indeed, this aspect of his character was evident long before liberal causes were fashionable. Early in his career he directed a well-baby clinic in a rural ghetto, worked on community economic commissions and welfare consults, and frequently spent part of his vacations working as a camp physician. Ham and Marge were always ready to help and, indeed, to take distressed individuals into their home. A tribute to Dr. Davis printed in the Journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society in 1973 concluded with the following statement, “As long as there are physicians like Hamilton S. Davis in the field of anesthesiology, the specialty need not concern itself with the image it projects to medical students or to anyone else.” We can add little to this statement.

Robert J. Bolt John H. Eisele Jr. John A. Reitan


Seymour Dayton, Medicine: San Diego

Associate Dean

Seymour Dayton was born in New York City January 15, 1923. He received his A.B. degree from Cornell University in 1942 and his M.D. from New York State University in 1950. After an internship at Maimonides Hospital in Brooklyn he served as a resident in medicine at the Goldwater Memorial Hospital for a year and then did research at that institution for two years before moving to California. At UCLA he completed his residency training in medicine, joined the faculty and quickly rose to be a professor of medicine and vice-chairman of the Department of Medicine. He was chief of the medical service at the VA Wadsworth Hospital Center from 1968 to 1978, when he moved to La Jolla as chief of staff of the VA Medical Center and associate dean for VA affairs.

Dr. Dayton was a true pioneer in the field of atherosclerosis research. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, working with Forrest Kendall and Sam Hashimoto at the Goldwater Memorial Laboratory, he carried out some of the very earliest studies on the turnover of cholesterol in the artery wall and on the effects of dietary fats on cholesterol metabolism on atherosclerosis. During his research career he published over 60 papers on various aspects of cholesterol metabolism, the effects of diet on blood lipid levels and the metabolism of the arterial wall. Perhaps his most important contribution was the successful completion of a large intervention trial to evaluate the possibility that correction of hypercholesterolemia by dietary means would reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. That study, carried out with his collaborators at the Wadsworth VA Hospital, was one of the first to demonstrate that control of plasma cholesterol levels could indeed decrease the risk of coronary heart disease. It was a landmark study, widely quoted and an important basis for much research that followed.

Dayton was a model experimentalist, careful in the design of his studies and more critical than anybody else in the evaluation of their results. He had a keen eye for the scientific question that was worth asking and he had the knack of picking the right experimental tools with which to answer

it. He also had uncompromising integrity. When it appeared that there might have been an increase in the incidence of cancers in patients treated with a diet rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, he immediately published a note warning about this possibility even though the increase was not statistically significant. Subsequent evaluation, with pooling of data from other studies of the same kind, showed that there really was no increase in risk.

When he accepted the position of chief of staff at the VA Hospital in La Jolla, he decided to set aside his personal research career and devote all his energies to science administration. This was another example of the integrity of the man. He felt that to do his best in his new position would require his full devotion and he decided to focus all of his attention on it. He did it superbly well. During the years in La Jolla he earned the respect and admiration of all of his colleagues. He was a remarkable stabilizing influence, setting an example with respect to wisdom, judgment and integrity. He was always impartial, calm, and possessed of the facts. Even the most irate staff person could promptly achieve an audience, be greeted with equanimity, have his or her problem put in perspective, and leave with the feeling that he or she had been fairly dealt with, that solutions would be pursued and that there was not so much to be irate about after all. These are accomplishments which few administrators can emulate. They require great self confidence, intelligence, and wisdom. He had a major impact on the growth and the current stature of the La Jolla VA.

He was a superb clinician and loved clinical medicine. He valued his role as physician and looked forward to leaving the administrator's office to care for patients on the general medicine wards. In these duties he was faithful and indefatigable. When he was attending, he would often be seen en route back to the wards at the end of the day to write notes he hadn't had time to write during rounds and to see patients he had not been able to spend enough time with in the morning. He not only had the skills for caring for patients but also the talent to teach the house staff while doing so. Such skills and talents are at a premium in medicine and not easily replaceable. They will be sorely missed.

It is said that to obtain full enrichment and to be fully successful in life one must be happy on two fronts--at work and with one's love. Sy Dayton excelled at both. At work his intellectual curiosity resulted in a productive 20-year career in research. At home, Sy and his beloved wife Joan enjoyed a deep and abiding love and mutual respect. They shared a tremendous pride in their two children, Ted and Beth. They took great pride in seeing Ted grow and mature at the Brook Institute of Photography in Santa Barbara and then develop his own successful commercial photography business. Beth entered the banking world in San Francisco where she is rapidly climbing the corporate ladder. Sy tended to be soft spoken and quiet, but

when asked about his family his eyes would brighten and he would start talking with animation, enthusiasm and love. Sy also had a great deal of love for others--including his colleagues at the institutions where he worked. His ever-present wisdom, unerring integrity and stability and his genuine warmth will be deeply missed by us all.

William G.M. Hardison J. William Hollingsworth Daniel Steinberg


William Callahan Deamer, Pediatrics: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

William Callahan Deamer was born in San Francisco in 1902 into a family that had arrived in California from Ireland in 1849. He attended the University of California in Berkeley, graduating with an A.B. degree in 1923 and went on to the University of California School of Medicine receiving his M.D. degree in 1927. His training in pediatrics was obtained at Bellevue Hospital in New York, at the Kinderklinink in Vienna and at Yale University in New Haven. In 1930 at the age of 28 Bill Deamer was appointed to the UCSF School of Medicine faculty as an instructor in the Department of Pediatrics. He remained with the University for a period of 47 years; attaining emeritus status in 1970, he continued to head the pediatric allergy clinic, to teach and to see patients for another seven years. Bill Deamer served as chairman of the department for a 14-year period (1944-1958), a time immediately after World War II during which he led the Department of Pediatrics through a move from the old UC Hospital to Moffitt Hospital and the accompanying expansion of faculty and house staff.

Professor Deamer's knowledge and interest in pediatrics was exceptionally broad but his special field was pediatric allergy. He founded the Pediatric Allergy Clinic in 1935, directed the Pediatric Allergy Training Program for many years and had a good many pediatric allergists practicing in California and elsewhere. He served as chairman of the Sub-Board of Pediatric Allergy between 1957 and 1962. His special interest was in the role of food allergy; his work in this and other areas was recognized by the Bret Ratner Award for outstanding contributions to the field of pediatric allergy. Deamer belonged to many national and regional pediatric organizations, among them the American Pediatric Society, the Society for Pediatric Research and many others. His many publications are mostly in the field of allergy. A special feature fondly remembered by all participants was the week-long annual allergy workshop which included field trips to identify allergic grasses, and allergy free meals in the Deamer household.

The experience of a home visit led by Deamer combined scientific inquiry, family and patient education, and the spirit of a treasure hunt for offending allergens. In the latter years he was joined and assisted by Oscar (Lee) Frick in this and other enterprises dealing with allergy. While chairman, Deamer was responsible for recruiting several of the senior faculty currently working in the department. Deamer was always recognized as a man of integrity and character in the good old fashioned sense of those words.

Throughout his life Bill Deamer was an active tennis player, skier, and lover of California mountains, interests and activities he shared with his wife of 50 years, Elinor. They had celebrated their golden anniversary a few months before his death; they were on a 50th anniversary visit to Vienna when Professor Deamer succumbed to a heart attack aboard a tour boat on the Danube. In addition to his wife, Bill Deamer is survived by a son, Bartley of San Francisco, daughters Kathleen Deamer of Point Richmond and Margaret Deamer of New York City, a sister Helen Rend of Palo Alto and many devoted students of pediatrics and pediatric allergy.

Moses Grossman Donald L. Fink Mary B. Olney Eleanor Taylor Louise A. Yeazell


Robert William Desmond, Journalism: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Robert W. Desmond was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on July 31, 1900 and died in La Jolla on December 21, 1985.

Desmond, first chairman of the Department of Journalism at Berkeley, joined the faculty in 1939 and served as chairman for more than 15 years. He was a member of the faculty until his retirement in 1968. He was a pioneer in the study of world press history and international communications.

He graduated from the University of Wisconsin, attended the School of International Studies in Switzerland, and earned an M.A. degree at the University of Minnesota and a Ph.D. at the London School of Economics and Political Science.

His Ph.D. dissertation, “The Press and World Affairs” , served as a standard reference work and text for 40 years.

As a teacher, Desmond influenced generations of journalism students. They recall him with affection for his warmth, good humor, and friendliness.

Desmond worked on some of the nation's best-known newspapers--the Louisville Courier-Journal, the New York Times, Miami Herald, Paris edition of the New York Herald, and the Christian Science Monitor. After his retirement in 1968, he worked briefly for the San Francisco Chronicle and was active on the staff of the San Diego Union for more than five years.

Before joining the Berkeley faculty he taught at the University of Minnesota, the University of Michigan, and the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University.

While on leave of absence during World War II, Desmond reached the rank of major in the Army and also served in the Office of War Information. Later he served in the United Nations Information Office.

He received three Fulbright lectureships to universities in Amsterdam, Baghdad, and Teheran. He also lectured at the University of Strasbourg, where he helped found the Center for Advanced Study of Journalism.

He served as a member of the UNESCO Committee on Technical Needs of the Mass Media and worked with the International Press Institute in Zurich and as a consultant on press matters for the Encyclopedia Americana.


At the time of his death, he was working on the fifth volume of a series of works on international news reporting. Three of the titles--Tides of War, Windows on the World, and Crisis and Conflict--each received distinguished service awards from the Society of Professional Journalists (Sigma Delta Chi). Tides of War received the Frank Luther Mott-Kappa Tau Alpha award for the best research volume on journalism for 1985.

The first volume, The Information Process, published by the University of Iowa Press in 1978, was described by one reviewer as “the most important contribution in the field of journalism history in the past ten years.”

His research blazed a new trail in scholarship by dealing with social, political and economic events that affected the development of the press throughout the world. By adopting a world focus and illuminating critical areas of political and technological influence over world news flow, he made a remarkable contribution to the literature in the field of press history.

He is survived by his wife, Emily, a son, Christopher, of Los Angeles, and a daughter, Carolyn, of Long Beach.

A.G. Pickerell W.J. Drummond R.P. Hafner


Fred Eugene Dickinson, Forestry: Berkeley

Professor of Forestry (Wood Science), Emeritus
Director of the Forest Products Laboratory, Emeritus

Born in Buena Vista, Minnesota, Fred Dickinson earned the B.S. degree in forestry from the University of Minnesota in 1938 and, following graduation, worked with the Civilian Conservation Corps and the U.S. Forest Service in Minnesota. Upon earning the M.S. degree in Forest Products from Michigan State University in 1941, he spent a year as director of the Forestry Department of Lassen Junior College in California. From 1942 through most of 1945, he taught in the Technical Service Training Division of the U.S. Forest Service Products Laboratory at Madison, Wisconsin. Following World War II, he became an assistant professor and later associate professor of forest products at Yale University and completed the Ph.D. degree in forest products economics there in 1951. In 1952 he joined the faculty of the School of Natural Resources at the University of Michigan as associate professor and chairman of their Department of Wood Technology. In 1955 he was appointed professor of forestry in the School of Forestry at Berkeley and became the first director of the U.C. Forest Products Laboratory located at the Richmond Field Station. During his 25-year tenure as director, he built the Forest Products Laboratory into a renowned research institution that could boast of being among the very best in the world. Until his retirement in 1980, he was active in forest-products research organization as well, administering the undergraduate wood-science and technology program, serving as graduate student advisor and teaching wood-utilization courses.

His professional specialty was in the area of wood machining and the mechanical processing of wood. To further research in this field he established cooperation among the Forest Products Laboratory at Richmond, the Department of Mechanical Engineering on the Berkeley campus, and a group of forest-products industry supporters. In 1963, he organized the first international Wood Machining Seminar which was attended by wood-machining

experts from around the world. These seminars were continued and became an important source of information exchange between scientists and technicians in the forest-products and cutting-tool industries.

As a member of both forestry and wood-products organizations, Dickinson always tried to serve as a mediator between forestry and the forest-products industry. He was an active member of several wood-products organizations, being a charter member of the Forest Products Research Society (President 1963-64), and a member of the Society of American Foresters (elected Fellow in 1969), Society of Wood Science and Technology, and the International Academy of Wood Science (President 1969-75). He was also an active participant in the affairs of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations. From 1964 to 1966 he was a member of the Committee on Forestry Research of the Agricultural Board of the National Academy of Science-National Research Council and in 1964-65 was a member of Governor Brown's Committee on Conflagration.

Among the special honors Dickinson received was the University of Minnesota Regents Outstanding Achievement Award and the Heinrich Christian Burckhardt Medal from the Faculty of Forestry at the Georg-August University of Göttingen, Germany.

His resonant voice and reassuring smile made him a welcome addition to any and all meetings and social gatherings. His easy-going manner and quiet determination made him well liked by his associates. A dinner held in his honor during the annual meeting of the Forest Products Research Society in San Francisco in 1979 drew a large and enthusiastic, turn-away crowd of colleagues and friends. Widowed shortly before he retired and seriously handicapped by multiple sclerosis, he nevertheless faced life cheerfully and independently until the end.

Robert A. Cockrell Arno P. Schniewind


John Englebert Dunphy, Surgery: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Professor John Englebert Dunphy, chairman of the Department of Surgery, San Francisco, was one of the best known and most honored of surgeons.

Bert, as friends called him, was born in Northampton, Massachusetts on March 31, 1908. He received his early schooling in Northampton, graduated from the College of the Holy Cross in 1929, and from Harvard Medical School in 1933. He became a surgical resident at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston only to be let out of the residency, probably because of a lackluster academic record! He took a position as resident in pathology hoping to stay close to the surgery program. A surgical resident's illness soon brought him back, giving him his career.

After his chief residency at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, he took a fellowship at the Leahy Clinic, served a period as George Gorham Peters Travelling Fellow, and a year as the Arthur Tracy Cabot Research Fellow at Harvard. In 1939 he joined the faculty of the Harvard Medical School and practiced surgery in the Newton-Wellesley area on the periphery of Boston.

When World War II was declared, he entered active duty with the Surgical Service of the Fifth General Hospital, the “Brigham Unit” which was stationed in England. In the spring of 1943 he became its chief of surgery. Thereafter, he became consultant surgeon to the European Theatre of Operations and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was awarded the bronze star and was made a Commander de l'Ordre de la Sante Publique by the French government. The years in Europe later became immensely valuable. He established a life-long intimacy with the leaders of European surgery and gained easy access to productive surgical rotations in Europe for his residents. He was remarkable for his current knowledge of surgical developments no matter where they were occurring.

After the war, 1945, he returned to his part-time senior associate position at Harvard and the Brigham and Newton-Wellesley Hospitals, clearly a candidate for full professor and director of one of Harvard's surgical units.

He was a clinical professor at Harvard when, in 1959, he became the first director of the Fifth (Harvard) Surgical Service of the Boston City Hospital when it reentered Harvard's orbit. The Boston City Hospital was on the firing line. Its surgical residents had the reputation of being chosen for strength and endurance. Its resources were few and old. He started the Sears Surgical Laboratory, modernized the training program, and imported (read “demanded”) some famed Harvard decorum (ties, clean whites, fresh shaves, etc.). It was his chance to apply his military skills at bringing men together in an academic environment. The new interns for his second year there, on meeting him on their first day, were appalled to find prominently displayed on his desk, a very large silver platter inscribed, “To Dr. Dunphy, June 1956, with Gratitude from the Residents of the Fifth Surgical Service. The Days of the Iron Man Have RETURNED!” He was a benign but demanding disciplinarian. The work scheduled was all day, seven days a week. He personally reviewed records with the residents from nine to twelve on Sunday mornings, a practice discontinued only when the residents' wives confronted him. He required that care given by his service had to be the best that he and his staff had the physical and mental capacity to give. He was equally demanding that students be taught. However demanding, he was fair. He gave praise and scrupulously reflected credit to those who earned it. Any resident willing to give his best knew that he would be treated fairly. He became famous for using his Irish wit as a spoonful of sugar to make the medicine go down. As a consequence, he was absolutely trusted. This fairness and the trust it engendered was the hallmark of his leadership for the rest of his career.

In 1959, he went to the University of Oregon as the Kenneth H. A. MacKenzie Professor of Surgery and chairman of the Department of Surgery. Again, his strategy was to impart pride in performance and build academic stature. At considerable risk and effort, he supported the first implantation of a prosthetic cardiac valve in man, one of the major advances in surgery during this century.

He accepted the chairmanship of the Department of Surgery at the University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, in 1964 and retired from that position in 1975. He was vice chancellor for several years and, for a short time was acting chancellor in addition to his chairmanship duties. During his time, his department became one of the world's foremost. He developed strong teaching and research units in San Francisco General and the Veterans Administration Hospitals. He recruited a young and creative faculty who, in turn, accepted young surgeons for post-residency training. These trainees have had a major impact on surgery throughout the English speaking world. For a time, it seemed that the imprimatur of the W.W.B.S. (Worked With Bert Society, one of those never organized but nevertheless important groups) was required for elevation to chairmanship.


Early in his career, he developed an interest in wound healing and contributed pivotal work on ascorbic acid and wound healing. He maintained a “connective tissue” or “wound healing” laboratory in each of his professorial positions and launched several important careers for young biochemists.

He published over 300 surgical papers, chapters, and books. However, his real strengths were in teaching and diplomacy. His book with Thomas Botsford, Physical Examination of the Surgical Patient, which first appeared in 1953, is still in print. Current Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment, co-edited with Lawrence Way, is one of the established textbooks of surgery and is written almost entirely by his colleagues and students at the University of California.

He was one of the most honored of surgeons, one of the few to be elected to the presidencies of the American Surgical Association, the Society of University Surgeons, and the American College of Surgeons. He became president of seven other organizations as well. He became chairman of the American Board of Surgery, chairman of the Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons, and a member of 23 surgical associations--honorary if not active. He had 10 honorary degrees, honorary fellowships in six Royal Colleges and was a member of nine editorial boards. There were countless invited lectureships and visiting professorships.

Dr. Dunphy was surely singled out to receive the admiration and respect of all those who knew him. It is not as easy as it may seem to understand why. In one sense he was truly unique. He brought a combination of Irish charm, a boyish energy and wit, not above practical joking, and an eagerness to laugh, particularly at himself and his closest friends. However, in contrast to the usual academic pattern, he did not have a large practice. In his decade at UCSF he operated infrequently. Nor was he an active scientist. His considerable administrative skills were heavily concentrated toward diplomacy and certainly did not extend to fiscal affairs. Yet he assembled one of the great departments of surgery, one which contributed far more than its share of new science, operative techniques, pioneering philosophy, and successful trainees.

Many of his colleagues feel that much of his stature had another origin. His career spanned an era in which humanism in medicine has been increasingly challenged by science and economics. Dunphy understood and respected science. His department was singularly hospitable to it. Yet he was thoroughly a humanist. As his medical school became distracted from service preoccupations, and increasingly committed to scientific and intellectual pursuits, he remained the most vigorous advocate of the physicianly arts. Colleagues, students, and patients saw in his every-day actions that he deftly resolved scientific dilemmas in medicine by applying humanistic considerations. Many of us feel that this quality, added to his personal

warmth, gave his department a special quality, and drew for him so much personal devotion. What young surgeon would not want to serve in such a group at the feet of such a master?

Toward the end of his career, cancer and care of dying patients occupied more and more of his attention. His last written works were in support of the hospice concept and included a classic paper, “On Caring for the Patient with Cancer.” As he often did, he meant the word “caring” to have two meanings--one professional, and one very personal. He truly cared for his patients. Every resident who “cared” in a normally professional sense for one of Dunphy's patients learned how much Dunphy “cared” in the personal sense; and residents and colleagues alike who became zealously professional were made to recognize quickly how important it was “to care” in a personal sense as well.

He talked frequently of death. He was an advocate of the right to die. He despised undue prolongation of life and missed no opportunity to say so. He was a practicing Roman Catholic, and death, to him, was a joyful reunion. Despite a painful terminal year, he faced his own death with equanimity and anticipation, and, by his design, he died at home in the arms of his family on Christmas Day 1981.

He married Nancy Stevenson on September 8, 1936. Her graciousness, kindliness, and eagerness to care for any and all of their mutual friends (and trainees) were her hallmark. She was very much a partner in everything they did. They had four children, a wartime family, two before and two after. Nancy was a calm, warm, and compassionate woman. She was one of few who were not awed by him. When he became overly exuberant she would “rein him in” often causing fond amusement in the pursuit. She also cared for people, and she too was loved by almost everyone who ever met her. Whenever given the opportunity she submerged her identity in his, and it is difficult to find words to describe her alone. She was always at his side and a step or two behind. She rejoined him in death on February 21, 1984.

Thomas K. Hunt


Cordell Durrell, Geology: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Cordell Durrell passed away October 12, 1986 after a brief illness.

Born in 1908 in San Francisco, Durrell grew up around Oakland. He received his A.B. and Ph.D. degrees in geology from UC Berkeley in 1931 and 1936, respectively. He was an instructor in geology at UC Berkeley in 1936-37, and a geologist for Richfield Oil Corporation in Los Angeles in 1937-38. In 1938 he became an instructor in geology at the University of California, Los Angeles, beginning an association that lasted for 25 years. In 1943 he received a two-year leave of absence from UCLA during which he worked with the U.S. Geological Survey helping to assess U.S. resources in barite and optical-quality calcite. He returned to UCLA in 1945 with the rank of assistant professor, receiving promotions to associate professor in 1946 and professor in 1951.

In 1963 Durrell came to Davis as Professor and Chairman of Geology to oversee the planned growth of the department, then small, into a first-rank research and teaching group. During his chairmanship (1963-67) he laid the foundation for departmental expansion and planned a new building occupied in 1971. He remained an active and influential member of the department until his retirement in 1976. Even after retirement he came to the department daily.

Professionally Durrell was known principally as an outstanding and dedicated educator and as an expert in Sierra Nevada geology. As an educator he inspired hundreds of graduate and undergraduate students at both UCLA and UC Davis, many of whom have gone on to distinguished geological careers in industry, government service, as well as in academia.

Durrell began his geologic work in the Sierra Nevada near Visalia in 1933. In 1938 he began work on the Blairsden quadrangle in the northeastern Sierra Nevada, a study that continued the rest of his professional career. During the course of this work, he became the principal authority on the Cenozoic geology of the Sierra Nevada and surrounding regions. A book containing the main results of his life-long Sierran work will be published shortly by the University of California Press.


In 1958-60 Durrell took leave of absence from UCLA to become a professor of geology in the Corso de Geologia at PETROBRAS (Petroleo Brasiliero), the Brazilian national oil company, in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Together with several other faculty, Durrell educated the first PETROBRAS geological staff. Durrell taught principally petrology and field geology. Durrell's mapping in conjunction with other faculty resulted in our ability to match structural features along the Brazilian and African coastlines, thereby supporting the concept of continent drift. Durrell returned to Brazil in 1968 on sabbatical leave during which time he consulted with the University of Bahia on plans for development of an Institute for Earth Sciences.

Durrell was a member of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. He was a fellow of the Geological Society of America, as well as of the Sociedade Brasiliero de Geologia. He is survived by his cousins Ione Giordanino of Sonora, and Lois Chislett of West Lake Village, his grandnephews Stephen Obershaw of San Bernardino and Thomas Obershaw of Los Altos, and hundreds of former students.

Eldridge M. Moores


David M. Farquhar, History: Los Angeles


David Farquhar died of emphysema on August 9, 1985 after 21 years at UCLA.

David was one of a handful of scholars in the Western world who combined sinological expertise with the skills of the altaicist. He did his undergraduate and M.A. work at the University of Washington, with Nicholas Poppe, Helmut Wilhelm, and others. His Ph.D. was taken at Harvard, under the guidance of the Mongolist Francis Cleaves and sinologists such as Lien-sheng Yang. During the course of his graduate study, he acquired good control over Chinese, Mongolian, and Japanese, along with a working knowledge of Tibetan and Russian. He already knew French, Danish, and German.

He always insisted on the highest standards of scholarship, for its own sake, and refused to join the race for academic advancement. He published little, but what he did publish were gems of scholarship. Among his proudest pieces were a demonstration of the Mongolian origins of important Ch'ing institutions, and a supremely imaginative analysis of how the Ch'ing state, in its stance toward Buddhism, sought to maintain in delicate balance the four major political traditions encompassed in its empire: the Tibetan, Mongolian, Manchu, and Han Chinese. His life-work was The Government of China under Mongolian Rule, a systematic reference book on Yuan administration, which, when published, will become a standard reference work for generations to come.

David was an immensely popular undergraduate teacher both at the University of Maryland and at UCLA. He had a distinctive lecture style. He did not present the conventional narrative or tightly-knit thematic argument, but rather a series of basic facts, mixed with frequent references to documentary sources, and interspersed with incisive comment and folksy humor. Most students greatly appreciated the feel of scholarship and reality, and the extraordinary juxtaposition of erudition and folksiness in his delivery. He won the Regents' Award for Excellence in Teaching at the University

of Maryland in 1963. At UCLA, he was nominated by his colleagues and students for the Distinguished Teaching Award.

In graduate teaching, David maintained very high scholarly standards, accepting just a handful of students during his long career at UCLA. To those he gave generously of his time and of himself, not just in professional training, but also as friend, counsellor, and source of emotional support.

His colleagues in a multitude of fields will long remember him for his often surprising acquaintance with their own works, his remarkable stores of information, his love of good food and drink, and his near disregard for some of the worldly concerns that preoccupy many others.

David is survived by his wife Norma and three children, Jessie, Peter, and Robert.

Fred Notehelfer Stanley Wolpert Philip Huang


John Field, Physiology: Los Angeles

Professor of Physiology and Medical History, Emeritus

John Field, known affectionately to family and friends as Jack, was born in Philadelphia and, together with his younger sister, was raised by his mother who tutored him until he entered high school, the William Penn Charter School. Following his graduation 1919, the family moved to Palo Alto which was to be his home for the next 30 years, and Jack entered Stanford University.

After receiving his B.A. (1923) and M.A. (1924) in chemistry from Stanford, Jack started teaching as instructor in the Department of Physiology. Upon completion of his Ph.D. in chemistry (1928), he became assistant professor, rising in the ranks thereafter to become professor of physiology in 1942. At the beginning of his career a student, Sally Miller, joined him in research. She became not only a co-author on a number of early scientific papers, but also his wife in 1929 and for more than 50 years thereafter. Their three sons--John, Charles and Richard--with their families, including six grandchildren, were a source of joy and pride to Jack and Sally.

Dr. Field's main research interests followed a continuous line from the biochemistry and physiology of muscle, through many aspects of oxidative and glycolytic metabolism, to general thermoregulatory mechanisms. Perhaps best known were his penetrating studies on the mechanism of action of dinitrophenol and the uncoupling of phosphorylation and oxidative metabolism. He collaborated with and inspired many colleagues and students, among them Victor Hall, Windsor Cutting, Maurice Tainter, Arthur Martin, Jeff Crismon, Fred Fuhrman, Clarence Peiss and Robert DeHaan, all of whom have since made their own contributions to these and related fields.

Several years' service in government began in 1948 when, on leave from Stanford, Field became acting director of the Arctic Research Laboratory of the Office of Naval Research at Point Barrow, Alaska, where he was actively involved in environmental research. From 1941 to 1951, he held the position of head of the Biology Branch of ONR, with responsibility

for planning and overseeing the biology program as well as initiating research contracts. The following year he assumed the post of assistant director for Biological Sciences and acting assistant director for medical research in the newly founded National Science Foundation. These positions gave him a wealth of experience in administration, and insight into the rapidly increasing role of the federal government in support of academic research.

Meanwhile, in 1951 Field was appointed first chairman of the Department of Physiology at the new UCLA School of Medicine and took over this position actively in 1952 at the end of his year with the NSF. He led the development of the department as chairman until 1963, while also serving as part-time associate dean of the School of Medicine from 1958 to 1962 and full-time from 1962 until his retirement in 1969. In the latter capacity, as the administrative officer for academic personnel, he monitored with integrity and fairness the development of the school's academic excellence. He was also heavily involved in many other aspects of the academic planning and development of the rapidly expanding school. Besides his many services to the School of Medicine, Jack Field was very active in general academic and Senate affairs, serving on, among others, the Committees on Privilege and Tenure, Committees, and Budget and Interdepartmental Relations, as well as many campus administrative committees. In 1961-62 he was academic assistant to President Kerr.

In addition to his scientific and administrative endeavors, Field became increasingly active in the areas of medical education and medical history. He served his professional organization, the American Physiological Society, in many capacities, most notably as editor-in-chief of the first section of the Handbook of Physiology published by the Society in 1959.

Retirement in 1969 saw no reduction in Field's activities, which were directed increasingly to study of and publication on the history of medical education in the United States. He was slowed only by the illness that led to his death in May 1983. The University and American physiology were strengthened and advanced by Jack Field's contributions, and his many students, friends and colleagues were enriched by their contact with this remarkable man.

Robert G. Frank Bernice M. Wenzel Ralph R. Sonnenschein


Richard Fineberg, Biochemistry and Biophysics: San Francisco


Concerned, dedicated, modest, gentle--a teacher. Professor Richard Fineberg, born in St. Paul, Minnesota, earned his B.S. (in physiology; Phi Beta Kappa) and M.D. degrees at the University of Chicago, the latter obtained via the prestigious US Navy V-12 program in 1945. After one year service as a Navy doctor, Professor Fineberg entered graduate school at UC Berkeley. He received his Ph.D. and was appointed assistant professor of biochemistry in 1954. Richard's subsequent professional commitment was to the University of California; he moved to the San Francisco campus with his department's translocation and became a tenured faculty member in 1960.

In a current era where biochemistry departments are almost exclusively notable for their research activities, Fineberg was respected and admired by his peers and students for his dedication to teaching. Sensitivity to the role of teacher began early with Fineberg; both his brother and sister were teachers at the pre-college level and his wife, Esther, was a teaching assistant in Berkeley. At UCSF, Richard quickly recognized that his combined medical and basic science backgrounds uniquely equipped him for interdisciplinary teaching of biochemistry to the professional students on that campus including those of the Medical, Dental, and Pharmacy Schools. He was in charge of the primary biochemistry course for medical students for several years in the 1970s and was the director and primary instructor of the dental biochemistry course. In 1971 when teaching basic science for the Podiatry School in San Francisco became the responsibility for UCSF, it was Fineberg who helped organize that course. Typically, all these primary courses were taught by an interdisciplinary faculty with different areas of expertise. Fineberg provided the sense of humanity and student care, which, in addition to his broad knowledge, “glued those courses together.” Richard was recognized and respected for his total involvement in these courses; he developed the syllabi, organized, and participated in the formal lectures and labs. His greatest strength, however, was at the level of small group teaching and individual tutorials, particularly when integration of basic science with clinical problems was required. A

collection of student evaluations over the past decades consistently emphasized his “concern for students,” “rapport with students,” and “enthusiastic pursuit of student needs.” Fineberg was “one of the most accessible, helpful, and willing teachers around, the role of a great teacher.”

Richard's research focused on ferritin, iron transport and iron metabolism, but his major creative effort was in teaching; 25 percent of his publications concerned basic science education in a professional school environment. In the late 60s he organized the syllabus for what would be considered a unique approach to teaching basic sciences to medical students even today--integration of biochemical and physiological principles with the care and treatment of the diabetic dog sustained by the students themselves. In the early 70s, he produced one of the first video cassettes on enzyme kinetics using a clinical disease (myasthenia gravis) as a model. He was working on a book of instructional techniques for basic sciences to professional students at his untimely death. The extraordinary commitment to teaching basic science to medical students was exemplified by the fact that Professor Fineberg's sole sabbatical was spent locally in a clinical residency in 1961 because, in his own words, “One of the pressing problems in medical education is that of integrating the contributions of the various highly specialized disciplines. There is commonly little enough communication among faculties of the basic science departments themselves, but the gap is all the more acute in the transition from basic science to clinical medicine.” University service also emphasized teaching; he served with the committees on Medical School Curriculum, Curriculum and Educational Policy, Courses of Instruction, Fellowships and Awards, and Student Summer Fellowships. He was active on the Graduate Council and was departmental graduate advisor for several years. Fineberg served as acting chairman of the Department of Biochemistry in 1968.

Richard's personal life was as quietly sensitive as his professional life. A proud and devoted husband and father, he brought his organizational skills and emphasis of individualized attention to his hobbies: amateur bird watching, gardening, bookbinding and carpentry. He enlarged his San Francisco home and built the family's Tahoe home with his hands.

Professor Fineberg is survived by his wife of 37 years, Esther, by his son Daniel B. Fineberg of Washington State, and by two grandchildren. He died quietly and unexpectedly in his sleep, most fittingly, after preparing a lecture the night before.

Professor Richard Fineberg will be long remembered by those who, in recognition of his dedication, competence, and gentleness as a teacher, created the Annual Richard A. Fineberg Memorial Lecture. But he will be remembered best in the words of a student “as one who gave of himself to the students, and to this school.”

Gerold M. Grodsky


Sarah Carolyn Fisher, Psychology: Los Angeles

Professor Emerita

Carolyn Fisher was born in Connecticut, where she received her elementary and secondary school education. Subsequently, the family moved to Illinois, where she attended Lombard College, receiving the AB in 1909. The next year she transferred to the University of Illinois, earning the M.A. in 1910. Continuing her graduate education at Clark University, she became a Ph.D. at the tender age of 24. She had already published an experimental research article a year earlier (1912) under the title “Arithmetic and reasoning in children” .

As a scientist, Dr. Fisher was endowed with critical talent of a high order and its effectiveness was buttressed by careful and wide Scholarship. The evidence came early in her doctoral thesis, titled “The process of generalizing abstraction and its product, the general concept” , published as a 213-page monograph. It was an impressive piece of experimental work, embedded in a framework of an exhaustive and critical review of previous research in the field. Subsequently it was to inspire experimental investigation on the formation of concepts by Hull and others. Her interest in concept formation continued for some years, as reflected in published papers by several of her students. One psychologist refers to her thesis (1916) as a classic. Although she did not become a prolific contributor to professional publications, what she wrote was always thorough and analytical, and reflected her wide and deep scholarship. Two examples from her later years are the papers “The psychological and educational work of G. Stanley Hall,” written at the request of E.B. Titchener, the dominant figure in structural psychology, and “A critique of insight in Kohler's Gestalt Psychology.”

Fisher's first appointment was at Wellesley College, 1913-1914. In 1915 she accepted a position on the west coast at what was then known as the Los Angeles State Normal School, eventually to become integrated as part of the University of California system and to be known officially as the University of California, Los Angeles. She was to remain at UCLA the

rest of her academic life. In 1920 she became director of the Psychological Clinic of Los Angeles Juvenile Court, a position she held until 1929, concurrently with her academic appointment.

The average student in Fisher's classes did not consider her to be a stimulating lecturer. This was certainly due in part to the size of the classes she was frequently assigned to teach; her talents were more analytical and tutorial than oratorical. It is, however, of interest to learn that in her undergraduate days she participated in an intercollegiate oratorical contest, in which her oration was rated outstanding in quality and internal organization, but was awarded second prize. The writer of the newspaper account of the event felt justified in commenting that the judges were probably swayed in their opinion by the delivery. On the other hand, it is significant that some students came away from her classes with important new insights and ideas. As one of her distinguished students put it in later years: “I'm beginning to think that that idea for the research I did was the outgrowth of what Fisher said.”

An important part of Fisher's life transcended the narrowly academic. In an era when more and more time and energy is required merely to keep abreast of one's field, academicians become increasingly provincial in their interests and competencies. Carolyn Fisher, on the other hand, took the view--although she didn't express it--that one should be a civilized person. She was an intellectual in the broadest sense. Her knowledge of literature, music and art was impressive. She was equally at home with Rabelais and Shakespeare. She could be annoyed by the perfunctory performance of some very seldom played composition written by a famous composer or make a case for the superiority of the work of one modernistic painter over that of another.

Another aspect of her life was her “civic mindedness” in its local, national and international contexts. Letters found in her files from the Los Angeles mayor, presidents of labor unions, senators, cabinet members, United States vice presidents, thanking her for her interest or support in some matter or another, attest to her well-informed and unflagging interest in social problems.

Carolyn Fisher's death marks the disappearance of a Renaissance woman.

Andrew Comrey Nowell Jones Joseph Gengerelli George Mount


Denis Llewellyn Fox, Marine Biology: San Diego

Professor Emeritus

Professor Denis L. Fox, born in Udimore (Sussex), England, on December 22, 1901, died of cancer in La Jolla, California, on September 4, 1983. He had enjoyed the longest tenure of any faculty member of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography--52 years.

Professor Fox's family moved from England to America in 1905, and to Berkeley in 1917, where Denis received his B.A. degree from the University of California in 1925. After working for four years as an industrial chemist for Standard Oil of California, he re-entered academe at Stanford University, where he was awarded the Ph.D. degree in 1931. That same year he began at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography a long career marked by its impact on--indeed, the almost creation of--the discipline of marine biochemistry.

The career of Fox was one of color enhanced by an abiding interest in natural history. During his five decades of active experimentation and writing his primary research interests were in the pigments of animals, marine, terrestrial and aerial. His studies of these animal biochromes led to important discoveries of both fundamental and practical consequences. His earliest studies of these pigments were with another Scripps biologist, Francis B. Sumer, in some pioneering experimentation on the colors of fishes. Fox then moved to a broad consideration of colored compounds in all kinds of organisms. He identified the types of compounds conferring on animals their myriad colors, he traced pathways by which these pigments are acquired and structurally modified, he examined pigments in deep-sea sediments, and on all of these topics he wrote prolifically and clearly. He authored approximately 150 original scientific articles and two distinguished volumes: Animal Biochromes (1953; revised in 1976) and Biochromy--Natural Coloration of Living Things (1979).

Fox's interests and contributions included the practical world as well as the academic realm. For instance, he discovered how to restore color to the fading flamingos of the San Diego Zoo. His understanding of the

pathways of pigment production and deposition led him to suggest to the birds' keepers that lobster shells be included in the flamingos' diets. This strategy worked, for the reddish carotenoid pigments of the shells were selectively transferred through the blood into the plumage of the birds!

In addition to his work in pigment biochemistry, Fox made important contributions to several other marine-related disciplines. During World War II he conducted studies on the control of fouling on ships' bottoms and docks. His proximity to the beaches of La Jolla led him and his students to a number of interesting studies on the ecology of various marine organisms living in and on these sands. He once estimated how long it would take for all of the La Jolla beach to be passed through the digestive systems of worms. (Shades of “The Walrus and the Carpenter”! Fox enjoyed quoting from Lewis Carroll's works.) Near the end of his career he examined the roles that interactions between carbon dioxide and proteins might play in regulating physiological processes. His was a wide-ranging inellect that could discern important questions and study them with skill and creativity.

Fox received many honors in recognition of his work. He was awarded fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation and the Guggenheim Foundation for study at other institutions. He was a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science since 1933. He was named a Distinguished Scholar at the Cranbrook Institute of Science in Bloomfield, Michigan, in 1970-1971.

Denis Fox will be remembered as one who accomplished his many impressive achievements with the kind and courteous manner of a true gentleman, possessing a fine sense of humor and deep love of music along with great intellectual talents. His half-century of work in marine biochemistry, a field in whose birth he assisted, has left his chosen field an active and exciting discipline. It, and we, owe him a great debt.

Francis T. Haxo Ralph A. Lewin George N. Somero


Selma H. Fraiberg, Psychiatry: San Francisco


Selma H. Fraiberg, psychiatric social worker, child psychoanalyst, and professor in the Department of Psychiatry, UCSF School of Medicine, died on December 19, 1981 at the age of 63. Selma was internationally known for her studies on “infant psychiatry” geared to therapeutic interventions in the earliest stages, literally even in the first days of life, where disturbed mother-infant interactions can go so tragically awry. She came to UCSF on July 1, 1979 to continue these studies and clinical services at the San Francisco General Hospital with the multi-ethnic and multicultural populations that it serves. By the time of her death, a scant two and a half years later, the Infant-Parent Program was solidly established as a research and training program within the UCSF Department of Psychiatry and as a clinical service program to the patients at the San Francisco General Hospital, and also as a valued consultation service and job training service for the network of health and social service agencies in the San Francisco community, both voluntary and governmental.

Selma was born in Detroit, Michigan on March 8, 1918 and educated there at Wayne State University, receiving the B.A. degree in 1940 and the M.S.W. in 1945. Her first teaching appointments were as a lecturer in mental hygiene and casework at the University of Michigan (1947-1952), lecturer in child development at the Wayne State University Department of Psychiatry (1952-1958), and instructor and lecturer in normal development of the individual at the Wayne State University School of Social Work (1953-1954). In 1958 she went to Tulane University as associate professor of social casework in the School of Social Work and lecturer in the Department of Psychiatry of the Medical School and from there went in 1961 to Baltimore where she was affiliated as a lecturer in the Baltimore Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1963 she moved to the University of Michigan (where she remained until her last move--to UCSF--in 1979) as associate professor, and then professor of child psychoanalysis in the Department of Psychiatry of the School of Medicine, and as a lecturer in child development from

the Michigan Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1971 she was certified for the practice of psychoanalysis by the Board of Professional Standards of the American Psychoanalytic Association.

Over her professional lifetime Selma was the author of more than 100 articles in the professional literature plus three major books. Her first book, The Magic Years, initially published in 1959, catapulted her immediately into national and international recognition; it was that rare book written to appeal to both professional and intelligent lay audiences as well, and was hailed by many as the best treatise on the emotional life and development of children up to the age of five ever written. It was subsequently translated successively into Danish, Hebrew, Swedish, French, Norwegian, Portuguese, Italian, German, Spanish, and Japanese and has been repeatedly reprinted in England, Canada, and the United States. Her second book, Insights from the Blind: Comparative Studies of Blind and Sighted Infants (1977) was based on pioneering studies during Selma's Michigan years of the difficulties in ego development of congenitally blind children and the way in which mothers could be taught to employ other sensory modalities in their interactions with blind infants in order to compensate as much as possible for the lack of visual contact and prevent otherwise grave derailments of the ego developmental process. Her third book, Every Child's Birthright: In Defense of Mothering, in the same year (1977) was a polemical response to some of the radical feminist disavowal of the need for the traditional caretaking and nurturant role of the mother in the early life of the child. Overall, Selma's scholarly studies over her lifetime dealt with the normal child developmental process, the understanding of child psychotherapy and child psychoanalysis, the developmental problems of the blind and otherwise handicapped, and at the end, the development of therapeutic and ameliorative interventions in earliest infancy (“infant psychiatry”) where the customers cannot talk and where pathological mother-child interactions can lead to devastating and irremediable lifelong psychopathology.

Professionally, Selma was a member of the Society for Research in Child Development, the Association for Child Psychoanalysis, and the American Psychoanalytic Association. Since 1975 she was a member of the National Advisory Council on Clinical Infant Programs of the National Institute of Mental Health. Throughout her career she was very successful in garnering research grant support from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, from the federal Office of Education, from the National Institute of Mental Health, from the Michigan Department of Health, and here in San Francisco, from a consortium of private foundations.

Among the many honors that came to Selma over this productive lifetime were the Outstanding Book of the Year Award (for The Magic Years) from the Child Study Association of America in 1959, the Distinguished Alumna

Award of Wayne State University in 1963, the Franklin Lectureship of Wayne State University in 1966, a visiting professorship at the School of Social Work of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1978, the Robert Waelder Memorial Lectureship in 1979, and a visiting professorship at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine of Yeshiva University in New York in 1979. The New York Times cited Every Child's Birthright (1977) as one of the twenty “Outstanding Books of the Year.”

Those who knew Selma as a friend and colleague will remember fondly her intellectual vigor, her scholarly breadth, her fierce devotion to the cause of her young subjects and her uncompromising and even adamant stands on behalf of her concept of their absolute requirements. She was a passionate advocate for the rights and needs of infants and children as she felt them and articulated them and this often did not make it easy to advance a contrary view. Everyone, however, even when on the opposite side of what could be a more complex professional or scientific issue than she was willing to concede, always respected her absolute conviction and absolute integrity. Her death was a great loss to us all; in her life she enlarged our understanding of children and their growing up, normal and handicapped and disturbed. The children, and therefore the people, of the world will have benefitted by her work amongst us.

Selma is survived by her husband, Louis, a retired professor of English literature whose helpful collaboration did much to grace her literary style, and one daughter, Lisa.

Robert S. Wallerstein


Phillip E. Frandson: Los Angeles

Dean, UCLA Extension

Phillip E. Frandson was born on March 20, 1925 in Story City, Iowa. He received his bachelor's and master's degrees in geography and economics at the University of Nebraska. In addition he held a special certificate of geography and economics from l'Universite de Paris, Sorbonne, where he studied as a Fulbright foreign exchange student; and, he had a certificate in geography and geology from the Universidad de Mexico. He received his doctorate in adult education and sociology from UCLA. Prior to coming to Los Angeles, Dr. Frandson worked in Washington and Chicago for the Adult Education Association (AEA). He came to UCLA Extension in 1956, became associate dean in 1970 and dean in 1973.

As dean of Extension at UCLA, Phillip Frandson was regarded as a pace setter in continuing education; under this leadership, UCLA Extension flourished and was recognized as the exemplar for extension development worldwide. Indeed, under his guidance UCLA Extension became the largest urban-based continuing education program in the United States, offering over 4,000 courses annually to an audience of almost 100,000 adults.

His genius was in envisioning, articulating and implementing an approach to continuing education that responded to rapidly changing social conditions. As he saw it, the function of continuing education was to bridge the gap between the professional and the general public. This required sensitivity and creativity in developing linkages between the needs of both groups. It also required developing a staff of highly skilled professionals who were at the forefront of program design and marketing--the continuing quality of the UCLA Extension staff is clear testimony to this talent of his.

And, he was an innovator, constantly interested in new programmatic ideas and in fresh ways of communicating those ideas. A key aspect of Phil's work involved the differentiation of continuing education from the academic curriculum, while at the same time stressing the importance of the university as the provider of continuing education. In his view, the purpose of university continuing education was “to nurture and enhance

the quality of human life, through lifelong education and public service, for the adult community beyond the campus.” He was vitally concerned about continuing education for professionals and of the consumers of professional services. He was also deeply committed to providing relevant high-quality continuing education for all adults and to that end worked to provide a wide spectrum of educational opportunities for all, regardless of age, race, sex, educational background or financial ability. Under his guidance UCLA Extension became the host institution to a number of innovative and valuable programs.

In addition to his responsibility as dean of UCLA Extension, Phil was deeply involved in adult and continuing education on a national scale. He served as president of the National University Continuing Education Association; as Board of Directors member of the American Council on Education; as vice-president of the Western Consortium for Education in the Health Professions; the International Council for Adult Education; the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges; and many others. He served as a consultant to the U.S. Office of Education and the National Endowment for the Humanities. At the invitation of the People's Republic of China he participated in a delegation of continuing education administrators who visited China in 1978. And, in 1979, he was appointed by the French-American Foundation to serve in a three-person delegation of continuing education administrators to study adult and continuing education in France.

Outside the field of education Phil was equally involved. He served on the Los Angeles Mayor's Planning Committee to build the Greater Los Angeles Zoo and was an active member of the Zoo's Board of Trustees. He was a collector and acknowledged chronicler of American antiquities. He lectured widely on “Antiques of the Future,” and received an Emmy Award for producing and hosting a nationally televised TV series on American folk art.

His success as a continuing educator came from his ability to develop creative, timely ideas and to cultivate and administrate a fine staff; his was a rare form of blending the idealistic with the realistic. His aggressiveness, willingness to take chances, desire to assist people and better the world in which he lived, was complemented by a fine mind, an excellent academic background and sound management skills--all of which afforded a blending to make him a superb leader of continuing education.

Hans Baerwald Kathleen Rockhill Leonard Freedman


Ronald Edward Freeman, English: Los Angeles

Associate Professor

To the shock of his colleagues and many friends, Ronald E. Freeman died suddenly of a massive heart attack on March 28, 1985, in Desert Hot Springs, California. He has been and will continue to be greatly missed.

Ron Freeman was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was educated there in the public schools. After graduation from high school he served in the U.S. Army before attending the University of Colorado, where he majored in English. There he took his B.A. degree in 1949 and his M.A. in 1950. After completing his M.A. he moved to the University of Illinois to study for the Ph.D. in English. At Illinois he served as a teaching assistant from 1950 to 1956 while pursuing his doctoral studies in English. His dissertation, a study of the Victorian diarist and poet William Allingham, was completed under the direction of the noted Victorian scholar Gordon N. Ray.

In 1956 Ron accepted an appointment as assistant professor at the University of Southern California. In 1961 he was promoted to the rank of associate professor and to the chairmanship of the composition program at USC. In this capacity he gained national attention in a field just emerging as an independent area of English studies. As a result of his success with the USC program Ron was called to UCLA in 1966 by the then Chairman of the Department of English, Bradford A. Booth, to become the first head of freshman English at UCLA.

Prior to Ron's arrival, the composition program at UCLA had been directed on a rotating basis by junior faculty members serving two-year terms. Freeman's appointment signalled a new emphasis on the importance of composition, not only in the Department of English, but as a service for the university as a whole. Ron directed the program with great distinction for nine years, while also offering courses in composition and teacher training as well as courses in his special field of Victorian literature. Hundreds of graduate students in the UCLA English program served their teaching and composition apprenticeships under his sure direction. He is remembered by them for the comprehensiveness of his program and for

the reliability and clarity of his guidelines. A staunch traditionalist in the philosophy of composition who grounded his program in the study of rhetoric, Ron was also a consummate professional. By virtue of his leadership and organization, he left a permanent imprint on the composition program at UCLA.

During the period of his directorship of the UCLA composition program Ron served as national chairman of the Conference on College Composition and Communication, and he played a leading role in the work of the National Council of Teachers of English. He was also a co-author (with Robert Gorell and Charlton Laird) of a widely used textbook on composition. He was a frequent member and sometime chairman of the Subject A committee on both the campus and statewide levels. He also served for many years as liaison with the junior colleges and on numerous departmental and university committees where he could always be counted on to uphold the highest of standards.

Although Ron's primary duties at UCLA from 1966 to 1975 revolved around his headship of the composition program, he also continued to pursue his interest in the study of Victorian literature. Shortly after completing his Ph.D. he co-edited (with Paul Landis) a volume of the letters of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning to George Barrett, and at his death he was working on an edition of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's letters to the Victorian critic, R. H. Horne. He had for many years been the compiler of the annual bibliography for the journal Studies in Browning. For 20 years he was also the leading bibliographer of Victorian literature, having been a contributor from his USC days to the “Victorian Bibliography” which appears annually in the journal Victorian Studies. In 1966 he succeeded to the editorship of the bibliography, and for the next 10 years he presided over an ever-expanding listing of books, articles, and reviews of the year's work in Victorian literature. In 1981 he published the 10 years' compilation as Bibliographies of Studies in Victorian Literature, 1965-1974, a volume that is now a standard reference work in the field.

As a Victorian scholar Ron was also active for many years in the Modern Language Association and served as the Chairman of the Victorian section of that organization and as frequent member of its executive committee. A regular convention-goer for more than two decades, he was an engaging and popular figure at the annual Victorian Luncheon at the MLS, an event he not infrequently organized. Whether officially serving as luncheon chairman or not, his arrival was always a sign that the revels were now about to begin.

Ron's capacity for friendship was equally pronounced among many of his departmental and professional colleagues. Those who enjoyed his fellowship and hospitality will long remember how greatly he delighted in entertaining others in a gracious setting. They take some comfort from the

fact that for him the end came in his favorite private retreat, the haunting stretches of the southern desert where he regularly went for reflection and spiritual refreshment. Fittingly, his ashes were scattered in the desert at Joshua Tree National Monument.

Ron leaves his mother, Mrs. Lee Ernst of Cincinnati, a half-sister, Marilyn, his three children, Victoria (Mrs. B. Melekian), Alan, and Jeremy, and three grandchildren. He leaves a host of students and friends who will always remember him with deep affection.

D.G. Calder T.R. Wortham G. Tennyson


Julius Herman Freitag, Entomology and Parasitology: Berkeley

Professor of Entomology, Emeritus

Julius Herman Freitag, teacher, colleague, and friend, died October 1, 1985 at the Kaiser Permanente Hospital in Oakland, California. While recovering from an operation for the replacement of a hip, he suffered two heart attacks. He was 77 years old. Truly a “native son,” Julius was born, educated, married, raised a family, and spent his professional life in Berkeley, California. He became interested in entomology while still in high school, when he was hired in 1925 as a summer employee for Dr. Henry H. P. Severin, a pioneer in the study of insect transmission of plant-disease agents. After graduating from Berkeley High School two years later, he entered the University of California Berkeley, and obtained the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in entomology in 1931, 1932, and 1935, respectively. Following the B.S. degree, he became a research assistant, and after earning the Ph.D. he was appointed to the faculty.

His Ph.D. thesis was an exhaustive study of the question as to whether or not the curly-top virus multiplied in its vector. His findings showed that retention of infectivity was positively correlated with the length of the acquisition access period, and supported the hypothesis that the vector was not a host of the virus. Publication of his thesis brought him international recognition, and set the stage for a debate which was to occupy the vector-virus literature for almost two decades, viz, could insect vectors, as Kunkel had suggested in 1926, also be hosts of plant viruses?

The curly-top work has stood the test of time, and Freitag moved on to become a recognized authority on the transmission of plant viruses by aphids and beetles, as well as leafhoppers. The ranges of vectors and host plants were hallmarks of his research. Such knowledge formed the basis for his constant appreciation and concern for an understanding of field epidemiology of vectored pathogens and the possible control of the resulting diseases. During the later stages of his professional career, he concentrated on leafhopper transmission of strains of the aster-yellows disease agent. For many years the cause of aster-yellows was assumed to be a virus but,

in 1967, work in Japan suggested aster-yellows might be caused by a mycoplasma-like agent; this explanation was confirmed by Freitag and his colleagues. Using three symptomologically distinct strains of the disease, he demonstrated with characteristic solid and exhaustive data their potential for interaction. Simultaneous or sequential infection with more than one strain of the agent resulted in changes in their transmission pattern and symptomatology. A variety of interactions, ranging from various levels of interference to a high degree of cross protection, occurred in both plant and vector hosts. In recognition of his expertise, he was awarded both a Fulbright Scholarship and a Guggenheim Fellowship for studies in Holland.

He was mentor and friend to several graduate students, all of whom achieved recognition in the field of insect transmission of plant pathogens. A traditionalist in approach, Freitag had a deep and genuine appreciation of the literature. Both students and colleagues benefited from his detailed knowledge of the literature as well as from his collection of books and reprints. The latter was of historic proportions, since his career overlapped those of the early pioneers in the relatively new field of vector research.

His standards were high, his dedication to his campus unwavering, and his concern for his students enduring. Patient, unassuming, and generous of his time and substance, he was a man of many enviable qualities. He was a member of the American Association for Advancement of Science, American Phytopathological Society, Association of Applied Biologists, Entomological Society of America, and Sigma Xi. He is survived by his wife Elinor, a botany student whom he met as an undergraduate; a daughter, Marian Halden; and three sons, Donald, Norman, and Douglas, all of whom live in the San Francisco Bay Area.

The ranks of specialists working with the transmission of plant pathogens by insects have been noticeably thinned in recent years, and the loss of another of the few remaining pioneers will be felt by all.

D.E. Schlegel E.S. Sylvester Y. Tanada


Milton E. Gardner, Physics: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Milton Eugene Gardner was born February 10, 1901 in Santa Cruz, California. He would have been born in China if his father, a missionary under the American Board of Missions, had not returned temporarily to the United States for safety during the Boxer Rebellion.

After spending his first nine years in China, Milton moved with his family to Claremont, California where he completed his elementary and secondary education and received a B.A. degree from Pomona College in 1924. While at Pomona, Milton won numerous metals in wrestling and track. Milton became quite a good ventriloquist and magician and belonged to the International Brotherhood of Magicians. After graduating from college, he worked at several jobs before starting graduate work in physics at UC Berkeley where he received his M.A. degree in 1934 and his Ph.D. degree in 1936. In 1937, Milton accepted a position as an “instructor in physics” at the then “Branch of the College of Agriculture at Davis” where he remained until his retirement as professor of physics in 1968.

From 1942 to 1946 during World War II, he joined the MIT Radiation Laboratory in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he helped in that gigantic effort to develop and improve the radar systems which were of major importance in enabling the Allied Forces to overcome the German and Japanese aggressors. He spent the 1955-56 year at the University of Peshawar in Pakistan where he had the honor of teaching the first graduate physics class at that institution.

Milton will always be remembered by the hundreds of students who took their first physics course, Physics 4A, from him. He was an outstanding teacher and spent countless hours perfecting his lecture notes and exams, counseling students, and preparing and building lecture demonstrations. If it helped to get his point across in a lecture, Milton enjoyed using his magician's abilities to give demonstrations which would appear to defy the laws of nature. In addition to answers to the homework problems, Milton not only insisted that his students understand what they were doing

but that they also do a dimensional analysis of every problem. Although may students thought at the time that some of the things he demanded were not really necessary, a large number of them came back a year or two later to thank him for what he had taught them.

All faculty members of the University Retirement System should be indebted to Milton. Originally, if a faculty member who was eligible to retire died before retirement, his spouse did not receive the maximum benefit option which was possible for surviving spouses. Milton was instrumental in getting this changed in the sixties and now the maximum benefit option is the standard option for the surviving spouse when a faculty member dies before retirement provided he was eligible to retire.

Milton was also an avid and frequent writer of letters which appeared in “Letters To The Editor” in the local Davis papers where he attempted to bring common sense and order to the sometimes seemingly complicated ideas and actions often taken by the various city and county governing bodies. Milton was a strong believer in world government, was always ready to stand up for what he believed in, and deplored hypocrisy of any sort.

After the death of his first wife, Jennie (Jeanne) Walker Gardner, he generously established the Jennie W. Gardner Nursing Scholarship at the UC San Francisco School of Nursing. He is survived by his second wife, Elizabeth (Betty) Johnson Gardner, a brother, Wayne, and a nephew, Richard. Milton E. Gardner was a wonderful person who positively affected everyone with whom he came in contact.

William W. True Lawrence J. Andrews Franklin Paul Brady


Irene Gilbert, Physical Therapy: San Francisco

Director of the Curriculum in Physical Therapy

Irene Gilbert was a woman of many talents: teacher, researcher, physical therapist, poet, musician, and artist. Some of these skills were founded in her childhood in Tennessee and North Carolina and continued through her professional life as forms of relaxation. She studied physical therapy at Stanford University in 1951 and practiced in hospitals and rehabilitation centers in San Francisco and Marin County.

Irene came to the Department of Anatomy at UCSF in 1959 as a graduate student to undertake work towards the master's degree. She felt that she required a deeper understanding of the basic medical sciences in order to improve her diagnostic and therapeutic skills. She was an industrious and enquiring student who soon decided to engage in a study of the intrinsic blood supply of muscles in the rat hand-limb--an area in which little research had been done. To this end she skillfully applied a variety of dissecting, injection, and histological techniques which resulted in the publication of a most informative thesis in 1961. In this, as on many other occasions, her artistic talent was used to advantage and the work is profusely illustrated with carefully executed pen and ink drawings.

For the next several years Irene worked as a physical therapist with the Visiting Nurses Association of San Francisco. In 1966 she returned to UCSF to embark on studies and research towards the Ph.D. degree. She had now decided to study muscle regeneration in the rat following injury to the soleus, a muscle she had investigated previously. A major problem with muscle regeneration is that new fibers are eventually overwhelmed by the growth of collagenous tissue. To overcome this she used D-penicillamine to reduce collagen formation. Her results were encouraging; new muscle fibers were more durable and survived for a longer time. Her doctoral thesis, A Study of Muscle Regeneration in the Rat, was published in 1972.

Following the retirement in 1970 of Margery Wagner as Director of the Curriculum in Physical Therapy, Irene was appointed as her successor.

Irene was then in the course of finishing her Ph.D. thesis. It is a tribute to her industry and commitment that she accomplished both undertakings so successfully. She dedicated herself to the development of the UCSF Physical Therapy Program to meet the demands of the growing health care field. With the future in mind she spearheaded major revisions in the curriculum. The new program was designed to prepare graduates who were well educated in the basic sciences, scientifically grounded, and prepared to provide clinical services, leadership, and collaborative research in the field of physical therapy. She was a staunch advocate for maintaining physical therapy education on the UCSF campus. She was also deeply committed to the development of a master's program at UCSF.

In spite of her heavy administrative duties Irene was the primary faculty for a two-course series entitled “Principles of Professional Practice and Administration,” and participated in two others: Neuroanatomy and Congenital Defects. The latter course was specifically developed at her request to provide physical therapy students with information on normal and abnormal human development that could help them understand defects later encountered in practice. She was a good teacher and greatly enjoyed imparting knowledge to others. Her artistic skill was used to great advantage on the blackboard and in the preparation of handouts.

Irene guided many new faculty members in the art and the craft of teaching and inspired a love of teaching in those around her. As she said, “there is information within the students' grasp but tantalizing to their reach.” She instilled in teachers and students alike a strong sense of ethics and responsibility to patients, colleagues, and the community. In addition to her work at UCSF Irene also served the American Physical Therapy Association for many years. This service to the community and to the profession is now being continued by the UCSF physical therapy graduates who are following her example with similar dedication. Irene emphasized self-respect and honesty above everything else; her advice was to remain true to oneself.

Irene Gilbert is remembered as a highly esteemed member of our faculty, an enquiring basic scientist, a dedicated teacher, and a compassionate physical therapist.

Mary A. Snyder Ian W. Monie Nancy N. Byl


Robert Morton Glendinning, Geography: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Robert Morton Glendinning was born in Butte, Montana, 14 April 1905, to Lyle Robert and Bessie Morton (Billings) Glendinning. The family soon relocated to Idaho's Snake River region and later to New Mexico, where Robert had his preteen years of schooling. Thus, young Robert was very early introduced to a wide view of varied geographic/cultural environments, which may well have sparked his lifelong interests in the geography of the world about him.

But, a lingering illness struck his father down in mid-life: and 11-year-old Robert suddenly found himself in the role of head of the family. Soon, his mother relocated the family to the northern Michigan area, near her birthplace. Here, Robert continued his schooling, and graduated from Marquette High School (1918-22) at the remarkable age of 17. During these busy years, Robert also took on such varied jobs as janitor, store-clerk, and deck-hand on the Great Lakes ore-boats; and later full-time jobs as school teacher, township superintendent of schools, and geography supervisor at Menominee High School. Then, with very determined and deliberate upward steps, he progressed to college student at Northern State College (1925-27) at Marquette, to the University of Michigan for his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in geography, and on to an appointment as instructor in geography at the U. of M. while completing his Ph.D. degree. And into all these unrelated tasks and relationships, Robert brought his own particular blend of purpose, tenacity and insight: and all flavored, too, with a wee bit of his wry wit and wisdom--a true Scotch blend.

Glen, the name he was best known by in his U. of M. years, lived and worked by strict design and organization. He loved the challenges and rewards of academe--and the opportunities for serving his fellow men and university: with honesty and justice. And therein lay Glen's uniqueness: to never give up, never waver, and never yield to peer force--as true and stalwart a Scot as ever lived.

Midway in his graduate student days at the U. of M., Glen's personal life reached its best day of all days, a day to celebrate every year the rest

of his life. It was 14 June 1929, the day he married his lifelong partner-to-be, Veda Mae Blakeman, a former school days sweetheart.

Shortly after completing his Ph.D. and a few years as instructor at the U. of M., Glen was recommended for and accepted a new job with the new and rapidly developing Tennessee Valley Authority. The TVA work then led to another milestone job step-up: an offer and appointment to a potentially permanent faculty position, in 1936, in the Department of Geography at UCLA. And it was this new California base that served as Glen's professional career arena--until his eventual retirement, as professor of geography, from the faculty of the University of California, in 1968.

By the mid-30s, with a fairly assured professional position at UCLA, increasing periods of free time and spare funds gradually allowed the Glendinning family to indulge a little more in their longtime interests, in their great love with the great outdoors: traveling the vast western desert lands, trout-fishing the cold High Sierra mountain-streams, and professional field research and writing about these lands. But always, Glen was watchful not to allow pleasure to encroach upon his professional and academic purposes and duties. He designed most of his early career research to the dry-lands of the Southwest. These lands became his family's outdoor second-home. Death Valley was their great fascination: God's country, no less. The desert sands were in Glen's moccasins, cactus thorns in his fingers, and fish-hooks in his pockets. Glen's first 10 years at UCLA were spent researching the physical aspects and land-use of these arid lands of California and Nevada in considerable detail.

Glen's earlier writing horizons expanded, rather suddenly and dramatically during the last year of WWII, to a composite world-wide concept, in greater depth: when he joined two long-time Michigan-days associates, in coauthoring a new series of college textbooks on introduction to geography, both physical and cultural. This series enjoyed world-wide adoption and is still in use in successive new editions. Also, true to his dedication to students at all levels, Glen authored several elementary school geography books that had wide national adoptions.

As a department chairman (rotating), Glen was outstanding. He gave the same meticulous care to administrative duties and the needs of faculty and staff that he did to his field research, teaching and textbooks. During Glen's chairmanship, plans were mooted and developed for departmental expansions that would encompass all aspects of the field of geography. And nation-wide, the UCLA geography department came to rank among the leaders in the discipline of geography.

Glen's lifetime influence upon geography is quite beyond measure. His courses on the physical bases of geography provided the solid basic foundation upon which a great number of future geographic leaders built their careers. And for his graduate students, and for the new younger members of his

department, he did innumerable things, large and small, to make their paths smoother and more professional.

But, from the inevitable toll of long working hours on University duties and in the classroom and home workroom, plus several lingering and compounding health afflictions, and nature's determined aging processes, the once indefatigable Scot wearied a little more each of his last dozen winters. On 22 June 1985, Glen died: quietly, peacefully and on his feet to his last day. He was one of those sterling men of yesteryear, who died with his boots on.

Glen's devoted wife, Veda, of more than half a century, also was in poor health during her husband's last infirm years. Then, her condition worsened rapidly, and she followed him in death within a few months. On 15 January 1986, Veda died: also peacefully and alert to her last few days. The unfortunate passing of these two splendid people leaves behind an only child, daughter Bonnie Jean Russell, and two grandchildren, Robert Charles Russell and Christa Jean Russell.

Glen received help with great appreciation: And Glen gave of himself with great humility.

In sorrow and with deepest gratitude, his daughter and grandchildren, his many close friends, and Glen's legion of past associates and students at UCLA, all say: Thank you for sharing all you did. Robert Morton Glendinning was a man's man, and a man who made friends and who cherished and kept them. God Bless.

Clifford H. MacFadden Richard F. Logan Benjamin Thomas


Frank Mayer Goyan, Chemistry: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Frank Mayer Goyan, professor of chemistry, was born in Placerville, California, on June 22, 1908. After completing high school in this gold-rush town in 1926, Frank entered the University of California at Berkeley. He obtained B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry in 1930, 1931 and 1937, respectively, and, while a graduate student in Berkeley, taught part time in the School of Pharmacy in San Francisco. Upon completion of his doctorate, he was appointed as an instructor in chemistry within the school. Thus began a lifetime career dedicated to the teaching of chemistry and physical chemistry, during which he served under five Deans, Henry C. Biddle, Henry B. Carey, Carl L.A. Schmidt, Troy C. Daniels and Jere E. Goyan.

Frank's Ph.D. dissertation research in the Department of Chemistry on the Berkeley campus employed practical and theoretical aspects of electrochemistry. It consisted of an evaluation of certain thermodynamic properties of individual ions in solution. Frank's initial appointment in the School of Pharmacy, as a part-time associate, involved him first as a teaching assistant in general chemistry and later in quantitative analytical chemistry. When he obtained the Ph.D. degree in Berkeley, the School of Pharmacy was expanding its curriculum to give the professional pharmacy students a richer basic science background; one of the subjects chosen for introduction was physical chemistry. To fulfill this curricular goal, Frank accepted a regular academic appointment as an instructor in chemistry.

A by-product of the teaching laboratory he initiated in physical chemistry was the development of what we believe is the first integrated electrochemical pH meter used to demonstrate the principles of thermodynamics. Two student coauthors on the publication (1940) describing this “universal pH meter and simplified vacuum-tube electrometer” were “D. Barnes and H. Hind,” names familiar since then within the pharmaceutical world. The importance of pH in ophthalmic solutions was explored and explained in several subsequent articles. One of these articles earned for Frank and

Harry Hind the coveted Ebert Prize of the American Pharmaceutical Association in 1948.

Isotonicity, another physicochemical property related thermodynamically to osmotic pressure, was studied in his laboratory and came to be recognized as important in the preparation of ophthalmic solutions. Frank's bibliography includes a series of papers on the development of electronic methods for measurement of isotonicity and other applications of osmotic pressure, including the detection of dimerization and complex formation in solutions of mixed solutes.

Frank was an extraordinary faculty member--extraordinary for his interest in both the education and welfare of his students. Many students were given interest-free loans with no questions asked. This generous act was even more common during his duties as acting dean of students for the entire campus when he gave his secretary signed blank personal checks to take care of students in need of emergency loans. Frank gave financial and moral support to many student functions. Hundreds of pharmacy and graduate students remember the late-night “pizza” retreats for which Frank always insisted on picking up the tab.

Students in scholastic difficulty were always given special consideration. Frank would not yield to improper conduct or false excuses but, if he felt a student's problem was real, he would do everything he could to help the student resolve it. It is no wonder that he affectionately became known as “Uncle Frank.”

There is no doubt that Frank enjoyed every bit of his University work. When enumerating his duties in conversations with his non-University friends, he would report that he spent his time talking with people, reading magazines, doing fun experiments and writing. They would invariably respond that his job (as he described it) sounded like leisure time. He would agree and facetiously ask them not to tell the Regents, for they would then charge him for the privilege rather than pay him a salary.

In recognition of Frank Goyan's contributions to the University through his teaching, his research and his interactions with his students, a memorial reading/conference room is being established by the School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, on the nomination and contributions of an alumnus who was his Ph.D. protege. The room will be located on the fourth floor of the main building on the Laurel Heights Campus, a facility to which the research faculty of the school is expecting to move in 1989. The room is a fitting memorial to this faculty member who opened his mind, his heart, his house and his pocketbook to so many who have been associated with the school.

Thomas N. Tozer L. Dallas Tuck


Cesar Grana, Sociology: San Diego


Cesar Grana, professor of sociology at the University of California, San Diego, was killed August 24 in an auto collision on the road between Cadiz and Seville, Spain. He was 67. In his work he bridged the scholarly worlds of the humanities and the social sciences. His intellectual style expressed the very tensions between the romantic and the rational that formed the subject of his studies.

Professor Grana was born in Peru and studied at the University of San Marcos in Lima. Coming to the United States in 1942, he continued his studies at Brown and Duke universities. In 1947, he began a long attachment to the University of California, receiving his Ph.D. in sociology in 1957. He taught there, the University of Puerto Rico and the University of Chicago College and the University of Illinois. In 1964, he came to UC Davis and subsequently to UC Santa Cruz before joining UC San Diego in 1972. He is best known for his work in the sociology of art, where his book Bohemia versus Bourgeois: French Society and the French Man of Letters in the Nineteenth Century (1964) remains a major study (paperback title: Modernity and Its Discontents). A collection of his essays, Fact and Symbol, was published some years later. It was nominated for the National Book Award. At UCSD he played a key role in the development of CILAS (Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies) and served for one year as chairman of the Department of Sociology. He was an inspiring teacher and a conscientious colleague.

A bare recitation of facts hides the quality of the human being and his scholarship. Cesar would have found it symbolic of just those tensions that his own work illuminated. For Grana, style was the core of action. Some of his colleagues were fortunate to spend Holy Week in Seville with him in 1974. To experience the ritualism, the bullfights, the arts and architecture, the religious and social organization of that city and those events through his knowledge and wisdom was to understand what cultures are about.


That his was an erudition across history, art, aesthetics and sociology is itself not so rare. The style of the man made the difference. Where others are interesting or useful, Cesar was profound. His speech, like his writing, was always close to the poetic, enriched by his charm and civility. To talk with him was to see the familiar several levels richer. He had a deep sense of the mythological and the symbolic in human life. He was a man of sophistication and faith: both Catholic and catholic. Born in Peru, he was a vibrant enthusiast of the United States: its institutions, it popular culture, its sports, especially baseball. At the same time, he remained immersed in Hispanic culture, spending much time in Spain. During his last years, he was at work on a major study of Spanish life: its culture, social organization and the travail of an old, traditional style of life under the blows of industrial organization. He was also working on a sociology of European art.

The very subject of his sociology was in many ways contiguous with his life experiences. The modern university, so geared to a consciousness molded by canons of industrial production was never fully his home. He carried the flag of an individuality and humanism seldom at ease with bureaucratic university organization. The last sentences of Modernity and Its Discontents represent both him and his scholarship:

“It is not merely a question of a vain and superstitious disregard for science or the provincialism of humanists who refuse to accept the enormous managerial problems of the modern world, or of the willful social obscurantism of the romantic mind. It is a question of the essential impact of an ever more rationalized mode of existence upon the life-space available to some of the oldest forms of human imagination. If a scientifically intended society means putting human experience on a flat, well-lit plane which leads in a straight line toward a perennially deliberate future, the literary mind may be said to represent in its most rebellious form a case of intellectual fatigue before the secular version of infinity.”

Bennett M. Berger Joseph R. Gusfield Carlos H. Waisman


Louis D. Greenberg, Pathology: San Francisco


Louis Greenberg commenced his full and meaningful life in Pueblo, Colorado, where he was born into a family of six boys and one girl and raised alone by a remarkable widowed mother. Later she received statewide recognition as Mother-of-the-Year, with four of her children becoming university professors--biochemistry, physics, medicine and an engineer, and one a businessman. Louis was, therefore, a part of a family submerged in education, in scholarly achievements and integrity. These were characteristics that were a part of him throughout his life.

As a person, he was a friend to everyone in the department, thoughtful, quiet and possessor of much wisdom which, however, had to be asked for. Thus, he was not an opinion former but that important member of the group that stabilizes its actions, makes them pertinent, sensitive and realistic. He was a total product of the University of California starting with his bachelor's degree in 1930, then his doctor of philosophy (biochemistry) and being recruited directly to the San Francisco campus faulty. He was a lifetime member of the Department of Pathology, where he rose steadily to the full professorship. Being in the medical school and a specialty department fully staffed by M.D.s, except for him, his voice was the essential basic scientific conscience of the department in its inner councils.

His creative work focused from the beginning in the field that only comparatively recently has attracted the full public interest, namely, nutrition and more specifically vitamins. He was a pioneer in numerous research presentations and papers concerning the relationship to disease of deficiencies in the large vitamin B group, vitamin D, vitamin C and also of cholesterol. His research was meticulously controlled, accurate, precise and admired. He chose to do his research using the more demanding area of experimental animal nutrition rather than clinical human nutrition because of the importance to him of quantitation and control for meaningful conclusions. To that end, for years he maintained families of macacus rhesus monkeys and of guinea pigs. He used controlled diets on adults and youngsters to study the effect

of nutrition and vitamins on illness and disease pathogenesis. He explored the biochemical interface of some of man's most serious diseases: arteriosclerosis, rheumatic fever, scurvy, liver diseases and nervous system degeneration and injury. In his field, he was recognized for his expertise in comparative pathology and was a long time member of that graduate group and chairman of the Graduate Group in Nutrition.

He was an essential member of the teaching faculty of the department, always willingly, carefully and effectively carrying the full responsibility of lectures and seminars for medical students on the many diseases, both in adults and infants, as they relate to nutritional deficiencies.

He was a much liked member of the faculty who was important in the daily function of the department and its many committees. The extent of his quiet contributions became obvious following his retirement when it became the duty of others to assume them. Louis remained in the Bay Area after retirement with his lifelong partner, Helen. They had one child, Caroline, a physician graduate of the University of San Francisco. His health was such that almost all of his 10 years of retirement were pleasurable and provided the opportunity to pursue many of the scholarly cultured activities that he loved.

Warren L. Bostick


David Herman Grimm, Oral Surgery: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

David Grimm, emeritus professor and pioneer in the development of the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, died after a brief illness on July 27, 1986 in his boyhood home in Provo, Utah. He was well known as a gentlemanly and humane teacher, scholar, and administrator whose leadership enabled him to develop almost single-handedly one of the outstanding graduate oral surgery programs in the country.

David Herman Grimm was born October 4, 1904 in Provo, Utah, where he spent his early years. In October of 1925 he entered the Chicago College of Dental Surgery, later to become the Loyola University School of Dentistry. In his last two years of dental school he served as a prosector in the Department of Anatomy and was graduated in June 1929 with the degree of doctor of dental surgery. David then returned to his home state, where he practiced dentistry for the next five years. In 1935 he entered the University of California in San Francisco, where a year later he was awarded a master of science degree.

Dean Guy S. Millberry was so impressed with Dr. Grimm's graduate research on the structure of the human mandible that he offered David an appointment as teaching assistant in dental surgery in the College of Dentistry. However, David declined the appointment to accept a Carnegie Fellowship in the Division of Oral Medicine, where he continued his work under the direction of Herman Becks until 1938. Following a year as a resident at the Sonoma County Hospital, he entered into the private practice of oral surgery in San Francisco. During this time he affiliated himself with the Division of Oral Surgery on a part-time basis.

In 1943, Dean, later Chancellor, Willard C. Fleming noted that “Dr. Grimm has shown a marked interest and ability in teaching oral surgery” and recommended his appointment as an assistant professor in dental surgery. David Grimm accepted the appointment and thus began his distinguished full-time career at the University of California.


Almost immediately he undertook extensive teaching responsibilities at the undergraduate, postgraduate, and graduate levels and developed a long record of effective teaching. At a time when dentists who specialized in surgery of the mouth had little or no organized training beyond undergraduate dental school he saw the need for a dentist more knowledgeable in the basic medical sciences, to be trained in hospital protocol, and accepted in the operating room in order that disorders and diseases of the jaws might be better treated by a clinician with training in and appreciation for the masticatory system. Grimm, with the cooperation of the graduate school in Berkeley and the medical school in San Francisco, developed a three-year post-doctoral curriculum in the dental specialty of Oral Surgery. In 1950, the School of Dentistry accepted the first of a number of dentists as graduate students in Oral Surgery, who upon completion of the program received a master's degree in the clinical discipline of oral surgery, and at the same time the necessary training for certification by the American Board of Oral Surgery. He developed and nurtured the specialty training in oral and maxillofacial surgery at UCSF for over two decades. Almost from its beginning, his program because known as one of the best of its kind in the United States.

His efforts were rewarded in 1955 by promotion to professor of oral surgery and appointment as chairman of the Division of Oral Surgery. His first objective was to increase the quality and scope of the clinical oral surgery experience for DDS-degree students. He was able to do this by increasing curriculum time and the number of full- and part-time faculty. His second major objective, and the most difficult challenge of all, was to enlarge his residency program in oral surgery. David Grimm was chairman during a time when directors of residency programs and accreditation officials were seeking inclusion and expansion of basic science education for graduate and postdoctoral students. Grimm worked closely with Russell Coleman to develop a nationally respected program in advanced anatomy. In cooperation first with the Department of Pathology and later with the Division of Oral Pathology, Grimm added high quality education in these important disciplines. His third objective was to increase training in oral pharmacology, which he was able to accomplish with Max Goodson of the School of Dentistry. Other biological sciences, such as histology, biochemistry, and microbiology, were also increased in curriculum time. Grimm then sought to increase the research productivity of both faculty and residents. Despite serious restrictions in research facilities and faculty workload, he was able to increase markedly the research effort of the division.

Although primarily known for his teaching and organizational abilities, David Grimm found time for research and creative activity beginning with his experiences as a Carnegie fellow. His publications dealt mainly with clinical problems in his speciality. They were concerned not merely with

technical procedures but also with developments in the use of drugs and studies in wound healing. Grimm became recognized as a highly skilled oral surgeon, and, not surprisingly, he served as a consultant to numerous local hospitals. Various branches of the federal government also called upon him from time to time for consultant services. He was in wide demand to lecture before professional societies and other institutions of higher learning in this country and abroad.

As one would expect of someone with Grimm's dedication and capabilities, he held membership and was active in national and local dental and specialty societies. He was elected to membership in several honor societies and to fellowship in the prestigious American College of Dentists. He was, of course, a diplomate of the American Board of Oral Surgery.

He was clearly devoted to his university and from his most early days served cheerfully and enthusiastically over the years as a member or chairman of virtually every Senate and dental school committee. In fact, he was so dedicated that Dean Fleming was moved to write that “the only time Dr. Grimm takes for recreation, relaxation, and rest is on Wednesday afternoons as a member of the Budget Committee” (later the Committee on Academic Personnel). Grimm served seven years on the Budget Committee in addition to the Committee on Courses, Committee on Committees, Educational Policy Committee (San Francisco Division and statewide) plus many ad hoc campus committees in charge of making important decisions.

Because of these experiences and the high esteem in which faculty and students on the San Francisco campus held Grimm, it seemed only natural that he would eventually be appointed assistant dean in the School of Dentistry with responsibilities in student evaluation, faculty development, and curriculum enrichment. This position he held under Dean Ben W. Pavone until his appointment as professor of oral surgery emeritus on July 1, 1972. Upon his retirement the returned with his wife, the former Arvilla Singleton, to the family home in Provo, Utah, where they lived until his death. They had been married 60 years.

David Grimm was a modest man, reluctant to discuss his accomplishments, but this did not prevent others from extolling his virtues. Philip Blackerby Jr. of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, wrote glowingly of Grimm's successful efforts to promote dental education in South America. During the winter of 1950-51 he provided organizational advice to several South American universities and was made an honorary member del Colegio de Odontologos de Venezuela.

It was a delight to be associated with David. He had a fine sense of humor and a contagious laugh. He was able to accomplish his goals and objectives in a diplomatic and confident manner while still maintaining an intense interest in the welfare of those with whom he dealt. But work was only a part of his life. David was a gourmet chef and had a very active

social life, enjoying exquisite home entertaining and the theater. We are saddened to have lost such a dear and loyal friend, but we can all rejoice that he chose to make his career at the University of California, San Francisco.

Louis S. Hansen Ben W. Pavone Robert W. Rule William H. Ware


Francis Alan Gunther, Entomology: Riverside

Chemist in the Agricultural Experiment Station

Francis Alan Gunther served the University of California for the whole of his professional life. He spent a career of 44 years as a leader in the development of analytical methods for pesticide residues and in the determination of the physical and chemical fates of pesticides and related chemical residues in the environment. While so doing, he developed and directed what was indeed a national and international center of research on these subjects.

He was born in Los Angeles, California, July 2, 1918, and spent his youth in Colorado, where his father was a banker. There he graduated from Longmont High School in 1935 and from the University of Colorado, receiving an A.B., cum laude, in 1939 with a major in chemistry. Shortly after receiving the M.A. degree in chemistry at UCLA in 1941, he was employed as a laboratory assistant by Walter Ebeling in the Division of Entomology of the Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside, California. While maintaining his affiliation at Riverside, later as an associate in the Experiment Station, he continued graduate work at UCLA, completing a residency, and received the doctorate in chemistry there in 1947. He was then appointed assistant insect toxicologist in the Agricultural Experiment Station and proceeded through the ranks to full title in 1956. With the formation of a graduate division at UCR and his assumption of teaching duties, Francis' title was changed to professor of entomology and chemist in 1961.

His professional affiliation with the University spanned the development of pesticide residue analysis, as a phase of the science of plant protection, all the way from kerosene and rotenone to the photochemically stable pyrethroids. These studies included extensive research on the residue fates of the major groups of organic insecticides--the chlorinated hydrocarbons, the organo-phosphates, and the carbamates, as well as the pyrethroids. Thus, his career coincided with the development of virtually all of our present day chemical resources in protection of our crops from infestation by arthropod pests.


He exerted his influence in many ways. He was a very productive researcher and masterful organizer. Benefitting from his inventive talent, pesticide residue research was developed in many facets in his laboratories. The results were recorded with his colleagues in 301 publications, including two books. These treated the development of a wide range of methodologies for pesticide residue analysis, on or in substrates of a wide range of plant products, as well as in soils, water and air. A special focus was directed at the development of methods for automation of analysis. Residue data providing clearance by federal and state agencies for use of many pesticides on California crops, especially on citrus fruits, were developed in his laboratory. A particular research area in later years concerned the worker environment in citrus orchards, minimizing occupational exposure to pesticides. He collaborated closely with entomologists responsible for the field and orchard aspects of the work.

As well, his career was distinguished by his editorships. He began the series Residue Reviews now embracing 97 volumes. He was an associate editor of Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, and of the Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, each begun at his request by Springer-Verlag. As well he served terms on the advisory board of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, which was established following his persistent requests for this specific kind of journal.

His reputation led him to many national and international assignments. He served on advisory committees for the National Science Foundation, the National Research Council, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency. His research was liberally supported by several federal granting agencies and especially by the Citrus Advisory Board and the agricultural chemical industry. His consultantships involved visiting lectureships in Germany, Switzerland, and France, as well as in Cyprus, Argentina, South Africa, Israel, and Greece. He was a speaker, often in a plenary session, in numerous international symposia. The laboratories which he developed were a mecca for researchers in his field, including over the years some 56 research-study visitors and visiting post-doctoral scholars. These came from every continent and twenty-two nations.

Gunther was a co-founder and first chairman of the San Gorgonio Section of the American Chemical Society. His years of effort in this section brought chemists of the area together and engendered a special bond among its members. This section has established an award for high school teachers, the Francis Alan Gunther Award, for purchase of equipment and supplies not accessible through normal budgeting.

Another aspect of his career was his term as chair of the Department of Entomology, during which his leadership talents were expressed in the many aspects of the function of a large research and teaching department of 34 faculty members. In recent years he was active as a member of the

Friends of the UCR Botanic Gardens and was serving as vice president prior to his death.

Along the way he gathered a number of honors. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemists, a Fulbright Research Lecturer, and received the Wiley Award of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

Francis' leadership arose not only from his insight, his very perspicacity and diligence in pursuing research and editorial goals, but as well from his high order of talent as an organizer and administrator. Tubber, as he was affectionately known by his colleagues, was a man of unfailing courtesy and with a gifted sense of humor. He was a man of very considerable presence, of consistency and stability, of enduring character--a true conservative. For many years he held a certain place at a table for luncheon in the University Club, where he and his friends enjoyed each other's conversation and companionship. He refused to discuss politics, never raised his voice in anger, maintaining a calm and considerate demeanor under all circumstances.

Francis was a family man and his family life was long and happy. He and Samerida Jane Davies were married in 1942, and they had four sons, a daughter and four grandsons. Jane was a painstaking, worthy and career-long collaborator in Francis' editorial work and was assistant editor of Residue Reviews. As well, she is an author in her own right of Riverside County, California, Place Names: Their Origins and Their Stories.

After a courageous struggle against the ravages of severe emphysema, he passed away on September 14, 1985. In addition to the members of his immediate family, he is survived by his mother and one brother. We will miss his company and his counsel and his contributions to the life of the University.

A.M. Boyce G.E. Carman L.R. Jeppson M.M. Barnes


Lucien B. Guze, Medicine: Los Angeles

Professor in Residence

One of the finest teachers of internal medicine in his generation was taken from us when Lucien Benjamin Guze died of sudden cardiac arrest on March 14, 1985 at the age of 57.

Lu was born in 1928 in New York, attended New York University and George Washington School of Medicine, from which he received his M.D. degree at the age of 23. He did his core residency in internal medicine at Grady and Barnes Hospitals and then spent two pivotal years as a fellow in infectious diseases under Paul Beeson at Yale. There is little question that Beeson became and remained his “unreachable star” throughout a career of research and teaching that emulated many of the accomplishments of his mentor.

Lu moved to Los Angeles in 1957 and remained there for the rest of his life, rising to the rank of professor of medicine in residence at the UCLA School of Medicine by 1968. He was a member of the staff of Wadsworth VA Hospital (now VA Medical Center West Los Angeles, Wadsworth Division) throughout these 28 years, first as a clinical investigator and then, from 1959, as chief of staff for research. Under his stimulus and guidance, the research program at Wadsworth rose to great size and eminence. He was a powerful force toward strengthening the VA-UCLA relationship, a goal he worked for throughout his career. While still based at Wadsworth, he became chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Harbor General Hospital (now Harbor-UCLA Medical Center) in 1967 and continued in that position until 1981. Although only half-time at it, his brilliance as a teacher and as a judge of others led to the creation of a new program of great distinction at Harbor.

Lu was revered, to a degree that few teachers are, by students, residents and fellows. His one-month elective in infectious diseases for fourth-year medical students was, by a wide margin, the most popular elective program available at UCLA. He received the award as the best teacher in the school from no less than five graduating classes (and equalled Sherman Mellinkoff's

record of three years consecutively). He exhibited extraordinary breadth and depth of knowledge; he instinctively practiced and taught the art of medicine; and, above all, he identified with students. He was less of a teacher than a stimulator of learning. He created excitement without a trace of arrogance or condescension. He did important things for students without a shadow of self-importance.

The wider medical world recognized Lu Guze for his scientific contributions. His most important line of work was in experimental pyelonephritis. His group developed the first experimental model imitating the human disease; it was initiated by bacterial infection alone, without trauma, foreign materials, obstruction or ischemia of the kidneys. It was characterized by persistence of an inflammatory process even after all bacteria had been eliminated. The rat model was used for a wide range of studies demonstrating, among other things, that protoplasts were not pathogenetically important, that a mononuclear infiltrate far outlasted the bacterial infection, that there were many evidences of the presence of a renal immunologic reaction, and that serum of the pyelonephritic rat could not transfer the inflammatory process to another animal but parobiosis could (suggesting a cellular mode of transmission). In a similar model in mice, susceptibility to developing chronic pyelonephritis was shown to be influenced by H-2 haplotype, suggesting dependence on an immune-response gene linked to the major histocompatibility locus.

Guze and his collaborators worked notably in several other areas: with Harwick, he described mycoplasma arthritis in mice; with Yoshikawa, high-performance liquid chromatography to measure antibiotics in serum; with Edwards, the classic description of Candida ophthalmitis; and, with Chow, defined the role of anaerobic microorganisms in pelvic inflammatory disease.

Lu Guze received appropriate recognition for his scholarly accomplishments. In addition to the many teaching awards, he was singled out by the V.A. for the Administrator of Veterans Affairs' commendation in 1965 and the William S. Middleton Award for outstanding achievement in medical research later the same year. In 1967, he received the Arthur S. Flemming Award honoring the 10 outstanding young men in the Federal Government.

Throughout a life filled with accomplishments, Lu Guze remained unassuming. When problems arose, he would always say, “Let's have a chat over a cup of coffee.” Somehow, the problems usually dissolved in the coffee. He was inspirational and humanistic. As a friend, he was warm, considerate, gracious and protective. Lu also had courage. During the last 12 years of his life, his mettle was tested, first by a tragic and protracted illness of his first wife, Patty, and then by his own heart disease. He responded to both with understanding and hope.


Lu Guze was a brilliant and scholarly man who left an indelible mark on the field of infectious diseases, on three major academic medical centers and on his many friends throughout the United States.

Lawrence Freedman David Solomon


Warren Haggstrom, Social Welfare: Los Angeles

Associate Professor

Warren C. Haggstrom, associate professor at the UCLA School of Social Welfare, died May 13, 1986 at his home following a long illness with cancer. He was 60 years of age. He is survived by his mother, Tillie Haggstrom, his children, Richard, Marni Rae, Erik and Karin Haggstrom and Valerie Koski; and by his wife, Ophelia.

Born on his family's farm in Ottertail County, Minnesota, Warren grew up to witness the devastation of drought and depression that wasted the economics of the Midwest in the 1930s. At one point the family joined the trek of dispossessed farmers in search of work in the Southwest. Warren recalled wryly that his introduction to Hollywood was from the crowded bed of the family's aged truck. Though the climate was more salubrious than that of Minnesota, work was no more plentiful, and the family returned to Minnesota. This environment, his family's involvement with the Minnesota Farmers Union, and the area's deeply rooted commitment to the Scandinavian traditions of social justice shaped what was to be a lifelong concern for the poor and the powerless.

Following graduation from high school in 1942, Warren worked as a farm laborer in Minnesota and North Dakota. He enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1944 and was honorably discharged in 1946. With the support of the G.I. Bill, he entered the University of Minnesota where his superior intellect was quickly recognized. He received his B.S. summa cum laude in 1949 with a joint degree in philosophy and psychology. After a brief period of employment as a social caseworker with the Hennepin County Public Welfare Department he entered the University of Minnesota School of Social Work and received his M.S.W. degree in 1958. Shortly thereafter, he matriculated at the University of Michigan and received his Ph.D. in 1962 with a joint degree in social work and social psychology.

Following graduation he was appointed assistant professor at the Syracuse University of Social Work and director of the Community Action Training Center. In 1960 he joined the faculty of the UCLA School of Social Welfare and served as associate professor until his death.


At UCLA, Warren taught courses in grass root organizing, social policy and community development. At this best, he was a creative and provocative teacher who attracted a small but highly dedicated coterie of students, many of whom have achieved positions of national eminence in both higher education and leadership positions within welfare and civil rights people's movements. He published numerous papers over his lifetime and was nationally recognized for his writings on poverty and the theory and practice of organizing indigenous groups. In his later years he devoted most of his attention to the development of a “language action science” which he envisioned would provide the means through which the social sciences could be revitalized and become more capable of serving effectively the attainment of a just and humane society.

Warren's greatest love and sanctuary was the library where he was a familiar patron. It was the treasury which contained clues and inspiration for his search for answers to the complex problems he had the courage to confront. Although a skilled statistician, he lamented the encroachment of the computer age which he believed distracted students and scholars from the books and the continuing conversations of scholarly inquiry. Although he was the author of several widely cited seminal articles published in professional journals, these were but a fraction of the many papers and extended commentaries he wrote to clarify his ideas or to assist his students. Likewise, he carried on a voluminous correspondence with both scholars and the isolated organizers who turned to him for counsel.

Warren had a reputation throughout his life as a “disturber of the peace.” It was an attribution which he cherished, for he insisted that while individuals continued to suffer needlessly and were deprived of the power to attain their rights, that ours was a counterfeit peace that cried out for correction. The world is not always at ease with disturbers of the peace or those who draw attention to the distance that separates professions of belief and action; this is no less true of academia than of the marketplace and to a considerable degree Warren lived the life of the outsider and stranger.

Throughout his professional career, Warren lived with his family among the “outsiders” whose cause he served. It was a milieu whose vitality and hope belied the physical decay and disorganization, and one from which he drew the inspiration to persevere against the loneliness and doubts that pursue all pioneers.

Warren evidenced his share of the faults and foibles that reminded us that he was one of us. Yet even his severest critic would not deny the enduring aura of his unique presence nor the impact that his company has had on all who share his dream.

Maurice F. Connery Alex Norman Harry Wasserman


Wayland D. Hand, Germanic Languages: Los Angeles

Professor of Germanic Languages and Folklore, Emeritus

Wayland D. Hand was born on 19 March 1907 in Auckland, New Zealand where his father had taken the family in an attempt to start a new existence. The experiment failed, and within a few years the father returned with the family to Utah, where Wayland Hand was to spend the remainder of his youth. He graduated from the University of Utah with a B.A. in 1933 and received his M.A. the following year at the same institution. Two years later he received the Ph.D. in German at the University of Chicago, having written a dissertation on German Alpine folksongs under his mentor, Archer Taylor. He taught for one year as an instructor of German at the University of Minnesota before coming to UCLA in 1937 where he was to remain for the rest of his career. Among his many achievements at UCLA was the building up of the folklore collection in the University Research Library, which is unrivalled at any university in the world. He also founded the Center for the Study of Comparative Folklore and Mythology, which became one of the finest research institutes of its kind in the world, as well as the interdepartmental teaching program at UCLA which awards its own M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. During his years at UCLA he also built the center library into an excellent research apparatus, contributing most of the books through purchases out of his own pocket. On 19 March 1977, his 70th birthday, the center library was officially named the “Wayland D. Hand Library of Folklore and Mythology,” the announcement being made at a birthday party held at the Sunset Recreation Center.

Wayland Hand's accomplishments over the years are numerous, and the honors bestowed upon him form a list that seems endless. Among them, from 1947 to 1950 he was chairman of the Department of Germanic Languages. He was editor of the Journal of American Folklore from 1947-1951 and editor of Western Folklore from 1954 to 1966. He also served as President of the American Folklore Society from 1955 to 1956.

Wayland Hand's reputation for scholarship soon spread far beyond the shores of the United States. He won the Giuseppe Pitré Prize for International

Folklore in 1965, the first American ever to receive this prestigious award. He was elected a fellow of the Wellcome Museum of London and of the Folklore Society of Great Britain in 1970. He not only served the International Society for Folk-Narrative Research as vice-president from 1964, but in 1978 this most important of folklore societies elected him honorary vice-president for life. And in 1972 he was knighted by the Finnish government as a knight first-class in the Order of the Lion.

Of all of Wayland Hand's many achievements, none is more remarkable than the Archive of American Popular Beliefs and Superstitions, consisting of nearly two million individual items that he assembled and classified over a period of 45 years. It is this collection that forms the data-base for his Encyclopedia of Popular Beliefs and Superstitions, a project that continues after his death. This amazing collection is unique, and stands as a fitting monument to a productive career of devotion and dedication.

Wayland D. Hand died on 22 October 1986 at the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania air terminal of a heart seizure. He had spent several days in Detroit, participating in sessions with colleagues working to bring his Encyclopedia of American Popular Beliefs and Superstitions to fruition, and had departed Detroit that morning to attend the annual meetings of the American Folklore Society in Baltimore with a scheduled stop in Pittsburgh to change planes. His friends and colleagues waited for him in vain at the Baltimore hotel in which the meetings were held. With his death the UCLA program in Folklore and Mythology lost its most illustrious and its founding member.

Eli Sobel D.K. Wilgus Donald Ward


John C. Holladay, Mathematics: Irvine


The Department of Mathematics regrets to announce the loss of one of its veterans and the first death to occur in the history of the department. John C. Holladay passed away of a heart attack on December 22, 1986 at the age of 58.

Professor Holladay was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1928 and did his undergraduate work at the University of Virginia. His graduate work was done at Yale, where he was a thesis student of C. E. Rickart. From Yale he went to Los Alamos, where he served for nine years, later going to the Institute of Defense Analysis where he spent five years. He then came to UC Irvine as a full professor and there taught for almost 20 years.

Although one of his earlier papers contained the interesting and surprising result that the Stone-Weierstrass theorem could be extended to functions taking quaternion values, Holladay was not interested in the development of a theory through a sequence of theorems--he sought rather to solve interesting and often practical problems. At this type of work he had a peculiar gift, and at Los Alamos he acquired an almost legendary reputation for his skill. He particularly impressed Stanislaus Ulam, inventor of the H-bomb, in this respect. He was one of the first workers in the theory of spline approximation; in fact he was one of the discoverers of that type of approximation.

This cast of mind led him to an intense interest in games and game theory. He made effective use of game theory in his work with the Institute of Defense Analysis. But his greatest joy was in the games themselves: he was a bridge Life Master and an acknowledged expert in the Japanese game of Go. A number of his publications are in-depth studies of particular games.

At Irvine he was known as a devoted teacher who uncomplainingly took on large classes in elementary mathematics and gave his full attention to the students, and not just the good ones. Also he often taught classes in

statistics, a subject he could speak about with authority. He was a reliable and serene colleague who will be long remembered.

Takeo Akasaki William F. Donoghue Jr. George S. McCarty


Theodore D. Holstein, Physics: Los Angeles


The Department of Physics lost a respected and valued colleague and the physics community a towering figure when Theodore Holstein died on May 8, 1985, shortly before his 70th birthday. His contributions to physics included seminal papers in nuclear, atomic and especially solid-state physics. His work was characterized by rigor, concentration on central rather than peripheral issues and scholarship of the highest calibre. By current standards his rate of publication was modest. This was more than balanced, however, by the importance of his research and its impact. His papers were also extraordinarily thorough and encyclopedic in scope. In one of the last conversations that he had concerning his work, he spoke hopefully of completing “Appendix F” in an article in preparation. His interest in and passion for research remained high to the end of his days.

Theodore Holstein was born in New York on 18 September 1915. He earned his B.S. at New York University in 1935, his M.S. at Columbia University in 1936 and his Ph.D. at New York University in 1940. Following a short stay at the City College of New York, Holstein went to Westinghouse Research Laboratories, where he worked from 1941 until 1959. During this period he was primarily concerned with atomic physics. Beginning in the mid-1950s Holstein increasingly devoted himself to solid-state physics, publishing papers on the optical and galvanomagnetic properties of metals and his well-known initial pair of polaron papers. In 1959 Holstein joined the physics department of the University of Pittsburgh. He moved to Los Angeles in 1965. Although he continued his research in atomic physics, Holstein's efforts from about 1960 until his death were primarily directed toward electron and energy transport in solids.

Holstein's earliest research, performed with Henry Primakoff while he was a graduate student, resulted in the first paper on the strong three-body force in nuclear physics. In 1940 he published his first paper on solid-state physics, again with Primakoff, in which was set forth the famous Holstein-Primakoff formulation of quantum spin wave dynamics. In the middle

1940s he began working on a new research interest and published a series of papers on gas discharges, the most important of which concerned the imprisonment of resonance radiation. Further work in atomic physics included studies of the broadening of spectral lines. The field to which he was most devoted, however, and to which he made the greatest contributions, was solid-state physics. Research on infrared absorption in metals in the early and mid-50s was followed by the work with which his name is now inextricably linked, a series of monumental papers on polaron motion. Four papers, published from 1959 to 1964 in the Annals of Physics constitute the magnum opus on the topic. In 267 pages Professor Holstein described the system, set up the formalism and solved a series of fundamental problems. This work is still the standard reference on the theory of small polarons. His interests in solid-state physics ranged over the breadth of the field. He made important contributions to the theories of ultrasonic attenuation in metals, the quantum Hall effect, and various types of transport phenomena. His final effort was an attempt to understand and to formulate a model for charge transport in charge density wave systems.

Holstein received a number of honors over the course of his career. He was a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences. In 1984 he received an Alexander Von Humboldt Award.

As a professional colleague he displayed qualities that occasionally intimidated or alienated others, but that ultimately earned their respect. His standards were high and inflexible. A seminar speaker who was poorly prepared or whose research did not meet with Holstein's approval would find him or herself subjected to a barrage of questions. The worst fate awaiting such a speaker, however, was an abrupt dismissal, signaling a conclusion on the part of Professor Holstein that further discussion was not worth his while. By contrast, a friendly exchange between Professor Holstein and a speaker was a joy and a wonder. His comments and questions revealed a deep understanding of an enormous number of topics in physics. The connections that he noted would inform a speaker and audience alike. His adherence to a strict set of scientific standards sometimes set him at odds with other members of the department. On the other hand, the principles underlying his standards were widely perceived as appropriate and admirable; his scientific integrity was above question. When Holstein advocated an initiative it was, almost without exception, approved by the rest of the department. He was, in addition, indefatigable in his support of those colleagues whose research he admired.

Holstein's interests outside of physics included classical and ethnic music, literature and both recent and biblical history. He was extraordinarily well-read and would often amaze his friends with tidbits of arcane knowledge.

He was an avid swimmer and jogged until the last days of his illness. An accomplished raconteur, he enjoyed regaling his friends with jokes and anecdotes. His conviviality at the Wednesday night Journal Club dinners attended by many in the physics department is a warm memory. Theodore Holstein is, and will remain, fondly remembered and sorely missed.

He is survived by his wife Beverlee, daughter Lonna, son Stuart and a grandson Andy.

Raymond Orbach Joseph Rudnick Bernard Nefkens


Andrew Harlis Horn, Library and Information Science: Los Angeles


Andrew Harlis Horn, only child of a Dutch father and Swedish mother, was born in Ogden, Utah on July 22, 1914. His father was a Union Pacific railroad engineer who took his life when told that his cancer was inoperable. His mother was a self-educated court stenographer who recorded the Scopes monkey trial. She proved both ambitious for and possessive of her son, and wanted him to be known by her maiden name of Harlis.

Few ever matched Horn's devotion to his alma mater. From entry in 1935 from Venice High School and Santa Monica Junior College where he was student body president, through three successive degrees and several administrative positions, he served UCLA with energy and skill. Yet he also served his country in World War II as an enlisted man, refusing officer training in the hope of making it sooner to Europe. He was discharged as a sergeant, never having gotten beyond Florida where he taught classes of army misfits. He had begun teaching earlier when he tutored Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson at UCLA.

Years of straight A's led to the doctorate in medieval history in 1943, with a dissertation on the Hanseatic towns. He had been enticed from Joseph B. Lockey's field of Spanish American history by David K. Bjork who promised work in European archives. Graduate Dean Vern Knudsen said that Horn's doctoral oral was a brilliant performance.

After the army Horn was led to Johns Hopkins as an assistant professor of history by A. J. Meyer, a former UCLA graduate colleague, who sought later to recruit him to the American University in Beirut. The Hopkins year convinced Horn that research and publication were not what he really wanted. More direct contact with books and archives was his goal, and so he sought counsel from then UCLA Librarian Powell known to him in the late 1930s when the graduate student and the junior librarian met almost daily at the card catalog.

He was advised to get practical experience before entering graduate library school, and so he quit his carpenter's job in Glendale at three dollars

an hour for work at minimum student wages to list thousands of continental foreign language books the library had been unable to acquire during the war. This took him all summer, and so well was it done that little further cataloging was needed.

Before going to Berkeley for an M.L.S., Horn told Powell that he wanted to return to UCLA regardless of position or salary. During another year of only A's, Horn impressed Dean J. Periam Danton as the best student he had ever known. At mid-year he married Mary Baier, a Baltimore native he had met at Hopkins. Henceforth she and UCLA were his truest loves. Present at the wedding were several of Andy's doctoral fellows including Edwin Carpenter. Ed remembers that en route to the ceremony, Mary suggested that they stop for Andy to change to matching socks. He also remembers that Andy was the only member of their history gang to have equal distinction in both convivial fraternity and Phi Beta Kappa.

Graduation in 1948 brought job offers. UCB was as eager as UCLA to hire him. The dean was called on to arbitrate, and jokingly suggested that the candidate be examined to see if he bore a brand. He did indeed and so back he came to his alma mater.

There he joined special collections under Neal Harlow (another graduate of both campuses) as assistant head, with the new title of Archivist. Over the next few years a game of library musical chairs was played. When Harlow went to British Columbia, Horn succeeded him and promptly recruited several former history colleagues including Edwin Carpenter, James Mink, and John Charles Finzi. Wilbur J. Smith also joined the department and eventually succeeded Horn when he moved to the associate librarianship as Robert Vosper went to Kansas. Horn and Harlow began the California Library Association's first Library History committee and later Horn became a moving force in the University's first statewide archives program.

Each promotion found Horn reluctant to move up, yet so effective was he in organizing materials, procedures and services, and in dealing with staff and public, that he was always the inevitable choice for the ever more responsible assignment. When the university librarian was at Columbia in 1954 to teach and observe the workings of the mother of American library schools, Horn was in charge at UCLA.

Still another call came that spring, to head the library at the University of North Carolina. In leaving for Chapel Hill in 1954 he told his chief that if and when a library school was opened at UCLA, he wanted to come back and teach historical bibliography, research methods and archives. He was succeeded by Page Ackerman who later followed Robert Vosper as university librarian.

In three years at North Carolina Horn revivified that venerable library and also gained respect for his statewide participation in library matters.

What troubled him were the vestiges of racism. His former UCLA colleague, Glen Dumke, then dean of Occidental College, was searching for a new college librarian at the same time that the proposed library school was appearing on the UCLA budgetary horizon. It was agreed that Horn would be on loan until needed by his alma mater. In two years at Oxy he accomplished what most librarians would have taken many years to do.

And so in the fall of 1959 Horn returned to UCLA, this time for good. So fast had things happened outside Senate channels that he had to accept an initial appointment as lecturer. No matter. He was where he wanted to be, doing what he was fitted to do. While Powell continued also as dean until Vosper could return from Kansas to assume the librarianship, Horn single handedly created a curriculum, gathered a faculty, admitted 50 students, and prepared to open a graduate school in the fall of 1960. If the dean had been the spirit, Horn was now the form. Theirs was a rare symbiosis. The challenge was to make academically respectable what most regarded as a trade school.

In order to teach his preferred students, Horn decided that he must learn to print; accordingly he apprenticed Saul Marks, the most distinguished of local typographers. This led eventually to a Printing Chattel in the library basement, presses and types, and instruction theoretical and practical in the book arts. After retirement in 1979 Horn continued to meet printing students, while at home he operated his own Battledore Press. His research and publications were printed by him and his students in the history of library education and bibliography.

Horn took his first and only sabbatical in the spring of 1964 to visit European libraries and university presses. He returned prepared to succeed Dean Powell who intended to retire in 1966 at age 60. Of Horn's ensuing eight years, his successor, Robert M. Hayes, declared, “In the area of academic leadership, he served not only our school but the entire country. During the time he was a member of the Committee on Accreditation of the American Library Association, new standards were formulated. Throughout them one can find evidence of the fine perception Horn had of the balance between national standards of excellence and institutional responsibility for programs. When the trend was toward increasing the number of schools turning out more librarians, he led our school toward higher standards and quality. The pattern created by his leadership has guided us ever since.” Horn and Hayes gave the school its first two-year M.L.S. and the Ph.D. program.

Horn's worth was also testified by President David A. Saxon at a memorial service: “I had many opportunities to admire Andy Horn not only as a staunch advocate on behalf of UCLA, but also as someone whose breadth of vision led him always to put the interests of the entire university first. His ability to do his best for UCLA without losing sight of his responsibilities

to the university as a whole meant that he was often called upon to help in the task of reconciling points of view that others had given up as irreconcilable. He was superbly suited to the job--although it was always difficult and sometimes unappreciated--and his fine judgment and good counsel could always be relied on. I depended on him for both on many occasions. I also depended on him for his friendship, and I am proud to have known him and am grateful for all I learned from him about books and how they are made. He was a gentle, kind man. Along with the university he served so long and so well, I will miss him deeply.”

Such high distinction might make Andrew Horn seem a formidable person. Here rather was a democrat with the human touch at its best. Unselfseeking, diffident, a reluctant public speaker, courteous and beloved, Andy Horn never figuratively discarded the trenchcoat, tennis shoes and old felt hat which were his first UCLA habiliments. Later he wore a white lab coat when he jumped in to help shift stacks and reshelve books. In him head, hands and heart were in perfect harmony.

Andy Horn died in the St. Johns Hospital on May 23, 1983. At a campus service, from among many friends who wished to speak of their respect and affection, 15 offered thanks for him who exemplified the good life of learning and love. His devotion to the university was matched by his concern for people. Neal Harlow made a map giving the latitude and longitude in the Catalina channel where Andrew Horn's ashes were dropped.

Russell Shank Robert Vosper Robert Kinsman


Leon Howard, English: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Leon Howard was born on November 8, 1903 in Talladega, Alabama and died of complications resulting from emphysema on December 21, 1982. His wife, Henrietta, preceded him in death, dying in 1977. He is survived by their three children: Mr. Charles Howard of Los Gatos, Mrs. Kathleen Piper of Chico, and Mrs. Mary Cresswell of Wellington, New Zealand.

Leon received his A.B. degree from Birmingham-Southern College in 1923, his M.A. from the University of Chicago in 1926, and his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1929. He taught at Pomona College (1930-37) and Northwestern University (1938-50), before joining the faculty at UCLA where he taught from 1950 to his retirement in 1971. He then taught one course a semester at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque until his death.

Leon was a preeminent professor of American literature, establishing an international reputation with books such as The Connecticut Wits (1941), Herman Melville A Biography (1951, reprinted 1958, 1967), Victorian Knight-Errant: A Study of the Early Career of James Russell Lowell (1952), Literature and the Tradition (1960), and “The Mind” of Jonathan Edwards: Reconstructed Text (1963). Leon did more than probably any other American scholar in helping to carry American culture abroad. His many pamphlets and essays were widely distributed in both Europe and Asia, and he held Fulbright and other appointments at Tokyo and Kyoto Universities (1951, 1954); the University of London (1956-57); Nice (1957); Copenhagen, Lund, Stockholm, and Upsala (1960); he also gave a series of Fulbright-sponsored public lectures in Europe (1961), Australia (1963), and Switzerland and Germany (1964). His achievement was recognized by honorary degrees from the University of Chicago (1961) and Abo Akademi, Finland (1968). Leon was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1963), a Guggenheim Fellow (1944-45), and the recipient of the UCLA Alumni Award for Distinguished Teaching (1964).


A somewhat shaggy, rumpled sociable man with an infectious laugh, Leon had a shrewd sense of how the academic profession worked and what were its strengths and weaknesses. Fiercely loyal to his students, his many Ph.D.s were as well trained in the working of the academy as they were in their field of study. A man of formidable energy, Leon is remembered by his students as walking into his classes without a note and lecturing brilliantly for an hour or longer on Emerson, Melville, or Whitman, often chain-smoking as he talked, emptying the ashes into a lidded ashtray that he always carried in his pocket. In his 21 years at UCLA, he directed more than 30 dissertations, some written by the now leading scholars in the field. At the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, Leon would literally “hold court” in his hotel room to which ex-students, old colleagues and friends, and some of the most eminent scholars from around the world would come for a friendly drink, good talk, and the exchange of professional information and academic news. These meetings characterized Leon at his very best--warm, friendly, open, totally committed to what was going on in his field, and interested in how the profession was responding to that activity. As one of his junior colleagues once put it, “I learned more about literature and the profession from Leon's `tea parties' than I ever did from a book. Leon had a way of making scholarship and scholarly activity fun.” It was this gregariousness that made him equally at home in the cabin he and some of his colleagues leased at Lone Pine, which became a kind of extension of UCLA, and indeed came into its own press and published a number of his less serious essays and poems under the imprint of the University of California Press at Lone Pine.

Leon's accolades are many. Harrison Hayford has summarized his scholarship, teaching, and service on national and international committees as “amounting to academic statesmanship”; Norman Holmes Pearson referred to him as “the leading scholar in the field of American literature”; and Dean Robert E. Streeter wrote: “when George Beadle was inaugurated as President of the University of Chicago in 1961, the faculty was asked to designate eight scholars to receive honorary degrees on that occasion. Of the eight, two were humanistic scholars. Professor Howard was one of these.” Leon Howard was a giant in his field. As one scholar recently put it, “he embodied a way of studying and talking about American literature that led to major critical advances and which has seemed to have passed with him.”

Richard Lehan


George Alfred Hughes, Dentistry: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

George A. Hughes was a man of small stature but a giant in his profession. He was first a superb and gifted clinician whose goal in life was to pass on to others his rare skills and knowledge. George, a native of Alameda, California, received his dental degree in 1922 from the School of Dentistry, University of California at San Francisco, which was then known as the Affiliated Colleges of the University at Berkeley. He was a classmate, lifelong friend, and associate both in academic life and in private practice of the late Willard C. Fleming, dean of the dental school for many years and later chancellor of the San Francisco campus. At George's retirement, Willard Fleming, as dean of the School of Dentistry, wrote: “To give the usual formal letter of thanks at this time is like thanking my brother. Nobody knows better than I do all you have put of yourself into the school.”

George was so devoted to his profession that he not only maintained a private practice throughout his long tenure as a full-time professor, but also continued his practice after retirement from the University in 1965, up until the week before he died in 1979.

George Hughes joined the faculty in 1923, shortly after his graduation from dental school. As a result of his more than 40 years as a successful teacher and administrator, most University of California dentists owe their skills and knowledge in prosthodontics to George Hughes. Even today, some of our faculty continue to pass along to students the lessons they learned from George Hughes. For most of his teaching years, he headed the Division of Removable Prosthodontics, and for many years he also chaired the Division of Fixed Prosthodontics. An excellent administrator and a strict disciplinarian, George earned the admiration and respect of his students for his professional competence, his unwavering fairness, and his uncompromising integrity.

George also enjoyed the high regard of his faculty members, who attended his lectures routinely. There were always valuable pearls of wisdom scattered throughout his lectures, along with the formal scientific body of knowledge.

One example is his advice regarding the proper care and treatment of patients: “Most dentists are talking when they should be listening.” Advice of this quality is never outdated. Because it works, it is passed from one generation to the next, thus keeping George's message and our memory of the man alive.

George Hughes' teachings reached far beyond the walls of the dental school. He conducted extension courses and refresher courses throughout the United States, even presenting one at the University of San Carlos in Guatemala. He gave a great many lectures and presented papers at dental meetings throughout the country. He was a consultant to the Bay Area veterans and military hospitals, where he played a large part in training their residents. He also participated in week-long refresher courses given at these institutions.

George Hughes was not only an outstanding teacher, clinician, and administrator, but also a very creative man. He was modest and unassuming; he taught many original and innovative procedures which he never published, but simply passed on to his associates and students. They, in turn, passed the same procedures on to their students, further disseminating George's influence. He was, however, active in publishing. He was one of the two representatives of the Pacific Coast Society of Prosthodontists who, together with representatives from the Academy of Denture Prosthetics and the American Prosthodontic Society, founded the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. This journal, established in 1950 and first published in 1951, has become recognized internationally as the premier journal of restorative dentistry, and now has a circulation second only to the Journal of the American Dental Association. George served on its editorial council for 23 years, from its inception in 1951 until 1974.

Besides his influence on generations of dental students, George Hughes's most lasting contribution to prosthetic dentistry was a study relating anthropologic facial classifications to the occlusion and arrangement of natural teeth; he applied these findings to prosthetic replacements of the natural dentition. The principles resulting from this investigation are still widely used in clinical practice. George Hughes was an authority on temporomandibular joint disturbances; as early as the 1940s, he lectured and published material on the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Only recently has the importance of the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this disorder claimed widespread interest and concern in the dental and medical professions.

George was honored and recognized for his many accomplishments, both by his peers and by his students. He was elected to the prestigious Academy of Denture Prosthetics in 1950, and served as its president in 1969. He was a dominant figure in the Pacific Coast Society of Prosthodontists, serving as Program Chairman for many years, and as president in 1952.

Upon his retirement from dental school, the student body presented him with a gold-plated house articulator, the primary instrument of the prosthodontist, suitably mounted on a wooden base with an engraved plate expressing their appreciation.

In his public and private life, George was a fiercely independent person. He successfully constructed his houses, and repaired or rebuilt any structure or device that failed, taking his many diverse skills for granted. George died suddenly shortly after suffering a seizure in his office. He was survived for a few years by his wife, Marie.

Ellsworth K. Kelly Robert F. Brigante Hilary K. Pritchard


Alice E. Ingmire, Nursing: San Francisco

Professor Emerita

Alice E. Ingmire, R.N., Ph.D., professor emerita, University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing died February 26, 1986. A native of San Francisco, Dr. Ingmire taught in the School of Nursing for 35 years, where she was known as a pioneer in modern nursing education, particularly continuing education in nursing.

She began teaching courses in continuing education for working nurses as early as the 1950s, and was called upon to advise on the nursing curricula of universities and hospitals throughout the Western United States.

Ingmire's professional career witnesses her belief in continuing education for nursing. She was a registered nurse working at the Santa Clara County Hospital in San Jose when she went to Columbia University to earn her baccalaureate degree. She joined the University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing in 1935, and earned both her master of science and doctoral degrees at Stanford University while maintaining her appointment at UCSF.

She was named president of the State Board of Nurse Examiners by Governor Earl Warren, and won a national award from the National League for Nursing Education for “pioneering the development of continuing education for the improvement of nursing care.” She authored numerous publications related to nursing care and nursing education.

Ingmire retired from UCSF in 1970, but six years later applied to join a nursing project in Alaska at the age of 74. She was employed by the state of Alaska, traveling throughout the state for eight months and established a statewide education program in continuing education for registered nurses. She was joined by her husband in Anchorage where they lived until the project was completed.

In addition to her long career in promoting continuing education in nursing, Dr. Ingmire is remembered by many former students at the UCSF School of Nursing as an excellent mentor and instructor in the first clinical

course in their nursing career. She was outstanding in her ability to support, teach, and encourage neophyte nursing students in their first crucial clinical experiences with patients.

Patricia C. Pothier


Verne T. Inman, Orthopaedic Surgery: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Verne Thompson Inman was an exceptional person in an important position at a pivotal time. Not only did his studies of the biomechanics of locomotion establish the field, they are classics in the application of engineering expertise to clinical problems through basic research. His career made a major contribution toward the University of California's San Francisco campus becoming a research-based medical center.

He was born in San Jose, California in 1905 and attended the University of California at Berkeley as an undergraduate. When he received his A.B. in medical sciences in 1928, he already had become involved in research and taken engineering courses that would enable him to combine this field with his later research. While in medical school, he worked as an assistant in anatomy and earned an M.A. degree for studies of electrical stimulation of cutaneous nerves in humans.

Upon completing his medical studies at the University of California at San Francisco in 1932, he became an anatomy instructor (at the time, anatomy was still being taught on the Berkeley campus) and commenced a Ph.D. program in the Department of Anatomy. His specific interest focused on nerve conduction in the giant axon of invertebrates--a choice consistent with the department's emphasis on physiology at the time. While the electrical equipment he needed to conduct this project was available from his prior research, he was unable to obtain suitable specimens and had to abandon the project. (It is interesting to speculate on what might have been the scientific outcome had he been able to follow his original research plan. This work would have been conducted before the studies of the giant axon by others who went on to become prominent figures in neurophysiology.) Although disappointed, he chose to study the differential development of the human fetal cranium, and with that work obtained his Ph.D. in anatomy in 1934. He was the last doctoral student at Berkeley or San Francisco to offer a thesis in gross anatomy. An internship and residency in orthopaedics followed. By 1940, Verne Inman had become a

clinical instructor in orthopaedic surgery as well as an instructor in anatomy, and had published articles on the anatomy and pathology of the intervertebral disc.

As World War II neared its end, he published an important paper on the biomechanics of the shoulder. Shortly thereafter, at the urging of the National Research Council, the Surgeon General's Office (and, later on, the Veteran's Administration) he began developing a research program directed at the physical problems of the tens of thousands of amputees who were returning from the war. The upper-extremity research program, which might have been a logical extension of his shoulder research, was established in Southern California to be near the aerospace industry which had the flexible cables necessary for such research. The lower-extremity research program, in which he was one of two major leaders, began in Northern California as the Biomechanics Laboratory. It was located on both the Berkeley campus in collaboration with faculty from the Department of Engineering, and on the San Francisco campus, initially using space in the Department of Anatomy.

It was soon evident that basic research was needed if intelligent design changes were to be made in the unsatisfactory prosthetic devices of the time. Here, then, was the opportunity for him to integrate his interests in mechanical and electronic devices, since elucidation of the basic biomechanics of locomotion required study of not only the dynamics of body motion, but also analysis of the phasic electrical activity of the appropriate muscles. As the scope of the project broadened to include problems with muscle physiology, pain, and skin, the Biomechanics Laboratory became the first departmentally based interdisciplinary research group on the San Francisco campus. The collaboration between the basic sciences and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery established high standards for such worthwhile interactions. The goals of basic research as well as their clinical applications were met by the diverse group of specialists who participated in the project. International fame and major publications in the areas of human locomotion, the mechanisms of pain, and rational prosthetic design were the result.

As a teacher, Verne Inman was uniquely gifted in the ability to bring to his audience his enthusiasm, clarity of thought, and exceptional capacity to describe a complex problem in terms of basic concepts. His achievements were recognized by promotion to full professor in 1952, and appointment as chairman of the department in 1957. He was the only chairman of a clinical department ever to have had a Ph.D. as well as an M.D. degree.

Although the world will remember Verne Inman for his research papers and clear expository style, those who actually worked with him sooner recall the human warmth of his interactions. He had the same rapport with his colleagues as he did with household suffragi in Egypt, prosthetists, other medical specialists, building inspectors, basic scientists, varieties of

engineers, and students. He was light-hearted and informal, and as much at home in the campus maintenance shops as in the chancellor's office. He had cheerful greetings for secretaries, students, nurses, professors, cooks, and administrators, and always on a first-name basis. Person-to-person, he was enthusiastic and nonjudgmental, even as he influenced the intellectual activities of the laboratory.

Most often, Verne's role was to reframe a question, simplify the approach to a problem, or outline a general research strategy, and then step aside to let the specialist, researcher, or student proceed. He had a consuming curiosity and thoroughly enjoyed the challenge of problems while maintaining a resolute skepticism when confronted with superficial or pat answers. He saw issues broadly, and sought solutions in unexpected sites. In one instance, for example, his dissection of a bear's foot provided insight into the anatomy of the human plantigrade foot. The elegance of nature revealed by his research gave Verne inordinate pleasure. He also enjoyed working skillfully with his hands; it was not uncommon to find him in the laboratory or shop on weekends or late at night, constructing a beautifully detailed working model with which to demonstrate some fundamental principle of human biomechanics.

Retirement in 1973 did not change Verne's approach to life. His time and energies simply turned to the problems of the family “ranch” in San Jose. There, he designed a new means of clipping large hedges, and he cultivated unusual plants and fruit trees while remaining a consultant to the Biomechanics Laboratory. He met with his editorial staff to finalize the manuscript of his definitive treatise Human Locomotion just three weeks before his death after a brief illness at age 74.

He is survived by his wife Irene, three sons, six grandchildren, and a multitude of friends, former students, and colleagues whose lives he enriched and whose fond memories are as much a monument to him as is his scientific legacy.

Don L. Jewett Donald B. Lucas John B. De C.M. Saunders


Eugene L. Jack, Food Science and Technology: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Eugene L. Jack, Professor Emeritus of Food Science and Technology on the Davis campus, died in Sacramento on March 27, 1986, at the age of 86. He was born in 1899 in Mercer County, Pennsylvania. After obtaining his early education and starting university studies, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy during World War I. Following his discharge, he returned to the family dairy farm and later returned to The Pennsylvania State College, where he received the bachelor's, master's, and doctor's degree in dairy science in 1933, 1934, and 1936, respectively.

Jack worked as a research chemist for the Borden Company before joining the faculty of the University of California in 1937 in what was then the Division of Dairy Industry. He served as chair of the Department of Dairy Industry from 1946 to 1959 and retired from UCD in 1964.

Long considered one of the nation's leading authorities in dairy chemistry, Jack's major areas of research included the chemistry of milk fat, nutritional values of dairy products, fat fractionation and molecular distillation, properties of dry milk, and dairy technology. He was the first to show that high heat treatments before drying develop in milk antioxidants that retard the development of oxidized flavor. In later years, he studied the molecular structure of milk fats and employed new techniques to analyze the structure of several milk fats commonly used for human food, including the fats of human, cow, water buffalo, sheep, and goat milks.

Jack represented the United States at International Dairy Congresses at The Hague in 1953 and at Rome in 1957. He presided at sessions of the 15th such Congress in London in 1959.

He was a member of the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA), the American Chemical Society, the American Oil Chemists' Society, the Institute of Food Technologists, and the International Association of Sanitarians. In 1961 he served as President of the ADSA. In 1960 he received the Borden Award in Chemistry of Milk from the American Chemical

Society “in recognition of his extensive and fundamental studies on the composition, structure, physical properties, and nutritional values of milk fat.” He received the Award of Honor from the ADSA in 1973 for his distinguished contributions to the Association.

Jack had great interest in education and in the role of the university in helping students achieve their educational objectives. His strong convictions about the needs of students during the rapidly changing conditions following World War II provided leadership for his colleagues and the food industry. His objectivity in judgment, his inherent sincerity, and his good will won deep admiration and the respect of all who worked with him in promoting both the university and, especially, education in dairy and food science.

He was a member of Alpha Zeta, an honorary agricultural fraternity; Gamma Sigma Delta, an honor society of agriculture; Phi Kappa Phi, a renowned scholastic honorary fraternity; and Sigma Xi, an honorary scientific society. After his retirement, he enjoyed continued associations with friends in Ireland and retained life-long interests with his associates in his golf club.

Jack was preceded in death by his wife, Sue Thomas Jack, in 1967. A son, James Jack, now residing in Ohio, survived him. His spirit and influence will long be remembered by his many friends and colleagues.

L.M. Smith E.B. Collins W.L. Dunkley


Bruce Jameyson, Civil Engineering: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Bruce Jameyson died on October 24, 1978 at the age of 87, after a full life of teaching and professional activity. His wife, Alice Dixon Jameyson, whom he had married on July 29, 1919, died some 10 months prior to his passing. His son, Bert, and his daughters, Bobby Ann Browne and Frances Conn, still live in northern California.

Bruce Jameyson was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, on September 18, 1891. He received his early education through high school in Colorado. After graduation from high school, he obtained some early experience on construction projects, which whetted his interest in engineering. He entered the University of California at Berkeley in 1913 and obtained the B.S. in Civil Engineering in 1917--just in time to enter the U.S. Army in World War I.

In 1919, after completing his military service as a 2nd Lieutenant, he served in a professional capacity on civil and structural engineering projects. In 1920 he was brought into the civil engineering faculty at UC Berkeley by Charles Derleth, then Dean of the College of Civil Engineering. He thus began an active teaching career with the University, giving instruction in structural and highway engineering, which continued for 36 years until his retirement in 1956.

As was the custom at the time, he also began an association with the (now) Department of Public Works of the County of Alameda as a consultant/advisor for activities relating to structural works (bridges, etc.). In this activity he came to play a key role in the concepts and design of structures such as the High Street, Park Street, and Bay Farm Island bridges, and the Posey Tube. (Members of the county public works staff estimate that he probably was responsible for critical design decisions for some 100 bridges in Alameda County during the years of his association with that activity.)

In a day when there was relatively little laboratory research activity to augment engineering instruction, this extramural kind of association provided

an important source for the introduction of constantly advancing theory and practice into the teaching process. (This was also a two-way street, in that Jameyson's bent towards teaching tended to introduce new concepts into the thinking of practitioners in the public works field.)

Through his membership in important professional engineering societies (American Society of Civil Engineers, American Concrete Institute, Structural Engineers Association, Highway Research Board of the National Research Council, etc.), and through his avid reading of the professional literature, he was also able to bring to his teaching pertinent new analytical concepts and processes.

As one of the early instructors with a driving interest in structural engineering, he was probably responsible for many graduates finding careers in that general field.

Bruce Jameyson was a thorough and demanding teacher, but he always stood ready to help students in a kindly way. Regardless of extramural activity, the University always came first. He was generous with his time, serving willingly on committees of the Department and College. He served as Chairman of the Division of Civil Engineering from 1946 to 1949, and also as Vice Chairman of the Faculty of the College of Engineering in 1953-54. During the period of reorganization of the Division of Civil Engineering, and its transition into the Department of Civil Engineering, he again served as Vice Chairman of Civil Engineering in 1954-56.

When Bruce Jameyson decided to retire as of July, 1956, then Dean O'Brien succinctly capsulized Jameyson's contributions to the Civil Engineering Department and to the College of Engineering in the words:

“... we will miss your ever-ready help and good counsel.”

Harmer E. Davis Alexander Scordelis


Eugene C. Jorgensen, Pharmaceutical Chemistry: San Francisco

Professor of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Eugene Jorgensen died tragically on February 13, 1981 from bullet wounds that he suffered at the hands of an unknown intruder at his home in San Anselmo. It seems monumentally ironic that such a gentle man should suffer a violent death. Although years have passed, his friends and colleagues remain stunned by the enormity of this sad event.

Eugene Jorgensen was born in Hayward, California on October the 22nd, 1923, finishing his high school education just at the outbreak of the Second World War. His subsequent training at the University of California was interrupted by service in the U.S. Army. He later returned to the Berkeley campus of the University where he earned the bachelor's and master's of science degrees in chemistry. Subsequently he joined the graduate program at UCLA completing his degree in organic chemistry in 1953, working with Professor Geissman on the chemistry of flavenoids.

Eugene's interest in the biological aspects of organic chemistry led him to seek a position at the University of California School of Pharmacy where, in 1953, he joined the faculty of the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry. He quickly established credentials in the then fledgling area of mechanism of hormone action through his elegant studies on structure activity relationships of compounds related to thyroxin. It was characteristic of Eugene to focus his intellectual energies in such a way as to develop a highly detailed and soundly based scientific structure. His work carried him to a variety of apparently disparate areas which he was able to unify with the patient and insightful analytical skills that he brought to his studies. When the computer graphics laboratory was established he was among the first faculty members to grasp its usefulness in elucidating structure-activity relationships. Thus, he quickly made use of his library of thyroxin analogs and the known structure of thyroid binding hormone to analyze the reasons for relative activity of such analogs. Clearly he has made major contributions in the areas of synthesis, endocrinology, and in the applications of molecular orbital theory and computer graphics to structure analysis.


Shortly before his death he had expanded his research efforts to include the synthesis of polypeptides related to angiotensin. He was approaching this field with the same energy and enthusiasm which characterized his early work on thyroxin and which surely was destined to provide a dynamic view of the mechanism of hormonal action of this important molecule.

Although Eugene tended to be a quiet and contemplative individual, his contributions to the growth and development of the School of Pharmacy both scientifically and administratively during the 1960s and 1970s played a major role in the emergence of this school as the national leader in pharmacy education and pharmaceutical services research. He was dedicated to his teaching responsibilities and was a valued advisor to Dean Troy Daniels and his successor Dean Jere Goyan. His leadership capabilities were well appreciated by his colleagues at the University of California, San Francisco and indeed by search committees around the country. Although often wooed, his allegiance and dedication to the University of California and to the School of Pharmacy were steadfast.

Although Eugene's scientific and academic accomplishments command our respect and praise, it is his gentleness, sensitivity, and respect for the individual that will be remembered best by those of us who knew him well.

Eugene is survived by his wife and one of his two children.

Neal Castagnoli Jr. Jere E. Goyan Robert Gibson Manfred E. Wolff


Malcolm H. Kerr, Political Science: Los Angeles


Much has been written about Malcolm Kerr since his tragic death in Beirut in January 1984 and it is not our intention once again to list his many academic and scholarly honors and distinctions. They are well documented and provide an excellent testimony to Malcolm's national and international stature as a widely known and respected authority on Middle Eastern affairs. There is no doubt that the field of Middle Eastern politics has lost one of its most valuable experts whose absence is and will be sorely missed. That field is too important and too complex to afford such losses: the gap left vacant by Malcolm's death has not yet been bridged and may never be. We hesitate to call any individual irreplaceable yet we also feel that Malcolm fits that description better than most.

On this occasion, however, we want to reminisce about Malcolm not as a scholar but as a friend and human being. All of us have considered ourselves his friends for many years which gave us the chance to get to know him better than had many of his UCLA colleagues. It should be mentioned that Malcolm was not an easy person to know: in addition to being by nature an intensely private person, he was deeply devoted to his immediate family and, let us face it, he did not stand fools gladly and had little time and use for idle chitchat. Still, he was always available to his friends who invariably reciprocated his friendship.

It is hard to know which of Malcolm's many traits has impressed us most over the years. At the risk of sounding arbitrary, we would put his personal integrity ahead of the others. Regardless of whatever hat he may have been wearing at the time--the chairmanship of the Political Science Department, deanship of Social Sciences or directorship of the Von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies--it was his personal and intellectual honesty which proved overwhelming. It is a conventional wisdom that academics are by nature compromisers par excellence, eschewing unpopular causes and avoiding voicing their own beliefs. Malcolm was different, whether in his scholarship or in personal relations. Being a highly visible

authority on the Middle East in the 1960s and 1970s was not an enviable task: in fact, it was more than onerous and someone of lesser stature than Malcolm would find it most tempting to equivocate, compromise and avoid taking sides. Malcolm was cut from a different cloth: he did not hesitate to present the Arab side in the Middle East conflict at a time when it was not only unpopular but also dangerous, as witnessed by an attack on his home which fortunately did not result in serious damage.

As an administrator at UCLA, Malcolm's behavior was no different: whether as dean or chairman, it would have been easy for him to bend rules or to interpret them subjectively. Here again, he was unshakeable, even at the cost of antagonizing, albeit briefly, his friends and admirers who soon came to realize that he was right after all.

His integrity was perhaps best illustrated by his decision to accept the presidency of the American University in Beirut. In all candor, all of us tried at different times to dissuade him from taking the job, alas without success. Of all people, Malcolm probably knew best about the dangers of life in Beirut, yet he also believed that if anyone could make a contribution toward the lessening of the fratricidal strife in Lebanon, it was he, and we do not think that he hesitated much before saying yes. Malcolm clearly felt that he had a mission even though he was not a missionary. He was a realist, he knew what to expect, he strongly believed he had a chance.

Malcolm's personal integrity, which his political and academic adversaries occasionally interpreted as stubbornness or rigidity, was tempered by his unique sense of humor. Malcolm was blessed with it in abundance and delighted sharing it with his friends. His reservoir of jokes, anecdotes and bon mots was boundless and spanned many cultures, languages and ethnic groups. It was simply another telling testimony to his erudition which was not confined to purely scholarly subjects but covered all other aspects of human existence on a global scale. It is hard to forget Malcolm regaling us with his latest joke or anecdote, delivered with his typical deadpan expression which greatly enhanced the story's impact.

To repeat, Malcolm was first-class scholar and expert whose counsel was sought far and wide. For us, however, who knew him well, he was above all a true human being, a real mensch to whom we could turn for advice and on whose support and good judgment we could always count. He was a rare person and we shall miss him badly.

Raymond Orbach Richard Sisson Andrzej Korbonski


Samuel J. Kimura, Ophthalmology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

The University of California can be proud of Samuel J. Kimura. He received an outstanding education. He gave back much more.

Dr. Kumara was a graduate of Berkeley High School. He received an A.B. in zoology in 1934 and an M.A. in anatomy in 1936 at the University of California, Berkeley, and he received his M.D. from the University of California, San Francisco in 1940. Following internship at Allexian Brothers Hospital in Chicago, he served as a medical officer with the U.S. Army Medical Corps from 1941-1946, rising to the rank of major. He was decorated for his valiant and humane service with the 442nd in Europe. He returned to the University of California, San Francisco for his residency in ophthalmology from 1946 to 1949. Kimura then did research with the Atom Bomb Casualty Commission in Nagasaki, Japan, from 1949 to 1950, after which he returned to the University of California, San Francisco as a faculty member in the Department of Ophthalmology. He was a Markle Scholar from 1951-1956 and rose quickly to the rank of professor of ophthalmology.

Kimura was an inquisitive and productive scholar who had an international reputation for excellence in research in infectious and inflammatory eye disease. His research was appreciated in more than 75 publications in general scientific journals, such as Science, and specialty journals, such as The American Journal of Ophthalmology.

Kimura made exceptional contributions to the governance of the University by serving on almost every academic committee. His leadership was recognized by his election to the Faculty Council of the School of Medicine and as divisional representative of the Academic Senate of the Assembly.

He was a gifted and stimulating teacher. He is remembered by generations of ophthalmologists for his example as a remarkably keen observer who was a compassionate and skilled physician. He especially enjoyed the exchange of medical argument with medical students and residents. Many of his students followed him into academic positions because of his enthusiasm at staying young by interacting with youth.


Kimura was actually known as Sam, a warm and loyal friend. Sam was a great fly fisherman, as skilled at the protocols of reporting trout and steelhead conquests as he was at the protocols of reviewed scientific journals. He was surrogate uncle for student, staff, and fellow faculty for 30 years.

Kimura's contributions and tradition continue. He was a co-founder of That Man May See, a foundation dedicated to clinical research for eye disease. He would be proud to see his dream fulfilled with the construction of the major new Vision Center containing the Kimura Laboratory of Clinical Investigation at the University of California, San Francisco.

Dr. Kimura is survived by his wife, Pearl, and his sister, Frances Rambo.

James J. O'Donnell Wayne Caygill Jorge Alvarado Steven G. Kramer


Lawrence Kinnaird, History: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Lawrence Kinnaird, a widely known and popular teacher of California history, died September 27, 1985 at the Community Hospital on the Monterey Peninsula. He was 92. A tall, distinguished figure, with a warm presence and a ready wit, Kinnaird made the history of California and the Southwest come alive to generations of students. His former graduate students are prominent in the teaching of California and western United States history throughout the country.

Kinnaird's long life began in Williamstown, West Virginia, on July 9, 1893. Much of his early life was spent on the family farm, but he studied at Marietta Academy across the river in Ohio. He earned an A.B. in chemistry at the University of Michigan in 1915, and began a professional career as principal of a high school in Kansas City, Kansas. Whatever his further plans, they were cut short by entry of the United States into World War I. The young Kinnaird joined the U.S. Army Air Force, trained as a pilot, and en route to France survived the torpedoing of his ship. In service in France he rose to the rank of first lieutenant. After the conclusion of hostilities he was able to pursue post-graduate studies at the University of Grenoble. He remained in the Air Force until 1921, his last post being Lake Charles, La., whence his later interest in Spain's role in the Mississippi Valley.

Upon discharge, Kinnard returned to the family farm for a year and then sold oil well equipment as a traveling salesman from Wyoming to Texas and to California. In the course of his travels, he made the acquaintance of Professor Herbert E. Bolton at Berkeley and was persuaded to turn to an academic career. In 1925 he enrolled as a graduate student in Bolton's famous history seminar on California, the West, and the Americas. Soon he became one of the prominent members of the Knights of the Round Table, so called from the sessions around the round table, inherited from Henry Morse Stephens. Kinnaird earned his M.A. in 1927 with a thesis on Anglo-American expansion into the Louisiana country, 1763-1810, a

topic that neatly combined the elements of frontier history and the Spanish in the Mississippi Valley. The doctorate followed quickly in 1928 with a thesis on American penetration into Spanish territory to 1803.

Unfortunately the economic crisis of 1929, which struck shortly thereafter, made an academic position difficult to obtain. Undaunted, in 1929 he married Lucia Fuller Burk in what was to be a long, happy marriage and supported himself as a research assistant and research associate in history. In 1932 he received appointment as an assistant professor at San Francisco State College, where he served until 1936, rising to the rank of associate professor. In that year he chose to move to the then College of Agriculture at Davis as an assistant professor again. One year later he was called to the Department of History on the Berkeley campus as a colleague of his revered Professor Bolton. He was to serve here until retirement. In 1940 he became associate professor and in 1948 professor.

Meantime, in 1941 the United States entered World War II. Kinnaird was asked to become Assistant in Cultural Relations at the United States Embassy in Santiago, Chile. Obtaining leave of absence, he and his wife went to Santiago for three years while Bolton returned to active duty as his replacement. During his stay in Santiago, Kinnaird served as chairman of the United States delegation to the Fourth Inter-American Congress of Teachers. As the war moved to its conclusion, Kinnaird returned to Berkeley and academic life.

His major teaching and research interests always centered upon the Mississippi Valley during the Spanish period and California. He translated and edited three volumes of documents, published by the American Historical Association as Spain in the Mississippi Valley, 1768-1794 (Washington, D.C., 1946-1949). Much of his early writing dealt with Spain and Anglo-American penetration in the Mississippi Valley, 1763-1803. One essay on the Spanish tobacco monopoly in New Mexico, 1766-1767, moved to a theme of the Southwest. In later years his interests broadened. He published in 1958 an English translation and critical edition of the inspection of the northern frontiers of New Spain by Nicolás Lafora, 1766-1768. The folding map attached to it is a noteworthy reconstruction of locations of obscure settlements. In the 1960s he wrote a history of the Golden Gate for the National Park Service and a three-volume history of the Greater San Francisco Bay Region (1966); in a style reminiscent of Hubert Howe Bancroft, volume 3 is devoted to family and personal history. Many of his articles were in joint authorship with his wife, herself holder of a doctorate in political science.

As a teacher Kinnaird was justly famous. The successor of Bolton in teaching the history of the Americas, his undergraduate classes were crowded as were his seminars at the round table in the Doe Library. His cordial approach, kindly manner, and common sense endeared him to students.

When he reached retirement age in 1960, he was invited to the Santa Barbara campus, where he taught for five years with a year interval as visiting professor at Chatham College, Pittsburgh, Pa. After final retirement in 1966, he and his wife settled in Carmel, where she still lives.

When Lawrence Kinnaird died at the advanced age of 92, few members of the faculty on the Berkeley campus remembered him; he had outlived most of his contemporaries. His memory remains vivid in the minds of his many students and perhaps most of all his numerous former graduate students around the country.

Woodrow Borah Lincoln Constance Lawrence A. Harper


Andie Leonard Knutson, Public Health: Berkeley

Professor of Behavioral Sciences, Emeritus

Andie Knutson was born on a homestead in a remote area of Minnesota. He worked his way through the University of Minnesota, from which he was graduated in 1938 with a major in social psychology. Upon graduation, he worked in the field of opinion research. When the United States entered World War II, he went first with the Office of War Information in Washington, D.C., and subsequently to the Navy. He learned Japanese and was assigned to the Office of Naval Intelligence. Following the war, he enrolled in graduate study at Princeton. Here he worked most closely with Hadley Cantril, one of the outstanding early scholars in the field of public-opinion research.

Knutson was a pioneer in application of psychological- and behavioral-science techniques to the study of health beliefs and practices. While in graduate school at Princeton, he served as Associate Director of the Office of Public Opinion Research and, immediately after he received the Ph.D., he was recruited by the Public Health Service to head its Research and Evaluation Branch. Subsequently, he became Chief of the Behavioral Studies Section, where he directed an influential program that developed several outstanding research workers as well as providing invaluable information on the acceptance of sound health practices.

The solution to public-health problems frequently resides in the behavioral rather than the medical area. Faculty in the School of Public Health perceived a need in the curriculum for greater emphasis on the behavioral sciences. They learned also that the Russell Sage Foundation supported special programs for training in the application of the behavioral sciences to the health field. The Foundation regarded Knutson as one of the very top behavioral scientists working on health problems in the United States, and in 1957, enthusiastically awarded the University a grant for his appointment to the faculty of the School of Public Health.

When he arrived at Berkeley, there was no program in Behavioral Sciences for public-health graduate students directly identified with this area. He

began such a program by instituting two courses in behavioral research methods for MPH students in 1960. By the time of his retirement in 1977, the Behavioral Science Program was well developed. A curriculum was in place that included courses in health-relevant behavioral theory, behavioral research methods at the master's and doctoral level, community mental health, substance-abuse prevention, and special seminars for master's and doctoral students.

In 1964, Knutson received a Career Research Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, which permitted him to allocate more of his time and effort to research. He became affiliated with the Institute of Human Development, where he began a new series of studies pursuing his long-term interest in the relationships among beliefs, values, perceptions, and behaviors. He served for a year as Acting Director of the Institute, bringing to this role a quiet, calm competence that enhanced its research atmosphere.

Knutson authored many papers that appeared in refereed scholarly journals. He is best known for his research in the evaluation of public-health programs and in beliefs and perceptions regarding the beginning and completion of human life. With regard to the former, his penetrating and incisive evaluation research was based upon the premise that investigators must first carefully and specifically define the goals and objectives of the program and then the fundamental reasons for the evaluation sought. Methodology must then be developed that suits these reasons, and clearly elucidates whether or not the objectives have been attained and the goals reached. His insistence on a well-developed conceptual base for evaluation has led to many influential studies and has had an impact upon the field of public health, in which too often evaluation has been merely a mechanical process of data collecting and record keeping.

Later in his career, Knutson completed a series of studies dealing with perceptions and beliefs about the beginning of life and about human life and personality, and the socio-demographic correlates of these perceptions and beliefs. Issues that currently evoke violent controversy are such topics as contraception, abortion, capital punishment, organ transplantation, euthanasia, and technologically advanced life-support systems. His research clarified the major belief-systems people hold regarding these issues, the usual correlates of each of the belief systems, and how seeming inconsistencies within a particular belief system are rationalized. He identified and elucidated the social criteria people use for deciding when life begins, continues, and ends. These criteria form the basis of present social policy and denote the root causes of the extensive conflicts that surround these matters today. He will be long and appropriately remembered for the clarifying concepts he contributed to our understanding of these urgent social issues.

Knutson was a devoted husband and father. He met his wife, Ruth, when both were enrolled in a graduate class in propaganda analysis at

Teachers' College, Columbia University, just before he went to the Office of War Information. Their daughter, Ann, is an artist, and their son, Alan, a professor of psychology. This sociable and congenial couple opened their Berkeley home to students and staff, and they were warmly received by former students wherever they traveled around the world.

As a boy in Minnesota, Knutson learned the art of dry-fly fishing and in his adult years he liked nothing better than the chance to practice that art, knee-deep in the upper Yuba River. The Knutson freezer was almost always well stocked with trout. But he would wax equally enthusiastic about a computer printout that confirmed an hypothesis or validated a carefully devised scale. He was a consummate craftsman in his research, and he took a craftsman's delight in its product.

W.H. Bruvold J.A. Clausen W. Griffiths


Warren Donald Kumler, Pharmaceutical Chemistry: San Francisco

Professor of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Emeritus

When Warren Kumler died unexpectedly at his desk on September 8, 1980, the San Francisco campus lost one of the academic giants who played a major role in bringing the School of Pharmacy from a non-accredited institution in the 30s to the consensus leader in the 60s. Among his intimates, Kumler was known as “Bud” but he was also dubbed “Tiger” by students and associates because of his gruff manner and his zeal for getting the job done quickly. He was the all-round academician who excelled in teaching, research and service.

Warren D. Kumler was born in Seven Mile, Ohio February 18, 1905. He attended Antioch College from 1923 to 1929 where his half-time cooperative jobs included work as a laborer in a machine shop, a pit-recorder in a steel mill, a calculating machine operator and a teaching assistant in the chemistry department of the College. He was active in athletics, winning letters in baseball and tennis, and was a member of the Antioch Players, taking leading parts in several productions including that of the captain in Pinafore. He received the B.S. with distinction in 1929 and the M.S. degree in 1930.

After graduating, he became an instructor in chemistry at Deep Springs College, and soon thereafter he was asked to assume the deanship. Deep Springs was distinctive in that the student body consisted of only 20 to 25 very bright young men, who were selected for their leadership and service. There he met G.N. Lewis, the head of the College of Chemistry in Berkeley, whose son was a student at Deep Springs. Kumler decided to complete his Ph.D. at Berkeley when Lewis offered him a teaching assistantship. After he received his Ph.D. in 1934, Kumler was recommended by Lewis to teach organic chemistry at the College of Pharmacy in San Francisco to which he devoted his entire academic career.

Kumler achieved international recognition for his work in determining the structure of organic molecules. His research was concerned primarily

with the use of physical methods to elucidate the structure of molecules of interest to both the biologist and physical-organic chemist. In collaboration with his students and colleagues, Kumler made significant contributions to mechanisms of drug action and to the measurement, interpretation and calculation of dipole moments. In 1942 he published an important paper with I.F. Halverstadt in which an equation was derived and a method devised for calculating dipole moments that is still in wide use today. Kumler's studies on the dipole moments and spectra of sulfanilamide compounds led to the elucidation of the electronic structure of these molecules and a hypothesis relating their chemical structure and biological activity. Together with T.C. Daniels, he investigated the relative importance of different wavelengths in causing sunburn and as a consequence a “Sunscreen Index” was devised to indicate the relative effectiveness of different compounds in screening out the rays that produce sunburn. Kumler's study of the figures of patterns that are produced in a grease layer between glass plates when pressure on the plates is released is an interesting example of a scientist functioning for no other reason than to satisfy his curiosity. He concluded that the patterns formed due to the fact that the molecules in the grease assumed an ordered orientation upon decompression.

Recognition of his creativity resulted in visiting research professorships at the California Institute of Technology, Toronto, Oxford, Imperial College and at Wisconsin where he was selected as the Knapp Memorial Lecturer. He was chosen by his peers in 1961 to be the fourth Faculty Research Lecturer, the highest honor the faculty can bestow.

Kumler taught organic chemistry from 1934 until a few years before he retired in 1972. His beginning organic chemistry course is well remembered by the students for the 8 a.m. weekly quizzes. The most frequent comment about the course was “tough but fair.” For over 30 years he also taught courses in organic qualitative analysis and in advanced organic chemistry, both taken mainly by graduate students.

He became one of the main architects in promoting the growth of graduate education and research in the School of Pharmacy and, in fact, on the San Francisco campus. He played an important role in the formative years of the graduate program in pharmaceutical chemistry. During his chairmanship of the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry from 1959-65, he assumed a dominant role in formulating the expanding program of graduate academic studies and acted as graduate advisor to all graduate students.

In 1961 he became director of one of the first National Institutes of Health Training Grants in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and served in that capacity until his retirement in 1972. In the 1960s the department became recognized as one of the leading pharmaceutical chemistry departments in the world. He was appointed associate dean in 1964 and in that capacity he continued to deal with graduate and academic matters. His leadership

in obtaining national recognition for research activities in pharmaceutical chemistry formed the basis for a significant nation wide stimulation of research in graduate programs of schools of pharmacy throughout the United States. His tenacity in pursuing recognition from granting agencies of the federal government regarding the need for research support for the pharmaceutical sciences helped to establish U.S. Public Health Service training grants in pharmaceutical chemistry at schools of pharmacy. The long range support thus provided for graduate students in academic programs in pharmaceutical chemistry has permitted a significant expansion in the breadth and depth of research activities.

The extensive service record of Kumler reflects a most dedicated University servant. From 1951 to 1958 he served on the Budget and Interdepartmental Relations Committee and was its chairman for two years. Dedicated to the principle of academic self-government as embodied in the Academic Senate, he served as its head on the San Francisco campus from 1960/62. He was chairman of the Committee on Committees in 1964/65, vice-chairman of Graduate Council 1961/62; and a member of the Statewide Academic Council 1960/63, the Statewide Committee on Continuing Education and the Campus Coordinating Committee (1961/62) and the Building and Campus Development Committee (1961/62). He also was on many other University committees including the Academic Planning Committee, San Francisco campus (1960/62), and the Campus Planning Committee (1960/62). After he retired in 1972 Kumler served as Secretary of the Executive Committee of the School and as Secretary of the Faculty. He coordinated the revision of the Faculty Handbook, the By-Laws, and the Rules and Regulations of the School of Pharmacy.

Kumler was elected a fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences. He was a life member of the American Pharmaceutical Association and an emeritus member of the American Chemical Society.

Colleagues and students had a deep, abiding affection for Kumler. His rather brusque exterior hid a compassionate, friendly, loyal personality. He helped others willingly without complaint. One graduate student canonized the nickname “Tiger” by displaying a painting of the baby feline on his laboratory coat calling himself the “Cub.”

His life was enlightened and enriched by his family. Those who survive him include his good-humored courageous wife, Alice, two daughters, Archie and Joan, three grandchildren and one great granddaughter.

E. Leong Way John C. Craig Roger Ketcham


George Michael Kuznets, Agricultural and Resource Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

George Kuznets was born in Kiev, Russia. During his boyhood and adolescent years he lived with his maternal grandparents, his mother, an aunt, and his two older brothers, Solomon and Simon. These were times of considerable turmoil due to World War I, the Russian Revolution, the Russian civil war, and the Russian war with Poland. The family lived first in Rovno, in the western Ukraine. In 1915, advancing German forces caused a Russian army general to order expulsion of all Jews from the western Ukraine to the interior. The family moved eastward stopping at Kharkov in the eastern Ukraine, where they found suitable living accommodations in a vacant store front. The stop at Kharkov turned out to be a chaotic six-year stay, during which time George's formal schooling was sporadic at best. He compensated for this by reading extensively, a practice which he continued throughout his life.

In 1921, the refugees were sent back to the towns in the western Ukraine from whence they came in 1915, but Rovno was now in Poland due to a boundary shift resulting from the Russo-Polish War. At that point the two older brothers emigrated to the United States, and the remaining family took up residence in the Warsaw ghetto, where George attended gymnasium. In late 1926, upon the death of his mother, Kuznets left Warsaw for Paris to await clearance of his visa for emigration to the United States. After some nine months on the Left Bank in Paris, his visa cleared and he was on his way. Upon arrival in New York, George acquired citizenship status by derivation through his father, who had emigrated to the United States some years before and had by now acquired citizenship by naturalization.

When Kuznets arrived in New York, he knew only two words of English, “yes” and “grapefruit.” He immediately enrolled at a high school associated with Columbia University offering special classes to help the foreign born with the English language. Subsequently, he moved with his father to Sierra Madre in southern California where he attended Pasadena Junior

College for two years before transferring to the University of California, Berkeley, on a Levi Strauss scholarship for academically promising foreign born undergraduates. At Berkeley he earned the A.B. degree in 1933 and the Ph.D. degree in 1941, both degrees in the field of psychology.

Kuznets began his academic career at Stanford University where, from 1937 to 1939, he was instructor in Psychology and Education and research associate in psychology. Prior to that, he was a teaching fellow from 1934 to 1936 and a 1936-37 University Fellow at Stanford. An additional important achievement during this period was his marriage to Alice Weymouth in 1939.

It was in the late 1930s and early 1940s that Kuznets made the transition from the discipline of psychology and psychometrics into econometrics and statistical analysis of economic phenomena. During this transition period, Kuznets held appointment (beginning in 1939) in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Berkeley as Associate in the Agricultural Experiment Station and on the Giannini Foundation. Moving to ladder rank upon completion of the Ph.D. in 1941, he entered a highly productive career of research and teaching. He authored more than 90 journal articles, research reports, and other papers focusing primarily on empirical analysis of agricultural data, use of economic theory in quantitative research, and various approaches to empirical analysis. His many empirical studies of demand for California fruits and vegetables established him as one of the leading scholars in this type of research.

Kuznets' greatest contribution was through his teaching, not only in Agricultural and Resource Economics but also in Statistics and in Economics, departments in which he also held professorial appointments. A dedicated teacher, he designed and taught courses in statistical inference for social scientists, regression methods, econometrics, sampling surveys, advanced economic theory, mathematical programming, and mathematical models of economic development.

He was highly instrumental in setting the direction of and in implementing a departmental doctoral program that emphasized the analytical quantitative approach to economic problems and high standards of technical competence. He was a thoughtful and influential participant in an interdepartment committee on quantitative economics, active in the 1950s, giving attention to the development of new courses and the coordination of course offerings in the departments of Agricultural Economics, Business Administration, Economics, Mathematics, and Statistics. In addition, much teaching effort went into patient but technically exacting supervision of doctoral dissertation research. At one point in his career, he for three successive years directed doctoral students whose Ph.D. dissertations won American Agricultural Economics Association awards.

During his long career at Berkeley, Kuznets served the University in other ways as well. He was a member of several Academic Senate committees

and of a number of chancellor's and other advisory committees. He also served various agencies in the State of California and the federal government in an advisory capacity, including the State Board of Equalization, the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Through the years, honors came Kuznets' way in recognition of his scholarly contributions. He was a Council Member of the Econometrics Society for a two-year period; and he was elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow of the American Statistical Association, and Fellow of the American Agricultural Economics Association.

George Kuznets died in August, 1986, after a long struggle with emphysema. He is survived by his wife, Alice, who has been active in Eastbay early childhood (preschool) education for more than 40 years; a daughter, Ruth Hauptman; a son, David; and six grandchildren. His presence will be sorely missed by those who knew him, within the academic community and without.

I.M. Lee G.F. Break A. de Janvry E.L. Scott H.R. Wellman


Peter Wilhelm Lampert, Pathology: San Diego


Peter Wilhelm Lampert was an internationally renowned experimental and clinical neuropathologist and professor and chairman of the Department of Pathology at the University of California, San Diego.

Dr. Lampert was born in Munich, Germany, on April 9, 1929. He was the eldest son of six children and had to endure the hardships of wartime during childhood. He received premedical education in Germany and studied medicine at the University of Montpellier (Montpellier, France), a famous institution dating back to the thirteenth century, where he met his future wife, Anne Lutchmaya; at the Sorbonne in Paris, France; and at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University (Frankfurt, Germany), where he was awarded the degree of doctor of medicine in 1955. His postgraduate education included a rotating internship at St. Mary's Hospital (Knoxville, Tennessee), and a one-year pathology residency at Colorado State Hospital (Pueblo, Calorado), and from 1957 to 1961 residencies in anatomic pathology, clinical pathology, neuropathology, and internal medicine at the Toronto General Hospital. It was during this time in Toronto, while training with George Olszewski, that he developed his interest in neuropathology and played a strong role in establishment of the Canadian Neuropathology Association. In 1962 he became a diplomate of the American Board of Pathology (anatomic pathology and neuropathology).

Lampert's professional positions included a lectureship in pathology at the University of Toronto (1960-61), appointments as assistant and associate pathologist at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (Washington, D.C.) from 1961 to 1965, a clinical associate professorship in pathology at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. from 1963 to 1969, and service as chief of experimental neuropathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (1965-69).

In 1969 Lampert was appointed professor of pathology and head of neuropathology at the new University of California School of Medicine at

San Diego. This position was accompanied by appointments as visiting investigator at Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation (La Jolla, California), consultant in pathology for the Veterans Administration Medical Center (La Jolla), and consultant in neuropathology for the Naval Regional Medical Center (San Diego). In 1979 Dr. Lampert was named chairman of the Department of Pathology and assumed his second term in this post two years before his death.

Lampert believed it his civic duty to render government and community service, including occasional medicolegal testimony. For such service he always declined remuneration, believing that expert opinion should be given without recompense. During his distinguished career, he served on many editorial boards including those of Laboratory Investigation and the Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology. He also served on National Institutes of Health study sections and Food and Drug Administration advisory panels. He had been a member of the American Board of Pathology Test Committee (neuropathology) and president of the American Association of Neuropathologists.

Lampert was author of more than 150 scientific articles, mostly in experimental neuropathology. He was internationally known for his investigations of the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, an area of interest which he first expressed in his medical school thesis in 1955. Impressed by Lumsden's demonstrations of oligodendroglial loss in multiple sclerosis and by epidemiologic evidence favoring a viral etiology, Lampert sought animal models of demyelinating disease. The last fifteen years of his research was devoted to the study of two demyelinating murine viral encephalomyelitides. He was especially proud of his electron micrographs demonstrating viral infection of oligodendroglia inducing proliferation of these cells and abnormalities of remyelination. His most elegant work was probably the description of the fine structural changes of experimental allergic neuritis, but his most cited papers dealt with regenerative, degenerative, and dystrophic changes of axons. Attention to aesthetics as well as scientific rigor ran like a subconscious tide through his papers. He would tolerate no technical shortfall, recognizing that lack of elegance in presentation would subvert the results of good work.

Although he was a prolific experimentalist, Lampert was also held in high esteem as a clinical neuropathologist and as an exceptionally skilled electron microscopist. His opinion about the pathologic diagnosis of muscle, nerve, and brain disease was sought world-wide, as evidenced by the myriad of specimens and slides which appeared weekly at his office door. As a department chairman, he was known to be an outstanding administrator. His effective reorganization of the Department of Pathology and the Division of Experimental Pathology stand as testimonies to his administrative and organizational skills.


Peter Lampert's teaching was marked by a crisp, incisive style of delivery supplemented by beautiful illustrations derived from his own research and practice. While he strove to teach basics with uncommon clarity, students remember in particular the film he liked to show of Kuru patients in New Guinea. Having drawn their attention by its overtones of cannibalism, he would patiently explain that it was through cuts and abrasions that the virus infected its host, rather than by the cannibalism itself. Although he loved to weave research themes into his teaching, his first goal was to leave the students with practical information for subsequent hours of clinical need. Later in his career, he became very eloquent about the neuropathology of boxing--his only stated crusade. He was repelled by a sport whose object is to inflict injury. Knowing that it would not easily be stopped, he hoped to disseminate his concerns through medical education. He emphasized that the dangers of boxing lie in brain injury from repetitive pummelling rather than from dramatic “knockouts” in the ring.

Lampert found relaxation in skiing and camping with his three children, Dominique, Michael, and Sylvie. His annual bicycle trips with his son Michael, down the Oregon coast always provided many happy hours of discussion later. In addition, rose gardening provided Lampert with great pleasure.

In the fall of 1985, Peter discovered that he had a malignant lymphoma. Undaunted and in typical “Lampert” fashion he decided to fight it all the way. He told his department that “we will get through this too.” His strategic plan included multiple-agent chemotherapy and total-body irradiation accompanied by autologous bone-marrow transplantation in Seattle. Finally, having learned that all his efforts had been unsuccessful, he returned to his home in La Jolla, where he spent the remaining two and one-half weeks of his life. He bore his last illness with extraordinary bravery, rising to his final challenge with his characteristic mixture of toughness and humor while giving and receiving loving strength from the family that was the center of his life.

It is hard to describe a truly exceptional man, but the qualities we remember most are a mixture of contrasts. Peter Lampert was businesslike but humorous, intellectually rigorous but open to new ideas, vigorous in conviction but flexible in debate. Above all, he had a wonderfully supple intellect, a constant interest in new directions, a willingness to confront difficult problems but also to consider opposing points of view, and an impulse to quick decision tempered by a great sense of fairness. His students remember his delight in implanting new ideas in the minds of others, encouraging their work and giving them the credit. He knew that progress in science rests more in the totality of effort than in satisfying personal ambitions. His untimely loss is most keenly felt by family, colleagues, and friends, but his memory is our consolation.


In the words of William Shakespeare:

He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one...
Exceeding wise, fair spoken, and persuading;
To those men that sought him
Sweet as summer.

David N. Bailey Charles E. Davis Henry C. Powell


Frank D. La Tourette, Theater Arts: Los Angeles


Devotion to the art of broadcasting and young people motivated Frank D. La Tourette to devote the later years of his life to sharing his professional experience with students in the Motion Picture/Television Division, Department of Theater, Film and Television. This act of giving something back to his profession through teaching was richly rewarding to both Frank and his students. His savvy, humor and wisdom were offered in such a loving, disciplined manner that his life as a teacher and friend will not soon be forgotten.

His early preparation for a professional career was deeply rooted in scholarly pursuits. He studied philosophy and language at St. Thomas Seminary, Denver, Colorado, and received an A.B. in 1936. Interest in theology and languages took Frank to Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, for two years of study. A change of interests prompted his return to Denver where he concluded his formal education in journalism at Register College of Journalism receiving a B. Jour. and M. Litt. in 1941.

He began his journalism career in Denver as a reporter and columnist for the National Register System of Newspapers and soon moved to San Francisco to serve as a reporter for the International News Service. In 1944 he entered broadcasting as managing director of ABC News, West Coast Division. For the next 22 years, Frank served with distinction in a variety of program formats as a television writer, director, producer or consultant for ABC, NBC, CBS, and 20th Century Fox Television.

His versatility can be seen in his association with such programs as the first transcontinental telecast of the Japanese Peace Conference in San Francisco, first telecast of an atom bomb explosion from Yucca Flats in Nevada, “Dragnet,” “Medic,” “Land of the Giants,” “Time Tunnel,” “Lost in Space,” “Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea,” Col. John Glenn's orbital flight at Cape Canaveral, President Nixon's return to private life in San Clemente, and segments for network news broadcasts such as “World News Tonight,” “Good Morning America” and “Nightline.”


His profession honored him with two major awards, The Sylvania Award for Creative Technique in Television in 1954 and an Emmy Award in 1967 for the documentary, “Vietnam: The Village War.”

In 1966 Frank's professional commitment changed with his appointment to the UCLA faculty, teaching courses in broadcast news and documentary, television production, and motion picture and television writing. He served on many department, college and University committees as well as several terms as vice chair of the Motion Picture/Television Division. At the time of his death, he was serving as vice chair. Frank's centrality in the life of his students was evidenced by constant service on thesis committees and use of his professional contacts to arrange internships. During these teaching years his many community activities ranged from teaching religious classes to serving on Channel 58 TV's board of directors. Frank was just a few weeks from retirement at the time of his death in March of 1985. His family, colleagues, students, and friends honored him by establishing the Frank La Tourette Scholarship Fund to assist students enrolled in the Motion Picture/Television Division.

He is survived by his wife, Lola, a sister, two daughters and five grandchildren.

Teshome Gabriel Ruth Schwartz Donald Crabs


Michel M. J. Lavoipierre, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine: Davis

Professor of Parasitology
Lecturer in Entomology

One could not come away from a conversation with Michel without knowing that he was an extraordinary person. Michel was truly the Renaissance man, a vanishing breed in an age of stifling over-specialization. He was above all a gentle and loyal man, faithful to his religion, devoted to his children and students, and steadfast in his pursuit of academic truth.

Born in South Africa on April 24th 1920, Michel's involvement with parasitology began at an early age. Indeed, overzealous boyhood explorations of fresh water ponds and streams in Natal Province led to firsthand experiences with schistosomiasis on three separate occasions. His early schooling began in Pietermaritzburg and Durban, South Africa. He received his B.S. in zoology and botany from the University of Natal in 1943 with a Distinction, an academic accomplishment of which he was secretly most proud. Michel went on to study medicine at the University of Witwatersrand, and finally obtained M.B. and Ch.B. degrees from the University of Liverpool in England in 1951 under Professor R. M. Gordon. Later, he was to co-author Entomology for Students of Medicine with Gordon, a wonderfully written treatise on medical entomology that remains the constant companion of the teaching medical entomologist and of the advanced student studying for oral examinations. Michel continued his postgraduate studies in parasitology at the University of Paris, the National Museum of Natural History in Paris and at the University of Liverpool, England.

His professional life began during World War II when he served as a medical entomologist in Africa and the Mediterranean region. Later, in 1951, he was a lecturer in medical entomology at the University of Liverpool in the School of Tropical Medicine. In 1960 he accepted a position as a medical entomologist with Kaiser Foundation in Richmond, California and then transferred to Hooper Foundation for Medical Research at the University of California, San Francisco in 1961. In 1963 Michel traveled to Malaysia as the resident coordinator of the International Consortium for Medical

Research and Training for the University of California. During this time he was also a research associate of the University of Singapore. In 1965 he returned to the Hooper Foundation and in 1967 he joined the Department of Veterinary Microbiology in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California, Davis. In 1980 Michel transferred to the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine in the School of Veterinary Medicine where he was active until his death in 1984.

His major fields of research read something like the table of contents to a standard text on medical entomology: feeding mechanisms of blood-feeding arthropods and the host reactions they elicit while feeding; the ecology of ectoparasitic arthropods, especially mites and fleas; transmission mechanisms of arthropod-borne diseases, especially nematode-vector; the biology and epidemiology of filarial interactions, mosquito physiology; mite and sandfly taxonomy and biology, and the impact of insect-borne disease upon history. Although Michel's contributions to basic research in the field of medical entomology and parasitology are considerable, he was personally most proud of his discovery of a pentastomid parasite of lizards that has an invertebrate host--the cockroach. However, the most significant aspect of his accomplishments was that he shared the knowledge he gathered from a lifetime of thoughtful study with both colleagues and students alike, assisting and enriching their research endeavors.

His remarkable breadth of expertise extended far beyond medical entomology and parasitology. He focused the same intense interest, excitement and enthusiasm on a wide array of disciplines and personal interests, including Persian art, classical music and wine. He was most fond of the French song cycles of the later part of the last century and was a devotee of opera. He was fluent in a variety of languages, including French, his second language, German, Russian, Afrikaans, Xhosa and Zulu. Michel was a collector of rare and ancient books, especially volumes on the effect of arthropod-borne disease on history.

Michel consistently provided his students with his time and energy, regardless of his own circumstance, giving advice, criticism and above all encouragement. Whatever resources he possessed he made available, sharing his library, his equipment and even his house. He invariably played down his own contributions to his students. It is not surprising that so many of his graduate students formed strong personal bonds with him that extended far beyond the confines of school. Michel's students had a major professor who demanded accurate and thorough research and, more importantly, was a true personal friend and confidante. Even though much of Michel lives on within each of us, we all miss him very much.

Deane P. Furman Hans P. Riemann Calvin W. Schwabe


Edward K. C. Lee, Chemistry: Irvine


Edward K. C. Lee, an internationally renowned physical chemist, died on September 29, 1986. He is survived by his sons, Andrew and Maurice and four brothers and sisters, as well as a wide group of close friends who will greatly miss this kind, dedicated person.

Edward Lee was born in Korea on January 24, 1935. He came to the United States in 1954 to attend college as a scholarship student with little knowledge of the English language. Five years later he graduated from Kansas Wesleyan University with cum laude honors. In 1959 he entered graduate school in chemistry at the University of Kansas and began what was to become a distinguished career in physical chemistry. His work in radiochemistry led to his Ph.D. degree from the University of Kansas in 1963. His thesis study of the substitution of energetic tritium atoms for hydrogen in cyclobutane remains the definitive example of secondary decompositions following the deposition of many electron volts of vibrational excitation energy into such molecules.

Edward Lee joined the faculty of the University of California, Irvine in 1965 as one of the first UCI faculty in chemistry. On moving to UCI he directed his research into the area of photochemistry. Six years later he was promoted to full professor at UCI. This rapid advancement was indicative of the significant impact which his work had on the photochemistry community. During the last 21 years he has had a major impact on the understanding of spectroscopy, energy transfer and photochemistry of small molecules in the gas phase and in condensed media. His death came at a time when the international recognition of his many continuing contributions in this area was rapidly increasing.

During a sabbatical in Cambridge, England in 1971 he contracted hepatitis. Since that time he had suffered from impaired liver and kidney function. He was, however, not willing to give in to these problems and continued an active and aggressive research and teaching career up until his death.

Edward Lee was on the editorial advisory board of the Journal of Physical Chemistry at the time of his death. He was the author or co-author of more

than 140 papers on his research. His recent work provided detailed information on the effects of coriolis interactions on the spectroscopy and photodissociation of molecules. This is now leading to a more complete understanding of the effects of the rotational motion of molecules on their excited state reactions.

He was the recipient of many honors and awards. He was a National Science Foundation Senior Fellow at Cambridge University in 1971-1972, and an Alexander von Humboldt Senior U.S. Scientist in 1977 and 1979. In 1986 he was honored as Outstanding Alumnus by Kansas Wesleyan University. He was an active member of the American Chemical Society, the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Interamerican Photochemical Society. He was elected a fellow of the American Physical Society in 1986.

Edward K. C. Lee was a valued friend and colleague who will be sorely missed by all whose lives he touched. He gave much of himself to us, to the scientific community and to the University of California, Irvine during its formative years.

John C. Hemminger Harold W. Moore F. Sherwood Rowland


John Leighly, Geography: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

John Leighly, who died after a brief illness at his Berkeley home on July 9, 1986, had been continuously associated with the Department of Geography at Berkeley for more than 62 years. He was invited to Berkeley in 1923 while a graduate student at the University of Michigan. He received the first Ph.D. in geography to be granted by this university, earning the doctorate in 1927 with a dissertation on The Towns of Mälardalen in Sweden: A Study in Urban Morphology, while serving as a Teaching Associate. He became an assistant professor in 1927, an associate professor in 1935, and a professor in 1943.

From 1954 until his retirement in 1960 he was chairman of the Department of Geography. There had been time out during the war years for work with the Air Force Weather Center in Washington, D.C., and there were visiting appointments later at Stockholm, Uppsala, Hawaii, Wisconsin, and San Francisco State.

Born the second son of a family of four boys in rural Adams County, Ohio, on the margins of the Allegheny Plateau, his childhood seems to have been one of considerable deprivation and adversity, “more than harsh enough,” he once wrote, “to satisfy the American tradition.” He taught country school for a time in Illinois and Michigan, then worked his way through college, beginning at Mount Pleasant Teachers College (now Central Michigan University) and completing at the University of Michigan, where he majored in geology. At Ann Arbor he had made the acquaintance of Carl Sauer, the professor of geography in what was then a combined geology-geography department, and when Sauer came to California he invited Leighly to accompany him.

Leighly regularly offered classes in climatology, meteorology, and cartography, as well as the history of geographic thought and, at times, the geography of Europe or of Scandinavia. He was best known for his publications on climatology (including its history) and cartography (especially

map projections and the graphic representation of numerical data), but also made notable contributions in other areas, such as the dynamics of stream flow. The maps and graphs he drew to illustrate his own writings were often true works of art. He was a craftsman of the old school, disdaining mechanical aids in lettering or computation. He had a lifelong interest in place names and family names. His last major monograph, German Family Names in Kentucky Place Names, was published by the American Name Society in 1984. A sequel on Tennessee place names was nearing completion at the time of his death. These, and his early published works on Scandinavian historical geography and on the nature of geography as a scholarly discipline, underscored his humanistic interests.

He also edited the writings of two men he particularly admired, Carl Sauer (Land and Life: Selected Writings of Carl Ortwin Sauer, University of California Press, 1963) and Matthew Fontaine Maury (The Physical Geography of the Sea and its Meteorology, Harvard University Press, 1963). While he had an aversion to restrictive definitions of geography, he himself chose to see the subject first and foremost as an “earth science.” It saddened him that it was increasingly classified as a “social science” in the schools with the accompanying downgrading of the physical side of the subject. “The earth,” he wrote, “is assuredly not a social phenomenon.” He was a mentor of and a fellow graduate student with C. Warren Thornthwaite (Ph.D., 1950) who set the study of climate on a new course with his work on applied climatology and detailed water-budget computations of potential evapotranspiration.

Leighly's published works, including more than 100 finely honed articles and monographs and some 50 astonishingly perceptive and critical reviews, are listed in 60 Years of Berkeley Geography: Bibliographies of 159 Ph.D.s Granted by U.C. Berkeley Since the Establishment of the Doctoral Program, 1923-1983, a volume dedicated to him on the occasion of his 88th birthday. His remarkable capacity to shift from physical science to humanistic, historical geography and back again set him distinctively apart from most of his contemporaries. In an unpublished autobiography he wrote with characteristic humility: “Both from instruction and wide reading I learned a little about many things, but acquired special competence in none. My publications were less voluminous than what others might have produced with the same amount of time and effort... my working habits were formed at a time when there were no funds for assistance. I did my own drafting, typing and computation... always finding it necessary to revise and rewrite... Those who come later will face more severe competition than I have faced, and probably have to be more specialized... I am grateful to have been spared such competition, even though it may have some utility in keeping academic standards high.”


He disliked the drudgery of administration and committee work. He spoke openly of the irksomeness of his years as departmental chairman immediately prior to his retirement. He has written how he “dreaded seeing those kraft-paper envelopes used for intra-campus communications that come down from higher levels of the administrative hierarchy.” He was probably too conscientious to be a chairman. He answered every letter of inquiry from prospective students in great detail, but as their enrollment typically required unavailable funding, such effort went for naught.

He was a kind and courteous colleague, uncompromising, direct, soft spoken, and wise. He did not unbend easily, being by nature shy and quite formal, a true gentleman scholar. He was frugal both in his personal life and as an administrator. He had no desire to see the department grow and, never forgetting that the university's funds came from the taxpayers, he was hesitant about increasing departmental expenditures when making out the year's budget in his role as chairman. He set a standard of scholarship and intellectual integrity that contributed significantly to the strong sense of identity among Berkeley geographers that still persists. He represented as no one else could the continuity that has characterized the department over the past six decades.

Leighly was an uncommon man, a physical scientist who was also a man of letters, renowned almost as much for his extraordinary command of, and love for, the English language as for his meticulous scholarship. In his later life he received many honors, including the Cullum Medal of the American Geographical Society, the Wahlberg Medal of the Swedish Society of Anthropology and Geography, the first Distinguished Service Award of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers, and the Presidency (1959) of the Association of American Geographers, and honorary degrees from Eastern Michigan University and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

He married Katherine Edmonds, a botany graduate student and later an employee of the University Library, in 1929, just prior to a sabbatical trip to Scandinavia on a Social Science Research Council research grant that resulted in a classic monograph on The Towns of Medieval Livonia. In succeeding years they travelled together through much of the United States, including Alaska, and Europe. The house on Arch Street that they planned and built was a favored gathering place for graduate students until her death, which occurred while they were in Germany in 1956. Four years later, he surprised his friends by marrying Barbara Hawn, then a graduate student in geography and 36 years younger than he. On the first day of his formal retirement, in July 1960, Joseph, the first of two children was born to them. There followed a daughter, Margaret. Barbara passed away rather suddenly a year ago, leaving John once again alone. He is survived by the two children, both recent graduates of the University.


The inscription on the Cullum Medal (1964) described him as a “contemplative analyst of earth and sky and human history: scholar and teacher in the humane tradition; dedicated geographer.” Those who knew him and worked with him will agree.

James J. Parsons David Hooson Theodore Oberlander Dan Stanislawski


Stuart Lindsay, Pathology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Born February 28, 1912 in Sacramento, Stuart Lindsay was destined to be a distinguished contributor to medical education, research and public service. Austerity in his early postdoctoral life sharpened a life-long zeal for accomplishment and perfection. His accomplishments in the study of the thyroid gland, arteriosclerosis, and the effects of radiation have contributed significantly to our basic knowledge of these entities. Nationally and internationally they continue to be points of reference.

Experiences in his residency training and early academic life as an instructor kept aflame a compulsion to widen his boundaries of knowledge and to complete any task undertaken. Ironically, his life was sadly terminated December 19, 1985 by neoplastic diseases which were at stages beyond cure. Fourteen years previously in 1971, Dr. Lindsay chose retirement from active academic life and became an emeritus professor with a bibliography of 183 entries including book reviews, abstracts, and completed journal articles or book chapters.

Upon graduation from Sacramento High School in 1930 he attended Sacramento Junior College until 1932 when he transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, where he received his B.A. degree cum laude in 1934. Four years later in 1938 he was graduated from the University of California School of Medicine and was elected to membership in the honorary medical society, Alpha Omega Alpha.

After two years training in surgery (internship and assistant residency), he undertook special training in pathology beginning in 1940. He completed his residency training in pathology in 1942 and became a faculty member as an instructor. At that time, there being essentially no provision for adequate supplementation of University salary by practice or consultation at the University Hospital comparable to that of full-time clinical colleagues, he accepted the privilege of extramural part-time appointments. This began with those at the Community Hospital, 1942-53, and at Mills Memorial Hospital, 1944-50 (both in San Mateo). At Mills Hospital he was a co-appointee

as visiting pathologist with James F. Rinehart, who was chairman of the Department of Pathology at the University. Other part-time appointments included those at the Community Hospital, San Mateo, 1942-53; the San Mateo County Public Health Laboratory, 1946-49; the South San Francisco Hospital, 1948; and the Sequoia Hospital in Redwood City, 1950-71. Of these various activities the principal one was that of pathologist at Sequoia Hospital. With these activities Lindsay recruited associates to maximize quality service rendered and to minimize drainage of time and energy away from his basic University appointment. Beginning in 1945, at the time of his promotion to assistant professor, his salary was adjusted to a part-time basis which varied between 50% to 80% time throughout the remainder of his University career. Throughout the years Lindsay not only made a major professional contribution to the quality of medical care “down the peninsula” but fulfilled with distinction his University obligations by excellent performance in teaching, research, and service.

A liaison of 25 years with I. L. Chaikoff of the Department of Physiology in Berkeley began with the publication in 1946 and 1948 of research on the experimental production of arteriosclerosis in birds by the administration of diethylstilbesterol. Developing interest in cardiovascular matters was manifested by his 1950 publication in the British Heart Journal of an article entitled “The Cardiovascular System in Gargoylism” . This followed joint publication of two earlier studies of a series of cases seen clinically at the hospital. Gargoylism, a rare type of atypical chondrodystrophy of possible genetic origin, had formerly been associated with disturbance of lipid metabolism. Lindsay, however, arrived at the conclusion that the essential disturbance was one of carbohydrate metabolism, completely confirmed two years later by studies at Harvard.

Lindsay's collaborative research on arteriosclerosis (natural and induced) with Chaikoff covered such a wide range of non-human primates, fowl, rodents, and mammals that students and younger staff members began to refer to him as a “comparative pathologist.” In the list are not only rats, cats, dogs, monkeys, lemurs, baboons, and an elephant, but chickens, birds, ostriches and emu. Although continuing until 1968, most of these studies were in the period between 1950 and 1960. This was in contrast to his studies on the thyroid and ionizing radiation which became more numerous later and which experimentally were confined almost entirely to the rat.

Other fields of research included not only the study of endocrine induced changes in the blood but also thyroid diseases and the effects of ionizing irradiation, principally those induced in the thyroid by radioactive iodine. In 1948 he had received a grant for the “Study of thyroid pathology with special reference to the processes in nodular goiters and thryoiditis,” and by 1950 his interest in the thyroid gland was fully developed. A succession

of several publications followed, viz., the clinical significance of a solitary nodule in the thyroid gland, the pathology of nodular goiter, carcinoma of the thyroid gland, the pathology of nodular goiter, carcinoma of the thyroid gland, and thyroid neoplasms in youth. As early as 1948 he presented a paper on the natural history of thyroid cancer at the Fourth International Cancer Congress in St. Louis. One must look upon this early involvement in thyroid pathology as the extension of the earlier UCSF history of faculty involvement in thyroid diseases. W. I. Terry, H. Searles, L. Goldman, M. Soley and others had made UCSF a referral center for northern California for patients with thyroid disease.

By the 1950s Lindsay had established a growing recognition nationally and internationally. In addition to meetings of the American Goiter Association in Chicago, St. Louis, Boston, and San Francisco, he became a notable participant at scientific meetings, workshops, seminars, and conferences abroad. These included the Fifth International Thyroid Conference in Rome (1965) and thyroid cancer symposiums in Marseilles (1964), London (1967), and Lausanne (1968). An international conference on arteriosclerosis was attended in Paris (1967). He was a participant in the second, third, and fourth world congresses on fertility and sterility, held consecutively in Naples (1956), Amsterdam (1959), and Rio de Janeiro (1962).

Prominent among publications was his careful and historic review in 1961 of 293 cases of carcinoma of the thyroid which had been seen between 1920 and 1954 at the University Hospital. This set forth his criteria for the classification of thyroid cancer, particularly of the papillary type, one concerning which there had been much confusion. Lindsay's valuable 1968 contributions on “Papillary Thryoid Carcinoma Revisited” and on “Ionizing Radiation and Experimental Thyroid Neoplasms: A Review” are published in volume twelve of the Monograph Series of the International Union Against Cancer (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg and New York, 1969). Also notable in his publications is his chapter on “Arteriosclerotic Lesions in Animals other than Man” , published in Heart and Circulation, Volume 1, 1966. Two months of his sabbatical in 1958 were spent consecutively at the Postgraduate Medical School in London with S.G. Everson Pearse and at the University of Zurich with Christoph Hedinger.

Dr. Lindsay will long be remembered not only for his enrichment of knowledge in the biological sciences resultant from research in the various fields of his endeavor but also for his indefatigable drive.

Stuart is survived by his wife, Sue Jane; sons, William Stuart and John W., and daughter, Jane Dreeszen.

D.A. Wood L.H. Friedlander R.S. Hoyt W. Rosenau T.E. Toreson W.L. Bostick


John A. Long, Anatomy: San Francisco

Associate Professor

During John Long's last year, as he bravely fought the cancer that was to take his life, he worked enthusiastically on the revision for the 5th Edition of Basic Histology, the textbook edited by Junqueira and Carneiro, which now bears his name as well. That effort kept him going as much as did the chemotherapy. Ironically, two scientific loves, which reflect John Long's superb scholarship and are perhaps his most lasting contributions, are being published posthumously. The textbook on histology was his last love. His first love was a study of the embryology of Brachipoda, the subject of his dissertation research. Although he never published original papers from his thesis, it has had a profound influence on the field. For example, John Long is the invited author for the chapter entitled Brachipoda, which will appear in volume six of the series Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates edited by A.C. Giese and J.S. Pearse. This chapter will contain much of John's dissertation, to be published for the first time almost a quarter of a century after the work was completed. However, this reflects John's individualism. He set his own standards high above the norm, and did as he chose in establishing his career without trying to fit the mold of publish or perish.

John Long was born in Kingman, Kansas, July 30, 1934. He died October 13, 1986 and is survived by his sister, Mildred L. Foster. He attended the University of Kansas where he played the French horn in the marching band. His life was permeated by his love for good music as witnessed by his state of the art MacIntosh stereo sound system and gigantic Kilpsch horn speaker and by his absolute devotion to the San Francisco Opera and Symphony. We always knew it was opening night at the opera when John discarded his informal habit of dress and blossomed forth with tie, fancy slacks, and jacket. He often expressed a wistful desire for a green velvet cape to compliment the other finery.

Following receipt of his B.A. degree from the University of Kansas in 1956, John did a stint in the army for three years, spent largely in Germany.

He served as company clerk and subsequently thanked the army for teaching him to type. As a scientist, John's career began at the University of Washington, Seattle, where he did his graduate work at Friday Harbor under Dr. Fernald. He completed his dissertation entitled The embryology of three species representing three super families of articulate Brachipoda in 1964. This was published solely in Dissertation Abstracts, 25:7429, 1965. John's thesis provided the basis for teaching subsequent graduate students at Friday Harbor. Quoting from Chris Reed of Dartmouth who wrote to John on learning of his illness, “Many of us are thinking about you and the influence your work has had on us, especially as graduate students. I remember Dr. Fernald lecturing so clearly on modes of coelom formation and on oocyte organization and cleavage from your thesis work--and I remember how intrigued we all were and in awe of his former graduate student.” Along with this note Reed sent a draft of a chapter that he had written for a forthcoming techniques book honoring Fernald, a seven-page description on Phylum Brachiopoda that cites John Long's thesis twelve times.

John's elegant light microscopic studies led him to questions that he believed could be answered by the then blossoming new field of electron microscopy. For this reason, he went to Harvard Medical School for his postdoctoral training to study electron microscopy with Don Fawcett from 1964-1966. At Harvard, Fawcett and Roy O. Greep sparked John's interest in the adrenal gland and other steroid secreting cells. There John also met Al Jones and began a long collaboration on studies of the ultrastructure of the adrenal cortex. The collaboration continued after both had moved to the UCSF School of Medicine. John's original research on the adrenal cortex led Greep to invite John to write the chapter entitled “The Adrenal Gland” in the 3rd edition of Histology edited by Greep and L. Weiss in 1973. Subsequently, he was invited to rewrite the chapter for the 5th edition published in 1983 and edited by Weiss.

From Harvard, John was recruited by the Department of Anatomy of the University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, in 1967. He served the Department of Anatomy for almost 20 years as a major influence in the teaching of histology to medical and graduate students. He served as course director for a number of years and successfully maintained histology as a favorite course of first-year medical students. He was involved in bringing a scanning electron microscope to the department, serving as co-director of this facility for more than a decade, and teaching a graduate course in scanning electron microscopy. John's fascination with computers led him to oversee development of the departmental computer facility and to take charge of its operation.

To the Department of Anatomy at UCSF, John was a resource man. He read broadly in biology, and, whenever a colleague or student wanted to know something, it paid off to “ask John” before undertaking a library

search. Both his home and office libraries were abundant. He collected books on evolution, cell biology, marine biology, invertebrate biology, birds, and on Nepal. John loved Nepal. He made his first trek there in 1970 before it became popular. His fascination with Nepal may have evolved in part from his great love of the grandeur of the High Sierras where he spent a week to ten days backpacking the John Muir Trail many summers. He brought back stunning photographs of the mountains. From Nepal he brought back not only exquisite photos of the Himalayas, but also love of the people. He developed a great respect for the Sherpas, who hauled his belongings up and down the mountainside and for the Nepalese people living in that isolated corner of the earth, in full view of so much of nature's magnitude. He made many trips to Nepal including a sabbatical year at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu, bringing the gospel of cell biology to its graduate students.

For many of his colleagues and friends, a constant reminder of John is present in their homes in the form of a Tibetan rug from Nepal. So often did John return to Nepal and order rugs to be shipped to the U.S. for his friends that the U.S. Customs called a halt to it. During his battle with cancer, John taught us all a lesson. At no time did he complain or express despair. He died as he lived, proud and unbending, still faithful to his own personal high standards. Those of us who have had the privilege of knowing and working with John A. Long miss him very much.

Robert L. Hamilton Mary C. Williams Steven L. Wissig


Shang-Keng Ma, Physics: San Diego


Shang-Keng Ma, professor of physics at the University of California, San Diego, died at his home in La Jolla on November 24, 1983, following a prolonged illness. He was recognized as a leading theoretical physicist and educator in statistical mechanics. He is survived by his wife, Claudia, and their two children, Chien-San and Tien-Mu.

Ma was born in Szechaun, China, in 1940 and was raised and educated in China until 1959 when he transferred from the National Taiwan University to the University of California, Berkeley where he received his B.S. (1962) and Ph.D. (1966) degrees. His thesis “Correlations of Photons from a Thermal Source” was under the supervision of Kenneth Watson.

Ma came to the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) for postdoctoral work with Keith Brueckner in 1966 and in less than a year his extreme promise was recognized with a faculty appointment. During this early stage of his career he exhibited great versatility in his work on problems in quantum mechanical many-body theory which included charged Bose systems and non-uniform Fermi gases. In 1968 he was invited to the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University where he collaborated with S. J. Chang on the infinite energy limit of Feynman diagrams relevant to high energy processes in quantum electrodynamics, and produced a series of papers on the S-matrix formulation of statistical mechanics with R. Dashen. In 1971 he became a tenured member of the UCSD physics department and was also awarded an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship.

Ma is perhaps most recognized for his contributions to the theory of critical phenomena. As a visiting professor at Cornell University in 1972, he became involved with the early developments of the renormalization group theory of critical phenomena. Ma was instrumental in the formulation of the l/n-expansion, together with its implementation in the calculation of the critical exponents for a variety of systems. The generalization of the renormalization group theory to dynamical critical phenomena was pioneered by Ma, in collaboration with B. I. Halperin and P. C. Hohenberg.


Ma is also well known for his lucid review articles of the renormalization group theory. His interpretation and refinement of the conceptual and the calculational ideas unraveled much of the initial confusion in this complex subject and contributed significantly to our current understanding.

While on sabbatical leave at the University of California, Berkeley between 1973 and 1974, Ma investigated the problem of dynamical symmetry breaking and further extended his work on dynamical critical phenomena. In 1974 Ma was invited to write a monograph on the exciting and rapidly developing field of critical phenomena. The result was his book Modern Theory of Critical Phenomena (1976) which has become a fundamental text in condensed matter physics. It has been responsible for providing the foundation for many scientists currently involved in this large field of research. It will continue to represent a standard resource in this field.

In 1976, as a visiting member at CEN Saclay, Ma developed the Monte Carlo renormalization group technique. His idea of a hybrid theory, constructed from the union of two disjoint techniques, has evolved into a powerful technology that is widely used today for the numerical study of critical phenomena.

Ma made significant contributions to the theory of random systems. In 1975 with Y. Imry, he published the seminal paper on the effect of a random magnetic field on ferromagnetic order. Their model has come to be known as the random field Ising model. This pioneering work, with its important prediction for the value of the lower critical dimension, continues to represent a relevant area of intense and controversial research. Additional advances in understanding random systems emerged from his study of the dynamics of spin-glasses.

In 1981, Ma pioneered the “coincidence counting” method for the calculation of entropy from the phase space trajectory. He felt strongly that such a dynamical formulation of entropy was crucial for understanding random and other systems exhibiting metastability. He hoped that this idea would stimulate further development, refinement, and application.

Ma had a deep interest in furthering the scientific development and education in his native land. He believed very strongly that the teaching of fundamental science in any country should be in the native language of that country. He taught at Tsing Hua University, Taiwan in 1977 and in 1981, and while there decided to write an advanced text on statistical mechanics in Chinese. This book, published shortly before his death, is the culmination of his lifelong interest in statistical mechanics. Its uniqueness derives from his viewpoint based on dynamical origins rather than from the traditional approach based on the Gibbs ensemble. An English translation is in progress.

In addition to being a dedicated teacher and physics scholar, Ma had a broad range of cultural and social interests. He was a frequent contributor

to Chinese newspapers with commentary on contemporary political issues. He was a gifted painter and in recent years had extended his interest in music by learning to play the classical Chinese “ch'in” (zither) instrument.

Despite his declining health, Ma insisted on continuing to teach a graduate course in statistical mechanics until a few days before his death. The required energy and determination came naturally from his quiet dignity, enthusiasm, and passionate concern to communicate his unique insights to his students.

Joseph C.Y. Chen Sheldon Schultz Lu Jeu Sham


Walter Smith Mangold, Public Health: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Walter S. Mangold, a pioneer in Environmental Health Science, is remembered on this, the fortieth anniversary of the establishment of the University of California School of Public Health. He began his professional career in 1924 when he joined the Los Angeles Country Health Department as a sanitary inspector and ultimately became Chief District Sanitarian. During this time, he recognized the importance of environmental sanitation practice and the need for better trained personnel in this area. As a result, he developed one of the earliest and best inservice training programs for sanitarians. His efforts in this regard were recognized on both national and international levels.

In 1936 he was invited to be an Instructor in Sanitary Science at the University of Southern California School of Government and, subsequently that year, was invited by Dr. K. F. Meyer, of the Berkeley Department of Bacteriology and Director of the Hooper Foundation, to develop a sanitary-science training program for active practitioners. This association led to the development of an environmental-health division in the University's Student Health Service. Professor Mangold was destined to head this program until the time of his retirement and to see it develop into a model for the health and safety programs of other colleges and universities throughout the country. He continued to work with Dr. Meyer on a number of technical studies in the field of sanitation and, in 1942, was appointed lecturer in the Department of Bacteriology. He joined the faculty of the School of Public Health with its establishment in 1944 and developed the program in Sanitary Science. Under his direction, the program flourished and grew into the present Environmental Health Sciences group of the School.

During World War II he became very active in the training of Naval Officers in aspects of environmental health required to meet war emergency needs. His devotion to this activity was tireless and selfless. From this activity a long-lasting and fruitful relationship between the School of Public Health and the Naval Preventive Medical Corps was joined.


Walter Mangold's professional achievements were legion. He was the recipient of many awards and accolades. His efforts resulted in the elevation of the sanitarian to high professional status through education and training. He was a founding member of the National Association of Sanitarians (now known as the National Environmental Health Association) and established The Sanitarian and, as its first editor-in-chief, worked towards professionalization of the public-health inspector to sanitarian. This publication is now known as The Journal of Environmental Health . He was instrumental in the development of educational and professional standards for sanitarians and spearheaded the institution of state registration for this profession. As a result of these efforts, he came to be considered one of the most outstanding persons in the field of sanitary science. In 1956, in recognition of these life-long achievements, he was presented the first Walter S. Mangold Award, which has since been awarded annually by The National Environmental Health Association to the year's outstanding sanitarian.

Walter Mangold was not only a successful professional and educator, but also a fine human being. His personal integrity and high character were ever evident in all his teaching and professional activity. Those of us who were his students found him to be a demanding teacher yet a compassionate person who always had an ear for student problems. Those who were his associates held him in the highest esteem. He was a devoted family man and is survived by his wife, Bohumila Plecity Mangold, a daughter, Jane McLees of Sumter, South Carolina, two sons, Robert of Fairfield and Donald of Berkeley, California, four grandchildren and five great-grand-children. He will always be remembered by his colleagues and students with great admiration and deep affection.

Robert C. Cooper A. Harry Bliss William J. Oswald


Max Skidmore Marshall, Microbiology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Max S. Marshall served for 38 years at the University of California at San Francisco, from 1927, when he arrived as an assistant professor, until 1965, when he became professor emeritus. He began his career here at the Hooper Foundation in association with Karl F. Meyer. He was promoted to associate professor in 1934 and to professor in 1943. From 1947 to 1962 he served as chairman of the Department of Microbiology.

It can be rightly said that Dr. Marshall was born to bacteriology, his father having been Dr. Charles Edward Marshall, professor of microbiology first at the Agriculture College in Lansing, Michigan, where Max was born in 1897, then later at the Massachusetts Agricultural College in Amherst, Massachusetts. C.E. Marshall served as president of the Society of American Bacteriologists (now the American Society for Microbiology) in 1914.

Max Marshall earned his B.A. degree at the University of Massachusetts in 1920, his M.A. in 1922 and his Ph.D. there in 1925, at the time when that department was under the redoubtable direction of Frederick G. Novy, who had been the fifth president of the S.A.B. in 1904. Max was an assistant bacteriologist from 1920 to 1923 and a research bacteriologist from 1923 to 1927 at the Michigan State Department of Health with a major interest in the bacteriology of milk, a field in which his father was active. Max Marshall had served as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army from 1917 to 1919.

After his arrival in San Francisco and in addition to his university activities he served as a consultant to the Division of Laboratories for the City and County of San Francisco between 1936 and 1952. This brought him in association with his close friend, the formidable J.C. Geiger, whose biography, Crusader Undaunted, he wrote in 1958. For the year 1961 Marshall was appointed distinguished visiting professor at Michigan State University at Lansing, a return to his roots.

Marshall's earliest research was on bacteriophage, which later became the subject of his doctoral thesis, and on the bacteriology of milk, with

some publications with his father. He also began early in life long interest in biological products and vaccines, and even to the end of his teaching career he gave his students highly discerning and critically perceptive lectures on the subject. On coming to the Hooper Foundation and the Department of Bacteriology in San Francisco, he did some work on brucellosis, an active interest of Meyer with whom he worked. His interest then moved to work on disinfectants and sterilization. Finally in the late 1940s and early 1950s he joined several members of the School of Dentistry in in vitro studies on the initiation of caries.

Marshall's prime interest and great concern was teaching of professional students. This was reflected in his running a department mainly devoted to heavy teaching obligations to medical, dental and pharmacy students. In 1952 he was invited to a campus conference on college teaching at Oregon State University, and from 1956 to 1972 he participated in annual workshops on college teaching sponsored by the same institution. During this period he wrote and published numerous articles and notes in educational periodicals as well as two books: Two Sides to a Teacher's Desk in 1951, and Teaching Without Grades, in 1968. He also participated in the production of a number of teaching and laboratory manuals with colleagues in his department and with Geiger. He was deeply concerned about the grading system in operation in the School of Medicine in late 1940s and 1950s, preferring only a pass/non-pass report on students, but requiring his teaching staff to contribute descriptive evaluations on students under their supervision. This system was subsequently adopted by the School of Medicine and remains in operation.

During his long retirement he continued to write on education and to carry on an extensive correspondence with friends and former associates. He survived both his first and second wife; he is survived by a son, two daughters, a brother and a sister, several grandchildren and several great-grandchildren.

Reinhard S. Speck


Joseph Edward Mayer, Chemistry: San Diego

Professor Emeritus

Joseph Edward Mayer, one of the six initial members of the UCSD Chemistry Department, was a distinguished chemist, particularly renowned for work in the theory of statistical mechanics. Among many awards and honors, he had received the G. N. Lewis Medal (1958), the Peter Debye Award (1967) and the James Flack Norris Award (1969) from the American Chemical Society, the Chandler Medal (1966) from Columbia University, and the J. G. Kirkwood Medal from Yale (1967). He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences in 1946. He received an honorary Sc.D. from Brussels in 1962. In his professional career, he was successively a member of the faculties of Johns Hopkins (1937-39), Columbia (1939-45), Chicago (1945-60), and UCSD (1960-72, emeritus 1972-83).

Joe Mayer was born on February 5, 1904, in New York City. His father, an expatriate Austrian, was a civil engineer with an avid interest in science. Encouraged by his home background and also by an excellent high school teacher, in 1921 he entered the California Institute of Technology to study chemistry.

Joe wrote an informative and amusing autobiographical sketch of the first part of his life entitled, “The Way It Was” ; this article was published in Annual Review of Physical Chemistry in 1982, volume 33, pages 1-23. Much of the following material is taken from it.

At Cal Tech he was in contact with R. C. Tolman, A. A. Noyes, and R. Dickinson of the chemistry faculty, who were all first-class scientists, and with graduate students Paul Emmett and Linus Pauling, who were soon to become famous as scientists themselves. Joe worked for Dickinson as an undergraduate assistant while Pauling was starting his graduate work there; one of Joe's first tasks was to put up chicken wire to keep Pauling's hair out of the high-voltage line from the transformer to the x-ray tube. Joe received his B.S. degree in 1924 and moved on to Berkeley for graduate work in chemistry under gilbert Newton Lewis, who was one of the most important chemists of the first half of this century.


To describe his Berkeley period, we can quote from Joe's own sketch: “I can imagine no milieu more beneficial to the development of a graduate student than that department at that time. The atmosphere was that of unravelling the intricacies of nature in one of its important aspects. Pure knowledge of an assortment of unconnected facts was seldom emphasized, but a deep understanding of principles and originality in interpretation were most admired.”

In view of his later reputation as a theorist, it is interesting that Joe's first research was experimental. The 1927 publication from his thesis with G. N. Lewis was titled, A Disproof of the Radiation Theory of Chemical Activation . This showed that there was no experimental evidence that exposure of a molecular beam of pinene to a beam of infra-red radiation caused a chemical reaction, racemization of the pinene, in contradiction to a hypothesis popular at the time. Settling this question was important for the development of a correct theory of chemical reactions. However, it was at Berkeley that Joe's first work on chemical theory was done; this effort was in collaboration with G. N. Lewis on the relation between quantum statistical mechanics and thermodynamics.

In 1929 Joe was awarded a Rockefeller Fellowship and went to Göttingen, Germany, to work with James Franck, Nobel Laureate in Physics in 1925. Göttingen then was known as the source of the new quantum theory, developed there by Heisenberg, Schrödinger, and Born.

Joe worked with Born on the theory of ionic crystals, a collaboration that was interrupted for a year while he returned to the United States to take up a position in the Chemistry Department at Johns Hopkins.

At Göttingen Joe met Maria Göppert, a student of Born's. They were married in 1930, just before going to America. The Mayers had two children, Marianna and Peter. At Johns Hopkins they collaborated on a textbook of statistical mechanics, published in 1940, which has been known to generations of graduate students simply as “Mayer and Mayer.” Much later Maria received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of the shell theory of the atomic nucleus. Maria Mayer died in 1972. After Maria's death Joe married Margaret (Peg) Griffen.

The development of Joe's scientific work followed a pattern. In the Johns Hopkins and Columbia years he ran an experimental program measuring various thermodynamic properties of alkali halide crystals and vapors. One of us (BHZ) prepared a thesis on the vapor pressures of these crystals under his direction at Columbia. With the move to Chicago, however, he found setting up a laboratory again to be too much of an investment of time and energy, and he terminated this experimental work. At Johns Hopkins he wrote, in collaboration with several students, an epoch-making series of papers on the equilibrium statistical mechanics of imperfect gases. These introduced methods based on graphs, now known as Mayer graphs,

for evaluating the highly complex coefficients of the virial series for the various thermodynamic properties. Continuing this work at Columbia with W. G. McMillan, he extended the methods to liquid solutions; the resulting McMillan-Mayer solution theory has served as the rigorous basis for much later work. At Chicago he extended the methods further to ionic solutions, where the long-ranged Coulomb interaction potentials forced a regrouping of the terms of the various series. This paper created the first thoroughly rigorous foundation of the ionic-solution theory originally put forward by Debye and Huckel in the 1920s, and in addition showed how to make practically useful extensions into the difficult but important range of concentrated salt solutions. These cited items are only the most prominent of his many research activities.

Three of Joe's former students or post-doctoral associates are now members of the faculty of the University: M. Baur and W. G. McMillan at UCLA, and B. H. Zimm at UCSD.

In addition to his research and teaching career, Joe Mayer was active in public service. He was a consultant during World War II at the Ballistics Research Laboratories, Aberdeen Proving Ground, of the U.S. Army. In this connection he was at the front lines of Iwo Jima during the battle there. Afterwards he was for many years a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Laboratories. He was editor of the Journal of Chemical Physics from 1941 to 1952. He was chairman of the Commission of Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry from 1955 to 1967. He was a member of the Scientific Council of the Solvay Foundation of Brussels from 1961 on. He was vice president of the American Physical Society in 1972-73, becoming president in 1973-74. At UCSD he was chairman of the Chemistry Department from 1963 to 1966, at which time the department, first formed only three years before, was in a critical early stage of growth.

Joe Mayer had an unbridled curiosity and interest in the world around him. He thoroughly liked to laugh. He knew much about the world. He had a sure wisdom. Those who knew him were constantly rewarded by the clarity of his thought. Most significant, possibly, was his ability to listen so intently to others. Indeed, Joe Mayer was a contributor of the very best sort.

Leigh B. Clark Bruno H. Zimm


James Douglas McCullough, Chemistry: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

James D. McCullough died at his home in Irvine, California, on January 28, 1985. Known as Jimmy to his friends, he was born in Oskaloosa, Iowa, on May 17, 1905, and grew up in Seattle, Washington, before moving to California in the 1920s. His first regular employment was by the Standard Oil Company of California, as a junior clerk and then in a service station, a position that helped support him while he worked toward a bachelor's degree in chemistry at UCLA, which was less than a decade old when he enrolled in the late 1920s. Upon his graduation in 1932, Jimmy was described by the first department chairman as “possibly the most outstanding man we have had in the Chemistry department since we started giving instruction” and he was immediately appointed to the teaching staff. At that time, UCLA had no graduate program, but it needed help in teaching undergraduates so Jimmy taught regularly in West Los Angeles while doing graduate work 20 miles east, at Cal Tech in Pasadena, first with Arnold Beckman and later with Linus Pauling.

Jimmy initially chose a graduate research project in photochemistry, an interest developed during his undergraduate years. Beckman proposed that he work on the photolysis of H2Se--but since no photochemical equipment was available for several months, Beckman suggested that in the interim he study the thermodynamic relationships among the three crystalline allotropes of elemental selenium. X-ray diffraction seemed the only conclusive way to distinguish among these different crystalline forms, so he started by taking powder, Laue and rotation photos of various specimens of selenium. He quickly became hooked on crystallography by the beauty of the crystals themselves and of their diffraction patterns--and never returned to the photochemical problem.

After Jimmy completed his Ph.D. in 1936, Pauling and Sturdivant helped him set up an X-ray crystallography lab at UCLA by donating a rotation camera that was no longer in use at Cal Tech and by giving him the plans for a new X-ray tube they were having built. From these modest beginnings

grew the modern James D. McCullough X-Ray Laboratory at UCLA that was dedicated in his honor at a ceremony that he and many of his family, friends and former students attended in April 1983.

Jimmy's first structure, that of selenium dioxide, was published in 1937. He continued research mainly in the structural chemistry of this element and its congener tellurium throughout his lifetime and was the author of over 75 research papers. He was the thesis supervisor for 14 graduate students and collaborated with many more; three postdoctoral fellows also worked with him and several undergraduates were introduced to research under his guidance.

Jimmy was a man of strong principle and conscience, great loyalty and warm generosity. He played major roles in establishing the tradition of excellence in teaching that the UCLA Department of Chemistry has long cherished, and in the development of its strong graduate program, in part through his long service as graduate advisor. With Hosmer Stone, he was a fixture for many years in the teaching of introductory chemistry. Together, they developed many of the laboratory experiments, demonstrations and thought-provoking problems still used today in beginning courses. The laboratory manual written by McCullough and Stone was for many years the text for the first-year laboratories at UCLA.

Those who knew Jimmy well during his more than a half-century of devotion to UCLA as student and faculty member can relate at a moment's notice hilarious accounts of his ingenuity in thwarting those who tried to get by in some devious manner. Although he retired in 1971, Jimmy continued to visit the department occasionally, even in recent years when his health was not good, and he was still collaborating on a research paper during the last year of his life. He leaves three children, Doug (James D. Jr.), Elaine and Myra.

F.E. Blacet C.M. Knobler K.N. Trueblood


Donald George McKay, Pathology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Donald G. McKay, M.D., professor emeritus of pathology, died on August 4, 1985 at the age of 64. He was formerly professor of pathology at UCSF and chief of anatomic pathology at San Francisco General Hospital from 1967 to 1984. An outstanding pathologist and researcher of world renown, he was identified primarily as the person who delineated the syndrome of disseminated intravascular coagulation.

A native Californian, Dr. McKay was born and grew up in Sacramento. He did his premedical studies at Berkeley and received his M.D. degree from UCSF in 1945. Following his residency in Pathology at Boston City Hospital, he served two years in the U.S. Army Medical Corps at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. Returning to Boston in 1955, he embarked on a distinguished career in academic medicine which spanned 30 years at three medical schools: Harvard, Columbia, and UCSF. At the age of 39, he left Harvard to become Delafield Professor of Pathology and Chairman of the Department at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University, the youngest appointment to the position. During his seven-year tenure at Columbia, he successfully developed one of the finest research oriented training programs in pathology in the country. While he established his reputation in the east, he longed, however, to return to his native state and, in 1967, he left New York to become professor of pathology at UCSF and chief of pathology at San Francisco General Hospital where he remained for 17 years until his retirement.

McKay achieved international recognition in many areas of pathology. Through his research, which included 250 published papers, he contributed enormously to our understanding of disseminated intravascular clotting, shock, and toxemia of pregnancy. He was particularly interested in the participation of the blood coagulation system in obstetrical and endotoxin shock and the use of anticoagulants to prevent the deleterious effects of massive clotting in certain forms of shock. His book, Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation, remains the standard reference work in this field

20 years after publication. In the best tradition of academic medicine, many young investigators who were trained in his laboratory are now actively engaged in research on blood clotting at medical centers throughout the world.

McKay also made important contributions as an obstetric and gynecologic pathologist. His work played an important role in establishing the progression of cervical dysplasis to carcinoma-in-situ to invasive carcinoma, and he pioneered the use of histochemical techniques for studying the embryologic development of the human ovary. His expertise as a diagnostic pathologist of gynecologic tumors was legendary and resulted in a steady stream of worldwide consultations. A gifted and enthusiastic teacher, he shared his consultation cases for teaching purposes and was a role model for many students who subsequently chose pathology and gynecologic pathology as a career.

His colleagues will remember DGM as a man of energy, vision, and the utmost integrity who was greatly respected by all who worked with him. He had a fine sense of humor and it was a delight to listen to his many anecdotes and stories. A man of great courage, he maintained his humor, his farsightedness, and his sense of perspective, although severely disabled by heart disease during the last decade of his life. Always outgoing and responsive, he had a wide circle of close friends with whom he shared his interests in ranching and farming, philately (he was an avid collector of American stamps), history and world affairs. Above all, no comment could fail to mention his intense affection and loyalty for the University of California where he was educated and spent most of his professional life. He is survived by his wife, Jacoba, whose devotion and encouragement were a great support, and three children, John, Mary and George.

W. Margaretten E.L. Howes Jr.


Donald Hamilton McLaughlin, Mining and Metallurgy: Berkeley

Professor of Mining, Emeritus

Donald Hamilton McLaughlin died at his home in Berkeley on the last day of 1984. His peaceful departure closed a long illustrious life of 93 years, during which he had been accorded the world's admiration and acclaim as mining engineer and geologist, as University professor and regent, and as corporate manager and executive. Each of these professional groups has claimed him for its highest awards, but the universal recognition due him must also acknowledge his enormous personal contributions to his family, to his students and friends everywhere, and to all his countrymen. He and his gracious wife and partner, Sylvia, illustrate the very best in traditional generosity and hospitality. It was always thrilling to be with him and wonderful to be his friend.

Don McLaughlin was the only child of Dr. William Henry McLaughlin and Katherine Hamilton McLaughlin of San Francisco. Both his parents were from pioneering families in California. Grandfather McLaughlin was a miner who came to California in 1850 in the gold rush. After the early death of his father, Don's education was fostered by his mother's friend and employer, Phoebe Apperson Hearst, and the George Hearst mining tradition encouraged him to study mining engineering at the University of California. As a junior he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and he received honorable mention for the University Medal when he graduated in 1914. Recognizing his high potential, Mrs. Hearst then urged him to continue his studies at Harvard where he chose to study mining geology and carried out a thesis on the great Kennecott copper deposit in the Wrangell mountains of Alaska. McLaughlin's conclusions about hypogene chalcocite were based primarily on astute observations in the field, and they have survived succeeding generations of mineralogical reassessment. After completing the Ph.D. in three years, he immediately began to extend his study of copper sulfides to the Magma Mine in Arizona. But this was 1917, and he shortly entered Officers Training School--which quickly led to a commission as Infantry Lieutenant in the United States Army.


Returning from France in 1919, McLaughlin began his association with Cerro de Pasco. He moved to Oroya, Peru, and was soon promoted to chief geologist, dividing his time between mining operations and exploration for new deposits in the high Andes. He described the Peruvian Cordillera as a “paradise for geologists and alpinists.” He combined the talents of the two groups to produce, among other reports, a classic paper on the geomorphology of the altiplano. But his reputation grew so rapidly that in 1925 he was lured back to Harvard by an offer of a full professorship--the youngest on the campus.

For the next 16 years, his widely ranging abilities were applied as professor of mining and geology, and he became chairman of the Division of Geological Sciences during a period when it achieved world acclaim for the high quality of its graduate programs. In Peru he had perfected exacting engineering methods for recording observations and for evaluating structural problems. These were brought first-hand into the classroom, along with penetrating insight to precisely define the premises of an argument before attempting a logical conclusion. The technical logic was devastating, but always delivered with elegance and wit and human interest. His classes were fascinating.

During the summers of the early years at Harvard, McLaughlin's long association with Homestake Mining Company began in 1926, when he went to Lead, South Dakota, as geological consultant. In that capacity, he helped organize a geological department that continues to this day in his tradition. By carefully mapping the gold-bearing Homestake Formation through the intricacies of several epochs of deformation, he was able to guide the operations toward better ore control and more selective mining. After a few years, production of gold more than doubled without any increase in tonnage of ore mined. His classic 1931 paper on “The Homestake Enterprise--Ore Genesis and Structure” has seldom been equalled for clarity, accuracy, and style. It has been the foundation on which subsequent work has grown.

In 1941, President Sproul persuaded McLaughlin to return to his alma mater at Berkeley as professor and dean of the College of Mines to reorganize it into a department within the College of Engineering, after which he then served as the first dean of the present College of Engineering during 1942-43. Because of his proven management as well as technical leadership, he was invited to rejoin Cerro de Pasco in Peru as Vice President and General Manager. In 1945 he returned to San Francisco to become president and chief executive officer for Homestake Mining Company.

McLaughlin's diverse, scientifically oriented abilities maintained Homestake as a viable corporation during the time that their only product was gold, a commodity which was held at a fixed price for decades. Under his leadership Homestake diversified into other metals--uranium, lead, and

silver, thereby remaining profitable until the free market for gold was finally reestablished. McLaughlin was chairman of the board of directors of Homestake from 1961 to 1970, but after he “retired” at age 79, loyalties were so strong that he held the title of honorary chairman of the board and chairman of the executive committee for another 11 years. Even after that, the company named him chairman of the board, emeritus, and consultant, until he died. The largest gold strike in California in the twentieth century, Homestake's new McLaughlin Gold Mine, which came on stream in 1985, was named in his honor as the ultimate tribute.

During this same time, McLaughlin's contact with the University and the Berkeley campus was far from being finished. He was appointed to the Board of Regents in 1951 by Governor Earl Warren and served a full 16-year term, during which he served as chairman of the Committees on Educational Policy and Grounds and Buildings, before holding the position of chairman of the board from 1958-1960. His service occurred at the time the California Master Plan for Higher Education was developed, along with the major growth of the University to its present nine-campus configuration.

As a regent, Don's critical view of campus architecture was legendary. He had particular fondness for red tile roofs and for the Hearst Mining Building. When speaking of campus architects, Don observed in his Bancroft Library Oral History:

“I made myself, I think, quite obnoxious, but I'm not an architect, so I couldn't speak with any authority. All I could do was to say harsh things. I think my worst crack was that I thought their rule was, `A building doesn't have to be cheap, it simply must look cheap!' ”

In 1967, he was named emeritus professor of mining in recognition of his long service to the University of California.

McLaughlin's two distinguished careers in teaching and industry unfolded together. Even when he was teaching full time, his consulting activities continued in all parts of the world, and the results of these activities were brought into the classroom. Probably this is part of the reason for the tremendous achievements in each career. McLaughlin wrote nearly 70 important papers and gave well over 100 major speeches on technical and economic affairs all over the world. On these matters he could be persistent without being dogmatic, and critical without being scornful. Anyway, he was most often right!

Many demands were made on McLaughlin's talents in addition to the prime positions he held. In service to his fellow citizens, he was a member of the first National Science Board of the National Science Foundation from 1950-1960. He considered this his most important government assignment. He served as chairman of the A.E.C. Advisory Committee from 1959-72. From 1950 until 1965 he was a member of the advisory committee

of the U.S. Geological Survey. He helped in the governance of other universities as well, as a member of the Advisory Board of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford, and a member of the Visiting Committee at Harvard.

In addition to directorships in Homestake and Cerro de Pasco, his advice was sought as director by 9 corporations ranging from major mining companies such as INCO to airlines and banks. With real conviction, through the years he served on numerous panels concerning international monetary policy, always seeking fairness and intellectual honesty in currency management through the stabilizing influence of gold. His activities within professional societies were also at the highest levels. He served as president of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers in 1950, and received its highest honor, the Rand Gold Medal, in 1961. In 1953 he was president of the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America. Earlier, his colleagues elected him president of the International Society of Economic Geologists in 1938. Sociedad Geologica del Peru elected him to honorary fellowship and he served on the council of the Geological Society of America. Columbia University awarded him the Monell Gold Medal and Prize in 1964, and the American Academy of Achievement presented the Golden Plate Award in 1972.

Outside his profession he served as trustee or council member for at least 12 major community or philanthropic organizations. He was intensely interested in music and the fine arts. Travels and continuing reading kept him informed on nearly everything. Physical scientists, biologists, economists, artists, noted or novice, always found him a stimulating companion and friend, ready with wit, compassion, and benevolent candor to discuss the world's problems. Negative opinions, on matters ranging from campus architecture to international monetary policy and political or academic posturing, would always be tempered with sly amusement. He used to say he “tried to be a cheerful pessimist.” A friend from the Harvard faculty, former Justice Felix Frankfurter, once remarked that Don McLaughlin was the most “civilized” man he knew.

The analytical skills he developed as an engineer and geologist helped him assess human relations as well. The systems of nature are in some ways like human social problems. They are exceedingly complex with myriads of interdependent variables. McLaughlin was a keen observer of past and present human behavioral patterns, and therefore possessed the predictive capacity of a truly enlightened historian. To quote him, “No generation is likely to be satisfied with what its predecessors have accomplished, but no one is entitled to be taken seriously until he has acquired an adequate understanding of the tremendous achievements of the past.”

Honorary doctorates of engineering came from four major mining schools: South Dakota, Michigan, Montana, and Colorado. His alma mater, the

University of California, awarded him the L.L.D. in 1966, later presenting him with the first Distinguished Engineering Alumnus Award and the Centennial Medal in 1975, and the Alumnus of the Year Award of the California Alumni Association in 1977. As recognition of his contributions to Engineering at Berkeley and also to campus architecture, the Berkeley campus renamed its Engineering Building in his honor--McLaughlin Hall.

McLaughlin had two fully productive careers: one in the academic world and the other in the mining industrial world. It is fitting to summarize Don's association with both academia and industry by calling upon the citation read upon the occasion of his reception of the Degree of Doctor of Laws at the 1966 Commencement at Berkeley:

“On the University's varied stage, he has in his time played many parts--student, alumnus, professor, dean, and regent. In each of them, his performance has been distinguished by intellectual style, enthusiasm, and devotion to the highest standards of education. As a regent, he has consistently encouraged and contributed to orderly planning for the University's academic and physical development. In his professional life, he has won international recognition as mining geologist, engineer, administrator, and executive. The University salutes today a highly valued member and friend, and confers upon him its highest honor.”

McLaughlin's association with the University of California extended for nearly 75 years. Through a cornerstone gift from Homestake Mining Company, the Donald H. McLaughlin Chair in Mineral Engineering is being established in the College of Engineering at Berkeley. This endowed chair will perpetuate the recognition and memory of Donald McLaughlin's distinguished contributions to the mineral industry and to mineral education.

All of us whose lives were enriched by him are indebted to Sylvia, his wife, and to his children Donald, Charles, Jean, and George for sharing this great and gracious man with us. There are indeed few complete men in any age, but our age was very fortunate to be graced by the presence of one of the finest--Donald Hamilton McLaughlin.

Douglas W. Fuerstenau Charles Meyer Karl S. Pister


Florence Clark Meredith, Home Economics: Santa Barbara

Professor Emerita

Florence Clark Meredith died on July 16, 1986 at a medical center near her home in Worland, Wyoming at the age of 95. She believed in and exercised that unique quality of doing for others as exemplified by her lifelong service to the University and the community.

Born on a farm near Elgin, Nebraska, on February 4, 1981, she learned early of the rigors of rural living. Her grandparents, with whom she lived for a few years, resided in a sod house (unique for being the only two-story sod house in the area), and she rode a pony the one and a half miles to school. Her high school training was at Gates Academy, a boarding school in the town of Neligh, Nebraska.

After graduating in 1913 from Pomona College in Claremont, California with a bachelor of arts degree in history, she continued her education, receiving her teaching credential from the former Santa Barbara State Normal School of Manual Arts and Home Economics. She did her student teaching under the late Miss Pearl Chase, who, even then, was very active in Santa Barbara civic affairs. This relationship blossomed into a career-long association in continuing community service.

In the fall of 1914 Mrs. Meredith accepted the position of teacher of Home Economics in Claremont High School, Claremont, California. She continued in this position for eight years before attending Columbia University in New York. There she earned her master's degree in June, 1923.

She returned to Santa Barbara to teach home economics at the former Normal School which by then was known as Santa Barbara State College. In 1942 the College became a campus of the University of California. Meredith attained the rank of full professor at that time and was the chairman of the department from 1954 until retiring in 1956, when she became professor emeritus.

She had the distinction of being a student or teacher on three main campuses of what is now the University of California, Santa Barbara. Mrs.

Meredith moved to the Riviera Campus in 1913 as a student with her class of 39 women and 11 men from the original building located at the corner of Victoria and Chapala streets. The college remained on the Riviera until moving to its present location in 1954.

In keeping with her philosophy of service she was a busy and working member of many organizations and activities in the community: In 1936 Meredith was a founding member of the Altrusa Club of Santa Barbara which was the first city women's service club in Santa Barbara. She was a member of the ET Chapter of PEO Sisterhood, the American Home Economics Association, and the American Association of University Professors. In addition to being a volunteer with the Santa Barbara City Recreation Department, she was also a sponsor and legal advisor for student sororities and an honorary fraternity on campus. She served on many faculty and administrative committees and then, in World War II, added the duty of being an Army airplane spotter. She also worked with the late Miss Chase to develop the Santa Barbara Better Homes Program.

On December 22, 1945, she married Harlan Meredith. They had become acquainted when both were members of the Congregational Church choir. Friends remember Harlan and Florence as music lovers who faithfully attended performances on campus and in town, usually in front row seats in deference to Harlan's hearing. He died here in 1971.

Some time after his death she decided to move to Worland, Wyoming to be near her remaining family. In the fall of 1979 a former student, Vera Ricci, arranged with the University of California Alumni Association and the Special Collections Department of the UCSB Library to have Meredith record her personal history from 1914 to 1956 and to donate this oral history to the Special Collections Department.

In the fall of 1980 Meredith was honored at a banquet given by the UCSB Alumni Association. She was presented with the first Annual Pearl Chase Award. This is an award now being given each year to a person associated with the University and with at least 15 years of service to the local community. The $250 honorarium accompanying the award was donated by Meredith to the UCSB Student and Community Affairs Organization, which, in turn, presented the funds to the Tay Sach Foundation. This foundation tests for the disease (Tay Sachs) among descendants of eastern European Jews.

Colleagues remember Florence Meredith as tough-minded, friendly, and tolerant of the differences in opinion which characterized the earliest years of the transition from the State College system to the University of California. As a member of a wide range of organizations she tackled their problems judiciously with successful determination.

Mrs. Meredith was a dedicated teacher who gave 33 years of service to

the University and more than 50 years of service to the Santa Barbara community. She stands tall in the pioneer group of noted teachers from that era.

Elmer Noble Gladys Van Fossen Lucille A. Woolsey


Edwin Seth Morby, Spanish and Portuguese: Berkeley

Professor of Spanish, Emeritus

Edwin Morby, who died on April 30, 1985, enjoyed an international reputation as a distinguished scholar of Spanish Golden Age literature; an elegant and firm stylist in two languages, he was the very model of the scholarly gentleman, revered by his students and beloved of his colleagues. He produced a body of work of outstanding value to this and future generations of Hispanists and specialists in the European Renaissance.

Edwin was born April 18, 1909, in San Francisco. After graduating from Mission High School in 1926, he began his undergraduate studies in Berkeley, in the Fall of 1927, thus initiating one of the most truly “Berkeley” academic careers on record. He received his baccalaureate degree in 1931, went on to earn a master of arts in 1933, and his doctorate in 1936, all on the UCB campus and always devoted to the language and literature of Spain and Spanish America. He joined the Berkeley faculty in the same year as becoming Doctor of Philosophy, was appointed assistant professor in 1942, promoted to associate professor in 1948, to full professor in 1954; after becoming professor emeritus in 1975, he was recalled to service in 1978. Consequently, Edwin actively served, as student, teacher and scholar, almost exactly a half century at his alma mater.

A significant interruption in this life of teaching and research came as for all people during the Second World War: Edwin served as vice-consul in Sweden and carried out missions for the Office of Strategic Services. Of Swedish extraction, Edwin maintained a life-long interest in things Swedish, an inclination put to good use by a nation at war.

Edwin's academic honors included Guggenheim fellowships in 1950 and 1965, as well as a Senior Faculty Fellowship in 1967. He became a regular, or titulary, member of the Hispanic Society of America in 1971 and, in 1975, on the occasion of his retirement, was awarded the Berkeley Citation. It is worth mentioning in this context that when he became chairman of the Department of Spanish and Portuguese in the years 1961 to 1964, he presided over a group of scholars and teachers that by common assent constituted the outstanding department of its kind in the country.


Edwin's publications, like his student-faculty career at Berkeley, span nearly a half century, from his first article in 1936 to his superb edition of Lope de Vega's Arcadia in 1975. The central focus of his research remained throughout the combined verse and prose romances of the great Golden Age dramatist, and there is little doubt that Edwin's monumental critical edition of Lope's La Dorotea is his chief contribution, a genuine monumentum aere perennius, destined to remain a model of critical acumen, humanistic erudition, and sheer unflagging industry for years to come.

In addition to his primary specialization, Edwin possessed a wide range of interests, including early, that is Hispanic, Californiana, embodied in two translations published in the forties, San Francisco in the Seventies, a portion of Guillermo Prieto's Viaje a los Estados Unidos, and California Adventure, in collaboration with Arturo Torres-Rioseco, a version of Vicente Perez Rosales' Recuerdos del pasado. His shorter pieces take up the Argentine novel Don Segundo Sombra, the late 19th- and early 20th-century Spanish dramatist Joaquin Dicenta, and William Dean Howell's fascination with Spain and things Spanish. His war time service in Sweden lies behind the article “Garcia Lorca in Sweden,” with its insightful analysis of poetic diction in the Swedish translation of Bodas de sangre.

However numerous were Edwin's forays into the Renaissance literature of Spain and Europe, as his career advanced, he devoted a constantly greater share of his efforts to the elucidation of his chosen master-work, La Dorotea. His edition first appeared in 1958 and was reviewed in over 20 journals. The most apt characterization of this great effort we know of did not appear in print, but was penned by a senior colleague, himself one of the 20th century's greatest students of the Spanish Golden Age: “Quietly, with the voluptuous enjoyment of a great humanist, he studies with immense love the texts that he sets himself the task of elucidating. He illuminates them in such a manner that his superb edition of La Dorotea...has clarified in its meaning and its implications every nook and cranny of Lope's masterpiece. This labor of many years is the best fruit of humanistic erudition that I know; it is at the level of the very best of any time; it transcends the ancillary purpose for which it was intended by having become an immense repository of useful knowledge for all those who study the Spanish seventeenth century.”

Not content with the laurels so deservedly gained by his edition of La Dorotea, Edwin proceeded to prepare and bring out Lope's Arcadia, accompanied by another series of preparatory and explanatory articles, some of monographic proportions. All of his characteristic erudition, care, critical insight and enormous effort are also evident in this final project. Overall, Edwin's life-long efforts transformed the whole basis for study of one of Spain's greatest literary figures.


Edwin is survived by his wife Elizabeth, and his son John. His friendliness, good humor, modesty, and warm concern for all his associates are sorely missed.

Woodrow Borah Jerry R. Craddock Luis Monguio


Brooke Neilson, Literature: San Diego

Assistant Professor

The death of Brooke Neilson on March 13, 1986, in San Diego, brought an end to a life devoted to analyzing the development of writing abilities and to teaching. Her students, especially her graduate students, found her to be an inspiring and friendly teacher, always there to lend a hand. Her friends, neighbors, family, and colleagues have lost an exceptional person whose life was full of intellectual curiosity and, though sometimes painful, was vital and committed to social justice.

Brooke was born September 19, 1949, in New York City. She attended Piedmont High School in Oakland and received her B.A. from UC Berkeley in 1970. Between 1970-72 she worked as a secondary school teacher in the San Diego County schools. In 1972 she began her graduate studies at UCSD in the Linguistics Department and obtained her M.A. in 1974. In the course of her graduate studies, she served as a T.A. in Phonetics, as a Research Assistant in Speech Perception, and as a Language Assistant in Spanish for the Language Program. During this period she also began working as an instructor of English as a Second Language at Mesa College and later was the coordinator of English as a Foreign Language in Warren College. In 1976 she began teaching in the Warren College Writing Program. In 1979 when she was already coordinator of the program, she completed her Ph.D. in the UCSD Linguistics Department.

Despite her short life, Brooke did many things. As coordinator of the Warren College Writing Program she trained and supervised the teaching assistants assigned to the program and developed as well a writing program for non-native students. Aside from her ground-breaking dissertation, Writing as a Second Language: Psycholinguistic Processes in Composition , Brooke also wrote a number of papers which were presented at annual meetings of the Conference on College Composition and Communication and collaborated in the writing of four other papers.

With C. Bergman, she worked on “Palatalization in Barrow Eskimo.” With T. Smith and A. Thistle she wrote “Asymmetries in Auditory Evoked”

“Potentials to Speech Stimuli” . With J. Rogers and A. Thistle she collaborated on “Language Processing: Parallels between Visual and Auditory Mechanisms” , and with M. Holzman she worked on “A Computer-Assisted Study of Student Compositions” .

Two of her last conference papers, “The Politics of Remediation” , presented in 1982 at the San Francisco Conference on College Composition and Communication, and “Register, Coherence and Presupposition” , which was to have been presented at a College Composition and Communication Conference in 1984, evidenced a new direction in compositional theory. In these two papers she attempted to deal with writing, not only as a separate register, but as a distinct code with its own constraints and pre-suppositions. This notion of “writing” as a separate grammar with its own archaeology or encyclopedic-knowledge foundation had numerous implications at the level of writing program implementation, for Brooke saw that “remediation” was often conceived in terms of surface problems of coherence and mechanics which did not address the underlying cognitive skills which students need to develop in order to frame an argument. Coherence, she said, needed to be seen as a function of register. Thus, incoherence could be seen to result from the absence of cognitive transitions and traces in the text. Had she lived longer, Brooke might have revolutionized the entire notion of “remedial teaching.”

Her approach to remediation was a further development of the theory she had proposed in her dissertation. There she had postulated that formal writing is not simply another function of language but a second dialect or register. Her proposals were based on research conducted with a group of college freshmen, who were middle class speakers of standard English. Yet Brooke found that their writing showed clear evidence of problems attributed to “remedial” writers. It was this finding that led her later to propose a cognitive approach to the study and teaching of writing.

Brooke was also very interested in creative writing. She served for several years as a consultant to the literary magazine Roadwork and wrote a few pieces herself which express the mood and fears of university students protesting the Vietnam War at UC Berkeley, which address her friend, the award-winning photographer John Hoagland, killed in El Salvador, and which recount a train trip from Albuquerque to Los Angeles. Brooke cared about a lot of things: McCarthyism, Vietnam, women's rights, Central America, the sanctuary movement, literacy and writing.

She was married to Richard Astle, a San Diego free-lance writer and computer programmer.

Hers was a brilliant mind which never quite had enough time to bloom as it might have. She would have been 37 last fall.

Charles Cooper Rosaura Sanchez Barbara Tomlinson


Melville Bernard Nimmer, Law: Los Angeles


Among the tributes to UCLA Law School Professor Melville Bernard Nimmer that were published shortly after his death at the age of 62, one, entitled “In Memory of Melville B. Nimmer,” consisted of comments by 10 lawyers and law professors who had known or had some professional involvement with him. Several of those comments capture the essence of Melville Nimmer, the scholar: “Surely the law of copyright is synonymous with the name of Melville Nimmer....”; “Mel Nimmer's writings on copyright... have been cited by the judiciary at large as the most reliable authority on almost any phase of the subject”; “His work was an inspiration to me and to numerous teachers and scholars who were interested in the field of intellectual property law”; “[His] study of [the first amendment] will continue to enhance the weaponry to be used in our constant battle to preserve free expression”; “It was Mel who pioneered the exploration of the near-cosmic conflict for the... `interface' between copyright and the first amendment”; “Nimmer's work will continue to inspire and guide all... who seek to approach any area of the law with the passion and quest for understanding that Mel Nimmer obviously possessed and demonstrated throughout his career.”

Other comments described his qualities as a teacher and human being. “Mel's longest reach will be through the generations of students whom he touched with the qualities of his mind and who, through their own careers in practice and academe, will perpetuate those qualities, shaping future decisions and the lives of future lawyers”; “He achieved so much in his profession as a scholar, as a teacher, as a practitioner, and as a writer. He achieved so much as a person--as a husband, as a father, and as a friend”; “Mel Nimmer was an outstanding person. He was also, and will always be, a distinguished legal institution.”

Mel Nimmer was a native of Los Angeles, who started his undergraduate career at UCLA, but after it was interrupted by service in the United States

Army, obtained his B.A. at UC Berkeley in 1947. After graduation from Harvard Law School in 1950, he returned to Los Angeles, where his law practice centered on the entertainment industry. While still a practitioner, he undertook and substantially completed what became his world-renowned Treatise on Copyright, itself a prodigious task, and doubly so, given the requirements of a busy practice, and his decision to do the entire work by himself, without the use of research assistants.

He joined the UCLA law faculty in 1962. His scholarly accomplishments were truly monumental. His four-volume Treatise on Copyright is the definitive text; it is relied upon by all whose activities take them into the world of publication--authors, producers, lawyers, professors and all levels of the judiciary, up to and including the Supreme Court of the United States. His seminal work in the fields of intellectual property and right of publicity determined the course of development of those areas of the law.

Nor were his contributions limited to the scholarly arena. He served as an adviser to the U.S. and foreign governments and to United Nations agencies in his chosen areas of specialization. Indeed, he lectured in practically every part of the globe on these topics, and shortly before his death had undertaken to write a book on world copyright.

A devoted defender of civil rights and civil liberties, he became intrigued with the relationship between copyright law and the First Amendment. His Treatise on the Theory of the First Amendment, published shortly before his death, is a powerful interpretation of that cornerstone of our democracy.

He left his mark on the law in other ways. He was a consummate legal advocate, and successfully argued a number of landmark free speech and intellectual property cases in the Supreme Court of the United States, the Supreme Court of California, and other appellate courts.

His teaching, like his scholarship, was grounded in both theory and reality, and his copyright casebook evidenced the same quality. Students interested in copyright and entertainment law applied to the UCLA Law School because Mel Nimmer was on its faculty, and their expectations were more than satisfied. He mixed his intelligence and authoritative knowledge of the law with an affability and humor that students thoroughly appreciated.

Despite the many other demands upon his time and energy, he was a stalwart citizen of the University, providing, in addition to the usual range of committee activities, special assistance in matters of faculty concern in the areas of copyright and intellectual property.

A warm and extraordinarily decent, gentle human being, always concerned for his fellow humans, he was appreciated and beloved in the many circles in which he moved: by his academic colleagues, the members of the practicing Bar, a vast range of friends, and by his loving family.


Mel Nimmer is survived by his wife Gloria, his children, Laurence, David, and Rebecca, and five grandchildren. They and we cherish his memory. He was a very special human being.

Norman Abrams William Alford Kenneth L. Karst Murray L. Schwartz


Ernst A. Noltmann, Biochemistry: Riverside

Divisional Dean and Director of the Program in Biomedical Sciences

Ernst August Noltmann was born on June 27, 1931 in Gotha, Germany. Ernst's lifelong dedication was to the basic aspects of medical sciences and in particular the biochemistry and enzymology of the glycolytic pathway, where he focused on the enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase. For his university studies, Ernst graduated from the Oberschule in Versmold in 1950 with a degree of “abitur” and then attended in 1950-53 the University of Münster where he received the degree “physikum” for his major in premedical sciences. Next he attended first the University of Freiburg (1953-54) and then the University of Düsseldorf (1954-56) from which he received his M.D. degree.

Early in his university life, Ernst gravitated towards basic biomedical research. This led him in 1956-59 to affiliation with the laboratory of H.F. Bruns in the Institute of Physiological Chemistry at Dusseldorf and here he published a series of papers on phosphoglucomutase, phosphomannose-isomerase, as well as phosphoglucose isomerase. In 1959, Ernst emigrated to the U.S. and joined the Enzyme Institute at the University of Wisconsin where he initiated a three-year collaboration with Stephen A. Kuby. Here he honed his skills in basic enzymology, focusing on glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, ATP-AMP-transphosphorylase (myokinase), and ATP-creatine-transphosphorylase (creatine kinase).

In 1962 Ernst Noltmann affiliated with the new Department of Biochemistry on the Riverside campus of the University of California and started his professorial career. He rose through the ranks quickly and was named professor of biochemistry in 1969. Noltmann also served as acting chairman of the Department of Biochemistry in 1971-72 and as departmental chairman in 1975-76. In 1971 Ernst and his wife became American citizens.

His research career at UCR was largely dedicated to the biochemical and physical characterization of a key enzyme in glycolysis, phosphoglucose

isomerase as well as its compatriot phosphomannose isomerase. He and his students and postdoctoral researchers isolated, purified, and crystallized three isoenzymes of phosphoglucoisomerase and determined the number of sulfhydryl groups, the effect of pH and temperature on their kinetic parameters, and proposed a molecular mechanism for the catalytic event. In his later career he and his students discovered a unique form of carbonic anhydrase that is present in muscle. A uniform tenet of his approach to science was rigor and precision. This was a philosophy that he instilled in the 12 Ph.D. students and 10 postdoctorals affiliated with his laboratory.

Beginning in 1972, Noltmann made an invaluable additional contribution to the Riverside campus; at the time he accepted a position of leadership in the development of the UCR/UCLA Program in Biomedical Sciences. This program was formally initiated in 1974. The program is an accelerated track for the acquisition of the combined B.S. degree with a major in biomedical sciences from UC Riverside and the M.D. degree from UCLA in a seven-year period of time. This innovative Program in Biomedical Sciences has played an immeasurable role on the Riverside campus both in terms of the addition to the UCR faculty ranks of a dedicated core of 15 faculty members who focus on the complete spectrum of research interests in the biomedical sciences as well as the recruitment of superior students to the program. From 1974 to 1985, 128 students who began in the program as freshman undergraduates at UC Riverside graduated with the M.D. degree from the UCLA School of Medicine. In 1985 Professor Noltmann was honored on the 10th anniversary of the UCR/UCLA Biomedical Sciences Program as the Founding director with the citation “you have provided the leadership which has helped the Program achieve national recognition, in 10 short years, for its contribution to medical sciences education. UCR will be forever in your debt.” Certainly the scientific community of biomedical scientists on the Riverside campus will be forever indebted to Ernst's dedication to excellence and thoroughness of medical education.

Dr. Noltmann was a kind, unselfish and most responsible member of the complete University community extending from the Department of Biochemistry, the Division of Biomedical Sciences, through his other administrative responsibilities on the Riverside and UCLA campuses. He had the utmost concern for detail, organization and thoughtfulness. During the last five years of his life he had the additional burden of dealing with his personal health problems. Although it is clear in retrospect that this was a very disruptive interval--he did not let his personal problems interfere with his true love of the pursuit of science, the encouragement and training of young scientists and leadership of the Division of

Biomedical Sciences. Ernst is survived by his wife Lisel and their two sons, Ingo and Udo.

A.W. Norman R.A. Luben L.M. Shannon R.T. Wedding


William D. Nunn, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry: Irvine


William D. Nunn was born in Far Rockaway, New York, on April 13, 1943. He obtained his B.S. in physical science at Colorado State University in 1965 and his Ph.D. in biochemistry at the City University of New York in 1972. He spent three postdoctoral years at Yale University, came to Irvine in 1975 as an assistant professor in the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, and became full professor in 1984. He was 43 years old when he died at home of a sudden, severe heart attack on July 1, 1986.

Throughout his career, Dr. Nunn studied the metabolism of lipids and the behavior of biological membranes. His best-known studies concern fatty acid degradation in the bacterium Escherichia coli. In his early efforts, he attempted to correlate fatty acid synthesis and degradation with membrane formation and cell growth. Dissatisfied that these studies did not uncover specific causal relationships, he turned to the regulation of enzymes that degrade fatty acids. One contribution was his full characterization of a gene, fadR, which is required for the proper regulation of these enzymes. He and his students defined the action of the gene product and showed that it was required for integrating fatty acid degradation with many other metabolic activities.

His other major scholarly contribution was the analysis of fatty acid transport into the bacterial cell. He discovered the fadL gene, which controls the entry of long-chain fatty acids. He then isolated the gene's product, and demonstrated that the protein was localized in the outer bacterial cell membrane. This study significantly advanced knowledge of fatty acid transport in all living organisms, previously thought to be independent of carrier molecules. The work on the two genes, embodied in about 45 publications on fatty acid metabolism, will be permanent evidence of Nunn's seminal impact on his field. During his brief career, he trained four doctoral and five postdoctoral students, several of whom are faculty members in major institutions.


Bill's scientific progress was remarkable in that he began as a conventional, though very able, biochemist. He became a versatile bacterial geneticist by intense reading and by encouraging his students to try genetic techniques. He learned transport techniques readily, and by the time of his death, he had mastered contemporary recombinant DNA methodology. These examples illustrate Bill's pursuit of a problem at many levels, and with all techniques he thought necessary, regardless of his prior expertise. He was never troubled by the unexpected; he sought it by following unconventional thoughts in rigorous ways. He was also a demanding teacher, both in undergraduate courses and as a graduate advisor, and inspired students to reach the limits of their potential. Bill was not satisfied until his students' efforts equalled those he would have made in their place.

Bill was a visible figure in the American scientific community as a member of two National Institutes of Health Study Sections, Biochemistry (1979-1983) and Microbial Physiology and Genetics (1984 to his death), and as an appointed member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, the most prestigious journal of his field.

Another role--exercised within and outside the University--was Bill's work for the advancement of black students and scientists. He was a black scientist of early and high accomplishments, and was sought throughout his career as an advisor to others. He selflessly accepted this role, and performed it intensely. At Irvine, he was a model and informal advisor for many black biological sciences students. He offered several a place in his laboratory from which they went on to medical or graduate school. In his last years, with Rick Turner and Christine Moseley, he organized the UCI Saturday Academy for minority children in grades 3 through 8, and became a key member of the Black Faculty and Staff Association, seeing to the welfare and advancement of minority students, staff and faculty. His death is a great loss to these programs.

Bill was also deeply involved in minority affairs nationally. He was a member of the Minority Biomedical Sciences Research Program, which brought together promising minority students from all over the country to make scientific presentations which Bill judged for awards. He was an ad hoc reviewer for the National Science Foundation for its Research Initiatives in Minority Institutions program. Finally, he was a committee member of the National Institutes of Health Research Centers at Minority Institutions program. All of these activities were done at a substantial personal cost, but without fanfare. Together, they signify his national recognition as an effective representative of the interests of minorities. Just before he died, he was invited to become a charter member of the newly organized E. E. Just Society for the Advancement of Biological Sciences, named after a prominent black embryologist of the early years of this century.

Nunn's honors include a National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, an Established Investigatorship of the American Heart Association

(1978-1983), and the Rosser-Rivera Distinguished Lectureship in Biological Chemistry from UC Riverside.

As a friend and colleague in the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Bill had great warmth, humor and discernment. He impressed us by how seriously he took his academic responsibilities. He would serve on any committee and render judgments universally valued for their independence. He was often the only one who would raise important but uncomfortable issues, and who would be completely frank in his evaluations of recruits, colleagues and graduate students. At times he was troubled by dark moods emerging from feelings that he was accomplishing too little, or from differences with friends. These moods passed, and he would again see enormous humor and opportunity in the life around him. His characteristic laughter echoes in the halls of Steinhaus Hall even now.

In sum, Bill Nunn will be remembered as an inspiring colleague, a distinguished scientist and teacher, and a driven, effective exponent of the interests of minorities. He is and will continue to be missed by the many communities of which he was a part. He leaves his wife, Geraldine, and two children, Adrienne and William Byron.

Rowland H. Davis Barbara A. Hamkalo Thomas E. Johnson


Martin P. Oettinger, Economics: Davis

Senior Lecturer

Martin Oettinger was born in Hamburg, Germany, on October 15, 1929. At the age of four his family migrated to The Netherlands to escape Nazi anti-semitism. When the Third Reich expanded through the low countries, the Oettinger family succeeded in avoiding arrest until the late months of World War II, when they were imprisoned in Bergen-Belsen.

They were fortunate enough to survive until the liberation of Europe, and then promptly migrated to the United States, where Martin completed his secondary education. He received his bachelor's degree, cum laude in business administration from Bernard Baruch College, City University of New York in 1952, and an MA in economics from Brown University in 1956. Four years later, he received his Ph.D. degree in economics from Harvard University.

After serving for one year as an instructor on the teaching staff at Harvard, he came to the University of California, Davis as an assistant professor in academic year 1961-62. Throughout his teaching career at Davis he offered courses in two of the most challenging teaching areas, namely, introduction to accounting and principles of economics. He is all but unique among teachers of these two courses in that he established a lasting reputation as a master teacher, based upon his thorough preparation and meticulously ordered lectures. Since Martin's death many unsolicited letters have been received from former students expressing not only their admiration for Martin as a classroom teacher but also their gratitude for the sincere effort he made to provide academic, personal and career advice, to his hundreds of undergraduate advisees.

Labor economics was Martin Oettinger's area of research and professional expertise. His publications dealt primarily with patterns of labor relations in the United States and The Netherlands, and with issues related to income policies in those two countries. He also served regularly as a consultant and expert witness in court cases involving labor issues.

Martin's record of University and public service was extraordinary. Less than 10 years after coming to Davis, he was elected to the chairmanship

of the faculty of the College of Letters and Science and chair of the Executive Committee of that college. He subsequently served for five years as associate dean of the Graduate Division. He devoted much time and energy to the American Association of University Professors, and to the faculty welfare issues that concerned that organization. Martin served the City of Davis on its Personnel Committee from 1966-74, the last two years as chairman, and was chief author of the city's affirmative action ordinance.

In 1983, Martin learned that he had cancer of the thyroid, and, although he found it increasingly difficult to speak, he devised means of continuing to communicate effectively with classes and was able to teach consistently until early 1986. He died on April 15, 1986. The tenacity and courage he displayed during this late period of trial were a source of deep admiration on the part of all his colleagues and students. We have lost an admired and beloved academic fellow and friend.

A. G. Marr S. M. Sheffrin J. B. Glassburner


Richard O'Hanlon, Art: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

O'Hanlon's sculpture was an integral part of his entire lifestyle. In addition to his work, his home and studio in Mill Valley was always filled with beautiful objects: sculpture, drawings, paintings, photos, sea shells, fossils, dried plants, old tools, rock specimens, crystals, elegant machinery and parts of machinery, gears, butterflies, old bottles, and many other unexpected visual delights.

He was an avid gardener and his garden together with his simple, attractive buildings, their contents, his sculpture, and the work of other artists were all orchestrated into a single magnificent work of art. Even the waste trimmings of various stones he found in rock quarries around the world were treated as works of art and carefully arranged throughout his whole habitat. Occasionally, they even became part of his own sculpture.

His wife Ann, who was also an artist, shared the creation of this world from the very beginning many years ago. He and Ann were great travelers and were able to make the most remote places seem desirable. Annoyances were overcome by enthusiasm for the aesthetic offerings. His account of trips from Europe to India and, most recently, China, displayed more than expansive good-natured fervor. What was revealed was an individual who could absorb accurately and in minute detail the important values to which he was exposed. Travel for Dick, with his wife Ann, was a pursuit for the essential qualities that each place had to offer and which their extraordinary discernment was able to grasp, and in turn, percolate and filter to their respective students, to the student's good. If Dick and Ann seemed to know almost everybody anywhere, it might be attributed to their way of relating the creative expression of many cultures.

His colleague of many years, Jacques Schnier, writes:

“My first meeting with Richard O'Hanlon was in the early 1930s at a party given by his graduating class from the California School of Fine Arts (now the San Francisco Art Institute). The invitation from these young

artists to be their guest of honor at their coming out celebration touched me deeply.

“During the next few years O'Hanlon was a frequent visitor to my studio. Usually he came unannounced to show me a new sculpture he had just completed. Most of these were carved in wood and were of birds or animals. These were the subjects in which he immersed himself during his early career. The works were masterfully executed with nature. I still retain strong memories of his youthful excitement when showing these new works.”

After World War II the heavy influx of students under the G.I. Bill resulted in an unexpected increase in enrollment in our sculpture classes. This necessitated an addition to our teaching staff. So, in the fall of 1947, O'Hanlon was invited to join the faculty.

As a teacher, O'Hanlon was enthusiastic, thorough, and patient. His all-consuming devotion to sculpture inspired the respect of his students. He was generous with his time and did not begrudge the extra hours spent in helping aspiring young sculptors. His extensive travels, during which he became acquainted with leading international sculptors and their work, kept him up to date with new developments worldwide. His students profited from his knowledge.

O'Hanlon was commissioned to design the medal to accompany the Clark Kerr Award when the award was established and funded by members of the Academic Senate in March 1967. The first recipient was President Emeritus Clark Kerr; the first issue was struck in gold. Many notable educators have followed in these prestigious footsteps who met the criteria of the award, “to be presented to [those individuals who are] considered to have made an extraordinary and distinguished contribution to the advancement of higher education.”

Shortly before O'Hanlon retired, he started working with David Cudaback in the UC Berkeley Astronomy Department. That originated at their first meeting at The Faculty Club. Within minutes O'Hanlon started asking questions about the position of the sun and by the end of the lunch, they were friends and collaborators. “Out of that union there came three”: Sunstones I (ca 1973), Stele Meridiana (ca 1975), and Sunstones II (1979). These are monumental, outdoor granite sculptures which cast shadows, pass beams of light, or direct lines of sight in sculpturally evocative but astronomically concise ways. They freeze in stone the sun's position at significant times. They are, or will be, installed permanently at the California Academy of Science in San Francisco, UC Berkeley's Mining Circle, and Lawrence Hall of Science, respectively. O'Hanlon's use of light on granite made him the Ansel Adams of sculpture.


O'Hanlon retired from the Art Department at the University of California in Berkeley in 1974. He died on June 25, 1985 in Mill Valley.

David D. Cudaback Sidney Gordin John Haley Karl Kasten Philip Morsberger Jacques Schnier


John W. Olmsted, History: Riverside

Professor Emeritus

John W. Olmsted will be long remembered as a founding father of the Riverside campus, a man with a special dream that higher education must be built upon a personal and universal involvement in the traditions of the culture. His philosophy of education was developed during his year at Oxford University, was tested during his tenure as assistant to Dean Gordon Watkins of the College of Letters and Science at UCLA, and was most fully realized when Provost Gordon Watkins brought him to the new Riverside campus as the first chairman of the Humanities Division. Here he assembled a remarkable faculty that included distinguished scholars like Philip Wheelwright in philosophy and future notables like Jean Boggs, now director of the Canadian National Gallery of Art. Olmsted meanwhile led the humanities into a variety of interdisciplinary approaches, core courses, and seminar-type instruction beginning with freshmen. Much of the “old UCR” was his inspiration.

Jack Olmsted was Denver born, but moved early to southern California where he attended Los Angeles Polytechnic and Alhambra high schools. On the death of his father, Jack was sponsored by L. L. Nunn, the hydroelectric engineer, for his last two preparatory years at the Deep Springs School in eastern California. He then enrolled at the old Vermont campus of the University of California at Los Angeles in 1920. In his junior year he transferred to Berkeley where he received his bachelor's degree in engineering and geology in 1925. He had already proved himself gifted in many areas, playing varsity tennis and reading widely, activities which influenced him in rejecting a job as geologist for Union Oil Company and accepting instead a Rhodes Scholarship to study at Oxford University. In England he continued his tennis, played at Wimbledon in 1926, and captained the university team that defeated Cambridge in 1928. Often in later years he told stories of tennis greats with whom he had rubbed elbows, like Bill Tilden, Helen Wills Moody, and Alice Marble. More important, however, was his developing love for the discipline of history, and he consequently

received from Oxford the degrees of bachelor of arts and master of arts in modern history in 1928 and 1931. Following his new interest and combining it with his earlier one in the sciences, he eventually worked toward his doctorate at Cornell University, receiving his Ph.D. there in 1944.

Meanwhile he had accepted an associateship in history at UCLA from which he rose through the various ranks to the full professorship in 1951. After he moved to the new Riverside campus in 1953, he served as chairman of the Humanities Division until 1961 and professor of history until his retirement in 1970.

As a teacher Olmsted was characterized by careful attention to individual students, discussing at length performance in each examination and every paper. He master-minded the interdisciplinary humanities requirement, developed the course in historiography for the department, and was tirelessly devoted to the idea and practice of the senior thesis for all students, as well as to broad, interdisciplinary comprehensive examinations at the senior level.

Jack Olmsted's historical writings centered around the seventeeth-century scientific revolution in France. In two seminal articles in Isis, the leading journal in the history of science, he described an expedition of Jean Richer to Cayenne and the introduction of telescopes as astronomical instruments. He later published an additional evaluation of Jean Richer in the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1960). His final work in this vein was a study of the scientific activities of the Abbe Picard, which is scheduled to appear posthumously in the Proceedings of the Academie Royale des Sciences.

The breadth of interest so characteristic of Olmsted may be illustrated in many ways. During much of his career he worked on committees in the operation of both Deep Springs School and the Telluride Association. His concern for the relationship between higher education and athletics was translated into his years of service as the UCLA faculty representative to the Pacific Coast Athletic Conference (1939-46), and as its president in his final year. He served for many years on the Pacific Coast Committee for the Humanities, helping institute its journal, The Spectator. His interest in the arts was reflected in his yeoman chairmanship of the committee on drama, lectures, and music at Riverside, attracting even in the formative days of that campus such luminaries as Lukas Foss, W. H. Auden, William Carlos Williams, and productions of Brecht and Moliere. Meanwhile his dedication to the highest levels of scholarship blossomed with his successful involvement in the establishment of a chapter of Phi Beta Kappa on the Riverside campus, achieved remarkably early in its life, only the third such chapter to be granted in the entire UC system. His was a tireless devotion to the highest ideals of the academic life.


John Olmsted's first wife, Ruby, is deceased. He is survived by his second wife, Elizabeth Ross; two sons, William and John; and four grandchildren.

F.M. Carney N. Ravitch L.M. Van Deusen R.V. Hine


Phillip A. Ostrand, Mathematics: Santa Barbara

Associate Professor

Phillip Ostrand was born in Chicago, Illinois, on November 2, 1936. He died of a heart attack in Santa Barbara, California, on February 10, 1985.

Phil came to the UCSB Mathematics Department in the fall of 1968 after serving for two years as a U.S. Army officer and research mathematician assigned to the National Security Agency. Prior to that he had taught for a year at Rosary College in River Forest, Illinois, after receiving his Ph.D. in Mathematics from Northwestern University and briefly teaching there in 1965. In his earlier academic career he had earned a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1959 and an M.A. in mathematics in 1962 from Northwestern. He was a 1954 graduate of Steinmetz High School in Chicago, Illinois.

Until he was weakened by a stroke in 1978, Phil was admired for his enormous energy and enthusiasm for a variety of projects. He was director of Summer Sessions, he had devised new courses, written papers in several areas of mathematics and taught a wide variety of courses at all levels. In each of these endeavors he seemed tireless. For example, when one of us was involved in a research project with him in the early 70s we had been working for several days on a particular aspect of a problem in C*-algebras, an entirely new area of research to Phil, and seemed to be up against a blank wall. When I left to go home for supper, he was standing in front of the board smoking the inevitable cigarette. When I returned a couple of hours later, he seemed not to have moved, but his mind had been in gear because he had found the key to the solution of our puzzle. We spent the rest of the night checking that it did indeed open the door. The resulting paper is still an object of attention a dozen years later.

Phil's main mathematical interests lay in dimension theory and the theory of graphs. His dissertation research produced a deep generalization of results of Kolmogorov and Arnold on the representation of a real-valued continuous function of several real variables by a superposition of continuous

functions of one variable. This generalization replaces the real variables by elements coming from finite dimensional compact metric spaces of possibly different dimensions. At the start of his research Phil had practically no knowledge of dimension theory, yet in less than a year he had completed his dissertation. Here he improvised, first producing his results using his own definition of dimension, then later showing that his definition is equivalent to the standard one. This work is a major contribution to dimension theory greatly admired by mathematicians working in the area.

Phil's later work in graph theory, represented by some nine papers altogether, showed his remarkable ability to shift to an entirely different area of mathematics conceptually and thereupon continue to produce fine mathematical research. Most of this work was done jointly with other mathematicians and bears further testimony to his agreeable, modest and professionally effective personal qualities. In addition to the above, Phil all too briefly carried out research in the combinatorial area of systems of distinct representatives where he made a significant advance over the enumerative lower bounds of Hall and Rado. This result continues to impress one of us who gives it special place in his main line graduate course in combinatorial mathematics.

After the period of convalescence from his stroke, and not fully recovered, Phil returned to his university duties, but it was not the same. With great difficulty he valiantly conducted his classes and began to resume his research. After a few years of steady improvement, we all had great hope that he would fully recover, but this was not to be.

Outside of the university Phil's interests included bridge, dogs and wood-working. He had considerable talent and enthusiasms in all three areas, the first two of which he shared with his wife, Mary.

Phil was a remarkable person. His departure leaves a considerable professional void in the Mathematics Department and a major personal void in the hearts and lives of his friends and colleagues.

Charles A. Akemann Ky Fan Eugene C. Johnsen


Edmund William Overstreet, Obstetrics and Gynecology: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

A third-generation native of San Francisco, Edmund “Ned” Overstreet died of cancer at the age of 74 years on January 21, 1983 at his home in San Diego.

Ned was the elder son of Dr. Harry Overstreet, author and psychologist, and the grandson of Ephraim Burr, mayor of San Francisco from 1856 to 1859.

After receiving his undergraduate degree from Yale University (B.A. 1930), he earned his M.D. degree from the Johns Hopkins University in 1935, staying at that institution's hospital for specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology with emphasis on obstetrics. He served his country as a flight surgeon during World War II, emerging as a lieutenant colonel.

Returning to San Francisco, he joined the faculty in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of California, San Francisco, under the chairmanship of Herbert F. Traut. He became vice-chairman of the department in 1958, a position he held until his retirement in 1971.

Although trained primarily in obstetrics, Ned Overstreet's medical interests led him into clinical research in the areas of infertility and endocrinology. The author of more than 40 scientific papers or chapters in textbooks of obstetrics and gynecology, his writing reflected his obsession with organization and lucidity. He was extremely erudite and his knowledge of the medical literature was encyclopedic. Often sought after for his editorial skills, he assisted many of his colleagues throughout the medical school and in the medical community at large in the preparation of manuscripts for publication. As a teacher of medical students, interns, residents and post-graduate physicians, Ned Overstreet was without peer. His presentations were masterpieces of organization and elocution. He was multilingual, fluent in French and German, and took great pride in presenting papers abroad in the language of the host country. And yet there was a puckish side to this seemingly austere personality, for frequently in relaxed or unguarded moments, he resorted to limericks and puns.


Many young aspiring obstetricians learned the proper management of high risk obstetrics in the Dystocia Clinic and the labor and delivery rooms from “Dr. O,” as he was affectionately called.

He was a superb clinician. His skills in the uses of the obstetrical forceps and in the performance of cesarean section were legendary. His compulsive nature served him well in gynecological surgery with its demands for precision, and he was one of the country's pioneers in the development of surgical techniques for tubal sterilization as well as for the relief of infertility. He was fond of designing surgical instruments, the well-known Overstreet forceps an example.

Long before it was popular, women's rights became a cause for Ned Overstreet. He was an eloquent and courageous champion of allowing women to choose contraception, abortion, and sterilization. With other concerned physicians in 1966, he helped organize the California Physicians for Therapeutic Abortion. He lobbied the California State Legislature vigorously and successfully for a repeal of the archaic California abortion law, earning the Margaret Sanger award for Outstanding Medical Leadership from the Planned Parenthood Association.

Ned Overstreet was an international figure in obstetrics and gynecology, belonging to a number of prestigious medical and specialty societies, including the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, The Pacific Coast Obstetrical and Gynecological Society, and the American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. He served as president of the San Francisco Gynecological Society, vice president of the Pan Pacific Surgical Association and as a member of the editorial boards of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the International Journal of Fertility, Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Overstreet always demanded excellence from his students, his colleagues, and above all, himself. He insisted on impeccable professional standards and conduct, ranging from proper dress to complete and detailed medical records, often stating that the quality of medical care was only as good as that reflected in the medical record. His manner was warm and friendly, always with a smile and an outstretched hand. He loved people, golf and music, and played the clarinet, guitar and electronic organ. His huge record collection ran the gamut from jazz to classical baroque.

After his retirement from academic medicine, he spent his time on editorial work and the pursuit of his hobbies, serving on the advisory board of the Athenaeum, the Music and Art Library of La Jolla, California.

Dr. Overstreet is survived by his wife, Jean, of San Diego, a daughter, Susan Liebes of Grant's Pass, Oregon, two sons, Martin Overstreet of Berkeley, California and Burr Overstreet of Fairfax, California and his brother, Robert Overstreet of Suisun, California.


A yearly memorial lecture and musicale, sponsored by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UCSF, commemorate this remarkable man. The world is a lesser place without him.

Edward C. Hill Alan J. Margolis


Harvey Milton Patt, Radiology; Physiology: San Francisco

Director, Laboratory of Radiobiology and Environmental Health

Harvey Patt died at the age of 64 on November 4, 1982, after a very short battle with a fulminating malignancy.

Harvey was one of the very small group of postwar scientists who understood the need for an interdisciplinary approach to gain an understanding of a physical modality, radiation, that cuts across all of the natural sciences. As such, in 1950, he was the executive secretary of the first comprehensive interdisciplinary forum on radiation research, the Oberlin Conference, which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--National Research Council's Subcommittee on Radiobiology, centered in the NAS-NRC's Division of Physical Sciences.

The spirit of the time, of the new atomic age, and of the group itself, with Harvey Patt in the forefront, led directly to the formation of the Radiation Research Society, the first of its kind in the world. From this initial period, Harvey was instrumental in the intellectual, numerical, and even financial growth of the field of radiobiology. His list of contributions is indeed extensive. He was the Radiation Research Society's first treasurer, its ninth president, a member of the editorial board of its journal, Radiation Research, and the executive secretary of that most felicitous radiation research meeting, the First International Congress of Radiation Research, held in Burlington, Vermont in 1958. He also was a member of the NAS-NRC's Subcommittee on Radiobiology during the years that that group instigated the development of the integrated multidisciplinary approach to radiobiology, whereby chemists, physicists, biologists, and medical scientists all brought their skills to bear on a problem in the life sciences. This is an approach that now, in the era of molecular biology, is a commonplace. Because of his insight, indefatigable approach to his commitments, and wisdom, he also was called upon to act in an advisory capacity to the federal government and, from 1962 to 1970, held the important post of

scientific secretary to the United States Atomic Energy Commission's Advisory Committee for Biology and Medicine.

Harvey was invited to the University of California, San Francisco, in 1964. He came at the beginning of the period during which UCSF was to develop into one of the world's premier life sciences institutions, and he was one of the initial group of eminent basic scientists who masterminded the steps that led to the preeminence of UCSF's basic science faculty. At UCSF, he became the director of the Laboratory of Radiobiology, an organized research unit, and was able to fulfill his dream of building a basic research institute of cell biology. As a scientist of vision, he planned a cell biology institute that would start with biophysical and physiological studies of the genetic material, DNA, and then proceed through chromosomes in which the DNA was organized, to whole cells and tissues, whose functions were dictated by this genetic material. His outline of a cell biology institute starting with studies of DNA, and then working on up through cytogenetics and physiology to development and immunology, is a format still used at UCSF.

Harvey Patt was the scientific administrator par excellence, who believed in recruiting the best colleagues he could and then giving them complete freedom to carry out their science as they would. He believed that the director's function was not to “direct” the research, but to facilitate his colleagues' abilities to carry it out. He aggressively promoted the advancement of his staff within the University and their recognition both nationally and internationally. As the reputation of his institution and of his colleagues grew, so did Harvey's reputation; and it could be seen that he had a genius for administration and was the best of laboratory directors.

It should be pointed out, however, that for this method of benign administration to be successful, first-rate colleagues must be attracted, and in a scientific institution that cannot be done by a nonscientist or an ordinary scientist. In order to attract the best people, the director himself has to be a first-rate scientist who commands the respect of his peers. This, of course, defined Harvey Patt. His early pioneering work in radiation protection afforded by sulfhydryl compounds was superb and forms the basis for chemoprotection studies still going on with active radical scavengers, such as cysteine, that can protect against X-ray damage. Harvey was wise enough to carry this work as far as it could reasonably be done and then to realize that, at the time, we didn't have the tools to carry it further. At that point he changed his research interest toward gaining a fundamental understanding of how cells grow and divide, and how normal, unirradiated bone marrow cells can be used to rescue lethally irradiated animals whose bone marrow has been killed and whose immune response has been knocked out--studies that have been exceedingly important in the clinical advances made in human bone marrow transplantation. Interestingly enough, an

example can be found of Harvey Patt's sagacity in choosing research areas by noting that, even today, long after he gave up research on radiation protection for his bone research, people who are interested in radioprotection are still using derivatives of cysteine, the molecule with which he began his research. It might also be added that many of the experiments being carried out today are highly reminiscent of those done by him in the early 1950s. His initial work on radioprotection, and his subsequent work on hematopoiesis, culminated in his winning the coveted and prestigious E. O. Lawrence Memorial Award from the United States Atomic Energy Commission.

Harvey Patt was a scientist's scientist, and all through the years, while running an ever more time-consuming institute, and contributing more and more time to the committee work involved in University governance, he continued to make important scientific contributions in cell cycle kinetics and tissue repopulation. His last fascinating find was that, when cultured fibroblasts from yellow bone marrow are implanted under the renal capsule, they will differentiate to give rise to stromal elements only, whereas fibroblasts from red marrow will give both stromal and parenchymal elements.

Harvey epitomized the very rare combination of a first-rate scientist, first-rate counselor, and first-rate administrator.

Sheldon Wolff


Russell L. Perry, Agricultural Engineering: Riverside

Professor Emeritus

On Tuesday evening, March 18, Russell Perry attended the public lecture on the Riverside campus to hear Donald Trelford, editor, The Observer of London, speak on press freedoms, while his wife, Helen, attended her scheduled meeting of the Outreach Committee of their church. Later, they shared their respective evenings over a cup of tea and relaxed with a few minutes of Scrabble before retiring. A typical evening in their lives of always learning and helping others. Russ did not wake up Wednesday morning for what would probably have been another of his model days.

He would probably have scanned the four study walls lined from floor to ceiling with a career's collection of agricultural and engineering books; files, objects and apparatus for teaching and demonstrating physical or mechanical principles such as solar angles or orange box fill patterns; and mechanical widgets and handcrafted memorabilia from appreciative recipients of his several foreign assignments and continuing consultations. He would have sorted the pending letters from former students and colleagues, meeting notices from the several professional societies with which he kept active, requests from unknown persons at improbable places, announcements of Department and Experiment Station events (at which his continuing appearance was always noted). Mid-morning, Russ would probably have driven up to the UCR campus for a number of constructive visits. He would stop at Soil and Environmental Science to keep the agricultural engineering perspective alive at this department which inherited the AE group in 1970. He might visit with any of the several plant scientists and biochemists with whom he cooperated on development of harvest and handling systems for citrus, dates, and avocados. It was certain he would stop to chat with the Extension ag engineer on energy and environmental concerns, reaffirming his desire to help reduce waste and pollution. He would often visit the department mechanical shop where engineered concepts to solve problems of southern California's unique agriculture took form under his leadership during the 1960s and 70s.


Cornerstones of Russell Perry's life were his liking for people and the personal good feeling of accomplishment. That was noted early by his fraternity brothers in the Alpha Gamma Rho house at University of Wisconsin. As a freshman he liked to run so he set a personal challenge to try out for, and complete, the cross-country event. And a runner he turned out to be! He won first place for U of W in Big Ten competition and ultimately was awarded several gold track awards. “First place” described not only his running but also his scholastic excellence from the time he started at Wisconsin in 1920 until completion in 1926. As a young man Russell loved the natural world and he was exceptional in mathematics. Further, he was intrigued by the on-coming mechanization of farming. Not surprising then, that he selected the University of Wisconsin with its strong programs in agriculture and mechanical engineering. He earned a BS in agriculture and then continued a graduate program in mechanical engineering to receive the professional ME.

His first job was as agricultural engineering instructor at the University of Oregon, Corvallis. In 1928 he accepted a position in the Agricultural Engineering Department at UC Davis in which his professional career was to flourish, and Davis was the community in which he planted his roots.

Russell's engineering interests were especially with heating, drying, refrigeration and ventilation. These subjects are very mathematical but Russ was not a person to bore a non-mathematician with the calculus. Instead, he had the ability to teach with simplified explanations and generous use of graphics. Dairy engineering by Professor Perry was a popular course at UC Davis for all dairy industry students and many ag engineers during the era of the 1930s and 1940s. Today, there are still creamery managers around California who remember Perry as one of the best teachers they ever had. He taught agricultural process engineering for many years at several campuses of the University and for three years at Gadjah Mata University, Indonesia where he also helped develop the Mechanical Engineering Department.

There was not, in Russell's judgment, a good text on agricultural process engineering for the kinds of real world situations that agricultural producers and advisors would confront in the post World War-II era. With colleague S. M. Henderson he co-authored the textbook Agricultural Process Engineering. It has had repeated printings and is now a standard text in the U.S. and in several other countries. Though Russ was modest in his acceptance of authorship recognition, he was inwardly pleased knowing he produced a text to extend practical and theoretical information that was especially useful in less developed countries.

Russell, by his research, extended knowledge important to many basic and applied areas in agriculture including cooling and storing milk on the farm, dehydration of fruits and vegetables, drying of nuts, grains and hops.

He assisted with the mechanization of citrus, avocados and dates, and was a leader in the field of greenhouse cooling. Many of his accomplishments were undocumented advice to colleagues and graduate students, always given willingly and effectively.

“Accomplishment” is the word that best describes Russell's life. Anything he started he would complete. Winning a cross-country race, helping boys advance from Tenderfoot to Eagle Scout during his tenure as scoutmaster in Davis, or receiving a citation from the mayor of Riverside for assisting foreign visitors was accomplishment. His book-sized trophy case of cross-country and scholastic fraternity membership medals was his personal reminder of those accomplishments. Russ was prone to give more engineering assistance than was usually expected. His favorite self-assessment for overdoing a request was comparison to the boy returning a book on Antarctica to the librarian. “Did you enjoy it?” “Well, it told me more about penguins than I really wanted to know.”

He was “Professor Perry” to hundreds of students over a span of nearly six decades at Corvallis, Davis. UCLA, Jogjakarta and Riverside; “Russ” to his many close colleagues and daily associates; “Russell” to a devoted wife and multitude of family acquaintances. His inquisitive mind was always looking for a better way to do things and his recall to the end could still name most students of his classroom years. He was a pioneer in food engineering. His absence is felt by we who were fortunate to have received some of his time.

William Fairbank Andrew Chang Homer Chapman Milton Henderson


Norris Watson Rakestraw, Chemistry: San Diego

Professor of Marine Chemistry

Norris Rakestraw was a pioneer in marine chemistry. He was a pioneer in chemical education. He was a gentle but effective administrator. But to his many friends, colleagues and students he was a textbook example of a “mensch.”

Norris was born in Toledo, Ohio and attended the Toledo High School. He received the B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. at Leland Stanford University. He gained his doctorate in 1921. He served as instructor in chemistry at Stanford University from 1919 to 1923 and in 1924-1925. In between these periods he served in the Chemical Warfare Service of the United States. He became assistant professor of chemistry at Oberlin College in 1925-1926 replacing one of the teaching giants of the period, Harry Holmes, who took over the department chair. In 1926 he became assistant professor at Brown University and was promoted to associate and full professor in the years 1932 and 1944 respectively. He joined the staff of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1946 as professor of chemistry. During World War II he was a wing commander of the Rhode Island Wing of the Civil Air Patrol.

His concerns about educational practices became evident very shortly after his arrival at Brown University. He wrote to A. D. Mead, then Vice President of the Institution, in November 1927 the following: “Apropos your question of making our faculty meetings more general and less legislative, a few thoughts have occurred to me subsequently. It has always seemed to me that too little encouragement is given to the young instructor and the budding professor to interest himself actively in the main business in which he is engaged. When a young man goes into the banking profession, for example, he is importuned even by the correspondence school advertisement to study finance and the organization of the commercial world. But it is not taken for granted that the young college professor will study the problems of higher education, the profession in which he is engaged. Rather he is expected, in general, to keep his eyes firmly glued on the bit

of scholastic piece-work which he is turning out for the industry. In fact, his efforts to broaden his academic viewpoints are often positively discounted and he is frequently penalized for raising his nose from his department grindstone.”

Perhaps this mood provided the springboard for his accepting the editorship of the Journal of Chemical Education in 1940 following a tenure as secretary of the Division of Chemical Education of the American Chemical Society from 1932 to 1939 and as assistant editor from 1939 to 1940. He raised the impoverished and in-debt publication to an influential and successful force in the teaching of college chemistry. The warm and dedicated ways of Norris brought some of the most distinguished chemists to contribute to his journal. Upon his retirement from the editorship in 1955 he wrote for his successor a challenge and a responsibility--an editor has a desire to conserve safely the gains of the past and has an optimism to think that perhaps a good thing can be made better.

Norris was instrumental in the development and activities of the New England Association of Chemistry Teachers, an organization in which he served as chair. Later he was an organizer of the Pacific Southwest Association of Chemistry Teachers for which he served as president.

In 1956 he received the James Flack Norris award for outstanding achievement in the teaching of chemistry from the Northeastern Section of the American Chemical Society. The next year he received the Scientific Apparatus Makers Award in Chemical Education given by the American Chemical Society.

But there was another side to his life that was based on his affection for water. Perhaps it was related to his abilities as a swimmer and diver when he was at Stanford. He excelled in fancy diving. We suspect that his first entry to oceanography began in 1929-1930 when he was involved in a survey of the Gulf of Maine at the Mount Desert Biological Laboratory. But clearly his ties to marine science became irreversible when he served as a research associate at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 1931 to 1946. During the 1930s and early 1940s he was one of the pioneer marine chemists in the United States with counterparts Dr. Eric Moberg at the Scripps Institution for Oceanography and Tommy Thompson at the University of Washington. His researchs centered on the role of plant nutrients in the productivity of seawaters and in the degradation processes of organic materials. These pursuits were primarily carried out during the summers; during the rest of the year he was a professor at Brown.

In 1947 he left the east coast to assume a professorship at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He continued his biochemical researches but also branched out into several cutting edge areas of ocean chemistry: the oxygen isotopic composition of seawater components and the nature of the organic matter dissolved in seawater.


Norris enjoyed going to sea. His accomplishments as a laboratory glass-blower were challenged by the construction and repair of apparatus on rolling ships. This brought him great satisfaction and provided unusual amusement for his scientific associates.

Following his retirement as professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and then as dean of graduate studies at the University of California at San Diego, Norris went to the London Branch of the Office of Naval Research where he reported on the European scientific scene. His writings were substantial and clear, perhaps reflecting his many years as an editor of the Journal of Chemical Education. This period between 1965 and 1966 witnessed the development of another aspect of his life: that of an acute observer of the English scene. He wrote a number of short essays on subjects that touched his sensibilities. For example, he noted in the ONR publication European Scientific Notes that “Africans come to be civilized at the London School of Economics while the younger British generation perform fertility dances on television to the wails of shaggy mained crooners.” Or “The typical London driver seems bent on the experiment to see whether the theory of relativity means what it says in suggesting that if one approaches a red light fast enough it will turn green.”

Noris spent his remaining years in retirement in Morongo Valley near Palm Springs, California with his wife Hazel, who was an artist noted for her fine landscapes of coastal and desert scenes. He is survived by two sons, Robert Rakestraw of Morongo Valley and Douglas Rakestraw, a teacher of languages in Holland.

Norris brought an air of civility and humor to his scholarly pursuits. Many of his students and associates inherited these moods from him. We suspect that Norris himself was not convinced that Mendelian genetics, as opposed to Lamarkian concepts, are dominant in shaping the character of man.

Joris M. Gieskes Edward D. Goldberg


Armin Rappaport, History: San Diego


Armin Rappaport came to the University of California, San Diego in 1967 as provost of the newly founded Third College and as professor of history after a long and distinguished career, first briefly at Stanford and then for nearly two decades at the University of California, Berkeley. At Berkeley he gained recognition not only as one of the foremost scholars in American diplomatic history but as a brilliant and gifted teacher. He was author and co-author of 12 books, among which were The British Press and Wilsonian Neutrality, The Navy League of the United States, Henry L. Stimson and Japan, and A Short History of American Diplomacy.

In addition to his research and teaching at Berkeley, he served there as assistant dean of students from 1957 to 1967 and was successful in dealing with the problems of undergraduates during those tumultuous years. This accomplishment made him an ideal candidate for the provost's position at UCSD, where he devoted himself with characteristic verve to planning in consultation with faculty and students. A difficult confrontation of political factions in 1969 unfortunately led to his withdrawal from administration, and he returned to his professorial duties. As at Berkeley, he soon became one of the most respected and popular teachers on the San Diego faculty, known to everyone as a warm and giving human being who lavished his time in counseling both graduates and undergraduates. He meanwhile served as chairman of the UCSD Department of History, which through astute recruiting he helped to build to its present size and strength.

Armin Rappaport's distinctions in the historical profession were many: he was editor of the journal of Diplomatic History, president of the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations, and the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships. Yet his colleagues will remember him above all as a jovial man of immense learning and cultivated tastes who brought elegance to every company he kept. His death was a distinct

loss to his department and to the University of California, but above all to his students and friends, to his wife of many years, Marjorie, and to his two sons.

John S. Galbraith William J. McGill Allan Mitchell


Aaron Frederick Rasmussen Jr., Microbiology and Immunology: Los Angeles

Associate Dean, School of Medicine

Aaron Frederick Rasmussen Jr., professor of microbiology and immunology and associate dean of the UCLA School of Medicine died unexpectedly on March 17, 1984 of an acute pulmonary embolism.

Dr. Rasmussen was born in St. Anthony, Idaho on May 17, 1915. He received his undergraduate education in bacteriology at the University of Idaho. His graduate training continued at the University of Wisconsin where he earned an M.S. and Ph.D. degree in bacteriology and subsequently an M.D. degree in 1944.

After four years of military service, Rasmussen's academic career started as an associate professor and subsequently as a professor in medical microbiology and preventive medicine at the University of Wisconsin. In 1952 he joined the faculty of the University of California at Los Angeles in the Department of Infectious Diseases (presently Microbiology and Immunology) as chief of the Virology Section and became chairman of the Department in 1962. Rasmussen was named associate dean of the UCLA School of Medicine in 1969, a position he held until his death.

Rasmussen served on many national scientific committees and was particularly active in the American Society for Microbiology in which he was elected president for 1977-78. He also served as chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Academy of Microbiology in 1967-68.

Rasmussen's research contributions include fundamental virological studies of poliomyelitis, influenza, and encephalitis for which he was internationally recognized. Among his pioneering investigations were experiments which demonstrated that new influenza virus strains responsible for the outbreak of pandemics could emerge as a result of genetic reassortment between preexisting strains. He was also among the discoverers of the phenomenon linking psychological stress to changes in the immune response to infections and performed the classical experiments demonstrating the reactivation of latent Herpes simplex by epinephrin. In recognition of his tireless efforts

on improving both basic and clinical oncology the new UCLA-Wadsworth-VA neutron facility was dedicated to Dean Rasmussen. In addition he played a fundamental role in the development of research programs within the UCLA School of Medicine. He was also instrumental in establishing a program on the Asian influenza viruses at the U.S. Naval Research Unit in Taiwan and expanding research activities at the Rocky Mountain Laboratory of the U.S. Public Health Service.

The UCLA Medical School, its faculty, students and staff owe much to Dean Rasmussen. He was ceaselessly concerned with the welfare as with the excellence of the faculty and always had time to listen to a friend in distress. It was his quiet nature, his unassuming and unselfish personality and his foresight which made him a keystone in the successful evolution of UCLA. In token of the esteem in which he was held, a conference room and a graduate student fellowship were named in his honor. He will be missed forever but his impact upon the excellence of the UCLA School of Medicine will be a lasting memorial to his administrative and scientific talents.

Marcel A. Baluda Debi P. Nayak Felix O. Wettstein


Dixon Rea, Civil Engineering: Los Angeles


Dixon Rea died of cancer on February 28, 1985, his 45th birthday. His untimely death meant the loss of a conscientious and dedicated member of the newly established Civil Engineering Department at UCLA. He leaves his wife, Katherine, whom he married in 1974, and his daughter, Anna, born in 1983.

Dixon Rea was born into a family of four brothers and two sisters in the city of Downpatrick, Northern Ireland, in the year 1940. He studied at Down High School and at the Queen's University of Belfast where he was awarded a B.Sc. in Civil Engineering with First Class Honors in 1961. He continued his studies in the area of structural dynamics, earning his Ph.D. degree in 1965. During that period he acted as a teaching assistant and he developed a fondness for teaching and research. His faculty advisor at the time noted that “Even at this early period of his career he showed a love of teaching and research, together with an ability to do careful and meticulous work that suggested he would make a lasting contribution to his field.” Interestingly, in his doctoral literature survey the first publication he found in his field of interest was written by a faculty member at the University of California, Berkeley, with whom he would subsequently have close collaboration.

Dr. Rea came to the University of California, Berkeley, in 1965 as a research engineer in the Earthquake Engineering Research Center. Over a period of approximately 10 years he carried out numerous experimental investigations on structural components and on full-scale structures to determine their dynamic behavior. The ultimate goal of these studies was to improve seismic resistant designs. During this same period he played a key role in the development and operation of the earthquake simulator facility at the Earthquake Engineering Research Center. He was a principal investigator for several of the first experimental studies conducted at this facility. His contributions to the field of earthquake engineering while at Berkeley were indeed outstanding, and they earned him a worldwide reputation as one of the leading experimental structural analysts.


In 1974, Dixon Rea accepted a position as associate professor in the Mechanics and Structures Department at UCLA. His interest in structural design, structural dynamics, and earthquake engineering led him to develop a second earthquake simulator with which he continued his research on small-scale steel structures. All Dixon's endeavors were carefully planned and methodically and deliberately carried out. His reputation and quest for quality combined with sound judgment when it came to practical engineering considerations resulted in several prestigious consulting and advisory tasks in Europe and Japan as well as in the United States.

Perhaps Dixon Rea's largest contribution came as a teacher. He was one of the finest and most effective teachers in the department. His lectures were well organized and he was blessed with an ability to arouse students' curiosity. Patience and genuine interest in students' understanding the subject made him a favorite advisor for graduate students in structural engineering.

Dixon Rea was instrumental in the planning, organization, and establishment of the Civil Engineering Department in 1983. He became a full professor in 1984. Sadly, he did not live to enjoy the fruits of his efforts, both at UCLA and with his family.

We remember Dixon Rea as a gentle, shy friend with a keen mind and fine sense of humor. He was greatly admired and respected by his colleagues and students, not only for his perceptive understanding of his subject matter and excellent skills as a teacher and research supervisor, but also, and maybe more, for his sense of compassion and devotion to his students.

W.G. Godden R.B. Nelson J. Penzien P.V. Lade


Carl Phillip Regli, Dentistry: San Francisco

Professor Emeritus

Dr. Carl P. Regli, a native Californian, was born in Ferndale, educated at the University of California, and graduated from the University of California School of Dentistry in 1939. He interned for a year at Cincinnati General Hospital in Ohio, then spent the next two years in private practice in San Francisco while serving part-time as a clinical assistant at the UCSF School of Dentistry.

During the war years from 1942-1945, he served as a Navy dental officer, advancing from lieutenant (J.G.) to commander and saw foreign service in Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. For a short time after the war, Carl Regli established a practice in San Francisco and held an appointment as assistant professor at the UCSF School of Dentistry.

In 1950, he was recruited by the University of Washington School of Dentistry in Seattle as a full-time associate professor of prosthodontics. Four years later, he was recalled to UCSF with an appointment as professor to head the section of Denture Prosthetics. From 1964-1977, he served as chairman of the Division of Prosthodontics.

In 1977, the dental school, which had been one department in the university system, was reorganized into four departments. Carl Regli was selected to chair the new Department of Restorative Dentistry. This department consisted of the Divisions of Fixed Prosthodontics, Removable Prosthodontics, Endodontics, Operative Dentistry, and Biomaterials. Dr. Regli brought these diverse disciplines together into an integrated department. It was a difficult task to coordinate the curricula, reorganize the clinical activities, revitalize faculty recruitment, increase research productivity, and improve interdivisional communication, but Carl managed to perform all of these tasks effectively. The Department was recognized as one of the finest in the nation for teaching restorative dentistry. Carl served in that capacity until his retirement as professor emeritus in 1981. An active and effective administrator, he possessed a remarkable ability to analyze the problem at hand and suggest a logical solution in a manner that left everyone

satisfied. As department chairman, he had a strong empathy for all members of his department, including both staff and academic employees, and took an active interest in their work. He did everything in his power to assist and further their individual abilities, and took real pleasure in their professional growth.

For his 27 years as a full professor, Carl Regli served the University with distinction as a teacher, researcher, and administrator. His service on committees in the dental school and Academic Senate was outstanding. Carl seemed to do more than his share of his duties, probably because of his unique, quiet way of listening to a long discussion by others, then proposing a succinct and logical solution. He served on virtually every committee in the dental school and on most of the important committees of the Academic Senate. In 1971, he was the statewide representative for the San Francisco Division of the Senate.

Carl Regli's creativity resulted in more than 25 publications and, more importantly, stimulated his staff in their research by providing ideas, help, and leadership. He was the first to apply engineering techniques to intraoral studies by using strain gauges embedded in dental restorations to evaluate their performance during actual function. This technique has been used since by many other investigators. Carl and colleague Jim McDowell were the first to demonstrate that the human mandible changes significantly in width on opening and closing because of the pull of the lateral pterygoid muscles. His original findings were subsequently verified by European investigators using more sophisticated techniques.

Carl Regli served as contributing editor for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry from 1951-1971. He was active in many professional societies. For over 35 years, he was a leader in the Pacific Coast Society of Prosthodontics, serving as its president from 1964-1965, chairman of the Program Committee, and general chairman of the Annual Meeting in 1966. He was elected to fellowship in the American College of Dentists and was a member of the American Prosthodontic Society and the International Association of Dental Research. In addition, he was a member of three prestigious dental honor societies, Omicron Kappa Upsilon, Epsilon Alpha, and Sigma Xi.

As a teacher, Carl Regli was widely recognized and in great demand. Despite his administrative and professional duties, he spent much time in lecture courses, clinics, and graduate courses. He gained the respect of students and colleagues for his ability to effectively present didactic material, then demonstrate the same techniques in laboratory or clinical situations. Carl's hallmark as a clinical teacher was the way he watched the progress of his students and his timely intervention when he saw they had a problem. He presented papers, lectures, clinics, and courses to over 100 different groups in the continental U.S., Hawaii, Canada, Japan, Thailand, and

Mexico. He was a consultant to the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Seattle, the Veterans Administration Hospital in Seattle, Tripler Hospital in Hawaii, the Veterans Administration Hospital in San Francisco, Letterman Army Hospital in San Francisco, and the Naval Hospital at Treasure Island in San Francisco. Much of his duty as consultant to these institutions took the form of lecturing and clinical teaching for residents in training.

A well-rounded person, Carl enjoyed working in the garden, and was particularly interested in fuschias and camellias, which he shared liberally. He was also a keen fisherman, and looked forward to his retirement in the Trinity foothills. Tragically, he died only months after his retirement when a fire destroyed his retirement home near Douglas City.

Carl Regli is survived by his wife, Rae Gregory Regli of Douglas City, California, and two sons. Robert S. Regli is a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley and of Boalt Hall School of Law; he now heads a coffee processing and plantation company in Kona, Hawaii. Keith A. Regli, a University of California graduate with a Ph.D. in mathematics from Brandeis University, is now a software engineer for Digital Equipment Corporation in New Hampshire.

Ellsworth K. Kelly James M. Fairchild Ben W. Pavone Robert F. Brigante Hilary K. Pritchard


Ralph Rice, Law: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Ralph Rice was born in Butte, Montana on November 25, 1909. He was educated in the public schools of South Dakota and was awarded the J.D. degree by the University in 1932. After a period of public and private law practice in South Dakota, he earned an LL.M. degree at Harvard. He taught law at Washburn University and the University of Cincinnati.

He came to the UCLA Law School in 1952, when it was suffering a severe crisis of leadership, and he remained for about 25 years. During that quarter-century, the law school achieved its present position of eminence--one to which he contributed on every level--teaching, scholarship, and law school service.

Ralph will be remembered by an entire generation of students as an enthusiastic and demanding tax teacher, one who always emphasized the ethical problems of tax practice. He deserves to be remembered by succeeding casebook writers for his pioneering development of the problem method. He will certainly be remembered by a great many members of the broader UCLA community for his thousands of hours on university and law school committees, for his unflinching support of the library system, and for his efforts to build bridges between the law school and other departments.

Ralph devoted the latter part of his career (and of his retirement as well) to writing and revising books intended for practicing lawyers. Books like Family Tax Planning contain a veritable torrent of fresh practical ideas for solving the problems of ordinary people. These books consist of chapter after chapter of clearly written prose, translating the mysteries of taxation, of community property, of the law of wills and trusts, into language which a practicing lawyer can understand. And more than understand--can apply immediately to insure a smooth, economical transmission of wealth between spouses and generations.

By no means are these works simply form-books or treatises, although there are plenty of forms and summaries of legal rules. Instead, these books integrate many areas of law and bring them to bear in a sophisticated

system of guidance for the practicing lawyer who is faced with a problem and needs to know how to solve it.

If Ralph Rice has helped a generation of lawyers in their estate planning practice--and he has--if his work helped the estate plans of countless clients to work smoothly--and it did--Ralph's place must be secure. His books are preventive law at its best. Their contribution can never be accurately measured--for how can we know how many families stayed out of trouble because their lawyer turned to Ralph's books before advising them?

He was, not least, a marvelous friend and noble companion. Those of us outside the field of law could only guess from his accumulated accolades that he was a distinguished scholar and teacher; but we needed no external testimony to his gift for fraternity. To his colleagues at the UCLA Law School, Ralph was also a generous source of advice, of teaching, of practical help with scholarship. All of us who knew him and drew so heavily on his accumulated wisdom remember him with affection.

As we recall our great friend and colleague, we might turn to a favorite poem, slightly adapted for the purpose:

They told me Ralph, they told me you were dead.
They brought me bitter news to hear and bitter tears to shed.
It brought back memories of how often you and I
Had tired the sun with talking, and sent him down the sky.
And now that you are lying, my dear old colleague and guest--
Free at last from pain, just now gone to rest,
Still are thy pleasant voice, thy nightingales, awake,
For death he taketh all away, but them he cannot take.

Michael Asimow John Hutchinson John Bauman


Sidney Riegelman, Pharmacy; Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Radiology: San Francisco


Sidney Riegelman was born July 19, 1921 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He attended the University of Wisconsin, graduating with a bachelor of science degree in pharmacy in 1944. Since these were war years, Sid went into the armed services, serving as a lieutenant in communications in the U.S. Navy. At the end of the war, he returned to Madison to enter graduate school, receiving a Ph.D. in pharmacy in 1948. Following his graduate work, Sid and his new wife of two years, Milli, came west to join the faculty of the School of Pharmacy at the University of California at San Francisco. Their children, Nancy, Marke and Carole, were born in the following years. At UCSF, Sid rose through the academic ranks holding the positions of instructor, 1948-50; assistant professor, 1950-56, and associate professor, 1956-62.

In 1958, Sid published a series of papers with graduate student Wilfred Crowell, which appeared in the scientific edition of the Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association under the major heading of “The Kinetics of Rectal Absorption.” For these studies Sid was awarded the Ebert Prize in 1959 which recognized Sid's publications as the best work published in journals of the American Pharmaceutical Association during the year 1958.

Sid was promoted to professor of pharmacy in 1962 and held a joint appointment in the Department of Radiology beginning in 1964. The quality of the research published by Sid together with his graduate students and postdoctoral fellows was recognized when Sid was awarded the American Pharmaceutical Association Research Association's Award in Pharmacodynamics in 1970. In 1970, Sid was chosen Alumnus of the Year by the University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy and was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

In the early 1970s, Sid carried out two significant research-related tasks in addition to his own work. In 1972, he was the primary author for a pamphlet published by the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences entitled “Guidelines for Bioavailability Studies in Man.” In 1973, Sid founded

and became the editor of the Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics, the first journal published in this discipline. Sid was a visiting lecturer in Australia, Japan, Israel, and South Africa and repeatedly was invited to lecture in Europe, particularly in the Scandinavian countries. In 1978, he was selected to deliver the Karl Wilheim Scheele Lecture at the meeting of the Pharmaceutical Society of Sweden.

Sid always gave willingly of his time and energy. At the time of his death he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chairman of the Academy's Task Force on Dissolution Methodology. Sid was also a leader in pharmacy education. He developed the first courses related to biology and pharmacy under the title of biopharmaceutics. He was chairman of the Department of Pharmacy from 1967-78, a time when the department grew in stature to assume an important leadership position. He was instrumental in the development of clinical pharmacy at UCSF. Throughout much of the 1950s, with this discipline in its infancy and with many doubters, he was a major and tireless force in initiating and developing clinical pharmacy at UCSF. Even in 1981, as a full professor and associate dean for research services, Sid was chairman of the school's Curriculum Committee. Although Sid's interest and research were multifarious, he considered himself a pharmacist and a pharmaceutical scientist. All his energy went into making his profession and scientific discipline succeed.

Twenty-two graduate students received their Ph.D's under Sid's direction, including three of the six students working with Sid at the time of his death. An approximately equal number of postdoctoral scholars and M.D. fellows have worked in Sid's laboratory. These young men and women collaborated with Sid in his 176 publications. Thirty-two of these Riegelman trained scientists served as contributing authors in a volume dedicated to their mentor entitled Pharmacokinetics--A Modern View published by Plenum Press in 1984 (L.Z. Benet, G. Levy and B.L. Ferraiolo, editors). The first six chapters of this volume describe in more detail and from the perspective of his personal friends an overview of Sidney Riegelman, the man, his work and his impact.

On April 4, 1981, Sid drowned while scuba diving with his wife at Salt Point, California, a coastal area just north of San Francisco. It seems most appropriate to close this brief sketch by recounting the text of a memorial plaque located outside the office of the Department of Pharmacy at UCSF. The plaque is dedicated to Sid “by his graduate students, who honor his scientific achievements and excellence, his inspirations and contagious enthusiasm in research and teaching. We shall always remember Sid as our mentor, scientific father and most importantly, as our beloved friend and confidant.”

Leslie Z. Benet


David W. Robinson, Animal Science: Davis


David Robinson was a remarkably talented teacher, scientist, administrator, and internationalist. He was also a superb athlete and gifted artist. His death at the age of 49 represented a tragic loss to his family, friends, University, and the international community.

Born in Leeds, England, to missionary parents, he lived most of his first nine years in Morocco and Spain. The early exposure to other cultures no doubt contributed to his lifelong interest in travel and international work, and to his exceptional sensitivity to the needs and concerns of people of different cultures. Following the early years in Morocco and Spain, David attended school in Yorkshire and grammar school in Swansea, Wales, where his future wife Dorothy was also a student.

His formal university training was all at the University of Nottingham, where he took bachelor of science degrees with honors in physiology and biochemistry in 1959 and a doctorate in nutrition in 1962. During his doctorate program he obtained a traveling scholarship to visit research institutions in Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, and France. Following completion of his doctorate he spent three years each as a lecturer in animal nutrition at the University of Liverpool and as a research scientist with Commonwealth and Scientific Industrial Research Organization in Australia, before joining the Department of Animal Science at Davis in 1968.

David's research record documents his skill in use of new techniques and his exceptional productivity. His early work at Nottingham and Liverpool focused on protein and amino acid nutrition of pigs, a field in which he became a widely recognized authority. On moving to Australia, where much of his assignment with CSIRO was spent in the Kimberley “outback,” his work of necessity shifted to study of the physiology of nutritional depletion and repletion of ruminants in the semi-arid tropics, although with a continuing focus on protein nutrition. At Davis his research involved both ruminants and non-ruminants, with a major emphasis on factors controlling food intake. Much of this work involved hypothalamic manipulations

and measurements of DNA and RNA which at the time were relatively new techniques in livestock research. In the six years at Davis before he moved full time into international work and administration, he supervised five doctorate and ten master of science students, and published more than 30 papers.

As distinguished as was his record in research, he is probably best remembered from these years for his teaching. His thorough knowledge of subject matter, combined with exceptional organization and great story-telling ability, made Nutrition 110 an extremely popular course, in spite of its being a heavy (five- unit) requirement for many students in the biological sciences. He taught non-ruminant nutrition with equal distinction, and was a popular guest lecturer in several other department and campus courses.

A three-month consultancy for CSIRO in Indonesia in 1972 restimulated his interest in international work, and in 1974 he took a leave of absence from UC to serve as Research Director of CSIRO's new Livestock Research Centre at Ciawi in West Java. (It was rumored that the impression he had made in Indonesia in 1972 led to insistence by the host country that Dave Robinson must be recruited if CSIRO's plans to build the center were to be realized.) As research director he did an outstanding job of recruiting students for training in Australia and of recruiting scientists to launch the center. He also pushed hard for development of a research program which related to local production conditions and involved outreach to farmers. This philosophy was not popular with the CSIRO administration involved with the center at that time, and as a result Dave was persuaded by UC to return to Davis in 1976. He served as associate dean of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences for the next two years, and in 1978 he was recruited as the first program director of the Small Ruminant Program, the first of the Collaborative Research Support Programs authorized by Congress under Title XII of the 1975 Famine Prevention and Freedom from Hunger Act.

The SR-CRSP provided Robinson an opportunity to develop a new kind of international program in agriculture. He responded to this challenge with enthusiasm, insight, and tremendous energy. Programs were developed in five countries (Brazil, Indonesia, Kenya, Morocco, and Peru) which focus on local and regional problems, on training and local institution building, and above all on a collaborative mode of research. This was a tremendously complex task, with scientists in eight disciplines from more than a dozen U.S. universities, the United States Agency for International Development as the funding agency, and the five overseas worksites. The mechanisms worked out under his leadership provide a model for effective collaborative aid to developing countries which is not only far less expensive

than most traditional modes, but offers much higher probability of continuation of the work by local scientists when U.S. participation ends. His inclusion of participating country scientists in high levels of decision making in the program was an especially bold and productive innovation.

David's concern for the people with whom he worked was particularly evident in his years as director of the Small Ruminant Program, and extended to people at every one of the overseas worksites. He worked very long hours himself, and from time to time drew those around him into doing the same. On occasion, after a particularly pressing task had been completed, he would declare it to be the “Queen's Birthday,” and thus a holiday for his staff. During a couple of especially gruelling years, the queen aged rapidly.

No description of David Robinson's life would be complete without mention of his accomplishments as an athlete and an artist. He was captain of rugby, cricket and soccer teams at boarding school, played rugby for the British Universities Touring Side (national all star team) and was a record-holder in the half mile. He continued to play rugby for many years, and was still scoring spectacular “tries” against strong competition in his late thirties. Repeated separations of a shoulder limited his playing in later years, and he had to content himself with coaching rugby, one of the sports in which all three of his sons excelled. David was also an enthusiastic mountain climber, and this activity, combined with his skill as a photographer, produced some spectacular pictures.

In art, Dave's sketches of the Yorkshire countryside he loved so well were gifts treasured by his friends, and beautiful charcoal drawings and paintings of people and places around the world were a special feature of the Robinson home. His colleagues also learned that, if a meeting promised to be particularly long and dull, it was wise to sit next to Dave. This had two advantages: first, one was less likely to be the subject of a caricature, and secondly, one got to see his representations of other colleagues.

In spite of all his abilities and accomplishments and the affection and high regard in which he was held by so many people, David was subject to periods of severe self-doubt and depression from time to time throughout his life. It is another measure of the very special person he was that, until the last few months of his life, he remained highly productive in his work through such periods, and often only those closest to him knew of the stresses under which he worked.

David Robinson was a person with deep concern for people throughout the world, and for the role the University might play in contributing to their well being. His own words, from an address to the U.S. House Select Committee on Hunger in 1984, best express his views:


“This University has a mandate. It is a mandate to seek the seek the truth, to search for new knowledge, and to make the truth and knowledge available to all the family of mankind. We hope to train a cadre of people who not only understand the problems of hunger and poverty but who have the sensitivity and courage to resolve them.”

G.E. Bradford D.L. Brown W.C. Weir


Julia Bowman Robinson, Mathematics: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

Julia Robinson was born in St. Louis, Missouri on December 8, 1919 to Ralph Bowers Bowman and Helen Hall Bowman. When she was two years old her mother died and the family was sent to Phoenix, Arizona to live with a grandmother. In the fall of 1925, the family moved again to Point Loma on San Diego Bay. Julia received her elementary and secondary education in the San Diego public schools. In 1936 she began her college career at San Diego State College, majoring in mathematics and transferring to Berkeley for her senior year. She received three degrees from Berkeley: A.B. 1940, M.A. 1941, and Ph.D. in 1948. In 1941 she married Raphael Robinson, who had taught her number theory at Berkeley.

Robinson's Ph.D. thesis was written under the supervision of Alfred Tarski. In it she settled a difficult problem that had attracted considerable attention for some years. This was the decision problem for the elementary theory of the system of rational numbers (with operations of addition and multiplication). Her solution showed that there cannot be an algorithm which, given any first-order sentence about the rational number system, decides in a finite number of steps whether the sentence is true or false; this result is expressed by saying that the theory is undecidable. Earlier work by Alonzo Church had shown that the elementary theory of the system of integers is undecidable. On the other hand, Tarski had produced an algorithm showing that the elementary theory of the system of real numbers is decidable. The question of the theory of rational numbers was then a very natural one to raise, but it had resisted solution for a long time. To solve it, Robinson brought to bear a deep theorem of number theory, dealing with ternary quadratic forms, that had been proved by Helmut Hasse in 1923.

In all, Robinson published 25 papers. Her first four papers dealt with probability theory, game theory, the subject of her dissertation, and the theory of recursive functions.

Robinson's fifth paper was her first step along a road that led her to fame, and she followed it with eight other papers that brought her very

far along the same road--although not quite to the end. These papers were successive efforts to solve “Hilbert's tenth problem”; this terminology refers to a list of 23 problems proposed at the International Congress of Mathematicians held in 1900 by David Hilbert, generally acknowledged to be the greatest mathematician of his time. Hilbert's list of problems provided a framework for a vast amount of the mathematical research of our century.

Hilbert's 10th problem deals with Diophantine equations, which are equations between two polynomials (in several variables) having integer coefficients. Given any such equation one can look for solutions-integers to be assigned to the variables that will make the equation true. However, it is easy to see that some Diophantine equations have no solutions. Hilbert proposed the problem of finding an algorithm which could determine, in an automatic way involving a finite computation, whether or not any given Diophantine equation has a solution. Robinson set out to prove that there is no such algorithm to be found.

In a series of leapfrogging papers, Robinson, Martin Davis, and Hilary Putmam reached an important milestone in 1960 when it was shown that there is no algorithm for deciding which exponential Diophantine equations have solutions--this is a wider class of equations in which polynomials with variable exponents are considered. Subsequent papers moved closer and closer to a solution of Hilbert's problem. Robinson showed in 1969 that if there is a polynomial equation in one variable whose solutions are all prime numbers and no others, then there could be no algorithm of the kind proposed by Hilbert. The following year a young Soviet mathematician, Yuri Matyjasevic, based on earlier work of Robinson, showed how to construct a Diophantine equation whose solution set is any of a large class of sets, including the set of prime numbers, thus completing the conquest of Hilbert's tenth problem.

During the Second World War, and some years after, Julia did research in Berkeley's Statistical Laboratory under Jerzy Neyman. From time to time, she was invited to teach in the Department of Mathematics, holding the title of lecturer. Then in 1976, after she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, she was appointed professor of mathematics, a position from which she retired in 1985 just before her death.

In the summer of 1984 she was stricken with leukemia and, after a gallant battle, she finally succumbed on July 30, 1985.

Julia was the first woman to be elected to the Academy's mathematical section, and the first woman president of the American Mathematical Society. She was appointed a MacArthur Foundation Fellow in February of 1983. She was a leading figure among academic women's organizations and received the Achievement Award of the American Association of University Women.


Julia was loved and admired by her colleagues. Her gentle manner, quiet sense of humor, idealism and integrity, and her obvious and contagious love of mathematics won for her a wide circle of friends around the world.

Julia Robinson is survived by her husband and two sisters: Constance Reid, the well known San Francisco mathematical biographer, and Billie Comstock, a lawyer of Santa Cruz.

Elizabeth Scott Marina Ratner John Addison Leon Henkin Derrick Lehmer


Franklin Prescott Rolfe, English: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Franklin Rolfe was born in Penacook, a suburb of Concord, New Hampshire, the son of Harlowe Foster and Harriet Smith Rolfe. He attended Penacook high school and Dartmouth College before obtaining an M.A. in English literature from Harvard. Then, seeking to broaden his horizons, he taught for two years at Stanford. After his return to graduate study at Harvard he met his future wife, Katherine Taylor, who was studying at Wellesley. He received his Ph.D., married, and departed for London as a Sheldon Fellow in 1931.

In 1932 he came to UCLA, which was then only 13 years old and had been located in Westwood only three years. Both the English Department and the College of Letters and Science were to profit greatly from his leadership until his retirement in 1971.

As a new instructor, Franklin taught freshman composition and the sophomore survey of English literature, and he subsequently taught advanced composition. He was also asked to organize and teach the courses in Victorian literature. His work with freshmen resulted in joint authorship of A Guide to Better Writing (1940) and joint editorship of an anthology, The Modern Omnibus (1946). To supplement the university library's holdings in Victorian literature he assembled a collection of books on microfilm.

He became chairman of the English Department in 1945, at which time Robert Gordon Sproul, president of the University of California, asked him to draw up a plan of development for the department that was implemented in toto and resulted in the harmonious strengthening of research among the faculty members. He at the same time obtained permanent status at the associate professor level for teachers who had been faithfully serving on annual contracts since the time when UCLA was still a normal school. An ability to ring in the new without ringing out the old continued to be a characteristic of his administrative activities.

He had served only two years as department chairman when he became dean of the humanities also, one of the four divisional deans in the College

of Letters and Science who dealt with budgetary and personnel matters, mostly relating to the faculty. This was a time of great expansion of the University and the creation of a number of new language departments, and Franklin found himself at one time not only chairman of English and dean but also acting chairman of Slavic and Oriental Languages, recruiting at one time to fill 32 positions. He became dean of the College in 1961. In his position as dean he had much to do with the development of the departments under his purview, for he was familiar with all their plans and in the latter years had final approval of appointments to the assistant professorship and some discretion in the allotment of monies assigned to his division and college. Among others whom he guided into and encouraged in administrative roles was David Saxon, who was to become president of the University.

The respect accorded Franklin's concern for fairness can be seen in his activities in 1949 and 1950, when for a time the Regents of the University required the signing of an oath of loyalty to the United States as a condition of employment. Franklin signed the oath but was then invited to be treasurer of a committee that raised money to pay the salaries of those who did not sign. The receipt and disbursement of the money was entirely confidential, and left in his hands alone. He had the same reputation for fairness among the students in the period of activism in the 60s, when he sought to obtain a sympathetic hearing for student activism that confined itself to regular academic channels and helped to confine it to those channels by a certain flexibility within the rules. Thus he pleased both students and faculty and saved many students from academic disaster.

Kay Rolfe died in 1978. Some years later Franklin said of her, “I cannot talk about our relationship, except to say that for 54 years it was the central fact and greatest good fortune in my life.” They had no children, but were devoted to and spent a great deal of time with Kay's nephews and grandnephews, one of whom, Philip MacDonald, came to live with Franklin the last year or two of his life. Franklin was thus able to continue to live in the house he and Kay had shared since their very earliest days in Los Angeles. That home was a beautiful one, where they were frequent and most gracious hosts to their many friends. We remember them with great and genuine affection. Theirs was a busy and happy life of service to UCLA and of devotion to one another. As he himself looked back on his career he said, “It has been to me a source of great satisfaction to watch the establishment and the development of a great university within a period of 50 years, and even more, to have taken part in it.”

Philip Levine Robert Vosper Vinton Dearing


Morton D. Sarver, Optometry and Physiological Optics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Morton D. Sarver's sudden death on May 2, 1986, was an unexpected tragedy for his family, friends, and colleagues. He had recently retired from university service. Those of us who had worked with him expected many more productive years.

Mort will be remembered as a distinguished professor of optometry, an internationally recognized authority in the field of contact lenses, an outstanding practitioner of optometry, a loving husband and father, a valued friend, and a gentleman in the truest sense of the word.

Born in Oakland on May 9, 1922, Mort spent his entire life, except for his military service, in the Bay Area. After graduating from Oakland High School in 1940, he entered the University of California, Berkeley. His studies in optometry were interrupted, however, when his army reserve unit was activated during World War II. The Army thought he could best serve as an engineer and sent him to Ohio State University for training. It was there he sent for and married the former Merle Donner, his high school sweetheart, on August 7, 1943. He then attended Officers Training School at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, and was shipped to the Philippines. Although peace in the Pacific was declared while he was en route, he nonetheless served in the Philippines for eight months.

He returned home in time for the birth of the first of his three sons, Donald, who--along with his brother Larry--followed their father into optometry and later joined him in practice. His third son, Howard, entered business.

Many of us fondly remember Mort telling the story of how, having begun in optometry, the Army almost made him an engineer. When he resumed his studies at Berkeley, he had to choose which profession he would pursue. In selecting optometry, he retained benefits of his engineering training in the exercise of clinical skills.

Mort was always a man of precision, both professionally and privately. He planned carefully before acting, speaking from knowledge. He was

thorough-going in handling problems, and was compassionate with his patients. His lectures were models of order and clarity. His research was searching, timely, and highly practical. He served his profession, his school, his university, his patients, his family, and society in an exemplary way.

His career in the field of corneal and contact-lens science was exceptional. Mort was involved academically with almost every important development in the field over the past 25 years. In his earlier period at the University of California he pioneered thinking about the optics and fitting characteristics of hard contact lenses. His work greatly improved the success rate of patients fitted with these lenses. Those who took his contact-lens course in the early 60s were far ahead of many of our colleagues who unfortunately were not the recipients of his clinical insight and experience. In the late 60s and early 70s, he became closely involved with the soft contact-lens field and published more than 30 scientific articles related to optics and physiological response to soft lenses. He was the first to report the problem of corneal striae--at a time when many practitioners were stating that the soft contact lenses were without complications--an example, indeed, of his astute clinical observation. By the mid-70s, he recognized that there was still an important need for rigid lens material and pioneered some of the first research on the physiological response to gas-permeable hard contact lenses. He continued with this phase of investigation until his death, publishing important papers on physiological response, optics, and fitting characteristics of gas-permeable hard contact lenses.

It is fitting that he was recognized prior to his death for his many years of outstanding clinical practice and research by receiving virtually every significant award that exists in his field. He was the recipient of the University of California Optometry Alumnus of the Year award, the William Feinbloom Award for Clinical Excellence by the American Academy of Optometry, and the Max Shapero Memorial Lectureship by the Academy's Cornea and Contact Lens Section. In June 1986, the American Optometric Association recognized him posthumously with its highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award.

The honors and accolades Mort received from his profession signal the enduring influence this gentle man had on the profession of optometry.

Robert B. Mandell Irving Fatt Michael G. Harris Kenneth A. Polse


Alan L. Schneider, Drama: San Diego


Alan Schneider was born in southern Russia in 1917 and emigrated to the United States with his parents in 1921. He began his theatrical career as an instructor in the Drama Department at Catholic University in Washington, D.C. in 1941, and was connected with an educational institution almost constantly throughout the remainder of his career. He taught at Catholic University until 1952 while establishing his reputation in the professional theatre at the Arena Stage in Washington, where he was artistic director in 1952-53.

Alan Schneider directed his first Broadway show, The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker, but continued to guest direct at academic institutions. He was professor of theatre arts at Boston University from 1972 to 1979, and director of the Juilliard Theatre Center from 1975 to 1979. In 1979, Professor Schneider joined the faculty of the Drama Department at UCSD where he held the Quinn Martin Chair in Drama.

Professor Schneider was a man for all theatres. He directed on and off Broadway, and even off-off Broadway. He directed at regional theatres throughout the United States, as well as at innumerable universities and colleges. Internationally, he directed Samuel Beckett's Rockabye at the National Theatre of Great Britain in 1982, and in 1973, his productions of The Skin of Our Teeth and The Matchmaker were invited to tour the Soviet Union, the first American theatre company to perform in that country since the Russian Revolution.

Alan Schneider was the principal director of the plays of Edward Albee, Robert Anderson and Samuel Beckett. In 1960, Alan directed a production of Beckett's Krapp's Last Tape in New York on a double bill with Albee's Zoo Story, which was staged by another director. Albee so admired Alan's work on the Beckett play that he invited him to direct the world premiere of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf on Broadway. In subsequent years, Alan directed the world premieres of Albee's Tiny Alice, Ballad of the Sad Cafe, Delicate Balance (which won the Pulitzer Prize), Box and Quotations from

Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. Alan won the coveted Tony Award in 1963 as best director of a Broadway show for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf and an Obie award for best director of an off-Broadway show, Harold Pinter's The Birthday Party, a feat indicative of his commitment to theatre in all places.

Schneider was probably best known as an interpreter of the plays of Samuel Beckett and as the man who brought Beckett and his startling plays to the American theatre. Beginning with the American premiere production of Waiting for Godot in 1958, Schneider directed American premieres of Endgame, Krapp's Last Tape, Act Without Words II, Play, Act Without Words I, That Time and Pitfalls, and the world premieres of Not I, Happy Days, Film, Rockabye, and Ohio Impromptu. Alan was regarded throughout the world as Beckett's favorite director and most sensitive interpreter.

In addition to the world premiere productions of plays by Albee and Beckett, Professor Schneider also directed the world premieres of Robert Anderson's All Summer Long, You Know I Can't Hear You When the Water's Running, and I Never Sang for My Father, Tennessee Williams' The Mutilated and Gnädiges Fräulein, and the American premieres of Harold Pinter's The Dumbwaiter, The Collection, The Lover and The Birthday Party. These playwrights chose Schneider to direct their plays because they knew he would be true to their texts, since he paid meticulous attention to the desires of the playwrights, and would demand the same attention from the actors in the productions.

While a member of the faculty at UCSD, Alan Schneider continued his professional directing career with a vengeance. He directed at the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, was an artistic director of the Acting Company, and continued to work in New York. He headed professional organizations such as the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers, and the Theatre Communications Group. At the time of his death in London, Schneider was directing a new play by a young American playwright at the Hamstead Theatre Club, carrying on his long commitment to the training and supporting of promising theatre artists.

Alan's contributions to the Drama Department at UCSD were inestimable. A genuine teacher as well as artist, he brought 40 years of expertise in the theatre to all drama students, especially to the graduate directing students with whom he spent most of his time. Fidelity to the text was the foundation of Alan's teaching, and in his weekly seminar with the graduate students, their conversation would center on that question. Not that he was dogmatic about the way in which a given play should be presented, just so long as the intentions of the playwright and the text were foremost in the director's attention. Those weekly seminars, held in his cubbyhole-like office, were the centerpiece of his pedagogical approach, but he also spent a good deal of time observing and criticizing the practical work of the directors in the

program, either in studio or full-fledged productions. It was his meticulous attention and support that prompted his students to think of him as a true mentor.

Alan Schneider brought to his UCSD students all the insights of his 40 years in the professional theatre, determination in the pursuit of excellence, and a deep all-encompassing love for the art of the theatre. Professor Schneider is survived by his wife Jean, and his children, Vicki and David.

Michael C. Addison Paul D. Saltman Arthur Wagner


Per Fredrik Scholander, Marine Biology: San Diego

Professor Emeritus

Per Fredrik Scholander was born in Orebro, Sweden on November 29, 1905, and died in his home in La Jolla, California on June 13, 1980. Dr. Scholander received a medical degree and the doctor of philosophy degree (in botany) from the University of Oslo, Norway. He came to Swarthmore College in 1939 and became a United States citizen in 1945. He was made captain in the Air Corps of the United States Army in 1943 and made major contributions to pilot safety at high altitude and to survival in arctic seas. He and Susan Irving were married in 1951, and together they enriched all who knew them. He accepted a professorship at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1958. He established the Physiological Research Laboratory at Scripps in 1965, and this facility for conducting biochemical and physiological research was extended to far-ranging places by its research vessel, RV Alpha Helix, a national facility. Scholander was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1961, the American Philosophical Society in 1962 and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1974. He received the Nansen Award for Polar Research in 1979.

Pete Scholander was an esthete, enjoying music, fine food, conversation and nature. His greatest joy was to call into question the orthodox account of a natural phenomenon. All his abundant gifts were recruited as he searched for an enlightened view of a biological or physical process. He possessed ingenuity, enthusiasm and motivation befitting a genius, and he could inspire his associates to share his pursuits. All his ideas he subjected to experimentation, and he was the consummate experimentalist. A list of his achievements in animal and plant physiology is long. He anticipated and discovered that hemoglobin could facilitate the diffusion of oxygen and suggested that myoglobin may function in a similar capacity in muscles. He largely explained how the counter flow of arterial and venous blood in the rete mirabile of the swim bladder of some deep sea fishes could maintain a large difference in oxygen and nitrogen with respect to their partial pressures in sea water. He also found one of the clues to attaining

the high oxygen pressure in the swim bladder. By direct measurement, he confirmed the cohesion theory of transpiration in tall trees, mangroves and desert shrubs. He came to understand the turgor pressure in plant cells must be attributed to pressure exerted by the solutes in the cytosol rather than to intracellular water, the orthodox view. This led to further challenge of the orthodox view of osmosis and osmotic pressure. He enlightened us on such varied subjects as: the role of insulation and metabolism in polar birds, mammals and man exposed to cold; freezing survival in polar insects and freezing avoidance in polar fish; paleoatmospheres preserved in gas bubbles entrapped in glacial ice; the cardiovascular adjustments during diving in marine mammals; and how porpoises ride the bow waves of ships.

Professor Scholander was a noble person, and he always treated others as if they were no less noble. Jealousy, envy and hatred were unknown in his character; he was never vindictive or imperious. He enjoyed his life, his home, his colleagues and his science to the fullest degree, and to the end he spoke no regrets.

Harold T. Hammel George N. Somero Fred N. White


James R. Scobie, History: San Diego


James R. Scobie, who died on June 4, 1981, left behind a legacy of fine scholarship and a host of friends and admirers. A New Englander by upbringing and schooling, he spent many years living, researching and writing about the Latin American experience. Having launched his life as a scholar at Berkeley, and then having traveled east to Indiana University to establish his reputation, he had come west again in the 1970s to join the History Department at the University of California at San Diego. A scholar who cared about teaching and students, he spent hours making certain each lecture had something significant to offer. As a colleague you could always count on “Jim” to carry his share of the bureaucratic burden and to live congenially with his peers. He seldom lost his temper and almost always judged others by the standards he applied to himself.

The author of a substantial body of scholarly books and articles, Scobie had led the way in the development of the field of Latin American urban history. An expert on Argentina, he left behind books on Buenos Aires, its capital city, and its relationship with the countryside. His Argentina: A City and a Nation (1964), and interpretative survey, talked not merely of politics and economics but of literature and writers. Almost at the same time, he published Revolution on the Pampas: A Social History of Argentina Wheat (1964), a monograph that added a new dimension to the city and country relationship. The book, Buenos Aires, Plaza to Suburb, 1870-1910 (1974), a sophisticated analysis of the rise of a city, put Scobie in the front ranks of urban historians of Latin America. At the time of his death, he was completing a comparative study of four provincial Argentine cities, again a landmark in Latin American urban history.

But, to underline again, Scobie was more than just a scholar and teacher. A dedicated academic, he gave much of his time to the profession, always attempting to better the teaching of history, its writing and the quality of journals in the field. Known for his sober and commonsense approach, colleagues sought him out for membership in committees, of the American

Historical Association, the Conference on Latin American History, the Pacific Coast Council on Latin American Studies, the Latin American Studies Association, the Pan American Institute of Geography and History and the Organization of American States. In the 1970s, he was chairman of CLAH, the national association for historians of Latin America in the United States. While serving on committees, participating in sessions at meetings of scholars, helping to develop programs and to provide leadership, he found time to collaborate with the Hispanic American Historical Review, the American Historical Review and the Latin American Research Review.

First and foremost a fine human being, James R. Scobie will be remembered in the hearts of his friends for his loyalty and help eagerly given to them. With his death, the field of Latin American history suffered the loss of a fine colleague, scholar and teacher and, above all, a friend.

Aaron V. Cicourel Paul Drake Ramon E. Ruiz


Kenneth Gordon Scott, Radiology: San Francisco

Professor of Experimental Radiology, Emeritus

Kenneth Scott was born in Douglas, Arizona, February 16, 1909. He entered Berkeley in 1930 and spent the remainder of his career with the University. He received the doctorate degree in physiology in 1948. During the period after graduation in 1934 Ken worked as a research assistant in the department of physiology. In 1936 he pioneered the study of the effects of radiophosphorus on blood cells and began what was to become a lifelong interest in radioactivity and in metabolism studied by using radioactive tracers. During the decade between 1940 and 1950 he became a close associate of Joseph Hamilton. They engaged in the separation of elements found in the irradiated targets from the cyclotron. After chemical separation and purification of these radionuclides, Hamilton and Scott studied their metabolic pathways in animals. In those early days working with plutonium and other radioactive elements was truly pioneering investigation. The irradiated targets were intensely radioactive and the procedures were poorly defined. Safety was not as rigorous as present standards would require. Hamilton died of a disease thought to be related to his exposure to radiation and Scott had marked bone marrow depression. The work they performed was of great value to the Manhattan Project and the war effort but it is very likely that both men paid the price of working while exposed to ionizing radiation. Scott worked for the Atomic Energy Commission during the Bikini tests and served the Navy and other government agencies as a consultant during his tenure with the University.

In 1946 Ken began a relationship with the Department of Radiology at the San Francisco campus. A new building was constructed and a section of it was assigned to the Radioactivity Research Center with him as director, beginning in 1951. It was envisioned that research with radioactive isotopes on campus would be done in this section of the building and regular laboratories would not have to use them. But the developing role of radiotracers in biomedical research was largely underestimated at that time. At this time there are over 350 locations at UCSF where radioactive isotopes

are used in research. While the role of the radioactivity center for the containment of the use of radioactive materials on campus did not develop as planned, the role of Scott as a teacher and leader in the development of the use of radioactivity in research intensified and increased in scope and importance with each passing year. From 1950 until his retirement in 1971 as professor of experimental radiobiology, he had taught several hundred students and faculty in basic techniques of research with radioactivity and had consulted in many research projects. It was possible to take his course either in a class, with a few students or as a tutorial, working alone and being guided by the professor or his associates. In addition, there was always an active research program in his laboratory, searching for the means to elucidate the metabolism of cancer and probing for the mechanism that might make radiation localize in tumors.

Scott was a member of the first statewide Radiation Safety Committee that developed the program now used on every campus of the University and associated laboratories. In 1956 he was commended by the Navy for his work at the Bikini tests. In 1970 he received the Annual Distinguished Scientist Award from the Northern and Southern Chapters of the Society of Nuclear Medicine for his outstanding contributions in the field of Nuclear Medicine.

Ken was compassionate, loved the outdoors and in his retirement, planned summer home in northern California near Dunsmuir where he went to high school, in some ways a return to his roots.

Between these times he became a pioneer, a teacher and an investigator in research with many first in his bio-bibliography. No history of the use of radioactive isotopes will be complete without his contribution.

Reynold F. Brown Chin-Tzu Peng


John P. Seward, Psychology: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

John Seward was born April 24, 1905 in New York City the son of J. Perry and Eadith de Charmes Seward. His father was a well-known and successful physician and his mother was an accomplished professional actress. He was the great grand nephew of President Lincoln's Secretary of State, William Henry Seward, a staunch abolitionist, and former governor of New York best known for “Seward's folly,” the purchase of Alaska from Russia.

John Seward attended Cornell University, initially with an interest in forestry. His later shift to psychology was unrelated to the presence on the faculty of several prominent psychologists, the most famous of whom was E. B. Titchener. After graduating from Cornell in 1926, John went to Columbia University to pursue his developing interest in psychology, receiving his Ph.D. in 1931.

The basic inspiration for his life-long absorption with the mechanism of reinforcement came from Leonard T. Troland's formulation of the law of effect in an early work, Mystery of Mind. At Columbia, John came under the tutelage of Robert S. Woodworth and Gardner Murphy, for both of whom he served as assistant. This was a period of intellectual excitement and growth at Columbia, with its many challenging young graduate students and instructors, among them, Georgene Hoffman who became John's wife in 1927.

John published his dissertation, “The effect of practice on the visual perception of form” in 1931 in the Archives of Psychology, Woodworth's journal. The diversity of John's early publications reflects the eclectic influence of Woodworth, Columbia, and the times. For example, in 1934 John and Georgene published one of the first studies on habituation of the GSR to electric shock, an early study of what later came to be considered a manifestation of an orienting reflex. In 1936 they published an extensive paper describing the effects of alcohol on complex processes, a study which encountered no difficulty in execution even though it was conducted during prohibition. During the period that John served on the Columbia faculty, 1931-1937, and for some time afterwards, the Sewards formed a fruitful

association with G. N. Papanicolaou of Cornell Medical School, the developer of the Pap test. This relationship resulted in a series of experimental papers on reproductive behavior and the influence of hormones on behavior. In 1932, 1933, and again in 1936, the Sewards spent summer sessions with Karl Muenzinger at the University of Colorado. Muenzinger's influence helped solidify and broaden John's interest in the law of effect in particular and the problems of learning in general. But advancement at Columbia was impossible. There was one senior position in the area of animal learning and behavior and that was filled by Carl Warden. The Sewards therefore moved to Connecticut College in 1937. They continued collaborative research, primarily on problems of sex drive and the influence of hormones on behavior.

Seward's interests developed a focus on learning and the conditions of reinforcement in the late 1930s, a direction that became the major area of his research and theorizing for the remainder of his life. His first publication in this area was in 1942, a test of Guthrie's theory of reinforcement. The paper was characteristic of all of this work in the area. It was a clever experimental design yielding results of theoretical import described in a clear and concise manner. Because of his great interest in learning, Seward spent the academic year 1944-45 with Clark L. Hull at Yale University as visiting research fellow and assistant professor. This was a major turning point in his career, since Hull exerted the greatest influence on his intellectual life, the nature of his theorizing, and the direction of his future research.

Although Connecticut was a fine undergraduate college, John missed having graduate students and the resources available at a large university. The Sewards moved. After one year at Boston University John joined the faculty at UCLA in 1946. There followed a series of important papers on learning and problems of reinforcement. During the late '40s and the '50s he became known as a major contributor to learning theory, especially for his efforts at reconciling the theories of Tolman and Hull, the two major theorists of the time. His experiments often took the shape of studies of latent learning. His theoretical work, especially his 1947 paper, “A theoretical derivation of latent learning,” was quite extraordinary in that it drew the praise of both Hull and Tolman.

He attempted to integrate the two behavioristic theories, one cognitive, the other S-R. But he realized something was missing. In an effort to find that “something” necessary to adequately account for learned behavior he introduced the concept of tertiary conditioning. But Seward was still not satisfied. He was especially dissatisfied with limiting his observations to the behavioral level. Perhaps his earlier training and research combining biology and behavior enabled him to realize the limitations of the standard behavioral laboratory rat experiment in serving as a model for general laws of learning. He came to realize that a learning theory limited entirely to behavioral studies was unduly restrictive. He was impressed with the work

of James Olds and so he and his students conducted several studies on brain stimulation. He published jointly with Olds in 1960. Seward and his students also conducted studies of simultaneous conditioning of heart rate and instrumental behavior, examining the interrelationships between classical and instrumental conditioning.

Seward visited Jerzy Konorski's laboratory in Warsaw in 1961. It reaffirmed his belief in the need for a broader perspective on conditioning and learning and the importance of considering physiological variables in an integrative account of behavioral change. He later visited the ethology laboratories of Konrad Lorenz, W. H. Thorpe, and others, increasing his conviction of the importance of considering the broader biological and behavioral context of the kind of learning that is typically studied in the laboratory. His was an ongoing quest for knowledge and the attempt to do justice to the complexity of learning and motivation.

Following his retirement from UCLA in 1972 John continued in research and returned to an active collaboration with Georgene who was then a professor at the University of Southern California. Their research concerned sex differences in behavior and socialization. One book followed from this collaborative research. A second remains unfinished, interrupted by John's death.

A brief account of accomplishments, publications, and visits to laboratories cannot begin to convey the more personal dimensions of John Seward. He was a devoted and supportive parent and husband. He was beloved by all who were fortunate to know him intimately, because he was extraordinarily open and loving, with a complete absence of malice or cant. He was a humble self-effacing man who learned much, and suffered much. A terrible blow to John and Georgene was the loss of their beautiful and talented daughter Barbara in the full bloom of young adulthood. The Loyalty Oath controversy in the University of California in the late '40s and early '50s also profoundly distressed him. In the face of adversity it was characteristic of John to follow the motto of Odysseus: “Strap yourself to the mast and ride out the storm.”

John Seward died in Los Angeles on March 10, 1985 of a heart attack. His physical loss is irreplaceable. But his wife Georgene, his brother Ralph, his daughter Jerry, her three children and all who knew him, will always have their cherished memories of John and the warm feelings that come from the knowledge that his life was lived with character, respect for all, and unbounded love for those he cherished most. We all miss him.

Andy Comrey Joseph Gengerelli George Mount Irving Maltzman


Francis Parker Shepard, Geosciences: San Diego

Professor of Submarine Geology

Dr. Francis P. Shepard, who was widely recognized as “The Father of Marine Geology,” died April 25, 1985, at his home in La Jolla, California. He had been affiliated with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California at San Diego for nearly 50 years. Fran, as he was known to his friends, received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1919 and his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1922. His studies and his training as a scientist were influenced by R. A. Daly at Harvard and R. D. Salisbury and R. T. Chamberlain at Chicago. He seems to have been greatly influenced by Chamberlain, because he did his thesis on the Rocky Mountain Trench and worked principally in structural geology for the next decade. He served as an assistant professor to professor of geology at the University of Illinois from 1922 until 1942.

We have taken some of our comments regarding Fran's early development of interest in marine geology from notes he wrote shortly before his death. “My start might be called an accident of birth.” Whereas he had spent several summers doing field work in the Rocky Mountains, in 1923, when his wife Elizabeth was expecting their first child, he chose to stay closer to her at his family home in Marble Head, Massachusetts. His yachtsman father had suggested that he might like to spend that summer with him using his sailing yacht to collect sea floor samples. His studies failed to confirm what was supposed to be “a firmly established principle of sedimentation,” namely, that sediments become finer with distance from shore and increasing depth of water. “I suppose that I was a rebel at heart, like so many young men, and I took great joy in trying to point out this peculiarity to skeptical audiences at the Geological Society of America meetings. I guess that few took the matter very seriously at that time.” Now, all accept the fact that a rise in sea level has left coarse near-shore sands as drowned relics far off shore. Fran's talent for upsetting cherished dogma with simple field data showed early and lasted a lifetime.

Fran continued to publish principally on structural geology for most of the next decade, questioning the theory of periodic diastrophism, reporting

on experiments in folding, and proclaiming a belief in a shrinking earth. His first publication on marine geology, in 1927, was an abstract on the “Influence of Oscillating Sea Level on the Development of the Continental Shelf.” In 1932 he published a major paper on the sediments of the continental shelves, resulting from that early sampling from his father's yacht.

During those early years at the University of Illinois, another “trick of fate” started his study of submarine canyons. In Illinois a graduate student's master's thesis on the Hudson submarine canyon caught his eye. Intrigued at “what a curious thing it was to find canyon-like valleys on the sea floor,” he began studying published navigation charts and discovered that canyons were common off many coasts of the world, including the coasts off California. He first studied the submarine canyon off George's Bank in 1929 with the Coast & Geodetic Survey. In 1933 he took a sabbatical leave from Illinois and started to work on California canyons. In 1936 the president of the Geological Society of America, having heard of his work, suggested to Fran that he apply to the Society for large grant for further work on the canyons. The director of Scripps at that time, Harald Sverdrup, needed operating funds for the newly acquired research vessel E. W. Scripps. The grant, $10,000, the largest ever given by the GSA in prewar years, operated the E. W. Scripps for six months, provided the necessary scientific equipment, and employed two of his graduate students, R. S. Dietz and K. O. Emery, as assistants. Both went on to achieve fame in marine geology comparable to that of their mentor.

Fran's formal affiliation with Scripps and the University of California started with his canyon studies in 1937. While still on the faculty of the University of Illinois, he spent his summers at Scripps until 1942, when he joined the University of California Division of War Research, and assisted the Navy in development of continental shelf bottom sediment charts for use in submarine warfare. In 1945 he became a professor at the Scripps Institution, a role which he continued until his formal retirement in 1966.

In Fran's words, “what you might call an act of God gave me my next undertaking.” He and his wife were vacationing in Hawaii in 1946, combining swimming and snorkeling over the reefs with writing the first edition of his famous textbook, Submarine Geology, when an earthquake in the Aleutian Trench caused a major tsunami. With his typical enthusiasm, Fran photographed the tsunami before having to retreat to the protection of the limbs of an ironwood tree, while the waves distributed his notes and manuscripts all over the sugar cane fields behind their cottage.

Fran's career was dotted with exciting events, most of which Fran treated as serendipitous. He characteristically followed up on all that occurred and all that he observed, and he observed a great deal. Especially in his later years, he and his beloved wife Elizabeth traveled extensively. They surveyed

many of the coastlines of the world; they went as guests aboard research vessels; and Fran was showered with major honors. He was an honorary member of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, the Natural History Society of Lausaunne, Switzerland, and the Netherlands Geological Society. He received the Wollaston Medal from the Geological Society of London and the Sorby Medal of the International Association of Sedimentologists. He was President of the International Association of Sedimentologists and he received honorary doctorates from Beloit College and the University of Southern California. The Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists each year presents one of its major medals, the Francis P. Shepard medal, for excellence in marine geology.

Fran was an observational, not an armchair geologist. He disdained the theoretician who never went to sea nor looked at charts or samples; he made his own observations. With his boundless energy, he overwhelmed his opposition, not just with data and observations, but in publications. While he will not be remembered as primarily an idea man who formulated great new hypotheses to explain the earth, he will be remembered for his challenging of authority by observing the earth and backing his reports with massive amounts of data. He was dedicated to scientific inquiry. His hobby was his work, and he wasted no time with idle activities such as watching football games or playing cards. His sport was swimming and observing the sea floor, equipped with fins, mask, snorkel, and his sharp eyes.

Fran conveyed his enthusiasm to all around him, and attracted a host of graduate students over his long years of teaching. To them and to his colleagues and associates, he was ever a kindly and generous friend. His manner was gentle, even courtly. Among his honors was a preretirement banquet when a group of his former students dedicated a collection of papers to him. That was in 1964 and Fran's productivity as a scientist outlasted many of those students.

Fran continued to work long after his formal retirement in 1966, spending at least part of every weekday in his office, until frailty and illness made his visits less frequent during his last few months. Even then, he continued working, literally until the day before his death, with publication of about 230 scientific papers and 10 books.

Joseph R. Curray Douglas L. Inman Edward L. Winterer


Arthur Hanett Sherry, Law; Criminology: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

On June 29, 1986 the legal community lost one of its most beloved members, Professor Arthur Hanett Sherry. He had a long multifaceted and distinguished career as deputy district attorney, assistant attorney general, and professor of law at both Boalt Hall and Hastings College of Law and a record of continued efforts at reform of both state and federal criminal law.

Arthur was a native of Berkeley and his entire educational and professional career was centered in the San Francisco Bay area. He received the bachelor of arts degree from St. Marys College at Moraga and his juris doctor degree from Boalt Hall in 1932. Upon admission to the California Bar, he joined the staff of Alameda County District Attorney Earl Warren. He showed exceptional talents in the investigation and enforcement of criminal law and became known as an especially able and firm but fair-minded prosecutor. Except for the period of service as lieutenant colonel in the Air Transport Command of the Army Air Corps during World War II (1942-1945), he was a member of the District Attorney's Office through 1950. In 1951 he became chief assistant attorney general of California under then- Attorney General Edmund G. Brown.

In 1953 he accepted appointment as a member of the Boalt faculty and taught mainly criminal law and evidence until his retirement in 1976. In 1973 he was appointed to the Walter Perry Johnson Chair of Law at Boalt. In addition to his very substantial contribution to the students at Boalt and his many contributions to the work of the University, including a stint as acting dean of the School of Criminology, he continued to be active in many civic projects. These included service on the California Crime Study Commission, ten years as head of an advisory commission on the modernization of California's criminal statistics, a California study on insanity and the criminal offender, and the direction of a project aimed at revision of the California penal code. For the American Bar Association, he directed a national survey on the administration of criminal justice.


He initiated at Boalt Hall the Institute for District and Prosecuting Attorneys, the Institute for California Judges, and other valuable projects which materially enhanced the quality of the practice and judging of law. Upon retirement from Boalt, he accepted appointment to the Hastings College of Law's renowned “65 Club” and taught at Hastings until his final retirement in 1985.

Arthur was a sound lawyer, an effective teacher, and a dedicated scholar. But enumerating these attributes only gives us a very small part of his dimension as an individual. He was a person of very wide interests. He was concerned with what was happening in the world, in his community, and in the welfare of those who peopled it. He was a voracious reader and had a broad interest in any area of worthwhile consideration. His relationship to the law encompassed not only his principal field of criminal law but nearly every phase of the law, and he was knowledgeable about areas of the law far removed from his own specialty. It was refreshing to put a question to Arthur about some problem of civil law and to find not only that he knew a lot about the development of law in that area but also to obtain his very perceptive analysis of the issue involved in the particular matter. Discussions in the realms of history, literature, politics, or current events inevitably produced similar results.

Arthur's writings had a major effect on developments in criminal law. His work on the California Penal Code and on the American Bar Association projects and the reports issued, exerted a very important and pervasive influence. His article, “Vagrants, Rogues and Vagabonds” (48 Calif. L.R. 1) was the major impetus throughout the United States for changes improving the laws pertaining to vagrancy while retaining the basic elements necessary to adequate law enforcement. Other articles and his contributions to symposiums and conferences also have been important in bringing about needed reforms in criminal law.

In addition to his intellectual interests, Arthur had many other pursuits. His spare time was devoted to his garden, on which he lavished much energy and love. He was a gracious and entertaining host, a fine judge of wine (and martinis) and a knowledgeable follower of college and professional sports.

People were always a prime interest. He liked people, wanted to know what they were doing and thinking and what were their problems and needs. His home was a favorite spot for many of us, and gathering there or at other places with the Sherrys was always a joyful occasion. The grace, wit, and charm of Arthur and his wife Mary Ellen made any gathering memorable.

His family was always a paramount element in Arthur's activities, and he was concerned at all times with those things important to Mary Ellen and his three daughters, Suzanne, Judy, and Virginia.


Arthur was an inspiration to his students and colleagues. His personality and his contributions to the law will long be remembered.

Bernard Diamond Richard Jennings Raymond Sullivan Adrian Kragen


G. Douglas Silva, Dentistry: Los Angeles


George Douglas Silva was an outstanding member of the UCLA faculty. He was a man with a strong personality, a powerful will, and a strong sense of autonomy and independence. He was known for his inexhaustible intellectual energy, an insatiable desire for knowledge and discovery, and a need to achieve excellence in all that he did. This intellectual drive led him to seek education and training in four continents: Africa, Europe, Australia and North America, and to become expert in three disciplines: oral medicine, anatomy, and dermatology.

Born in Pretoria, South Africa, he interrupted his education at the age of 17 to become a World War II fighter pilot. After his plane was shot down over France, he avoided capture for three weeks, returned to operational duty, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. When the war ended, he trained as a dentist at the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa (D.D.S.), and subsequently developed a private dental practice in Durban. This proved intellectually unsatisfying, so in 1953 he went to London to broaden his training. After achieving an advanced qualification in Dentistry (F.D.S.), he studied medicine at the University of London, fulfilling all the requirements for the L.R.C.P. (London) and the M.R.C.S. (Eng.).

In 1963, he accepted a position as senior lecturer in dentistry at the University of Western Australia in Perth, and began collaborative epidemiologic studies correlating the incidence of dental caries in aboriginal and caucasian children with fluoride content in their drinking water. One year later Dr. Silva moved to the Department of Anatomy at Monash University in Victoria. There he acquired skills in electron microscopy which led to his ultrastructural studies of the innervation of the uterus, vas deferens, colon, heart, and also described the fine structures of the articular cartilage of the temporal mandibular joint. During a sabbatical year in the department of Anatomy at UCLA in 1968, Silva attracted the attention of the School of Dentistry and was recruited as a professor with primary

responsibility in the Division of Oral Medicine, which he headed for several years. He brought to the school a diversity of knowledge which encompassed basic sciences, clinical medicine, and dentistry. In subsequent years he held a joint appointment as professor of anatomy in the School of Medicine and professor of oral medicine in the School of Dentistry.

In the School of Dentistry, he planned and implemented courses in internal medicine and physical diagnosis. Although all dental schools in the U.S. have similar courses in their educational programs today, such courses were very novel additions in the 1970s. At UCLA, Silva also continued to extend his investigations of smooth muscle innervation with studies of the ductus arteriosus, small intestine, trachea, bronchi, and coronary arteries. The overlap between diseases of the oral mucosa and the skin led him to train and specialize in dermatology (Diplomate of the American Board of Dermatology), and to begin ultrastructural studies of a variety of skin lesions.

Douglas will be remembered as a kind, generous, and cheerful person. He was always ready to take time from his many responsibilities to share his unparalleled experience in clinical medicine, research, and academic life. Above all, he maintained an open door and was always available to discuss research and clinical matters with his colleagues, and to counsel and assist his students. He had a remarkable ability to judge character and to summarize events, both academic and social. He will be sorely missed by the faculty, staff, and students of the Dental School and by many colleagues and friends throughout the Medical School, particularly in the departments of Anatomy, Physiology, and Medicine.

Dr. Silva is survived by his wife, Dr. Georgette Silva, director of computer education at Marymount High School, and by his four children: Dr. Louisa Silva, a medical practitioner in Salem, Oregon; Dr. Paul Silva, a reproductive endocrinologist at USC; Andrew Silva, a first-year dental student at Creighton University; Monique Silva, a second-year student at UCLA; and three grandchildren: Julie, Jennie, and Rhoie.

Gordon Ross Michael McCann Frank Lucatorto


Henry Nash Smith, English: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Although Henry Nash Smith will be remembered as the most distinguished mind of the American Studies movement, his friends and colleagues knew him additionally as a generous and gracious companion. Born September 29, 1906, he was 79 when he died in an automobile accident in Nevada.

All his life Henry had a deep and somewhat equivocal relationship with the American West, and especially with Texas. Born and brought up in Dallas, he graduated from Southern Methodist University at 18. After a year, he went to Harvard where he took a master's degree. Dissatisfied with the philological emphasis of graduate studies there, he returned to Dallas to teach at S.M.U. While carrying a teaching load of four courses a term in the English department, he also assisted Joseph McGinnis, whom he greatly admired, in editing the Southwest Review as well as the book page of the Dallas Morning News. Writing political pieces, cultural analyses, and book reviews, Henry made a major effort to distinguish between a valid identity for his region on the one hand and a sentimental or boastful provincialism on the other.

The first of several crises over academic and literary freedom that were to mark Henry's career occurred when he was involved in publishing a story by William Faulkner which university authorities considered obscene. His chairman tried to have him dismissed, but local support led to an uneasy compromise in which Henry was transferred to the Comparative Literature department.

In 1937, having learned of Harvard's creation of a new program in American Civilization, Henry returned to Cambridge. His doctoral dissertation focussed on Eastern perceptions of the West; then over the next decade, it broadened into a powerful and original book, Virgin Land. While at work on this demanding project, Henry again taught briefly at S.M.U., then moved in 1942 to the University of Texas. In 1944 at Austin, he became once more involved in a major struggle over academic freedom, the president of the university having come under heavy attack, in part for

permitting a Dos Passos novel to be assigned to undergraduates. In 1945, unable to make progress on his book, Henry was rescued by a visiting appointment at Harvard, followed by a fellowship at the Huntington Library. When he returned to teaching in 1947, it was at the University of Minnesota.

Long eagerly awaited, Virgin Land finally appeared in 1950 and quickly won both the Bancroft and the John H. Dunning prizes in American history. The book was based on voluminous research in a great diversity of materials, ranging from government documents to travellers' diaries to dime novels. With these, Henry built an understanding of certain images and myths of the West that were so powerfully embedded in the national imagination that they affected both legislation and social behavior, even when they diverged from continental actualities.

Virgin Land firmly established Henry as a critic and cultural historian of international renown. It also brought him an invitation in 1953 to join Berkeley's English Department and to assume the editorship of the Mark Twain papers. Under his guidance, the Mark Twain Project in collaboration with the University of California Press undertook a large and successful program that involved the publication of much manuscript material as well as the scrupulous and informed editing of those of Twain's books already in print. This elaborate enterprise required organizational planning, extensive negotiations, and the selection and supervision of a technical staff. At the same time, Henry carried on a vigorous teaching program. Numerous graduate students remember and value his scrupulous, humane, and never intrusive supervision.

Henry's subsequent publications began with an edition of Twain's surviving contributions to Nevada journalism in Mark Twain of the Enterprise (1957). In 1960, he and William Gibson published the two-volume Mark Twain-Howells' Letters, 1872-1910, a model of detailed and insightful editing. Henry's own ideas on Twain were set out in Mark Twain: The Development of a Writer (1962). In this study, he traced Twain's coming to terms with the vernacular, understood not as language alone, but as a whole complex of ideas and attitudes that Twain first absorbed in his Hannibal childhood and then gradually learned to trust and refine until he achieved a masterpiece of vernacular prose in Huckleberry Finn. Two years later, Henry elaborated his thoughts about a single book in Mark Twain's Fable of Progress: Political and Economic Ideas in “A Connecticut Yankee.”

During these years of urgent intellectual work, Henry also chaired the Department of English (1957-60) and was elected president of the Modern Language Association (1968-69). In 1964-65, he was Fulbright Lecturer in Italy, France, Yugoslavia, and the United Kingdom, and in 1965, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. After his retirement in 1974, he continued to lecture, teach, and write. In 1978, he brought out his last book, Democracy and the Novel. Its title bears witness

to Henry's lifelong immersion in the complex relations between literary culture and a democratic society.

During the difficult years that began with the Free Speech Movement in 1964, Henry labored incessantly to find practical and humane solutions to the issues dividing the University, while sustaining his lifelong commitments to freedom of expression and intellectual honesty. Even those colleagues who contested his views appreciated his courtesy and integrity in debate.

Beyond the formalities of a professional life, Henry and his wife, Elinor Lucas Smith, took much pleasure from the attainments, especially those in music, of their children, Mayne, Janet, and Harriet. At the same time, Henry maintained many friendships both in and outside the university community, for he was invariably accessible to any who shared his zest for ideas.

Richard Bridgman James D. Hart Robert Hirst Henry F. May


John E. Smith: Irvine

University Librarian, Emeritus

It was with deep sadness that the UCI Library staff and faculty learned of the death of founding University Librarian, John E. Smith, on July 28, 1986. After coming to UCI in 1963, two years before the campus officially opened, John directed the development of the library until his retirement in January 1979. He was subsequently honored with the designation of University Librarian, Emeritus.

John dearly loved librarianship which he pursued with dedication for 39 years. His Certificate of Librarianship from UC Berkeley (1940) was to take him through a rich and varied career. His initial position as a junior professional librarian for the Library Association of Portland was followed by an appointment as junior professional in the United States Department of Agriculture Library (1941-42). From agriculture, he moved into the field of business and labor serving as the first librarian of the newly formed Institute of Industrial Relations at UCLA. He left UCLA for a period in the U.S. Army Medical Department then returned in 1949 to head the acquisitions department until January, 1952. Moving away from the academic world, John spent a notable decade in the position of chief librarian for the City and County of Santa Barbara (1952-1961), followed by two years on the other side of the globe as the advisor for library resources and training for the USC Department of Public Administration's Pakistan Project.

In August, 1963, John accepted Chancellor Daniel G. Aldrich Jr.'s invitation to become university librarian at UCI. During his tenure here, John was instrumental in building our collections. Based on the original 75,000 volumes gathered at UC San Diego for each of the newly planned campuses (Irvine, San Diego, and Santa Cruz), the collection grew to more than 800,000 volumes and 12,400 journals at the time of his retirement.

The significance of John's contributions to the library extended far beyond the development of a fine collection. His management style reflected his personal concern for individuals and, within broad guidelines, he allowed library managers to function with a degree of freedom rarely found elsewhere.

One of his staff members remembers John as a person who knew each staff member by first name and treated each equally. She admired and respected these qualities in addition to John's special sense of humor. Another staff member summarizes her memories of him as “warm, witty, and well-met.” This personal and professional concern for library employees was also demonstrated by the fact that John encouraged and supported the establishment of a Library Staff Association, the Library Support Staff Association, and the Irvine Division of the Librarians' Association of the University of California.

John was equally admired by the faculty. He was always willing and eager to provide resources for the purchase of special collections and interacted with the faculty on a collegial basis. He regularly attended Senate mettings and played a very active role on the Senate Library Committee.

John's accomplishments were not limited to his places of employment. During his long career, he was an active member of both the California Library Association (CLA) and the American Library Association (ALA) and he held numerous offices in both organizations. Intellectual freedom was John's passionate concern in professional as well as personal circles. He was a member of CLA's Intellectual Freedom Committee and served as its chair in 1950-1951. His commitment to intellectual freedom stretched beyond active participation in the movements in CLA and ALA. Although he was a librarian, John was a leader in UCLA's Faculty Committee for Responsible University Government, an organization formed to support those who steadfastly opposed the infamous Loyalty Oath imposed upon UC faculty during the McCarthy era.

John knew early on that the development and growth of the UCI Library collection would need support and help. One of his earliest objectives was to see to the formation of a Friends of the Library organization. This must have been done with style, for within the first week after a public announcement, some 10,000 members of the community joined the new Friends organization. It was by far the largest library support group ever known! Now that the seriousness of the Friends' objectives are known, however, its mailing list numbers about 3,200 names. John's great admiration and respect for the Friends of the Library, and for the support which it provided during his tenure, continued to be evident in his work for and participation in the Friends group long after his retirement. John's intellectual curiosity and interest in human knowledge and thought knew no bounds, evidenced by one of his final wishes that those wishing to do so make contributions to the Friends of the UCI Library for the purchase of books (not computers!) with no subject limitations.

John's friends and colleagues will long remember him as one of that generation of librarians who fiercely defended the rights of individuals to think for themselves and to have access to the treasure troves that record

the best of human endeavor and thought. He has left his personal and professional imprints on many of us, not only at UCI but throughout the country and other parts of the world. John is survived by his constant and faithful companion, Lucille, mainstay and pillar of support for some 40 years, and his loving children, Michael, Diana, and Douglas.

Calvin Boyer Seymour Menton Henry Cord Meyer


Edward A. Smuckler, Pathology: San Francisco


Ed was a big man. He was physically imposing and his appetite for life matched his size. He didn't know how to do anything half way. He loved and hated in style. Ed was furious when he discovered that someone in Seattle had characterized him as a bull in a china shop. But Ed was a bull in a china shop; a bull with a very delicate touch. He loved to rattle the china but he was ever so careful not to break the good pieces. He loved medicine and science. He hated cant, hypocrisy, and pretense as stumbling blocks to truth--and he didn't hide it.

Edward Aaron Smuckler was born in New York City. He attended Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, receiving a bachelor's degree in chemistry in 1952. He maintained an abiding interest in Dartmouth as an educational institution and was proud of the fact that two of his five children, a son and a daughter, attended Dartmouth. He was rooted to the notion that a liberal arts undergraduate education should provide the openness, breadth, and change to appropriately shape the dimensions of a postgraduate life. He always felt that Dartmouth accomplished this for him. In 1952 he entered Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. After graduating with an M.D. degree in 1956, he served as an intern at the U.S. Naval Hospital, now the National Medical Center, in Bethesda, Maryland, followed by two years of military service as a senior medical officer in the NORPAC Sub area. In 1959, while in the Navy, shuttling back and forth between Bremerton, Washington and Yokohama, Japan, Ed went to see Earl Benditt, chairman of pathology at the University of Washington. Ed had developed a special interest in pathology as an undergraduate and was eager to further his career in research. While still in the Navy, he began to refurbish his math and physical chemistry skills, preparatory to embarking on a Ph.D. program. He then went on to receive a Ph.D. in experimental pathology from the University of Washington in Seattle, joining the faculty there as an instructor in pathology in 1961.

For 17 years Ed was a dynamic force there. There was never a challenge from which Ed shrunk. He ran the Medical Technology Program, established

the Liver Biopsy Service, directed the sophomore pathology course, served on the school's Admissions Committee, helped design the school-wide teaching labs, was instrumental in developing the Washington, Alaska, Montana, Idaho, (WAMI) teaching program, and raised funds for construction of the Gottstein Laboratory, later becoming its director. By the time he left the University of Washington to take on the chairmanship of the Department of Pathology at the University of California, San Francisco, he undeniably had left his mark, felt not only in that University but nationwide.

Ed had emerged as one of the first and most illustrious of the modern experimental pathologists who saw the power that basic science techniques offer for the study of disease. He was a frequent consultant on the effects of toxic substances and became known internationally for his contributions to research on the nature of carcinogens and the effects of toxic substances on the liver. Ed became active in numerous national and international pathology organizations, the American Cancer Society, and national and state panels reviewing environmental carcinogens and their effects on humans and animals. However, when he was a candidate for a senior faculty position in Denver, he was told by the chairman, Barry Pierce, that the position would not be offered to him. As shock and disbelief came over his face, Pierce told him why--he believed that Ed needed to run his own department and get cracking on his own.

Ed Smuckler then came to San Francisco to put his dreams to work. In 1976 he was appointed as professor and chairman of pathology at the University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco. He guided the restructing and modernization of UCSF's Department of Pathology for 10 years, bringing international recognition in several areas of diagnosis and training. During this time, his international reputation as an expert on toxic and carcinogenic substances grew and he served the University in multiple ways. His scientific eminence, administrative talent, and personal aura provided a rare combination of qualifications that accounted for his exceptional success as a departmental chairman and academic leader. In addition to devoting himself so fully to the department and to the school, he was a member of the National Research Council's Pesticide Information Review and Evaluation Committee; the Scientific Advisory Panel, Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act through the Environmental Protection Agency; the California Medical Association's Pathology Advisory Agency; the Pesticide Advisory Council, State of California Food and Agricultural Department; the Committee on Toxicology of the National Academy of Science; and numerous other statewide and national committees. Through his concern and multiple positions as consultant and expert witness, he shaped, as well as monitored, the safety of the

environment for all of us. Through his position on the Council in the International Academy of Pathologists, and as the Chairman of the Graduate Education Committee of the Association of Pathology Chairmen, he also focused some of his limitless energy on the future of the discipline of pathology.

Ed loved to be in the thick of things. He involved himself in the development of many facets of University life and national issues, leaving his mark on a host of research areas, and University and Public Services. Ed was recognized as a positive force in academic pathology. Ebullient, critical, and outspoken, he provided a stimulus to all. Giving plentifully of his analytical talents, Ed was on the editorial board or an associate editor for 20 journals, including the American Journal of Pathology, Cancer Research, Ultrastructural Pathology, and Laboratory Investigation. He proved to be a thoughtful and wise reviewer on all, and the boards counted on Ed to brighten meetings with an endless array of stories, many of which related to skiing. His enjoyment of skiing matched his soaring spirit at the laboratory bench. As well as being the medical advisor of the National Ski Patrol System, Far West Division, he was the regional director of the Bay Area Region.

The demands of being chairman at UCSF, running a major department in a great medical school, neither mellowed nor wore down Ed's enthusiasm. He managed to remain a bench researcher. He liked the challenge of extracting from the behavior of the animal--its cells and its molecules--those bits of information from which theories and ultimately, truths are fashioned. He was successful. His studies of carbon tetrachloride toxicity, RNA polymerase, protein synthesis, and the transport of nuclear macromolecules were all distinguished by originality and attention to technique and detail. Few experimentalists have been capable of matching his mastery over the wide range of pathobiologic issues that he explored and was called upon to judge. He was endowed with great energy and enthusiasm, infectious to all those around him.

With several close friends he shared a deep common interest in pathology, a common salty humor, and a love for science. At his natural best in that group, Ed had a special way of looking at things, a way of seeing through to the heart of a problem and a great knack for keeping things straight. When a friend was down, Ed's great heart provided warmth and support. Ed would climb a mountain with that friend and get the problem all straightened out. We were lucky to have known Ed Smuckler, to have benefited from his friendship and his insights, and to be able to say, “We were his friends.”

A resident of Sausalito, he is survived by his wife, Bobbie Head, M.D., Ph.D., an oncology fellow at UCSF, and five children from a previous

marriage: Cynthia and Elizabeth, both of Santa Monica; Douglas, of Chicago; Alisoun Gensler, of Palo Alto, and Daniel of San Francisco.

E.P. Benditt D.S. Friend D. Lagunoff T. Miller G.B. Pierce R. Schmid S. Sell


John E. Snoke, Biological Chemistry: Los Angeles

Associate Professor

John E. Snoke, biochemist, man of principle, man of integrity, died on November 5, 1984. He was a man who settled only for the best from himself both in his work and play. He loved physical activity and he reached levels of performance beyond that of most of his colleagues and friends. He played tennis expertly until an elbow interfered. He had a passion for hiking in the mountains with supplies for a week or more on his back and he continued this until he wore out his companions. He took to bicycling later in life and typically set goals for himself. Several months before his death in a bicycling accident, he said that he was able to ride 200 miles in one day, a goal reached by few, and wryly complained that he missed the challenge of aiming for 300 miles because he limited himself to riding during daylight hours.

John was born in Buffalo, New York on May 17, 1921. After high school in Buffalo, where he was steered towards science by aptitude and interest, he enrolled at the University of Illinois and received a bachelor of science degree in chemistry in June of 1946. From Urbana he moved to Duke University at Durham for graduate training in biochemistry, resulting in a Ph.D. earned in record time, in June of 1949. He held the positions of research assistant and U.S. Public Health Service predoctoral fellow during the period of graduate work and became a U.S. public health service postdoctoral fellow for an additional year at Duke. The next move was to the Department of Biochemistry at The University of Chicago in the fall of 1950 to the post of research associate, first as instructor and next as assistant professor. He was appointed to the faculty in Biological Chemistry (then called Physiological Chemistry) at UCLA in 1954 where he spent the remainder of his career.

John Snoke was fascinated by enzymes and proteins. At Duke he worked with the noted biochemist, Hans Neurath, and did some first-class work on the specificity of a variety of proteolytic enzymes. His mentor during the post-doctoral years at Chicago was the future Nobel prize winner,

Konrad Bloch. In those days, how proteins were formed was a complete mystery. The two decided to examine the biosynthesis of a naturally occurring tripeptide, glutathione, as a model for the study of protein biosynthesis. They demonstrated the enzymatic formation of glutathione from a dipeptide, an amino acid, and an energy source, work which was immediately recognized to be of fundamental importance. John was a worthy colleague of Bloch, and indeed published some of his research of that period independently.

At UCLA, John vigorously continued his research interests in mechanisms of biosynthesis of proteins. He chose next as a model the peptide antibiotic, bacitracin. Over the years he and his students published a number of interesting papers on the organism that produces bacitracin, on the formation of this complex peptide and on requirements for its activity.

In the latter part of his career, John gave most of his time to teaching, particularly in the School of Dentistry. He was thorough and dedicated. He spent many hours in individual tutoring and counseling. He was highly effective. He was for three years in a row named by the students as the outstanding teacher in the School of Dentistry. He stimulated student performance to such an extent that on National Dental Board examinations, UCLA dental classes averaged near or at the top nationally in biochemistry. He served the University well in other ways, for example as member and a chair of the Admissions Committee for the School of Dentistry. He was influential too, in increasing the number of women and minority dental students to considerably higher levels at UCLA.

He was a busy man, never bored. He loved nature, and music, and literature. He was also an excellent photographer and took some remarkable pictures of flowers and outdoor scenes. He had a strong social conscience that never wavered, and at the same time he was optimistic and had a positive attitude to life. He was dedicated to his family and was a loyal and sensitive friend. It was a privilege to have known him.

Isaac Harary John Pierce


Francis A. Sooy, Otolaryngology: San Francisco

Chancellor Emeritus
Professor Emeritus

One of our most honored University faculty members, Francis A. Sooy, died in a private plane crash September 12, 1986 in the small Sacramento-San Joaquin River delta town of Rio Vista. It was an untimely death for this accomplished, adventuresome and busy man who at 71 was in excellent health and who had a boundless schedule of activities, including a busy otological practice, regular attendance at clinics at San Francisco General Hospital and at the University of California Hospital, the assembly of a mid-1930 replica of an Auburn speedster in his basement, the maintenance and riding of a stable of antique motorcycles which he had restored in previous years, his antique World War II Stearman biplane, restored to museum-piece specifications and which he frequently flew, season tickets for the football games of his beloved University of California Bears, fundfraising and administrative consulting roles for the University of California, and his family life with his wife Betty and his five children, all of whom live in the Bay Area. Sooy loved flying and he loved machinery; he knew the risks and limitations of both and discussed these freely and prophetically with his friends and colleagues on many occasions. Sooy was both a realist and a dreamer. Very few of us will dream such magnificent dreams nor make as many of them happen as did Frank Sooy. And very few of us his age or younger will pass from this earth with a busier agenda than he had.

Francis Sooy was a Californian first, last and always. Except for two years of active duty and combat service with the Navy during WWII, and his years of otolaryngology residency at Washington University, St. Louis in the 1940s, he spent all of his professional and teaching career in association with the University of California. He was born in 1915 in the little southern San Joaquin Valley town of Coalinga in the heyday of the early discovery and development of oil in the Bakersfield-Kern County area. His father, who was a graduate engineer from the University of California at Berkeley and who worked for the Standard Oil Company of California, died of

tuberculosis when Sooy was only three years of age, leaving Mrs. Sooy, who returned to teaching school, to raise Frank and his younger brother and to carry them through the difficult Depression years. Despite these handicaps and hardships, Frank went on to become a Phi Beta Kappa at the University of California, Berkeley, and subsequently at the UCSF School of Medicine he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha. His younger brother graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis and died in action during WWII.

Following duty with the Navy in WWII, Sooy entered private practice in San Francisco and joined the clinical faculty of the University of California, San Francisco. In 1958 he succeeded Lewis Morrison as chairman of the Division of Otolaryngology at UCSF. Shortly thereafter he joined the full-time faculty at UCSF and moved his practice to the University campus. During his tenure as program chairman at UCSF, Sooy built the program of his dreams by installing a full-time research laboratory service, a full-time speech and hearing science Ph.D. degree program, and an otolaryngology clinical department which was broadly based in the modern aspects of the field.

During these same years Sooy had great dreams for the University. The “turbulent 60s” were difficult times for the University with much student and general public unrest. As Sooy became increasingly involved in faculty and university committees and governance, his skills and credibility as an arbitrator, administrator and leader became widely recognized and in 1969 he was elected chairman of the Statewide Assembly of the Academic Senate. He also served as chairman of the Academic Council of the Assembly of the Academic Senate. His quietly effective and mature manner in these University leadership roles brought greater stability to the faculty and to its relationship with the University leadership, as well as the legislature. Sooy's success as a faculty leader led to his becoming the overwhelming choice of the regents in 1972 as the chancellor of the UCSF campus.

During his 10 years as chancellor of the UCSF campus, Sooy was responsible for a major expansion and modernization of the physical facilities including a new School of Dentistry and a major new hospital addition. During these same 10 years, UCSF achieved pre-eminence as a health science research institution. Sooy also made great strides at weaving the University into the social, economic and political fabric of the greater San Francisco community.

Throughout his remarkable academic and professional career, Frank Sooy's first love was always the specialty of otolaryngology. Even when he was chancellor of the UCSF campus, he maintained office hours and a regular surgical schedule, working Saturday mornings in the operating room and Saturday afternoons in his private practice office to minimize any interference his practice might have upon his weekday responsibilities

as chancellor. He was a superb otologist and a model physician. His patients loved him and his colleagues had the utmost respect for his clinical and surgical skills and judgment. Sooy was a member of virtually all of the major otolaryngology specialty societies and was president of many, including the Triological Society, the American Otological Society, the Society of University Otolaryngologists and the Collegium Oto-Rhino-Laryngologicum Amicitiae Sacram. He served as a member of the Board of Directors of the American Board of Otolaryngology for many years.

Frank Sooy has been variously referred to as a “Renaissance Man” and a “Man for All Seasons.” He did indeed have many interests and many talents. He gave greatly of himself to his patients, to his students, to otolaryngology and to his alma mater in ways that very few are privileged to serve. He will be missed by all who were fortunate to know him.

Roger Boles Robert H. Crede


Ronald Edward Talcott, Laboratory Medicine: San Francisco

Associate Professor

Ronald Talcott was born in Fort Dodge, Iowa. He spent his early years in Cedar City, Utah and Hastings, Nebraska.

He obtained his bachelor of science degree in pharmacy at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln. While there, he worked closely with S.J. Stohs in the Department of Medicinal Chemistry in the University of Nebraska Medical Center. It was Stohs who encouraged him to master careful scientific principles and to study for an advanced degree.

Professor Talcott completed his Ph.D. from the University of Nebraska in Pharmaceutical Sciences, and then did post-doctoral fellowship training at Yale University in Pharmacology and in Toxicology at the University of California, Berkeley. While at Berkeley, he worked closely with Eddie T. Wei, professor of health sciences in the School of Public Health at UC Berkeley. It was here that he began his studies of mutagenicity of hydroxyquinolines and related compounds. He also studied airborne mutagens as well as the activation by cytochrome p-450 system of carcinogens. In addition, he studied the basic mechanism of free radical toxicology of herbicides. After completing his post-graduate training at UC Berkeley, he then received a Visiting Scientist's Award in Vienna, Austria, working with Helmet Denk of the University of Vienna. He extended his earlier research endeavors by studying the effects of many different drugs and environmental chemicals on hepatic microsomal function.

Talcott joined the faculty of the University of California, Riverside as assistant professor in the Division of Toxicology and Physiology, where he identified impurities that were isolated from various pesticides that possessed mutagenic properties. He also examined the basic toxicology of organophosphate pesticides and identified mutagenic properties in various workplace aerosols.

He was recruited to enhance the basic toxicology program of the new Northern California Occupational Health Center and the Department of Laboratory Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco School

of Medicine. He was an outstanding scientist; he worked closely with graduate students and occupational medical residents. He taught many courses in toxicology and pharmacology and supervised several graduate students. He worked closely with professors Becker and Pond to examine carboxylesterase and its toxicological significance. He helped to identify the mechanism of organophosphate delayed neuropathy with professors Becker and Lotti. He was particularly interested in the mechanism of free radical injury induced by paraquat, diquat and menadione.

In all of his scientific endeavors, Talcott was scientifically critical and always appropriately skeptical. He was a quiet and private person who never sought praise for himself. He was a unique individual with many talents. He and his beloved wife Karen were tragically killed in an automobile accident. His sudden demise was a personal tragedy for all who worked with him daily, for his family, and for all of his colleagues and students. A special scientific symposium published in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health concerning quiniones as mutagens, carcinogens and anti-cancer drugs was presented in his honor.

All of his professional colleagues realized his unique skills and considered it a privilege to work with him. Those who knew him personally recognized him as being warmhearted and thoughtful. Talcott was always a positive person who set high goals for himself and lived life to the fullest.

The staff and faculty of the Northern California Occupational Health Center at the San Francisco General Hospital have dedicated a research library in his name as a memorial to Talcott. In this library, there are copies of his papers, unique photos and copies of the special symposia in his honor. It is hoped that this small memorial will honor Professor Talcott's scientific contributions and his creative thinking.

Charles E. Becker


Robert Lyste Thornton, Physics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Robert L. Thornton, who died September 28, 1985, was born at Wooton, Bedfordshire, England, on November 29, 1908, the son of a mechanical engineer, Dudley L. Thornton, and his wife Katherine Foster. He was educated in Canada, where his family went in his youth, his father being employed by the Canadian Pacific Railroad. He attended McGill University for seven years, earning the B.Sc. degree in 1930 and obtaining the Ph.D. degree in physics, under the sponsorship of Stuart Foster, in 1933. His thesis research was on atomic spectroscopy and the Stark effect, an area successfully cultivated by his mentor. An account of this research appears in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Section A, Volume 150 (1935), with the title “Stark Intensities in a Canal-ray Source at Different Pressures”” ; both his experimental work and its comparison with theory are described.

He came to the Radiation Laboratory of the University of California at Berkeley in 1933 as a Morse Traveling Scholar from McGill. Most of his later career was connected with that Laboratory; however, he served as an instructor in Physics at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor from 1936 to 1938, where he went at the behest of Professor Ernest Lawrence of Berkeley to lead in the construction of a cyclotron. He also served as associate professor of physics at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, from 1940 to 1942, when he returned again to Berkeley.

The 1930s were years of intense cyclotron development at Berkeley under the leadership of Lawrence; Thornton soon became a prominent member of his team, due both to his technical proficiency and to his human qualities. His skills as a physicist are attested by his published work. He participated in early physics experiments at Berkeley using cyclotrons. One paper on such work (Physical Review, Volume 48 (1935)), with E. O. Lawrence and E. M. McMillan as co-authors, is of special interest because in a footnote these authors published for the first time the suggested name “cyclotron.” His papers on radioactivity of many isotopes published during

his Ann Arbor period, often in collaboration with Professor James M. Cork, added to the growing knowledge of nuclear systematics. However, his most important achievements were in cyclotron development. He worked initially on the 12-inch and 37-inch cyclotrons at Berkeley. At that time the art was highly empirical, having somewhat the character of an Edisonian enterprise. With the passage of time it became increasingly more scientific and sophisticated, the inventor's attitude giving way to that of the mathematical physicist and the high-technology engineer. Thornton's very substantial contributions throughout this period are, unfortunately, reflected only in short publications reporting the initial operation of the 60-inch and 184-inch cyclotrons.

In the intense environment of the Radiation Laboratory, his human qualities were of paramount importance. These were no doubt rooted in his early education, and manifested themselves in an exceptionally strong sense of fairness, respect for individuals no matter what their jobs or positions, and fundamental kindness. Many of those who worked there in those days could tell of friendly and generous acts by Thornton. As a small but typical example, one of us, somewhat older than Bob and removed from his previous job by unjust persecutions, was trying to adapt to the “Rad Lab.” Lawrence required that everyone share in maintenance jobs on the cyclotron, which included crawling into the cyclotron's basement to oil certain machinery. This unaccustomed task produced some bumps on the head of the new recruit until Bob most kindly hinted that this job was not suitable for him, and that Bob would do it himself. On more serious subjects he was exceptionally level-headed and of excellent counsel. Many turned to him for advice on difficult problems; by their nature benefits conferred in this fashion are hard to trace or report, but they remain as cherished memories of the beneficiaries.

Toward the end of the 1930s several universities desirous of acquiring a cyclotron turned to Lawrence, who often sent to them detailed plans for a machine and loaned one of his collaborators to see to the work. After being at Ann Arbor on such a mission, as mentioned above, Thornton went again in 1940, this time to Washington University at St. Louis, as an associate professor of physics, to head the construction of a cyclotron, one of the best of its time. Bob Thornton was much appreciated in St. Louis, where he established some permanent friendships. This period ended when the Rad Lab at Berkeley entered massively into the uranium isotope separation endeavor and Lawrence asked Thornton to return to help with it.

Back in Berkeley in 1942, Thornton plunged into the new job, development of the calutron project, a gigantic array of mass spectrographs devoted to the separation of uranium isotopes. Here too he contributed to the solutions of several technical problems, but soon was entrusted with ever-heavier

administrative assignments; then, and later in his life, it proved impossible to resist the temptation to give him managerial responsibilities. In 1943 he became assistant director of the Process Improvement Division of the Tennessee Eastman Corporation at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where the huge plant containing hundreds of calutrons was located.

After the war Washington University, under the leadership of its new chancellor, Arthur H. Compton, enlarged and revitalized its scientific departments. In particular, it created a new Nuclear Laboratory and offered its direction to Thornton. However, by then Bob wanted to return to active research and declined this appointment, which required too much administration for his taste. Instead, he returned to Berkeley to lead the construction of the 184-inch cyclotron, the first large frequency-modulated cyclotron that used the new concept of phase stability. This was a major enterprise, and one of the first accelerator construction projects guided throughout by truly scientific analysis. It was highly successful, making possible scientific advances in many fields, such as production of the first man-made pions (pi mesons), and becoming a prototype for several similar machines throughout the world. The feat of constructing this cyclotron, a milestone in accelerator building, is attested by a short published note that does not do justice to the importance of the achievement.

In 1945 Thornton began his 27-year professorial affiliation with the Department of Physics of the University of California at Berkeley. Initially his title was “professor of physics in the Radiation Laboratory,” an arrangement made between Professor Lawrence and President Robert Gordon Sproul. In 1948 his title was changed to simply professor of physics and he started regular classroom teaching of several upper-division courses in mechanics, modern physics, and electricity and magnetism. He enjoyed teaching, was very good at it, and his students were quick to learn that he really cared about them.

Again, Thornton did not escape the demands on his administrative gifts by his peers who trusted and liked him. In 1954 he was appointed assistant director of the Radiation Laboratory, in 1959 associate director, and in 1967 associate director of program and planning. He was for a long time in charge of scheduling for the 184-inch cyclotron, a delicate task that required all his fairness, firmness, and tact, as well as great scientific insight. The informal style in which he successfully conducted this work was made possible by the respect and friendship felt for him by all concerned.

He retired in 1972, almost 40 years after he had appeared on the Berkeley scene, but continued helping, at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, on a part-time basis for about another decade. His assistance and wise advice are still strongly remembered and much appreciated by those with whom he worked there. In the last years of his life he returned once again to the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory as a discreet and useful consultant.


Robert Thornton married Mary Elizabeth (Betty) Edie in 1938; their union ending at her death in 1974. They had two daughters and a son. Their oldest child, Katherine (Katy) and her bridegroom, Clarence Brodie, were killed in a private plane crash shortly after their wedding in 1966. Their son, Denis, married Carol Dodd in 1975; they have two daughters, Stephanie and Jennifer, and are both members of the teaching staff of Illinois State University at Normal, Illinois. Their daughter Margaret (Peggy) married Michael Mendeck, a petroleum engineer, in 1974; they live in Colorado with their children, Gavin and Lauren.

In 1977 Bob Thornton and Sigvor Hamre, who survives him, were married. She was the widow of Haakon Hamre, long-time professor of Scandinavian language and literature, and department chairman, in the University of California at Berkeley.

The Thornton family and the Thornton home have always been regarded as exemplary, and cherished as sources of warmth and affection, by all those who have known them.

Owen Chamberlain A. Carl Helmholz David L. Judd Emilio Segrè


Francis John Turner, Geology and Geophysics: Berkeley

Professor of Geology, Emeritus

Frank Turner, Professor of Geology Emeritus, died on December 21, 1985, at the age of 81 after a 40-year association with the University of California at Berkeley. He is survived by his wife, Esme, and his daughter, Mrs. Gillian McKercher.

Turner was born on April 10, 1904, in Auckland, New Zealand, the son of a classics teacher at Auckland grammar school. In 1921, he entered the University College of Auckland for the study of geology where, under the influence of J.A. Bartrum, he acquired a background in virtually all branches of the science. After graduating, he worked briefly for the New Zealand Geological Survey while completing his master's thesis. In 1926, at age 21, he became lecturer in the Department of Geology at Otago University, Dunedin. Here his interests in the petrology of metamorphic and igneous rocks matured and he developed the skills with the polarizing microscope that were to place him amongst the world's great petrographers. In 1930 he married Esme Bentham, who became his lifelong companion.

At Otago University Turner conducted intensive field and laboratory investigations of metamorphic regions of South Island, culminating in his study of the Otago schist. This treatise still stands as one of the best petrographic studies of low-grade metamorphism ever published. His many publications, while in Dunedin earned him the D.Sc. degree from the University of New Zealand in 1934.

In the late 1930s, Turner developed an interest in the new field of structural petrology which had had its birth in Europe a decade before. This interest led to his first journey outside New Zealand, when, in 1938, he was awarded a Sterling Fellowship to work with E.B. Knopf, then at Yale University, on the structural petrology of metamorphic rocks. Although cut short by the outbreak of war in Europe, this period overseas opened new horizons to him--scientific, cultural, and personal. He became acquainted with many of the foremost American earth scientists of the day and met the young David Griggs, then at Harvard, with whom he later formed a

close professional relationship that produced some of his most important work.

Back in New Zealand for the war years, he continued teaching and research at Otago and began work on what was to become a comprehensive treatise on the petrology and structure of metamorphic rocks. This work, when published by the Geological Society of America in 1946, quickly established him internationally as a leader in the interpretation of metamorphic rocks and strongly influenced a whole post-war generation of young geologists.

Also in 1946, Howel Williams, foresighted chairman of the Department of Geology at Berkeley, invited Turner to join the faculty of the University of California. This appointment and those that followed--many of them stimulated by Turner's presence--changed the face of geology at Berkeley and paved the way for the early introduction into the department of the analytical, experimental, and theoretical tools that were to explode into post-war earth science.

For 25 years, until his retirement in 1971, Turner was an active and inspiring member of the faculty at Berkeley. As a teacher, he was exceptionally gifted, speaking clearly and forcefully, organizing the material he taught with admirable lucidity, and presenting it with enthusiasm. In his career he published 84 scholarly articles as well as eight book-length monographs or textbooks, most written with colleagues at Berkeley, but all distinguished by Turner's characteristic clarity of thought and expression. Noteworthy among these is the long series of collaborative papers with D.T. Griggs (then at UCLA) and others on the experimental deformation of rocks, studies that form the roots of almost all present-day work in that field. The high quality of his research was acknowledged by the Berkeley campus in 1970 when he was appointed Faculty Research Lecturer.

Turner's personal contribution to the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Berkeley was profound. His sound judgment and advice were widely sought by students and colleagues alike. He was always available for discussions, suggestions, and candid criticism; and his broad knowledge and interests and quick mind invariably made such sessions helpful, often memorable. He served with distinction as chairman of the department for five years, from 1954 to 1959. Outside the department, he served effectively on a number of administrative bodies, including the Graduate Council, the Committee on Research, the Library Committee, and the Executive Committee of the College of Letters and Science.

Frank and Esme Turner were great travellers, partly because Frank believed that all geologists should see as much of the earth as possible, and partly because he enjoyed travel for its own sake, for the flavors of different lands, and for the people. In his travels he met geologists from all over the world, many of whom visited Berkeley in some capacity, some staying for extended periods for study or research, thereby enriching both themselves and the Berkeley campus.


In his long career, Turner received many academic honors, including the Hector Medal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (1951), Guggenheim Fellowships (1952 and 1960), election to the National Academy of Sciences (1956), the Lyell Award of the Geological Society of London (1969), and the Roebling Medal of the Mineralogical Society of America (1985). The Berkeley campus honored him with the Berkeley Citation on his retirement in 1971.

If his scientific and academic eminence had been all that Turner had given to the Berkeley campus, his contribution would have been outstanding enough. But the effect of his presence went far beyond his professional role. He was a whole man, with breadth of interest and learning that transcended the confines of his science, encompassing deep and enduring knowledge and love of the arts, particularly painting, literature, and music. He once remarked to a colleague that one reason he and his wife left New Zealand was “because of the music”: they yearned for the great musical performances to be found only in the populated cities of the world and for the other cultural amenities, such as art galleries and museums, from which they drew so much joy.

During his time at Berkeley--both as faculty member and as emeritus--Turner performed a signal service to the University community, one that is by no means particularly common. Many new faculty members in both his own and other departments soon found, although they were not always sure how, that a staunch friend had materialized in their lives, a friend who invited them to convivial parties in his hospitable home where the wine, food, and conversation were always memorable. Atthe Turner's house, visiting scholars, new and old faculty members, and townspeople from totally different callings were brought together. Artists were mixed with scientists, writers with musicians or physicians, and by the evening's end were strangers no more. In the warmest and most creative way, people were the Turner's hobby.

Frank was a liberal, compassionate and wise; a marvelous conversationalist and raconteur, with great humanity and warmth; a sagacious and penetrating critic of academic folly, who cared little for personal possessions and wealth and who enriched the lives of those around him with his extraordinary qualities of humanity. And he is sorely missed. His legacy is the joy given to his friends and the commitment given to his science. The vivid memory of the jaunty figure with the seaman's gait and the sharp wit and wisdom will be ever with us.

J.D. Clark C.M. Gilbert H. May J.L. Reynolds L.E. Weiss


Eugenia Helma Waechter, Nursing: San Francisco


The tragic death of Eugenia Waechter in a fire in her home in January of 1982 was a loss to the School of Nursing and countless colleagues worldwide. Dr. Waechter was acting chair of the Department of Family Health Care Nursing at the time, in the process of completing the tenth edition of her authoritative text Nursing Care of Children, and was involved in the federally funded research project “Living with Childhood Cancer.”

A member of the School of Nursing faculty since 1964, Waechter received her AA degree in pre-nursing at St. John's College in Winfield, Kansas, her nursing diploma from Lutheran Hospital School of Nursing in St. Louis, Missouri, the BS in biological science and public health nursing and the MA in pediatric nursing from the University of Chicago. She studied advanced maternal child nursing at UCSF, and received the Ph.D. in child development education from Stanford University.

Throughout her distinguished career, her research interest was in the area of chronic and life-threatening illness in children. Her initial research was the first controlled study in which fatally ill children were actually interviewed. Her work--done at a time when it was still uncommon to discuss with children their impending death--was the foundation of many subsequent and well known inquiries and helped change the nature of family care of the fatally ill child.

Her impact on students was characterized by challenges, caring, and consultation. They expressed their delight in finding this scholar so accessible, so compassionate with their patients (and not insignificantly, with them) and so crisply challenging in her demands on their scholarship. Graduates continued to work in collaboration with her and took their research to the far corners of the globe. Their admiration is acknowledged by the establishment of the Eugenia H. Waechter Award for Junior Faculty--an award presented annually by students to the most promising researcher in junior faculty ranks.

In 1978 she was elected as a fellow into the American Academy of Nursing, and in 1979 listed in the International Who's Who in Education,

published by the International Biographical Center, Cambridge, England. In 1982 the UCSF School of Nursing Faculty voted unanimously to honor Eugenia H. Waechter posthumously with the Helen Nahm Research Lecture Award.

This warm, generous, and kindly woman of great intellect and capacity will be missed by her colleagues and friends.

Betty L. Highley


Richard Dunlop Walter, Neurology: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Richard Dunlop Walter died on September 26, 1986, at the age of 65. Dr. Walter was born in Alameda, California. As a young man he worked as a logger and became interested in studying medicine to help care for people in El Dorado County. He enrolled in the University of California at Berkeley, and after graduation in 1943, entered St. Louis University School of Medicine, received a medical degree in 1946, and returned to a rotating internship at the Highland-Alameda County Hospital. After two years of military service in Japan and another year of internship, he became a resident in psychiatry at the Palo Alto VAMC for three years. In 1953 he was granted a two-year research fellowship in psychiatry by the National Institute of Mental Health which he served at the University of California Langley Porter Clinic in San Francisco. During these years in psychiatry he became intensely interested in the neurophysiology of emotional disorders and decided that he would pursue a research career.

He was attracted to electroencephalography as a practical mechanism for investigating brain physiology and in 1954 he went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study bioelectric signals. In 1955 he came to UCLA to develop an Electroencephalographic Laboratory for the Division of Neurology with an appointment as instructor in medicine (neurology). For two years, in addition, he served as resident in neurology to complete American Board requirements for certification in both psychiatry and neurology. In those early years, Walter's exceptional talents in teaching and his interest in research solidified his academic career. He was appointed chief of the Neurology Outpatient Clinic for epilepsy, and soon thereafter in collaboration with the Division of Neurological Surgery, he applied for and was granted a well-funded study by the National Institutes of Health in Clinical Neurophysiology. This fine grant was repeatedly renewed and the scientific productivity of the team brought national and international recognition for the Department of Neurology.

Among the accomplishments of the group under the direction of Walter were: 1) the adaptation of a seven-channel device to permit radio-telemetry

of EEG data 24 hours a day of unrestrained patients; 2) the classification of ictal patterns of focal-type onset which became the principal criterion for surgery; and 3) the closed-circuit television and audio-monitoring. This video-EEG analysis of spontaneous limbic seizures improved the efficacy of temporal lobectomy and it is now employed in many national and international centers.

From instructor in medicine (neurology), Walter was promoted in steps. He became professor of medicine (neurology) in 1969, and, then, professor of neurology in 1970 when neurology was made a department. In 1974 he served as acting chairman of the department, and in 1975 he was appointed chairman--a position he carried with distinction until his elective retirement in 1983. Walter served many functions in the American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, the American Electroencephalographic Society, and in a number of other local and national organizations while also serving on many University committees. He was author or co-author of 222 scientific publications.

In recognition of the many academic and scientific contributions to the University made by our deceased colleague, Richard Dunlop Walter, be it resolved that the UCLA Academic Senate extends appreciation in his honor and memory.

Paul H. Crandall Christian Herrmann Jr. Augustus S. Rose


David Weeks, Agricultural Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

David Weeks was born in Aurora, Nebraska, on September 22, 1890. He died March 8, 1986, in Walnut Creek, California. At the age of 14, with the guidance of his mother, he managed the family farm at Edmund, Oklahoma. Two years later he found employment during the summer vacation as a member of a railroad survey crew, and he continued in this type of employment through his graduation in 1915 from the University of Nebraska with a B.S. degree in agricultural engineering.

Weeks received the master of science degree in Agricultural Engineering in 1915 from Iowa State College and a degree in civil engineering from the University of Nebraska in 1921. After one year as assistant professor of agricultural engineering at Iowa, he shifted to two years' employment in the drainage department at the Dakota Engineering Company.

He was brought to the University of California in 1922 by Elwood Mead, then professor of rural institutions in the College of Agriculture at Berkeley. Mead, holder of a Ph.D. degree in civil engineering from Ohio State University, was widely practiced in land drainage and land reclamation and settlement. Mead presumably was attracted to the youthful David Weeks by reason of his teaching at Iowa State and his work experience in this field.

At Berkeley, Weeks first worked for several years as an assistant to Mead while also studying part time for the Ph.D. degree in agricultural economics and with outside employment with the Federal Land Bank and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation.

In 1925, he was appointed research associate in the newly formed Division of Agricultural Economics at Berkeley where he did research and lectured in Land Economics. He received the Ph.D. degree in agricultural economics at Berkeley in 1928, when he was also advanced to the position of associate professor. Appointed professor in 1946, he continued his work in land economics to, and beyond, his retirement in 1958.

His teaching reflected thorough attention to applied information that could be used to illustrate the principles of land use and land-use competition.

His undergraduate course in farm and land appraisal required practical field trips and reports that not only presented property details but fully identified land-use competition factors as well as economic and institutional forces that ultimately determine the economic value of property. His graduate seminars in land economics were organized to involve students in understanding the literature of this complex area. Thus, through specific examples, principles were identified and linked to the broad field of theoretical and institutional economics. At least one session each semester, his seminar students were guests in Week's home, where the discussions often extended far beyond the topic of land economics. His personal interest in his students included the role of friend as well as mentor.

The pattern of alternate scholastic and applied work that developed early with Weeks extended throughout his career, and it often took the form of consultancies, mainly with public agencies and often without fee. These included the California Water Division, the President's Water Resources Policy Division, Kern County Water Agency, the U.S. National Resources Board, and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Foreign assignments included consultancies with the Hydraulics Works Department, Turkey; on water-development projects on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Iraq and Kuwait); and with the government of Bolivia on agricultural and transportation development.

Weeks published widely in both the fields of agricultural and civil engineering. He visited the University of Padua, Italy, as a Fulbright Scholar and the University of Nanking as a visiting professor. He served as vice president of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and was honored by election to three honorary societies: Sigma Tau (Engineering), Alpha Zeta (Agriculture), and Sigma Xi (Science).

David Weeks was dedicated to his profession and to the welfare of his students. One of the earliest appointees in the department, his early work in land economics and development brought a new direction to his department and formed the beginning of its present broadly framed program in Natural Resource Economics.

Weeks was married August 31, 1916, to Marian Hazel McLean from which union came three children: David, Boyd, and Roberta. Marian Weeks died on May 9, 1964. Weeks was married to Mary Louise Greenwood on June 21, 1965, who survives him at their home in Rossmoor, Walnut Creek, California. Other survivors are his children, 11 grandchildren, and 7 great grandchildren. One may truly say that David Weeks lived a long (96 years), full, and productive life.

J. Herbert Snyder Harry R. Wellman Loy L. Sammet


Charles DeLorma Wheelock, Oceanography: San Diego

Professor of Marine Resources, Emeritus

Rear Admiral Charles D. Wheelock, professor emeritus of the University of California and the first director of the University's Institute of Marine Resources, died September 21, 1980, at Silas B. Hays Hospital, Fort Ord, Monterey, California. He was born in Riverside, California, in 1897 and grew up there, entering the U.S. Naval Academy in time to see brief service at sea in World War I as a Midshipman. An expert marksman, he was assigned shortly after graduation to become a member of the team representing the Navy in various competitions in 1921.

Following the Navy's pattern for advanced education he then chose a career in ship design, construction, and repair, studying first at the Post-graduate School in Annapolis and then at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received a Master of Science degree in June 1924.

His education was first utilized at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and the Navy Yard at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After a two-year tour on the destroyer tender USS Dobbin, he reported in 1936 for duty in the design and construction division of the Bureau of Construction and Repair at the Navy Department in Washington, D.C. (Later this bureau was merged with the Bureau of Engineering and designated the Bureau of Ships.) In this bureau he proved his engineering skill and leadership in ship design before and during World War II. He received the Legion of Merit for his “exceptionally meritorious service” as head of the Design Branch of the Bureau with a citation which reads in part: “He profoundly influenced the design of new naval vessels in service. In the field of warship design, Captain Wheelock made many important contributions to the successful prosecution of the war.”

In mid-1944 he was assigned as production officer at Mare Island Naval Shipyard where he served for two years prior to being promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral. Upon his promotion he returned to Washington as Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Ships and Chief of Naval Construction, serving in that post until 1951. He then served a two-year tour as inspector general for the Bureau of Ships at Treasure Island, California.


While Admiral Wheelock was still on active duty in the Navy, he was asked by Director Roger Revelle to take an early retirement in order to join the staff of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The Navy Department was persuaded to agree to this action, and in 1953 Wheelock was appointed associate director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He worked with Revelle and John Isaacs on the establishment of the Institute of Marine Resources and was appointed its acting director in 1954. In 1958 he was named professor of oceanography and director of IMR.

In making the transition from senior naval officer to senior university leader, he showed both his sensitivity and his firm character. He quite deliberately became an effective user and member of committees and consulted widely on all important matters. Although he was one of the gentlest and sweetest-natured men we have known, he nevertheless could make his colleagues feel somewhat guilty when they had failed to live up to his high standards of conduct.

At Scripps he played a major role in long-range planning, particularly in relation to the physical development of the emerging general campus in the late 1950s and early 1960s. One of his most important accomplishments was his persuasion of the commander of the U.S. Naval Air Station, Miramar to change its flight pattern so as to minimize aircraft noise over the proposed site of the UCSD general campus. He also played a prominent part in UC's acquisition of Camp Matthews, a 500-acre rifle range which is now the Warren campus of UCSD. In the Institute of Marine Resources he fostered initiation of programs in marine mining, seafood technology, and fisheries. Wheelock's first professional appointee was Harold Olcott, to head seafood processing investigations. His support of John Mero in the College of Mining at UC Berkeley led to the first realistic studies of deep-sea manganese nodule collection methods, resulting in papers to which reference is still made.

In the late 50s period of expansion of the University, he played a significant role, chairing a systemwide committee which developed criteria against which potential new campus sites could be evaluated.

Both before and after his official retirement from UC he gave willingly of his professional expertise in naval architecture and marine engineering. He provided substantial input to the design of the first major class of research ships built by the Navy in the 1960s to support oceanographic programs in US academic institutions and the Naval Oceanographic Office. He also provided valuable advice during the design phases of unique research craft such as Flip and Glomar Challenger.

He was a thoughtful person, easily approached either on technical matters or on topics of concern in the operation of the University, and continued to serve it for many years after his retirement. Throughout his career he maintained an active membership in the Society of Naval Architects and

Marine Engineers, as a member and fellow, serving as its vice president. In 1962 he was awarded the Society's Gold Medal for his significant contributions to naval ship design.

Having moved from La Jolla to the Monterey area in 1961, he played an active role in the establishment and early development of the Santa Cruz campus of the University. Chancellor Emeritus McHenry remembers him as one of the founding members of the UCSC Campus Planning Committee serving very usefully for the decade during which most of the executive architects were chosen and the major buildings were built.

In recognition of his service to the University, he was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree at the first commencement ceremonies of the Santa Cruz campus in 1967. The citation commended Admiral Wheelock for his distinguished careers with the Navy and the University, and added: “In his second post-retirement career, he has given generously of his time, experience and wisdom in planning the Santa Cruz campus. We honor him for a long and varied career of service always willingly given and ably performed.” We echo those phrases.

Roger Revelle Fred Noel Spiess


Edward Allen Wight, Librarianship: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Ed Wight was born in Cairo, Georgia, his ancestral home, on August 10, 1899, and died there on May 4, 1986. For generations his family had been orchardists and nurserymen in the pine woods of southwest Georgia.

From 1916 to 1921, and in 1925-1926, 1929-1932 and 1935-1936 he studied at Emory (B.S.), Columbia (M.S.) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D.). He was a teacher, principal, and superintendent in Georgia public schools, 1921-1925 and 1926-28; director, Westchester County, N.Y. Library Survey, 1934; research assistant, Chicago, 1935; dean and professor, College of Liberal Arts, University of Dubuque, 1936-1940; and professor of library education, Peabody College, 1940-43. During these years he authored or co-authored County Library Service in the South, (1935), Public Library Finance and Accounting (1943), and a number of library surveys.

Much of the experience of these years stood him in good stead in the final two stages of his career: as assistant director and personnel officer of the Newark, N.J. Public Library, 1943-1951, and as teacher and researcher in the professorship of the School of Librarianship, now the School of Library and Information Studies at Berkeley, from 1952 until his retirement in 1966. For strong personal reasons Ed three times declined the offer of the Berkeley position and only after a lengthy phone call from the dean was he persuaded to accept. It is pleasant to report that he later said that he never once regretted the decision that took him 3,000 miles away from his friends and family.

At the time of his appointment, the Berkeley School (like almost all other library schools) was being severely criticized for placing too much emphasis on academic and too little on public librarianship. Ed was one of fewer than a half a dozen men (no women) in the country who possessed the double qualification of extensive, high-level public library experience, which the field demanded, and the academic and research background necessary for a Berkeley appointment. The two together enabled him to make an invaluable contribution to teaching, research, and surveying in

the field. This had several results: it provided a number of highly qualified men and women imbued with his knowledge and ideals; it directly benefitted many individual libraries in the state and elsewhere; and it greatly enhanced the image of the school as viewed by a large, vocal, and important segment of the library profession, especially in California. Wight's appointment was surely one of the three or four most significant for the school since World War II.

Wight rapidly became known throughout the state as a courageous and extraordinarily knowledgeable examiner and surveyor of public libraries. He exerted a lasting influence on them. He did not suffer fools gladly and could be caustic in his response to failure to perceive the logic of his argumentation or the wisdom of his recommendations. Remarkably, however, he operated in such a way that he created no enemies, and was almost always successful, eventually, in having his suggestions adopted. Without doubt the greatest respect for his knowledge and the sound bases upon which it rested were largely responsible for the acceptance of his recommendations.

During the years at Berkeley, Wight served brilliantly on numerous committees of the California Library Association; on the Advisory Committee of the Library Services Branch of the U.S. Office of Education and as a consultant to the Office; on the California Library Development Board; and as president of the Association of American Library Schools, now the Association for Library and Information Science Education. He also published surveys of a dozen public and county libraries in California and elsewhere, and was acting dean of the school, 1960-1961.

In 1957 the State Legislature passed a bill creating a California Public Library Commission. The charge to the Commission was “to study and investigate the organizational structure of all public libraries, their operations and needed improvements... and methods of financing...” Wight was granted a one-year's leave of absence to serve as director of research for the study. The Commission's Reports, produced under Wight's supervision/authorship in 1959, contributed greatly to the development of public libraries in the state.

There are many of whom it can be said that the record of the vita, no matter how complete, fails to present a picture of the man. Ed was surely such a man. He was a dynamic, energetic person who radiated physical and mental strength. He was a fine conversationalist, interesting and interested, and he was deeply concerned about people and their institutions, especially schools and libraries. His expertise in the services, administration, and organization of the latter, based upon the twin pillars of study and solid experience, enabled him to exert a far-reaching influence on public libraries in California and led him to be called upon for advice outside the state from as far away as Australia.


Ed was about as close to being a Renaissance man as was possible after the nineteenth century. One of the contributors to this memorial can testify from personal experience that his former friend and colleague was a much better than average bridge, chess, and tennis player and a strong swimmer and conoeist; he was an expert fly-fisherman and a grower of prize camellias. He was a voracious and eclectic reader. He wielded potent barbecue tools and the elegant, though informal, suppers at the Wight home in the Berkeley hills were widely known for good companionship, food, and drink.

Any account of Ed Wight's life would be grossly deficient if it failed to speak of his wife of 50 years, Minnie Giesecke, a Texan, whom he met when they were both doctoral students at Chicago. A woman of striking appearance and tremendous charm, she shared his interests and had the intellectual and academic qualifications to contribute to his work.

Ed Wight is still missed in Berkeley by those fortunate enough to have known him.

J. Periam Danton Robert D. Harlan Ray E. Held


Frederick S. Wight, Art: Los Angeles

Professor; Director, The Frederick S. Wight Art Galleries, Emeritus

Fred Wight was born on June 1, 1902, in New York City, the son of Carol Van Buren, and Alice Stallknecht Wight. His father had been a professor of classics at Johns Hopkins University, and his mother became a strong artist whose work was always very important to him. In 1923 he graduated from the University of Virginia and went to France for two years, to study painting at the Academie Julien and elsewhere. In 1936 he married Joan Bingham, and with her had one son, George Wight. From 1942-1945, he served as a lieutenant commander, United States Naval Reserve, took part in the Normandy landing, and afterwards transferred to the O.S.S., serving in London, Paris, and Wiesbaden. He was separated from the armed forces in 1945, and returned to take his M.A. at Harvard University, under Paul Sachs and Jakob Rosenberg, concentrating in museology. He served as associate director of the Boston Institute of Contemporary Art from 1950-1953, before taking a position as professor of art and director of the UCLA Galleries in 1953. He was also chair of the Art Department from 1963-1966. Under his guidance, and because of his knowledge and energy, the UCLA Art Galleries played a vital part in the development of Southern California as a major region for both the exhibition of modern art and the production of important, new American art. The extraordinary sculpture garden at UCLA is a permanent monument to his skills as a leader in the complex world of art exhibition.

All those who ever met Fred Wight were promptly struck by his sharp wit; those who knew him were perpetually delighted by the wonderful novelties of his speech, not to speak of the subtle deployment of an erudition he carried lightly. His was that most rare amalgam--painter and writer. Indeed, he published six novels in the two decades from the mid-1930s to mid-1950s: South (1935), The Chronicle of Aaron Kane (1936), Youth in Trust (1937), Inner Harbor (1949), Kindling (1951), and Verge of Glory (1956). Two excellent books on art came from him: his Milestones of

American Painting in Our Century (1949), and The Potent Image: Art in the Western World from Cave Paintings to the 1970's (1976), as well as articles, essays, and monographs on such important artists as Goya, Van Gogh, Louis Sullivan, Gropius, Hans Hoffman, Arthur Dove, Hyman Bloom, Orozco, Jack Levine, John Marin, Marsden Hartley, Morris Graves, Milton Avery, and Modigliani. Anyone who peruses The Potent Image cannot fail to be astonished at Wight's power to evoke and describe the essence of an artist's work even in one or two brief paragraphs; that kind of graceful compression and intellectual lucidity reveals an understanding of what matters in art that most critics and scholars strive for in vain.

During his active years as director of the UCLA Galleries, Fred mounted many memorable, in fact landmark, shows, exhibiting, among others, the work of artists like Lionel Feininger, Arthur Dove, Sheeler, Marin, Graves, Hoffman, Modigliani, Picasso, Lipschitz, Stuart Davis, Matisse, Bingham, Arp, Marcks, Archipenko, Oldenburg, MacDonald-Wright, George Rickey, and June Wayne.

Yet all the while Fred Wight remained a painter, exhibiting his everchanging, developing work in one-man shows in New York at the Art Center, the Marie Sterner Gallery, the Kleeman Gallery, the New School for Social Research; the Stamford Museum in Connecticut; at the deYoung Memorial Museum in San Francisco, the Pasadena Museum, the Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, the Museum of New Mexico Art Gallery, the Long Beach Museum, the Palm Springs Desert Museum, the Barnsdall Municipal Gallery of Los Angeles, the Galerie d'Art Internationale in Chicago, and the Newspace Gallery of Los Angeles.

Fred Wight died on July 26, 1986, after the rather lightning invasion of a disease he'd fended off for some years. What those who knew him closely delight in was the fact that he never stopped working: he was painting fresh, beautiful, really marvellous canvases right to the very end. At the memorial service for Fred Wight held at UCLA on January 25, 1987, the artist Richard Diebenkorn observed, “Fred, should he have viewed this company and been told its purpose, would have, we know, commented upon it. I wouldn't presume to anticipate the content of what would have been a very brief remark, but I know that its texture would have been fine, it would be bone-dry, and its tone would be ironical. It would be withering and iconoclastic and it would wipe us out, making a travesty of today's efforts. It would also be unexpectedly and excruciatingly funny--with its color a shade off.

“Possibly tomorrow having pulled ourselves together we see that ruthless put-down differently and we know that the man behind it cared immensely. He cared about us and he cared about our loving him. And he would have cared desperately about our tribute to him even while mocking it. He was a complex and ambivalent carer. This of course is what a painter needs to be. He cared there too.”


And the painter William Brice remarked, “I met Fred in the early '50s. Los Angeles, at that time, was changing, was gathering momentum in the process of becoming the major art center it is today. From this distance it is history, solidified, confirmed, factual, and accomplished--but what I remember most is the excitement and enthusiasm which accompanied those early undertakings. It was Fred's feeling for the adventure of stretching the limits of possibilities, of expanding the frame of reference. This required of him acute perception, tact and relevant strategy. I came to see that among Fred's many admirable attributes was wisdom, that condition of accumulated knowledge and experience which results in significant insight. Fred's compassionate understanding of human nature enabled him to maintain his equilibrium under stress, and with grace. This understanding was at the source of his abundant humor and central to the formation of his values, his integrity. He was able to see with a clear eye, without sentimental excess or indulgence in disillusionment. Fred was never condescending. I believe it had to do with his faith in people. He simply worked at making the very best in him appeal to the best in us.

“Fred was both public and private. It is in Fred's painting that we have a most direct view of his inner nature. From the first time I saw Fred's painting I responded strongly to an expressive inclination which surfaced intermittently early on and gradually grew to be the encompassing expressive condition--the visionary, reverent, and mystical. It continues to fascinate and move me that there is, in his late work in particular, such an inner vision, elemental, distilled, and unified; it has the vividness of a purity of feeling, full of wonder.”

Jascha Kessler Edith Tonelli William Brice


Lynn A. Williams, Viticulture and Enology: Davis

Assistant Professor of Enology

Lynn Alan Williams was born in Chardon, Ohio, on December 19, 1947. When he was 12, his family moved to Florida, where he graduated from Martin County High School in 1965. Although he left Ohio at an early age, he always called himself a “farm boy from Ohio.”

Even as a small child Lynn was interested in science and history. He and his mother toured the United States when he was young, with the high points considered to be museums of history and science. He committed himself to science; however, in 1965 when he entered Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, he majored in chemical engineering. He received his bachelor's degree cum laude in 1969. From there, he went to the University of California at Berkeley. He was a research and teaching assistant at UCB, while working on his Ph.D. research under Charles Wilke and Sanford Elberg. The title of his thesis was “Liquid Culture Production of Brucella melitensis Rev 1 Vaccine.” While at Berkeley, his colleagues attest that he established his lifelong nocturnal lifestyle. He far preferred working from noon to 4 am than a 9 to 5 regime; morning classes were an anathema.

From July 1976 until December 1978, Lynn was a postdoctoral fellow, Department of Microbiological Engineering, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, where he was recipient of a Thord-Gray Fellowship from the American-Scandinavian foundation. He worked in two research areas: investigation of the production of glycerol by the halophilic algae Dunaliella and of the microbial utilization of glycerol.

From January 1979 until his untimely death in September 1983, Lynn was an assistant professor and assistant chemical engineer in the Department of Viticulture and Enology, UCD. In addition to teaching the distilled beverage technology course, Lynn was an undergraduate adviser and on several University committees. One of his first activities was to organize and manage the student softball team. Lynn thoroughly enjoyed being on the sidelines and organizing the games, though in a pinch, he played

outfield. He was the supervisor of several master's students and one Ph.D. student, George Ziobro, who completed his thesis research after Lynn's death. Lynn's major area of research at UCD was in the production of fuel alcohol. He investigated the production of alcohol from several unconventional sources, including watermelons. However, he focused on the hydrolysis of inulin (a fructose polymer) and the production of ethanol from Jerusalem Artichokes. Based on this work, he presented a paper on “Biotechnology of Jerusalem Artichoke as an ethanol source” at the Fifth International Alcohol Fuels Symposium in New Zealand in 1982. Because of his expertise in the area of production of ethanol, he was a consultant with the EPA, California Energy commission and several private groups.

Another area of his research interests was in the modeling and measurement of volatile compound losses during fermentation and low temperature dealcoholization processes. With Roger Boulton, he co-authored an article: “Modeling and prediction of evaporative ethanol loss during wine fermentations,” (American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 32:234-242, 1983). The paper, which was completed while Lynn was undergoing chemotherapy, was selected for the “Outstanding Enology Paper of the Year Award” by the Society of American Enologists and Viticulturists in 1984, an honor which his mother accepted on his behalf. The results of this work have since been used by regional and state authorities as the most definitive analysis of ethanol emission.

Lynn was a hard worker, whose habits were characterized by meticulous and thorough research. Like his predecessor, Guymon, Williams had a vast knowledge of the literature. Students or faculty consulting him about any aspect of brandy distillation or ethanol production were always fascinated to see him methodically attack one of 20, three-foot tall stacks of paper and within two attempts, select the precise paper for which he was looking. As he had at Berkeley, he far preferred to work at night and could often be found reading in his office well after midnight. Lynn had a very wry sense of humor, which was always used kindly. Even after he was stricken with cancer, he retained his strong sense of humor. “Still waters run deep” would be an apt description of Lynn. He was a thoughtful, generous, caring yet determined person, who often rebelled against senseless authority. He hated to quit. After going on a fast bike ride to the site of one of his fuel alcohol projects, in response to a comment expressing surprise that he kept up such a rapid pace, he said: “I'll be damned if I was gonna admit I couldn't keep up.” On another occasion, he doggedly finished a 14-mile hike at Point Reyes after dark without complaining about his blistered feet.

After he was stricken with the leukemia that was to claim him in 1983, Lynn continued to work and plan for the future. While his cancer was in remission, he attended a symposium on flavor of distilled beverages in Scotland in 1983, where he presented a paper (co-authored with his graduate

student William Knuttel) entitled “Computer Modeling of Aroma Compound Behavior During Batch Distillation.”

After receiving chemotherapy, while he was in remission, he started to teach his brandy distillation course for the last time. Unfortunately, at mid-quarter, he became too ill to continue. After being “toasted” by members of the class, he exited in tears accompanied by a standing ovation from the students. After receiving a painful bone marrow transplant operation in Seattle, he succumbed to complications on September 22, 1983.

In his memory, the Dr. Lynn Williams Memorial Award has been established which is awarded to the top student in the Distilled Beverage Technology course.

Ann C. Noble Vernon L. Singleton Roger B. Boulton


Martin Wolins, Social Welfare: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Martin Wolins was born in Odessa, the U.S.S.R., the elder of two children of Joseph and Menucha Wolyniec. During his infancy the family moved to Pinsk, Poland. There he grew up in an extended family and a multilingual community. He attended Pinsk Commercial High School, but before graduating emigrated alone to the United States in 1938. His emigration was facilitated by a paternal uncle in New York who had anglicized his name, which Wolins adopted. Much interested in animal husbandry, the youth obtained work as a farm hand in rural New Jersey and within several years was a farm manager. Concurrently he took courses at Rutgers University Agricultural College, hoping eventually to become a veterinarian.

In 1945 Wolins was drafted into the Army. About to be admitted into Officers' Candidate School, a physical examination revealed a spot on his lung. He was honorably discharged and sent to a veterans hospital in New York State. Released from the hospital in 1946, he married Irene Stern, a nurse from New York, whose family had fled Nazi Germany.

Wolins then passed the New York State Regents examinations qualifying him for college entrance. Unable to get into the veterinary school of his choice, he enrolled instead in Sampson College (New York), where he earned an associate arts degree. In 1948 he transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, to study psychology. In 1950 he graduated with an A.B., magna cum laude. Primarily interested in applied psychology, he entered the School of Social Welfare at Berkeley, where his analytic and research skills attracted the attention of his mentors.

In 1952, on receiving his M.S.W., he became director of a study, for the Berkeley Social Welfare Council, to determine the welfare needs in the Berkeley area. It appeared as Welfare Problems and Services in Berkeley (1954). Next, for the New York-based Child Welfare League of America he undertook to construct a novel method, more accurate than any then available, for calculating the unit cost of care in children's institutions. The method he developed was published in Cost Analysis in Children's

Welfare Services (with E. Schwartz, 1958). Simultaneously, he began doctoral studies at Columbia University's School of Social Work. There he received the Florina Lasker Award and in 1957 earned the doctorate (D.S.W.).

In 1958 our School of Social Welfare invited Wolins to join its growing faculty. Beginning as lecturer, he soon became associate professor (1959), and then professor (1965). He taught courses in child welfare policy, social organization, institutional care, and social research methods. He was a popular teacher. His lectures, most carefully prepared, were delivered with elan. Toward students he was both demanding and patient. It was at our school that he embarked on the studies that would make him pre-eminent in his profession. His research concern was society's provision for children who lack durable parental care.

The varied studies of Wolins had three foci: (1) Comparing the childcare practices of capitalist, socialist, and communist societies. In this connection, he studied eight countries, employing his considerable linguistic skills. He published his findings in a series of papers, notable among them “Child Care in Cross-Cultural Perspective” (in H. P. Davis, ed., Child Mental Health in International Perspective, 1972). (2) Analyzing the mental process whereby social workers select foster homes for children. Results of these studies appeared as Selecting Foster Parents: The Ideal and the Reality (1963). (3) Rehabilitating the institution. Social workers have regarded the congregate institution as inferior to the foster home for child care. Wolins challenged this professional folk wisdom, insisting that a “good” institution is a valid setting for certain children. Hence he undertook transnational studies to identify the attributes of successful institutions, publishing his findings in Revitalizing Residential Settings (with Y. Wozner, 1982). During his researches he encountered the story of Janusz Korczak, the Polish pediatrician-pedagogue, who founded in Warsaw a children's institution based on self-rule. The Nazis murdered Korczak and 200 of his ghetto wards. Emotionally moved by this, Wolins edited the writings of Korczak (Selected Works of Janusz Korczak, 1977).

Wolins' researches reflect an effort to ground professional practice on solid empirical foundations. He posed hard questions: What are the effects of social work intervention? Are they the intended effects? Can they be measured? These issues he discussed in a chapter-length paper, “Measuring the Effects of Social Work Intervention” (in N. Polansky, ed., Social Work Research, 1960). His publications, in the form of books, articles, monographs, chapters, and reviews, number about 50. They earned him an international reputation. His advice became widely sought on issues of child welfare. He served as consultant to policy-making bodies, as technical advisor on studies, and as member of editorial boards. He was in constant demand as guest lecturer, discussant, and seminar leader.


Wolins was a religious man, an adherent of orthodox Judaism, seeing no contradiction between the latter and his scientific attitude. Perhaps because his family perished in the Holocaust, he identified strongly with the Jewish people. He spent most of his academic leaves in Israel, where he fashioned a parallel career. He was consultant to the Social Welfare Ministry of the State of Israel, conducted studies for Youth Aliyah, taught at the Hebrew University, and assisted in establishing the School of Social Work at the University of Tel Aviv, whose faculty he joined when he retired from Berkeley.

In 1982, upon retiring from the University, the Wolins moved to a house in Jerusalem that he and Irene had been building and furnishing. Several years later cancer felled him; his courageous struggle against the affliction ended in November, 1985. Surviving him are wife Irene, daughters Judy (Mrs. Gorden Brooker) and Sharon (Mrs. David Pohlmann), sons David and Michael, and grandchildren Adam and Tim Brooker and Tamar Wolins.

Wolins was a person of great intellectual integrity. A man of conviction, he held strong beliefs, which he implemented in daily practice. He had enormous energy and capacity for work, and, with his buoyant laugh and quick wit, exuded an enthusiasm for life. The potentials that nature endowed him he used to the fullest. Toward his colleagues he was cooperative; toward his friends, loyal; toward his family, devoted. His life enriched many.

Ernest Greenwood Ralph M. Kramer Robert Pruger


Abe V. Wollock, Theater Arts: Los Angeles


Abe Wollock came to the University's Department of Theater Arts in 1960, richly experienced. He had earned his M.A. degree at Cornell University in 1948 in theatre production and dramatic literature, and had already completed his course work for the Ph.D. at the University of Illinois, in theatre history, dramatic literature and art history. In 1962, his dissertation was completed, while on the faculty here, and it was in that same year that he received his Ph.D. degree.

Prior to coming to UCLA, he had worked directly with Cleon Throckmorton, designer of many of Eugene O'Neill's Provincetown Plays. Abe Wollock also designed a number of shows for the New School of Social Research, many of these productions directed by the renowned Sandy Meisner. Employed as designer and technical director for the Cornell University Theatre, he designed eight productions between 1947-1948. He designed approximately 35 productions for the Montana State University Theatre between 1948-1955, during which time he also directed 13 productions, including four operas. With two of his brothers he was a co-owner of a scenic studio in New York City, 1955-1960, during which time he designed scenery of filmed commercials, and also worked on construction for more than a dozen feature films.

When Abe Wollock joined the department it was still lodged in temporary quarters and both the Motion Picture and Radio-Television divisions were struggling for an identity. Because Abe Wollock brought to his position a vast practical background in scenic design and construction, together with first-rate scholarship in the history of the American Theatre, his counsel was eagerly sought. His talents were fully realized while he contributed most significantly to the design and equipping of the new television studios, and teaching courses in TV direction, production, stagecraft, camera, screenwriting, and a doctoral seminar in aesthetics.

His ingenuity in reconstructing Benjamin Latrobe's architectural revisions of the Second Chestnut Street Theater, a Federalist Philadelphia landmark,

made Abe Wollock a frequent and welcome guest lecturer in the Theater Division's graduate bibliography and research course. The Theater Division profited also from his conducting classes in acting, stage direction, scenic design, and manuscript evaluation.

He was continually sought after by other agencies of the campus, a primary example of which was his work with the Graduate Division on the Experimental Media Program venture, the Los Angeles Junior Program; also the UCLA Conference on Theater Arts; “2 On the Town”; The Musical Comedy Workshop; and with Bob Finkel on behalf of the Los Angeles Olympic Committee.

A warm and compassionate man, he made leisurely strolls from building to building, and daily pauses in Murphy Court, amiably exchanging ideas with students, faculty, and staff. He was also a vigorous fighter in defense of basic educational principles, and remained an outspoken champion of quality in education throughout his career.

Ivan Cury Henry Goodman Arthur B. Friedman


Edwin Jack Wylie, Surgery: San Francisco


With the death of Edwin Jack Wylie on September 2, 1982, vascular surgery has indeed lost one of its pioneering giants. Among his many honors, perhaps those most cherished were presidencies of both the North American Chapter of the International Society for Cardio Vascular Surgery, in 1970, and the Society for Vascular Surgery in 1980.

Jack Wylie was born in Ohio in 1918 and spent most of his life on the West Coast. He was raised in Southern California and in 1939 graduated from Pomona College, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. After receiving his M.D. degree from Harvard University in 1943, he completed a general surgery internship at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical College and began a brief residency in urology before moving to San Francisco and the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center where he completed his general surgery residency under H. Glenn Bell. He remained a member of the faculty from 1948 to 1982, interrupted by a tour of duty as a captain in the U.S. Army located in Nuremberg, Germany, from 1953 to 1955.

At the University of California, San Francisco, Dr. Wylie became professor and vice-chairman of the Department of Surgery and was chief of the Vascular Surgery Service until his unexpected death from a myocardial infarction.

Wylie was always at the forefront of surgical innovation. Stimulated by the reports of J. Cid dos Santos in Portugal, he was the first to apply successfully the technique of thromboendarterectomy in atherosclerotic aortoiliac occlusive disease in the United States as reported in Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1951. He subsequently employed endarterectomy to disobliterate all of the major aortic branches.

He maintained an abiding interest over the years in the etiology of and the perfecting of operative procedures for cerebrovascular insufficiency, which included direct and indirect measurement of carotid “stump” pressure as an indication of collateral flow and the diagnosis and treatment of carotid

dissection and extracranial fibromuscular dysplasia. He was one of the original participants in the Joint Study of Extracranial Arterial Occlusion that was organized in 1959 to assess the current state of medical and surgical treatment. He was the senior co-author in 1970 of one of the first comprehensive texts on the topic entitled: Extracranial Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease: Diagnosis and Management. He was further concerned with investigating the pathogenesis of carotid atherosclerosis and was actively involved in the research of the role of intraplaque hemorrhage in the development of acute symptoms of cerebral ischemia.

Wylie's additional special interests were in the development of techniques for the treatment and management of chronic visceral ischemia, the effects of lumbar sympathectomy in patients with severe peripheral atherosclerosis, the treatment of renal artery atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia causing renovascular hypertension, and the employment of autogenous tissue revascularization techniques. Arterial autografts that he first espoused are used mostly in renal artery repairs as well as a host of other technically challenging problems.

The acme of Wylie's technical experience and operative philosophy was reflected in the publication of Volume I of the Manual of Vascular Surgery. Wylie was actively working on Volume II at the time of his death. This work has since been completed by his long time colleagues from the vascular surgical service.

Wylie received many international honors for his contributions to vascular surgery, and at the year of his death, he was made an honorary fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

The title of his presidential address for the International Society for Cardio Vascular Surgery was entitled: “Vascular Surgery--A Quest for Excellence,” and no other phrase so aptly characterizes his entire career. He was continuously involved with training of students, residents and fellows and initiated one of the first post-graduate training programs in peripheral vascular surgery. At the time of his death, he had trained some 33 clinical fellows who are located in the United States, Canada, Australia, Holland and South Africa.

Jack Wylie will be missed by all in his field for his contributions, integrity, wit and abiding enthusiasm for the study of all aspects of vascular disease.

W.K. Ehrenfeld


Demetrios M. Yermanos, Agronomy: Riverside


Demetrios M. Yermanos, professor of agronomy and agronomist, died of cancer on October 20, 1984 at Loma Linda University Medical Center after an extended illness. He was 63. He is survived by his wife, Anastasia; two sons, George and Christopher; one daughter, Catherine and a granddaughter, Effie; and a brother and sister in Greece, Nikos and Anastasia Yermanos.

Yermanos was born in Thessaloniki, Greece. His education in the plant sciences was pursued both in Greece and the United States. He earned a master's degree in agronomy from the University of Thessaloniki in 1946, as well as a master's degree in plant breeding from Iowa State University in 1952. His doctoral degree was in genetics from the University of California at Davis. Following World War II, Yermanos served as assistant to the director of American Agricultural Mission in northern Greece, with responsibility for visits of U.S. agricultural experts with local farmers. He interrupted this activity to serve three years as an ordnance officer in the Greek army. After obtaining his MS degree, he returned to Greece in 1953 to serve as World Council of Churches director in northern Greece. In this position he assisted with the emigration to Canada and Australia of individuals from rural populations who had been displaced or injured during World War II or the Greek civil war. He also represented the Church World Service as immigration assistant in New York from December 1955 to September 1956.

His lifelong interest in oilseed crops, no doubt, was deeply rooted in Greek tradition, the veneration of oil and the olive tree. As specialist in the Department of Agronomy and Range Science at UC Davis, he initiated research with safflower, sunflower and flax. His doctoral thesis evaluated the level of epistatic gene action in oilseed flax. When the Department of Agronomy was established on the Riverside campus in 1961, Yermanos was appointed as one of the original faculty members. Here he continued his oilseed research, investigating flowering and capsule development in

flax, and oil content and composition in flax and safflower under varying environments and cultural conditions. He also characterized the oil content and fatty acid composition of seeds of flax and sesame from the world collections of these two crops.

Yermanos won national and international recognition for his research on sesame and jojoba. His sesame research involved a broad range of cultural investigations as well as basic and quantitative genetic studies. Various students received advanced degrees on the basis of sesame research conducted under his guidance. Yermanos derived great satisfaction from his success in developing a nonshattering (indehiscent) strain of sesame, which permits more efficient mechanized harvesting of the crop.

He became actively involved in the domestication of jojoba, a desert shrub native to the Sonoran desert of the U.S. and Mexico. The oil present in the jojoba seed had been found earlier to possess chemical properties which are practically identical to those of the oil from the sperm whale. Coincident with the animal rights and environmentalist movements of the 1960s to protect the whales, Yermanos initiated a major project of jojoba selection and improvement. His initial interests were in the identification and propagation of high seed yielding plants from wild populations. This seemingly single task soon expanded to encompass a wide range of agronomic and cultural studies related to the introduction of a wild plant into cultivation. These studies in turn broadened into genetic studies on plant types, oil quantity and composition, and monoecious and hermaphroditic sexual types. Under Yermanos' leadership, a fledgling jojoba industry emerged, which has now expanded into several thousand hectares of jojoba under cultivation in the desert valleys of California, Arizona and Mexico. He was invited to head the jojoba development and research programs in the Middle East and Africa, as well as in the Americas. He served as organizer, chairman and proceedings editor for the 3rd International Conference on Jojoba in Riverside in September 1978, and general chairman for a Regional Conference on Jojoba for African and Middle Eastern countries in the Sudan in February 1982. His expertise with this crop resulted in long-term grants for jojoba plantation research through the California Employment Development Department, for jojoba production in the Sudan through the United Nations Development Program and for development of superior jojoba cultivars, sponsored by the National Science Foundation. The cultivar development project resulted in identification and release of superior yielding types. These types have been clonally propagated for commercial plantings to replace previously used, untested, wild seedlings.

Yermanos was author of Jojoba: Out of the Ivory Tower and into the Real World of Agriculture published in 1982. He also edited, revised and translated from French into English The Mathematics of Heredity by G. Malecot and Genetics of Human Populations by A. Jaquard. He was a frequent contributor of chapters on oil seed crops in various publications.


We shall remember “Jim” (as his friends called him) as that rare individual who was a true friend--modest, unselfish, outgoing and ever ready to give his colleagues their full share of credit for contributions to his successful career. His pioneering research on jojoba and sesame was dedicated to the improvement of the human condition. It is a fitting tribute to him that the Department of Botany and Plant Sciences has established the Yermanos Memorial Scholarship Fund, for through this the name Yermanos will forever be enshrined on the “hall of fame” of the Riverside campus.

R.W. Allard G.P. Georghiou B.L. Johnson P.F. Knowles L.F. Lippert R.M. Love

About this text
Courtesy of University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000;
Title: 1986, University of California: In Memoriam
By:  University of California (System) Academic Senate, Author
Date: 1986
Contributing Institution:  University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000;
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