University of California: In Memoriam, April 1966

Frederick Storrs Baker, Forestry: Berkeley

Professor of Silviculture, Emeritus

Frederick Storrs Baker came from sturdy New England stock. He was born at Bridgeport, Connecticut, on June 3, 1890, the son of Louis Harrington Baker and Evelyn Storrs Baker. The first of the Baker line came to Ipswich in Massachusetts Bay colony in 1637 from Norwich, England. Young Baker had an introduction to trees, flowers and the out-of-doors from his parents, both of whom were enthusiastic amateur botanists. When he graduated from high school in 1908 he went to Milford, Pennsylvania, for a summer course introductory to forestry conducted by the Yale University Forestry School. That fall he entered the forestry course at Colorado College, where he not only pursued the prescribed course of instruction, but also spent each summer in timber reconnaissance and other field work for the United States Forest Service in the Rocky Mountain area. After graduating with the degree of Forest Engineer from this institution in 1912, he spent the next fourteen years on work with the Forest Service on the Pike, Uinta, and Manti National Forests and in studying aspen and other tree species under the direction of Dr. Arthur W. Sampson, then at the Forest Experiment Station at Ephraim, Utah. Thus he became thoroughly acquainted with forestry problems in the Rocky Mountains. In 1918 he was called to Washington on war-time problems of wood fuel and the securing of black walnut for airplane construction. In this assignment he became familiar with forest conditions throughout the southeastern and middlewestern states, and authored a publication on American Black Walnut.


Returning to Utah he supervised silvicultural research for the entire Rocky Mountain District of the U.S. Forest Service and compiled data on results of seeding and planting and the distribution of tree species throughout this region. After serving as Assistant Regional Forester in charge of public relations for Region 4 of the U.S. Forest Service, he joined the forestry staff of the University of California in May 1926 with assignment of teaching and research work in silviculture, but handling a number of other courses as well. His call to the University of California resulted primarily from his former association with Dr. Arthur W. Sampson who had subsequently been made a member of the forestry staff at the University of California.

Thus Fred Baker began a long and rewarding career of thirty years with the University of California during which he endeared himself to generations of students who knew him familiarly and belovedly as “Bake.” His research added greatly to the knowledge of growth and reproduction of California tree species, their ecological relationships and their requirements for light and moisture. He wrote many articles for the Journal of Forestry and in 1934 his authoritative textbook, The Theory and Practice of Silviculture, was published. He was always unorthodox in his methods and his dry humor was effective in emphasizing his point of view, particularly when he carried on written arguments with his alter ego, “Derf Kaber.” However, his students learned the importance of careful observation as the basis for silvicultural knowledge. They also learned that the forest is a complicated community, that silviculture is an art though based on science, and that application of research to field conditions has lagged tremendously in recent years. His silvicultural advice to students was, “Use what sense you have, observe well, go ahead and guess your very best as to what to do. Science is not going to help you much or prove you wrong until you are very old indeed.” In 1950 an extensive revision of his textbook was

published under the title Principles of Sylviculture and it is still used by many schools of forestry.

Baker became the second Dean of the School of Forestry in 1947 on the retirement of Walter Mulford, and demonstrated effective leadership in this capacity during a very important developmental period until his retirement on July 1, 1956, when he was made Dean Emeritus. During these eight years he served as an ex-officio member of the California State Board of Forestry, contributing so effectively to their deliberations and program, that in January 1965 the Board passed a lengthy resolution of appreciation from which the following is quoted:

“WHEREAS Fred Baker contributed much to the deliberations of this board and to the profession of forestry which is indebted to him for the writing of some 45 technical papers and two valuable textbooks of silviculture, and

“WHEREAS, the document printed at the behest of this Board in 1955 and titled California's Forest Regeneration Problems was largely accomplished through the technical knowledge and untiring efforts of Fred Baker acting as chairman of the honorary committee appointed by this Board to study the important problems of forest regeneration in California.

“...the Secretary of this Board is hereby directed to transmit a copy of this resolution to the Dean of the School of Forestry of the University of California and the President of Colorado College, to mark in some small measure the respect in which the late Frederick Storrs Baker was held by this Board because of his exemplary personal life, his lasting professional accomplishments, and his unfailing congeniality as a friend and associate

“Adopted in regular session at Sacramento, California, January 7, 1965.”

An outstanding characteristic of Baker, the man, was his utter lack of show and pretense. This characteristic was especially

apparent in the classroom. An additional factor which added to his effectiveness as a teacher was his love for innovation when devising problems and presenting the solutions to them.

Baker, the teacher, was decidedly at his best in the close association with students at the forestry summer camp at Meadow Valley in Plumas County. He was fascinated by the complex ecology of the old-growth Sierran forests and even after his official retirement, he devoted many weeks to careful studies of a natural reserve which the Forest Service established not far from Califorest Camp headquarters. The faculty has designated this 80-acre University property (acquired during his deanship) as the Frederick S. Baker Forest.

As Dean of the School of Forestry he was an effective and far-sighted administrator. With his leadership, the educational policies established earlier were confirmed and strengthened and his selection of six new faculty members maintained the faculty in a position of strength. He secured the first operating budget for the University Forest Products Laboratory; the fine Laboratory building was planned and constructed and the first Director of the Laboratory was appointed under his leadership.

Baker gave liberally of his time and talents in furthering the programs of the Society of American Foresters, both nationally and in California. He was a member of its council from 1942 to 1945 and served as chairman of the Society's Committee on Western Forest Types, authoring important sections of that Committee's report, “Forest Cover Types of Western North America” and contributing frequent articles in the Journal of Forestry.

To the deep regret of his many former students his final illness made it impossible for him to take part in the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the U.C. Forestry School in December, 1964, and he died in Berkeley on January 1, 1965, at the age of 74.


Dean Emeritus Baker is survived by Kalla Hodge Baker whom he married in Ogden, Utah, in 1918, a son, Frederick Marvin Baker, two daughters--Barbara (Mrs. John) Horning of Seaside, Oregon, and Elizabeth (Mrs. Emmett N.) Brownell of Menlo Park, California, and seven grandchildren.

Robert N. Colwell Myron E. Kreuger Woodbridge Metcalf


Myron Franklin Brightfield, English: Berkeley


Myron Franklin Brightfield was born October 31, 1897, in St. Louis, Missouri. His father, Dr. Oscar Brightfield, was a physician and a close friend of another physician, Dr. Charles Rowley Huggins, whose daughter Elsejean, Mr. Brightfield married in 1921. He attended Smith Academy in St. Louis, was awarded his baccalaureate at Harvard in the class of 1919, and his Ph.D. in 1926 from the same university. From 1922-24, Brightfield was an instructor in English at Indiana University, and upon receiving his doctorate was appointed an assistant professor of English at Berkeley. He received his professorship in 1944. Though he carried out his academic duties through the spring of 1964, he was not in good health, and on August 10th, after a brief illness, he died--only a few weeks after entering upon his last year of active service.

He is survived by his widow, and a daughter, Mrs. Charles Jelavich, who, like her husband, is a professor of history at Indiana University.

From the beginning to the end of his scholarly career, Professor Brightfield expressed an interest in two areas of study: the history of Victorian culture, and literary critical theory. In 1928 the Harvard University Press published his first book, Theodore Hook and his Novels; in 1932 the University of California Press published his second, The Issue in Literary Criticism. In his third book he returned to the Victorian era in a full-length biography, John Wilson Croker (University of California Press, 1940). Then reverting again to criticism, he

completed in 1944 the manuscript of a large and detailed dissertation called The Subject of Literature--an elaboration and demonstration of the theses asserted in his earlier critical work. The manuscript was revised in 1950, and under the title Literature and Research: A Course of Lectures to Graduate Students, it served as a syllabus for his course in literary criticism--a course for many years required of all beginning graduate students in English. From 1945 to the end, Brightfield labored on a vast opus: (one version completed in 1957 runs to 2200 manuscript pages) Victorian England and its Novels 1840-1870.

Brightfield's courses in criticism and Victorian literature were models of systematic organization, and his formal classroom and public lectures were reminiscent of the rotund eloquence not unusual in the days of Bliss Perry and George Herbert Palmer, before the loud-speaker made deep-chested utterance unnecessary, and musical oratory impossible.

As a theorist in literary criticism Professor Brightfield regarded himself as a disciple of Aristotle, and he nourished an urbane, but nonetheless sincere distrust of idealists of Platonic mold. (“Show me a Platonist and I will show you a bad man!”) In his two major theoretical works, The Issue in Literary Criticism and The Subject of Literature, Professor Brightfield manifested a courageous independence of the dominant intellectual fashions of his day. Trained in the analytic methods of German philosophy, he was concerned with the idea of literature and of literary criticism, with definitions and classifications, and ultimately with the erection of a systematic basis for the study of literature. If his work was subject to criticism for its characteristic abstractness, he could offer in the face of such criticism a witty and precise style, a common-sense empiricism, and a dialectical approach that invited intelligent discussion. Not the least significant quality of the system Professor Brightfield devised, for those of us who live with literature in an increasingly disorderly world, is its confident

assertion of the permanence of both the literary work and the humanistic world of which that work is a part. If we find ourselves less confident than Professor Brightfield, we must admire all the more the hearty optimism which he managed to retain.

Brightfield's first published book was Theodore Hook and His Novels, a biography and critical estimate of a minor nineteenth-century novelist who was also a celebrated wit and bon vivant. The primary materials for the biographical part of this work were sparse, but Brightfield drew a clear and convincing portrait of the man; went on to a careful assessment of Hook's strengths and weaknesses as a novelist, and of his influence on later writers, particularly Charles Dickens.

Professor Brightfield's later Victorian scholarship developed naturally from this work. His next major publication was the biography of Croker, whose protege Hook was. A leading politician who was also the most influential critic of his day and the intimate of the political and literary great, Croker played a most important and highly varied role in the cultural life of the Regency and Victorian periods. Brightfield, in this first full biography of the man, covers all aspects of his life, making clear much that had been uncertain and giving to his much-maligned subject a fairer hearing than he had previously had. The biography, for instance, makes more understandable Croker's famous attacks upon Keats and Tennyson and in general it raises our estimation of Croker's motives and character. The work is marked throughout by the clarity, factuality, and pungency that are the characteristics of all Professor Brightfield's work. It will remain the standard biography and a book important and useful to all scholars in the field.

In the course of his work with Hook, Professor Brightfield had read a great many early Victorian novels as a means of placing his subject in the historical development of the form. In the years that followed he went on with his work, reading and absorbing perhaps a greater number of nineteenth-century

novels than anyone else has ever done. He became more and more interested in these books as social documents, vivid and unique contemporary transcripts of the many aspects of social existence. He began to draw out of them a synthetic picture of the various features of Victorian social life and to draw these together in a series of projected books and articles. This work took up the whole latter part of his life, during which he was able to bring it to completion. Some of the material--on railroads and medicine, for instance--has been published in the periodicals; the rest of the materials, which are very extensive, have not yet found a publisher and, because of their bulk, possibly never will. It is to be hoped, however, that they will be placed in the archives of some center of study for the novel, where the fruits of Professor Brightfield's great industry may be available to scholars carrying on the work to which he so unremittingly gave himself.

In a vivacious letter to Professor B. H. Lehman, written in April 1946, but dated April 1846, he gives his vision of his final work:

“April 13, 1846. This promises to be an exciting year. I fully believe Peel is going to use the Irish potato shortage as an excuse to repeal the Corn Laws. If he does he will ruin himself and our Conservative Party. I often wonder what they will think of us a hundred years from now. In 1946 life is sure to be more stable and secure--not upset, disorganized, and famine-stricken, as our present existence is...

“Actually Ben, I am almost completely sunk in the past!” A past when some men had leisure to write long books and the affluence to own them--men who could spend long evenings in literary talk--not, to be sure, without brandy and cigars, but utterly without embarrassment. The vision tinged everything he wrote and taught and was. And he was true to it.

James M. Cline Norman Rabkin Ralph W. Rader


Erasmo Buceta, Spanish and Portuguese: Berkeley

Professor of Spanish, Emeritus

Erasmo Buceta was born in Pontevedra, Spain, on February 2, 1892. After taking the bachillerato at the University of Santiago, in Galicia, in 1908, he went to Madrid for the licenciatura en derecho (1914) and the doctorado en derecho (1916). His teaching career covered 38 years, the first three at the Johns Hopkins University (1916-1919), the remainder at the University of California in Berkeley (1919-1954), with frequent leaves for study in Spain. He was a member of the Ateneo Científico, Literario y Artístico of Madrid, and of the Real Academia de Jurisprudencia y Legislación. In 1931 he was elected a corresponding member of the Real Academia Española; in 1932, of the Academia de la Historia. An uncompromising homo hispanicus through half a lifetime spent in a foreign land, upon his voluntary retirement he returned to Madrid to live out his days with his books in a comfortable bachelor apartment. Here he was content. On December 10, 1964, he died in Vigo, where he had gone some weeks before to await the end of a long illness with his sister and her family.

Buceta concentrated his abundant scholarly production in the twenties and thirties, down to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, when, for reasons that can only be guessed at, he abruptly stopped publishing. The last and one of the most ambitious of his major works was his edition (1935) of Antonio López de Vega's Paradoxas racionales. The rest, an imposing total of a scant 15 years or so of activity, comprise some 60 articles, 35 book reviews, and a handful of classroom editions and miscellaneous pieces.


Such was the scope of don Erasmo's curiosity that his writings fall into no obvious categories. Despite excursions like “En torno de Los intereses creados” (Hisp. IV, 1921), his principal orientation is toward the Middle Ages and the Golden Age, and oftener toward poetry than prose. Berceo, Villasandino, and other cancionero poets, the Romancero viejo, and unusual aspects of versification are recurring subjects. Among his most substantial and representative contributions are “ “Algunos antecedentes del culteranismo” ” (RR XI, 1920); “ “Traducciones inglesas de romances en el primer tercio del siglo XIX” ” (RH LXII, 1925, supplemented in vol. LXVIII of the same journal, in Estudios...a Bonilla II, 1930, and in RFE XX, 1933); a series of “ “Apuntaciones sobre el soneto con estrambote en la literatura española” ” (RH LXXII, 1928; LXXV, 1929; RFE XVIII, 1931; RFE XXI, 1934); and “ “La obra poética del conde de Salinas en opinión de grandes contemporáneos suyos” ” (RFE XII, 1925). Here it is pertinent to note that Buceta's explorations did not cease when he stopped publishing. It is particularly regrettable that his continued research on the Conde de Salinas produced no sequel to the last-mentioned study.

Brief as Buceta's articles typically are, repeatedly as the marginal comment or extended historical footnote appears among them, and seldom as, on the whole, their factual detachment reveals his refined personal taste and judgment, it is gratifying to observe the frequency with which he is cited by other scholars. This must have pleased him. To students who would have liked to see his illuminating critical observations in print, he used to explain that, since every generation calls for new appraisals and interpretations, criticism must be forever rewritten. But though these revaluations are necessary and meaningful, a valid datum is immutable and a lasting monument.

Don Erasmo was noted for his wit, and some of his mots are still current in the Faculty Club. He was not easy to know,

and to some his air of almost haughty aloofness may have seemed arrogant, though it was really a disguise for diffidence. His limited circle of students and friends knew what an enviable fund of information, sensibility and elegance he possessed. These qualities and his innate warmth and generosity left a permanent impression on his friends. He did demand adherence to a truly Spanish code of honor and etiquette, and it was easy to fall from grace. But such were the rewards for steadfastness that he compelled a devotion whose extent he, an enemy of all effusiveness, may never have divined.

Edwin S. Morby S. Griswold Morley A. Torres-Rioseco


John Sedgwick Burd, Soils and Plant Nutrition: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

The State of California lost a pioneer scientist, who contributed much to the progress of California agriculture, by the death of Professor John S. Burd on August 23, 1965, during his eighty-ninth year.

John Sedgwick Burd was born on September 20, 1876, in Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of William and Mary (Davis) Burd. During his childhood, the family moved to St. Louis, Missouri, then subsequently settled in San Francisco. In 1895, he became a student in the College of Chemistry of the University of California and graduated with the degree of B.S. in 1899. He was Assistant Chemist of the Spreckels Sugar Company, 1899-1900; Chemist, Oakland Board of Health, 1900-1901; Assistant Chemist, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 1901-1903; Chemist, Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station, 1903-1905; Consulting Chemist in San Francisco, 1905-1906. On July 1, 1906, he joined the Faculty of the University of California as Instructor in Agricultural Chemistry, with the specific task of administering the Fertilizer Control Laboratory as its Director. He became Assistant Professor in 1908, Associate Professor in 1911, Professor of Agricultural Chemistry and Head of the newly organized Division of Agricultural Chemistry in 1913. Until 1921, Professor Burd continued the direction of the Fertilizer Control Laboratory and the research activities of the Division of Agricultural Chemistry, in addition to his teaching

duties. In 1922 he became Professor of Plant Nutrition and a member of the newly organized Division of Plant Nutrition. He retired in 1946 as Professor of Plant Nutrition, Emeritus, but this title was changed to Professor of Soils and Plant Nutrition, Emeritus, upon the formation of that Department in 1955.

In 1915, under Professor Burd's guidance, the Division of Agricultural Chemistry initiated a research program in the field of soil-plant interrelationships. This field of investigation continued to be one of his major research activities in the Division of Plant Nutrition from 1922 until, and in fact, after his formal retirement on September 20, 1946. His particular contributions to the literature of soil chemistry have resulted from studies of the liquid phases displaced from soils and also of the behavior of phosphates in soils. Professor Burd's continued interest in the latter problem in later years is represented by a paper, “The Chemistry of the Phosphate Ion in Soil Systems,” published in Soil Science, March, 1948. In 1947 there was published a syllabus, The Soil as a Medium for Plant Growth. In addition to his own contributions, his direction of the research activities of graduate students has resulted in three notable doctoral dissertations which have gone far toward explaining certain anomalies of phosphate behavior in soils.

From 1920 to 1930, Professor Burd conducted extensive studies of the peat soils of the delta of the San Joaquin River. The interpretation of data obtained in the laboratory as well as in the field has aided in an improved management of these unusual soils.

From 1920 to 1927, Professor Burd served as a member of the Executive Committee, and as Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Chemical Research, of the San Francisco Bay Marine Piling Committee, whose function was to find means of combating damage to piers by marine organisms.

Professor Burd was very active in the development of democratic

procedures for the government of the University and served on many committees of the Academic Senate. He served for nine years on the important Committee on Budget and Interdepartmental Relations, served as Chairman of the Committee on Rules and Jurisdiction, and notably as Chairman of the Committee on Privilege and Tenure. He was judicial in temperament and his friendly advice to colleagues and students was always regarded highly.

Professor Burd was a member of the American Chemical Society and in April, 1958, he received a 50 year membership pin from the Society at its 133rd meeting in San Francisco. He was a member of Sigma Xi scientific honor society. Professor Burd was a very active member of the Faculty Club and Kosmos Club of the University of California; he was a member of the Athenian-Nile Club of Oakland, and of the Bohemian Club of San Francisco.

In his active years, Professor Burd was an enthusiastic member of the Sierra Club and spent many summer vacations on pack trips in the high Sierra Nevada. With the development of interest in skiing in California, he became a member of the Sierra Ski Club and participated in its activities at the club house in Norden.

Professor Burd was married on December 18, 1915, to Fannie Whittlesey Shore, also a member of the Sierra Club. He is survived by three sons, John Sedgwick Burd, Jr., William Whittlesey Burd, and David Quentin Burd.

James C. Martin Victor F. Lenzen Perry R. Stout


James Ralston Caldwell, English: Berkeley


James Ralston Caldwell, the son of Joseph Ralston and Anna Hyatt Caldwell, was born on January 20, 1900, in Hastings, Minnesota. He received his baccalaureate from Princeton, with a major in philosophy, in 1922, and his A.M. in English from Wisconsin in 1925. He was awarded the Ph.D. from Harvard in 1930. During his graduate residence at Wisconsin he was instructor in English, and was a tutor at Harvard while working toward his doctorate. He joined the Berkeley faculty as assistant professor of English in 1930, and attained his professorship in 1946. Professor Caldwell had not been in good health for several years before his death, but though confined to his house during the Spring semester of 1965 he continued to offer his seminar in the Romantic poets. He died on April 4th.

On September 1, 1929, he married Katherine Field Ehrgott. He is survived by his widow; a daughter, Sara Field Caldwell of New York City; his son, Daniel Ralston Caldwell, of Silver Spring, Maryland, a granddaughter Lisa, and a sister, Josephine, of Madison, Wisconsin.

The most arresting characteristic of Professor Caldwell's career was the range and variety of his talents and achievements. He was trained in the grand tradition of English and Germanic philology--a student of medieval Latin, of Gothic, and Old Norse. His doctoral dissertation was an edition of a medieval English romance for which he furnished a commentary that compelled him to make forays into the field of medieval

folklore. This reached publication at a later date in the Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature, as Eger and Grime, a parallel-text edition with an introductory study approaching 200 pages. But perhaps his most exacting and long-cherished project was an edition and a translation of Gervase of Tilbury's Otia Imperialia, in the study of which he so far perfected his techniques in paleography that he was enabled to make a rare discovery of an autograph manuscript of this early XIIIth century author. Again, in a vastly different direction, he was an historian and critic of English romanticism, responsible for excellent studies of Keats' poems and their intellectual backgrounds. His distinguished critical work, John Keats' Fancy, examines the effect on the poet of contemporary psychology. This interest he pursued in a number of shorter essays, among them, “Beauty is Truth,” and “The Solemn Romantics.” Further still, he was a poet in his own right. And, of course, he was a teacher, a speaker of pith and wit at conferences and commencements, a commentator on education, and most of his academic life an active adviser in various capacities to the administration of the University.

His range as a teacher was broad--as the range of his scholarship suggests. His training in philology sharpened his awareness of the precision of a poet's diction, and his sympathetic response to the poet's feeling made him a humane interpreter. He had a low tolerance for soft-headedness or recklessness in those who themselves aspired to be scholars and teachers. And yet, co-present with the disciplinarian, there was always a tolerance so gentle that no freshman could be so young, so shy, so sensitive as not to recognize in him an answering sympathy. The philologist and the poet, the historian and the critic, the school-master and the friend were commingled and blended into something individual and unique.

Part of this richness of his nature derived from the fact that he felt no discontinuity whatever between the study of literature and the conduct of life. His view of education was based

on this sense of their essential unity; and his conviction that they were lifelong companions led him to overtax his strength in efforts to make of the Extension Division a more effective and far-reaching instrument for the realization of his ideal. His devotion to the Civil Liberties Union, to the University Committee on Exemption from R.O.T.C. (on grounds of conscience), to the Draft Board during World War II were as whole-hearted as his commitments to medieval literature and to the Board of Trustees of the San Francisco Conservatory of Music. During the last war he wrote:

“Only the shallowest of pates can fail to comprehend that the future of literary scholarship and the future of the nation are tightly intertwined. Everyone agrees that this is a war to save our culture, and everyone knows that the great tradition of our literature more than any other body of our learning signifies these. It is a short hop from Shakespeare to the Marianas, and we had better not give up either position.”

Writing of his own profession, he distinguished the professor from other men only in that “he had taken great pains to acquire great knowledge”... and “had subjected himself to a severe, even a painful discipline in order to practice a profession with which his whole being was integrated.” The italicized words help to define what Professor Caldwell was. He was a man whose total intellectual activity was penetrated by his style of life, and validated by it. The great range and the seemingly paradoxical opposites in his own capabilities and temperament were the same qualities that made the subject of his theory of poetry--that lay deeply beneath his extraordinary appreciation of Keats, and even beneath his political life. The great characteristic of the poetic state, he taught, was a special freedom and richness of feeling, “a great and bold marshalling of consciousness.” “Poetry,” he said, “is a great act of emancipation, which is still an act of infinitely complex and firm control. Maximal freedom and the maximal order--can we not turn back to life for this value, leaving all possible

room for that difference between the consciousness of art and the mind of life?” Freedom, and order. Plenitude, and integration. Few of us will be able to tally up all of the ways in which he held these together, but we all recognize the combination: his readiness to feel, and his aversion to sentimentality; his zest for experience and his sobriety of taste; the style of his language, rich and allusive, yet spare and tart; his seriousness, ever on the edge of play; and the playfulness with which he could disguise his seriousness.

To keep all these alive and harmonious is a high art, which exacts its toll in a painful self-discipline. But the reward for those rare mortals who can sustain the exertion required of being wholly human is, finally, humility and the grace that comes with it. Such grace he had. Not one of his friends but will remember at least one occasion when with characteristic perception and utterance and manner he expressed what--after he had expressed it--was recognized to be inevitably and exactly the right thing.

C. Muscatine B. H. Bronson J. M. Cline


Frances Meaker Colville, Physical Education: Los Angeles and Santa Barbara


Miss Frances Meaker Colville was born in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, July 13, 1920, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. K. H. Colville, Sr. Along with two younger brothers, she grew up in the family home of three generations. She attended Benjamin Franklin High School in that city before transferring to Chatham Hall, Virginia, where she graduated in 1938.

Miss Colville attended Wellesley College and obtained her B.A. degree with a major in Psychology. In 1943 she completed her M.S. degree at Wellesley in the area of physical education. She received the Ph.D. at the University of Southern California in 1955.

Before coming to the University of California, Santa Barbara, Miss Colville taught at Bryn Mawr College, Smith College, University of California at Los Angeles, and University of Southern California. In 1955 she joined the faculty at Santa Barbara with the rank of Assistant Professor. She combined her interests in psychology and physical education, devoting much of her time to research in the areas of motor learning and tests and measurement. A paper on ““The Learning of Motor Skills as Influenced by Knowledge of Mechanical Principles”” appeared in the Journal of Educational Psychology in October, 1957. This paper was included in the publication, Reading in Child and Adolescent Psychology. The Research Quarterly of the American Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, March, 1960, presented her research article, ““The Effect of Duration of Exercise on Neuromuscular

Hand Tremor.”” She also completed an article, ““The Influence of Varying Intensity of Exercise on Neuromuscular Hand Steadiness of Skilled and Non-Skilled Performers.”” During her extended illness, she was working on a textbook for college classes in Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education. It is regrettable that she was unable to finish, and it is hoped that her colleagues may find it possible to complete this endeavor.

Miss Colville was most conscientious, an invaluable member of the committees on which she served, always prepared and willing to do more than her share. She devoted a great deal of time and energy to serving the University on a local as well as statewide level. She was Chairman of the Committee on Admission two of her three years on the Committee, and was on the Statewide Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools in 1958. In addition she served on the Applied Arts Advisory Committee, Committee on Academic Freedom, Committee on Non-Tenure Promotions and was a delegate to various state meetings. With her usual thoroughness and attention to detail, she contributed much to the planning of Robertson Gymnasium.

On the national level, Miss Colville served as Chairman of the Editorial and Publications Committee of the Officiating Section of the Division of Girls' and Women's Sports in the American Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation. She was a national officer for three years. She also fulfilled assignments of significance in the Western Society of Physical Education for College Women. As a member of the Santa Barbara Tri-County Board of Women's Officials, she served in many capacities, at the same time holding national ratings in officiating in basketball, swimming, and tennis. She was an accomplished tennis player and held a low handicap in golf.

Frances Colville was a dedicated teacher. She gave unstintingly of her time and energy to students and their problems.

She was straightforward with them, very patient, and helpful. Her pleasant and kind manner were greatly appreciated. She had a genuine interest in learning, and was recognized as a scholar. She encouraged her students to solve problems for themselves and in so doing contributed to their personal as well as professional growth. She set high standards which inspired them to go beyond mere requirements for desired performance. Her personal traits of thoroughness and good organization were reflected in her teaching. On this campus as well as in her previous teaching positions, she worked closely with graduate students and was most adept at guiding them with regard to the research necessary for the Master's thesis. Throughout her teaching career she was in demand as advisor for various student groups. She thoroughly enjoyed working with young people and provided excellent leadership.

Miss Colville's personal charm and integrity made her a valued friend and colleague. Because of her competence and conscientiousness, she was highly respected professionally as well as personally. She was candid and honest; her opinions, always based on careful consideration of the issue at hand, were received with high regard. When she spoke, people listened because they knew she had something to say.

Throughout her long battle with cancer she asked no concessions and made no complaints. With her, courage was a quiet virtue and she continued her teaching with the enthusiasm and dedication which had characterized her work from the start of her career. Her calmness, her warm smile, and sense of humor were appreciated and enjoyed by all who knew her. She accepted more than her share of responsibilities and carried them out at such a pace and in such an amiable manner that relatively few people realized that she was ill. For her close colleagues, however, her attitude toward life, her indomitable spirit and her fortitude in the face of constant pain were an inspiration.

Miss Colville passed away August 4, 1964. Her place will

not readily be filled. Her family, when trying to accept things as they were, reflected that Fran's life would have to be judged on the quality rather than the length. For all those who worked with her or studied under her, that quality was truly exceptional.

Marian H. Anderson Patricia Sparrow Walter H. Muller


Alva Raymond Davis, Botany: Berkeley

Professor of Plant Physiology, Emeritus

Dr. Alva Raymond Davis, distinguished botanist and plant physiologist, former Dean of the College of Letters and Science, and Vice Chancellor of the Berkeley Campus, died in Berkeley on July 15, 1965. Born at Cascade, Iowa, on February 15, 1887, he was the son of John William and Elizabeth Orr Davis. Through early enlistment in the United States Navy (1903-1908) he acquired the persistent nickname of “Sailor,” by which he was known to all his many friends.

After receiving the A.B. degree from Pomona College in 1912, Davis accepted a Lackland Research Fellowship at Washington University, St. Louis, to enable him to undertake graduate work with Benjamin M. Duggar. (Professor Duggar subsequently achieved public recognition as the discoverer of aureomycin.) Davis' principal research objective was the determination of the nature and distribution of enzymes in the cells of marine algae. Two of his summers were spent appropriately as an instructor at the Woods Hole Biological Laboratories; a third summer was spent as an instructor at Pomona. He was awarded the Ph.D. by Washington University in 1915. In 1916 he married Hulda Eugenie Scharle, a Pomona classmate, to whom he remained devoted until her death in 1961. The year of his marriage he joined the staff of the University of Nebraska as Assistant Professor of Botany and Plant Pathology. He had scarcely unpacked his bags, however, when he departed for a two-year stint in the United States Army.


In 1919 he became an Instructor in the Division of Soil Chemistry and Bacteriology, College of Agriculture, Berkeley, and, two years later, Assistant Professor of Plant Nutrition. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1925 and to the full Professorship in 1929, first in the Division of Plant Nutrition, and after 1934 in the Department of Botany. Davis was an integral part of one of this University's most famous and productive research teams, that headed by the late Dennis R. Hoagland, which made so many important contributions to our understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants, and the application of this knowledge to agricultural problems. Davis first conducted an important statistical study of the variability of plants grown in water culture. He was then led into a long series of productive investigations dealing with the problems of the intake and accumulation of various ions by living plant cells, and the influence upon these phenomena of such factors as light, temperature, and ion antagonism. This, in turn, led to the designing of apparatus for the growing of test plants in a completely controlled environment.

In 1936, after having had a major part in planning its reorganization, he took over the chairmanship of the Department of Botany. The department then rated as “distinguished,” but it had been badly decimated by retirements and deaths. Davis succeeded in establishing a relaxed atmosphere of warm good fellowship and complete democracy in which departmental discussions and affairs were conducted. The resultant spirit of loyalty, frankness, and friendly tolerance is a cherished heritage of his leadership that the Department of Botany hopes always to retain.

He served as the first budgetary Dean of the College of Letters and Science from 1947 to 1955, and was largely responsible for its present structure. Upon retirement, he was recalled to active service as Vice Chancellor for the year 1955.

Davis was honored by appointment or election to many offices in the Academic Senate and in professional and other

societies. He served as chairman of the Library, Research, and Budget committees, as Vice Chairman of the Academic Senate in 1942-1945, and again in 1947. He was president of the Faculty Club, the local chapter of Sigma Xi, the Pacific Division of the American Society of Plant Physiologists, and the California Botanical Society, and vice president of the Western Society of Naturalists. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and the Faculty, Kosmos, History of Science, Sierra, Sierra Ski, Bohemian, and Commonwealth clubs. During World War II he re-entered the United States Army and served as director of specialized training programs at San Diego and at Fort Bliss, Texas, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He served as a member and chairman of the Academic Advisory Board of the United States Maritime Commission. In 1958 and 1959 he formed an important part of a State Department team sent to assist in reorganizing the University of Concepcion, Chile. Davis was awarded the D.Sc. by Pomona College in 1948. King Olav of Norway personally presented him with the Royal Order of St. Olav (Knight First Class) in 1960, in recognition of his successful efforts to establish a Department of Scandinavian Languages and Literature.

“Sailor” Davis had many interests and hobbies, including woodworking, skiing, playing billiards, writing verse, and painting. He and Mrs. Davis traveled extensively after his retirement, and he visited Africa after her death. He had an unusual gift in being able to encapsulate the essence of a place or an event in a postcard message. In awarding Davis the honorary LL.D. in 1957, President Sproul referred to him as “a quiet worker in the academic vineyard upon whose judgment the University has leaned heavily in maintaining the quality of its product.” This is perhaps an understatement of his selfless dedication to the welfare of the University and his extraordinarily manifold contributions to it.


He is survived by two children, Alva Raymond Davis, Jr., of Corona del Mar, and Margaret Ellen (Mrs. Robert Imrie), of Walnut Creek, and by four grandchildren.

L. Constance A. S. Foster G. E. Marsh


Terry Hamilton Dearborn, Health and Physical Education: Santa Barbara

Associate Professor

Terry Hamilton Dearborn, a member of the staff of the Department of Health and Physical Education for twenty-four years, died of a coronary thrombosis on November 7, 1964. He left his widow, Patricia Curtis Dearborn, whom he married in Ojai in August, 1958; a son, Terry H. Dearborn, Jr. of Lafayette; daughters, Cynthia Dearborn and Mrs. Linda Schippers of Palo Alto; and his father, Charles Dearborn of Fresno. Also surviving are three sisters, Mrs. Frank Embree of Chico, Mrs. Ruth Sessler of Alhambra and Mrs. Carolyn Randolph of Fresno and one grandchild, Allan S. Dearborn.

He was born April 27, 1907, in Bozeman, Montana, and attended Stanford University where he was awarded the A.B. degree in 1934 and his doctorate in 1950. During Stanford University's 50th Anniversary event, Dr. Dearborn was honored as one of the ten outstanding students from Stanford's School of Hygiene and Physical Education.

Dr. Dearborn joined the University staff in 1940 when the school was known as Santa Barbara State College. He served as chairman of the Department of Health and Physical Education from 1943 to 1946 and again from 1948 to 1951. From students he won both warm respect and affectionate admiration. Over the years at Santa Barbara, he particularly enjoyed teaching and helping students to develop competencies improving their effectiveness as individuals as well as their ability to serve others. He was most successful in stimulating

in his students an intellectual curiosity as well as an awareness of the relationship of their subject matter to other fields of knowledge.

Undoubtedly, Dr. Dearborn felt that his greatest service was as a teacher. His foremost love was teaching health education--his prime specialty--the subject of his doctoral major and related to his dissertation, “The Measurement of Health Knowledge.” He taught the professional courses in school health education at Santa Barbara almost uninterruptedly during the past twenty-four years. Students found him to be an exceptionally well-informed and thought-provoking teacher, as well as an understanding and sympathetic counselor. As a department colleague, his judgment was highly respected on all matters and especially those related to policy and curriculum revisions, and in every instance he showed a capacity to handle these tasks with ingenious scholarly skill and genuine dedication. His works always reflected meticulousness and thoroughness in preparation regardless of how small or insignificant the problems might have been, and in all his relationships, professional as well as personal, his utmost concern was for his fellow men. The growth and advancement of the Department was due largely to his genuine interest, scholarly approach, experience and leadership.

Acknowledged as an authority in the field of health education, emphasizing health knowledge testing, he wrote numerous publications in this field. On the national scene, his College Health Knowledge Test, published by Stanford University Press in 1950 and revised in 1959, is a standardized instrument now used extensively in more than two hundred colleges and universities over the country, with further use in industry and private medicine. Among his publications are, “The Need for More Adequate Health Instruction,” “Improvement of Classroom Instruction in Hygiene,” “Comparative Class Performances and Gains in Junior College Health Education,” and “A Plan for Pre-Testing in Health Education”.

Perhaps his most important and most recognized contribution was his last publication, co-authored with Drs. Blanche G. Babbit and Ruth Rich, “The Health Knowledge Achievement of Junior College Students in California,” published by the California State Department of Education.

Terry Dearborn's deep commitment to service was fully reflected in his many committee memberships both departmental and campus-wide. A few of his more prominent contributions included membership on the Special Committee on Affiliation with the Academic Senate and the Committee on Rules and Jurisdiction. He consistently and devotedly served on various departmental committees. This service included the chairmanship of both the Curriculum Committee and the Committee for “Design for Growth to 1970.”

It would be difficult to overemphasize the contributions that Dr. Dearborn made in the area of public service. He was active in the local Red Cross chapter from 1933, serving as a member of the Board of Directors, chairman of the Water Safety program, member of the First Aid Committee, and a certified instructor in First Aid, Water Safety, and Small Craft. In June of 1961, at the request of the Pacific Area office, he served as director of the small craft section of the American Red Cross National Aquatic Schools conducted at Riverside, California. He was a consultant in aquatic sports and water safety for Santa Barbara City and County, California Division of Beaches and Parks, Boy Scouts, Sea Scouts, Mariners, Semana Nautica, Skin Diver's Club, and a merit badge examiner in swimming and lifesaving for the Boy Scouts of America. Also, for a number of years he was a member of the Board of Directors and of the Executive Committee of the Santa Barbara Semana Nautica Association. In addition, he gave freely of his time to the Santa Barbara Society for Crippled Children and the Park Department.

The profession, the University and the community of Santa Barbara have sustained a great loss. However, Dr. Dearborn's

conservative and quiet manner characterized by high principles, loyalty, integrity, thoughtfulness, and devotion to purpose shall live on in the hearts and memories of those who knew him and loved him.

R. H. Rochelle H. Girvetz T. Harder


Edmund Eisenberg, Electrical Engineering; Industrial Engineering: Berkeley

Assistant Professor

To write a memorial biography of Edmund Eisenberg is a task which is doubly painful: it is to review the life of a friend and colleague dead of cancer at thirty-six; it is to contemplate a career of merit and promise prematurely terminated.

Professor Eisenberg was born on June 2, 1928, in Cracow, Poland. To be a Jew in that time and place is not, in retrospect, to be recorded as a happy event; it was this circumstance of birth that shaped much of Professor Eisenberg's life. His early childhood, until the onslaught of Hitler's armies, he remembered as happy and uneventful. His surviving sister recalls his displaying a mathematical genius as early as the age of four. Then came the invasion of Poland, and, from ages eleven to seventeen, young Eisenberg was imprisoned in various ghettos and concentration camps in Poland and Germany. He appears to have been the sole survivor of the members of his family who were in Europe at the beginning of the War; it was a survival he attributed to a freak accident.

After the War, he spent two years as a displaced person in Germany and France. He arrived in the United States in 1947, and, after making up at night school the high school education he had missed, he took his B.S. in Mathematics and Physics at Brooklyn College in 1954. He then entered Brown University to work toward the Ph.D. in Mathematics, which was granted in 1959. During his progress toward the

Ph.D., he spent one year in Cincinnati with the General Electric Company, and one year as a consultant to the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, the latter in the company of his research supervisor, David Gale, who was then on sabbatical leave. Professor Gale, recent head of the Mathematics Department at Brown University, characterizes Professor Eisenberg as having been “far and away (my) best” Ph.D. student: “Working with him was one of the most rewarding experiences I have had in my teaching career.”

From 1959 to 1961, Professor Eisenberg was with the Hughes Aircraft Company in Malibu, California, as a research mathematician. He then came to the Berkeley campus as a Lecturer in Industrial Engineering and Research Mathematician at the Operations Research Center. He was appointed Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering and Industrial Engineering in 1962, a position he held until his death on January 23, 1965.

In his capacity as mathematician, Professor Eisenberg produced a series of important publications which served to broaden the foundations of system analysis as a potential branch of mathematics. His research was concerned not so much with the formulation of mathematical models of planning and control systems, as with their mathematical properties, their generalizations and numerical solutions.

In his early research, in collaboration with Gale, he produced their joint paper, “Consensus of Subjective Probabilities: the Pari-Mutuel Method.” This paper is one of three papers that Eisenberg wrote concerning possible mechanisms whereby individuals in an economy will trade their resources with other individuals in order to achieve a maximum gain according to their individual preferences.

Professor Eisenberg's research next turned to study of non-linear inequality systems. In his paper, “Duality in Homogeneous Programming,” he generalized for the non-linear case certain results of the famous mathematician J. von Neumann.

He further extended the duality concept in his paper (joint with Cottle and Dantzig), “Symmetric Dual Non-linear Programs.” This research was followed by a number of papers extending non-linear programming theory by removing various regularity restrictions such as differentiability or assumptions such as the finiteness of the set of constraints.

Professor Eisenberg also concerned himself with problems in information theory--for example, the computation of channel capacity--and in pattern recognition. In the latter area, he obtained (jointly with E. Wong) an important result on the separability of sets of patterns by a piecewise-linear majority system.

As a mathematician, Professor Eisenberg had a fine sense of rigor. His proofs of theorems were concise and elegant. Students under his tutelage showed noticeable growth in their ability properly to apply abstract mathematical tools to engineering problems in operations research and other areas. He thus substantially contributed to the fulfillment of one of the major objectives of the Engineering curricula at Berkeley.

A life cannot be properly summed up in biographical data, nor even in a tally of professional achievements, no matter how important these latter may be. One must ask, “What sort of man was this?” Professor Eisenberg will be remembered not only for his accomplishments as a mathematician, but--more importantly--he will be remembered by his colleagues and friends as a fine person. He was not easy to get to know closely; but once one knew him, his friendship was an uncommonly rich and rewarding experience. Despite, or perhaps because of, his more-than-fair share of suffering--his wartime experiences, a nearly fatal stomach operation, his terminal battle with cancer--Professor Eisenberg remained a warm, sensitive and gentle human being. The world can ask for no better epitaph.

George L. Turin Stanley A. Berger George B. Dantzig


Ruth Doolittle Ellison, Art: Santa Barbara

Associate Professor

Mrs. Ruth Doolittle Ellison, Associate Professor of Art, Emeritus, was born June 2, 1896, in Geneva, Illinois. She died December 5, 1964, in Santa Barbara. She had been a faculty member first of Santa Barbara State College, later of the University of California, Santa Barbara, from 1928 until her retirement in 1957.

She began her formal education at Oregon State College and was in the first class to receive Bachelors' Degrees from Santa Barbara State Teachers' College in 1927. She received her Master of Arts Degree from Stanford University in 1933, and pursued additional special study at the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles, and at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Mrs. Ellison began teaching at the Oakland High School in 1927-28. While completing her degree at Santa Barbara State she was a part-time instructor for two years. She was appointed Instructor there in 1928 and was an Associate Professor when the state college became one of the campuses of the University of California. Her retirement in 1957 thus was the culmination of thirty-two years of devoted service to the same institution.

The chairmanship of the Department of Art was Mrs. Ellison's responsibility during the critical years of 1944-47. This was the period when Santa Barbara State College became a campus of the University of California and the aims and objectives of the Department needed restudy in the light of the

University context. Changing emphasis and the recruitment of new faculty to provide instruction in these new directions were initiated under Mrs. Ellison's direction.

The two areas of teaching which were her special interest and in which she excelled were teacher training and crafts, particularly jewelry. In teacher training, it was not only her wide knowledge of the field, but also the example of her own personal charm, which guided and inspired her students. Deeply interested in crafts of all times and places, she was herself an excellent craftsman in many techniques. She also collected avidly examples of craft from her extensive travels, and her classes were enriched by her collection and her personal experience and observations of craftsmanship in many cultures. Mrs. Ellison wrote a college-level textbook, Design, which was published in three editions by the Pacific Education Press. Her knowledge and experience were thus extended far beyond the confines of her classroom. She was in charge of the supervision of all student teachers in art from the completion of her chairmanship until she retired.

Mrs. Ellison travelled widely in Europe, South America, and Mexico. During a sabbatical leave of absence in 1949-50, she made a trip to South America visiting important centers on both east and west coasts. She made a particularly detailed study of Inca and pre-Inca cultures in Peru. An exhibition of her paintings and examples of crafts she had collected was shown in the University Gallery on the Riviera campus. Films of her travels in the Andes and of the monuments of Inca civilization were shown as an All-College lecture in the fall of 1950. After her retirement she continued to travel, particularly to Mexico and Japan.

In 1952 Mrs. Ellison married Dr. William H. Ellison, Professor Emeritus of History. They were, at the time of her retirement, the first emeritus couple on the Santa Barbara campus. Both of them maintained offices on the campus, and

Mrs. Ellison continued an energetic program of experimentation especially in jewelry and mosaic techniques.

The University of California can remember with gratitude the example of Mrs. Ellison whose knowledge, skill, and love for the arts were reflected in the charm and grace of her personality.

William Dole Donald C. Davidson Jacob Lindberg-Hansen


William Henry Ellison, History: Santa Barbara

Professor Emeritus

William Henry Ellison, Professor of History, Emeritus, and Doctor of Laws, enjoyed a long life of dedication and devotion to his subject, to his colleagues and students, and to the educational institutions with which he was connected. Grief at the loss of so able, distinguished and friendly a man is more than tempered by recognition that his was a full life, steadily widening in scope and interests from his beginnings through his long academic career into the period of his retirement from active teaching until the very time of his death, when he had only a few days earlier completed a history of the State College entitled Antecedents of the University of California, Santa Barbara, 1891-1944. Thus he knew the great satisfaction of steady intellectual activity supported by the warm admiration of his many friends in the academic world and of still others in the larger community.

Professor Ellison was born in Falls Church, Virginia. A period of economic difficulty caused by the untimely death of his father and the invalidism of his mother compelled him to work for his livelihood over a period of five years, after which he matriculated at Randolph-Macon College, where he studied under the noted diplomat and historian, William Edward Dodd, and where he received his B.A. degree in 1904. He moved to California and here, in the following six years, he served as a Methodist minister despite his having had no seminary training. He married Elizabeth Julia Cooksey on October 23, 1905. Theirs was a marriage of 46 years which produced two children. Mrs. Ellison died in 1951.


In 1910, he entered the Pacific Theological Seminary, but shortly thereafter he began his graduate work in history at the University of California, Berkeley, where he studied under Herbert E. Bolton. He received his M.A. in 1913.

He interrupted his work on his Ph.D. when he took his first teaching position as Head of the History Department at Palo Alto High School in 1915. He came to Santa Barbara in 1916, where he was Head of the History Department at the high school and Dean at the junior college. he received his Ph.D., with specialized study in the History of California and the Pacific Ocean area, in 1919.

Dr. Ellison thereafter became Associate Professor in History at the University of Oregon in 1920, but his wife's failing health caused him to return to Santa Barbara College in 1924. He served as Acting Dean of the Lower Division and Dean of Men until 1929, when he was named Head of the Social Science Department and Professor of History. Professor Ellison functioned in those capacities until 1944, when the University of California took over Santa Barbara State College. At that time, he was named chairman of the Department of Social Sciences, a position which he held until 1946. He became Professor Emeritus in 1948.

In these years Professor Ellison published numerous works on early California History, including A Self Governing Dominion--California 1849-1860, The Life and Adventures of George Nidever, and The Life and Adventures in California of Don Agustin Janssens. His authorship and editorship of such books made him a distinguished authority on California History and of the Indians of the American Southwest. In addition, he was a contributor to numerous publications of scholarly journals such as the Mississippi Valley Historical Review, the Journal of Southern History, the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, the Pacific Historical Review, and the California Historical Society Quarterly. As the Research Lecture Committee remarked on the occasion of recommending him as

Faculty Research Lecturer, “Because Professor Ellison's work was of such a high quality and because he carried on research at Santa Barbara College before it became a campus of the University of California, at a time when facilities were relatively meager and when research was not expected, his accomplishments have been an inspiration to his colleagues.”

Professor Ellison's reputation as a scholar was recognized by fellow historians when he was elected President of the Pacific Coast Branch of the American Historical Association in 1934. He assisted in the founding of the Pacific Historical Review, the organization's journal, and served on the Board of Editors. He was President and Director of the Santa Barbara Historical Society, President of the Southern California Branch of the National Association of Indian Affairs, and was an active member of scholarly societies such as the American Historical Association, the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, the American Association of University Professors, and the National Council of the Social Studies. From the time of its founding until his death, he was a Sponsor of the California Historical Foundation, and in recognition of his work in Franciscan History, in 1952 he was elected Corresponding Member of the Academy of American Franciscan History. In 1955 he was named the first Wyles Board Fellow at Santa Barbara College.

As Emeritus Professor, he continued his interest in research and published extensively, his books totaling seven before his death.

In addition to his scholarship, William Ellison was devoted to the academic improvement of Santa Barbara. He advocated the transfer of the institution from a state college to a University of California campus, and once the change had been made, he stood forth as a champion of regular University entrance requirements and the application of appropriate grading standards. Although it took some years for these ideals to be realized, in the end his foresight was justified. Indeed,

it can be said that Santa Barbara would not have developed as rapidly and as wisely had it not been for Professor Ellison's dedicated and unflagging concern.

As a teacher, he infused his students with respect for history and for his scholarly discernment. As a colleague, he received deep affection for his consistent dedication to principles, his interest in the welfare of the younger members of the staff, and his abiding enthusiasm for the liberal arts. As a member of the community, he gave generously of his energies for many public talks and lectures. For his services, he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, by President Kerr in 1964. While his own quiet humor might have led him to disclaim the accolade, his rich life was indeed a triumph.

In 1952, he married Ruth N. Doolittle, UCSB Associate Professor of Art, in San Luis Obispo. She died December 5, 1964.

Professor Ellison is survived by a son, Edwin H. Ellison of Placerville; a daughter, Mrs. Margaret Beckman of Falls Church, Virginia; three grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.

Wilbur R. Jacobs Donald C. Davidson George Hand


Edward Oliver Essig, Entomology and Parasitology: Berkeley

Professor of Entomology, Emeritus

Edward Oliver Essig passed away on November 23, 1964. He was born in Arcadia, Indiana, September 29, 1884. In 1888 his family moved to California where Essig was reared and received his education. While Essig was attending normal school in Eureka the minister of the Congregational Church recognized his unusual ability. Because his parents were of humble means, the minister made arrangements whereby Essig was sent to study in Pomona Preparatory School before entering Pomona College. He intended to study for the ministry, but on entering college he came under the influence of two outstanding professors--A. J. Cook and Charles Fuller Baker. They had a profound effect upon him and furnished the inspiration that launched Essig on his remarkable and seldom equalled entomological career. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1909 and his Master of Science degree in 1912.

E. O. Essig's ability, enthusiasm, capacity, forcefulness, and effectiveness became outstandingly apparent while he was still a student. This is well shown in the Pomona Journal of Entomology which had its beginning in 1909. This journal served as a vehicle for his earliest and numerous excellent contributions and as these decreased so did the size of the volumes.

From 1910 to 1911 Essig was Horticultural Commissioner in Ventura County. He followed A. J. Cook to the California State Commission of Horticulture where he served as Secretary

to the Commission from 1911 to 1914. He was also named editor-in-chief of the Monthly Bulletin of the State Commission of Horticulture later known as the Monthly Bulletin of the California State Department of Agriculture. In these positions he demonstrated stimulating leadership and established himself as one of the foremost entomologists in the world. The Monthly Bulletin furnished an organ in which he was able to pour out his seemingly inexhaustible energies and during this period the foundation for his outstanding publication “Insects of Western North America” was developed. In 1914 Essig left the State Commission of Horticulture and joined the Department of Entomology at the University of California as Instructor in Entomology. He continued to maintain a close relationship with the State Department of Agriculture and was one of the very few men to be made an Honorary Member of the State Association of County Agricultural Commissioners.

In 1916, E. O. Essig attained the rank of Assistant Professor and advanced to Associate Professor in 1921. He received his Professorship in 1928 and became Professor Emeritus in 1954. In 1925 he was given the additional title of Associate Entomologist in the Experiment Station which changed to Entomologist in the Experiment Station when he was elevated to full professorship in 1928. From 1942 to 1943 he served as Acting Chairman of the Division of Entomology and Parasitology and as Chairman from 1943 to 1951. Under his influence and leadership the department grew and expanded to a height never before achieved. Among the innovations during his tenure were the initiation of the California Insect Survey, the first course in Insect Pathology given in any University, and the establishment of a course in Nematology. Further, the work in all other fields was accelerated.

Of all his accomplishments none was more pronounced than his teaching ability. He was a kindly, gracious person enthusiastically devoted to his students, and took a warm

personal interest in their problems. He was freely accessible and had the power to encourage and stimulate them to put forth their best efforts. Because of his deep concern for their welfare he was frequently known as the students' best friend. His lectures were well organized and outstanding because of the wealth of knowledge and experience he had at his disposal. He was always in command of the situation, and was able to rise to any occasion and speak with eloquence. Professor Essig was witty and the sparkle in his eyes added to the pleasure of his association. Also, he furnished sound advice to his graduate students. To further a closer relation with students he encouraged field trips and founded a student organization called “Fitchia” so named after the first economic entomologist Asa Fitch. This informal group was propelled by his dynamic personality. It often met in his home and on occasion conducted field trips. The real purpose of the organization was social and it was a successful means whereby students, their wives, staff members and other interested biologists could become acquainted and develop a better rapport. The many students who have come under the inspired influence of Professor Essig and his many renowned publications have contributed greatly to his acknowledged leadership throughout the world.

Professor Essig's publications, which include several books, number well over 500 and cover a wide range of subject matter. He published on most phases of entomology and was profoundly interested in botany and history, particularly as it pertained to entomology and science. He was an able investigator in several phases of entomology and was a world noted aphidologist.

Essig had a great love for plants, and his garden reflected this devotion. It was beautifully cared for, represented a vast variety of artistically arranged plants, and was usually a mass of bloom. He was a member of numerous garden clubs and one of the founders of the American Fuchsia Society and

served as its president in 1932. He was also a member of The American Iris Society and was regional vice-president 1931-1933. He was interested in iris hybridizing and his success in this field culminated in the award of the Dykes Medal of the Royal Horticultural Society of Britain in 1936.

Professor Essig played an active role in all the organizations in which he was associated. In most of them, and especially in the University, he served in the capacity of administrator on important committees or boards. The following includes some of the scientific and honorary organizations to which he belonged: Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; Fellow of the Entomological Society of America and its president in 1938; a member and in 1944 President of the American Association of Economic Entomologists; member of the Pacific Coast Entomological Society where he served as President from 1933 to 1936 and again in 1941 and 1952; Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences and Corresponding Secretary from 1948 to 1953; California Entomology Club and President in 1931, History of Science Society, Sigma Xi, Alpha Zeta, Phi Sigma and Alpha Gamma Rho. Following his retirement he was elected to Honorary Membership in the Entomological Society of America. Another honor that bears mention is the Chevalier du Merite Agricole which was bestowed upon him by the French Ministry of Agriculture in 1932. Some committees on which he also served included the Committee for Relief of Belgium and two terms as a member of the Advisory Committee on Agriculture and Biology to the National Research Council.

Professor Essig left his large and valuable collection of mounted aphids to the University of California's Department of Entomology and Parasitology as well as his very extensive and invaluable library which includes many volumes of great historical value. He is survived by his wife Marie and by a daughter from a former marriage.


Professor Essig's death has resulted in a great loss to entomology but his accomplishments and dedication live on to the enrichment of others.

A. E. Michelbacher W. H. Lange, Jr. R. F. Smith


John Davis Green, Anatomy: Los Angeles


Anatomy, neurophysiology and neuroendocrinology each suffered the loss of an outstanding internationally renowned authority when untimely death took John Davis Green, Professor of Anatomy at UCLA. Dr. Green was only 47 years old when he succumbed to a coronary attack December 10, 1964. He is survived by his widow, Dr. Kathryn Thomas Green of Los Angeles, and a brother and two sisters in England.

Born July 27, 1917 in Guildford, Surrey, England, John was the son of a well-educated clergyman. During most of his early life, the family home was in or near Oxford. At the age of 3 he developed spinal tuberculosis, probably as a result of being fed untested milk in early infancy before the end of World War I. The TB was not diagnosed until a year later, and from the ages 4-8 he was bedridden, immobilized in a plaster cast from knees to neck. In 1925 with the disease under control, the cast was shed and he learned to walk again with a metal and leather back support. Not until six years later with the successful surgical fusion of five lumbar vertebrae was he able to discard the cumbersome harness and consider the TB defeated. He was meanwhile deprived of a normal boyhood and his subsequent accomplishments, immense by any standards, assume even greater stature when viewed in the light of the physical problems to be overcome. The handicap of a weak back was ultimately to determine his choice of a career in anatomy rather than surgery, the goal for which he trained in medical school.


With an early profound interest in science, Green attended the City of Oxford School and spent a premedical year at Cardiff Technical College prior to matriculation at St. Johns College at Oxford University. He received his B.A. with honors in 1939 and three years later his qualifications in medicine and surgery, the B.M., B.Ch. (Oxon), winning the Radcliff Prize in Obstetrics. After serving a year as House Surgeon at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary he sat for the primary examination for the FRCS degree and received the Hallett Prize of the Royal College of Surgeons for the best paper in anatomy. It was at this stage that he decided on a career in anatomy and he accepted a Demonstratorship in Anatomy at Cambridge University in 1943. Oxford University awarded him the M.A. degree in 1945 and the M.D. degree in 1951.

At Cambridge (1943-46) Dr. Green joined forces with Dr. Geoffry Harris in studies on nervous control of the pituitary gland. Together they demonstrated that the pituitary portal venous system conducted blood from the median eminence to the anterior hypophysis, a finding which gave strong support for the concept that hypothalamic control of the adenohypophysis was exerted by neurohumoral agents rather than direct secretomotor nerve fibers. This theory is almost universally accepted today, and it serves as the foundation of an important subdiscipline in neuroendrocrinology.

The Alexander Blain Hospital Fellowship in Anatomy brought Dr. Green to Wayne University in Detroit in 1946, and he remained at Wayne as Fellow, Instructor, and Assistant Professor of Anatomy until 1952. In 1949 he was awarded one of the highly prized five year Markle Scholarships in Medical Sciences. While at Wayne he continued his anatomical studies on the nervous control of the hypophysis and published among other important papers his classical comparative anatomical study in which he showed that the pituitary portal system is a feature common to all air-breathing vertebrates. Also at Wayne University he collaborated with the

late Professor Morin in studies related to the neurophysiology of the rhinencephalon about which he was to become an authority in future years.

Moving to the new UCLA Medical School in 1952 as Associate Professor of Anatomy, Dr. Green expanded his electrophysiological studies and added the techniques of electron microscopy to his research skills in neuroanatomy and neuroendocrinology. It was at Los Angeles in Professor H. W. Magoun's Department of Anatomy and the developing Brain Research Institute that Dr. Green's abilities reached full bloom. In twelve short years his productivity of outstanding research publications was astounding.

In his physiological research Dr. Green was joined by more than a score of post doctoral research associates from a dozen or more foreign countries as well as the United States. Several investigators were already established when they came to Dr. Green's laboratory while others were relatively untrained; all agreed that collaborative research with this enthusiastic dedicated scientist was a most stimulating and memorable experience. Included among Dr. Green's collaborators were Adey from Australia, Arduini, Mancia and Ricci from Italy, Cross and Harris from England, Izquierdo from Argentina, de Groot from Holland, Machne from Trieste, Naquet from France, Negishi and Shimomoto from Japan, Petsche and Stumpf from Austria, Von Baumgarten from Germany, Von Euler from Sweden, Bravo from Spain, and Clemente, Maxwell, Schindler and Sutin from the United States.

For many years the hippocampus was the primary target of Dr. Green's neurophysiological research efforts. In this important component of the rhinencephalon he and his colleagues made so many fundamental observations that it is impossible even to list all of them here. With evoked potential techniques they traced nervous pathways between the hippocampus and other parts of the forebrain and brainstem and proposed that one afferent route to the hypophysis involved

sequentially the midbrain reticular system, nonspecific thalamic nuclei, septum, hippocampus, precommissural fornix, amygdala and basal hypothalamus. Green and his associates pioneered in the use of chronic subcortical macroelectrodes for recording electrical activity of deep regions of the brain, and subsequently he developed a widely used metal microelectrode for extraneuronal unit recording. Green and his colleagues noted a sinusoidal 4-7 cycle per second (theta) hippocampal rhythm whenever behaving animals were alert or artificially aroused. This paralled the desynchronization of the neocortical response to non-specific stimulation of the reticular activating system described by Magoun and his collaborators a few years earlier. Further, the origin of the theta waves was traced by Green to a pacemaker in the septum and a generator in the pyramidal layer of the inverted hippocampal cortex. Electrolytic lesions in the basal forebrain structures led to other important studies on appetite and sexual behavior and related observations on experimentally induced seizures. Dr. Green's definitive review on the hippocampus appeared in Physiological Reviews only two months before his death.

Other areas of the brainstem and forebrain which received Dr. Green's attention were the preoptic, the olfactory bulbs and the hypoglossal nuclei. Microelectrode recording from neurons in the supraoptic nuclei were shown for the first time to respond to osmotic stimuli conducive to activation of the release of neurohypophysial hormones. Patterns of the firing of cells in the olfactory bulb were studied intensively as well as the effects of centrifugal and antidromic stimulation of these neurons. Firing characteristics of hypoglosal neurons were shown to resemble those of spinal motoneurons and it was on the biophysical aspects of the latter and their responses to ions and parathyroid hormone that Dr. Green was working at the time of his death. His initial interest in the pituitary gland had carried him via the forebrain and the

brainstem to the most basic of neurophysiological studies in the spinal cord.

Meanwhile his research on the pituitary gland continued. Electron microscopic studies first with Van Breemen and later with Maxwell focussed on the nature of neurosecretory granules and their significance in the supraopticohypophysial system. At the time of his death five chapters on the structure and ultrastructure of the neurohypophysis were in press in the forthcoming three volume treatise on the pituitary gland edited by his close friend and first collaborator, Dr. Harris, now the Professor of Anatomy at Oxford.

Dr. Green declined many offers of high administrative posts to remain active in basic scientific research. Although he was a stimulating teacher and he served conscientiously on academic, state and national committees, his consuming interest was in research and his enduring fame will rest on his many outstanding publications. One might say that a measure of success in research today is the number of important international symposia to which a scientist receives invitations. Countless requests of this sort came to Dr. Green and among those which he accepted were the 1951 London CIBA symposium on Control of Pituitary Function and the 1956 Houston symposium on the same subject; the 1957 Ford Hospital symposium on the Reticular Formation, held in Detroit; the 1957 Neurological Congress in Brussels; the 1957 CIBA meeting on the Neurological Basis of Behavior, in London; the 1957 American Neurological Symposium on Epilepsy, in Washington; the 1958 symposium on Comparative Edocrinology, at Cold Spring Harbor and the 1960 meeting on the same subject in Tokyo; the 1959 Neurobiologists' symposium on the Cerebral Cortex, in Amsterdam; the 1961 International Colloquium on the Hippocampus, in Montpellier, France; the 1962 International Physiological Congress in Leiden; the 1963 symposium on Brain-Gonad Function, in

Los Angeles; and the 1964 International Endocrine Congress, in London.

Unaffected by success Dr. Green remained modest, pleasant and humble, with a host of admiring friends all over the world who deluged the Department with letters of sympathy at the time of his death. Dr. Green's immediate colleagues, and even those in related fields who knew him less intimately sorely miss the incisive and well-advised criticism, the helpful reference which had been overlooked, the superb technical skill always at their service, and above all, the friendly banter over the atrocious coffee and curling smoke from the ever-present Player's cigarette. Adding to the tragedy of his death was the fact that his marriage was so short lived. Two months prior to being stricken, he married Dr. Kathryn Thomas, a physiologist and electron microscopist with interests similar to his own. She has the profound sympathy of all his many friends.

Charles H. Sawyer Carmine D. Clemente Clara M. Szego


Philip F. Griffin, Journalism: Berkeley

Associate Professor

Philip F. Griffin's commitment to the University's ideals of scholarship, to the advancement of civil rights, and to the worth of each student's individuality marked his twenty-three years of teaching at Berkeley. His death came--nine days before Christmas in 1964--at a time when these values were meeting their severest test on the campus.

Recollection of that lifelong dedication was feelingly evoked in the words of students, alumni, and colleagues who shared the sorrow of his loss with his widow, Bess Ellen Griffin, and his son, Gordon, a University student at Davis.

Born in Irvington, California, on March 16, 1900, Philip Griffin entered the University in 1918, but withdrew to enlist as a cadet in the U.S. Army's Aviation Signal Corps. For the ten years following World War I he worked as reporter, city editor or managing editor on various California newspapers, including the Colusa Daily Sun, the Siskiyou Daily News, the Santa Rosa Press-Democrat and the Imperial Valley Sun, as well as out-of-state dailies in the Midwest and the South. He then joined the staff of the San Francisco Chronicle as a reporter on labor and other special assignments. Transferring to night duty on the newspaper, he returned to daytime classes at Berkeley, getting the B.A. degree in 1933 and the M.A. degree (in English) in 1939.

He was appointed a faculty associate in 1941 and taught journalism while continuing to work on the Chronicle until 1943 when he was called away for a year's wartime service

with the American Red Cross as a field director. Upon his return he was appointed to the regular faculty of the Department of Journalism. During the summer of 1947 and the winter and spring terms of 1951 he was a visiting member of the University of Minnesota faculty. He was appointed chairman of the Department of Journalism at Berkeley in 1954 and when his term expired in 1959 he went to Great Britain for his sabbatical year. Invited to lecture in the Extramural Department at the University of Wales at Aberystwyth, he also journeyed to a number of small Welsh communities to speak and to conduct seminars on American life and letters.

On the national scene, he participated in the research and teaching concerns of his profession through the Association for Education in Journalism; he served on its committee on Freedom of Information from 1951 to 1953 and in 1957 was chairman of its committee to report on graduate programs in journalism. Twice he reported at the association's annual conventions upon his special field of interest: message reception by newspaper readers. One of these reports had to do with the conformity of expressed public attitudes toward a newspaper with public action in voting measures sponsored by the newspaper. Another dealt with the reporter's behavior in the process of communication, especially his relation to sources and to his peers within the paper that employed him. These and other reports and monographs appeared in the Journalism Quarterly and the English Journal.

With his fellow faculty members on the campus he was very much a part of things, whether engaging in challenging conversation at a favorite table in the Great Hall of the Faculty Club or participating in the activities of various Academic Senate and Administrative Committees and educational organizations. “The Year of the Oath” (1950) found him in the forefront of the successful fight at Berkeley against the requirement that all professors sign a loyalty oath imposed by the University. He served both as president and

member of the executive committee of the U. C. chapter of the American Association of University Professors and as a member of the Representative Assembly. To the very end he continued to devote his energies to the best interests of the University. On the day of his death, at a meeting of the College of Letters and Science, the secretary read for him a report as chairman of the Committee on Committees, explaining that he did so because of Mr. Griffin's illness. His other committees included those on Elections, Privilege and Tenure, Subject A, American History and Institutions, the program in American Studies, teaching assistantships, the student counseling center, Dwinelle Hall space and the Cowell Hospital addition.

To students, his office door was literally open whenever he was inside. As they passed in the hall he would hail them, often with some gruff joviality, and he would sit with them by the hour, discussing their scholastic and professional problems, but never intruding upon their privacy. At various times he was a Faculty Fellow, adviser to Sigma Delta Chi, professional journalistic society, and to Theta Sigma Phi, the women's journalistic society. He was always a good friend of the student newspaper, and its reporters and editors often came to him for advice, whether or not they were in his classes.

In a letter published in the Daily Californian, William Drummond, a senior in journalism, wrote:

“Mr. Griffin (he did not use the title 'professor') sometimes scolded his students. He was an unpredictable man, a man whom I never quite understood. One could not relax in his company, because his mind ranged widely; his subtle allusions were profuse. His intelligence was sturdy, and sometimes, one sensed, stubborn. Seldom did anybody come away with a clear victory in a disagreement with him. His experience as a man and as a journalist was boundless but he always shied away from personal discussion of his career. This among journalists is a rarity. The assignments he gave his students

were man-killers, plain and simple. He asked for (nay, demanded) the last full measure of effort and work, but he was not stingy with his rewards nor his appreciation for a good job. I have known no other person in the University who held as strong opinions about the way language should be written....

“The loss of him is mine, yours and the University's.”

Another student said:

“He truly preserved, in the age of the multiversity, the ideals of the liberal arts tutorial system.”

The fact that Philip Griffin's death in an Oakland hospital on December 16, 1964, after an illness of several months, coincided with the passing of the great educator and civil libertarian, Alexander Meiklejohn, prompted a close friend and former student to observe:

“They were two of a kind--a kind that we need more than ever in these difficult times.”

Kenneth N. Stewart William L. Crum James A. Jenkins


David Powell Hackett, Biochemistry: Berkeley


David Powell Hackett was born on March 20, 1925, in Kobe, Japan, where his father, an educational-administrative missionary, was treasurer of Kobe College. Until the 12th grade, he received his schooling at the Canadian Academy in Kobe; the outbreak of war compelled his family to return to the United States, where he completed his secondary education at Newton High School in Newton, Massachusetts. Hackett then entered Carleton College, but an attack of tuberculosis forced him to interrupt his studies during his sophomore year and spend a year in a sanitarium. It is likely that this period of illness and enforced rest changed the course of his life. Whereas before he had been interested in athletics and other non-intellectual activities, now he turned towards more intellectual pursuits, reading widely and exploring the world of ideas and poetry. On leaving the sanitarium, he resumed his college education at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., but, in the following school year, transferred to the University of Vermont. There he met Sarah Ann Andrews, a fellow student, to whom he was married two years later, in 1946. At the University of Vermont, Hackett majored in Chemistry and was active also in such college affairs as student government, debating and editing the school paper. He was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, awarded the Kidder Medal for outstanding character, leadership and scholarship, and graduated Magna Cum Laude in 1946 as Valedictorian of his class. He remained at the University of

Vermont for graduate work in biochemistry under John Little, where he received the M.S. in 1948. He now entered Harvard University to complete his graduate studies under K. V. Thimann and was granted his Ph.D. in Plant Physiology in 1951.

For the first of three following years of postdoctoral study Hackett remained at Harvard; for the second, he went as an Eli Lilly Fellow to King's College, London, to work with T. A. Bennet-Clark, and for the third, he returned to Harvard. In 1954 he was appointed Instructor in the Department of Biology of the University of Buffalo and was promoted to the rank of Associate Professor in 1958. In that same year, Hackett left Buffalo to join the staff of the Department of Agricultural Biochemistry of the Berkeley campus as an Assistant Professor and soon thereafter, when that department was abolished, he transferred to the Department of Biochemistry. In 1960 he was promoted to Associate Professor, in 1964 to Professor. He also held the title of Biochemist in the Agricultural Experiment Station.

Hackett achieved an international reputation as a plant biochemist, his work being widely esteemed for its originality and direct approach to the solution of fundamental problems. His research was concerned mainly with electron transport in the respiration of higher plants. Hackett and his students showed that plant respiration is mediated largely by the cytochrome-cytochrome oxidase system, though they recognized some exceptions to this general rule. These investigations led to the discovery of several new types of cytochrome enzymes in plants and to the development of the concept that the cytochromes participate in an inhibitor-resistant electron transfer pathway to oxygen. Hackett established the central role of mitochondria in plant respiration and concluded that the main electron transfer pathway in mitochondria is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide → flavoprotein → cytochrome b → cytochrome c → cytochrome a → O2. He and his

students also studied the phosphorylations coupled with these mitochrondrial oxidative reactions and discovered that the effect of certain respiratory chain inhibitors results from uncoupling of phosphorylation and oxidation. They also isolated and purified a blue pigment from bean seedlings, which they showed to be a hitherto unknown copper-containing electron transferring protein. Hackett's interest was not, however, confined to electron transport, extending also to the mechanism of hormone action in plants. In particular, in one series of investigations it was shown that the primary action of one plant growth hormone represents the induction of synthesis of a specific type of messenger nucleic acid. These two interests, respiration and hormones, converged in his studies on Jerusalem artichoke tuber tissue with which he discovered that the growth hormone auxin can induce a striking stimulation of respiration.

Being not only a well-known authority in his field, but also a lucid and dynamic speaker, Hackett was frequently invited to participate in national and international biochemical and botanical meetings: in 1959 he addressed a symposium at the International Congress of Botany in Montreal, in 1961 he spoke at the International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow and in 1964 he took part in the International Congress of Botany in Edinburgh. He had been looking forward to returning to Japan, scene of his childhood, in the spring of 1965 as a delegate to a conference of the United States-Japanese Cooperative Science Program.

Hackett belonged to many professional scientific societies, among them the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Plant Physiologists, the Society of General Physiologists, the Society of Experimental Biologists (Great Britain), and the American Society of Biological Chemists. He served on the Editorial Boards of the journals of “Plant Physiology” and “Phytochemistry.”

Hackett was an outstanding teacher who possessed the gift

to impart carefully integrated information, significant ideas and, above all, a spirit of enthusiasm to his audience. Thus, his graduate course in Plant Biochemistry perennially attracted not only many students but also faculty colleagues from other Life Science departments. Hackett's analytical and critical mind caused him to demand of his students, as he demanded of himself, uncompromising precision of thought in the interpretation of experimental results. His deep interest in students as persons and his ability to understand their needs and problems won him their affection and profound respect.

Hackett shone not only as a scientist and teacher, but also as a man. He was highly sensitive to the beauties and nuances of both nature and the fine arts, probably a legacy of his formative years in Japan. His wisdom, his warm personality, his generosity, his general intelligence and broad intellectual and cultural interests made association with him an unforgettable experience.

On the evening of January 21, 1965, on his way from his laboratory to his home in Orinda, David Hackett was murdered by an unknown assailant for an unknown reason. He is survived by his wife Sarah and their four children: Paul, Martha, Susanna, and Nathaniel.

H. A. Barker W. Z. Hassid G. S. Stent


Genevieve Watson Haight, English: Santa Barbara

Associate Professor

Mrs. Genevieve Watson Haight, Associate Professor of English at the University of California, Santa Barbara, died suddenly in Lewiston, Idaho, on July 27, 1964, while she was visiting her parents, who survive her, as do her daughter, Mrs. Richard Klason, of Salt Lake City; her son, W. Lockwood Haight, of Inglewood; and three grandchildren.

Mrs. Haight came to the faculty of Santa Barbara State College in a day when the whole business of the scholar was, as Dr. Johnson described it, “to talk in public, to think in solitude, to read and hear, to inquire and answer inquiries.” She accepted the ancient tradition and renewed its worth. She loved literature, she loved people, and she loved to bring them together. She lived her life in honor. She brought from Santa Barbara College to the University a tone of warm-hearted friendliness, of personal involvement, a legacy of human value, which represents the ideal toward which the entire University struggles; and this ideal she handed on to the generations of teachers who learned the rudiments of their craft in her classroom.

Born in Burke, Idaho, Mrs. Haight grew up in Spalding and went to high school and the State Normal School in Lewiston, after which she taught in the elementary schools of Kamiah, Idaho, and Baker, Oregon, before becoming a supervising teacher at the Normal School in Lewiston. In 1927 she received the Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Idaho. From 1929 to 1931 she taught at Miami University in

Oxford, Ohio, returning in 1931 to Idaho, to become State Rural Supervisor. In 1933 she received her Master of Arts degree from Teachers' College, Columbia University.

Mrs. Haight joined the faculty at Santa Barbara in 1941. The course of her special interest was Children's Literature, which annually attracted such throngs of students that she was among the first teachers at Santa Barbara to require the services of an assistant. She taught also a course in the teaching of English and she supervised the training of student teachers of English in the secondary schools. She served College and University on the Library Committee and such other committees as Student Welfare, Subject A, Awards, Associated Women Students Charities, Reinstatement, Secondary Teaching, and Student Teaching. She was a sponsor in the Experimental Program, Instructors for Colleges; a member of the Santa Barbara Student Teachers' Conference; and at the time of her death she was a member of the Executive Committee of the School of Education. From 1958 to 1962 she was a counselor in the office of the Dean of Students. For many years she acted as faculty sponsor and scholarship adviser for Alpha Phi, and she was a member also of Pi Lambda Theta and Delta Kappa Gamma.

To tally the list of her services is to tell but little of the real achievement of Mrs. Haight, however. A woman of boundless humanity and sympathy, she made the campus an extension of her household, until every person on it--her colleagues, the students, the secretaries, clerks, and custodians--became a member of her family eligible for the bounty of her interest and affection. Her friends were of “all ages and conditions of men,” and to each she gave in conversation such earnest attention that for the moment at least he saw himself as truly a significant individual and rose in his own esteem. Incessantly occupied, she was never too busy to harken to a tale of woe or delight, no matter who the teller; and few left her presence without a lifted spirit. It is doubtful that any person who ever

sought from her aid or counsel was ever turned away, although in attending to others she neglected herself.

Mrs. Haight's humor was as vast as her heart, and since she never bothered to cultivate a sense of exasperation, she was welcome in any gathering; and, it is safe to say, she was the most generally beloved figure in the academic community. She never insisted on her dignity, but sought rather to prick the bubble of solemnity, especially her own; and since her daily life was marked by a series of minor but marvelous crises, which created for her a tenuous balance between the domestic and the professional aspects of her career and which she recounted with artless skill, she added much to the gaiety of occasions and beguiled many of a gloomy moment. Her departure from the scene places upon those who survive her a heavier duty than perhaps they realized when she lived, herself, to bear it: a duty to recall that the University is a congregation of human beings.

Lawrence Willson Edith M. Leonard Robert W. Webb


Walter Pearson Kelley, Soils: Berkeley and Riverside

Professor of Soil Chemistry, Emeritus
Soil Chemist, Emeritus, in the Agricultural Experiment Station

Walter Pearson Kelley was born on a farm near Franklin, Kentucky on February 19, 1878, and died in Berkeley on May 19, 1965, in his eighty-eighth year. He was the son of John William Kelley, of Scottish-Irish descent, and Mary Eliza Mayes Kelley whose ancestors were English. Both families had settled in America in colonial times, the Kelleys in North Carolina and the Mayes in New England.

After completing high school and two years of teaching, Walter Kelley earned the B.S. degree in 1904 from the University of Kentucky and, in 1907, the M.S. from Purdue University, the latter while holding the position of Assistant Chemist in the Purdue Agricultural Experiment Station. He was appointed Chemist in the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station in 1908 and, while on leave from this position, he completed requirements for the Ph.D. at the University of California; this degree was awarded in 1912. He was the last graduate student of Dr. Eugene Woldemar Hilgard.

Dr. Kelley began his service with the University of California in 1914 when he came from Hawaii to fill the position of Professor of Agricultural Chemistry in what was then known as the Graduate School of Tropical Agriculture and Citrus Experiment Station, at Riverside. Early in his career he was concerned with the nutritional problems of plants. In

Hawaii he explored the function of manganese in soils and plants, with reference to pineapple culture, and began his work on the transformations of nitrogen in the soil.

His responsibilities at Riverside included recruitment of staff for his new department, but he immediately began studying the nitrogen requirements of citrus. His reputation as a soil chemist and his interest in soil nitrogen led to his being commissioned by the American Society of Agronomy, in 1930, to review and assess nitrogen fertilizer research in Europe. This tour was largely responsible for his initiation of a long-term lysimeter experiment at Riverside to measure the gains and losses of different forms of soil nitrogen under different cropping treatments. The experiment was continued at Riverside by Dr. Kelley's successors and has yielded valuable information; his work on nitrite formation is now providing a useful background for renewed study of the nitrogen economy of soils supporting citrus.

Work undertaken by Dr. Kelley at Riverside included certain field experiments that required a continuing program of specific, yearly, fertilizer applications. He observed that repeated additions of sodium nitrate produced marked changes in the physical properties of the soil, particularly a reduction in its permeability to water. The field observations were confirmed by simple laboratory trials. Dr. Kelley said that this observation changed the whole course of his scientific interests. He was one of the first scientists in the world to recognize the deleterious effects of adsorbed sodium. Thereafter his interest in plants diminished and his often-stated aim was “the study of the soil itself.” In this pursuit he conducted innumerable investigations of the basic chemistry of salt-affected soils. These studies were supplemented by equally fundamental enquiries into clay mineralogy and the phenomenon of cation exchange in soils. He became a recognized authority on these subjects and his researches contributed greatly to our understanding of soil chemistry and the principles

underlying sound practice of irrigation agriculture. His work was constantly stimulated by the practical management problems in California involving both soil and irrigation water and led to Kelley's development of successful reclamation procedures with saline sodic soils.

Dr. Kelley came to Berkeley in 1939 and was appointed chairman of the Division of Soils in 1940. Eight years later he retired but, as Professor of Soil Chemistry, Emeritus, he was active until his death. He was consultant to the Gulf Research and Development Company, Pittsburgh, from 1948 to 1955 and to the United States Bureau of Reclamation from 1948 to 1958.

Before retirement Dr. Kelley's writings consisted of 88 scientific papers and an American Chemical Society monograph, Cation Exchange in Soils (1948). A second ACS monograph, Alkali Soils, Their Formation, Properties and Reclamation (1951) and seven scientific papers were written during retirement.

Dr. Kelley was United States delegate to the Third (Oxford) Congress, International Society of Soil Science in 1935. He was president of the Western Society of Soil Science in 1923, and a fellow and, in 1930, president of the American Society of Agronomy. From 1927 to 1939 he was chairman, Alkali Soils Sub-commission, International Society of Soil Science and was elected honorary president of that Society in 1950. He received several outstanding honors for his work, including election to the National Academy of Sciences (1942), the honorary LL.D., University of California (1950), honorary life membership, Florida Soil Science Society (1950) and honorary D.Sc., University of Kentucky (1958).

During his Riverside days, Dr. Kelley was an enthusiastic golfer. This sport was replaced, in Berkeley, by lawn bowling. He was always keenly interested in baseball and, after retirement, enjoyed watching games on television. During his

middle years he camped and fished with friends in the Sierra. All his life he read widely in the humanities.

In 1913 Dr. Kelley married Sue Kathryn Eubank who was then teaching in Hawaii. Mrs. Kelley was an accomplished painter, in oils, of desert and mountain scenery and accompanied her husband on many of his California holiday trips in order to paint. She suffered ill-health during much of her life but Dr. Kelley was a devoted husband who cared for her with solicitude and tenderness through all her illnesses.

Walter Kelley commanded world-wide recognition and respect during his full life of service and his work will long be known to future soil chemists. His interest in soil chemistry and science in general never faltered. Throughout his life he was a wise and valued counseller of students and colleagues alike. His clarity, precision of thought and ability to separate the significant from the superfluous were noteworthy. These qualities and his stimulating influence on others were characteristic of him. They will always remain in the minds of his colleagues and acquaintances.

Geoffrey B. Bodman James C. Martin Roy Overstreet


Paul A. Lembcke, Public Health; Preventive Medicine: Berkeley and San Francisco


The death on December 1, 1964, of Dr. Paul A. Lembcke, lost to the fields of public health and medicine a distinguished contributor to the fields of epidemiology and medical care. His death at 56 in his home city of Rochester, New York, left a wide gap in the schools on whose faculties he served.

Dr. Lembcke's links with the beginnings of public health practice included study with Professors Wade Hampton Frost, Lowell Reed, Raymond Pearl, and Allen W. Freeman. He received his baccalaureate and medical degrees from the University of Rochester and his master's degree in public health from The Johns Hopkins University.

Early researches and publications related to epidemiologic investigation, hospital planning, construction and equipment, and local and regional hospital and health surveys. Epidemiological studies included diagnosis in infants born of syphilitic mothers, prevention of whooping cough by means of vaccine, analysis of typhoid fever epidemics, appraisal of tuberculosis activities (city of Rochester, New York), clinical and epidemiological features of an outbreak of primary atypical pneumonia, and administrative and epidemiological aspects of pollution of water supply through a cross connection. Especially important in his early work was the disclosure of the mode of transmission and the development of methods for prevention

and control of epidemic diarrhea in hospital nurseries for newborn infants. He received the Modern Hospital Award of Merit in 1943 for this notable contribution.

Dr. Lembcke concentrated his work in the later years of his fruitful professional life on evaluation of the quality of medical care with major emphasis on the application of epidemiological methods and the epidemiology of chronic diseases. He will be particularly remembered for his pioneering contributions to techniques and criteria for the medical audit. He considered the chief goal of the medical audit to help reduce unnecessary hospitalization and unnecessary surgery and increase the use of appropriate and effective methods of measuring the quantity and quality of medical care so that substandard practice might be readily identified. Among the early results of Dr. Lembcke's use of his scientific methods of evaluation was the striking decline in unnecessary appendectomies and hysterectomies in Rochester where he was Associate Director of the Rochester Regional Hospital Council.

In addition to epidemiologic investigations and the development of criteria and standards for evaluation of the quality of medical care, Dr. Lembcke did extensive study under WHO auspices in hospital staffing patterns in this country, Sweden and Israel. He was active in regional health and hospital planning and held many consulting appointments to community organizations as well as to invididual hospitals.

Later publications included surveys of over forty individual and regional hospital organizations resulting in reorganization of administrative and medical staffs and hospital procedures, as well as new construction. Included are “Survey of Hospital Design and Administration, England, Scotland and Northern Europe” and “Survey of Hospital Efficiency” (Sweden); “Report on Regional Organization of Hospital and Other Health Services” (prepared for the President's Commission on the Health Needs of the Nation); “A Study of

Regional Organization of Hospitals” (Advisor to Public Health Service Study Group).

Dr. Lembcke served as Epidemiologist, and later District Health Officer for the New York State Department of Public Health; Instructor in Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Albany Medical College; Instructor in Public Health, Bacteriology, and Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine; Lt., USNR (MC); Director of Study, New York State Commission on Medical Care; Associate Director, Rochester Regional Hospital Council; Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. In 1955-56 he was Visiting Professor of Epidemiology and Hospital Administration, University of the Philippines. He joined the faculty of the University of California in 1957, as Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, and Professor of Public Health, School of Public Health.

His professional activities and memberships included: Diplomate, American Board of Preventive Medicine; Association of Hospital Consultants; Alpha Omega Alpha, Delta Omega and Sigma Xi; Fellow, American Public Health Association (Chairman, Medical Care Section, 1955); American Medical Association, American Hospital Association, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association of University Professors, National Malaria Society.

Dr. Lembcke is survived by his wife, Dorothy; three daughters, Mrs. Albert Anton and Mrs. Richard Kamler, both of New York, and Judith Lembcke of Los Angeles; his mother, Mrs. Florence Lembcke of Rochester; a sister, Mrs. Albert Peary of Honolulu, and four grandchildren.

Dr. Lembcke was able to stimulate others and encourage them to try to open new approaches to research work. He was always available to students and colleagues. His searching questions in class and in informal gatherings opened discussion

on a wide variety of relevant topics. He read extensively and acquired a wealth of knowledge in many areas. In his own work he sought perfection with untiring effort yet, withal, never lost humility regarding his own achievements. The fields of research, medical care, medical education, and hospital organization and administration will miss his honesty, integrity and the scientific and scholarly approach evidenced throughout his career.

J. M. Chapman O. G. Johnson D. L. McVickar S. C. Madden D. M. Wilner


Howard Moise, Architecture: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Howard Moise, a frail bit of humanity, was one of those rare people who could use his magic gifts to transform pumpkins into stagecoaches or nuts, bolts, and beams into “machines for living-in.” His inspiration sprang from two widely separated horizons--one in the past and one in the future; there lay the dreams he lived by. In the every day present he was a man who was always himself, an individualist, an aesthetician, a liberal thinker, a bon vivant, and a warm-hearted bachelor uncle whose interest in people's problems was ever present.

Born in Las Vegas, New Mexico, he was educated in the public schools of Los Angeles and then at Harvard University where he earned the B.S. and Master of Architecture degrees at the same time. He was an editor of the Lampoon, a Phi Beta Kappa, and a member of the Signet Club. This formal exposure to learning was one side of his formative experience. Another facet of the young man was his exposure to the milieu of well-born, creative “Bohemians” of the early 20's who sought escape from their restrictive New England backgrounds to meet and work and be cultured, chic, and gay in the old-world atmosphere of Europe. In this environment Howard had one foot in society rather properly, while the other moved around freely in a kind of disregard, a thumb-to-nose attitude toward some aspects of that same society. His high intelligence and creative ability put him in the position of being confidently able to be as aggressively liberal in his

thinking as he wished. He championed the under-dog, and spoke and acted on his convictions.

This was part of Howard's charm for those who knew him--a deeply reminiscent aura of the Grand Style. This was the source of his romanticism and also of his reaction to the structure of society and the place he felt he wanted to occupy in it.

His first important experience in the practice of architecture came after serving in World War I when he joined the firm of James Gamble Rogers in New York City. He was the designer responsible for the form of the world's first “vertical hospital,” the Columbia Presbyterian Hospital in New York, hailed by the architectural world as the most advanced building of its time. He was project architect of the Neurological Institute and the students' dormitory for the medical school of this hospital. He also designed for this firm important additions to the Taft School in Watertown, New York, and a new campus for the Colgate-Rochester Divinity School at Rochester, New York.

His appointment to the faculty of the School of Architecture in 1932, with the rank of full professor, was arranged by Director Warren Perry who was faced with the heavy responsibility of replacing the late John Galen Howard, the architect and planner responsible for carrying out the original campus plans at Berkeley. Professor Perry was convinced that the large vacuum resulting from the sudden loss of so great a person could begin to be filled only by an older man of reputation and experience. During a visit to New York Professor Perry observed the essential qualities which endeared Howard Moise to people. He was meticulous, endlessly painstaking, endowed with remarkable taste; a Renaissance man who had a deep knowledge and appreciation, not only of architecture but of the arts generally--music, painting, literature, and modern technics.

At the start of his teaching career he taught architectural design, freehand drawing, and later, history of architecture.

Though in architecture he always wanted to be in the vanguard, basically his real love and intense feelings were in the middle ages. Here he was somewhat of a specialist, and his History of Architecture courses had a great impact on the student. He related architecture to the times in its completeness and complexity of expression; he re-created for the student an old world atmosphere through both sight and sound; they loved it.

In the late 1930's he played a stimulating role in the Telesis movement which was organized by a group of young architects and planners with an interest in winning public recognition for architectural design and planning procedures for the future of the Bay Area. It was not so much his innate abilities or knowledge that served these young people so well, but rather a general and almost vague sense of imagery that pointed to a better, more exciting, richer, more meaningful environment. He helped all about him to rise above conformity and to live on the frontier of new thoughts and ideas.

After the passage of the United States Housing Act of 1937 he was active in making the purposes of the Act better known and understood, and during the war and the two years of “defense” activity which preceded it, was influential in the effort to persuade Congress to provide housing for defense and war workers in the areas where acute housing shortages had developed. One of the founders of the California Planning and Housing Association in 1940, he was its first president, holding this office for three years.

Professor Moise was the first to offer courses dealing with housing and planning in the architecture department and these became a training ground for many who later became active as teachers, designers, and commissioners in the field of planning. Working with L. Deming Tilton, then the Planning Director of the City of San Francisco, he was influential in proposing the establishing of a Department of City and Regional Planning. He served on the Universitywide faculty

committee to explore the subject. His interest in the field of planning, inspired by contact with Henry Wright in 1935, was actively expressed for many years before planning was recognized by most as a vital concern of all segments of society.

His interest in people was indeed free from any kind of prejudice; his sympathy and understanding stretched out to all and in later years many of his former students came back to refresh themselves in his warmth and to seek his counsel. And often in the days of the depression of the 30's he gave financial help or work to many who would not have been able to complete their education. Characteristically, some of these were not students of architecture but from elsewhere in the University.

After his retirement in 1955 he was invited to give courses at the Rhode Island School of Design at Providence.

As a counter-balance to theory and teaching he maintained throughout his life in Berkeley a small office for the practice of architecture and was the architect for a number of trail blazing residences in Berkeley and the Bay Area vicinity. He was the architect for the remodelling and additions to University House on the Berkeley campus, the addition of the Architecture Library, the remodelling of the Architecture Building of the School of Architecture originally begun by Bernard Maybeck, and in partnership for the design of the Chapel at Trinity Methodist Church in Berkeley.

In his later years Professor Moise was active in professional and civic affairs as a member of the American Institute of Architects, Northern California Chapter; as a member and until recently Secretary of the California Roadside Council; of SPUR and its predecessor, San Francisco Housing and Planning Association; San Francisco Symphony Foundation; San Francisco Museum of Art; and the Patrons of Art and Music of the Museum of the Palace of the Legion of Honor. He was a member of the Harvard Club of New York.

During the last several years he suffered from a bone malady

of the neck vertebrae but his robust humor was not dimmed. While undergoing a routine check-up in a Walnut Creek hospital, and as he was chatting with friends, Howard Moise quietly died on January 22, 1965.

E. Michael Czaja Michael Goodman Harold Stump


William Moje, Plant Pathology: Riverside

Associate Chemist

A fatal heart attack on August 12, 1964, brought a sudden and unexpected end to the promising career of William Moje, Associate Chemist and Lecturer in the Department of Plant Pathology at Riverside. Dr. Moje was born in Los Angeles, California, on January 31, 1925. After graduating from Franklin High School in that city, he enrolled in Pasadena Junior College for a semester and then transferred to the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, where he received his B.S. degree in 1946. Dr. Moje continued his formal education at the University of California at Los Angeles in the Department of Chemistry under the direction of Professor T. A. Geissman. He obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1950, majoring in organic chemistry. From 1950 to 1952, he held a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Illinois where he was associated with Professor Roger Adams. In 1953, following a short period as a Research Chemist with the E. I du Pont and Company in Niagara Falls, New York, Dr. Moje joined the staff of the University of California Citrus Research Center and Agricultural Experiment Station at Riverside in the Department of Soils and Plant Nutrition. He transferred to the Department of Plant Pathology at the same institution in 1960. He was a member of the American Chemical Society; the Chemical Society, London; the American Phytopathological Society; Phi Lamda Upsilon; and the Society of Sigma Xi.


William Moje and Suzanne Smith were married in 1945 and became the parents of five children, the oldest of whom is Steven, a Regent's Scholar at UCR, who is following his father's interest by majoring in chemistry. The other children are Peggie, Jeanne, Laurel, and Catherine. Dr. Moje is also survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Moje, of Los Angeles, a brother, Richard Moje, of Northridge, California, and a sister, Mrs. Margaret Sheldon, of Balboa, California.

During his brief career Dr. Moje's research involved the synthesis and chemistry of certain quinone imides, the chemistry of naturally occurring phytotoxins, the chemistry and nematocidal activity of organic halides, and the chemical basis of fungitoxicity of certain organic compounds, notably ethionine and furoxan derivatives. His professional competence and experience permitted him to make easy transitions into these different but related research programs. Dr. Moje's skill in chemistry was extremely valuable in his cooperative work with soil chemists, plant pathologists, and nematologists. He was meticulous, persevering, and resourceful in his approach to research as well as his other interests. His friendly and helpful manner, coupled with his constructively critical attitude, made him a valued member of the research teams investigating these interdisciplinary problems. While associated with the Department of Soils and Plant Nutrition, Dr. Moje initiated studies to determine the chemical nature of phytotoxic factors in old citrus soils which are detrimental to the growth of newly planted citrus. This research led to a study of the effects of chemical soil fumigants on soil chemistry and microbiology and subsequently to his keen interest in chemical intoxication of nematodal and fungal parasites of plants.

Dr. Moje established a well-equipped laboratory in the Department of Plant Pathology for the study and development of fungicides which translocate in plants. This research was particularly challenging and fraught with many frustrations

because of the notable lack of successful systemic fungicides or techniques for their evaluation. His dedication to preciseness characterized the biological assays he designed for evaluating chemical control of certain plant diseases. His most recent research concerned translocatable chemical fungitoxicants which could be used to prevent avocado root rot caused by the fungus of Phytophthora cinnamomi and Verticillium wilt of cotton caused by another fungus, Verticillium albo-atrum. Although this work was still in a preliminary stage when Dr. Moje died, the sound foundation he made in this area will enable his cooperating participants and his successor to carry on the work with a minimum of delay.

It seems most appropriate that Dr. Moje should have devoted the major part of his research career to the study of plant pesticides, for he was by his own admission a “farmer” at heart. Leisure hours away from the laboratory were spent in gardening on his one acre homesite overlooking the UCR campus, and he took great delight in showing friends and visitors his collection of avocado, citrus, and other fruit trees. In addition to his love for gardening, his recreational activities were also devoted to swimming and fine music.

Dr. Moje participated in the graduate instruction in the Department of Plant Pathology by directing the research of students and serving on guidance committees. His high standard for academic excellence was in constant evidence in his relations with students and colleagues. He was generous with helpful advice, cooperative with his fellow staff members, uncompromising in his ideals and his friendships were sincere. Although Dr. Moje's life was abbreviated, his legacy is rich in family, in friends, in inspiration, and in ideals. His memory is perpetuated further by a memorial fund established by his friends to aid in the education of his children.

R. F. Brewer T. R. Fukuto J. B. Kendrick, Jr.


Paul Robert Needham, Zöology: Berkeley


Paul Robert Needham came to the University of California in 1949 to initiate teaching and research in an area of science new to the Berkeley campus, namely, ichthyology and fisheries management. By the time of his death in 1964, Professor Needham had established this field of inquiry as an important activity in the Department of Zoology.

Born January 14, 1902, in Lake Forest, Illinois, Paul Needham grew up in an academic atmosphere under the tutelage of his father, Professor James G. Needham, one of the most respected and revered biologists on the faculty of Cornell University. The senior Needham was primarily interested in the insects of streams and it was natural for Paul to gravitate toward the study of aquatic biology. All of his university degrees were taken at Cornell--a B.S. in Entomology in 1924, M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Limnology in 1926 and 1928, respectively. For two years (1927-1929) Paul Needham served as Instructor in Limnology at Cornell, followed by another two-year Instructorship in Biology at the University of Rochester (1929-1931). Then began a period of government service as an Aquatic Biologist with the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, 1931-1940, stationed at Stanford University, and a subsequent period of tenure with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1940-1944, stationed at Convict Creek Field Station in Owens Valley. In 1944, Dr. Needham became Director of Fisheries with the Oregon State Game Commission, in which capacity he served until accepting the academic appointment as Professor of Zoology on the Berkeley campus.


In addition to teaching courses in ichthyology and fisheries management in the Department of Zoology, Paul Needham devoted much of his energy to establishing and then expanding the Sagehen Creek Field Station, a university facility situated near Truckee and designed particularly as a base for field studies of trout populations in a typical Sierra stream. With a modest budget and incredible ingenuity and persistence, Professor Needham pieced together a highly functional research and teaching field station consisting at the time of his death of nine buildings housing personnel, research laboratories, teaching and study collections, and special facilities such as a small hatchery and an underwater tank for observing fish in their natural environment. Substantial support for this work was obtained from the Max C. Fleischmann Foundation of Reno, Nevada. Although fisheries studies were emphasized at Sagehen Creek Field Station, various other investigations by graduate students and staff were based there, yielding published reports on a variety of biological problems. Each summer the station has served as a field teaching facility for university classes in wildlife and fisheries biology, entomology, and botany. The Sagehen Creek Field Station is today an important adjunct of the university; its existence is attributable in major part to Paul Needham's foresight and dedication.

Most of Paul Needham's research concerned the salmonid fishes, especially trout. The extended study of the trout population in Sagehen Creek demonstrated over a ten-year period that the fishery supported a high angling yield without recourse to artificial stocking. His 101 publications touched on many aspects of trout ecology, behavior, taxonomy, and conservation. During periods of leave from the University, he traveled widely in Europe and North America, studying trout in various habitats and ecologic situations. At the time of his death, he had planned a trip to investigate the introduced trout populations of Australia and New Zealand. As a world

authority on this important group of game fishes, Dr. Needham was called on to perform many public and professional services. He served on many boards, commissions and committees, and was active in a number of professional societies including the Wildlife Society, of which he was elected president in 1942. But his students and associates probably remember him best as he went happily about the tasks of studying trout in Sagehen Creek, pursuing the line of inquiry that for so long dominated his interests.

Dr. Needham is survived by his widow, the former Dorothy Shorb, whom he married in 1926, and two children--William Shorb Needham and Barbara Needham Dillard.

A. Starker Leopold E. Gorton Linsley Robert L. Usinger


Constantine Maria Panunzio, Anthropology and Sociology: Los Angeles

Professor of Sociology

The patterns of men's lives are various, indeed. The structure of some lives is simple and orderly and comprehended at a glance. Other lives are confounded with many interweaving contours and hues of temperament and circumstance, so that a dominant and unique form is not readily perceptible. Into the latter category falls the life of Italian-born Constantine Maria Panunzio. In turn, a seaman in his teen-age years; a fugitive from his ship into an utterly strange land whose language he did not speak; a lumberjack; an itinerant farm laborer; a minister; a social worker; a college professor. Parallelling a turbulent external life was a troubled spiritual journey. Born into the Catholic faith, in early adulthood he became a Methodist minister with a pulpit, to return to Catholicism in middle life. Only a man of deep feeling and psychic-complexity could give exterior manifestations such as these.

Constantine Panunzio was born in the ancient little town of Molfetta, which is situated on the Adriatic, not far above the heel of Italy's boot, on October 25, 1884. The family tree boasted of a number of successful professional men and important civic leaders and his parents had planned for him accordingly. However, Constantine was interested not in studies but in the sea and at the age of fourteen he joined the crew of a merchant sailing vessel as a ship's boy. During the next four years he visited most of the major ports of the Mediterranean. His last sea voyage as a crewman was to North America; en route, the sailing vessel on which he served almost went to the bottom of the Atlantic in a storm. The treatment

he received during this journey from the brutal captain was such that he asked for his release when the ship docked in Boston. The captain gave answer in the form of a well-placed kick--whereupon Constantine, then eighteen, skipped ship. This was in September, 1902.

The days of hunger, bewilderment, hopeless wandering and despair that followed, frequently with no roof over his head at night, are told in his beautifully written book, published twenty years later, The Soul of an Immigrant. The long calvary of brutal labor, exploitations, humiliations, disenchantments, that followed one another in dreary succession and which typified the lot of most unskilled immigrants at the time, need not be related here. Suffice it to say that these first experiences in America, The Land of Enchantment, contributed significantly to the molding of his personality and character. After many vicissitudes he was hired as a farm hand by a devout, Protestant, church-going family who gave him kindness and humane treatment and encouraged him to go on with his education. Who knows but that this segment of experience was a critical factor in determining Panunzio's professional activity in the early part of his adult life?

He eventually entered Kent's Hill Academy, a preparatory school in Maine, and finished the four year course in three, while working to defray his expenses. In the fall of 1907, he entered Wesleyan University, Connecticut, graduated with the A.B. in 1911 and the M.A. in 1912. He then enrolled in the Boston University School of Theology and earned the S.T.B. in 1914. He received final naturalization papers in the same year.

For a period of several years he served as pastor in several Methodist churches in Massachusetts and he was superintendent of Social Service House, Boston, from 1915-1917. His social service activities were interrupted by the first World War. From 1917 to 1918 he served as general organizer of the YMCA on the Italian front.


Upon his return to the United States after the war, he held a number of academic positions in sociology or social science, frequently interrupted by various administrative-social responsibilities, viz: superintendent of the immigrant labor division in the International Church Movement; lecturer on immigrant backgrounds at Hunter College; professor of social sciences at Willamette University; professor of social economics at Whittier College; professor of sociology at San Diego State Teachers College; investigator for the White House Conference on Child Protection and Guidance; director of The Neighborhood House and Sociological Laboratory. In 1925 he earned the Ph.D. degree at the Brookings Graduate School of Economics and Government.

Panunzio was appointed assistant professor of sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1931, and he remained at UCLA until he retired as professor of sociology in 1951.

His published works include three books and two research monographs. Among the former is his earliest publication, the popular The Soul of an Immigrant. The other two are sociological works, one of which was a text Major Social Institutions that achieved a considerable measure of success. His monographs are studies of the self-help cooperatives in California at the time of the depression. There are, in addition, some seventy articles, the majority of a popular or semi-popular nature and published in various types of media, and thirty book reviews. There is also a completed manuscript in two volumes entitled Population and the Crisis. His published writings are characterized by a lucidity of style, a poetic sense, and a literary flavor not too common in academic prose.

In 1931-33, Panunzio was president of the Pacific South-western Academy; in 1934-35, president of the Pacific Sociological Society. In 1939, he participated in the founding of the Mazzini Society, the well-known Italian group whose

leading lights were Italian intellectuals who had left, or who had been expelled from, Italy because of fascism. Among its members was the historian Salvemini and the journalist Tarchiani who after the war was Italian ambassador to the United States. In 1940 he was designated by the New York World's Fair Committee as among the foreign-born who have made “outstanding contributions” to American culture. In 1961 he received the Wesleyan University Distinguished Alumnus award.

It is curious that Panunzio, a sociologist, perhaps did his greatest sociological work after he had retired. The then (1952) existing University pension system was grossly inadequate. The average income of emeriti was something like $108 per month; instead of being retired at a maximum of four-fifths of the terminal salaries, many found, upon retirement, that they were receiving barely one-fifth of their highest pay. In certain instances, the consequences were pathetic: to cite one example, a well-known full professor who had been an important figure in the early days of UCLA's development worked as a night watchman to supplement his $93-a-month pension. Non-academic employees who were enrolled under the state civil service pension system fared much better; whereas a full professor might draw $110, a plumber with an equivalent time record of service received something in the vicinity of $210 a month.

Panunzio, upon discovering his own plight--he was to receive $129 a month--went to work. He drew up a bill of particulars, setting forth the facts and statistics, and comparisons with benefits derived from the state's civil service pension system. It was a six-page document, signed by fifty emeriti; copies of the memorial were sent to the President of the University, the provosts and chancellors on the various campuses and to members of the Board of Regents. The document created a sensation. The reaction of certain members of the Board was particularly vivid. A special committee of

The Regents was appointed to study the matter in 1953. Professor Panunzio met with this special Committee on Pensions and Retirements and recommended in the strongest terms that a University retirement system comparable in benefit structure to the California State Employees' Retirement be established to replace the then existing Retiring Annuities System. Shortly thereafter he was employed by The Regents as a consultant to the Special Committee and particiated in most of its subsequent meetings.

In the months that followed he played a major role in drafting the provisions of the Standing Orders of The Regents establishing the new “Pension and Retiring Annuities System,” as of July 1, 1954. He was also instrumental in drafting the provisions of the “interim plan,” under which faculty members who had retired prior to 1953 received “Fellowship Stipends” supplementing their annuity payments. This interim measure was approved by The Regents in April, 1953. The Regents also created the Academic Retirement Office and Panunzio was its de facto Director until January, 1955. The function of the Office was to look after the interests of retired and about-to-be-retired faculty members. After the directorship of the Retirement Office had passed to Dr. D. G. Tyndall, Panunzio continued as consultant to the Chairman of its Governing Board (Regent Hansen) during 1955 on a full-time basis, and during 1956 in a part-time basis. During this time his advice and counsel were of great value to The Regents, especially in the development of the plan to provide supplemental retirement incomes to faculty members who had retired prior to 1953.

As a consequence of Panunzio's characteristic unwillingness to accept things-as-they-are, he set in motion a chain reaction which has resulted in a pension structure for the University of California faculty which is among the best. Prior to his dramatic efforts, committees had been in existence for years to study the problem; but nothing tangible had transpired. To

quote one of The Regents most closely involved with the reconstructing of the University's pension system: “If any one man may be said to be the architect of this reform, it is Professor Panunzio.”

More than seventy years old, this restless man had not finished. Recognizing that the plight of the emeriti of the University of California was but a sample of what was happening to retired professors the country over--and not the worst sample--he sought and obtained grants from the Ford Foundation and the University of California in order to create a nation-wide registry of emeriti. Propelled by his enthusiasm and compelling energy, a National Committee on the Emeriti was formed in 1956; this is constituted of a group of some fifty interested individuals who take it upon themselves to promote the interests of college professors throughout the United States. Among other things, Panunzio organized an employment service for retired faculty members, wherewith the needs of colleges and universities and the talents and competencies of retired and interested academicians might be brought together. A publication, Emeriti for Employment, listing the names, addresses and experience of retired faculty members who wished to continue working has gone through a number of printings. There are several other facets to the activities of the National Committee on the Emeriti--i.e., Panunzio--but there is insufficient space to relate them here.

In the midst of these numerous activities and responsibilities, which he was reluctant to relinquish, Professor Panunzio died, August 6, 1964, after an incapacitating illness. Until the very end he bemoaned the fact that he knew of no one who was willing to carry on his work.

He is survived by his widow, Pierina, two sons, Constantine and Vincent, and a daughter, Angela.

Although a person of great social charm and given to human warmth and kindness, Panunzio could be a tenacious and unyielding opponent in matters which involved his convictions.

He was not a man to be awed by opposition, however great. This singleness of purpose, though it sometimes lost him potential friends and created strained relations with colleagues and administrators, made it possible for him to achieve goals which otherwise would have been out of reach.

Panunzio's lifework presents an unusual cycle: he started out in his youth and early manhood in social work and service; his middle and late life was spent in academic pursuits; in his old age he plunged back into the battle of social amelioration. Thus the wheel turned full circle.

Gordon H. Ball Harry Hoijer Lloyd N. Morrisett J. A. Gengerelli


Clarence Lucien Phelps: Santa Barbara

Provost Emeritus

Clarence L. Phelps, Provost-Emeritus of the University of California, Santa Barbara, died May 7, 1964, at Santa Barbara. He is survived by his wife, Mildred, and two sons, Professor Waldo Phelps of UCLA and Mr. Kenneth Phelps.

Clarence L. Phelps was born on a farm in Kentucky, January 8, 1881. He attended a one-room elementary school and buttressed this early education with self-study. After qualifying for admission to college by special course work at Georgetown College and Berea, he came to California in 1904, attended San Jose Normal School, and was graduated in 1905. He was principal of a grammar school near Fresno until he entered Stanford University, from which he was graduated in 1909. At Stanford, his contact with Professor Edward Cubberly caused Mr. Phelps to shift from a study of law to education. After graduation, he became a member of the faculty at Tempe Normal School in Arizona for the next two years. He returned to California, taught at San Diego State Normal in 1911-1912 before returning to Stanford University for graduate study. Receiving the Master of Arts Degree in 1913, he became head of the newly established training school at Fresno State Normal School and served there for four years, during three of which he was Vice-President of the institution. In 1917-1918 he worked toward his doctorate at Stanford University. During this period, he accepted appointment as President of the Santa Barbara State Normal School of

Manual Arts and Home Economics. For the next twenty-eight years he headed an institution which gradually evolved into a campus of the University of California.

As a result of a survey which he made after assuming his new post, President Phelps concluded that the institution needed to expand its purpose. On his recommendation, the school added a program for the training of elementary teachers and received authorization to become a regular rather than a special normal school. This status was transitional, and President Phelps' leadership brought the college through a series of steps from an institution devoted only to a limited curriculum of teacher training to a broad program of general education and a growing emphasis on the liberal arts. As Chancellor Cheadle stated: “President Phelps was faced with extreme handicaps hampering the development of the former Santa Barbara State College, but it was his dedication to an educational ideal and the ability to convey these ideals to public officials which brought the institution to its high level of achievement.”

The existing departments at Santa Barbara expanded to offer four-year programs and gained a high reputation for the training of teachers. President Phelps made possible the upgrading of teachers in the field by securing legislative authorization for a Bachelor of Education degree. He gave strong backing not only to the traditional majors but to the expansion of offerings in the humanities and the social sciences.

Even before Santa Barbara Teachers' College became Santa Barbara State College in 1935, President Phelps' continued support was an important factor in making possible the trend toward increased emphasis in the liberal arts. One result was the granting of the A.B. degrees in English and History announced in the Bulletin for 1929-30.

President Phelps was intensely interested in students and their problems. His counsel and financial help through the years profoundly affected the lives of hundreds of students.

He was instrumental in securing the William Wyles Scholarship fund and in the creation of the William Wyles Library.

During World War II, pressures developed for the inclusion of Santa Barbara State College into the University of California. President Phelps continued to head the institution during this critical period and became the first Provost of the University of California, Santa Barbara College. He served in this post until his retirement in 1946. In retirement, he read widely and maintained an active interest in the affairs of the University, community, and nation.

In his long and honorable career, Clarence Phelps provided effective leadership well adapted to meet the changing needs of the college and the state. While supporting the professional training of teachers he insisted that these teachers be liberally educated. Throughout, he was sensitive to the needs and interests of students, faculty, and community. The University of California, Santa Barbara, takes pride in his long period of friendly, effective leadership.

A. Russell Buchanan Hazel Severy Elmer R. Noble


Leon Josiah Richardson, Classics: Berkeley

Professor of Latin, Emeritus
Director of University Extension, Emeritus

Leon Josiah Richardson was born February 22, 1868, in Keene, New Hampshire, and died December 4, 1964, at the age of 96, in Watsonville, California, where he had lived for four years with one of his daughters, Mrs. Florence Wyckoff.

He was the son of Josiah Crosby Richardson and Isabel Jane Chamberlain (both of Puritan families long settled in New England), but the family moved west and Leon received the A.B. degree from the University of Michigan, in 1890. After a year of teaching Greek and English in the Jackson (Michigan) high school, Leon came to California and for four years was at this University, first as a Fellow and Assistant in Latin, than as an Instructor. The years 1895-97 he spent abroad, mostly as a student at the University of Berlin, but for part of 1897 he was in Rome and Naples as a student of the American School of Classical Studies (now the American Academy) in Rome. He received the LL.D. from the University of California in 1939. In 1900 he had married Maud Wilkinson in Berkeley and by her had three children, Florence, Jane, and John Alden; after Maud's death he married Ruth Loring, who also predeceased him.

After returning from Europe in 1897, Richardson resumed his long career at the University of California, and for one year was again an Instructor in Latin, then successively Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor. In the same year in which he became professor (1919) he became also Director of the Extension Division (now University Extension),

after having been acting director briefly. He was several times also Dean or Acting Dean of the Summer Session, and for three years (1934-37) Chairman of the Department of Latin. In 1938 he became Professor Emeritus and Director Emeritus.

Richardson's interests and publications can be roughly put into two periods, divided by his appointment to direct the Extension Division. Before then, from 1897 on, his activity was mostly in the field of Latin poetry (especially its metrical techniques), but from about 1920 mostly in higher adult education, in which he was a pioneer.

His earlier work included two small books, a translation of some English poems into Latin (San Francisco, 1899) and Helps to Reading Classical Latin Poetry (Boston, 1907), besides a collection of the Songs of the University of California (1905), about 20 articles on such subjects as Vergil's Georgics, Horace's meters, and ““Digital Reckoning among the Ancients”” (Amer. Math. Monthly, 1916), and a few reviews. His later work, though it included the article on Martin Kellogg (formerly Professor of Latin and President of the University) for the Dictionary of American Biography (1933), two popular accounts of Horace in connection with the poet's bimillennary celebration in 1935, a paper on walking (Jour. of Health and Phys. Educ. 1937), and a constant addiction to verse writing (we would mention his book of poems, Cronies, of 1934, and the Christmas-card verse sent to friends for many years), was mostly inspired by his direction of the Extension Division--numerous essays, addresses, and editorials on “lifelong learning” (his own phrase) in this country and Europe. Even long after his formal retirement, he continued his connection with University Extension, reading or writing correspondence courses on the “Principles of Adult Education” and “Retirement and How to Take Advantage of It.”

He was a member of half a dozen professional (classical and educational) associations, being president of the Philological Association of the Pacific Coast in 1912-13 and of the

National University Extension Association about 1925; a member also of the Berkeley Club. For many years (1901-22) he was a trustee of the Berkeley Public Library, being president of the board for most of this period (1905-22).

Quite apart from the impact and influence exerted by his numerous publications, Richardson's personality was strong and forceful. As a teacher he loved to read Latin aloud and could, when he felt the urge, talk to a class at length in Latin; his last classes, after he began to direct the Extension Division, were on Vergil's Georgics, Ovid's Fasti, Quintilian Book 10, and Latin Verse Composition. He had a loud, clear, penetrating voice, which he used with great skill: having once heard it, one could never forget it. At the same time his manner was remarkably deliberate and calm; he never seemed disturbed or hurried, always self-possessed. He was a splendid teller of anecdotes; we recall a particular one that he used to tell about some experience in Germany: his handling of the long German compounds was something worth hearing. The even tenor of his life seems not to have been broken until he was in his early nineties, when the ruin by fire of his apartment in San Francisco made him, we heard, uncertain what to do and where to live. One must suppose that his almost unfailing equanimity had much to do with his excellent health and long life.

At the memorial services, held on December 8 in the First Congregational Church, Berkeley, the speakers included Joseph Fontenrose, Professor of Classics (who spoke as a former student), Paul H. Sheats, Dean of University Extension (who spoke as a former administrative colleague), Mrs. Julia Altrocchi, widow of a former Professor of Italian (who read from Richardson's poetry), and Joel H. Hildebrand, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry (who spoke as a former academic colleague).

A. E. Gordon Joseph Fontenrose H. R. W. Smith


David Harris Russell, Education: Berkeley


“But beyond all this, we remember the kind of man he was--self spending, self effacing, kindly and courteous, with cultured taste and refreshing humor; a man with sensitive conscience and out-going sympathy, always ready to listen, and slow to judge.” In these perceptive words, Stuart LeRoy Anderson expressed the feelings of the many friends who gathered at the memorial service for David Russell. Notable at this service was the wide range of his friends, coming from many departments of the University, from varied segments of the Berkeley community, and from many states across the country.

David Harris Russell was born in Ottawa, Ontario, on May 22, 1906, and died in Berkeley on January 28, 1965. He attended the University of Saskatchewan, from which he received his bachelor's and master's degrees, and Columbia University, where he received the Ph.D. degree in 1937. His early professional experience was as a teacher and high school principal in public schools in Canada. After completing his graduate work he was a member of the faculties of the University of Saskatchewan and the University of British Columbia. He came to the University of California, Berkeley, in 1942 where he was Professor of Education until the time of his death. He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth, and two sons, David Robert and Andrew Thomas Russell.

In 1948, Professor Russell received a Carnegie Fellowship to the University of London and in 1959, a Fulbright Research Fellowship for study in Australia. He served as visiting summer

professor at Columbia University and the Universities of Wisconsin, Hawaii, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan. He travelled widely in both Europe and Asia and made a special point of visiting with former students and with educational officials. Through these visits, his writing, and his students, he influenced education in many parts of the world.

David Russell was a prolific writer whose audience ranged from young children to college professors. He was senior author of one of the most widely used basal reading series. His writings in the field of education and psychology include teaching guides, essays on educational problems, college textbooks, yearbook contributions, research articles and monographs, reviews for encyclopedias, and diverse leaflets and pamphlets on curriculum development and instruction. Among his widely read books and monographs are Children Learn to Read, Children's Thinking, Characteristics of Good and Poor Spellers, Reading Aids Through the Grades (with Elizabeth Karp), and Listening Aids Through the Grades (with Elizabeth Russell). At the time of his death he was preparing a manuscript on creative reading. Professor Russell brought to his work a unique background of preparation in mathematics, literature, education, and psychology. This background, coupled with his keen interest in improving instruction in the schools enabled him to write and speak as a critic, a reviewer, an essayist, an experimenter, an innovator, and an evaluator. His writings and addresses had a creative flair and a style that were inimitable. His stories for children included new ideas along with old ideas treated in new ways. His research publications were a distinctive combination of new hypotheses and a reformulation of old hypotheses.

David Russell had a keen interest in people and gave much of himself to be of service to others. His outstanding ability and his unselfish service resulted in heavy demands on his time and energy. His counsel was sought by both old and new faculty members who frequently went to him for advice. His

students found him to be a teacher and counsellor who viewed education in terms of individuals. Members of the community sought his advice on educational matters. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Pacific School of Religion. He served as a chairman and as a member of many University Committees. He was a consultant to local, county, state, and national conferences on teaching, learning, and research in education. He was a member of the Board of Directors of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, a fellow of the American Psychological Association, and a member of planning committees for yearbooks of the National Society for the Study of Education. He served as president of the California School Supervisors' Association in 1947-48, and of the National Conference on Research in English in 1952-53. In 1955-56 he was vice-president and in 1963-64 president of the National Council of Teachers of English. He was successively vice-president and president of the American Educational Research Association during 1957-59.

Finally, David was a rare individual who will be remembered in many ways. He gave and received friendship from a wide range of people. There was an acceptance of his friends. He possessed a quiet dignity and was gracious in manner. His integrity was unimpaired. He sought to open the minds of men, and steadfastly promoted harmony in all relationships. A friendly smile was dominant, and the sparkle in his eyes reflected lively humor. He preferred and enjoyed cultural things--good books, music, drama, and objects of beauty. But he also enjoyed the outdoors and his vacations ranged from quiet relaxation at a mountain lake to exhilaration in running the rapids of the Green River in a rubber boat with his family. He has left enduring contributions to the field of education and to the community, and fond memories to his host of friends.

Guy T. Buswell John U. Michaelis J. Cecil Parker


Lysle Edward Shaffer, Mineral Technology: Berkeley

Professor of Mining

Lysle Shaffer was born on January 3, 1907, in Chariton, Iowa, the son of Frank A. and Mae Huntley Shaffer. He died in Berkeley on January 22, 1965. He was educated at Iowa State College at Ames, receiving his bachelor's degree in mining engineering in 1930 and the degree of Engineer of Mines in 1946.

Professor Shaffer became a member of the faculty of the University of California in 1952 as Professor of Mining. He brought with him a wealth of professional experience in mining that was an invaluable aid in his engineering teaching.

From 1930 to 1942 he worked with various mining organizations in the central and western states, Mexico, and Central America as mine engineer, mine superintendent, and chief exploration engineer. On several occasions during this period, his professional work brought him to California for technical evaluation of gold deposits for prospective dredging operations. During World War II when there were critical needs for domestic supplies of strategic metals and raw materials, Lysle Shaffer worked as Mining Engineer and Assistant District Engineer for the United States Bureau of Mines, being responsible for regions around Moscow, Idaho.

In 1945, he began his academic career when he joined the faculty of the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy at Rolla as Assistant Professor of Mining Engineering. There he began a mining research program on the breakage of rocks with explosives, an interest that was to stay with him during his later career at Berkeley.


When he left Missouri in 1948, he held the rank of Associate Professor. In 1948, Professor Shaffer moved to the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology as Professor and Head of the Department of Mining Engineering. Professor Shaffer was a very enthusiastic teacher and stimulated a great deal of interest in mining amongst the students at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.

In 1952, Lysle Shaffer came to Berkeley as Professor of Mining in the College of Engineering. At Berkeley his principal technical interests were in the field of mineral economics, a subject that he taught with enthusiasm and skill.

Of particular concern to Professor Shaffer was the ability of students to present properly written reports. He was a strong proponent of the concept that all students should be able to write clear reports in a grammatically acceptable manner. His extensive career in preparing and in reading mine evaluation reports contributed to his awareness of the requirements of reports that are written by engineers in the field. So that his own mining graduates would be adequately prepared in report writing, Professor Shaffer instituted and taught a course on the writing of technical reports. As a member of the Committee on Prose Improvement of the Berkeley Campus, he extended his thoughts on writing to the general student body.

Professor Shaffer was vitally concerned with continued improvement in engineering education, with particular emphasis on mineral engineering education. For several years he served as a member and as chairman of one of the eight regional committees of the Engineers' Council for Professional Development, the accrediting agency for engineering curricula in colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. Professor Shaffer devoted a great deal of his time to his work on ECPD accreditation inspection visits throughout the western states and worked with various engineering colleges on improving their engineering curricula and facilities.


At Berkeley, Professor Shaffer participated in research activities associated with new and stimulating aspects of mineral engineering. These activities included development of methods for rapid evaluation of the uranium content of uranium ores and products in various stages in ore processing plants. For a number of years he served as a mining and drilling consultant to the University of California Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Livermore and at the Nevada Testing Site. In this capacity, he was adviser on the use of nuclear explosives for underground explosions. He presented a number of papers on the use of nuclear explosives for rock breakage in possible block caving mining operations. During recent years, he was closely associated with research and development of concepts of mining the mineral wealth from the bottom of the sea. This early work has stimulated great interest in the mineral resources that exist on the ocean floors.

Professor Shaffer served in various administrative capacities. From 1952 to 1956, he was Vice-Chairman of the Department of Mineral Technology. From 1956 to 1963, he was Assistant Dean of Engineering in charge of the Cooperative and Employment Programs of the College. In this latter capacity, he coordinated the activities of students in the cooperative work-study program, wherein students alternate their academic program with periods of industrial employment.

Professor Shaffer took a personal interest in the welfare of his students and gave much of his time to aid them in solving their problems, and this perhaps is how he best will be remembered by many of his students.

Professor Shaffer was married to Kathryn Jeffreys on January 28, 1942, in Davenport, Iowa. Besides his widow, he leaves five children, Lyman, Lysle, Jeffrey, Benjamin, and Mary.

D. W. Fuerstenau Charles Meyer Earl R. Parker


Ethel I. Salisbury, Education: Los Angeles

Associate Professor

The contribution of Miss Ethel I. Salisbury to the field of education was varied and extensive. Particularly notable were her studies pertaining to the way children learn as well as to the kind of subject content needed by them to enrich their knowledge and stimulate further reading and study. With assistance from elementary school teachers in the field, Miss Salisbury studied the learning of young children in connection with group activities in a variety of classroom projects. She found that for at least a portion of the time the learning of each child was much greater in group work than it was when the child was alone.

Miss Salisbury contributed greatly to the subject of spelling. In fact it was in this field that she was probably best known. Among articles she wrote were, ““Spelling as an Aid to Integration,”” and ““Abracadabra, or Functional Spelling.”” She stated that “... a major revolution in spelling practice has long been overdue.” With assistance from special monetary grants she developed appropriate word lists for spelling together with work books, remedial procedures and complete sets of tests.

Miss Salisbury was also well known as a general curriculum worker, an organizer and supervisor of demonstration classes, and a major contributor to the preparation of beginning teachers as well as to their improvement while in service. She held the position of Director of Elementary Curriculum for the Los Angeles City Schools from 1921-1932. Overlapping

a portion of the time she devoted to this service was special supervision which she gave to the demonstration classes of UCLA, first at the Los Angeles Alexandria Street School and later at the Nora Sterry and Fairburn Avenue schools. So important became these demonstration classes to the UCLA program of elementary teacher education that Miss Salisbury was asked to give a greater share of her time to the University. This finally developed into full-time work where her energies were divided among research and writing, instructing university classes and supervising and interpreting the demonstration program. Her writing for children of elementary school age was extensive. Among her books for children was one on Mexico, one on South America and another on California. These content books written in a style and from a word comprehension list which children can understand, have been universally well received.

Recognizing the ability of Miss Salisbury, William John Cooper, State Superintendent of Public Instruction appointed her in 1927 as one of the ten members of the California Curriculum Commission which was established at that time by the legislature. She served with distinction in this capacity throughout the early years of the Commission.

As a background to her service in California, Miss Salisbury had training and experience in other localities. Born in Illinois, she received her early education in rural schools. This was followed by study at Illinois State Normal School paralleled by teaching in rural schools some of which could be reached only by horseback transportation. Ultimately receiving her bachelors degree from the University of Illinois she completed the masters degree at Teachers College, Columbia. Subsequently, she served as supervisor in the public schools of Duluth, Minnesota, and later served in the same capacity at Berkeley, California.

Miss Salisbury was especially well known for a number of personality traits that made her universally admired. A person

of the highest integrity, she based her beliefs only on substantiated evidence following which she exerted every possible influence to put her beliefs and convictions to good use. She was sincere in all she did, seemed never interested in personal acclaim for herself, but always tried to interpret whatever she did, and whatever she saw or experienced in terms of the needs of society generally and boys and girls specifically.

Her contributions to learning, to the school curriculum, to teacher education are notable and impressive.

George McBride Corinne Seeds Lorraine Sherer Jesse Bond


Paul Wilbur Tappan, Crminology and Law: Berkeley


Paul Wilbur Tappan, Professor of Law and Criminology in the University of California, Berkeley, died July 9, 1964, shortly after his return from Harvard where he had spent the academic year as Walter E. Meyer visiting research professor. This distinguished scholar, author and teacher was taken by death at the threshold of his career at Berkeley but not before his great talents and energies gave solid promise of continuing achievement in public service and in pursuit of learning.

When he was invited to join the faculty at Berkeley in 1962, Paul Tappan was professor of sociology and law and Chairman of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of Washington Square College, New York University. He had received his Ph.D. degree in sociology from the University of Wisconsin in 1935 and began his teaching career soon thereafter at Miami University. Professor Tappan's academic training in the social sciences led to a deep and abiding interest in the study of criminal behavior and the treatment of the criminal offender. Not content with viewing these grave social problems from the viewpoint of a single discipline, he commenced the study of law, winning his LL.B. degree at New York University in 1943 and his J.S.D. at Columbia in 1945. The busy years that followed included teaching assignments at Queens College, University of Melbourne, and in summer session programs of the School of Criminology at Berkeley.


During 1953-54, Professor Tappan was Chairman of the United States Board of Parole, a practical experience as rewarding to him as was his service on the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Prison. He also served as a consultant and member of a legion of professional societies and groups. These include the United Nations Section on Social Defense, the American Correctional Association, the American Bar Association and the Third International Congress of Criminology for which he was appointed United States National Reporter.

Professor Tappan's term as Associate Reporter for the American Law Institute's Model Penal Code project resulted in a significant contribution to the development of the law in the areas of sentencing, treatment of offenders, and the organization of a correctional system. It was anticipated that he would bring the skills and experience acquired in that work to the new task of criminal law revision about to be undertaken in California. Those who will be involved in this work have more reason than personal affection to mourn his loss.

As an author, Professor Tappan was a major influence in the sociological study of crime and in bringing together the common interests of the behavioral sciences and the law in the great interdisciplinary area of criminology. Among his publications are Delinquent Girls in Court, The Habitual Sex Offender, Comparative Study of Juvenile Delinquency (a United Nations publication) and Crime, Justice and Correction. He was also a prolific and scholarly contributor to numerous professional journals in all fields of his interest.

For the fall semester at the School of Law, Professor Tappan had planned the inauguration of a new course in Justice and Correctional Administration, a seminar designed for students who have participated in the internship program of the National Council on Legal Clinics. The course contemplates intensive study of the procedures, problems, and inter-relationships

of the major agencies of criminal justice and corrections.

The voice of this gentle, courteous, and talented man will be sorely missed.

A. H. Sherry H. Blumer J. D. Lohman


Julian Towster, Political Science: Berkeley


The untimely death of Julian Towster on April 15, 1965, brought sorrow and shock to his friends in the University. He was a colleague whose fundamental integrity earned respect; a teacher of energy and erudition, a scholar whose original research and steady output have left their mark on his chosen field.

Julian Towster was born in Poland on February 1, 1905, and came to the United States in 1926. He studied at the University of Chicago, which awarded him the degrees of Ph.B. (1930), J.D. (1932), and Ph.D. (1947). During the period of World War II and for two years afterwards he worked in Washington, serving in various governmental agencies--as Organizations and Propaganda Analyst in the War Division of the Department of Justice, as Social Science Analyst in the Office of Strategic Services, and in the State Department's Office of Research and Intelligence where he was Chief of the Foreign Policy Section, U.S.S.R.

After his service in the government, there came the appropriate recognition of his academic attainments. Fellowships were granted to him by the Social Science Research Council, the Russian Institute of Columbia University, and the Gugenheim Foundation.

It was in 1950 that he joined the Faculty of the University of California. Here, until his death, he continued for fifteen years to serve in the Department of Political Science as our specialist in the politics and government of the Soviet Union.

By his voluminous and authoritative writings on this subject, Julian Towster achieved an eminent reputation as a Sovietologist throughout the United States and abroad. His major work was the book entitled Political Power in the U.S.S.R., first published in 1948. It was intensively studied and cited and was used for teaching purposes in over one hundred colleges and universities.

This book broke new ground. It contained a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the machinery and processes of the Soviet government. The materials were drawn, at first hand, from Russian sources, of which Julian Towster had a thorough mastery and an encyclopedic knowledge. This definitive book was then followed by a steady stream of articles, reports, papers for scholarly conventions, and contributions to collaborative volumes in the field of comparative government. At the time of his death, Professor Towster was working on the manuscripts of two more fundamental treatises--one concerning the foreign policy of the Soviet Union, and the other on its conduct of foreign relations.

Julian Towster was a man of erudition, thorough in scholarship, meticulous in accuracy, and painstakingly culling the documents, monographs, newspapers and journals which yielded grist to his mill. But he considered it equally a part of his metier to be active in public affairs. With unflagging energy he gave the fruits of his learning to government agencies, to public forums, to academic seminars, and to civic bodies whose interest lay in the sphere of international affairs. Thus, he served as Political Affairs Consultant to Radio Free Europe; he belonged to the editorial board of the American Slavic and East European Review; he was much in demand for public lectures on Soviet affairs; and he was a regular television commentator on station KQED's “World Press Program”.

To his professional work Julian Towster brought all the assets of his training in a European Gymnasium and an American

University, and the knowledge that he derived from books was fortified by travels in Europe, the Middle East, and the Soviet Union. Expertly trained as a political scientist, he was versed in half a dozen languages. But above all, his thoughts and writings were inspired by a philosophy of politics. Having witnessed at firsthand the effects of two species of totalitarian dictatorship, the Hitlerite and the Stalinist, he was a determined foe of despots and despotism. His Jewish faith and Talmudic learning ingrained in his character a lasting sympathy for the oppressed and a respect for human dignity achieved through the free exercise of the individual intellect. His voice in Departmental councils and before public audiences was never daunted, never timid, and never silent, when an issue of justice was at stake. A doughty protagonist and a loyal friend, he will not be forgotten by those who were privileged to work with him as a colleague and to know him as a man.

Leslie Lipson Robert Scalapino Dwight Waldo


Carl James Vogt, Mechanical Engineering: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Carl James Vogt passed away in Oakland, California, on August 20, 1965, at the age of 66. He was born in Balingen, Germany, on May 20, 1899, the son of Carl Vogt and Bertha Vogt. He was brought to the U. S. A. in 1906 and lived in Knights Ferry, California, where he attended public schools in preparation for college.

He began college studies at Stanford University in 1918 but, due to World War I conditions, soon became employed as a mechanic in the Mare Island Naval Shipyard. He returned to his studies in 1922, this time at the University of California, and was awarded the B.S. degree in 1926. After nearly two years of research work in the engine laboratory of the Standard Oil Company, he joined the faculty of the College of Mechanics at the University of California with the title of Instructor. During his early teaching career he was able to undertake graduate studies and was awarded the M.S. degree in 1930. He rose through the professorial ranks and was promoted to the Professorship in 1945, from which he retired in 1964.

Professor Vogt devoted his technical efforts to the field of internal combustion engines, and investigated many problems relating to engine fuels and lubricants. His pioneering experiments on the use of butane were instrumental in gaining wide-spread use of this fuel in trucks. His later work on Diesel fuels continued up to the time of his death and led to many improvements

in the injection systems of these engines and to a sound basic knowledge of the physical and thermal properties of a number of the hydrocarbon components of Diesel fuels. For several years prior to his death, Professor Vogt was very active in the research program on the control of smog-producing conditions in automotive engines, and served as coordinator of the extensive research program in this field at the Los Angeles campus. Closely related to his research were the professional engineering activities of Professor Vogt. These included participation in meetings and committees of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Petroleum Institute, as well as consultation and advisory assignments for governmental agencies and private companies.

Carl Vogt was not only a research and professional engineer but, first and foremost, a teacher with a genuine concern for students as individuals and for their education. Over the years he taught elective courses in the fields of engineering, naval architecture and automotive engineering as well as participating in the teaching of basic courses required of all mechanical engineering students. He made an effort to provide students with aids to learning, including the writing of a syllabus on Diesel engines for U. S. Naval postgraduate students who studied at Berkeley during the 1930's, the editing of a syllabus for the senior design course, the translation of pertinent technical articles and texts, and the development of experiment stations for the laboratories. To an unusual degree, graduates who had studied under him have made it a point to see him on their occasional visits to the campus. He also served as advisor to a number of the student engineering professional and honor societies, including Tau Beta Pi, Pi Tau Sigma, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the student branch of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Through insisting on a high level of performance, Professor Vogt contributed much to the development of these

young men. His kindly but enigmatic approach to students led them to confer on him the title of “The Living Legend.”

Another facet of Carl Vogt's life was that related to the U. S. Naval Reserve. As a graduating student in engineering he was invited to participate in a cruise on the Admiral's Flagship and some time thereafter accepted a commission as Ensign. He became active in the Naval Reserve and had advanced to the rank of Lieutenant Commander by 1942 when he was selected by the Navy to establish and become the first head of the U. S. Naval Diesel Engineering School on the Berkeley campus. After a few months of successful operation of the school, he was transferred to Washington, D.C., to become Officer in Charge of Diesel Test and Development for the Bureau of Ships. In this capacity he worked with manufacturers in solving technical problems of the diesel engines used by the U. S. Navy. Toward the end of the conflict in the European Theater of War, Carl Vogt, by then a full commander, became a member of the U. S. Naval Technical Mission in Europe and was one of the first U. S. Officers to be sent into Germany to evaluate and exploit the technical accomplishments of German industry in research, development and production during World War II. Following his release to inactive duty in 1945, Carl Vogt returned to the Berkeley campus and assisted in the formation of Navy Research Reserve Company 12-5, in which he participated for a number of years. His advancement to the rank of Captain took place in 1949 and this rank was retained on his retirement from the Naval Reserve in 1959.

His colleagues will remember Carl Vogt as a person who willingly accepted assignments of many types and promptly executed the work involved. His efficient but friendly administration of the Division of Mechanical Engineering from 1946 to 1949 reflected his ability to get along with people of diverse interests in spite of three-term academic years, the “G.I. Bulge” and inadequate facilities. His service on many faculty

and University committees was always accomplished thoroughly and with considerable insight. His unfailing cheerfulness and his wry sense of humor often concealed the discomfort of physical ailments from which he suffered for several years before his death.

Carl Vogt was married to Eva B. Bradley in 1931. He is survived by his wife, Eva, of Berkeley; their son, Carl James, Jr., of Santa Barbara; three grandchildren; his mother, Mrs. Bertha Vogt Hoffman, of Modesto; and his stepsister, Mrs. Kathryn Hoffman Colenso, also of Modesto.

E. D. Howe L. M. K. Boelter H. E. White


Catherine Bauer Wurster, City and Regional Planning: Berkeley


Catherine Bauer Wurster, one of the founders of American housing policy, has been taken from our ranks. Born in 1905 in New Jersey, she graduated from Vassar College in 1926. For the next decade in the company of Mary Simkovitch, Lewis Mumford, Clarence Stein, and many others engaged in the study of housing and city planning, she found that concern for the underprivileged, interest in the relationship between man and his environment, and the fervor for reform in public policy which was to guide a uniquely active and influential life.

During these years she served as executive secretary of the Regional Planning Association of America, of the Labor Housing Conference, and of the Housing Committee of the American Federation of Labor, and wrote the classic volume “Modern Housing.” Its synthesis of social, economic, political, technological and architectural insights, established her as an authority in housing and a leader in New Deal housing policy. After the passage of the United States Housing Act of 1937, establishing this country's first permanent low-rent housing program in which Catherine Bauer Wurster had a major part, she served as Director of Research and Information for the new United States Public Housing Authority and as adviser to numerous other federal and local agencies.

In 1940, Catherine accepted an invitation to serve as Rosenberg Lecturer in Public Social Services at the University of

California. There she met one of the Bay Area's most distinguished architects, William Wilson Wurster, and married him in what became an unusually productive and inspiring partnership of interests in housing, architecture and nature. In 1944, upon the appointment of her husband as Dean of Architecture at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she became a Lecturer in the Department of City and Regional Planning at Harvard. She became Vice President of the National Housing Conference, and continued to serve as a board member or officer of the National Committee on Housing, the Committee on the Hygiene of Housing of the American Public Health Association, the Boston and Massachusetts Housing Associations, and the International Federation of Housing and Town Planning. During these years, she presided over a joint committee that drafted “A Housing Program for Now and Later” for the National Association of Housing Officials and the National Public Housing Conference, a significant document in the long campaign for the adoption of the Housing Act of 1949.

In 1950 when William Wurster became Dean of the School of Architecture at Berkeley, Catherine became a lecturer, later Professor, in the University's Department of City and Regional Planning, a position she held until her death. During these years, she was consultant to the United Nations, travelled, wrote, and advised on housing problems in developing countries, and served as adviser to the U. S. Public Health Service, the Housing and Home Finance Agency, and the Census Bureau. She also served in various capacities in the American Planning and Civic Association, the Democratic Advisory Council, and was made an honorary member of the American Institute of Planners. In 1960 when President Eisenhower appointed a Commission on National Goals, she was invited to prepare the section on the urban environment which appears in Goals For Americans. In 1964, she contributed major chapters to the California Governor's Advisory

Commission on Housing Problems. In 1963 she organized a major conference on “The Metropolitan Future” as a part of the University series on California and the Challenge of Growth. When she died she was editing the papers of this conference and was serving as Associate Dean of the College of Environmental Design of which her husband was founder, in 1959, and Dean Emeritus.

No recital of the torrent of facts, offices held, activities led in a rarely fruitful life can do justice to the person and her influence. Catherine Bauer Wurster was always on the go, purposively, whether presiding at a meeting, hiking up a mountain, ferreting out a fact from a child on the old Lower East Side or from an untouchable in Calcutta. She never walked, she always went at a semi-trot; she was never satisfied to hear about something, she wanted to see for herself; she never accepted a theory until she had seen it work in practice. She was equally at home in the noisy Bohemia of Greenwich Village in the 30's, in a trade union wrangle about housing legislation, or in a hard argument with the Congressman from the 14th District. She had a scientist's irreverence for traditional viewpoints, and a revivalist's disdain for the opposition, once she had determined what she thought was wise and humane public policy. She commanded the respect and admiration of architects, planners, sociologists, economists for her ability to think sharply, clearly, incisively, and for a far-reaching knowledge in a wide range of fields.

Mrs. William W. Wurster, mother of a charming daughter, wife of the Dean, and herself Professor and Associate Dean, could preside with equal grace and vivaciousness in New York, in Boston, or in Berkeley. At home with Harvard professors, discussing architecture with a Prince of Thailand who happened to be a former student, or low-rent housing with the Minister of Public Works in the new socialist government of a lately independent country, she accepted honors with modesty and would turn quickly and cheerfully to her private

business--discovering the facts, asking about the policy, and urging action--always action which is the test of policy.

Her bibliography consists of more than eighty articles, books and pamphlets. Some are a catalogue of advocacy on housing. Others are the purest scientific analysis. Some are humanistic commentary on architecture, the functions of cities, the urban life styles. But writing is only one of the records of the range of the person. There are the students--the living representatives in that academic laying on of hands by which we pass on knowledge and commitment. Among them are a half dozen deans, two chief ministers, a dozen professors, several score directors of planning, housing or redevelopment, and many others in professional, public and business life who were inspired by her love of city and country, of people and of buildings, of politics and of business, of science and of policy, inspired by her commitment to a better life for all of the people everywhere. Her love of the mountains, the beaches, and the forests with which nature has so richly endowed the West heightened both her love for the city and her concern that its tawdry environment, built by men, not cloud the lives of those hundreds of millions born and raised in cities. It was the gap between the promise of American life and its reality, between the hope and the realization that commanded her attention, her energy and her talents.

W. L. Wheaton T. J. Kent, Jr. M. M. Webber


Wilfrid Zogbaum, Art: Berkeley

Associate Professor

It was characteristic of Wilfrid Zogbaum to fight with quiet determination against the greatest odds. No one knew how he suffered, physically or otherwise, with an incurable disease. He never decried fate, or allowed his spirit to falter. Up until the last moment he continued to expand his studio, add new equipment, and consider the work to be done in the future. Each morning when his physical condition allowed he went to his studio and would work an hour or two. The blood would drain from his face before he would give up. During these gargantuan efforts of stolen hours he created his most exciting pieces. Although these sculptures were necessarily small, and expressed a severe sensitivity, there was an immutable order and craft that achieved a monumentality that went beyond the “absurdity” of life. His will was as profound as it was exacting. He did not spare himself in trying to achieve the perfection and clarity that his art demanded. In those moments that occurred all too frequently in the last days, when he was exhausted, when his body demanded rest, he would listen to his beloved music. Zog--as his close friends called him--was more than an amateur musician. He preferred to hear at those times Bach's organ works, although his music library included the most advanced composers of the day. His knowledge of French and German music and literature was extensive; he spoke both languages fluently.

There was another side of Zog's nature; his love of the sea. This had been first evident in his paintings, and when he

transferred to sculpture sometime between 1954 and 1957, the theme continued unbroken to his last piece. The sea was the core of his image.

Wilfrid Zogbaum was born in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1915, and never for the rest of his life was far from the sea. As a child he learned sailing from his father who had been an Admiral in the Navy. His grandfather, Rufus W. Zogbaum, had been an illustrator-artist who covered the Spanish-American War, travelling with the warships. There is no doubt that his grandfather had a big influence on him. Zog was surrounded by talk of the sea. He himself became a master in the knowledge of handling of all kinds of craft. It was a joy to watch him sail a boat--seamanship was second nature to him. Knowing Zog, one knew that if he became interested in a subject that he would pursue it until he had mastered it.

When he changed to sculpture, that same need to master the medium, to understand the material, the machines--so necessary in working with metal--became a passion. He became a consumate draftsman. But that was not enough. Zogbaum knew that craft was only secondary to the intent. In his finest pieces there is the perfect blend. One does not feel the “working” of the metal--one feels, more, the total experience of a completed vision.

It is in his drawings that we first see the emerging sculptor. The titles generally relate to the sea or its inhabitants. They have a wiry quality, precise, yet “walking,” in the Klee meaning; that is, improvisational. The early sculpture has this quality. It is linear--the metal “drawing” outlining the boundaries, penetrating the void, intertwining, retracing its steps, and again defining its limits. There is a staccato restlessness in them, close to the beat of the sea. Later he incorporated solid forms, such as rocks from the seashore or swift running streams that had been rounded smooth by the restless action of water. A change began to take place. Although he did not abandon the linear aspect, he began to let the metal dictate

the form somewhat. Vagaries of chance were less evident, and a more formal--pure--look came to his sculpture.

In his last exhibition at the Grace Borgenicht Gallery, New York City, which opened the day before he died, the mainstream of his work was in this form.

Zogbaum had studied at the Yale School of Fine Arts, with John Sloan, and with Hans Hoffman as early as 1935. In 1937 he won a Guggenheim Fellowship which took him to Europe where he met the leading painters and sculptors of the period: Ben Nicholson, Gabo and Moholy-Nagy, Leger and Kandinsky. But, before this he had already been aligned with the American Abstract Artists group who were to make history in America as the most advanced artists of their day, opening the way for America to eventually become the world leader in contemporary painting and sculpture.

It was typical of Zog to seek the new, the not yet accepted. It made life harder for him for he was in a position to have become a “popular” artist. His background had opened many doors; but it was to his credit that his integrity was such that he took the only road for him--the hard road.

During the war when he was in the U.S. Army Signal Corps as a photographer, he made many dangerous landings with the first battalions to return to the Pacific Islands. He never got over the shock and horror of man's inhumanity to man. He hated war, and he hated injustice. Later when he returned to civilian life he became a successful high fashion photographer. He soon gave that up to return to his first love, painting.

He was beloved as a teacher. He was not sparing in his knowledge, and would go to great effort to help his students, not only in their work but also in their private lives. Zog knew that this period of study was a crucial time in their lives. He was thoughtful and sensitive to their needs.

In a large article in Art News about Zogbaum and his work, they wrote, “He (Zogbaum) had become one of America's

leading sculptors.” It is impossible to fortell the future. But in knowing Zogbaum, and seeing his work develop through the years, it is not difficult to see that he would have become even a greater force in the art world than he had already become. He died before he had realized the full potential of his talent.

Zogbaum leaves a son Rufus from his first marriage, and a wife Marta and son “Willy” from his second. They live in East Hampton, New York.

It would be difficult to mention the hundreds of important exhibitions in which Wilfrid Zogbaum has been represented. Let it suffice to mention a few:


  • Chicago Art Institute, Illinois
  • Carnegie International, Pittsburgh
  • Gallerie Civica d'Arte Moderna, Turin, Italy
  • Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City
  • Nebraska Art Association, Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Modern Museum Travelling Show, Paris, France


  • Staempfli Gallery, New York
  • Obelisk Gallery, Washington, D.C.
  • Grace Borgenicht Gallery, New York
  • Dilexi Gallery, San Francisco
  • Stable Gallery, New York


  • Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City
  • New School of Social Research, New York City
  • International Institute for Aesthetic Research, Turin, Italy
  • Einstein Collection, Washington, D.C.
  • Mr. Michael Tapie, Paris France
  • Mr. Harold Rosenberg, New York City
  • Mr. Joseph H. Hirshhorn, Greenwich, Conn.
  • Mr. Norman Granz, Paris, France
  • San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, California

Wilfrid Zogbaum died January 7, 1965.

J. C. Haley H. Cherry S. Gordin R. O'Hanlon

About this text
Courtesy of University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000;
Title: 1966, University of California: In Memoriam
By:  University of California (System) Academic Senate, Author
Date: April 1966
Contributing Institution:  University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000;
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