University of California: In Memoriam, 1985

David Krogh, Editor

A publication of the Academic Senate, University of California, 12th Floor, 1111 Franklin Street, Oakland, California 94607-5200. Information on this publication may be obtained by contacting the Academic Senate Office on any of the University of California campuses. Passage from Colette's My Mother's House, English translation copyright 1953 by Farrar, Straus and Young, © renewed 1981 by Farrar, Straus and Grioux, Inc., used by permission.



Dear Colleagues, Family Members, Friends:

We of the University of California Academic Senate have produced this volume of In Memoriam in fond memory of our deceased colleagues. It is our hope that the memorials herein will serve as fitting tributes to these departed friends, who, these pages attest, served the University so well.

--Marjorie Caserio, Chair, UC Academic Council

It is the image in the mind that links us to our lost treasures; but it is the loss that shapes the image, gathers the flowers, weaves the garland.


My Mother's House


George O. Abell, Astronomy: Los Angeles


A true Renaissance man, George O. Abell packed into the 56 years of his life an amazing amount of constructive accomplishment, as a research astronomer, as an inspiring teacher, as an administrator, as a public-relations spokesman for science and education and as a debunker of pseudo-science, astrology, and other occult frauds. Yet he found time to enjoy hobbies of bowling, softball, attending Dodger games, and especially concerts and productions of grand opera, on which subject he was an authority. Where to begin? Abell was born in Los Angeles in 1927 where he spent his entire life, except for military service, sabbaticals in Europe, and travels for lectures, solar eclipses, and meetings throughout the world. His first astronomical employment was as a guide at Griffith Observatory; later he was an observer on the celebrated Palomar Observatory Sky Survey. Using the plates secured on this project, he identified and described many clusters of galaxies. His catalogue is the basic reference in this field and serves as a starting point for fundamental work in observational cosmology. Abell argued convincingly that second-order clustering (but not a Charlier grouping of clusters in a continuing hierarchy) characterized the distribution of matter in the universe on the grandest scale. He also studied the relationship between luminosity and number of cluster members in each brightness interval, the so-called luminosity function, and showed how it could be used as a tool in the determination of distances of remote galaxy groups. On the Palomar survey plates Abell also discovered a number of aged, extended, dim gaseous nebulae called planetaries. In collaboration with Peter Goldreich, then at UCLA, he concluded that planetary nebulae must have evolved from red giant stars (which in turn had evolved from ordinary solar type stars). This is now the accepted view.

As a teacher, Abell was outstanding. A brilliant and forceful lecturer, he emphasized that the cornerstone of science teaching is to present how we know what we know, rather than just to present facts--whose amazing and sensational character may entertain but not really enlighten the listener.

He pioneered in a new style of textbook which conveyed the flavor and excitement of modern astronomy.

Abell believed in bringing the message to the students, to the public (which he did in numerous lectures) but especially to bright young people. Thus, for more than 20 years he actively participated in the Summer Science Program at Thacher School (Ojai, Calif.). Here 3 dozen capable high school students spent 6 weeks studying physics, math and astronomy at the college level. Some of them have gone on to positions of leadership.

On the national scene Abell was chairman of the American Astronomical Society Education Committee; he served as visiting lecturer at many small colleges which had no astronomy program. In collaboration with Julian Schwinger, he played a key role in the writing and production of a 16-part TV series entitled Understanding Space and Time which popularized aspects of celestial mechanics and relativity underlying the large scale structure of the universe. This program was sponsored by the Open University in London and University of California Extension. He also helped some community colleges develop a TV Astronomy course entitled Project Universe. Abell realized it was important not only to explain to the public what science was, but also to expose pseudo-science and astrology as frauds. In collaboration with psychologist Barry Singer, he was a founding member of the Committee on Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal and contributed to their journal Skeptical Inquirer.

Abell served as president and member of the Board of Directors of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, on the governing boards of the American Astronomical Society and the AAAS, and as president of the Cosmology Commission of the International Astronomical Union for which he organized two very successful symposia in 1979 and 1982. Just before his death he accepted the editorship of the prestigious Astronomical Journal to which he would have brought even higher standards of excellence.

He was unable to remain on the sidelines. Beginning with his first appointment to the Senate Committee on Parking and Transportation in 1959, Abell's services on faculty committees were in constant demand because of his rare combination of energy, pursuit of controversial issues, and level-headedness. He served as chairman of the Graduate Council (1964-65), Chairman of the Committee on Athletics (1968-69), and finally Chairman of the Los Angeles Division itself (1972-73).

Not content to work entirely within the system when he felt its effectiveness was lagging, Abell was an organizer and active member of the Committee for Responsible University Government during that period of student unrest in the 1960s, when he sensed a weakening of faculty and administration standards in the face of student pressure.

Abell was Chairman of the UCLA Astronomy Department for 7 years 1968-75, during an epoch of great growth. He is survived by his wife Phyllis, and two sons by a former marriage.


Abell was a man of many talents but we remember him best for the warmth of his personality, his sparkling wit, active mind, and above all his generosity and devotion to the cause of education and science.

H. Epps D. Popper L. Aller


Mario J. Acquarelli, Surgery: Los Angeles


Doctor Mario J. Acquarelli, 69, Professor of Surgery at UCLA School of Medicine, and Emeritus Chief of Head and Neck Surgery at Veterans Administration, Wadsworth Medical Center, died in St. John's Hospital of intractable heart failure on March 28, 1981.

Doctor Acquarelli received his B.A. and M.S. degrees from the University of Southern California and his M.D. degree from Creighton School of Medicine. He received his postgraduate training at the University of Southern California and at the Veterans Administration, Wadsworth Medical Center.

He remained at Wadsworth and was involved in the initial affiliation of Wadsworth with UCLA, becoming Chief of Head and Neck Surgery at Wadsworth and Vice-chief at UCLA.

He is survived by his wife Alice, his sons James and Robert, and his daughter Maria, all of Westchester.

H. Earl Gordon Dale H. Rice


Henry Elliott Adler, Veterinary Medicine, Davis

Professor Emeritus

Henry Elliott Adler died unexpectedly on July 8, 1983, three months after his sixty-sixth birthday. These past few years, Dr. Adler's health had not been the best and thus had markedly marred his enthusiastic participation at professional and industrial sessions. He is survived by his wife, Mary, five daughters, and one son.

Dr. Adler, although born in New York in 1917, was nevertheless a true westerner, moving first to Washington and then spending a major part of his adult life in California. He received his bachelor's and DVM degrees from Washington State University in 1942 and 1946, respectively, then served as a pathologist for the State Department of Agriculture in Puyallup.

From 1947 to 1949, he was in Hawaii at the Board of Agriculture and Forestry in Honolulu, after which he returned to Washington State University to join the faculty. In 1953, he came to the University of California at Davis as an assistant veterinarian, received his Ph.D. in 1955, and then joined the faculty of the School of Veterinary Medicine until his retirement in 1982.

Although his fortes were microbiology and immunology, Dr. Adler was an excellent pathologist, a fine clinician, and a highly competent veterinarian and biologist. He enjoyed teaching and did it well. Among his many contributions was the development and application of the first really effective bacterin against erysipelas in turkeys in the early 1950s. Of even greater importance was his development of an agglutination test for the detection of asymptomatic carriers of Mycoplasma gallisepticum; he aided greatly in the eradication of this infection in basic breeder flocks of both turkeys and chickens. He loved to get out in poultry houses and turkey pens to work with producers and their birds, and to help them solve problems. His contributions in the field of egg sanitation and hatchery management included the development of egg-sanitizing procedures and efforts to control Salmonella and paracolon infections in turkeys.

While Dr. Adler's major research thrust was in avian diseases and their

management, his contribution to ruminant mycoplasmology was also significant. In particular he had a love for goats and often spoke of serving this industry after his retirement. Of many papers published on goat mycoplasmas the one published just prior to his retirement, describing the presence of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides in California goats was particularly noteworthy because of its presumed exotic nature.

Other contributions made by Dr. Adler included participation in the organization and maintenance of the Western Regional Research Committee on Respiratory Diseases of Poultry, participation in the meeting at East Lansing, Michigan, that resulted in the publication of the National Academy of Sciences--National Research Council Methods for the Examination of Poultry Biologics, and active leadership in a number of committees. He was recognized as early as 1957 with the Newman International Poultry Association Award, and in 1960 he received the National Turkey Federation Research Award. In 1962, a similar award came from the XIIth World Poultry Congress. In 1961-1962, he was a National Institutes of Health Fellow in Australia, awarded by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in Australia, and in 1970 he received a travel award from the Poultry Science Association to present his research findings at the World Poultry Congress in Spain. In 1970, he also received the Corn Products Company International, Inc. Award for distinguished contributions to poultry science advancement. In 1971 Dr. Adler spent a 3 months sabbatical leave at the National University of Mexico, Mexico City, to participate in the Veterinary School's new Graduate Program in Poultry Pathology.

Dr. Adler was one of the organizing charter members of the American Association of Avian Pathologists and an enthusiastic contributor. In late June of this year, he was nominated as a life member of the Association, but he passed away before the Board met and could approve this honor. It would have pleased him very much. Dr. Adler was also a member of the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Poultry Science Association, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, Sigma Xi and the Society for Applied Microbiology.

Dr. Adler was always mindful of the many contributions by those with whom he collaborated. He had the highest regard for his fellow faculty investigators as well as for those staff members and employees of the poultry and turkey organizations with which he worked. He was always eager to encourage and help junior scientists and to give credit to those with whom he was associated. Graduate students whom he encouraged and guided are now recognized investigators, and he had numerous associates at the University of California, throughout the United States, and worldwide. He had a great scientific imagination, tremendous enthusiasm, and an encyclopedic store of facts. Those of us who knew him best know that we

have lost an extremely competent co-worker, a good friend, and a guide for many coming into the field.

Richard Yamamoto Arnold S. Rosenwald Jack A. Howarth Hans P. Riemann


Frank Wisdom Allen, Pomology: Davis

Professor Emeritus
Pomologist Emeritus in the Experiment Station

Frank Wisdom Allen, Professor of Pomology and Pomologist, Emeritus, died on March 5, 1982. Born in Columbia, Missouri, on July 18, 1887, he attended the University of Missouri, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1910. In 1913 he was awarded a Master of Science degree from Iowa State College, where at the time he held an appointment as Instructor in Horticulture. He then went on to Washington State College as Instructor in Horticulture from 1913 to 1917 and to the U.S. Department of Agriculture at Yakima, Washington, as Assistant Horticulturist from 1917-1920. He came to Davis in 1920 as Assistant Professor of Pomology, attaining full rank as Professor and Pomologist in the Experiment Station in 1946. He retired in July 1954, but continued under part-time appointment until July 1955 and was re-employed again in 1957-58.

Professor Allen was a dedicated teacher. Early in his career at the University of California he taught several courses in both the two- and four-year curricula, including a summer practicum. However, he is best known for the course he initiated in the 1930s in the handling, storage and transit of fruits. Many undergraduate and graduate students trained in this course and in his laboratory have applied their training in horticultural occupations around the world.

Professor Allen was a pioneer in research in the area of post-harvest physiology and handling of fruits. He devoted most of his professional career to the study of the biology of maturation and ripening of fruits as related to shelf-life and quality of the products delivered to the consumer. His meticulous studies of the physio-chemical and other biological changes occurring as fruit matures under different climatic and cultural regimes led to the establishment of maturity standards adopted by the California Department of Agriculture, particularly for apples and pears. Although these standards have been refined as more information has become available, the parameters used in Professor Allen's original studies still remain as the

basic criteria for the practical measurement of fruit maturity.

Professor Allen was the first in this country to research the potential of atmospheric modification as an aid in improving and extending storage life of fruits. His work in the 1930s with Yellow Newton apples not only developed important information having commercial application, but stimulated others to explore further the potential of controlled atmosphere storage on other fruits. Today controlled atmosphere storage is an important, widely-used procedure in fruit marketing, particularly with apples.

His research on precooling and storage of fruit brought him world-wide recognition as the expert in this country. In 1936 he was appointed as a member of a three-man panel to study problems associated with delivery and marketing of South African fruits to European markets. The other two panelists were the most renowned British scientist at the time in the field of post-harvest handling and the leading refrigeration engineer from Germany and perhaps all of Europe.

Professor Allen was highly respected by fruit growers, shippers and others associated with fresh produce storage, transportation and marketing. His research, while designed to add to the understanding of the physiochemical changes in fruits during the post-harvest period, nevertheless pointed toward practical applications of such knowledge. Typical of his practical approach was his cooperative research with fruit grower and shipper associations, and in part with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in which he rode in the caboose of a freight train from California to New York in order to monitor experimental shipments of fruit during transit. He made his first such trip in 1924, and others in 1935 and 1950.

In all he published some 150 technical and semi-technical bulletins, papers and popular reports on fruit production and on fruit handling, transportation and storage. His monograph in Hilgardia in 1932 on the physical and chemical changes in the ripening of deciduous fruits was the first publication of its kind, truly a pioneering endeavor, the forerunner of many subsequent reviews on the same topic by other authors.

His 1953 paper in the Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science on the influence of growth regulators sprays on the growth, respiration and ripening of Bartlett pears earned him that society's Charles G. Woodbury Award in Raw Products Research for 1954. He was also made a Fellow of the American Society for Horticultural Science in 1965 in the first group of persons so honored by the Society. His research was characterized by the thoroughness with which the experiments were conducted and his ability to focus on the important areas for study. His contributions were significant,

too, because of his ability to cooperate, a reflection of his consideration for others. He ranks as one of the distinguished horticulturists of his time.

D. S. Brown L. L. Claypool K. Ryugo


Jamie Amorocho, Civil Engineering; Water Science and Engineering: Davis

Professor of Civil Engineering and Water Science

Jaime Amorocho possessed that quality unique among engineering educators of today, a profound understanding of both the world of science upon which his profession was based, and the real world of engineering practice, which calls for viable solutions to society's problems. He was the consummate professional in all he undertook, as a practicing civil engineer, as a teacher and as a researcher.

Born in Bogotá, Colombia, January 3, 1920, Jim received his technical education at the National University of Colombia, graduating with a degree in Civil Engineering in 1943. He came to the United States the following year with a Texas Company scholarship to enter the graduate program in petroleum engineering at Pennsylvania State University, where he was awarded an MS degree.

Married in the spring of 1946 to Martha Gosztonyi, he began his professional career with the Texas Company in the petroleum industry. He returned to Bogotá in 1947 to become Secretary General for the Colombia National Petroleum Council. The following year he formed his own engineering company, Ingenieros Associados, Ltda. Later he joined the firm of R.J. Tipton Associate Engineers, and from 1949 to 1957 he was managing partner and chief engineer with responsibility for design and supervision of construction of numerous water resources projects in South America.

Returning to the United States for the Tipton organization in 1957, Jim reoriented his career toward academia, seeking to expand his capabilities in a newly developing field, stochastic hydrology, to which he was to become a pioneering contributor. At the University of California, Berkeley he initiated work in non-linear hydrologic processes that set the pattern for his career as a researcher. Joining the faculty of the Department of Water Science and Engineering of the University of California at Davis in 1961, he commenced a distinguished career as a teacher and researcher in the fields of hydrology and hydraulic engineering. He was promoted to

the rank of Professor in 1966 and shortly thereafter transferred into the Department of Civil Engineering.

Because of his practical experience in design of hydraulic structures Jim was called upon as consultant to the State of California in design of major features of the State Water Project, notably the California Aqueduct and the Tehachapi Pumping Plant, both the largest structures of their types in the world at the time of construction. Perceiving a need for applied research on certain aspects of design for these structures, he implemented agreements between the University and the State's Department of Water Resources to build Hydraulic Lab II on the Davis campus. As director of this laboratory from its inception, he was responsible for major design innovations in water project facilities, including regulating structures for the aqueduct and the intakes of the Tehachapi Pumping Plant. The laboratory proved to be an attraction to his students as well, providing the resources for graduate research under Jim's direction. He rapidly gained a reputation among students, not only for his expertise in hydraulic engineering but for his high standards of quality and integrity. Jim was a firm but fair advisor, who always expected and received the best his students could give.

Hydrology continued to be a major focus of Jim's research at Davis, leading to important advances in rainfall runoff modeling and simulation. He developed a mathematical model for non-linear analysis of hydrologic systems, a unique application of entropy in the assessment of uncertainty in hydrology, and practical procedures for utilizing satellite imagery to analyse rainfall episodes. For his pioneering work in hydrology he was awarded the American Geophysical Union's Robert E. Horton Award in 1974 and in 1981 was elected a fellow of the AGU.

Throughout his life Jim sought to enhance the image of the professional engineer. He was elected a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers and was a member of the National Society of Professional Engineers, which Society granted him its Distinguished Service Award in 1962. He served on the editorial boards of professional and research publications, notably as Editor-in-Chief from 1974 to 1981, of Hilgardia the University's prestigious journal of environmental and agricultural sciences.

Jim will be remembered by his family, students and many friends as a tireless worker for his profession, a highly principled advocate for excellence in all of life's endeavors, and a man whose zest for life was always evident.

Jim is survived by his wife Martha and two children, Robert and Gladys.

M.A. Marino V. Scott G. T. Orlob


Morris Asimow, Engineering and Applied Science: Los Angeles

Professor of Engineering Systems, Emeritus

Morris Asimow succumbed to the ravages of cancer at the age of 75 on January 10, 1982. Thus, a career both distinguished and versatile--over thirty years of which was devoted to the University of California--came to an end. He is survived by his wife of over 50 years, Lillian, their son, Robert, and daughter, Mrs. Ruth Einstein.

Morrie was born in Milwaukee of parents who had immigrated to the United States from Russia. The family moved to Los Angeles during Morrie's childhood and he graduated from the Polytechnic High School. He attended UCLA (still the U.C. Southern Branch at the time), transferring to the Berkeley campus where he earned a teaching credential in addition to the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D.--all in Engineering. The first of many honors he was to receive was that of being named University Medalist.

Professor Asimow's early professional career was in metallurgy--both in teaching at UCB and subsequently in industrial research. His talent for management soon surfaced, and he became general manager of two metals/manufacturing firms. In 1947, after a period of successful, independent professional consulting, he was lured to UCLA Engineering through his high regard for its founding Dean, L.M.K. Boelter. He remained a member of the faculty until his retirement in 1972, and returned from time-to-time thereafter for special assignments. Always an innovator and inventor, he developed and taught the discipline of engineering design and published one of the early texts on the subject per se--in contrast to the traditional design procedure directed to specific areas. In the early fifties, his inventiveness resulted in a medical device that became the standard orthopedic instrument for the determination of hand function. Not only is it still in use today, but it is approved by the California and New York State Accident Commissions as the legal means of evaluating hand-performance.

The underlying idea of what was to become his complementary lifework was born in 1949, when he traveled to New Guinea to recruit native labor and set up a plant to reduce wrecked and surplus war planes to scrap. The

success of the enterprise convinced him “that if you could do such a project on an island like this with unskilled natives, you could do it almost anywhere in the world.”

He put his theory to a major test in the early Sixties by launching a series of small-scale factories in the poverty-stricken Ceara region of northeast Brazil. With the help of UCLA and Brazilian students, Dr. Asimow recruited a local board of directors, convinced small landowners to become stockholders in the enterprise, and trained managers and workers.

Within two years, “Project Asimow” had spawned five separate corporations for the manufacture of shoes, radios, ceramics and pressed wood. In an article on the “do it yourself capitalism” project, Time described Asimow as “in a class by himself as a one-man aid program.”

Once well underway, Asimow turned the companies over to complete ownership and management of the Brazilians, asking, as always, no recompense for himself.

The Asimow concept, under his tutelage, spread to developing regions of Mexico and Venezuela, as well as Iran and Greece.

Returning to UCLA, Dr. Asimow turned his vision to his own backyard. Well before the 1965 riots, he began working in the Watts area to try to mesh local capital, professional skill and labor into self-owned and run development projects. One concrete result in the middle and late sixties was the establishment of a plant producing protein-enriched macaroni and spaghetti. He also served as President of the Meals for Millions Foundation, extending its activities to the training of foreign nationals in developing manufacturing techniques for the production of enriched food stuffs in their home countries.

Among other honors, he was awarded the Henry Howe Memorial Medal for metallurgical research, the 1966 Outstanding Engineer Merit Award of the Los Angeles based Institute for the Advancement of Engineering, the 1967 Master Designer Award by Product Engineering magazine, honorary citizenship by the State of Ceara, Brazil, and the Order of the Rio Brancho by the Brazilian government.

Professor Asimow was an engineer who practiced in the field what he taught in the classroom and who believed that the highest purpose of technology was to help people help themselves. Much of this philosophy found its way into his last major achievement, the writing and publishing of a Utopian, science-fiction novel, Tale of Two Planets, which offers a scenario of peace among the superpowers and prosperity in the Third World.

But the recitation of honors and achievements falls far short of adequately reflecting the man. A man of creativity and capacity for continued growth (he began serious study of the Hebrew language after his retirement), and of deep interest in world affairs, he had a global perspective. Particularly

devoted to the Middle East, only the spread of his cancer stopped his efforts to develop small industries in the Arab populated areas of Israel. Above all, those who had the good fortune to know, and work with him will remember him as a man of consummate integrity and strong character, tempered always by warmth and human kindness.

J. Lyman A. Rosenstein M. Rubinstein Wm. D. Van Vorst


Kenneth Leslie Babcock, Soils and Plant Nutrition: Berkeley


Kenneth L. Babcock was born in 1927 in the citrus center of Riverside in Southern California. The influence of the agricultural environment upon his development was fortified by his father's successful, commercial agricultural laboratory. Ken felt attracted to the scientific foundations of the family enterprise and he followed his old brother to the Berkeley Campus. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and at graduation in 1950, was honored with the University Gold Medal. He was cited as the most distinguished student of the entire campus graduating class.

As a graduate student, he was drawn to Professor Roy Overstreet, a chemical thermodynamicist in the Department of Soils and Plant Nutrition in the College of Agriculture. Overstreet was trying to bring together soil colloid chemistry, especially the proliferating phases of ion exchange and root-clay interactions, and classical chemical thermodynamics. Like Castor and Pollux, Roy and Ken soon became lifelong inseparable stars who achieved international recognition. Ion exchange equilibria, Donnan potentials, and electric double layers became symbols of the Berkeley school.

In 1955, Ken received his Ph.D. and joined the University staff. In the same year, Roy and Ken published in the U.C. Syllabus Series the book Chemical thermodynamics, a summary for soil chemists and biologists. Simultaneously, the journal Soil Science carried their provocative joint article on “Thermodynamics of Soil Moisture.” In the following year, at the 6th International Soil Science Congress in Paris, the two together with Hans Jenny were the center of an agitated symposium on contact effects and activity measurements. Ken enjoyed the argumentation and skillfully made clever repartees.

In 1963, Ken published in Hilgardia, the monumental treatise “Theory of the chemical properties of soil colloidal systems at equilibrium.” It established his independence and command of the field. Throughout his professional life, his colleagues esteemed his mastery of thermodynamics and related mathematics. He was demanding of his students and they were

impressed by the logical construction and clarity of his lectures. Ken abhorred slipshod research and stressed fundamentals. As he sat in his basement office, he could be imagined as a dedicated medieval monk, working creatively in his cell. Occasionally, rumblings were heard as to whether or not a College of Agriculture could afford to harbor so pure a scholar, for his work certainly did not produce immediate practical benefits for the farmer. With many others, we believe that his thinking strengthened the foundations of agricultural science, and that his quest for rigor in thought fostered quality in our own research.

Babcock was invited to many national and international conferences. In 1961 he was a visiting lecturer at Cornell University, and in 1964 he was the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship to Greece. As an author, his name appears on over 50 professional papers.

Ken did not live for science alone. In 1960, he married Claude T. Truchard and became a happy and beloved pater familias. He was concerned about inadequacies within the University system and assumed presidency of the Berkeley Chapter of the Association of American University Professors (AAUP). He also became active in numerous University committees and eventually assumed chairmanship of many of them. Perhaps the most influential of these were the Committee on Committees and the Senate Policy Committee; other important ones included: Rules and Jurisdiction, Admissions and Enrollment, Membership, Assembly, and Relations with Schools. He served on the Chancellor's Committee on Equal Opportunity Program, participated in the teaching of courses in Interdepartmental Studies, and was chairman of the Athletic Policy Committee.

For several years (1969-1975, 1978) he was at the helm of the Department of Soils and Plant Nutrition, but left the chairmanship to become Associate Dean of Academic Affairs in the new College of Natural Resources.

In the late 1970s, throat cancer forced Ken to curtail teaching and administration and, after much suffering, he died in his sleep on January 11, 1981, aged 54 years. At the Commencement ceremony of the College on June 6, 1981, Professor Babcock was awarded the Berkeley Citation posthumously by Provost Doris H. Calloway. Ken was an ornament of the University and a kind, helpful, and patient friend.

Hans Jenny R. A. Cockrell P. R. Day


Stanley Fuller Bailey, Entomology: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Stan Bailey was one of the best known and most productive members of the faculty on the Davis campus where over a period of 36 years he went from Junior Entomologist to the Professorship. He headed the Department of Entomology for 11 years during an important period of growth starting in 1946.

He was born August 1, 1906 in Middleboro, Massachusetts and died of a heart attack April 19, 1981. He graduated in Entomology from the University of Massachusetts in 1929 and received the Ph.D. from UC, Berkeley in 1931.

Prior to World War II there were only four faculty members in Entomology at Davis. Of these Stan was the most strongly oriented toward helping farmers and contributing work of lasting benefit to agricultural entomology. His prime interests always centered on biology and ecology. As a result, his classical works on bean thrips, pear thrips and peach twig borer have stood the test of time whereas many publications by agricultural entomologists of the same period (1932-1948) emphasized insecticides and are now of historical value only.

With the onset of World War II Stan was one of the first faculty members of the University to volunteer his services. He accepted a commission as Lieutenant in the Medical Service Corps of the U.S. Navy and served in North Carolina, Florida, and the Central Pacific Theater, eventually attaining the rank of Captain. He often recounted his experiences in the recapture of Saipan and the turbulent days which followed. However, he is best remembered for the dengue mosquito eradication program on Guam. This insect had been introduced during Japanese occupation and it was firmly intrenched in the many native villages. After some preliminary experimental studies on control Stan was put in charge of about 30 Guamanians, and a systematic source reduction and insecticide program was begun. Stan's organizational and administrative abilities were forcefully applied and the mosquito was eradicated in about a month. Concurrently, the number of

dengue or breakbone fever cases among the armed forces and natives declined from thousands to zero.

After the war Stan returned to Davis to become head of the Department and to continue his teaching and research in agricultural entomology. In 1960 he was selected as a Faculty Research Lecturer. Stan published nearly 100 papers during his career. Agricultural and medical entomology accounted for about half of these. The other half were basic taxonomic studies of thrips, some of which were agricultural pests. From this work-hobby he became a world authority on the order Thysanoptera (Thrips) and the Department of Entomology Museum now has his imposing collection of meticulously prepared slides.

Most of his later work concerned California mosquito vectors of encephalitis and malaria. He concentrated on habits and ecology, as always. He and his graduate students discovered many hitherto unknown facts. The most important findings were reported in a Hilgardia article on flight and dispersal of Culex tarsalis, the encephalitis mosquito.

With all his activities Stan was a good family man, and he leaves his wife, Irene, daughter, Carol Anne, and several grandchildren. Stan and Irene were firm believers in a close-knit and congenial department. Consequently, staff and graduate students were frequently invited to dinner and other get-togethers at the family home.

On the occasion of his retirement in 1967 Stan wrote with characteristic modesty: “My primary obligation I have always felt was to the citizens who paid my salary. I have helped solve some of the farmers problems and contributed to the needed practical knowledge of our mosquito disease vectors. Most of all I am proud of two things: (1) the buildings I had a part in planning during the eleven years I spent on the Campus Building Committee, and (2) my graduate students who have become my best and loyal friends. Here has been the best investment.”

Stan Bailey set an example of productivity for his colleagues, and inspired some of their best efforts. He will be fondly remembered by his students and friends for his encouragement and sound advice.

R. M. Bohart O. G. Bacon E. C. Loomis


William Balamuth, Zoology: Berkeley


William Balamuth died suddenly 10 June 1981 during an East coast sojourn with his wife, Mollie. The great distress of his family is shared by his many friends and colleagues, whose personal loss is exacerbated by a sense of its impact upon his chosen field, protozoology.

It is difficult to distill the essence of a man, particularly one who valued privacy almost as much as he did objectivity, one in whom shyness and gregariousness were woven into an unusual harmony. The distillate is possibly “fastidiousness,” a quality which seemed to pervade his intellectual and philosophical outlook, his research and, indeed, his dealings with others. As his life's work was of such a nature as to be exacting and to require meticulous care in design and execution, it is also difficult to be certain to what degree personal traits and strengths, and the demands of the field of study, influenced one another; however it was, the appropriate person came together with the appropriate field of scholarship.

Bill Balamuth was a native of New York City and there attended its city's secondary schools. His undergraduate years were spent at the College of the City of New York, interrupted only by a year's training as a Bonnie Wallace LeClair Fellow in 1933-34 in the laboratory of Nobel Laureate Hans Spemann of the University of Freiburg. Returning to CCNY to complete the B.S. degree, he was graduated Phi Beta Kappa and then commenced graduate studies in the Department of Zoology of the University of California at Berkeley. Here he encountered the long and grand tradition of protozoological research, established by Charles Kofoid, and advanced by Harold Kirby. Here too, his appreciation of the principles relating to infectious disease agents were influenced by K. F. Meyer and A. P. Krueger of the Department of Bacteriology. He completed the Ph.D. degree with Professor Kirby in 1939, presenting a thesis which explored regeneration in the heterotrichous marine ciliate, Licnophora macfarlandi, a study which neatly combined the background in developmental biology acquired in Spemann's laboratory with a deepseated interest in protozoan biology. His

doctoral research provided a stimulus for a comprehensive review of the phenomenon of regeneration in all classes of protozoans, which was published in 1940; this, together with two papers derived from his dissertation, won him widespread respect among protozoologists very early in his career.

It was during the period of his doctoral work that he met a popular new graduate student and Teaching Assistant, Mollie Anderton. Their individual studies led them both to the University of Washington Friday Harbor Laboratories on San Juan Island, Puget Sound. The combination of mutual interests enjoyed by two charming youths in a beautiful setting proved irresistible to Fate: the two were wed in Seattle in June, 1938 and Mollie and Bill were forever after a team--at home and in the laboratory. Her skill in maintenance of an extensive protozoan culture collection has gone largely unheralded--and certainly unpaid!

Carrying the strength of protozoological scholarship from its Berkeley font, the Balamuths went first to the University of Missouri, then a year subsequent to Northwestern University, where he was a member of the faculty of Zoology for 13 years. The premature death of Professor Kirby caused him to be invited back to the University of California to replace his former mentor, to whom he was the logical successor. He joined the faculty of Zoology in 1953, remaining with it until his death.

During the period of the Second World War, his interests became centered on parasitic amoebae, in particular their in vitro cultivation. His meticulous care in design and preparation of media, in defining the role of other microorganisms in supporting growth, and in clarifying processes of development, such as encystment, spread his already substantial renown and influence even further. For a number of years he was Deputy Director of the Commission on Enteric Infections, Armed Forces Epidemiological Board. These services were given while maintaining his normal academic responsibilities.

In more recent years he concentrated on the biology of amoeboflagellates, and was an innovator and pioneer in the cultivation of these organisms. His analyses of their nutritional requirements, and the elucidation of factors controlling cell cycling and transitions among amoeboid, flagellate, and encysted stages, secured a preeminence in amoeboflagellate research, and he was recognized as the authoritative spokesman in this area.

Altogether, he published over 80 contributions to protozoology, but his eminence in the area is more broadly based. His primary legacy is to be found in those who benefited from his instructional activities and research guidance. His doctoral students number a dozen and a half, and most hold academic appointments in the U.S. and overseas. His wide curiosity and broad learning are reflected in the very diverse research topics pursued by these very students. Nor should one think that his influence is or was restricted to a narrow audience of protozoologists; rather, it has been spread through a generation of students who have become, for example, physicians, cell and molecular biologists, and microbiologists.


His counsel was eagerly sought and, until he was forced for reasons of health to reduce travel commitments, he was an invited speaker, organizer, or symposium chairman at virtually every international congress of protozoology or parasitology. Requests for materials from his extensive living culture collection arrived constantly. Cultures, help, and advice he provided cheerfully. As these requests were from all over the world, he was not merely a local resource, but was an international one.

He approached all responsibilities with the aforementioned fastidiousness, a characteristic dedication, and a keen intellect. A more formidable combination it is difficult to imagine. And so it was that he answered a call to administrative duties and was for three years an Associate Dean of the College of Letters and Science. From 1974-80 he was Faculty Assistant to the Chancellor in the very demanding position of Chair of the Buildings and Campus Development Committee. He reactivated and reinvigorated a committee at a time when this activity on the Berkeley campus had all but ceased. His dedication to the task was primarily responsible for the recent establishment of the Campus Planning Office as the major vehicle for faculty review of use and allocation of academic space. While he abhorred carelessness and slovenliness, he was a leader who recognized that his self-generated, impossibly high standards could well be difficult for others to emulate, though he was willing to devote enormous amounts of thought and time to demonstration by example. As a perfectionist, he was in conflict with expediency, although he was invariably gracious and sensitive to ideas and convictions of his colleagues. His sense of humor seldom failed him, and he had a fine sense of timing in its use to reduce tensions as they were building.

He had served as President of the campus chapter of Sigma Xi. Besides membership in honor societies, his professional affiliations included, American Institute of Biological Sciences; American Microscopical Society; American Society of Parasitologists; Western Society of Naturalists; and the Society of Protozoologists. He was one of the founders of the last-named, served this Society in many capacities, and was elected its President in 1969.

He was a Visiting Professor at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico in February, 1996. After serving as consultant for some years to the American Type Culture Collection, he was appointed to its Board of Trustees in 1979. His critical insight was much valued for panels and study sections of federal granting agencies, and his care for, and sensitivity to, language served him well on the editorial boards of several scholarly journals.

The Balamuths were exceedingly amiable hosts. Their warm and happy home was always open to visiting colleagues and students, and numerous guests from many sections of the world will reflect upon the many courtesies

which were so kindly and graciously extended. Bill Balamuth leaves his devoted wife, Mollie, who continues to be active in various campus activities devoted to faculty and to graduate student families; a son, Barry, who is a local attorney, and a daughter, Barbara, of Twin Falls, Idaho, and their families.

William Balamuth will always be respected and remembered for his professional integrity, his scholarly contributions, and his years of selfless service, and he will continue to be loved for his sterling personal qualities.

J. E. Simmons O. R. Collins S. S. Elberg E. L. Feder D. R. Pitelka


Meridian R. Ball, Microbiology: Los Angeles

Professor Emerita

For decades they--Professors Meridian and Gordon Ball--were inseparable from the infancy, growth, and increasing distinction of UCLA. This era ended May 2, 1984 upon Meridian's death from cardiac arrest in her Brentwood home in Los Angeles.

Meridian Ruth Greene was born November 11, 1903 in San Francisco, the daughter of John Steward Greene, a sea captain, and Henrietta Zangenburgh Greene, a nurse. She received a B.A. in 1926 from the University of California and a Sc.D. in 1932 from The Johns Hopkins University. She held appointments as Laboratory Technologist and Public Health Microbiologist at the San Bernardino County Hospital, 1926-1929, and as Research Assistant at the Jewish Hospital of Brooklyn in New York, 1932-1935.

Meridian joined the Faculty at UCLA in 1935 as an instructor in the then Department of Bacteriology where she served with distinction for the following thirty-one years. Her specific charge was to introduce into a very abbreviated Department program instructions in medical technology. To this end she organized and taught two courses, serology and public health microbiology, that set the standards throughout the state for their rigor and excellence. As noteworthy as the courses was her friendship with and continuing concern for the welfare of the student in these classes. She maintained a voluminous correspondence with them for years after they had become professional microbiologists. This concern continued after retirement and until her death; during these years she regularly counselled students on careers in medical microbiology.

Her role in clinical technology encompassed more than the teaching. By direct personal contacts with State public health officials, with individuals active in the profession, and within professional societies, she worked effectively to raise the educational requirements and the standards of the licensing procedure for entry into the profession. Meridian was a founding member of the Southern California branch of the Society of American

Bacteriologists (now American Society for Microbiology) in 1936 and was elected Secretary-Treasurer in 1938 and 1947, Vice President in 1951, and President in 1953. Repeatedly she served as representative for her Department of Microbiology to California's annual Institute of Public Health Laboratory Directors.

Her principal research interest was growth and characterization of leptospirae, and at both the national and international level she served on committees concerned with leptospiral infections.

Meridian was a campus social activist. Up to the period of UCLA's rapid expansion, she knew essentially all faculty on a first name basis. She and Gordon entertained extensively--their first dinner parties, open houses, receptions transcended typical departmental insularity, and helped to integrate new appointees in the Biological Science Departments, Bacteriology, Botany and Zoology, into the total campus scene. She was active in the Faculty Women and an early member of the Faculty Center Association. Later, 1966-67, she was also a founding member of the Emeriti Association, served as its initial Secretary-Treasurer, and subsequently as its President. She played a seminal role in the formulation and implementation of its social, economic and academic programs.

At a recent annual meeting of the microbiologists of Southern California a reception was held to honor Meridian; we subscribe to the sentiment expressed there, “We are grateful to you, Dr. Ball, for having been your students, friends, and colleagues.”

S. C. Rittenberg W. Romig J. Pickett


William Russel Bascom, Anthropology: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus
Director Emeritus of Anthropology Museum

William R. Bascom, known affectionately as Bill by all his friends and colleagues, was born in Princeton, Illinois, on May 23, 1912. Raised in Madison, Wisconsin, he attended the University of Wisconsin, earning a B.A. in Physics in 1933. Fortunately for the fields of African studies and anthropology, Bill shifted from physics, completing an M.A. in anthropology at Wisconsin in 1936 and a Ph.D. in anthropology at Northwestern with Melville Herskovits in 1939. He stayed on at Northwestern with an interruption to serve in the OSS during World War II. (For more details, see the first edition of Who's Who in the World (1971-1972) which contains a capsule biography.)

In 1957 Bill moved to Berkeley to accept the directorship of the Lowie Museum of Anthropology. From that time to his retirement, he divided his energies between his nine-tenths appointment with the museum and his one-tenth appointment in the Department of Anthropology. In theory, he could have taught as little as one seminar a year (to fulfill his teaching responsibilities for the Department), but, in practice, he invariably gave at least two courses every year including an important upper division course in folk narrative which influenced several generations of Berkeley-trained folklorists. In addition to his lecture course, he usually offered a graduate seminar in African art or folklore which provided an opportunity for students to profit from his unique expertise in these two subject areas. Although Bill was primarily an Africanist, he took pride in the fact that he had had firsthand experience with three very different peoples and areas. He studied the Kiowa of Oklahoma (1935), the Yoruba both in Nigeria (1938) and Cuba (1948), and the people of Ponape in the Pacific (1946).

In Bill's teaching and research, one could count on solid, substantial, well-considered data and analysis. He was careful and methodical in whatever he undertook. He tended to be modest about his many achievements and one had to be a true scholar to fully appreciate the depth of his knowledge

of African art, which was based in part upon the superb collections he and his beloved wife, Berta, made during various field trips to Nigeria and elsewhere. Those who knew Bill well understood that his incredible patience and persistence made it possible for him to undertake and complete truly monumental projects. For example, he worked on his magnum opus Ifa Divination: Communication Between Gods and Men in West Africa, a magnificent study of divination and religion among the Yoruba of Nigeria, a book which was awarded the coveted Pitrè prize, the most prestigious international prize in the folklore field (which few Americans have won) from 1938 to 1969. Another important project which Bill completed in 29 years (1951-1980) reached fruition in the volume Sixteen Cowries. Not many scholars possess the necessary inner self-discipline to complete such demanding research enterprises. Among his other major books are African Art in Cultural Perspective (1973), African Dilemma Tales (1975) and an edited volume Frontiers of Folklore (1977).

Bill`s achievements, however, consisted in far more than his book-length works. His many articles reflected the same painstaking care and craftsmanship that his books did. More than fifteen of his essays were reprinted, some as many as five times. His pioneering investigation of “Urbanization Among the Yoruba” which first appeared in the American Journal of Sociology in 1955 ranks as a classic piece. His superb survey articles “Four Functions of Folklore” and “The Forms of Folklore: Prose, Narrative,” although written in the 1950s and 1960s, continue to be absolutely essential sources for both professional scholars and beginning students in folklore. His writing was invariably lucid and straightforward. In retirement, Bill continued yet another largescale project, namely the identification of African/Afro-American folktale types. Working on some 99 distinct tales simultaneously, he drew upon his vast unmatched knowledge of African narrative sources. In a remarkable series of essays which appeared in Research in African Literatures (1977ff), he documented the African origin of a number of traditional Afro-American folktales.

Bill's great contributions to the cultural life of the Berkeley campus and the Bay Area included the many exhibits presented by the Lowie Museum of Anthropology over a period of twenty years. Some of those based upon art in nonwestern cultures were especially memorable. Australian Aboriginal Art (1969) and Huichol Yarn Paintings (1970) are but two examples of these educational and entertaining exhibits. In various African art exhibits both at Berkeley and at museums around the country, his advice was crucial, as well as loans from his and Berta's personal collection. He had a critical eye for African art which everyone in the field respected. The Bascom home presented a collection assembled by Bill and Berta which, although not extensive, comprised beautiful works of ethnic art as well as paintings, graphics, and sculpture by contemporary artists.


When Bill wasn't engaged in museum administration, teaching, or research, he was very likely to be out in his garden behind his home on Beloit ministering to his tomatoes, or, if the weather was good, he and Berta might be sailing out on the Bay on their boat Oshun. But, much as he loved gardening and sailing, he was probably most content, puffing on his pipe, sitting at his typewriter. Even after his retirement, African students and scholars continued to make pilgrimages to visit him. He proved to be no less busy in retirement than he had been all his life. It was therefore all the more sad when complications following heart surgery ended this distinguished scholar's life on September 11, 1981. He left behind a rich legacy of scholarly achievement in African art and folklore plus a host of colleagues, friends and students who mourn his passing. We shall always remember this gentle and kind soul.

In Ifa Divination, Bill chose a Yoruba text Truth and Death to serve as an introductory epigraph. The lines included the following song:

Speak the truth, tell the facts;
Speak the truth, tell the facts;
Those who speak the truth are those whom the gods will help.

This could well have been a statement of Bill's scholarly credo, for he was indeed a speaker of truth.

Alan Dundes Nelson Graburn Karl Kasten Erle Loran Alex Nicoloff


Martin Alexander Baumhoff, Anthropology: Davis

Professor of Anthropology

Martin A. Baumhoff was born December 22, 1926 in Camino, California (El Dorado County), to Ruth Kiser Baumhoff and William B. Baumhoff. He was the second son and third of four children. His mother was a school-teacher and his father an orchardist who raised apples. He attended the public schools of the area until high school, when he went to Berkeley to live with his older brother and finished high school there, graduating in August 1944. While awaiting induction into the army, he returned to work in his father's orchard and in a sawmill. He entered the army in February 1945, trained at Camp Roberts and sailed for the Philippines that summer. With the end of the war, he was posted to the army of occupation in Japan, thus starting a life-long interest in that country.

Upon his discharge in 1946, he studied Japanese in the Far Eastern Language Center in Berkeley. At some point in this period--during a brief first marriage--he worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad at duties that included calculations of the rate of melting ice in transcontinental refrigerator cars. In 1948, he enrolled at the Berkeley campus in anthropology, graduating with honors in 1954. While an undergraduate, he served as a museum preparator, and as Assistant Archaeologist under Robert F. Heizer at the Archaeological Survey. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi.

Continuing in graduate school at UCB, he was appointed Merriam Fellow in Ethnography and later Teacher Assistant in General Anthropology. His areas of specialization were social organization, statistics in anthropology and anthropology of western North America. Robert Heizer was his main mentor, but he also studied under S. F. Cook, R. H. Lowie, A. L. Kroeber, David M. Schneider and Robert Murphy. His dissertation, “Ecological Determinants of Aboriginal California Population” , published as UCPAAE Vol. 49, No. 2 (1963) was accepted in 1959 and has become something of a classic. He came to Davis in 1958 as Acting Instructor, as a replacement for D. L. Olmsted who was in the field, and remained as a regular appointee who progressed through the ranks to Professor.


In 1951 he married Anna Erben; she and their four children, Julia, Susan, Martin Alexander, Jr., and Lavinia, survive. The period of the fifties saw his most intense fieldwork: archeological survey and excavation in northern California and Nevada. While his research was primarily archaeological, he was a general anthropologist who taught physical anthropology and North American ethnology as well as culture history and prehistory. For many years he taught the department's required course in statistics and he was at all times a helpful consultant to colleagues who needed statistical guidance.

In 1962, he joined an expedition to Upper Egypt as archaeologist, spending a year there in archaeological survey and excavation. The materials from that piece of fieldwork were incompletely published, due partly to the administrative tasks that awaited him on his return. The combined Department of Anthropology and Geography was partitioned at that time with Baumhoff assuming the chair of the new Department of Anthropology, which he occupied from 1963 to 1966. In that year he was made Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, a position he held until 1968. While challenging, that task was in some respects unenviable, given the temper and activities of students during those years. As the sixties drew to a close, so did his marriage and his administrative service.

In 1973 he wed Helen McCarthy, who shared many of his interests, collaborated on some of his later projects, and with whom he made a felicitous marriage. She and his step-children Wendy, Curt, and Kerry Haworth, survive.

In his later work, he returned to his early interest in the ethnology and archaeology of western North America. He began collaborative work (with D. L. True) on the prehistory of the Lake Berryessa region and (with various graduate students) on the prehistory of the North Coast Range; both of these projects remain unfinished.

His principal work in the North Coast Range province was done in conjunction with the Warm Springs Dam project in Sonoma County where he was responsible for the basic research design and its implementation through several field seasons. The design itself is considerably more research-oriented than has been the case for comparable scale Cultural Resource Management programs statewide, and it is probably the case that from a research perspective the Warm Springs project may well be the most successful major archeological undertaking so far implemented in central and northern California.

His major contributions date from the period of the fifties and early sixties: the early use of quantitative methods in archaeology, the practice of archaeology as an anthropological enterprise, the pioneering consideration of environmental and ecological factors. These contributions help set the stage for the “new” archaeology; Baumhoff had, partly in collaboration

with R. F. Heizer and partly on his own, first described and dated a number of the crucial diagnostic features of the archaeology of California and Great Basin. The series of monographs projected to deal with California and Great Basin anthropology which Baumhoff was helping to launch during his last year reinforce the point that his interest in that part of North America continued to the end.

His early interest in Japan never slackened and he was influential in urging that the campus inaugurate instruction in East Asian languages. When the administration declined to set up a separate department for them, they were housed with Anthropology, where they remain.

As a teacher, he was particularly successful with graduate students. To the very end, he enriched his courses by the fruits of his constant reading in various fields of anthropology; thus his courses underwent constant revision as his own intellectual development proceeded. For example, he was a pioneer in attempts to integrate archeology and linguistics and he continued to study historical linguistics. His course in Old World Prehistory caused him to turn himself into an Indoeuropeanist in later years, and he insisted that his archaeological graduate students take courses in comparative linguistics. The fine roster of students who obtained, or were in the process of obtaining, advanced degrees from him is an enduring monument to his intellectual contributions to anthropology and to the Davis campus.

After several years' struggle with cancer, he died on March 27, 1983.

Kenneth Thompson D. L. True D. L. Olmsted


Edwin Ford Beckenbach, Mathematics: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Edwin Ford Beckenbach was born in Dallas, Texas, and pursued his undergraduate and graduate education at The Rice Institute (now Rice University) in Houston, where he received his Ph.D. in 1931. He then spent two years as a National Research Council Fellow, at Princeton, Chicago, and Ohio State, returning to Rice to join its faculty in 1933. After seven years at Rice, he moved to the University of Michigan for two years, thence to the University of Texas for three, and finally to UCLA in 1945, where he became Emeritus in 1974.

Professor Beckenbach's mathematical work started with his thesis on minimal surfaces, and these, together with the closely related topics of subharmonic functions, convex functions, and inequalities, continued to hold his scientific interest throughout approximately seventy-five papers and several books. His continuing interest in inequalities is reflected in the appearance in the last decade or so of two books on the subject, written with Richard Bellman, and in his part in organizing three international conferences at Obersolfach, West Germany, the Proceedings of which he edited.

Beyond and apart from his purely mathematical work, his contributions to mathematics at UCLA and on the national and international scene were truly outstanding.

At UCLA, he was a leader in developing the graduate program, from the moment of his arrival. The first Ph.D. in Mathematics at UCLA was awarded in 1947 to a student of his (jointly with W. T. Puckett). He also was Acting Chairman of the Mathematics Department for a year. In addition, he made two very important special contributions. First, he almost singlehandedly brought to bear the influence that caused the creation in 1948 of the Institute for Numerical Analysis on the UCLA campus. This was a branch of the National Bureau of Standards devoted to computing and the construction and use of computing machines. Its SWAC computing machine, built at UCLA, was for a number of years one of the half dozen most

powerful computers in the world. The group of mathematicians who gathered in connection with it made UCLA well known world-wide and influenced the development of mathematics here ever after. Second, he was (together with Franticek Wolf, of Berkeley) a main influence in the establishment in 1951 of the Pacific Journal of Mathematics, a major international mathematical research journal sponsored by a dozen or more West Coast universities. Its headquarters and Managing Editors, of whom Ed was the first, have always been at UCLA--something that has contributed strongly to mathematics at UCLA and to the visibility of its mathematical group.

Ed held several elective positions with the American Mathematical Society, and did extensive committee and editorial work for the Mathematical Association of America and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. These many contributions to mathematics and mathematics education resulted in his being selected last summer to receive the Award for Distinguished Service of the Mathematical Association. This is an award given annually for outstanding service to mathematics, apart from research, and it has had a distinguished list of recipients. Ed learned about this honor a few days before death. The award was presented posthumously at the January, 1983, meeting of the Association.

Ed is survived by his wife, Alice Curtiss Tucker Beckenbach. We will long remember the hospitality they extended so often and graciously to local and visiting scientists and their other friends. Not the least of these events were the famous “Mother-ins.” These were receptions, held on or near Mothers Day, to which all UCLA mathematicians and their families were invited to hike, swim, and have a good time.

Ed is also survived by the children of his first marriage, to Madelene Simons: Dr. Edwin S. Beckenbach, Dr. Lenann Nye, and Mrs. Suzann Morse. There are also five grandchildren.

Any report on Ed Beckenbach would be hopelessly incomplete without mentioning his (and Alice's) love of tennis. In fact his interest in tennis may have extended over a longer period than his interest in inequalities. He played intercollegiate tennis at Rice, was Captain of the team and later was Coach. He played a game of tennis the morning of the day he suffered his fatal stroke.

John W. Green Ernst Straus Kirby Baker


Jeanne Humphrey Block, Psychology: Berkeley

Professor In Residence

Jeanne Humphrey Block, research psychologist, Institute of Human Development, and Professor of Psychology In Residence, Berkeley, died of cancer on December 4, 1981, at the age of 58. She is survived by her husband, Jack Block, Professor of Psychology, Berkeley, and by their four children.

Her death abruptly terminated an impressive career as an internationally recognized scholar, teacher, researcher, and critic. It would be difficult to estimate the number of people who saw her as an ideal of the humanist and the scientist, for she combined an extraordinary intellect with the qualities of great erudition, profound love, warm intuitive understanding of others, willingness to exchange ideas, beliefs and feelings, vivacity, humor, and an unending kindness.

She was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and spent her childhood in Portland, Oregon. She served in the SPARS (Coast Guard) during World War II, graduated from Reed College in 1947, and received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1951. Her dissertation was on the development of ego control in children, a central theme of much of her later work.

She remained at Stanford for a year as an instructor after completing her doctorate. Between 1954 and 1963, she held positions as research psychologist at a number of institutions in the San Francisco Bay Area including the Palo Alto Medical Research Foundation, the California Medical Association, the San Mateo Health Clinic, and the Children's Hospital of the East Bay. During 1963 and 1964, she was a National Institute of Mental Health Research Fellow at the Institute for Social Research, Oslo, Norway. In 1965 she was appointed research psychologist at the Institute of Human Development, Berkeley, and in 1979, became Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Berkeley. In 1968, she was awarded a five-year National Institutes of Mental Health scientist development award. Her accomplishments were further recognized by two additional five-year renewals of this prestigious award.


Jeanne was a vigorous, creative, and productive research scholar throughout her career. Several of her publications were reports of pioneering efforts in areas of considerable social importance that were previously uninvestigated. Among her most significant research publications are studies of somatic and psychological factors in the etiology of asthma in children, parental roles in the genesis of schizophrenia and neurosis in children, social and psychological antecedents of student activism, and conceptions of sex roles in cross-cultural and longitudinal perspective. Her research is of the highest scientific caliber and demonstrates Jeanne's rare talents for applying high standards of scientific rigor to problems of understanding human behavior.

Her research has had widespread influence and the impact of her work has been extensively recognized. In addition to the career research scientist awards mentioned earlier, she also received such honors as appointment as the Bernard Moses Memorial Lecturer, University of California, 1972, the Hofheimer Prize in 1974 (the American Psychiatric Association's most prestigious award for research), Master Lecturer of the American Psychological Association in 1979, and election to Fellow status in the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1980.

Jeanne gave as generously to the field of psychology as she did to her own research work. She participated actively in the promotion of psychology as a profession and she held many important offices in professional societies. At the time of her death, she was president of the Division of Developmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association, previously having served as Secretary-Treasurer of that division from 1976 to 1979. In addition to serving on committees of the University, and of government agencies, she served as chair of the Maternal and Child Health research review committee of the National Institutes of Mental Health for 1980 and 1981.

Jeanne was a superb and dedicated teacher, who had a major influence on the work and careers of many of her students. Those of us who shared students with her knew that she expected students to meet the same high standards that she held for herself. In imposing these standards, she maintained warm personal relationships with her students who often became members of an extended family. In addition, she was always available for consultation and advice to students and colleagues in many disciplines related to her own. She was extraordinarily kind and generous in giving time and energy, in listening attentively to plans and ideas, and in helping in a multitude of ways in the design and implementation of research.

Since 1968, Jeanne and her husband, Professor Jack Block, had been collaborating on a comprehensive longitudinal study of the relationships between ego development and thought processes in children, supported continuously by large grants from the National Institutes of Mental Health. In accordance with her wishes, this research program is being carried on by her husband and the project research staff. Anyone interested in understanding

the processes of human development will continue to benefit from her thoughts and efforts for many years to come.

Kindness, gallantry, dedication, and poise were cardinal traits that she manifested in her personal and professional life. She maintained these remarkable qualities even during the grave illness of the last few months of her life. She continued to participate actively in research, in the supervision of students, in professional activities, and activities of her family. Her ways of living, working and relating to others and her gallantry in the last months of her life were an inspiration to her friends, colleagues, family and all who had contact with her.

Paul Mussen Dorothy Eichorn Curtis Hardyck


Julius R. Blum, Statistics: Davis


On the thirteenth of April, 1982, the faculty of the Division of Statistics at the Davis campus of the University of California lost their chairman, their intellectual leader, and their dear friend. The loss of Julius R. Blum, felled that day by a massive heart attack, was much more than a local tragedy. Julius Blum was truly an international figure with friends and co-workers all over the world. While the impact of his prolific research record was substantial, the impact he had on his profession went well beyond his research contributions. He had the rare ability to bring the creative talents that served him so well in his mathematical and statistical investigations to bear upon thorny practical problems of the administrative or organizational type. During his career, he played a key role in the development of programs in statistics at three major universities. His overall leadership in the profession over a distinguished thirty-year career will have an influence that will persist long after the year of his death.

Julius Blum was born in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1922, the son of Abraham M. and Antonia B. Blum. Even at the age of six, he stubbornly insisted that he would be a professional mathematician. While his early years were relatively normal, his life changed abruptly in 1937, the year his parents arranged for him to leave Germany under the sponsorship of his uncle in the United States. Sadly, his parents were unable to arrange for their own emigration and subsequently perished in the Holocaust. Julius served in the United States Army during World War II and began his mathematical studies in earnest at Berkeley after the war. He was a Phi Beta Kappa at Berkeley, receiving the A.B. degree in mathematics with highest honors in 1949. He received his Ph.D. in statistics from Berkeley in 1953.

He spent his first six postdoctoral years at Indiana University and spent the three years that followed as a member of the technical staff at the Sandia Corporation. These were very fertile research years for Blum. In 1963 alone, he published ten research papers, all of which appeared in

leading journals in mathematics and statistics. Also in 1963, he assumed the dual role of Professor of Mathematics and Chairman of the Department of Mathematics at the University of New Mexico. During his six years as department chair, he developed a small and relatively unknown department into a vital and extremely active group of research scientists. With his unique ability to inspire and motivate those around him, the research productivity of his department expanded dramatically. Through judicious hiring, skillful grantsmanship, and plentiful doses of charm and energy, he put the Department of Mathematics at the University of New Mexico on the map. Also during this period, his distinctive administrative style became apparent. The hallmarks of the Blum style were openness, forthrightness, and an absolute insistence on quality. His years in New Mexico were happy, exciting years for him, and he often spoke fondly of Albuquerque and the many friends he made there. He left New Mexico in 1974, accepting an appointment in the Mathematics Department at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. He enjoyed working with several new collaborators at Milwaukee and launched a series of deep and highly technical investigations in several new areas. He spent the 1976-77 academic year as the Program Director for Statistics at the National Science Foundation. The broad range of his research interests made him an ideal choice for this task. During that year, he expanded the reputation he enjoyed for his breadth, judgment, and taste. He was also a very fair-minded man, and he made a strong effort to support promising young researchers as well as more established workers. He spent the next two years at the University of Arizona, where he chaired the Committee on Statistics. He established a statistical consulting center at the University of Arizona, broadened the range of statistics offerings there, and oversaw a modest growth in the statistics faculty in spite of increasing financial constraints on the University.

The Intercollege Division of Statistics was established on the Davis campus in January 1979. The Division first offered a full range of coursework during fall quarter 1979, with Julius Blum at the helm. Blum joined the Division of Statistics as Associate Dean in August 1979. Blum's initial colleagues in the Division consisted of six full-time faculty members, four of them assistant professors and the other two being associate professors. Blum immediately dedicated himself to the recruitment of senior faculty, to the development of a full graduate program, and to nurturing and developing a fledgling statistical consulting unit. In three short years at Davis, he achieved these goals, building a faculty balanced with regard to rank and balanced with regard to the theory-applications spectrum as well. The Division of Statistics at Davis is alive and well and still is operating in the traditions introduced by Julius Blum. He treated his colleagues at Davis like family, and the legacy he left them, both personal and professional, is treasured by each of them.


Julius Blum left behind him an impressive record of more than eighty publications touching many areas of probability and statistics. His research career started with a very important contribution to the theory of stochastic approximation in his doctoral dissertation, followed by multivariate generalizations--works that still remain standard references in that subject. Immediately after this, his research branched out in several directions.

In probability he did highly imaginative work on a variety of problems of major interest before settling down on ergodic theory. An examination of his work in ergodic theory reveals his broad perspective in this specialized area, since his work enriched almost every aspect of this subject. He did interesting work characterizing ergodic distributions as extreme points of the class of stationary distributions. He obtained the first result identifying what it means for a stochastic process to have no dependence on the infinite past (or infinite future), and he investigated the structural dependence of a Markov chain on the infinite past. He obtained many important results on the general ergodic theorem and the ergodic theorem for subsequences. He made numerous contributions to these latter problems and maintained an interest in them throughout his research career.

In statistics, Blum developed a strong interest in nonparametric inference quite early in his career and made many important contributions to this field. His work on density estimation unified a variety of approaches to this problem in a most elegant manner. In a series of papers, he examined situations where sequential sampling is essential and made a number of important contributions to the area of sequential analysis.

A noteworthy feature of Julius Blum's research was his numerous collaborations. The joy of interacting with other creative minds was as important to him as the challenge of the problems themselves. He cherished the memories of these joint efforts and used to gleefully refer to the brilliant team of four in one of these collaborations as “we the people.” He was very fond of working with his students. He had a number of doctoral students and did extensive collaborative research with several of them.

Although Julius Blum's life was marred by a number of personal tragedies, he never lost his zest for living. His personal characteristics included uncommon generosity and a genuine concern about social injustice. He was a very social, outgoing person, and it has been conjectured that no one in statistics had more personal friends and acquaintances in the profession than did Julius Blum. He was an avid tournament bridge player and a life master. What he enjoyed most was people and doing mathematics. He thought it remarkable that he should be paid so handsomely for doing something he so thoroughly enjoyed. He loved to travel, he loved to laugh, he loved to eat--he was open to all life had to offer. Indeed, he was so full of life that, since the thirteenth of April, the silence has occasionally been deafening. He is survived by his wife, Andrea Hicks Blum, by his

two sons, Mark and Howard, and by his granddaughter, Robin. They all brought great joy into his life. May they find comfort in the memories of this joy.

P. K. Bhattacharya A. H. Blum D. L. Hanson F. J. Samaniego L. L. Wegge


Brigitte Marianne Bodenheimer, Law: Davis

Professor Emerita

Wise teacher, distinguished family law, and conflicts scholar, gentle colleague--Brigitte Bodenheimer was a valued member of the King Hall community from 1966 until her death on January 7, 1981.

Born in Berlin in 1912 as Brigitte Marianne Levy, she grew up in Berlin, Frankfurt, Freiburg, and Heidelberg. She received her civil law education at Frankfurt, Munich, and Heidelberg and was awarded the J.U.D. from Heidelberg in 1934. Urged by her parents to leave Germany to avoid the impending crisis, she came to the United States even before her Heidelberg degree was awarded and promptly began a second legal education at Columbia. There she became re-acquainted with Edgar Bodenheimer, whom she had known briefly in Germany. In June 1935 they were married and together became students at the University of Washington School of Law, where Brigitte graduated in 1936.

During the next decade the family grew to include two sons and a daughter and moved to Washington, D.C., for six years, where Brigitte worked on problems of housing and urban redevelopment for the Federal Public Housing Authority. In 1947 the family moved to Salt Lake City where Edgar began his teaching career with the University of Utah. While there, Brigitte became active in a wide range of professional activities--as an attorney, as a special litigator for the State of Utah, as the drafter of retirement laws for teachers and public employees in Utah and Wyoming, and as the author of a highly regarded and still widely used manual for justices of the peace.

In Utah she also began her work in family and juvenile law, which was to become her most enduring legal contribution. She first worked with a citizen's group seeking to develop a marriage counseling service attached to the Utah divorce courts. Later--from 1960 to 1965--she chaired a state bar committee that drafted a far-ranging revision of the Utah juvenile court law, guiding this revision to a successful conclusion through several stormy legislative sessions.


Brigitte began to teach at the University of Utah in 1962. Two years later, when the University waived its nepotism rules, she was appointed Associate Professor. In 1966 she moved with Edgar to the University of California at Davis. Although she served from the beginning as a research member of the law faculty, her teaching career was interrupted until 1971 when the University of California in turn relaxed its rules on appointments from the same family. From 1972 until her retirement in 1979 she served as a full professor on the Davis faculty in the community property and family law fields. After retirement she remained fully active in her professional work.

Brigitte's love and respect for people were the cornerstones of her life and work. As a scholar, she was blessed with a brilliant mind, a distinguished heir to her distinguished parents--Ernest and Marie Levy. Her insights were swift and sure; her research impeccable; her writing always creative and constructive. Never strident, she was an activist, a reformer, and a feminist in the best sense of the terms. Brigitte's power lay in the force of her ideas, her quiet tenacity, and her sophisticated knowledge of people and institutions.

Her writings and international reputation accordingly reflect more than mere mastery of the law. They are a lasting tribute to her human qualities. Brigitte truly believed in the dignity of individuals and their capacity to do good. No Pollyanna, however, she also recognized human failings and the ways in which we are capable of harming ourselves and others.

One of Brigitte's central concerns was for children. For the California Law Revision Commission she completed studies on custody and adoption. As Reporter for the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, she tackled the problem of child snatching. Her efforts led to a Uniform Act now adopted in forty-five states. With imagination and daring she built a system that prevents an abducting parent from taking advantage of the child's new location by providing cooperation among the courts of different states and countries. Now, decisions once entered are honored elsewhere and parents must resolve their disputes in a way that is best for the child. As one of her colleagues stated, “of all the people concerned with the conflict of laws, Brigitte is the only one in recent years who actually did something to make things better.”

Her efforts in this field continued until her death, culminating with the enactment of the Parental Kidnaping Prevention Act of 1980 (a federal bill complementing the Uniform Act) and her service as U.S. delegate to the Hague Conference on Private International Law, which in 1980 adopted a Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. On the international as well as the national level she cast a commanding figure and both measures bear the mark of her expertise and efforts.

Brigitte's concern for the legal problems of families and children mirrored her concern for her own family and children. The daughter and wife of

distinguished legal scholars, Brigitte wove together in rare fashion her personal and professional lives. Her years with Edgar and their children, Peter, Tom, and Rosemaire, were marked with deep personal satisfaction and accomplishment for each family member and with stimulating adventures and discussions. When Brigitte retired, Edgar reflected the vitality of their marriage when he said that some people might view forty-five years of marriage to the same woman as boring. “They, however,” he continued, “haven't lived with Brigitte.”

Her example inspired many. A student wrote, “her courage made me more courageous, her warmth made me more human, her kindness was appreciated and her smile made me glow.” Her legacy remains--in her children and grandchildren, her students and friends, and in her work.

Brigitte's life was rich, rewarding, and full, but she was never too busy to help someone, whether the problem was large or small, legal or personal. She brought true meaning to the words pro bono publico, and the number of people whom she aided both through her writing and through personal involvement is legion. We who knew this remarkable woman will forever treasure our memories of her gentle humor, her warmth, and her dignity.

Carol Bruch Daniel Dykstra Floyd Feeney Friedrich Juenger


James Newton Boles, Agricultural Economics: Berkeley


Born in Westminster, California, Jim Boles spent his boyhood and adolescent years in San Diego, where he grew up working with his father in construction. Completing high school in 1938, he spent three of the next four years at the University in Berkeley as a student in chemistry. Shortly after Pearl Harbor, Jim enlisted in the U.S. Army as a private and was immediately accepted into Officer's Candidate School. His active service duty, part of which was in the Pacific theater, was with an aviation battalion in construction engineering.

After separation from the service in 1946, with the rank of Captain, Boles completed his undergraduate education at San Diego State College, graduating in 1948 with a major in economics. He then entered graduate school in economics at Berkeley in fall, 1948, shifting to agricultural economics two years later. Subsequently, he earned the Master's Degree (1951) and the Doctorate (1955) in the latter field. An additional important achievement during this period was his marriage to Beth L. Reimer in 1950.

Boles' employment with the University dates from his appointment as Teaching Assistant (Economics) in 1950. Upon completion of the Doctorate in agricultural economics in 1955, he continued on in ladder rank in that department for a productive career in research, teaching, and University service. Initially he was involved primarily in applied commodity-oriented research, subsequently shifting more to mathematical programming methodology directed toward more efficient application in various subfields of economic and agricultural economic research. Related to this latter emphasis, Boles entered a period of important service to the departmental research program. Upon acquisition of the initial departmental computer, his fascination with its employment in economic analysis and his persistent computer programming efforts contributed very materially to the effective use of the computer in research by his faculty colleagues and uncounted graduate students. This began with the initial relatively primitive Bendix LGP-30

computer and continued through a succession of machines, supplemented over time with numerous auxiliaries. In these early days of computers in this size class, Boles became one of a few pioneers in the linking of economic models and machine computation. The primary beneficiaries of this very considerable investment of time and effort on Boles' part were his faculty colleagues in their own research (here at Berkeley and elsewhere) and his own and his colleagues' graduate students in their dissertation research. It was characteristic of Jim Boles' life, whether vocational or avocational, to give unselfishly of his time and talent with no expectation of tangible reward.

Boles' primary teaching activity over the years, at both graduate and undergraduate levels, focused on applied quantitative methods in economic analysis. A dedicated teacher, his department has described his teaching in one of his favorite undergraduate courses, Linear Economic Models of Natural Resource Problems, as “an exemplary achievement.” His teaching provided further opportunity to give his students exposure to the computer as a useful machine in research, an opportunity which he exploited most effectively.

Boles was also very active in various aspects of University governance. Within his department, aside from numerous ad hoc assignments and a number of years in graduate and undergraduate student advising, he served a three-year term as Vice Chairman followed by a six-year term as Chairman. During this period, he also served on the Representative Assembly of the Senate, on Chancellor's advisory committees, and a brief term as Acting Director of the Giannini Foundation. Concurrently with his service as Department Chairman, Boles was a central figure in the establishment of the present College of Natural Resources--formed by joining the former College of Agricultural Sciences and the School of Forestry and Conservation into a single College. He served as Chairman, College of Natural Resources Organizing Committee, and of its predecessor, the Joint Executive Committee. According to others among the important participants in this transformation, Boles' dedication and major commitment of time were highly important in minimizing controversy at the initiation of and in the effective transition to the present College.

Boles' contribution in this vein continued as the first Chairman of the Faculty of the new College. During this period, he was also heavily involved in the formation of the new departmental undergraduate program in the Political Economy of Natural Resources. At the same time, he led a major and highly successful faculty recruitment program in his own department.

What was evident to colleagues in the long series of significant contributions by Boles was his composure, fairness, good judgment, and a natural and virtually unlimited capacity for cooperation.

Boles' final, more visible, contribution to University governance was as Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, College of Natural Resources, during

which time he also continued to teach in his department and in the College undergraduate program that he helped to form. Regarding his service as Associate Dean, Dean Schlegel has stated that he was thorough in his task and exercised in it the qualities of fairness and excellent judgment that were characteristic of all of his service to the University.

A major avocation during the last 20 years of Boles' life was in boating, including sailing and racing on San Francisco Bay and on the Pacific. He and his crew won the L Division Season Championships in 1972 and 1973, and they were first to finish and first in the Division in the MORA (Midget Ocean Racing Association) San Francisco to San Diego race of 1974. Beyond this, he made important contributions in service to organizations supporting and regulating regional sailing and racing. Among the honors awarded and positions held in the boating fraternity were the Donald L. Seaton Trophy, “Yachtsman of the Year”; Chairman, Handicap Committee; Chief Handicapper, Performance Handicap Racing Fleet; President, Handicap Divisions Association; Chairman, Bay Area Yacht Racing Association; and Commodore, Metropolitan Yacht Club, Oakland. From comments of his colleagues in sailing, it is clear that Boles brought to this avocation the capacity to handle unsettling and sometimes controversial issues with the same equanimity and skill so evident in his work in the University.

Jim Boles died in April, 1984. He is survived by his wife, Beth Reimer, a successful obstetrician-gynecologist; two sons, Bruce and Robert; and one grandson, Richard. His presence will be sorely missed by his colleagues in the University, his many friends in the regional boating fraternity, and other friends in the community at large.

I. M. Lee P. Berck B. C. French L. L. Sammet D. E. Schlegel


John C. Bollens, Political Science: Los Angeles


John C. Bollens, Professor of Political Science, UCLA, died December 12, 1984 at the age of 62. He was a widely read authority on local government and an influential figure in Southern California public affairs. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin and had been a member of the UCLA faculty since 1950. His courses on metropolitan and urban government and politics were highly regarded by undergraduates and influenced many of them to seek elected office or pursue other careers in public service. He is survived by his wife, Virgine, of Pacific Palisades, California and by two sons, Ross John, a computer physicist at Lockheed Aircraft and Scott Alan, a graduate student in city and regional planning at the University of North Carolina.

Professionally, John Bollens established a national reputation in the field of public administration by his original and path-breaking study of Special District Governments in the United States (1957) and by his encyclopedic study (co-authored with Henry J. Schmandt), The Metropolis (1961). The former is still the standard work on the subject while a whole generation of undergraduates has been introduced to metropolitan government by the latter, now in its fourth edition. A prodigious scholar, Bollens managed to author another 24 books on state and local government, including biographies of Los Angeles Mayor San Yorty and California Governor Jerry Brown and approximately 70 articles on land use planning, urban renewal, metropolitan and urban affairs and standards of public service.

He gained a reputation as an academic who was also practical when he became Director of the Metropolitan St. Louis Survey (1956-57) and of the Dayton Metropolitan Community Study (1956-57). He was regularly selected to shoulder important responsibilities in California statewide and, especially, Southern California public affairs and local government. He directed the Los Angeles City Charter Study sponsored by Town Hall (1962-63), served as a member of Los Angeles Country Citizens Economy and Efficiency Committee (1964-73), Citizens Committee on Zoning Practices

and Procedures (1967-69), Los Angeles Country Public Administrator-Public Guardian Advisory Commission (1973-75), Los Angeles City Board of Civil Service Commissioners (1973-77) and Los Angeles County Civil Service Commission (1979-84). He served a term as President of each of these latter two commissions.

Professor Bollens' courses in metropolitan and local government were popular with undergraduates. His long familiarity with these topics, his prodigious scholarship, his knowledge of personalities and interesting detail enabled him to bring these subjects to life for students. He invariably involved his students in some aspect of his research and gave them a sense of excitement and participation in a grand venture. He enjoyed working with students and was accessible to them. They crowded his office during hours and spilled out into the hall impeding traffic to the departmental offices. He authored or co-authored several popular text books. California Government and Politics is now in its seventh edition. Anxious to share his insights with students, he recently published a little guide for undergraduates entitled, How to be a Successful Student (1982).

He loved everything about research and writing. Many of the activities over which most academics agonize tediously, Jack found challenging and invigorating. He prided himself on his prose style and editing skills and chaffed at the often slow and sometimes flawed work of publishers. In the course of seeing over 100 books and articles into print, he learned all there is to know about the publishing business. In 1969, with his wife Virgine as business and production manager, he founded the Palisades Publishers and produced 27 books of which 25 are still in print. Identifying promising authors and assisting them into print provided him an outlet for his enormous energies. In his final years when he was plagued by poor health, some of his brightest and most energetic moments were spent editing a manuscript in time to meet a production schedule which would make the text available “before the Fall Term.”

Professor Bollens' professional life spanned a period during which the field of public administration underwent a profound transformation. Its role as primary training ground for public servants declined with the end of public sector growth in the 1970s as a result of keen competition from traditional and recently established academic disciplines. He cared about preparing and motivating young people to enter public, especially, local government service and about improving the capacity of the metropolis to play its central role in realizing the American dream for natives and newcomers alike. He quickly established himself as the spokesman for pre-service training at UCLA, directing the master of public administration program for eight years, founding and supervising the undergraduate “public service” major, and regularly serving as a member of the department's public administration field committee.


His interest in problems of the metropolitan community date back at least to his study of local governments in the San Francisco Bay region (1948) while he was a member of the research staff at the Bureau of Public Administration at UC Berkeley. He was one of those who first called the attention of social scientists to the existence of a “metropolitan government” problem and he never lost his zeal for casting the beacon of scholarly identification and classification on the layers of special districts, municipal corporations, state and federal administrative subdivisions, federally supported private corporations and councils of government which attempt to provide services to people living in neighborhoods. He assembled all the material on metropolitan government that he could get his hands on, digested it, published it, taught about it to graduates and undergraduates, used his knowledge to advise government agencies and citizens groups and to inform his actions as a city and county commissioner. He practiced what he preached to a congregation that now spans the continent.

Fads come and go in a discipline such as public administration, but Jack took his bearings from a more distant and stable beacon--his conviction that the great experiment in democracy will succeed or fail with the capacity of our urban institutions to provide basic public services to residents of our large cities. His scholarship, teaching, public service are unified by his commitment to improving the performance of local governments.

Those of us who had the privilege of working with him closely or having him as a mentor will remember him for all these reasons. But we will also remember the gentle, humorous, caring individual who took an interest in your personal life and was willing to make you a part of his. He could end no professional session or casual conversation without a personal touch. And that is what we will remember most.

Irving Bernstein Edmund Edelman Richard Sisson John Ries


Marianne Bonwit, German: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

Death has scattered the person we knew as Marianne into countless memories in our minds. We are still able to hear her voice. Her English was British and her German, simple and distinct, was the language of a cultivated European. She spoke deliberately and with the politeness of one who would rather listen than talk. Frequently there was a hint of amusement in her voice, as though she were guarding a secret or telling a story. We also remember moments when the twilight of beauty touched her.

In 1941 Marianne applied for a Teaching Assistantship at Berkeley, in French. We read in the clear handwriting of her biographical form that she was born in Duisburg-on-the-Rhine on October 29, 1913. She lists her citizenship as “stateless” and her father's occupation as “formerly lawyer.” She graduated with distinction from Realgymnasium Duisburg in 1932. The next entry under the heading “Education” places her at Burgess Hill School, England, 1933. The world-historical background of Marianne's education was Germany's plunge into barbarism. Yet the snapshot she attached to her application shows a young face dreaming into the past and the future with a warm, half-questioning smile. Her years in England had been happy and she enjoyed telling her friends about them. She had earned the Cambridge School Certificate at Burgess Hill School in 1933, and in 1935 she had received her teaching diploma with honors from Charlotta Mason College in Ambleside. She had been a foreign language teacher in Bristol and had traveled in Holland, Italy, and France before taking another teaching position at Dunnow Hall School, Lancashire.

In 1939 Marianne and her parents, Hugo and Anna, came to this country. Unmindful of World War II, the biographical form goes on without a break: University of California, 1939-41. Marianne's immediate future was as bright as her immediate past. She received the A.B. with highest honors, in French, in 1940 and the M.A. in 1941. In 1946 she was awarded the Ph.D. with a dissertation on the principle of impassibility in the works of Gustave Flaubert. Her revered teacher, Jacqueline de La Harpe, guided

her in this work. It is still regarded highly. When it was published as a book by the University of California Press in 1950 under the title Gustave Flaubert et le principe d'impassibilité, Marianne had already been taken over by the Department of German as one of its most promising young members (in 1946 under Chairman Edward V. Brewer). Her publications ranged over a wide area. “Babel in Modern Fiction” and “Flaubert auf Goethes Spuren,” for example, give an indication of the scope of her interests and the special attraction comparative themes held for her. Under the auspices of the committee on Comparative Literature, she prepared a course on “Romanticism in Western Europe” and gave it for the first time in 1952-53. Her name remains linked to the history of comparative studies at Berkeley. The realists of the nineteenth century were another group of writers that engaged her interest lastingly. Her graduate seminar on German Realism, first given in 1949, became a regular offering in the department. Also during those early years began her fascination with the literary motif of the Doppelgänger.

In the classroom she spoke about Goethe, Fontane, and the others she loved as though she knew them personally. Endless reading and an enduring love of literature gave her the right to do so. Ostentation, scholarly or ideological jargon were alien to her. She was a listener also as a teacher, and she had the great gift of presenting matters of fact with the light touch of a born storyteller.

During the years from her promotion to Associate Professor (1956) to her retirement, Marianne continued to read, teach, travel, and spend time with her friends. With an unerring sense for what is right, and with the precise economy of a scholar trained in the French tradition of explication de texte, she expertly supervised generations of doctoral students. She lives on in their memories as a generous, witty, and vastly erudite woman.

When she went into retirement in 1981, it seemed as if she were once again to have a future. She was looking forward with the eagerness of a young girl to committing to paper the stories of the Bonwit family as she so vividly remembered them. Death thwarted this hope. She died on June 30, 1982, in the cottage she had occupied on Scenic Avenue, Berkeley, for many years. Loving friends and her enlightened faith in a divine principle aided her during her final illness. In her will she bequeathed to the University funds for the establishment of a permanent lectureship in honor of her beloved father, Hugo Bonwit, and of the great German-Jewish poet, Heinrich Heine.

Andrew O. Jaszi Winfried Kudszus Blake Lee Spahr


James Lee Born: Berkeley

Director of Medical Operations, Donner Laboratory

Dr. James L. Born, who died of cancer on October 24, 1981, was an unusual and remarkable member of the University of California community. He was dedicated to the University, the Donner Laboratory, and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory where he worked as a medical researcher and served as Associate Director, and then Director, of Donner Laboratory. Dr. Born started out as a lawyer, graduating from the University of Wisconsin, where he became Assistant Attorney General. Then still a young man, he trained in medicine at the Ohio State University School of Medicine. He came to California in 1948 as a physician where his impressive qualities, including a great personality, came to the attention of Dr. William G. Donald, Director of the Cowell Memorial Hospital, who in turn called us about this outstanding young man. His qualities of leadership, his knowledge of medicine and his loyalty to the Laboratory and to the University led in 1970 to his elevation to the Director of the Donner Laboratory. He was a member of the Academic Senate, and was also an essential member of the team which pioneered research with isotopes and cyclotrons leading to new methods for the treatment of human diseases such as polycythemia vera, acromegaly, and Cushing's disease, and not only in the research program, but in patient care as well.

In 1946 Dr. Born married Dr. Jean Chapman. She was Physician-in-Chief at the Cowell Memorial Hospital. She and their two children--Deborah, on the staff of an art gallery in San Francisco, and Stephen, a fourth-year medical student--were a very close family.

Dr. Born was a kind, unselfish, and a most responsible member of the University community. His concern, counsel, and professional care of patients, associated with courageous investigative medicine programs and individuals of the faculty and University community are contributions

which will not be forgotten. The University owes him a great debt and needs more like him.

J. H. Lawrence T. F. Budinger J. I. Fabrikant


William S. Briscoe, Education: Los Angeles

Professor of Education, Emeritus

William S. Briscoe, Professor Emeritus, UCLA Graduate School of Education, died January 16, 1981.

After his retirement from UCLA in 1966, Dr. Briscoe acted as a consultant with city and county governments and school districts concerning building programs and population projections. Included among his clients were Orange County, Pasadena City College, and the Chaffey College District. In recent years he wrote several series of children's books keyed to remedial reading programs. These are being used throughout the U.S. and have been published in several foreign languages, including Malaysian. He made a serious study of oceanography which served as the basis for the Diver Dave series. The Wild Life series is being published for the Hong Kong market this year.

Before joining the faculty at UCLA, Dr. Briscoe was Superintendent of Schools in Santa Monica, California from 1948 through 1953 and Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Oakland from 1932 through 1948.

Dr. Briscoe served in the 2nd World War as a Lt. Colonel in the United States Army. He was Chief of Educational Reconditioning, Office of the Surgeon General. This was the program to rehabilitate returning soldiers who had suffered physical disabilities.

Dr. Briscoe was born in Idaho in 1900. A 1923 graduate of the University of Idaho, he earned his Master's Degree from Stanford in 1927 and his Doctorate from Stanford in 1950. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Kappa Psi and Phi Delta Kappa. Dr. Briscoe served on the Santa Monica City Planning Commission and in several other governmental and civic posts in Southern California.

He was a member of numerous organizations including the American Legion, Shriners, Rotary International, and the U.S. Forestry Association, to which he was elected as a result of his involvement in activities of the U.S. Forest Service.

Dr. Briscoe is survived by his wife Elizabeth S. Briscoe, and by his son

David, of Santa Monica, California, and daughter Florence of Newport Beach, California.

C. Wayne Gordon


Fawn McKay Brodie, History: Los Angeles

Professor Emerita

Fawn McKay Brodie was born in Ogden, Utah on September 15, 1915. Reared in the Mormon Church's first family, Fawn McKay directed her ingenious literary talents and remarkable research skills to creating the brilliant psycho-historical biography of Joseph Smith, published in 1945, entitled No Man Knows My History. That title was taken from a funeral sermon delivered by the founder of the Church of Latter-Day Saints in 1844, when he startled his listeners by declaring: “You don't know me; you never knew my heart. No man knows my history. I cannot tell it.” Wrote the 29-year old Fawn: “Since that moment of candor at least three-score writers have taken up the gauntlet. Many have abused him; some have deified him; a few have tried their hands at clinical diagnosis... it is not that documents are lacking; it is rather that they are fiercely contradictory.... The task of assembling these documents--of sifting first-hand account from third-hand plagiarism, of fitting Mormon and non-Mormon narratives into a mosaic that makes credible history.... is exciting and enlightening.” Such was the task to which Fawn Brodie committed herself professionally. The fruits of her research and writing immortalized her with world-wide fame: Thaddeus Stevens. Scourge of the South (1959); The Devil Drives. The Life of Sir Richard Burton (1967); Thomas Jefferson. An Intimate History (1974) and, posthumously, Richard Nixon.

Fawn married Professor Bernard Brodie in 1936, on the day she received her M.A. from the University of Chicago. They had three children: Richard, Bruce, and Pamela. Her first book, sub-titled The Life of Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet, was so uniquely honest and revealing a history of the founding father of her church that Fawn was excommunicated soon after its publication. Fawn rarely spoke of the traumas inflicted by that harsh punishment, but it may have helped her better to understand the psychic pain suffered by that heroic “minority of one,” the club-footed “Scourge” of the Reconstruction Era, Thaddeus Stevens, her next subject of biographical history. Each of Fawn's subjects was in some respects an

“outcaste,” or harbored deep in his psyche some painful “secret,” so awful, or profound, as to transform his very nature, driving him, unconsciously in turn to change the world--for better or worse. By probing dark depths of human character, unlocking hidden closets of the past in the lives of five men, as diverse as humans could possibly be, yet each of whom profoundly affected the climate of his age, Fawn Brodie set a high mark of literary and historic excellence rarely reached in this century.

In 1968, soon after her Life of Sir Richard Burton was adopted by the History Book Club, Fawn Brodie joined the History Department at UCLA as a Lecturer. Her courses in American History and Biography were an immediate success. Students found her lectures, seminars, and tutorial meetings as inspiring and illuminating as her writing. Fawn worked very hard at her teaching, devoting hours, days, to each preparation, giving so much of herself to each lecture that she would literally be drained of all energy in its immediate aftermath, and often seemed as nervous before going “on” as any great stage star. She was a magnificent teacher, enthusiastic, inspiring, sensitive, totally open to her students, thoroughly in command of her subject matter, always challenging, probing, questioning. She taught much the way she did her research, the scalpel of her mind cutting through every myth, sham, pretense, opening up fresh, exciting, wonderful ground for thought, offering creative insights as she spoke and thought, linking facts, perceiving inconsistencies, analyzing, digesting data, sorting things out, never content to follow any dogma, scholastic, political, or religious. She taught her students to think, and to create. She taught her colleagues and friends the same--even as she taught and will continue to teach the millions who read her great books.

In 1975, Fawn Brodie was named one of the Los Angeles Times' “Women of the Year.” It was a fitting tribute. That year she chaired a panel on “Life Styles of Intellectual Women in 19th Century America,” at the Organization of American Historians' annual meeting in Boston. Fawn was acutely conscious of her gender and its significance in her life, and though she never attempted a biography of a great woman, she did write the “Introduction” to Justin and Linda Turner's Mary Todd Lincoln. Her Life and Letters. She also co-authored a book on the history of warfare and weaponry with her scholar-husband Bernard Brodie, entitled From Crossbow to H-Bomb. She served on countless committees and panels, and delivered numerous important lectures. In 1977, Fawn Brodie retired early from her Professorship in History, to devote herself full time to the last major work of her career, a psycho-history of Richard Nixon. It was the hardest, most painful book she ever wrote, one that caused her constant anguish and remorse. Shortly before her final fatal illness, she realized that she would not be able to complete her exposure of the psychological peculiarities of her subject in a single volume.


Since 1967, when Fawn was named Fellow of the Year by the Utah Historical Society, the Mormon community has recognized her greatness. She is survived by her three children and devoted daughter-in-law, Janet Farrell, and two grandchildren, Jedediah and Nathaniel, who gave her much joy in her last years.

Thomas Hines Peter Loewenberg Stanley Wolpert


William Duane Brown, Food Science and Technology: Davis

Professor of Marine Food Science

Duane Brown died on May 6, 1983 after battling melanoma for several years. His courage, quiet dignity, and empathy for those around him during his struggle were inspirational.

Duane was born in Hamlin, Texas on December 8, 1929. He was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Brown. He developed rapidly both mentally and physically and graduated as class valedictorian of Hamlin High School at the age of 15. After two years at Hardin-Simmons University he obtained both his B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemistry from the University of Texas at Austin. Between 1951 and 1953 he served as a second lieutenant in the Medical Service Corps. He ran the clinical laboratory at Hamilton Air Force Base. In 1953 he returned to the University of Texas where he received his Ph.D. in chemistry (biochemistry) in 1955.

From 1955 to 1958 Duane was a chemist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and an Associate in the Food Technology Department at UCD. During this time he began his work on fish and fishery products. In 1959 he joined Dr. Harold S. Olcott in the Institute of Marine Resources at UC, Berkeley as an Assistant Research Marine Food Technologist. He was appointed Assistant Professor in 1963 and he advanced rapidly to the rank of Professor by 1968. In 1970 he and Dr. Olcott moved their program to the Davis campus.

Duane Brown made significant scientific contributions in a number of areas. He and his associates have published over 100 scientific papers in the fields of biochemistry, nutrition, and food science and technology. Early work with Professor Olcott included extensive systematic studies of various hemochrome pigments in fish. Duane was internationally recognized as a leader in the comparative biochemistry of the important muscle pigment myoglobin. Much of his work involved measurements of physical constants of myoglobins. In 1980 he published the amino acid sequence of myoglobin from yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). This sequence was the first reported for a teleost, and it differed greatly from those of mammalian

myoglobins. Recently Dr. Brown participated in a study using proton nuclear resonance spectroscopy in which the diffusion coefficient of myoglobin in muscle was measured. This was the first direct proof that myoglobin diffuses at a rate sufficient to allow the oxygenated form of myoglobin to contribute significantly to the overall diffusive flux of oxygen in respiring heart muscle.

Another important contribution was the development of the equipment and procedures which enabled Dr. Brown and his associates to establish the correct stoichiometry of the autooxidation reaction of myoglobin. These studies were the basis for future work on metmyoglobin reductases as this work demonstrated that many earlier measurements of metmyoglobin reductase activity were actually measurements of non-enzymatic reactions.

Dr. Brown's program was distinguished by also having a strong component of applied research. In collaboration with Japanese workers, Dr. Brown showed that the green pigment sometimes found in canned tuna was formed from trimethylamine, cysteine, and oxidized myoglobin. Dr. Brown had an important role in the re-introduction and development of modified atmospheres (atmospheres containing high levels of carbon dioxide) for the storage and transportation of seafoods. He also patented a nitrite substitute and studied histamine toxicity and the nutrition and feeding of lobsters.

Dr. Brown was heavily involved in the UC Sea Grant program. He served as subject area coordinator, and he participated in meetings of the Institute of Marine Resources executive subcommittee for Sea Grant on numerous occasions. His range of interests was reflected in the professional societies to which he belonged. He was a member of the Society of Biological Chemists, American Institute of Nutrition, American Society for the Advancement of Science, American Chemical Society, Institute of Food Technologists, World Mariculture Society and Pacific Fisheries Technologists.

Despite his numerous professional achievements, those who knew him personally will remember him most for the way he treated people. He had a genuine concern for the development of students and new faculty members. He was a private person, but easily approachable. He became unofficial advisor to many students who sought his encouragement and sound pragmatic advice. Dr. Brown treated students as mature adults and gave them freedom to make their own decisions. Many students flourished both scientifically and personally in this environment.

Dr. Brown's major interests were his work and his family, but he had several other skills and interests. He was an excellent cook and photographer. He loved sports, music, painting, sculpture, and the ocean. He and his family often vacationed at Bodega Bay. He enjoyed life and made life enjoyable for those around him.


Dr. Brown is survived by his wife Sue, children Dyland and Shannon, and his mother Leone of Hamlin, Texas.

David Ogrydziak George Briggs Bernard Schweigert Judith Stern


Jackson Visscher Burgess, English: Berkeley


On October 22 of 1981, at the age of 54, Jackson Burgess died at Oakland's Kaiser Hospital. He died peacefully in the presence of his beloved wife Elena after a difficult and gallant fight against cancer. The word “gallant” epitomizes Jackson Burgess in his facing of any difficulty, in his care for his students and colleagues, and in his care for life.

The Department of English at Berkeley was graced by his presence from 1958. He brought to colleagues and students great gifts, his wide experiences of life, his love for the humanities, and his technical skill as writer of fiction and expository prose. He understood literature with the special insights that involvement in the creative process makes possible, and he looked at the creative process with the widest and deepest knowledge of literature, history, and the arts.

He was admired and respected for his professional abilities, and students were especially grateful for his selflessness, his capacity for entertaining their points of view while, at the same time, maintaining the highest standards. His colleagues found his judgments sane and balanced and humane, and his conversation on literary matters always illuminating. There was a deep kindness in Jackson Burgess, and a warm and mischievous sense of humor. He loved the natural world and delighted in animals, birds in particular. He was a man of large appetites, enjoying good food and wine and bringing to any meal a festive spirit. He had an appetite for friendship that was equally grand, and his devotion to his family expressed his appetite for a rich circle of intimacy and love. He had grand and restless intellectual appetites, and he was, in the very finest sense of the term, a religious man, so that his appetites were gentle and reverent in their expressions and satisfactions.

The loss of Jackson Burgess was not merely a professional and personal loss. For his associates, it was a spiritual loss, for something fine and

generous and caring had gone from their presence. It seems impossible that his 24 years with the Department of English have come to an end, but it is also possible that his presence will not diminish in the hearts and minds of those who knew and loved him--and to know him was to love him.

He brought a great deal to us: his experience as a soldier in the late years of the Second World War in Italy, his childhood and youth in rural Georgia, his studies at the University of Chicago and the firm background in the humanities that its special sense of the liberal arts so heavily emphasized, his years as newspaper reporter and copy editor, his accomplishments in his two fine novels, Pillar of Cloud and The Atrocity, his numerous short stories and articles, his passion for the theatre that led him to write several plays that were produced in Berkeley.

Because of that experience and his concerns, he taught memorable courses in the writing of fiction and in the literary backgrounds of contemporary writing, and as his dramatic art extended and deepened, he became a remarkably successful teacher of Shakespeare, especially for those students who came to the English Department from other disciplines. Throughout the state and nation many of his former students remain devoted to him. When they revisited Berkeley, they came to his office first and received the generous greeting that they had received when students on the campus.

Beyond his work at the University, Jackson Burgess was a true citizen, of his neighborhood, his country, and the world. He served as a Fulbright Professor in South Africa and Italy, and for two years he was director of the University of California's Education Abroad program in Padua, Italy. He was a thoughtful observer of life in the world of Europe and Africa, always concerned and curious, always humanely aware of problems at all levels from the smallest to the largest units of social and political life. He explored all facets of life wherever he was--trout-fishing in Yugoslavia, the food and wine of Veneto, the political troubles of Italy, the interracial problems of South Africa. And his colleagues and students at the Berkeley campus had their lives enriched by the fullness and accuracy of his perceptions. He was, in the fullest sense, a citizen of the world.

There was such a range in his interests and activities that it is impossible to note them all--for instance, his love of music that became in his later years a major passion. But the main thing about him, what his friends will remember and use as a model, what his students and colleagues experienced without perhaps knowing exactly what they were being granted, was his gallantry, his courage and courtesy that never deserted him even during his last painful and difficult illness. His admired Aristotle would have seen him as a man with greatness of spirit, embodying the highest possibility

of human life: magnanimity. One thinks of a line from Shakespeare: “We shall not see his like again.”

T. F. Parkinson T. M. Bogard C. M. Muscatine N. J. Perella


Donald Ross Cameron, Genetics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Donald Cameron died on February 28, 1984, at 77 years of age, after a protracted and sometimes very painful illness. He is survived by his wife, M. Jean Cameron, whom he married in 1948. He was born on February 27, 1907 in Ontario, Canada, the son of Aldis Warren Cameron, a high school principal, and Mabel Christine Cameron. Donald attended the University of Saskatchewan and was granted the M.Sc. degree in 1928, based on research with wheat. He then moved to Berkeley to accept a position as Teaching Fellow in the Botany Department and to study for the Ph.D. degree. The following year he moved from the Botany Department to the Genetics Department as Research Assistant and then Research Associate, and was granted the doctoral degree in Genetics in 1932.

His thesis research, carried out under the supervision of the late Professor Ernest Babcock, was a study of species relationships in the genus Crepis, a group of plants with an extraordinary evolutionary history of extensive hybridization among ancestral species and perhaps unsurpassed examples of successive multiplication of the basic chromosome sets, leading to very high chromosome numbers. Although his subsequent research was chiefly with the genus Nicotiana, Donald never lost his love for studying the behavior and functions of plant chromosomes and his lifelong forte was chromosome manipulation.

After obtaining his degree, Donald was appointed Instructor in the Genetics Department, a position which, at that time, was the first stage of the academic ladder. Although he was eventually promoted to Lecturer and Geneticist in the Agricultural Experiment Station and then to the Professorship of Genetics (1959 and 1962), these well deserved recognitions of his research and teaching were delayed in part by a four-year assignment during the war years to a research position in the Medical Corps of the U.S. Army. He also took advantage of an offer to spend six months in Hawaii (in 1940) to carry out cytogenetic investigations with pineapples and some related species, but otherwise Berkeley was his lifetime scientific home.


As a graduate student, Donald taught laboratory sections in the Botany and Genetics Departments. He was retiring by nature, the opposite of flamboyant, and, while he carried out his duties with competence and thoroughness, his special talents as a teacher really emerged only when, in 1959 and later, he had the opportunity to develop his own lecture and laboratory courses in advanced cytogenetics. He was at his best with small to moderate-sized classes of advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Here his wide knowledge of the subject, his critical insight, and especially his ability to respond effectively to students' questions won him a loyal group of appreciative students. He was perhaps most effective in guiding the research of doctoral students, several of whom became prominent in their own careers after obtaining their degrees.

Donald's publications are not very numerous, but each one is characterized by ingenious and innovative techniques, careful design, and very careful execution. The important operations were all carried out by himself. Much of his research can be described as brilliant exploitation of the monosomic techniques developed originally by Professor Clausen, and by Clausen and Cameron jointly. In particular, he was able to transfer fragments of chromosomes from one species to another, and to study not only the behavior of the fragments but their genetic effects on the recipient plant as well. These effects cover a wide range, including induced sterility, tumor formation, disease resistance, and various morphological abnormalities. He was also able to study the effects of foreign cytoplasm in the normal genome. In his understanding of his area of investigation, his brilliance in experimental design and the thoroughness and care of his experimental work, he was among the topmost cytogeneticists of his period. During a good deal of his career, he suffered from illness, but this limited only the quantity of his research, not its quality. It is likely that many young present-day geneticists, if they should read his publications, would be much surprised at what it was possible to accomplish in the absence of the astonishing break-through techniques of the recent very few years.

Donald is remembered by associates and his ex-students as a warm and very dependable friend, with a remarkable knowledge and understanding that contrasted with his quiet self-effacing demeanor, with courage in sickness, and a delightful sense of humor.

Everett R. Dempster Abbe H. ar-Rushdi William J. Libby Patricia St. Lawrence


Frederick Hiltman Carpenter, Biochemistry: Berkeley


Frederick Hiltman Carpenter was born on June 8, 1918 in Cortez, Colorado, and his character reflected the ruggedness of his origins. His life also exhibited a sophistication of scholarship and life style that revealed his journeys. For his university studies in chemistry, Fred went to Stanford, where he earned A.B., A.M., and Ph.D. degrees. From 1944-1948, he did postdoctoral research at Cornell Medical College of New York, and then at the Nobel Medical Institute in Stockholm as a fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation. In 1949, Fred came to Berkeley to the new Department of Biochemistry being formed by Wendell Stanley. He rose through the faculty ranks to become professor in 1962, and Dean of Biological Sciences in the College of Letters and Science from 1972-1978. His sabbatical leaves were at the California Institute of Technology, the University of Paris (as a Guggenheim Fellow), the Wollforschungsinstitut in Aachen, and the University of London.

Although his doctoral work was on the structure of ribonucleic acid, Fred's postdoctoral experience with DuVigneaud converted him to the chemistry of peptides. Much of the work at Cornell was concerned with purification, modification, and synthesis of penicillins, with a goal of correlating molecular structure to biological activity. As Fred's interest expanded during the early part of his career in Berkeley he initiated research on the purification and structure of the hormone, corticotropin, and he began extensive work on peptide synthesis. Then, as later, his work frequently included innovative methods which had widespread impact. In about 1956, he began work on his major research theme, insulin. These studies centered on the semisynthesis of this protein hormone. Indeed, Carpenter was a pioneer in this type of work in which a portion of a natural protein is replaced by a synthetic analog. In the case of insulin this meant the removal from pork insulin of the small segment that differs between pigs and humans, in order to replace it with a synthetic piece that corresponds to the human insulin. Several steps for the dissection of the molecule, synthesis

of replacements, and reconstitution were worked out. These studies led to international recognition for this important, elegant, and ingenious work.

In addition to his success in the semisynthesis of insulin, Fred accumulated numerous fragments and derivatives of insulin that were useful in relating molecular structure to the mechanisms of hormone binding and action. The effectiveness of these fragments and derivatives was extended far beyond Berkeley as he generously donated samples for work in other laboratories. Because he refused coauthorship in the publication of these extended studies, he remained a silent partner in much of the research that led to our current knowledge of insulin receptors, particularly our recognition of their negative cooperativity.

In 1969, Carpenter initiated a major project on leucine aminopeptidase. Since this enzyme degrades denatured proteins especially quickly, its importance may be as a scavenger of damaged protein in eye lens, where it is abundant. The vigor and high quality of his work quickly established his leadership in this line of research. He and his colleagues determined the size and subunit structure of the enzyme, and elegant electron microscopy revealed the shape of the molecule. The large and perfect crystal forms of the enzyme produced in this work allowed x-ray crystallography to be done. Most importantly, metal-binding studies advanced the understanding of the mechanism of action of leucine aminopeptidase.

The distinction gained by Carpenter led to involvement with societies and governmental agencies. He served as consultant for the National Institutes of Health, and he was organizing host for conferences with scientists from China (1975) and Romania (1977). He was particularly devoted to the Pacific Slope Biochemical Conference, which he usually attended along with most of his research team; he served the Conference as Chairman in 1959. Clearly, he was highly regarded internationally, and made substantial contributions to the advancement of protein chemistry by his research and by numerous personal interactions.

Distinguished as was Carpenter's research and teaching, he did not stint on University service. In fact, except at the Big Game when his loyalty regressed to his alma mater, he was intensely concerned for all aspects of the welfare of the University, and he devoted his energies to it to an extraordinary measure. When he arrived at Berkeley, he was asked to design and teach singlehandedly, the year-long core course of the Department, to do the undergraduate advising, and to serve on two committees. For most of his 32 years on the faculty, he assumed a heavy load, averaging two and a half committee assignments per year, and frequently four or more at a time. This prodigious service was also conspicuous in quality. The committees ranged through athletics, television, and building, but perhaps the most prominent were the Academic Senate Committees on Courses and Educational Policy, on both of which he served as Chairman.

The thorough attention to detail that characterized his research was also seen in his committee work. His generosity also came into play. The chair who succeeded him on one of the committees wrote an unsolicited commendation to the Department, noting the substantial amount of time he spent regularly for the year after he left the committee, in order to ease the transition for the new chair. His appointment as the first Dean of Biological Sciences gave him an opportunity to set patterns for the organization and development of biology on which the campus is still building. In 1978 he initiated the campus inventory of biological scientists, arranged by research area, which was the first step in revitalizing biological sciences at Berkeley. He relished his role in this position and his influence will be long felt.

Like his research, Fred's teaching was thorough and comprehensive. It paid careful attention to detail without loss of balance. He set high standards of quality and a hard pace. His nicknames, “Fearsome Fred” and “The Bear” delighted him. Perhaps echoes of his origin in the Rockies caused him to project a gruff image, but it might have been a protection for his big heart and his spirit of generosity. Whatever else it was, he felt that challenge was a major factor in learning, and in all of living. This feeling was confirmed in the careers of students and colleagues, more than one of whom commented that he has been their most valuable teacher, even though they had not appreciated the fact until later in their careers. He supervised the research of twenty-one undergraduates, as well as thirty-eight graduate students and postdoctoral associates, and they quickly appreciated his intense concern for their success.

His colleagues on and off campus felt Fred's robust humor and enjoyment of life from such episodes as his informed critiques of wine on trips north of the Bay. His love of the out-of-doors led him with family and friends on many expeditions to the mountains, ski slopes, and fishing streams. He supervised on such happy occasions as honorary “Camp Director,” setting the same high standards that he expected in his academic world. His cabin in the wilderness of northern California provided many welcome challenges, which he met with skill as engineer and carpenter. With all these personal memories sweeping into focus, it is well to summarize the major qualities so apparent to his friends and family: loving, considerate, outspoken, dedicated, honest, and loyal.

In his last few years, Fred met ill health and regarded it as an intellectual challenge along with the obvious physical struggle. He monitored, studied, and analyzed laboratory reports to gain some understanding of the rather mysterious ailments that gradually overtook him. With fellow scientists and physicians, he discussed his case with a scholar's interest. With characteristic stubbornness, Fred fought, but on December 5, 1982, he was overwhelmed. Many things had come together in him--the Rockies and

Paris, stern discipline and good humor, scholarship and administration, stubbornness and generosity. The mixture had both substance and spice, so as to teach us and amuse us. It was a unique mixture that will not be replaced in the lives of his friends and family.

He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth, and their daughters, Sarah and Carol, sons, Arthur and Nathaniel, and one grandchild.

R. D. Cole H. B. Bruyn C. A. Dekker R. B. Park H. K. Schachman


Denzel Carr, Oriental Languages: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Denzel Carr's long, rich, and innovative life began in West Liberty, Kentucky, on December 26, 1900 and ended after a brief illness at his home in El Cerrito, California on October 4, 1983. He was a linguist in both the professional and the popular senses of the term. He completed his academic training with a Ph.D. in Linguistics from Yale in 1937, and kept always in close touch with new developments in the theory and methodology of linguistics as a discipline. But he was also an indefatigable collector of languages, beginning with the more accessible European ones during his undergraduate studies in the University of Oklahoma. He took classes in Chinese and Japanese at Berkeley in the early twenties, and studied and taught a variety of languages during subsequent years of residence in Japan, Holland, and Hawaii. He especially treasured the memory of three years of study in Poland, 1929-32, as the holder of a Kosciuszko Foundation Scholarship at the University of Cracow. When the time came for him to prepare a reference grammar of Indonesian, he was able to draw on scholarly materials from sources in Malay, Dutch, Japanese, French, German, Russian, and Czech. He had more than a smattering of a number of Polynesian, American Indian, and other languages. Given a choice of light reading to curl up with after a tiring day, Denzel Carr would certainly have rejected the most seductive magazine in favor of a Finnish grammar or a Tamil dictionary.

Carr had a particular passion for the science of orthography, and like Bernard Shaw cherished the “impossible dream” that English spelling could someday be made more rational. He recognized the twentieth century as a very special era in terms of linguistic change, and was a fascinated observer of the process he described as “the revolutionary and accelerated evolutionary adaptations of script to a great variety of languages.” From the Arab world to Japan and the Pacific islands at the other end of Asia, he noted that script reforms often reflected emergent nationalism and the exigencies of international politics. This phenomenon he referred to as

linguistic eleutheromania. He followed the progress of such changes, analyzed, commented, and advised, and much of his scholarly writing was focused on this aspect of linguistic study. One of his early articles, the “Characterization of the Chinese National Language,” completed in 1931, was a pioneer work which was translated into Japanese and used as a textbook in Japan. His doctoral dissertation at Yale was on verb forms in modern Japanese. He was an assiduous reviewer of potential study aids, from dictionaries of Japanese, Indonesian, and Hawaiian, to a grammar of Fijian or an anthology of Chinese literature in Polish translation.

In working toward his own scientific description of the official language of Indonesia, Denzel Carr tried to steer the middle course between methodological extremes which he mistrusted. On the one hand was the normative, prescriptive grammar which sought to impose a specious “correctness” at the risk of ending up with an artificial construct, a language which existed only in textbooks and which no one actually spoke. He saw this approach as old-fashioned and at odds with his Yale training in linguistics and with his native common sense. On the other hand was the purely descriptive statement which would perhaps give undue weight to the speech idiosyncrasies of one or two individuals. In Carr's view such work showed too cavalier a disregard for those standards without which a language could not exist.

Wit accompanied by pungent traces of the classical languages in common use at the universities of Cracow and Leyden where he had studied were characteristic of Carr's writing. In a letter once he deplored the paucity of ceremonials to mark the stages of the American scholarly career. The graduate student, he lamented, slips casually into his professional labors by undertaking “some R.A. or T.A. duty for bread and butter and a few drops of unction from the academic alipterion.” At another time he recalled the comment of a European professorial colleague after a candidate in his orals “had been speaking when he ought to have been listening:” “Si tacuisset!”--“If he had only remained silent!”

Like Kipling's elephant child, Denzel Carr had an “insatiable curiosity.” This trait, along with his open-minded acceptance of the most diverse human types on the basis of individual merit, qualified him to live anywhere on earth, and in fact he did spend some 12 years of his life abroad. But he never forgot that he was an American, and for the last 43 years of his life he was simultaneously a scholar and an officer in the U.S. Navy. From 1940 to 1948, he served the Navy in various staff capacities, usually involving foreign languages or intelligence, in Honolulu, elsewhere in the Pacific, and in Japan.

In Honolulu as a respected adviser to the District Intelligence Officer for the Fourteenth Naval District, he provided an answer to one of the most perplexing problems faced by the armed services in Hawaii during the early months following the Pearl Harbor attack: how to deal with young

nisei, American citizens of Japanese ancestry who were of military age. Drawing on his knowledge that the rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire had faced and solved a similar problem by seeing to it that subjects of one racial, cultural, or linguistic stock were never put in the position of having to fight people of their own kind who happened to live on the other side of a political border, he recommended in a carefully drawn memorandum that the loyal nisei troops in Hawaii should be sent not into the Pacific Theatre, but to Europe. The memorandum was forwarded to Washington, was seen by Franklin Roosevelt, and was almost certainly the proximate cause of the decision which sent the famous 442nd Infantry Battalion of Hawaii nisei troops to Italy, where they distinguished themselves by their courage and sacrifice.

Duties as a censor often allowed Carr to exercise his talents as a linguistic detective, spotting both rare languages and pseudo-languages (such as English written in Hebrew script). From late 1945 until 1948, Dr. Carr made a major contribution to the work of the Tokyo War Crimes Trials as Chief of the Language Division of the International Prosecution Section of General MacArthur's Occupation Headquarters. In 1950-52 he was recalled to active duty as Officer-in-Charge of the Language Division of the U.S. Naval School (Naval Intelligence) in Washington. In subsequent years he continued to work with deep commitment in the Naval Reserve, in which he held the rank of Captain. In this connection his contribution as advisor to the Defense Language Institute at Monterey was uniquely valuable and occupied his summers for a number of years.

Carr began teaching in the Department of Oriental Languages at Berkeley in 1948. Japanese was his principal subject, but in later years he specialized in the teaching of Malay-Indonesian. The breadth of his capabilities indeed made him a natural choice for service in many areas. It was due in no small part to his efforts that the teaching of Dutch attained a prominent place in the offerings of the German Department. He chaired the Department of Oriental Languages for five years in the nineteen-fifties, and at another time was asked to serve for a year as Acting Chairman of the Department of Near Eastern Languages, since he was interested in and familiar with most of the languages taught there. He chaired the committee which established the doctoral program in Scandinavian languages and exerted considerable influence toward the establishment of the new Department of South and Southeast Asian Languages in the late sixties.

Denzel Carr corresponded with linguists and lexicographers around the world. He was a corresponding member of several European learned societies and an honorary member of the Oriental Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship in 1955 for study in Indonesia.

Denzel Carr is survived by his wife, Elizabeth McKinnon Carr of El Cerrito,

and two daughters, Helen Sorayya Carr of El Cerrito and Claudia Carr Barbarino of Millbrae.

Denzel Carr will long be remembered for his scholarly curiosity about words and for his unfailing courtesy and concern for other people. He was quick to inform himself and to stay informed on the political affairs of the campus, the nation, and the world. An extraordinary energy supported his lifelong service. His humility and depth of religious insight regarding the wonder and ultimate mystery of life are revealed in the following epitaph which he composed some two decades before his death:

Muted Praise

O Lord
I have seen Thy handiwork: the intricacy and
complexity of Thy simplest living creature and
the orderliness and simplicity of Thy complex,
whirling creation. My eyes are sealed.

I have felt the heart throb of a newborn babe
as a miniature cosmic pulse. My hand is limp.

I have tasted the milk and honey of Thy bounty
and have drunk the dregs of Thy despair. My
tongue is dry.
I have smelt the frankincense of pantheonic
altars and lifted my laden nostrils for the
limpid air after rain. My nose is numb.

I have heard Thy praise in a myriad tongues
and caught the complaints of Thy creatures
unborn, in cupped ears. Now uncupped.

I have lived. I am dead.
My tongue is mute.
I am in awe.

Cyril Birch William M. Brinner Yale Maxon Michael C. Rogers


Richard Truman Centers, Psychology: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Richard Truman Centers died September 9, 1981 after a long struggle with lung cancer. It was the last of many battles Dick fought in which he knew the odds were against him. Barely 5' 4” in height, he learned early in life that he was a convenient target for bullies but he never dodged a fight. He was fond of saying, “I know I'm going to lose but I'll stand up and take my licking.” He was born in Paducah, Kentucky on October 16, 1912 and was graduated from high school there in 1931 at the depths of the Great Depression. Those were hard times and Dick's parents were poor. During high school he delivered papers, pumped gas, and worked as a car hop to help out with the family finances. Following high school graduation, he wandered about the country living from hand to mouth and working as a migrant laborer, waiter, bartender, and stock clerk. After a period of unemployment he joined the Merchant Marine in 1937. He traveled all over the world as a merchant seaman, surviving the sinking of one vessel by a German submarine and experiencing other close calls. He received a citation for outstanding performance of duty during one of these crises.

During his Merchant Marine service, Centers saved enough money to begin a college education and enrolled at the University of Kentucky in September, 1940. He was called to serve in the army for sixteen months and then returned to complete his B.A. degree in February, 1944. That fall, he entered the graduate program in social psychology at Princeton University.

Dick's background was obviously very different from that of the typical Ph.D. candidate at Princeton in that he came from a poor family in western Kentucky, had been thrown on his own to survive at the depths of the depression, and had spent a decade struggling as a member of the working class. These experiences were to have a profound effect on his later professional and personal life. If it were not for his extraordinary intelligence and determination, he would never have completed college, much less a Ph.D. degree. When he was offered a generous fellowship to attend Princeton

University, he was able to enjoy a standard of living which he had not known in the past. All he had to do was go to school which he loved doing.

Working under the direction of Hadley Cantril, Dick learned scientific methodology and the techniques of survey research. He brought with him a vast reservoir of knowledge and direct personal experience with working class life, attitudes, and aspirations. He combined these resources in producing a brilliantly original Ph.D. thesis. The economic crises of the Great Depression had led to an interest in social classes. Sociologists and economists, using primarily objective criteria such as occupational and income status, reported that Americans could be categorized as upper, middle, or lower class, with the large majority in the middle category. These reports, in turn, led to further discussion of our “middle class society,” and parallel effects on marketing, advertising, and political appeals. Richard Centers, as a psychologist, felt that subjective class identification should be more important than the objective classification, stating that, “The status and role of the individual in relation to the means of production and exchange of goods and services give rise in him to a consciousness of membership in some social class which shares these attitudes, values, and interests.” When he allowed his respondents to choose their identification among upper, middle, lower, and working class, Centers found that most identified with the working class, the others mainly with the middle class, and few with either the upper or lower class. Furthermore, the subjective middle versus working class differentiation was more predictive of political behaviors and attitudes than was the upper-middle-lower trichotomy or the objective classification.

Perhaps it was some sympathy with this analysis of “psychological relativity” which led Albert Einstein, then a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, to attend Centers' defense of his thesis. In any event, Centers' research in this area has had a tremendous effect on social class theory and research. The thesis, The Psychology of Social Class, published in book form in 1949 and reprinted in several languages over the past thirty years, earned Centers a world-wide reputation. His academic career began with a two-year appointment at Rutgers, after which he joined the faculty at UCLA until his retirement in 1980.

Following this brilliant beginning of his professional career, Dick continued with a steady outpouring of scientific articles covering a wide variety of topics relating to social and occupational stratification and mobility, class consciousness and identification, job satisfaction, and public opinion. In later years, he began to emphasize personality characteristics in relation to class phenomena and finally began to explore the factors involved in interpersonal attraction. This line of inquiry resulted in his last book, entitled Sexual Attraction and Love: An Instrumental Theory, published in 1975. The approximately 80 articles, monographs, and books that Dick

published during his life have had a marked impact on his field. His original and creative contributions have earned for him a place of honor in social psychology.

There is more to a man than his biographic chronology and professional credits. This is especially true in the case of Dick Centers, a proud and sensitive man of great complexity. One of his most impressive features was his vast store of knowledge covering a wide range of topics. He was a voracious reader with an outstanding memory who could produce relevant facts and information in great detail in discussions ranging over geography, politics, history, current events, medicine, and many other fields. Even after traveling all over the world in the Merchant Marine, Dick continued to maintain an active interest in exploring other cultures in faraway places, traveling extensively in remote regions of South America, Africa, and Asia. He once tried to take his car all the way from Los Angeles to the tip of South America, getting as far as the Argentine border before being turned back by car import red tape. On another occasion, he wandered for weeks alone in central Africa, taking native transport from place to place, eating and sleeping wherever he could. He crossed Asia on the trans-Siberian railway and visited the capitol of every republic in the USSR. His knowledge of the places he visited and the history and customs of the people was truly astounding.

In addition to being a true scholar, Dick was a man who could work with his hands in an artistic way. He once built a beautiful stone retaining wall behind his home and on another occasion constructed the French-Provincial hand-carved doors for a home he planned to built. He was a creative interior decorator and dressed in a very stylish fashion himself.

Despite his immense talents and great accomplishments, personal happiness largely eluded Dick. Although many women found him attractive, he could not live with them. He was childless and his three marriages ended in divorce. Although he had many friends, his abrasive manner repelled some people. As the years went by, he tended more and more to withdraw into himself, making less and less of an effort to reach out to others. Those who took the trouble to get beyond the gruff façade found a wonderfully interesting man and a good friend. He faced his last fight with cancer courageously and with dignity. For those who knew him well, his passing means that part of us is gone, too. He is survived by two older sisters and a younger brother.

Harold H. Kelley Bertram H. Raven Andrew L. Comrey


Yuen Ren Chao, Oriental Languages and Literatures: Berkeley

Agassiz Professor Emeritus
Since, when two eggs collide, only one of them will break, it will be necessary to use a seventh egg with which to break the sixth. If, as it may very well happen, the seventh egg breaks first instead of the sixth, an expedient will be simply to use the seventh one and put away the sixth. An alternate procedure is to delay your numbering system and define that egg as the sixth egg which breaks after the fifth egg.

The man who produced that Carrollian paragraph as a footnote to a recipe in his wife's cookbook was also a distinguished linguist, as well as a mathematician, physicist, poet, and musical composer--as early as 1910 he was composing songs emphasizing the harmony between the lexical tones of Chinese lyrics and the musical contours of the scores. For 70 years, marvelous ideas kept flowing from his prolific pen: linguistic studies, phonetic experiments and dialect reports, alphabets and grammars--enough intellectual bounty to distinguish a dozen lesser men.

Yuen Ren Chao was born in the China of the Manchu dynasty, endowed with an active, curious mind and a pair of exceptionally sharp ears. At the age of 18 he was one of the first young Chinese scholars to come to the West for study, and so help to realize China's hope for modernization that the twentieth century promised. After studying physics and mathematics at Cornell, he earned his doctorate in philosophy at Harvard, and began teaching mathematics at Cornell. In 1920 he returned to China to teach mathematics. An engagement to serve as interpreter to Bertrand Russell during his lecture tour in China rekindled an old interest in Chinese dialects. After his marriage to the physician Bu-wei Yang in 1921, the young couple set up a schedule of speaking a different dialect every day. About this time he made the critical decision to devote himself to the study of Chinese linguistics. For the next five years he studied linguistics in America and Europe, returning to China in 1925 to teach Chinese phonology at Tsinghua

University. In 1939 he began teaching Chinese language and linguistics at various American Universities, including Hawaii, Yale, and Harvard. He joined the Berkeley faculty in 1947 and was made Agassiz Professor of Oriental Languages and Literature in 1952, the post he held until his retirement from teaching in 1961.

For his students, colleagues, and friends, it was impossible to separate the scholar from the man. Yuen Ren Chao was always warm and cheerful, private in personal matters, looking at others attentively in conversation from behind his metal-rimmed glasses. The innocently mischievous smile revealed the whimsicality that would fit him to become the translator of Alice in Wonderland into modern, spoken Chinese, but it was his serious scholarship that made the work a great contribution to the literary revolution that took place in China during the early decades of the century. More than anyone else, Yuen Ren Chao laid the foundation for studying Chinese from the international perspective of modern linguistics. He was the first to investigate the relationship between tone and intonation, to describe the lexicography of plant words, kinship terms, and place names, and to record the first stages of a child's acquisition of Chinese. To language teachers throughout the world, he was known as the author of the Mandarin Primer, which set the standard for Chinese teaching almost forty years ago. Until his Grammar of Spoken Chinese appeared in 1968, the Primer provided the best sketch of Chinese grammar both for the language student and for the linguistic researcher. At the same time, he was also a contributor to the general theory of human language. His paper on theoretical phonology, “The non-uniqueness of phonemic solutions of phonetic systems” (1934) and his book Language and Symbolic Systems (1968) are widely acclaimed as classics of structural linguistics.

His delight in the world around him infected his scholarship and gave life to his writings. Keenly observant of the inadvertent errors in people's speech, he earnestly took notes that appeared later in his linguistic discussions and the Green Letters he sent to his friends from time to time. He found great pleasure in playing with sounds, words, and ideas, even tape-recording his own singing of the alphabet song backwards--a recording that when played in reverse produced a close approximation of the original version!

But there was a serious side to his involvement in the world around him. He helped establish the Science Society of China in 1915 and the Academia Sinica in 1929. At the Sorbonne in 1946, he was a lecturer at the opening session of UNESCO. He served as president of the Linguistic Society of America in 1945 and of the American Oriental Society in 1950. In 1959 he was a Fulbright Research Scholar at Kyoto University and held the China Foundation Chair in Linguistics at the National Taiwan University. He was Chairman of the Board on Humanities of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and was made Honorary Professor of Peking

University in 1981. On his home campus, he was appointed Faculty Research Lecturer, the highest accolade his colleagues could bestow. Honors came to him from all over the world as his fame and influence extended far beyond the academy.

The man of public honors was also a man of private pleasures. His house, which he often playfully referred to as the House of Chaos, was the scene of parties and feasts for friends and students. He lived a regular life, almost by the clock. Punctually at five every afternoon, he appeared in his living room, in a dark suit with matching tie, to prepare and enjoy a Martini, by himself, with his wife, or in lively company. Occasionally, however, the routine would be broken by a sudden passionate urge to take a midnight ride over the Bay Bridge for a Chinese snack, or to remove the kitchen lampshade while doing dishes to use it as the source of a musical scale created by hitting the rims of bowls of different sizes. His love of precision even led him on occasion to jump out of his car and measure the parking distance between wheels and curb with a 3-by-5 index card.

In all his active life his wife was his constant companion. After her death in 1981, he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he spent his last months in company with his children and grandchildren. He was putting his diaries (which he had been keeping since 1906) into order and was about to resume work on his memoirs when he suffered a heart attack. Yuen Ren Chao died on February 24, 1982. In accordance with his wishes, he was cremated and his ashes, together with those of his wife, were scattered in the Pacific Ocean.

In his long, accomplished life Yuen Ren Chao did many things that most people only dream of doing when younger or regret not doing when old. He was a doer and a thinker, a performer as well as a contemplator. We will remember him as a scholar of diversity and depth and a man of love and sensitivity.

E. H. Schafer D. Carr H. S. Cheung C.-M. Li W. S.-Y. Wang


Gene A. Chesley, Dramatic Art: Davis


Gene Chesley, on the faculty of the Davis Campus for 17 years, died in Los Angeles on March 29, 1981. He was a designer, a theatre historian, and a born teacher. Whether in class or out, he taught with every breath he took, with every look he gave. “If ever a death was untimely, it's Gene's,” a former colleague wrote; “he's going to be missed by a lot of people whose lives he enriched with his talent, his humor, and his just being there.”

The preoccupation of a theatre designer is always with spaces that envelop people. It was therefore a natural progression for Chesley to add to his designing and teaching of scene design a devotion to theatre buildings. With his fascination with the shapes and images of the past and present, his interest in theatre architecture grew into one of the significant accomplishments of his life. Beginning with a tentative National List of Historic Theatres in 1970, Chesley became (through nine editions) the foremost expert on surviving American theatres built between 1800 and 1914--some abandoned, others converted, yet others restored. His enthusiasm and diligence in focusing on the hidden potential of these theatres brought into existence the National League of Historic Theatres, a thriving organization with equal stakes in the past and in the future, an organization which he was serving as President at the time of his death.

Chesley's work in the area of collaborative productions of music-drama was of special timeliness on the Davis campus. He cared deeply about good music; his enthusiasm made him the link between the dramatic and musical aspects of several significant productions: The Triumph of Peace, a reconstruction of a Stuart masque (1974); the medieval Play of Daniel, which toured campuses of the University (1976) as well as Great Britain (1979); Bernstein's Candide (1980); and Weber's Der Freischütz (1981), his last project. The program listed him as designer of these productions, but in fact he assumed a much larger role. Above all, he was sympathetic to the needs of musicians and to their special problems, and they in turn respected him enormously.


His work as a teacher was inseparable from that of the theatre artist, inseparable from his stature as a human being: a wholeness, a steady evolution of perception and action and discrimination, packaged with charm--these were the characteristics of Chesley as teacher. he was stimulating without being intimidating, accessible without hovering. He moved with evenness and gentle humor from office to studio, from classroom to shop and stage.

Chesley was interested in “good theatre,” he once wrote, “the best that the producing group can manage.” He wanted the Dramatic Art Department to “function with all the enthusiasm of a freshman rally and at the same time display the discipline which marks the professional.”

His polished wit, his urbanity, and the elegance of his manner were infectious. The dancing eyes and the grin charmed his co-workers. He was a person of good friendship and good will. The University should have enjoyed the fruits of his labors for another two decades, and it is particularly tragic that he will miss the opening of the completed Woodland Opera House State Historical Park and the construction of the proposed Cultural Center on the Davis campus, both projects which occupied him greatly in his last months. His colleagues in theatre and his friends in music and art will have a difficult time without him; it would be more difficult still had they not enjoyed his presence and profited from his special wisdom in the short time they had together.

R. A. Fahrner D. K. Holoman R. K. Sarlos


Arthur Child, Philosophy: Davis

Professor Emeritus

With the death of Arthur Child, May 17, 1982, the University of California lost a scholar of vast erudition in the humanities. Arthur Child was born on May 21, 1913 in Deming, New Mexico. His educational and professional life centered largely about the University of California. He received the A.B. at the Los Angeles campus in 1934, and the M.A. and Ph.D. at the Berkeley campus in 1935 and 1939 respectively. His dissertation was entitled The Problems of the Sociology of Knowledge: A Critical and Philosophical Study. Unable to obtain a teaching position during the depression years, he nevertheless continued his scholarly activities while working for Southern California Edison. During this period he brought out several important papers on the sociology of knowledge. In 1946 he was appointed Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Chicago. He remained at Chicago until 1952 when he returned to California as Associate Professor of Philosophy and chair of the Department of Philosophy and Fine Arts in the fledgling College of Letters and Science at Davis. He continued as chair of the Department of Philosophy through 1963.

Throughout his career Arthur Child exhibited an extremely broad range of interests which included the history of philosophy (particularly classical philosophy), aesthetics, ethics, social philosophy and the philosophy of history, metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of religion. His early work in the sociology of knowledge gained him international recognition. Several of these papers have been translated into Italian and Spanish and reprinted in anthologies in the United States, Argentina, Italy, and, most recently (1982), Mexico. His work in the sociology of knowledge was also recognized in Germany by his inclusion in the Soziologenlexikon, which describes him as “one of the few American scholars who has sought to formulate and resolve the philosophical problems contained in German sociology of knowledge.”

Arthur Child was a man who believed that repetition is unnecessary if one has been clear in the first place. Once having written on a subject to

his satisfaction, he left it and went on to other things. At Chicago he began to develop his interest in the philosophy of history. He published a number of papers in that area as well as a monograph entitled Making and Knowing in Hobbes, Vico and Dewey. His appointment at Davis allowed him to give fuller attention to his longstanding interest in aesthetics and the arts. He also developed courses in ethics and the philosophy of religion. The culmination and synthesis of his many inquiries was his monograph on hermeneutics, Interpretation: A General Theory. This work examines four general theories of interpretation, imitation, communication, appropriation and instrumentation, and concludes with a defense of the imitation theory. It ties together topics not previously thought of as related, and exhibits a broad familiarity with philosophical traditions. In his later years Arthur became increasingly interested in the philosophical import of death and in the philosophies of Kierkegaard and Heidegger, whom he studied carefully with his wife Mary. His facility in reading foreign languages served him well. He made his own translation of Vico and Heidegger and learned Danish to read Kierkegaard in the original.

Despite his position as senior professor, Arthur Child enjoyed teaching at all levels of instruction. As a teacher he was firmly committed to the Socratic method, emphasizing discussion and dialogue with his students in preference to large lecture classes. His students repeatedly praised his willingness to meet with them outside the classroom as well as his breadth and depth of learning, not only in philosophy but in most of the arts and letters. In conjunction with his comprehensive knowledge and his concern for impeccable scholarship, his competence in so many European languages was of invaluable assistance to the student who is usually forced to work with translations.

One of Arthur Child's chief concerns when he came to Davis was the library, particularly its holdings in the humanities. He worked tirelessly for over twenty years to build the collections in philosophy and related fields. For many years he kept a running file of important books not yet included in the collection. He was also the department's library representative and established the department's own collection. His influence in this area will continue. The departmental library will be dedicated to Arthur Child and a substantial portion of his books on philosophy will eventually be housed on its shelves.

In his life, as in his work, Arthur Child's varied interests in the arts made themselves felt. The Childs lived in a Japanese inspired home surrounded by Japanese prints of unusually high quality. They enjoyed reading together selections from the literatures of several cultures. Music was also an important part of their lives. They played duets on the recorder and, at the age of 60, when many of us are content to sift through our experience, assessing our losses and gains, Arthur Child enhanced his study of early music by purchasing a clavichord which he taught himself to play.


Arthur Child's great diversity of interests and the spirit of his patient, persistent and profound inquiry into each of them will be missed by all of us who knew him well.

W. H. Bossart J. F. Malcolm S. K. Stein


Louise Staples Cobb, Physical Education: Berkeley

Supervisor Emerita

Louise S. Cobb was born in Nashua, New Hampshire, on June 3, 1897. She was educated at Wellesley College and received the Ph.D. degree from Columbia University. For 32 years, Louise Cobb was a Supervisor of Physical Education at the University of California at Berkeley. Her interest in higher education was obvious with the completion of her dissertation entitled “A Study of the Functions of Physical Education in Higher Education.” This was subsequently published in the Columbia University Teachers College series. Several of her writings were included in the Research Quarterly, published under the auspices of the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, The Journal of Health and Physical Education, and the Journal of Higher Education.

Louise Cobb was an excellent teacher who gave a great deal to her students. In turn, she expected excellence from them. Many considered her to be unforgettable. The scope of her teaching included such theoretical courses for physical education majors as the biomechanics of exercise and gymnastic activities. She also taught sport-skills classes for physical education majors and general students. Particularly noteworthy were her classes for women in golf, gymnastics and apparatus. Especially interested in history, she taught the undergraduate history of physical education course for many years. Her program of travel for professional study and growth was related to this course and brought her into contact with many foreign scholars and students. Several students and professionals came to Berkeley as visitors or scholars as a result of their contacts with Louise Cobb. During her career she was very active in projects which benefitted foreign students.

Louise Cobb was a vigorous participant and leader in professional organizations. She was active in local, state, district and national committees of the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (A.A.H.P.E.R.). She served as president of the California Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation and as President of the Southwest District of A.A.H.P.E.R. In 1952, she was elected a Fellow of the American

Academy of Physical Education, one of the profession's most prestigious organizations. She retired from the Department of Physical Education and University of California in 1957. Following her retirement, she continued to travel and to entertain young foreign students. Louise Cobb, a perceptive person of great vitality, was always deeply religious. This became increasingly apparent in her later years as a member of All Saints Parish. Her ministry, particularly to those who were ill, brought her many friends. She was well loved and is fondly remembered by colleagues in the academic community. She is survived by her sister, Mrs. Bancroft Beateley, who lives in Massachusetts.

Roberta J. Park Marian C. Diamond Doris L. White


Peter Colaclides, Classics: Irvine


Quite suddenly, quite unexpectedly, Peter Colaclides passed away at home in the early hours of Sunday, May 9, 1985. He had come to UCI in 1968 as Professor of Classics, and he left behind a large and affectionate circle of friends.

Peter's parents were part of the Greek colony in the Odessa of Imperial Russia, his father being an executive of Crédit Lyonnais. During the Revolution the family transferred to Constantinople, where Peter was born in 1920. As a result of later conflict, the family moved to Athens in 1927, and there Peter was educated in the Greek gymnasium and Institut Français.

During the war years he studied at Athens University, earning honors in Latin. At this time he developed his love of poetry, publishing a translation from the Russian writer Aleksander Blok. Right after the war he wrote the words to a patriotic anthem, Greece Never Dies, which was sung by army units and won him a medal from the government.

Soon after he left for France on a research fellowship, studying Latin at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes under Jules Marouzeau and--later--Emile Benveniste. Gradually he moved to a middle ground between classical philology and classical linguistics, with a focus on poetry and poetics. On his return to Greece in 1952, he presented his dissertation, gained appointment to the University of Athens as a teacher of Latin, and pursued his interests in poetics. This led to study of the works of Roman Jakobson, then to collaboration and friendship with him. It was Jakobson who in 1964 helped bring Peter to the U.S. as a visiting professor at M.I.T. Later he taught at Brandeis, Ottawa, and C.U.N.Y., and then came to UCI.

Here Peter had a fruitful and satisfying career. He guided three graduates to doctorates in Classics, and participated in the training of others in Linguistics and Comparative Culture, and he also had ties with French and Russian. He was an engaging and popular teacher on the undergraduate level as well, and received the first Distinguished Teaching Award in 1971 for his teaching. In the last years of his life he returned to Greek poetry,

delivering two papers to congresses in Greece which won wide acclaim, and in his last weeks was working hard on a third. He was also planning an international colloquium on Greek semantics, in connection with research plans for Thesaurus Linguae Graecae.

Peter's academic interests were complex. His earliest work (on Terence, Tacitus, and Ennius) showed a strong interest in cultural history, especially the transmission of words and ideas from Greek into Roman culture. As his career developed, linguistics led him into the related fields of stylistics, semantics, and literary theory. He also had a special interest in comparative literature--he commanded five modern languages and literatures as well as classical Greek and Latin. More and more, language in all its aspects became the focus of his intellectual life; his heroes were Benveniste and Jakobson. As his career moved on, he turned increasingly to a subject long dear to him, his own country's modern literature. He gave special attention to the poet Cavafy, and in 1983 gave a lecture at a conference on Cavafy's poetry which won wide acclaim, and which he himself considered his finest contribution to scholarship. At the very end he was teaching a seminar at UCLA on the development of the Greek language from antiquity to the present day. Faculty and students from UCI as well as UCLA took part in it, with a degree of pleasure and profit rarely found. He had given himself totally to that seminar, making it a high point in his academic life. It was in mid-flight that he died.

The bulk of Peter's scholarly writing consists of articles, mostly short, and deal with the interpretation of particular words and phrases, based on rigorous semantic analysis. His output was not especially extensive, but he took great pains with each contribution and published nothing that was not good--which cannot be said of many more prolific scholars.

Besides published work, moreover, there was in Peter a fountain of knowledge, interests, and ideas--a fountain that was never still, and often bubbled into informal, occasional utterances: in his teaching, of course, but often at other times, such as a departmental colloquium or at a party, or in any setting where he was asked to give a talk (and he never said no). On more formal occasions he had sketchy notes, but usually he spoke entirely impromptu, so that one could see his mind working. Many recall those moments. It was above all his enthusiasm that lit up the occasion, as though a light had been switched on in the room. We remember him beaming, glowing, actually perspiring, as he developed his point with animation, sometimes along lines which had occurred to him only seconds earlier--or so it seemed. In fact, of course, there was more behind it than that. At such moments he appeared inspired. This is the Peter that generations of students on two continents remember with something more than affection, and will not forget. Sometimes he was thought “too generous” in assessing students, but that was part of his innate generosity, and it was his generous spirit that made him an inspiring teacher.


Personally, Peter was a man of charm and--to use the old-fashioned word--breeding, always pleasant and agreeable. But there was much more--a genuine warmth and sympathy which captivated all who met his dark, expressive eyes. Whether fishing with a neighbor, or giving a paper at a meeting, or checking out books in the library, he won the regard and affection of all who knew him.

Richard Frank Bryan Reardon


James Smoot Coleman, Political Science: Los Angeles


Jim Coleman died on Saturday, April 20th, at age 66. His passing is unutterably sad. For all of us who were his students, his colleagues, and his friends, there is the sense that he is absolutely irreplaceable. His unique combination of personal qualities and capacities enabled him to do the work of several and gave him a profoundly meaningful place in our lives. Jim touched us in special ways and even now we wonder what will become of the monumental assignments that he assumed as his final challenges: the creation of a multi-disciplinary program in international development studies at UCLA and the completion of a volume on the role of education in third world development.

So many of Jim's qualities stand out as larger than life that merely to inventory them is daunting. One calls to mind his pioneering theoretical contributions to political science and development studies; his monumental contributions to the study of African politics; his legendary capacity for work; his uncanny administrative skills that combined meticulous attention to detail with a grand and sweeping vision; and a personal style that has been variously described as saintly, fatherly, incredibly self-effacing and touched with the quality of grace. All of us who came into contact with Jim brought away an enlarged sense of ourselves and our abilities.

Jim's intellectual contributions are enduring. The list of scholars who acknowledge an enduring debt just to his classic article “Nationalism in Tropical Africa” (American Political Science Review, 1954), is practically endless. A few year after its appearance, Thomas Hodgkin publicly stated that he was personally so moved by this article that he wrote his most famous book, Nationalism in Colonial Africa, as a response. The University of California Press has paid its own special tribute to Jim's first book, Nigeria: Background to Nationalism, by keeping that volume in print 27 years. It remains the essential starting point for understanding that country's contemporary political history.

Jim and Gabriel Almond co-edited and co-authored The Politics of the Developing Areas, the book that introduced functional analysis to the

political study of the non-western world. Generations of political scientists have quoted it repeatedly ever since--in term papers, in field examinations, and in professional publications. What syllabus of basic contributions to the comparative study of the developing world would be complete without Political Parties and National Integration in Tropical Africa, co-edited and co-authored with Carl Rosberg in 1964, or Education and Political Development (1965)? Being included in a volume that Jim Coleman edited was a little like an assurance of academic immortality, not because of the quality of one's own essay, but because it was a certainty that scholars would turn to that volume for generations hence to see what Jim had to say.

For a person whose published works are the required reading of the profession, Jim was less wedded to his ideas than most. He was constantly prepared to try something new, and sometimes immortalized a journal just by doing so. Few of us would seek out the library call number of the somewhat obscure Makerere University Journal, Mawazo, had Jim not published his timeless article, “The Resurrection of Political Economy” in it in 1967. As a reappraisal of what political scientists might be doing to study the development process more effectively, that article still can't be beat. Other ideas that Jim legitimized, just by trying them out, include policy-oriented and policy-relevant research, the notion of the university as a developmental institution, and the importance of political capacity as an aspect of modernization.

Jim's writing style reflected his personal style: each piece was a rich bibliographical essay encyclopedically surveying the literature on the topic at hand. And Jim's treatment of others' contributions was consistently and inevitably appreciative. Intrinsic to Jim's writing style was the attribution of his ideas to others. Somehow, those ideas as he presented them sounded more profound, more persuasive and infinitely better-reasoned than in the original. Jim treated people the same way, always taking enormous pains to convey that what he did or said was the outgrowth of suggestions made by others.

Jim was a tireless booster of other people. How many of us, over the years, received early morning phone calls from Jim in which he would say, in one way or another, “you're not asking me to do enough for you.” His supportiveness knew no ideological boundaries. If, as we all knew, Jim was an exemplar of liberal social science in development studies, he was also, with logical consistency and deep conviction, a constant patron of radical and revolutionary scholars. Indeed, Jim Coleman actively encouraged the work of those who were among his most severe intellectual critics as well as those with whom he shared a commonality of views. He treated projects and programs that he was involved with identically, often calling in the early morning to ask what sort of resources he could provide.

Jim had clear and strong ideas about academic administration and how to achieve institutional excellence. His ideas included “build on excellence” and “recognize differential merit and support it.” Yet, such was Jim's personal style that he never revealed what he considered less than excellent or which persons he may have deemed less than supportable. It seemed that all areas of international studies had his attention and support and that all the scholars he dealt with had his esteem and commendation. One's own performance was then the measure of excellence.

Institutions grew and developed under his touch. He was founder-director of UCLA's African Studies Center and its programmatic profile continues to reflect the momentum he imparted twenty-five years ago. Early in his academic career, Jim decided that building institutions in Africa was more important than doing so in this country, and in 1965 he accepted an invitation to join the Rockefeller Foundation, to head its University Development Program in eastern Africa. It is indicative of his remarkable organizational skills that he endowed such institutions as the Makerere Institute of Social Research and the University of Nairobi's Institute of Development Studies with a truly miraculous capacity for survival.

When he returned to UCLA in the summer of 1978, it was to chair a small campus unit called the Chancellor's Committee on International and Comparative Studies (CCICS). CCICS' role was to advise the administration on international programs. By the Spring of 1984, CCICS had become ISOP, International Studies and Overseas Programs. Its role was no longer advisory, but allocative. For Jim had been entrusted with nearly a dozen faculty positions to distribute, basically according to his own best judgment as to how these might advance the field of comparative international studies.

Jim Coleman made it fun to be an administrative colleague because he was always there to laugh at the difficulties and straighten out the mistakes. He also made the job a good deal easier because he did a disproportionate share of the work. His constant attention to and unvarying respect for the work of others made it appealing to be an academic colleague. His appreciation impelled all of us to exercise a little more of ourselves, partly because of the positive anticipation of being able to show him a new piece of work. In all of this, he endowed university administration with a broader sense of purpose. And he believed in the strongest possible way that every person called upon could make a contribution to that purpose.

This bare outline of Jim's personal qualities and scholarly and administrative achievements barely begins to take the measure of the man. Nor do these accomplishments alone account for his extraordinary reputation in the milieu of African studies. For twenty years, he was the unofficial American ambassador for higher education in Africa. He knew Africa as well as any American of his time. The home and hearth that he and his wife, Ursula, made in Los Angeles were also home and hearth to African scholars.


The pain of Jim's sudden death is so much the greater because it left no opportunity to tell him how much he and his work meant. His generous praise of the work of others was matched by an almost resolute avoidance of reference to his own contributions. Jim was an implacably private person and the mere mention of these seemed to cause him embarrassment. News of Jim's death was couched in terms of a “massive” heart attack. Upon reflection, the phrase is meet: Jim was larger than life. No ordinary heart attack could possibly have felled him or prevented him from doing what he most wanted to do: continue to involve himself with us in the search for excellence.

Michael Lofchie Richard Sisson Richard Sklar


John Bell Condliffe, Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

John Bell Condliffe, professor emeritus of economics at the University of California, Berkeley, died in Walnut Creek, California, on his ninetieth birthday, December 23, 1981. He was born in Melbourne, Australia, the son of Alfred Bell and Margaret Condliffe (nee Marley). But, following the death of his father in 1899, the family moved to New Zealand. Here he was educated in the Christchurch public schools and Canterbury College, from which he received the B.A. and D.Sc. in economics.

During World War I, he served in the New Zealand forces in Western Europe. Demobilized in England in 1918, he became Gresham Research Fellow, Gonville and Caisus College, Cambridge, England, returning to New Zealand in 1920. There he was appointed the first professor of economics at Canterbury College and served from 1920-26. He left New Zealand in 1926 to become research secretary at the Institute of Pacific Relations in Honolulu, Hawaii, 1927-30; professor of economics at the University of Michigan, 1930-31; member of the Economic Intelligence Service, League of Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, 1931-37; professor of commerce at the London School of Economics, 1937-39; professor of economics, University of California, Berkeley, 1940-58; and director of the Teaching Institute of Economics, Berkeley, 1947-58.

Condliffe was consultant to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, 1957; associate director, Division of History and Economics, Carnegie Endowment, 1943-48; senior economist, Stanford Research Institute, 1961-67; rapporteur-general of the International Studies Conference, 1937-39; chairman, Geneva Research Center, 1937-39; chairman, International Research Committee, Institute of Pacific Relations, 1942-45; advisor to the Indian Council for Applied Economic Research, 1959-60.

In 1978, he was invested as Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George, honorary (U.K.); he was decorated by the Greek government with the Gold Cross of the Phoenix; and was awarded the Henry E. Howland Memorial Prize in 1939, an award from Yale University for creative

achievement in letters, the fine arts, or the science of government. In 1950 he received the Wendell Willkie prize for his book The Commerce of Nations, and in 1972 the Sir James Wattie Prize.

He was a member of the Royal Economic Society, the American Economic Association, and the Economic Society of Australia and New Zealand. He also belonged to the Bohemian Club of San Francisco and the Cosmos Club of Washington, D.C.

His publications include the World Economic Surveys, League of Nations, 1931-37; The Reconstruction of World Trade, 1940; the Welfare State in New Zealand, 1959; the Development of Australia, 1964; Te Rangi Hiroa: The Life of Sir Peter Buck, 1972; and Defunct Economists, 1973.

Professor Condliffe played a part in laying the groundwork for the post-World War II founding of the international economic and financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Throughout his life he contributed numerous articles to the literature of economics and international trade. He made early contributions to adult education in New Zealand through the Workers Education Association of New Zealand.

Condliffe was an authority on the world trading system of the nineteenth century. Comparative freedom of trade and investment were the hallmarks of that system, conditions with which he deeply sympathized. He was also an acknowledged expert on the economic development of New Zealand. A stylist of the first rank, as a colleague and teacher Condliffe placed great emphasis on clarity and lucidity of expression, generously devoting his first-rate talent as an editor. At the core of his philosophy as educator was the view that the primary loyalty and responsibility of teachers was to the students.

He was a genial colleague, an outstanding raconteur, and a successful academic entrepreneur, especially in his dealings with educational foundations. His global view and realistic emphasis were effectively communicated not only to students and colleagues but to the business community as well.

He is survived by his wife, Olive Grace Mills Condliffe of Walnut Creek, California; his son Peter Condliffe of Kensington, Maryland; a daughter, Margaret Condliffe Kessler of Berkeley; nine grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren.

John M. Letiche Howard S. Ellis Ewald T. Grether


Ruth Cooper, Social Welfare: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

Ruth Cooper contributed importantly to the development of the School of Social Welfare on the Berkeley Campus during her quarter century's association with it. The period was filled with events of great import for the School: World War II; the return of the ex-soldiers to higher education; the plenitude of stipends from the National Institutes of Mental Health; the loyalty oath controversy in the University; the expansion of the social work profession; curricular changes in social-work education; and the Free Speech movement. It is against this background that we review Dr. Cooper's contributions.

Ruth was a native Californian, born in Red Bluff, the youngest of eight children, seven of whom lived to maturity. All the Coopers were educated for the professions, and four, including Ruth, became teachers. Most of them were University of California graduates. Ruth herself received the Bachelor's degree, with honors, from UCB in 1920, having majored in Social Economics. Graduation was followed by several decades of professional social-work practice with three interruptions for the pursuit of graduate education; namely, a year at the New York (now Columbia University) School of Social Work to study medical social work (1930-31); a Master's degree in psychiatric social work from the School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago (1939); and a doctorate in social work from the University of Pittsburgh (1953).

During the 1920s and 1930s, Cooper was among the pioneers who developed the field of medical social work. In that specialty she occupied a series of supervisory and administrative positions in the social-service departments of the Camp Kearny (California) U.S. Veterans Hospital, the Los Angeles County Hospital, and Detroit's Harper Hospital, in that order. It was an already nationally recognized expert in the field who was invited to the Berkeley Campus in 1940 to develop a medical social-work specialization for students in a newly authorized Master's degree program in social welfare. This assignment called for designing classroom courses and

for locating agencies that could provide proper field training on a graduate level. At that time there was a woeful scarcity of such facilities in the Bay Area. Accordingly, while still serving on our faculty, Ruth assumed a halftime appointment at the University of California Hospital in San Francisco in order to establish therein a social-service department, which she then headed for the next six years. This effort drew upon skills in relating to physicians and hospital administrators, which not many persons possess.

Initially appointed as Lecturer, Cooper advanced to Assistant Professor (1949) and then to Associate Professor (1953), lastly becoming Professor Emerita in 1965. Her primary teaching responsibility revolved around courses related to medical social work. She was a competent pedagogue. Her courses were thoroughly prepared and well organized. While her relationship with students was cordial and helpful, she never sought to nurture a cult of admirers. She performed importantly in the creation of the basic course in “human growth and change” required of all Master's level students in social welfare. She was a member of the committee that drafted the doctoral program for the School of Social Welfare and worked with the School of Public Health toward developing a joint program between the two schools. She served on many, and chaired a number, of the most important intra-mural committees dealing with such policy matters as admission requirements, curriculum advising, class-field relations, and faculty recruitment. For a time she was foreign-student advisor and also served briefly as Associate Dean in the School of Social Welfare.

Cooper's literary output, though quantitatively small, was nonetheless influential. Her doctoral dissertation, entitled, Determination of Eligibility for Medical Services in California Counties, was published and distributed by the California Hospital Association. In consequence of her writings, her rich practice experience, and her professional leadership, local and national bodies frequently called on her as an expert in medical social work. At various times she served as consultant to the U.S. Children's Bureau, the U.S. Army, and the U.S. Veterans Administration. In 1956-57 she was honored as a Fulbright Research Scholar at the School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine of the University of London.

In line with her family's tradition, Ruth was a loyal alumna of the University of California throughout her life. She continued her close ties with the University community after retirement. She attended the periodic functions of the School of Social Welfare, the Women's Faculty Club, the Emeriti Association, and College Women's Club.

Cooper was a reserved and dignified woman with a strong sense of privacy. Although a quiet person, she never hesitated to speak out on matters she deemed important. In her daily work she wasted no energy in complaining and temporizing. Her efficiency enabled her to accomplish much in fulfilling responsibilities. She performed assigned tasks with dispatch

and yet with conscientious attention to issues. During her academic tenure at Berkeley, the University in general and specifically the School of Social Welfare, experienced difficult, fast-changing, turbulent events. The many vexing dilemmas thereby generated called for wise decisions. To these decisions, Ruth Cooper, with her characteristic calm and good sense, contributed fully. A woman of broad interests, her reading was wide-ranging. During her vigorous years she traveled much both for personal pleasure and in response to professional demands. Her closest friends enjoyed her flashes of wit. She gave generously to charities without publicizing the fact. During her final years, she never complained about the discomforts of her failing health.

It seems characteristic of this well bred woman that when, on one of her travels, she checked in at an elegant hotel in Athens, Greece, the management sent to her room a vase of red roses addressed to “Lady Cooper.” She did not protest the title and graciously accepted the tribute. When she returned to Berkeley, she recounted this story with great amusement. It is not at all surprising to those who knew her that Ruth Cooper might be addressed as “Your Ladyship.”

Margaret S. Schubert Ernest Greenwood Maurine McKeany


Roderick Craig, Entomology: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Californian by birth, chemist by education, teacher and scholar by profession, Professor Craig earned a B.S. and an M.S. degree in chemistry, and a Ph.D. in biochemistry, at Berkeley. He joined the Department of Entomological Sciences as an Instructor and Junior Entomologist in the Experiment Station on January 1, 1932, six months after completing his final degree. He became Professor Emeritus July 1, 1970.

Untraditionally, the entomology department had appointed a chemist to develop the area of insect toxicology. Recognizing the need to develop the biochemical foundations of the companion field of insect physiology, it once again chose not someone trained specifically in biology, but a young man of promise with a unique combination of originality, high intelligence, and great technical skill.

Professor Craig immediately began to develop a pioneering program in insect physiology. Except for a brief period during World War II when he worked in microanalytical chemistry for the Manhattan Project, he devoted himself to developing, training, and equipping students and colleagues in analytical approaches to the study of the physiology of insects. He was among the first investigators to use radioisotopes in biological research, and applied this technique as well as his microanalytical skills to his pioneering studies of excretory physiology of insects.

With a fine ingrained sense of responsibility, Roderick Craig served his department and University unstintingly. In his early years, he carried one of the heaviest teaching loads in the department, and his imprint on our courses in insect physiology, morphology, and ecology remains today. Integrating principles were emphasized, physiology and morphology became structure and function, and these concepts in turn were of significance only in the context of the ecological whole.

Generous, almost to a fault, of his knowledge, inventiveness, and originality, Professor Craig was most enthusiastically approachable when undertaking the mutual consideration of an intellectual or technical challenge

by which some basic physiologically relevant question could be approached. More often than not, the results would be the personal crafting of an instrument or technique with a sensitivity capable of yielding the needed quantitative data.

Ideas are precious, and they abounded in the fertile originality of Roderick's thought, fed by constant reading, an almost unlimited curiosity, and a sweeping breadth of interest. But it was the selfless willingness to share, more often to give, from that irreplaceable store of imaginative technical creativity that was the hallmark of Roderick Craig as a teacher and colleague.

Professor Craig is survived by his wife, Leela, a Berkeley physician. They celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 1981. He is also survived by two sons, Alexander L. Craig of Toledo, Ohio, and Steven B. Craig of El Cerrito, and by four grandchildren.

Edward S. Sylvester Charles L. Judson Ray F. Smith


Charles Cook Cushing, Music: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Charles Cushing taught at the University of California for 37 years. During that period he achieved distinction, not only as a zestful and sympathetic teacher, but also as a skillful and gifted composer. As a native Californian, he received his early education in the public schools in Oakland, and went on to serious study in musical composition at the University in Berkeley, where he received especial encouragement from the visiting French composer, the outstanding Charles Koechlin, in the summers of 1927 and 1928.

Charles' bachelor's degree was earned in 1928, and the master's in 1929. Upon graduation, he won the coveted George Ladd Prize, which gained him the honor of studying composition under the internationally famous Nadia Boulanger for a span of two years at the École Normale de Musique in Paris. On his return to Berkeley, he was appointed Instructor in the University's Music Department, advancing to the full Professorship in 1948, where he continued until he retired in 1968.

During these years, Charles wrote many noteworthy musical compositions, including a piece for chorus and band, called Angel Camp, commissioned for the 150th anniversary of the U.S. Military Academy of West Point (1952), followed by a work for orchestra commissioned by the Ford Foundation, entitled Cereus, a Poem for Orchestry (1959). This was performed in 1961 by the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, and recorded under the cachet of the Koussevitsky Foundation in 1962. It received wide acclaim.

Enhancing publicly his Departmental obligations, Charles for 18 years conducted the University's concert band (1934-1952). His conducting was superb. Contemporary notices testify that the performances under his direction were of a quality seldom achieved by comparable bodies. His interest in quality encouraged him to transcribe a large amount of great music for this medium, producing a body of work notably distinguished by his exceptional skill and sensitivity. In 1947 he conducted on campus the first American performances of Igor Stravinsky's L'Histoire du soldat.


During his years in Paris he became a devotee of French music. Upon his return to America he worked tirelessly to encourage performances of French music; indeed he played a leading role in many performances, either as a conductor or as an accompanist. In 1952 the French government recognized his contributions by making him a Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur.

One of the highlights of his career was the production of Darius Milhaud's opera The Sorrows of Orpheus in Hertz Hall in 1959. Charles translated the text into elegant English; he managed and conducted the performances. Madeleine Milhaud served as the stage director and famed artist David Park created the sets. It received rave notices in the press and achieved a level of production unsurpassed at the University of California to the present day.

Charles Cushing had a wide circle of admirers, both for his composition and his conducting. The Music Department's files include a number of congratulatory letters from such distinguished persons as Sir Arthur Bliss, Nadia Boulanger, Darius Milhaud, Alfred Frankenstein, and Igor Stravinsky.

As a composer, Charles was always modest and discreet. He aimed for utmost clarity and precision, never tried to overwhelm, but rather to achieve his goals through refinement of expression. As a teacher he was demanding, but he earned the respect of countless students over a long period of time. As a graduate adviser he went far beyond the call of duty, writing defenses of students' unorthodoxies when he was convinced they were justified, and he had the courage to say no when he believed them unwarranted. He had a waggish sense of humor. At the same time he brought a stabilizing influence to Department meetings because of his judicious sense of fair-mindedness.

He was a man to whom graciousness was a way of life, and his ability not to be buffeted by the everyday hubbub and by pressures of time was remarkable and comforting. He had the distinction of being in control of his own manner of life. Students and colleagues who were touched by his example will always remember his warmth and generosity.

He is survived by his wife Charlotte, his daughters Jennifer and Elizabeth, his son Caleb, and six grandchildren.

Daniel Heartz Bertrand H. Bronson Lawrence H. Moe


Jacqueline Eugenie V. De La Harpe, French: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

Jacqueline de La Harpe, professor emerita, died in an Oakland hospital on 10 March, 1980. A long-time member of the French Department, Berkeley, she left a wide circle of family, friends and colleagues who will miss her greatly. She was a native of Switzerland, the daughter of a prominent physician in Lausanne and a direct descendant of César-Frédéric de La Harpe, one of the founders of political liberty in the Pays de Vaud at the end of the eighteenth century.

After preparing at the École Vinet in Lausanne and spending a short time as a teacher there, she attended the University of Lausanne, specializing in philology and writing a dissertation on the words et, tamen, and atque in the Confessions of St. Augustine. Her linguistic talents were formidable, and she was perfectly fluent in French, German and English, while her Spanish and Italian left little to be desired.

The First World War caught her by surprise on holiday in Great Britain, and she was repatriated on a sealed train. The next few years saw a reordering of her priorities, so that when the war ended, she went to Italy as private secretary to an art historian. While there, she began a lifelong preoccupation with religious syncretism that would lead to her interest in pagan cults, Christianity in its several forms, and ultimately to that activity and service which characterized her later years in Berkeley. When her Roman sojourn ended, she set out for South America. For several years she pursued a career as journalist, particularly in the Argentine, contributing weekly columns to La Gazette de Lausanne. The difficulties for a professional woman in that country and at that time were enormous, but de La Harpe rose to the challenge and profited by it.

In 1926 she came to visit California, where relatives had already settled and where her brother-in-law was University astronomer at Mt. Hamilton. In the course of her stay, she made the acquaintance at the University of California of then-President Campbell, who asked if she were interested in teaching at university level. From that moment, her career in Berkeley

was decided. Starting in the academic year 1927, she served the French Department at Berkeley long and well, retiring before the prescribed age in 1960. During this period she rose through the ranks to become the first woman in the department to receive both tenure and titularisation. She also produced a number of reviews and articles, in addition to seven monographs dealing with topics that were of special interest to her: lay religion in the work of Luc Durtain, magic and superstition in the French Enlightenment, cosmopolitanism, and, in what is probably her best and most accessible study, Jean-Pierre de Crousaz et le conflit des idées, the intellectual history of eighteenth-century Switzerland.

But it is her career as a teacher that is most significant and has left her most lasting mark. Not only have several of her protégés carried on in her footsteps and found positions in prominent institutions of higher learning, they have also made important contributions to their particular fields in studies dedicated to her and in which her influence is strong. So great was her success as a pedagogue, whether teaching grammar, surveys of literature, or--what ultimately became “her” course--explication de textes, that since her passing the department has continued to receive expressions of sympathy from former students. One of these wrote, “She was encouraging, though severe and totally impatient with nonsense. It was she who saw to it that I got a TAship so that I might return to Graduate School; it was she who helped the most on my dissertation (though she was not my director).” Another wrote, “May I tell you how grateful I have been, and shall always be, for her cheering encouragement, her guidance, and for the high standards of work which she set as a goal for her students.” One non-major had this to say, “I have a very sharp and pleasant memory of her from French 25 in 1941. It could have been a pedestrian, required course, but she brought to it her lively enthusiasm and exacting standards. It was largely her influence that impelled me to take Upper Division and even some Graduate courses in French... For all this, and for the guidance she--perhaps unwittingly--provided, I am grateful.” And there are other expressions in the same vein.

In 1960 she was made an honorary member of the graduating class at Berkeley, an award which pleased her greatly. But the highest public recognition which she received, however, had come in 1954, when she was made Doctor honoris causa of the University of Lausanne. Later, de La Harpe was invited to participate in the first of a series of summer sessions sponsored by the John Hay Whitney Foundation at the University of Washington in Seattle. There, her vivacity and expertise won for her teaching further accolades from a still wider public. She herself was aware of this achievement when, on retiring, she wrote to former President Sproul that “these years have given me the possibility to use whatever talents I have in the way I liked. Teaching is a truly wonderful profession. The

continuous contact with young minds, still fresh (though often woefully ignorant!), and just opening up, is a great privilege.” On the same occasion, she was lauded by her colleagues as “a scholar, teacher and friend who has richly contributed to the life of the Department and of the University.”

Several trips to Europe throughout her tenure at Berkeley, culminating in a lengthy trip around the world in 1953-54, afforded her wonderful opportunities for examining on the spot other aspects of that religious syncretism which had earlier attracted her to anthroposophy and Rudolf Steiner. After retirement, she devoted herself with her usual enthusiasm and thoroughness, to perfecting her knowledge of Russian and to learning Hebrew--this latter with an eye to informing herself more fully about Gnosticism and other religious mysteries from which she seemed to draw much strength.

Her intellectual activity in the last years was the more remarkable as she was in considerable physical pain, the result of an arthritic condition. After a serious fall in 1975 from which she never fully recovered, her faculties became progressively more impaired. Nonetheless, when she was feeling well, a visit to her at home would find her as alert and as stimulating as ever. But her personality was more than the sum of her charm, her benevolence, her high standards, or even her enormous vitality; it was a triumph of the will.

She is survived by an adopted daughter, a brother and sister, a nephew, and several nieces and grandchildren.

Basil Guy Marianne Bonwit (DECEASED) Alvin Eustis


William Ray Dennes, Philosophy: Berkeley

Mills Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Civil Polity, Emeritus

The death of William R. Dennes, on May 2, 1982, cost the University a beloved teacher and scholar with whom it had the closest and most beneficial ties for nearly 70 years. The long association began in 1915, when young Will arrived from his native Healdsburg to enroll at Berkeley as a freshman. By the time of his graduation, he had amply demonstrated the intelligence and diligence that marked his activity all through his later life: despite a difficult course of study that combined philosophy, the classics, and the biological sciences, he was awarded the University Medal as the top scholar in his class. During the following year, while holding the Mills Fellowship in Philosophy, he earned the master's degree. These attainments, together with his attractive personal qualities, then won him a Rhodes scholarship to Oxford, where, three years later, he received the D.Phil. degree. While in Oxford he married the former Margaret Stevenson of New York. They returned in 1923 to this country to accept the offer of an instructorship in philosophy in California.

In 1929 Dennes studied in Germany and began a life-long friendship with the noted classical scholar, Kurt von Fritz, whose courage during the Nazi period he never ceased to admire. In 1932 he was invited to Yale University as associate professor, but after only a year in New Haven he decided to return to Berkeley. An important factor in his decision was his respect for the Academic Senate's voluntary acceptance of pay cuts in the higher ranks, instead of dismissal of non-tenured staff, as a way of coping with the budgetary cuts necessitated by the Depression. The Berkeley faculty's self-government, and especially this sort of principled action on its part, were the chief ground of his loyalty to the institution and of his willingness to remain here despite many attractive offers. He retired in 1965. During his last decade of service, he was Mills Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and of Civil Polity, a formidable title that gave him no little amusement.


Dennes's philosophical interests lay mainly in the field of ethics and general theory of value, but he was also very well informed in the history of philosophy and in most of the other areas. Although he had little use for what he called “large views,” he did not strongly resist being classified as a philosophical naturalist. Naturalism, in its most general form, is a point of view about the acceptability of explanatory systems: it holds that no such system is satisfactory if it resorts to supernatural beings or states of affairs. Accordingly, in ethics the naturalist holds that the only considerations that are relevant to the validity of moral judgments are those involving features of this “natural” world in which we live; it is neither necessary nor even useful to take into account the supposed commands of deities, or the possible rewards and punishments in an imaginary hereafter, or any other such mysteries. What are relevant are the empirical facts, especially those having to do with the basic needs of the affected persons--where the term “basic needs” is understood to refer not only to those for food, shelter, and other necessities for immediate survival, but also to needs for knowledge, beauty, and affiliation with one's fellow man.

In his writings, Will Dennes gave special attention to the problems that arise in connection with the resolution of human conflicts. “The reconciliation of conflicts,” he once said, “is probably the dominant motive of my life and work in philosophy.” A quotation from his Woodbridge lectures is apposite here. Noting that when such conflicts arise the philosopher not only must ask “What ought to be done?” but also must consider the second-order question, “How can one properly determine what ought to be done?” Will wrote:

A naturalist is likely to answer this philosophical question by suggesting that the first thing to do is to try to understand the conflict as thoroughly as possible in the time that may be at one's disposal--to make out the content of the socially accepted rules or the habitual action-patterns that are in collision with specific desires, or with external threats, or with other actual, imagined, or proposed patterns of activity. The second thing to do (and the first and second, of course, go on concurrently and influence one another) is to learn as much as one can in the time at one's disposal about the probable consequences that would follow from one or other compromise or resolution of the conflicting factors.

Those who have seen Will Dennes in action as an administrator will recognize in the foregoing a brief description of his own modus operandi. What made him so effective as a reconciler of differences, and so persuasive on any issue he discussed, was, in addition to his unfailing tact, kindness and good nature, his capacity to understand all aspects of the matter and to make well-informed estimates of the probable consequences of the various possible courses of action. The participants in such disputes found

that he understood, usually even better than they did, what could be said for their own points of view. Under the circumstances it was difficult for rational people not to be persuaded.

In his long career at California, Will had ample opportunity to exercise these skills. He built a record of university and public service seldom equalled. Besides his many years as Dean of the Graduate Division and his three terms as Chairman of the Department of Philosophy, he served on nearly every major Senate and Administrative committee, nearly always at least part of the time as chairman, and usually with several tours of duty. A sample: nine years on the Budget Committee, six years on the Educational Policy Committee, seven years on the Graduate Council, five years on the Privilege and Tenure Committee, seven years on the Research Committee, and so on. In addition, he served as Chairman and as Vice Chairman of the Northern Section of the Academic Senate and as a member and officer of many Statewide committees and committees of national organizations. He played an important part in the establishment of the Santa Cruz campus, and in the selection of its initial faculty. During World War II he was an assistant director, under J. Robert Oppenheimer, of the Los Alamos project. In all of this, as his friends were aware, he acted in accord with Kant's criterion, i.e., “not by inclination but out of a sense of duty.”

Dennes's special influence on students came from attitude and manner as well as from learning. His lectures, in particular those on the history of philosophy, were works of literary art. The perennial insights of Aristotle, Spinoza, and Hume were presented with all the glowing freshness of immediate revelation, but at the same time they did not escape his gentle though sometimes devastating commentary. The undergraduates crowded into his courses, and graduate students admired him to such an extent that some of them even began unconsciously to imitate his manner of speaking. Many are among the leaders in academic philosophy today.

As would be expected, there is a long list of honors, including a Guggenheim fellowship, an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from New York University, an appointment at Columbia University as Woodbridge Memorial lecturer, election as Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts, and election as President of the American Philosophical Association. Among his numerous published writings the best known are his book, Some Dilemmas of Naturalism, and the papers he contributed to 18 volumes of the University of California Publications in Philosophy.

No tribute to Will Dennes can fail to mention his talented wife Margaret who survives him, as do his son, Richard, and daughter, Margot Honig, and seven grandchildren. Margaret's intelligence, wit, and good humor were a source of strength to him in all his undertakings, as he well knew, and they were a joy to the many students, colleagues and friends who had

the good fortune to be invited to the Dennes home, whether for a large get-acquainted gathering or for a quiet afternoon of pleasant conversation and profitable discussion. Many treasured memories derive from those occasions.

Will Dennes will be remembered not only for his contributions to philosophy and to higher education, but above all for his qualities as a person. Most prominent of these were his thoughtfulness and kindness to all with whom he came in contact. We have lost a remarkable friend and colleague. He is sorely missed.

B. Mates K. Aschenbrenner C. W. Jones W. I. Matson E. W. Strong


Watson Dickerman, Education: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Watson Dickerman served the University of California with devotion. With his death from Parkinson's Disease on August 6, 1984, the field of Adult and Continuing Education lost one of its early leaders and most eloquent spokesmen. During his 30-year career, Professor Dickerman served two campuses of the University of California--in the Berkeley School of Education and University Extension from January 1946 until August 1952, and later at UCLA in the School of Education from January 1957 to March 1968.

Professor Dickerman's contributions to the Adult and Continuing Education Movement lie primarily in creating graduate programs for future leaders, establishing training activities for practitioners, and developing policy studies in comparative adult education. He was recognized as a great teacher who gave himself unstintingly to his students. Through the years, he served without fanfare in helping community agencies develop educational opportunities.

His early interest lay in International Relations and he completed the B.A. degree in that major field at Dartmouth College in 1928. For several years thereafter, he was associated with the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, as a teacher of English. His academic focus shifted to the new movement, Adult Education, when he returned to his home state, Illinois, as a teacher and director of WPA Adult Education programs, and field representative and writer for the American Association for Adult Education in New York City. In 1945, he completed the Ph.D. degree at the University of Chicago following six years at the University of Minnesota. Professor Dickerman served two summers as a staff member of the National Training Laboratory, Bethel, Maine, and immediately prior to joining the UCLA School of Education faculty served in a similar capacity at the University of Michigan.

Professor Dickerman's wealth of international experience added considerably to the value of his UCLA contributions. In 1950, he chaired the

United States delegation to an UNESCO Seminar in Adult Education in Salzburg, Austria. A year later he was an adult education consultant in West Germany and Turkey.

During his UCLA years, Professor Dickerman was awarded a Fulbright lectureship in Adult Education at Ochanomizu University, Japan, and spent two sabbatical leaves overseas. In 1963 he studied the Danish Folk High Schools, and in 1967 completed a research project on adult education in Greece. Each of these experiences resulted in important contributions to the literature on the burgeoning Adult Education movement.

His writing can be described as lucid and graceful. He enjoyed writing about adult school education as a spirit more than an institution. In one instance, he expressed a philosophy of public service, warning “if everything be subordinated to the aim to please, then educators will cease to be leaders and become maudlin camp followers of the mass man.” Adult school service, he strongly felt, “must all be honest service keeping faith with the academic tradition of integrity and excellence--a major problem of the community centered evening school” (Outposts of the Public School. American Association for Adult Education. New York (1938) p. 71).

Wat, as he was affectionately known by colleagues and students, was a superb teacher/counsellor. A book of student letters compiled upon his retirement represented a great outpouring of devotion. Wat was described as a most inspirational leader. In the words of one former student, he was a “person with whom every interchange was a teacher-learning experience--a phonograph record quickly became a seminar on ethnic musicology--having a beer with Wat became a culturally enriching experience.” In further recognition of his pedagogical approach, another remarked: “because of infinite respect for the human personality, he lacked contentiousness and disliked controversy, preferring to work on conflict resolution.” Still another added: “Never have I heard research explained so clearly, and demonstrated so effectively and meaningfully to public school teachers and adults.” And a final summary: “Through him we see the ideal of a University and its ability to foster research, to counsel and guide a beginning profession, and to strengthen the bonds of mutual assistance and service to our community and nation... a pioneer in his chosen field.”

Wat loved music, particularly jazz. As early as 1920, he played jazz professionally, but thought of himself an amateur. Throughout his career he lectured and taught courses at UCLA and the University of Hawaii on the development of jazz. He enjoyed analyzing jazz compositions and spoke of writing a book on its origins and appearance in other art forms. During the 1960s, his wash-tub band entertained numerous times at faculty and student parties.

Watson Dickerman was a unique individual, affectionately held in high

esteem by all those touched by him. He is survived by his wife, Eleanor, and two younger brothers.

Frederick C. Kintzer A. Garth Sorenson


Forrest D. Dill, Sociology: Davis


Forrest D. Dill was killed in a single car accident on August 16, 1981. He was forty years of age. His death profoundly shocked those who knew him intimately as “Woody” and dismayed those who knew enough of his work to appreciate his loss to the study of law and society. Woody's promise as a scholar became apparent quite early at Northwestern University where his B.A. was awarded with highest distinction. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa in 1963 and then named a Woodrow Wilson Fellow for 1963-64. He became an advanced Fellow at the University of California at Berkeley in 1965. Further recognition came to Woody with an NIMH Predoctoral Fellowship for the years 1965-69. While working on his dissertation he was appointed research sociologist at the Center on Administration of Criminal Justice, University of California at Davis.

Woody taught briefly at the University of California at Davis, then went to State University of New York at Stony Brook where he remained until 1978, when he left to join the Sociology Department at the University of California at Davis. While at Stony Brook, Woody received an Outstanding Teacher award, which spoke fittingly of the warm and careful attention he gave to his students.

Woody began his research career with a study of bail reform while still at the Law Center in Berkeley. This became his doctoral dissertation and among other projects was being prepared for publication at the time of his death. His published articles with the exception of one on status liability dealt with a variety of topics in law and sociology: judicial policy-making, local bar politics, and, of course, the role of bail bondsmen. His current concerns were with crime deterrence, crime victims in court, and crime and justice in suburbia.

Some of Woody's most impressive work was done along with Edwin Lemert on the study of the California Probation Subsidy. His talent for ethnographic style observation and interviewing quickly became apparent, as well as the imagination and skill to organize his findings in the light of

theoretical issues. Although it is likely to be little noted, Woody's analysis of the way in which a probation department gets organized to defeat its own purposes stands as a highly original contribution to this otherwise theoretically barren area.

Woody had much to give to his colleagues as well as to his students. He possessed an unusual facility to emphasize and appreciate the research and writing problems of his associates, was always ready to discuss them, and seldom failed to give insightful, constructive help.

Woody's sudden death was not easy for his colleagues and friends to accept in any meaningful way. His love of music--specially jazz and blues--and of people, and his warmth infused nearly all who came to know him. He can be remembered not only for his keen mind but also for his fine sensitivity to other human beings.

F. Feeney E. Lemert J. Walton


William Earl Dole, Jr., Art: Santa Barbara


William Earl Dole, Jr., was born in Angola, Indiana, in 1917. He took his bachelor's degree at Olivet College in Michigan where personal contact with such leading literary figures as Gertrude Stein, Sherwood Anderson and Carl Sandburg fostered his life-long love of the written word. He had begun to study art in high school, and he continued at Olivet, during his senior year with George Rickey who became a life-long friend. After graduating in 1938, he studied at the Chicago Art Institute and taught art in the Angola public schools. He came to California to study at Mills College, and in 1941 married Kathryn Lee Holcomb, of a pioneer San Bernardino family.

After serving from 1942 to 1945 in the US Army Air Corps, he began his association with the University of California, which was to continue for the rest of his life. He took a master's degree at Berkeley and taught there for two years before in 1949 beginning his career on the Santa Barbara campus, then still the small college on the Riviera. His arrival was timely, and he participated fully in the transformation of the college into the present University. At critical periods during this transition, he was twice chair of the Art Department and served on pivotal University committees such as Budget and Interdepartmental Relations, and Research. The importance of the arts and the Art Department on the campus, the respect they are given locally, and the enviable reputation they have earned throughout the nation and world, are in no small part owing to his intelligent, farsighted and discriminating leadership.

Bill Dole did not let his involvement and concern with administrative affairs compromise his teaching, of which he was a master. With his students he was patient, tactful and always caring, tolerant of others' modes of thinking and seeing, and ever anxious to encourage any creative ability. He was also a man of extraordinary probity, and he always maintained the

highest standards. Reticent but accessible in manner, he was nonetheless more articulate than most who are not professional performers; fewer still speak with his obvious and natural integrity. His effect as a teacher did not go unrecognized; formally, in 1958 he was the first person to win the Plous Memorial Award for distinguished University service by junior faculty members; informally, he inspired more than three decades of students, both by word and by example. A scholarship fund for art students at UCSB has been established in his memory.

Great as his contributions to the University and unforgettable as the impact of his personality on his students, colleagues and friends, Professor Dole's greatest achievement was as an artist. Throughout his life he was an incomparable draftsman. At a time when realistic representation was little practiced and even less admired, he recorded the familiar recognizable faces and objects of his daily life with singular insight and sensitivity, knitting with fine even lines a magic fabric from the odds and ends of contemporary existence. But he began his public professional career primarily as a painter, choosing his subject matter from what he called “back alley architecture and ashcan realism.” Successful as his paintings were, he achieved his greatest distinction when he began making collages. John Russell, the leading art critic of the New York Times, ranked him as one of the world's most distinguished practitioners of the art. He began during the mid-1950s when he was on sabbatical in Florence, where in junk shops and open air markets, he discovered the materials of his collages: paper of all sorts ranging from bits of Japanese tissue for making artificial roses, through old book-cover linings, to all varieties of antiquarian printed matter--bills and receipts, broadsides, maps, pages from old books, official documents and other ephemera. Out of this discovery, he developed what one critic described as “chamber music for the eye”; witty, erudite, subtle and suggestive, his collages transform the wastepaper of the past into a world of visual and verbal delights beyond time.

William Dole's international reputation was established by a series of exhibitions of collages in the United States and in Berlin, London, Mexico City and Rome. Recognition came in many other forms as well: sixty-five one-man shows, inclusion in over thirty public collections, election to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, an honorary doctorate from Olivet College, a period as Visiting Artist at Tamarind, appointment as a sustaining Trustee of the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, and selection as UCSB Faculty Research Lecturer for 1982.

He will be remembered, and his work admired, by many who never knew him. Those of us who did will miss his wit and quiet wisdom as a colleague and mourn the loss of an irreplaceable friend. He leaves his widow in Santa Barbara, seven children, and six grandchildren. With them

we share our gratitude for all he did for us, and our sorrow because he is no longer with us.

Alfred Moir Michael Arntz Donald Cressey Howard Fenton


Eugenio Donato, French and Italian: Irvine


Eugenio Donato died on September 19, 1983. Born in Cyprus on August 17, 1937, of an Italian father and an Armenian mother, he spent his early years in Alexandria, Egypt, where in 1954 he received the French Baccalaureat-es-lettres. After majoring in mathematics at UCLA and Columbia University, New York (B.A. 1956), he taught French and mathematics at Portsmouth Priory, Rhode Island. In 1965, he completed his Ph.D. in Romance Languages at the Johns Hopkins University under the direction of Rene Girard, and remained there as an assistant professor. In 1966 in collaboration with Richard Macksey, he organized and edited the proceedings of The Structuralist Controversy: The Languages of Criticism and The Science of Man, which gave radically new orientation to humanities studies in North America.

Before assuming the Chair of the Department of French and Italian at UC Irvine in 1978, he had taught at Cornell (1963-64), Johns Hopkins (1964-68), SUNY Buffalo (1968-76) where he directed the Program in Comparative Literature, and, as a visiting professor, at the University of Montreal, UC San Diego, UC Irvine, and Stanford University. A critic of unusual insight and profundity, a scholar with a thorough background in philosophy and the history of modern science, Professor Donato published a considerable number of seminal articles, mainly theoretical, on subjects ranging from Ariosto to Broges. He frequently contributed to such journals as MLN, Diacritics, Glyph, Boundary II, as well as to collective volumes, e.g., Textual Strategies, which contain studies by other eminent scholars, notably Paul de Man, that other irreplaceable theorist who survived Donato by only three months.

At the time of his death, Eugenio Donato was completing an important study of nineteenth-century theories of representation. Using Flaubert as his principal literary subject, Professor Donato argues in that book for a new understanding of European romanticism's contributions to modern theories of representation and interpretation. In addressing intellectual issues,

he skillfully bolstered deconstructive strategies with solid erudition; he never disdained the ideas of previous scholars, even those of opposing allegiances. A sense of excitement and adventure pervades all his writings.

By his brilliant teaching, his numerous invited lectures on the international scene, and his strong intellectual presence, Eugenio Donato exerted a lasting influence on students and colleagues alike. At the news of his death, his friends and followers in many parts of the country quickly initiated memorial tributes. A special issue of MLN dedicated to his memory and special achievement is now in press; the scholars represented in that issue give some measure of the intellectual and personal care Eugenio Donato inspired. His book on Flaubert and modern literature will be published in the near future. Several other works in his memory are planned. The Johns Hopkins University's annual symposium on literary theory will henceforth bear his name. His pioneering work in literary theory will continue in the enduring influences he has had on many friends and fellow scholars around the world.

Professor Donato is survived by his mother, his wife, Sally, their son, Bartholomew, and his daughter, Ariane.

Judd Hubert John Rowe Franco Tonelli


Robert W. Earle, Pharmacology: Irvine

Senior Lecturer

The death of Dr. Robert Earle on July 18, 1981 saddened all who knew him because his life had so greatly enriched theirs. They share with the Earle family an acute sense of loss.

Dr. Earle first joined the faculty of the California College of Osteopathy in 1946 when the college was located in Los Angeles. He began as assistant professor of biochemistry. However, his teaching prowess and many contributions led to his progressive advancement, culminating in his appointment in 1952 as Chair of the Department of Pharmacology, a position which he held for 17 years. When the California College of Medicine became part of the University of California (1963) and then moved to UC Irvine in 1965, Dr. Earle played a crucial role in the transition. This is evidenced by the fact that he served not only as chairman of pharmacology, but as acting chairman of physiology from 1963 to 1966.

Dr. Earle relinquished the Chair in Pharmacology in 1968, but continued to play important and numerous roles in the affairs of the College of Medicine. In addition, he was finally able to devote himself more to his first love, teaching--or, more accurately, to his students. He was interested not just in subject matter, but in what constitutes good teaching, in how students learn, and in students as human beings. Among his several teaching duties, Dr. Earle coordinated and taught the bulk of the Autonomic Pharmacology course and was almost daily in intimate and personal contact with the students. At the end of each academic year, it was common practice for the students to seek him out, to shake his hand and thank him. He had with them a special relationship. On several occasions Dr. Earle received the “Golden Apple,” an award given by the student body in recognition of outstanding teaching. During his 35 years with the College of Medicine, he served on numerous committees and performed many administrative and teaching roles with whole-hearted commitment and distinction, in addition to a rare humanity and sensitivity to his fellow workers.


We who know and valued him mourn our loss as must the University he served so well and so faithfully.

Ralph E. Purdy J. Edward Berk Warren L. Bostick


Hiram Wheeler Edwards, Physics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus
Director of Relations with Schools, Emeritus

Educated in mathematics and physics, Hiram Wheeler Edwards' lifelong interests were captured not only by his chosen field of physics but also by administrative work, especially as the University of California Director of Relations with Schools in the last 27 years of his University service--1936 to 1953. In that service, he was a valued leader and good friend of high school and college counselors, high school principals, and community and junior college presidents.

He was born in Spring Valley, Minnesota, on September 9, 1885, the son of Frank Vinton Edwards and Kate Farmer Edwards. After graduation from high school in Minnesota, he completed two years in Carlton College, then moved to California to complete his work for the bachelor's degree in 1908 at the University of California, Berkeley. He won the Whiting Fellowship in 1910-11 and completed his study and was awarded the Ph.D. in Physics at Berkeley in 1911. In July of 1911, he married Vena Marvella Tomlin, University of California class of 1910.

Edwards began his professional work in education at Baylor University, where he served as professor of physics for one year. Invited to join the Fresno State Normal School in California as Director of Science, he served there from 1912-1918. During World War I, he supervised the University of California U.S. Ground School of Military Aeronautics as Inspector of instructions and served as Head Lecturer for the U.S. School for Radio Electronics. Following World War I, he was appointed Supervisor of the Teaching of Physical Science in University High School and Teaching Fellow in Education, Department of Education, University of California, Berkeley.

Edwards' next appointment was at UCLA in 1922 where he taught physics. From reports of his students, he was a popular teacher, bringing to his classroom practical applications of the theories and principles he was propounding. His research work, including studies in the vacuum

evaporation process, led to the production of a front surface mirror, known as Pancro, subsequently in wide demand in astronomy, motion picture making, and in other areas where high reflectivity power is needed.

In November 1936, he was appointed by President Robert G. Sproul to serve as the Director of the newly created statewide Office of Relations with Schools with headquarters on the Los Angeles Campus. The office was established to bring about improvement in the articulation process among California's secondary schools, junior colleges, state colleges, and the University of California. He was the ideal person to head that new office. He was a wise, unassuming, well-informed administrator with an analytical mind, thoughtful and caring at all times, sensitive to the needs of others. These traits and qualities fostered friendly cooperation in working with school and college counselors. He initiated many services helpful to them in their advising of students about advancement from one segment of schooling to another. Among the more notable services were the following:

1. Publication of California Notes, a monthly newsletter to schools and colleges from the University of California, and of Freshmen's Views on Articulation, addressed to school and junior college counselors.
2. Expansion of articulation committees and conferences to include not only high schools and junior colleges, but also state and independent colleges, as well as the State Department of Education.
3. Development of liaison committees in Agriculture, Engineering, and twenty-five other fields of study.
4. Establishment of a systematized school and college visiting program.
5. Organization of conferences on school and college counseling in which students and parents participated.

In addition to articles for publications such as School and Society, he was the author of Analytic and Vector Mechanics, published in 1933 by McGraw-Hill, Physical Measurements--A Manual of Laboratory Work in College Physics, 1939, and Kindred Spirits--A Link Between Two Worlds in 1974 by Vantage Press. He was a prolific writer of technical articles and papers in the fields of education and physics. Membership in professional societies included Sigma Xi, AAAS, American Physical Society, Optical Society of California, and California Society of Secondary School Administrators. He belonged to numerous educational associations--secondary school, college and universities.

After retirement in 1956, Edwards and his wife remained in Berkeley until moving to Rossmore, California. When Vena died in 1980, he moved with his daughter, Phyllis Q. Edwards, M.D., to Scotts Valley, California, where they lived near his son, Warren Wheeler Edwards, and family. His older daughter, Tomlin Coggan, resides in St. Simons Island, Georgia. He is survived by three children, five grandchildren, and four great grandchildren. With Hiram, his family came first. He was dedicated to them.


President Sproul wrote Dr. Edwards upon his retirement, “In addition to discharging your teaching responsibilities effectively, you have played a unique part in building the Statewide University, as Director of Relations with Schools. The psychological value of this latter effort cannot be measured, nor can the gratitude I feel, as President of the University, for what you have done to establish rapport among the several parts of California's system of public education beyond high school graduation. Without the benefit of your experience, tact, and wisdom, we could not have achieved anything like what we have.”

Howard B. Shontz Vern W. Robinson David B. Stewart Katherine L. Walker Harvey E. White


Ernst Ekman, History: Riverside


Ernst Ekman died suddenly on October 13, 1981 at the age of 54. One of the best-known members of the faculty, Ernst began his teaching career in 1954, the first full year that undergraduate instruction was offered on the Riverside campus. Thus his career coincided with the history of Letters and Science at UCR.

Ernst was born in Chicago of Swedish immigrant stock, a fact that undoubtedly contributed to his decision to specialize in Scandinavian history and culture. After completing secondary school in Glendale, California, Ernst attended Yale University, where he was a member of Jonathan Edwards College. Following a short period of study at Gotesborgs Hogskola in Sweden, he entered the University of Minnesota, where he received an M.A. degree in Scandinavian Area Studies. He completed his education at UCLA and was awarded the Ph.D. degree in History in 1954.

Ernst was an outstanding teacher, gifted in his abilities and conscientious in his performance. He was one of those rare individuals who appealed equally to beginning undergraduates and doctoral-level students. He tried to bring history to life for beginners by using numerous imaginative devices like costumes and native languages to recreate the flavor of people and events of the past. For students at advanced levels he emphasized the importance of careful and exhaustive scholarship. In his early years at UCR Ernst was an enthusiastic supporter of the required undergraduate course in Western Civilization and made a major contribution to its success. Even with the transformation of Riverside into a general campus and its subsequent division into departments and colleges, Ernst continued to champion the educational value of a core curriculum that emphasized study of the history and basic institutions of our civilization. His contribution to the education of our students was recognized by the Academic Senate, which in 1969 honored him with a Distinguished Teaching Award.

Ernst's main interest as an historian lay in Northern Europe from the period of the Reformation to the Thirty Years War. One of the figures

about whom he wrote was Gustavus Adolphus, the Swedish soldier-king; others included notables of the period from Scandinavia and Germany. But Ernst's scholarly interests were wide-ranging, including particularly the course of Scandinavian migrations into the Western hemisphere. Thus he wrote about the Swedish role in the American Civil War, and Swedish immigrants in Chicago, San Francisco, and the West Indies. His ability to write at a scholarly level on such a great variety of historical topics was substantially aided by his prodigious command over foreign languages. His writing was especially noteworthy for its concentration on events which illuminated the broader history of their times, and for the attention he paid to details. Ernst was a craftsman of his trade.

Those who knew Ernst best will remember him as a regular member of the brown bag lunch group that has met daily in the history department for many years. The topics in these noon-time discussions ranged widely, from the day's newspaper headlines to the most arcane of historical researches. At times the arguments would become vehement; at others the participants would lapse into meditative silence. Ernst's contribution to these discussions was usually critical; he loved to call into question any over-statement or any assertion of fact for which the speaker could not provide evidence. The rest of the group soon learned that Ernst's statements were like documented facts. He was, above all else, a historian's historian.

Ernst is survived by his wife, Iris, and two sons, Anders and Jonathan.

F. M. Carney R. V. Hine O. A. Johnson J. W. Olmsted J. B. Parsons, Jr.


Mary Marilla Erickson, Biological Sciences: Santa Barbara

Professor Emerita

Dr. Mary M. Erickson, a greatly loved colleague, was with us from 1939 to the time of her death, March 24, 1983. She taught a wide variety of courses in the Department of Biological Sciences, such as Human Anatomy, Native Plants and Animals and the Natural History of Vertebrates. She was an excellent, dedicated and rigorous teacher, admired and respected by her students. She taught a great deal more than the listed subject matter of her courses. She possessed an appreciation of the natural environment and conveyed her own quiet enjoyment of outdoor California to her students. By example, rather than by formal presentation, she demonstrated the way toward a sensitive awareness of the natural beauty of the deserts, mountains and seashores of California. Long before the nation's professional and political leaders were awakened to the crucial importance of the balance of nature, she conveyed without rancor her concern for the national crisis to her students and colleagues, not by exhortation, but by her own example and sustained attitude.

Dr. Erickson was born in Ripon, Wisconsin, September 2, 1905. She earned her A.B. degree at Willamette University, Oregon, in 1927, and completed her M.A. in 1929 and her Ph.D. in 1935, at the University of California, Berkeley. She had the distinction of being the first woman Teaching Fellow under Dr. Joseph Grinnell during her graduate years at the University and paved the way for the acceptance of other women graduate students at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology. Her first position as a new Ph.D. was as an assistant professor at her undergraduate alma mater, from 1936-1938. In 1939, she came to what was then Santa Barbara State College and shared in helping the State College become a campus of the University of California, beginning in 1944. As Chairman of the Department of Biological Sciences during the academic years of 1957 into 1959, she guided her colleagues, with her usual quiet strength and distinction through a difficult period of growth.


Dr. Erickson's research interests were in vertebrate physiology and behavior, especially of birds. She published a number of papers on population dynamics of wren-tits, diets of gopher snakes, and the behavior of several species of native birds. She was invited to contribute chapters to the Life History of North American Birds by A. C. Bent, a Smithsonian publication comprising definitive accounts of every bird species in North America. Dr. Erickson's graduate students hold positions in federal and state agencies responsible for natural resource conservation and environmental assessment. Other students have managerial and curatorial positions in field stations and museums.

Dr. Erickson served on several major committees of the Academic Senate, the University Administration, the Department of Biological Sciences, the College of Letters and Science and the School of Education during her tenure. She was recognized as a serious, competent and willing contributor to committee activities and one who was always well prepared for each meeting.

Dr. Erickson was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Museum of Natural History, the Ecological Society of America and other scientific societies. In recognition of her scientific contributions to ornithology she was elected to the honorific American Ornithological Union. She was frequently requested to give public lectures on her studies of bird behavior to local chapters of biological societies, such as the Audubon Society.

Dr. Erickson was active in off-campus groups. As a member of the American Association of University Women she helped to promote openings for women in universities and in science. For the Altrusa Club, a service organization, she assisted older women to re-enter the job market, and helped in awarding scholarships to students training for nursing.

In college, Mary was a member of a tumbling team. Her lifelong hobbies included folk dancing and horseback riding. She cared for dogs in training to be guide dogs for the blind. After retirement she traveled to every continent except Antarctica. She eventually resided in Valle Verde in Santa Barbara, where she participated in administrative duties carried on by residents of this retirement community. She died there in 1983. She is survived by a brother, Herbert Erickson, two nieces and a nephew and eleven grand nieces and nephews.

Mary will be remembered most for her genuine concern for both colleagues and students, in day to day contacts and long-term associations. She was unpretentious, and possessed an extraordinary ability to be friendly, considerate and inspirational. She was patient, immune to an expression of anger, tolerant of the pretensions, combativeness and impatience of others.

She leaves a wide circle of devoted friends. We all remember her with love and admiration.

Maynard F. Moseley Barbara DeWolfe Cornelius H. Muller Elmer Noble


Willard Edward Farnham, English: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Born September 29, 1891 in Wichita, Kansas, Willard was the son of Edward W. Farnham and Josephine Reynolds Farnham. He traced his ancestry back through successive generations to Wisconsin, to New York State, and ultimately to Ralph Farnham (born in 1603), one of the first settlers of Andover, Massachusetts.

Edward Farnham at the time of Willard's birth was a salesman of agricultural machinery throughout the plains states, until later he settled down as a fruit-grower in Cedaredge, Colorado. Willard's boyhood, consequently, was spent in Wichita, in St. Louis, where he went to high school, and finally Cedaredge. When Willard was only four his mother died, and thereafter her place was filled for him by her sister, his Aunt Ida, until her sudden death in 1912.

Willard matriculated at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in his father's native state, and graduated in June, 1912. As a junior he had been elected to Phi Beta Kappa in April 1911, and in 1912 became a member of the national journalistic fraternity, Sigma Delta Chi. Also before graduation, he was made Vice-President of the Dixie Club, a choral society.

In college Willard had served as associate editor of the Daily Cardinal, the campus newspaper, and on the boards of other college publications. For a while he wanted to combine a career in journalism with one in creative writing. For many years his desire to become a fiction-writer and dramatist continued to tempt him to turn from the academic career towards which he was being instinctively drawn, and in which he was to become eminent. Surviving letters written to Willard by his father show a critical acumen which the son inherited. In the course of sympathetically criticizing Willard's creative writings, the father sensitively recognizes and makes evident Willard's natural drive toward the factual, toward literary scholarship, and toward teaching. Few sons have so justly perceptive and supportive a father. The deep mutual affection remained unbroken.

Not surprisingly, immediately upon graduation Willard sought employment as a journalist, and went to work as a reporter concurrently for the Omaha

Daily News
in Nebraska and the Sioux City Journal in Iowa. His papers show this simultaneity of employment, but fail to reveal the methods by which it was accomplished. Although he was enthusiastic about the work, and subsequent letters of recommendation from his editors were enthusiastic about him, he seems by 1913 to have been happy to return to the academy. He probably hoped to gain a fellowship to the Columbia University School of Journalism, but in the event accepted a fellowship from his alma mater, Wisconsin at Madison.

By 1914 Willard had received his M.A. from Wisconsin, and next Fall entered graduate English studies at Harvard. In 1915-1916 he was a University Scholar, living in Conant Hall, and for 1916-1917 he was awarded the Christopher M. Weld Scholarship. He wrote his dissertation--on Chaucer--under Professor G. L. Kittredge, and was granted his Ph.D. in 1917. In March of the same year he won from Harvard a Sheldon Fellowship, for educational travel abroad. The First War, however, interfered and in April the United States joined the Allies. In Spring of 1917 Farnham attempted to enter the Armed Forces, but was rejected because of poor eyesight. When conscription was enforced he was also rejected, but he continued to strive for an opening into the Services.

Meanwhile he had received offers of instructorships at two universities of which we have record, and accepted a post in the place he knew best, serving as Instructor at Madison for the academic year 1917-1918. During that year he continued his efforts to find a way into the Services, and at length was admitted into a Naval Aviation Service training program for non-flying officers. In June 1918 he was sent for training once more to Cambridge--to M.I.T.--and thereafter was posted to the base at Pensacola, Florida, where he was commissioned an Ensign.

Upon release from the Navy in summer 1919, he was able to take up his Sheldon Fellowship, upon which he travelled for a year in England, France and Italy--on Chaucer's tracks. Although by then he was nearing 30, a journal he kept during that Wanderjahr bubbles with almost-boyish exuberance--as well as with outline plots for novels and stories he presumably never wrote. Thereafter, however, he seems to have accepted his vocation to academia, and he returned from Europe in 1920 to an appointment as Associate Professor of English at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia.

The following year, on June 28, 1921, he married Corinne Cassard of Prince Frederick, Maryland. Willard continued for another two years at Washington and Lee, and in May 1922 Corinne bore their daughter, Diana Reynolds Farnham. In 1923 Willard first came to Berkeley as Associate Professor of English, a rank he held, in those years of slow promotion, until 1935, when he was raised to the Professorship. His early Berkeley years were tragically darkened, however, by the death of his wife in an

auto crash on the last day of 1926, at the outset of their projected sabbatical leave abroad together.

Farnham won special acclaim with his first major scholarly book, The Medieval Heritage of Elizabethan Tragedy, 1936. This was a survey of thought concerning the meaning and representation of tragic experience from Greco-Roman times to the Elizabethan theatrical efflorescence. It led from Aeschylus through neo-Platonism and the pessimism of the Middle Ages, the de Casibus dead end, to the fresh assault on the problem, embodied in the greatest dramatic achievements of the Age of Elizabeth. This was a ground-breaking study, the first attempt to survey an area so vast that no scholar nowadays would dare to touch more than a fraction of it. Willard mapped out the whole confusing domain, put it into intelligible order, and came out with a series of arresting formulations that even today, fifty years later, form the indispensable starting point for any exploration of their subject. Inevitably, this volume, about earlier Elizabethan tragedy, led up to a sequel on Shakespeare, Shakespeare's Tragic Frontier, in which Willard developed his own reading of the later tragedies especially, with their heroes “more deeply flawed” than those of the earlier tragedies.

Throughout his middle years, Farnham kept a busy life of professional activity: teaching, lecturing, graduate advising, committee work national and local, conference papers, learned articles, editorial duties, and administration. He was twice Chairman of his Department, 1949-50, 1952-55. In an intervening period he was a Visiting Lecturer at Harvard. He edited Hamlet, and, after retirement, Troilus and Cressida, and a collection of Twentieth Century Interpretations of Dr. Faustus. And, a dozen years later, he brought out his surprising but characteristic book, The Shakespeare Grotesque, containing chapters on Beautiful Deformity, Diabolic Grotesqueness: Thersites, Iago, and Caliban; and two chapters on Falstaff and the Monstrous. These are steeped in medieval background.

Upon retirement, he was at once appointed National Representative for the Woodrow Wilson Fellowship Foundation; and in that capacity visited many campuses with counsel and advice, shedding further distinction on his University by his personal influence. He was awarded by it the LL.D. in 1961, and the Berkeley Citation in 1969. He was welcomed as Visiting Professor at various universities in these years, by Chicago, Iowa, and his alma mater, Wisconsin.

Whatever he was called upon to do, Farnham's responses were characteristic and of a piece. His many interests and duties were not strictly divided into compartments, but flowed into one another, and blended comfortably in an amalgam of his own. He was an easy conversationalist, and his talk was filled with illustrative allusions, rising spontaneously to meet the chance remarks of a companion. The dropping of a suggestive cliché, like “playing the Devil's advocate,” could set in motion a train of relative instances in critical history, bouncing down the stream of recollection.


Characteristic of Farnham is an incident remembered by his companions on a tour in France. Their expedition took them to Moissac. After sightseeing, the others sought rest and refreshment, but Farnham's love for the medieval made him linger for a closer inspection of the details of the church. While he was being waited for, a sudden shower came up. When he rejoined the company, he was soaking wet. Why, they asked in surprise, had he not made for shelter? His answer was that he had sought it, but happened unluckily to take refuse under a gargoyle--which did what it was put there for in the first place.

Farnham's sense of humor was lively but charitable. The little ironies of the passing scene did not escape him; and these observed traits of nature would later be revivified in his stories. What was remarkable about them was that his enjoyment of the wiles or naive disclosures of human nature was never hostile nor cruel, but kindly and forbearing. He did not invent nor retail stories to provoke laughter, but recounted them from private observation, as reflections of experiences. It was the way people are. He was generous-hearted, even about silliness.

In earlier years, Farnham took much pleasure with congenial spirits in popular song. There was in Berkeley a group of Department colleagues, Professors Cline, Caldwell, Bruce, Bronson, Stewart, and Whipple, who all had an interest, part regional, part sociological, part literary, in the old West and its ways: the frontier life, the cowboys, the mining towns, the Gold Rush, the early railroads. These friends liked the songs that punctuated the pioneer days, and from time to time got together in concert to entertain themselves and their kindred. Farnham had a good tenor voice, and sang with gusto. Perhaps he was remembering his boyhood, for he had been born in Kansas, and kept affectionate recollections and a trace of his West Country traditions through life.

In May 1929 Willard married again. His second wife, Frances Fern Hicks, at the time of their marriage a graduate student in the Berkeley English Department, subsequently bore him two sons, Anthony Edward, and Nicholas Holt. All three children, and Fern, his widow, survive him.

Bertrand H. Bronson Jonas A. Barish Travis M. Bogard Charles W. Jones Brendon O. Hehir


Istvan Fary, Mathematics: Berkeley


Istvan was born on June 30, 1922, in Gyula, Hungary, a town of some 20,000 people on the Körös River near the southeast border of Romania. He obtained his Master's Degree at the University of Budapest and his Ph.D., in 1947, at the University of Szeged. He then left his homeland for Paris, to do research and prepare a Doctorat es Sciences at the Sorbonne, which he presented in 1955. He then left to teach at the University of Montreal, Canada, in which town he met and married Therese. In 1958 he joined the Department of Mathematics here, where he became a Full Professor in 1962. He passed away at his home in El Cerrito on Friday, November 2, 1984.

Istvan Fary's early mathematical work was geometric in nature. His most famous work (in 1949) can be explained to a non-mathematician. It concerns knots, that is, imbeddings of a circle in 3-dimensional space. A knot can be visualized as a tangled piece of rope with the ends tied together. For our purposes, two knotted pieces of rope are considered to be the same knot topologically if we can slide one around (without untying the ends) so that it looks identical to the other. The unknot refers to the round circle.

A given knot will have curvature at each point on the knot; the curvature is zero if the knot is straight at that point, and the curvature is large if the knot is quite bent at the point (we assume the knot is smoothly turning with no sharp angles). The total curvature of a knot is obtained by summing up (via integration) the local curvatures at each point of the knot. The round unknot (given by the equation x² + y² = 1) has total curvature 2π (corresponding in a sense to the fact that if one makes a full turn, one goes through an angle of 360° or 2π).

For a curve to be closed, it must have a total curvature greater than or equal to 2π (Fenchel's theorem). Fary proved that for a closed curve to make a knot it must have a total curvature greater than 4π.

This theorem combined a hypothesis about the total curvature, which varies as the knot is moved, and a conclusion about the knot, its knottedness,

which is independent of sliding or bending or other motions. Such theorems are relatively rare in mathematics and usually become famous. The theorem was independently proved by John Milnor and has been known as the Fary-Milnor theorem.

By the mid-1950s, Fary had turned to more algebraic mathematics, specifically algebraic topology. In this subject, one assigns various algebraic structures to topological or geometric objects, and then hopes to understand the objects better by proving theorems about their (supposedly simpler) algebraic structures. This was a very vigorous branch of mathematics and Fary shared in its many successes.

In the Hungarian tradition, Fary wrote several important papers on the geometry of convex bodies. His activity in recent years was centered around “algebraic stacks” and their possible applications to generalized circuit theory. Fary's last published paper went in a new direction, with an intriguing mix of probability and geometry.

Fary's mathematical career showed great originality and an unusual breadth of mathematics.

His dream was to share his discoveries in his homeland. After an absence of 36 years, he had been selected by the National Academy of Sciences, USA, to participate in an exchange with mathematicians from Hungary, starting January 1985. However, due to his untimely death, his dream was not realized.

As a colleague, his expert and broad knowledge of mathematics will be sorely missed, especially in view of the new applications of algebraic geometry to the description of the functioning of the nervous systems of animals.

As a teacher, Chairman Henkin remarked to one of us that Istvan was among the very best, being at all times concerned with reaching the student's intellect. He gave them all he could, teaching until his strength gave way three weeks before he died.

His attitude was always generous, taking people as they are, not as he would have wished them to be and never speaking ill of anyone.

His greatest love, above Mathematics, was his family; his wife and especially his daughter Kataline.

S. S. Chern R. J. DeVogelaere R. C. Kirby


Arnolfo Bartolomeo Ferruolo, Italian: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

With the death of Arnolfo B. Ferruolo on February 20, 1982, the University of California lost the services of a dedicated and distinguished teacher and a devoted friend. Arnolfo always gave selflessly of himself in sustaining others, both in personal and in academic matters. Even in the long months of the illness to which he was finally to succumb, his thoughts continued to go out to others. It was in keeping with the quiet dignity and courage with which he faced adversities of any sort that he remained uncomplaining until the very end.

The Berkeley campus was graced by his presence from 1957 when he was invited to be the chairman of the Italian Department. During his tenure he was for more than 15 years its exemplary and self-sacrificing chairman, building the Department into an academic unit whose prestige soon came to be recognized both at home and abroad. He came to us from Florence, by way of Harvard, where he taught from 1951 to 1956 and where some of us first knew him as his students. And in coming he brought with him the quintessence of urbane humanism in the richest sense of the expression. For he was at all times humane. And he believed--simply and profoundly--that as a teacher his first duty was to reveal the civilizing values of the literature, the philosophy, the history, and the arts that were his birthright and that he never ceased to cultivate. Yet his urbaneness, his cosmopolitanism, and his humaneness were not characteristics that marked him only when he went into the classroom or when he talked with his peers. Anyone who knew Arnolfo knew what civilized good-fellowship was. It was one of his happy traits to be able to talk with all kinds of people--colleagues, students, writers, waiters, shop clerks--without ever being anything other than himself, and with a willingness and an ability to learn from one and all that was as sincere as it is rare. His erudition was remarkable, and we do not say “formidable” only because he carried it so lightly that it is doubtful that anybody ever felt uncomfortable in talking to him. We were always learning from Arnolfo, even when we were not consciously aware of it.


But he did love to teach in a formal classroom setting too, to undergraduates and graduate students alike. His courses were among the most popular and most successful ever offered by the Department. And he would like to be remembered, we are sure, for such courses as Italian 40 (Introduction to the Civilization of Italy) and Italian 112 (The Renaissance), courses in which he would use his magnificent speaking voice in reading aloud from his authors and in interpreting them and other aspects of Italian culture from Dante and Giotto to Leonardo, Galileo, and Monteverdi, and on down to our own times. Here again, in the classroom as in his conversation with persons of all walks of life and on all topics--be it Botticelli or baseball--he possessed that natural and relaxed elegance said by Castiglione in The Book of the Courtier to be an indispensable component of the perfect courtier in whatever activity he happened to be engaged in. It was a book much loved by him, setting forth that splendid humanistic ideal whose relevance was explained to so many of us by Arnolfo for the first time. And it is the Renaissance, of course, that one thinks of most readily in connection with Arnolfo. Like Castiglione's courtier, his intellectual interests were vast, and it was in no way unusual to find him reading up on the American Civil War, or delving into modern Mexican literature, or becoming absorbed in the contemplation of the most recent trends of avant-garde art in Holland. Likewise, in relation to the rich heritage of the land of his birth--which he illustrated not only to the University community but also, lovingly and generously, to the Italian-American community of the Bay Area that so greatly esteemed him--his vision was not parochially limited to the ages of Dante and Machiavelli. He talked as sensitively and as insightfully of the 19th century Macchiaioli painters, of Pope Pius X and of Alberto Moravia as he did of Lorenzo, Julius II, and Tasso. But it was the Renaissance authors, artists, and thinkers with whom he communed most willingly and as a fraternal spirit. They were living presences for him, and it was his great gift to make them living presences for others.

Arnolfo knew the darker side of the Renaissance, too, and he did not try to hide it from his students. And he knew that the Renaissance age had its sense of limits; that it had its doubts and a strain of profound melancholy. One had but to hear him recite a stanza of the Gerusalemme liberata on the vanity of human endeavor or on man's over-reaching grasp, or the opening pages of The Book of the Courtier itself where Castiglione, even as he recalls the great virtues of the men and women he will revive as the speakers in his book, grieves over their passing--one had but to hear him read such passages to realize how deeply he felt and lived this existential side of our lives. Even so, he had a faith that the humanistic ideal would prevail and that man can rightly be celebrated. For him, even man's anguish, when given utterance in the serene form of art, could be a celebration of man's spiritual grandeur. So while we must of course lament the passing

of our friend and teacher, in remembering him we are also bound to celebrate him and the humanistic values that he championed with his inimitable quality of gentle eloquence.

Arnolfo leaves his wife, Clorinda, of Berkeley, and a sister in Florence.

Nicolas J. Perella Charles Muscatine Piero Mustacchi Ruggero Stefanini


Dan Milton Finch, Transportation Engineering: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Dan Finch died February 21, 1982, while on a vacation sea cruise on the Golden Odyssey with a University of California, Berkeley Alumni group. The ship had completed its trip through the Panama Canal, a portion of the cruise to which he had looked forward ever since 1970 when he completed a study for the Panama Canal Company on a fog lighting plan for the canal. This is one example to illustrate the impact that Finch had on the daily lives of people around the world, through his research in lighting.

Professor Finch was born in San Francisco June 3, 1915. He completed high school and Junior College in Orange County and graduated in 1937 from the University of California, Berkeley with a B.S. in Electrical Engineering.

Before joining the Berkeley faculty in 1945, he worked for Technicolor Motion Pictures, Kinner Airplane Motors, Paramount Pictures, Inc., and the Division of Motor Vehicles, State of California.

From 1945 to 1956, Finch was a faculty member of the Department of Electrical Engineering. In 1956, his courses in illumination engineering were shifted to the Transportation and Traffic Engineering program of the Civil Engineering Department. He then joined the staff of the Institute of Transportation and Traffic Engineering.

His research efforts with the Institute made significant contributions to the illumination of California streets and highways and to the design of vehicle illumination and driver visibility. With Professor Horonjeff, he conducted also an effective research program for the Federal Aviation Administration. His research on runway lighting contributed to the safety of night landings and those in fog conditions. The “Fogchamber” at the Richmond Field Station, operated under his direction, played a significant role in the development of current lighting standards. The centerline lighting concept and practice in common use throughout the world resulted from

his research. Finch also directed his research to other aspects of transport. His work on vehicle noise, particularly associated with standards for measurement, provided guidelines for agencies throughout the United States and the world.

More than 100 publications resulted from his endeavors, and he was widely sought as a consultant in the fields of illumination and transport noise.

Professor Finch's contributions were recognized by the posthumous award of the Romaine Myers Award, for excellence and dedicated effort to the field of illumination, by the Golden Gate Section of the Illumination Engineering Society. He was a Fellow of the Illuminating Engineering Society (of the U.S.A.), and a member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the Optical Society of America, the Society of Automotive Engineers and the International Convention on Illumination.

After his retirement from the University in 1972, he continued his activity in Electrical and Photometric development and research through the Industrial Testing Laboratory, of which he was owner and manager.

Professor Finch is survived by his wife Norma, a son Richard, a daughter Mary Ann and two grandchildren. He is missed by his family and by the California transport engineering community as well.

Carl L. Monismith Harmer E. Davis


Hugo Breed Fischer, Civil Engineering: Berkeley


Hugo Breed Fischer died on 22 May 1983 in a sail plane accident when his plane and another collided near Bridgeport, California, during a competition. He was born in Lakehurst, New Jersey, on 17 March 1937, the son of Captain and Mrs. Hugo Carl Fischer. He married his wife, Frances, in 1962. Their two children are Gavin, born in 1969, and Mirren, born in 1975.

Fischer received three degrees in science from the California Institute of Technology: B.S. (honors) in 1958, M.S. in 1963, and Ph.D. in 1966. He served as Lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force from 1958 until 1962, performing civil engineering duties and acquiring the intense delight in flying which ultimately led to his death.

His main interest in civil engineering was mixing processes in rivers, lakes, bays and the ocean from the standpoint of assuring the quality of natural bodies of water. He quickly won national and international recognition as a leader in this field. For this work, he was awarded the Lorenz Straub Gold Medal (1966) and three honors from the American Society of Civil Engineers: the J. James R. Croes Gold Medal (1969), the Karl Emil Hilgard Hydraulic Prize (1971), the Walter L. Huber Civil Engineering Research Prize (1974).

The University of California appointed Fischer to an assistant professorship in civil engineering in 1966, and he was promoted rapidly: to Associate Professor in 1970 and to Professor in 1974. He was active in academic administration, being in charge of the Hydraulics Laboratory (1971-74), Group Head of Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering, and Chairman of the division of Sanitary, Environmental, Coastal and Hydraulic Engineering (1981-83). His service on University committees included the Academic Senate Committee on Research (two terms), the Committee on Educational Policy, and the University-wide Coordinating Board of the Water Resources Center. He worked closely with students on their research, and they were found frequently in his home. Collaborations with colleagues led to the

first textbook for a graduate course in mixing processes, Mixing in Inland and Coastal Waters, of which he was senior author, and to his editorship of symposium proceedings, Transport Models for Inland and Coastal Waters.

A prolific researcher, Fischer published more than 75 papers and reports on the dispersion of pollutants in rivers and estuaries. In recent years, he was very active in studies of direct importance to the State of California, specifically on the impact of a San Joaquin Valley drain on salinities in the western Delta, the flushing of south San Francisco Bay, flow and transport models of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, and salinity models of the San Francisco Bay-Delta Estuary System. His students and family well remember countless cold hours spent with him in dinghies moored on California waterways. During sabbatical leaves he was a NATO Fellow at Cambridge University (1970-71) and Visiting Scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1977).

He was active in professional societies, being a member of several committees of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the International Association for Hydraulic Research, and the American Geophysical Union. He was also a member of Sigma Xi and consultant to the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, California State Water Resources Control Board, and the California Department of Water Resources. His international efforts on behalf of adequate and safe water supplies included service as a consultant to the United Nations Development Program in Pune, India, and studies of the resources of the Okavango Delta in Botswana for the Ford Foundation.

Fischer was preparing to take sabbatical leave at the University of Karlsruhe in Germany at the time of his sudden death. With this sabbatical in mind, his daily jog through the Berkeley hills to his office was, for him, an opportunity to listen to German language tapes on his Walkman. Frequently, however, the language tapes were replaced by his beloved Wagner. He was an opera fan who corrected examination papers to the strains of the Ride of the Valkyrie, and avidly supported the San Francisco and Berkeley Opera Companies.

Robert L. Wiegel Geraldine Clifford James K. Mitchell


Stanley E. Flanders, Biological Control: Riverside

Professor of Emeritus
Entomologist in the Experiment Station

Dr. Stanley E. Flanders, Professor of Biological Control, Emeritus, died June 7, 1984, at the age of 90. He was born in Chula Vista, California, January 4, 1894, and died at Mt. McGill Covenant Village, Spring Valley, only about two miles from the house in which he was born.

Stan moved with his family to Tilton, New Hampshire, in 1900 when he was about 6 years old. He attended primary and secondary school there, moving back to Chula Vista in 1913. He graduated from National City High School, National City (adjacent to Chula Vista), California, in 1915. Stan started classes at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1917, obtaining his A.B. degree in zoology from there in 1923 and his Ph.D. degree in entomology in 1935.

He served in the United States Army from October, 1917, to July, 1919, attaining the rank of Second Lieutenant.

Stan began his studies in entomology at the University of California, Berkeley, in January, 1922. His first full-time employment in entomology was as entomologist for the Saticoy Walnut Growers Association, Saticoy (Ventura County), California, in 1923-24. Prior to enrolling in graduate studies at the University, he served as parasite collector at the U.C. Citrus Experiment Station in Riverside during 1929-32 and as Associate there during 1932-36. Stan was appointed Assistant Entomologist in the Division of Beneficial Insect Investigations (forerunner of the Department of Biological Control) in 1936 and advanced through the successive steps to Entomologist and Professor in Biological Control in 1951. He retired June 30, 1959, after 30 years with the University.

Stan married Hilma Louise Magnusson in December, 1923, in Pomona, California. They lived on a small citrus acreage in Riverside at 957 Massachusetts Street from 1935 until 1971 when they moved to Lake San Marcos in San Diego County. In August, 1980, they moved to Spring Valley where Hilma died in October, 1981, at the age of 87. During 58 years of marriage, Hilma

often accompanied Stan on his foreign exploration trips and research assignments in other countries.

Professor Flanders specialized in research on entomophagous insects and their utilization in the control of insect pests of agricultural crops in California. He was world renowned as an authority on the biology of parasitic Hymenoptera. One of his most important contributions was the discovery during the 1930s of the complex host relationships of several species of Aphelinidae, micro-Hymenoptera which parasitize insect scales and mealybugs. The immature stages of the two sexes of aphelinid species were found to differ markedly, both morphologically and biologically; males often develop as parasites of their sisters. This discovery ranked in importance with that of polyembryony in parasitic insects, demonstrated dramatically by Marchal in France in the 1890s. Stan's discovery had a very practical application in that it permitted successful development of methods of mass rearing and field colonization of many imported species that previously had defied efforts to effect their establishment. Stan also was the first to recognize the adaptive nature of ovisorption in the economy of many Hymenoptera. In later years his interests extended to the subjects of sex and caste determination in the honey bee and other social insects, sex determination in parasitic insects, and to population dynamics. He made important contributions to science in each of these fields.

In his recommendation for promotion of Dr. Flanders to Entomologist, Professor Harry Scott Smith, Chairman, Division of Beneficial Insect Investigations, wrote the following in October, 1946: “He (Flanders) is the leading authority in the world on the biology of the parasitic Hymenoptera, by far the most important group of insects concerned with biological control of pests, the principal responsibility of this Division. Some of his contributions, such as the discovery that males of several groups of parasitic Hymenoptera develop only on other parasites and not on the primary host insect, and that the sex ratio of parasites can be regulated by manipulation of their physical environment, have been almost revolutionary and have been of inestimable practical value in the mass production of beneficial insects. He has originality and initiative and is a hard worker, being one of the most productive entomologists in the country.”

Stan was a prolific writer in a wide range of subjects. By the time he retired, he had published 167 scientific papers of a technical nature and more than 100 papers of semi-technical or popular content. He published an additional 36 papers after retirement, most being technical in nature. His first publication was in 1924 in the Journal of Economic Entomology, the last in 1978 in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America. His failing eyesight in the last few years of life ended this facet of his professional career.

Recognition of Professor Flanders' research contributions was evidenced by his election in 1937 as “Fellow” of the Entomological Society of America and his selection as its representative to the A.A.A.S. (American Association for the Advancement of Science)

Council in 1940, and by his election as President of the Entomology Club of Southern California in 1951. In 1955, Stan received a Fulbright fellowship to Italy where he delivered a series of lectures at the University of Naples. In 1956, he was special consultant to the Colombian National Federation of Coffee Growers, and to the National Institute of Agricultural Technology of Argentina in 1958. Stan presented invitational papers at the Fourth, Tenth, and Eleventh International Congresses on Entomology. In 1961 Professor Flanders was recognized for his scholarly achievements by being selected as the Tenth Annual Research Lecturer, University of California, Riverside. His lecture was entitled The Parasitic Hymenoptera, Specialists in Population Regulation.

In the applied phase of biological control, Stan's contributions were outstanding. He traveled to Australia in 1931, South China in 1953-54, and Brazil in 1958 to search for natural enemies of insect pests for importation into California. In January, 1965, he travelled to Hong Kong at his own expense to obtain a live culture of a specific parasite of California red scale which he had collected there during his earlier trip. Stan was responsible for the development of many ingenious techniques and equipment for economical mass production in the insectary of numerous species of parasites for practical mass release programs that have since become widely practiced in countries throughout the world, the most notable example being the mass production and release of Trichogramma spp. for control of lepidopterous pests.

Stan was a member of the Entomological Society of America, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Ecological Society of America, International Union for Study of Social Insects, Western Society of Naturalists, and Sigma Xi. He was a member of the Editorial Board of the Annals and the Journal of Economic Entomology during 1937-39 and 1946-51, respectively, and was Vice President of the Entomological Society of America in 1950-51.

Stan and Hilma donated 65 acres of land to Riverside County in 1974 to help create the Box Springs Regional Park, a natural area adjacent to Riverside and the Campus.

Stan is survived by an adopted son, Philip; a sister, Harriet; and a brother, Raymond. His accomplishments and his life, especially his enthusiasm, warmth, sincerity, and originality, will be long remembered by friends and colleagues everywhere.

G. Gordh T. W. Fisher C. A. Fleschner E. F. Legner R. F. Luck J. A. McMurtry E. R. Oatman


Francis Seeley Foote, Civil Engineering: Berkeley

Professor of Railroad Engineering, Emeritus

Francis Foote was born in Brooklyn, New York, on March 31, 1883, and died in Berkeley, California, on July 30, 1976. He graduated in 1905 from Columbia University with the degree Engineer of Mines. Before joining the College of Civil Engineering of Berkeley in 1912 as Associate Professor of Railroad Engineering, he worked for the New York Central Railroad (1906-07), taught surveying at Columbia University (1907-10), and taught railway engineering at the University of Illinois (1910-12).

When Foote arrived on the Berkeley campus he noted that “Dean Derleth (then Dean of the College of Civil Engineering) took me to California Hall to meet President Wheeler,... the President's office was on the second floor... in the southeast corner. Adjacent to it, on the south side of the building, was the room where faculty meetings were held. The comptroller's office and recorder's office were on the same floor.”

Foote was responsible for teaching the courses in railroad engineering, route surveying (originally called railroad surveying), the freshman course in plane surveying, and geodetic surveying. In addition he gave general direction to the freshman surveying courses and the surveying summer camp, which was discontinued in 1941 because of World War II.

The Summer School of Surveying, an important part of the Civil Engineering program prior to World War II, was conducted at Swanton, on Scott Creek between Davenport and Santa Cruz, until 1924. As he recounted, at this site four permanent buildings had been constructed, although the students and instructors lived in tents. Initial access to the camp was by means of rail and horse-drawn wagons. Later, trucks, rented in Santa Cruz, replaced the wagons as the mode of access from the rail line.

In 1925, the Surveying Camp was moved to Marin County on land owned by the Marin County Water District. The site was about two miles from Fairfax on what had been part of the original county road from Fairfax to Bolinas but which had been moved when Alpine Dam was constructed. This camp was used until 1941. The alumni who participated in the Summer

Surveying Camps agree that they were an important part of the Civil Engineering program. They developed a strong esprit among students and close rapport between faculty and students; lifelong friendships resulted from living and working together at Swanton and near Fairfax. It shows a remarkable dedication on Foote's part that these camps were his responsibility for 28 years!

Professor Foote was the co-author with R. E. Davis and W. H. Raynor of two widely used texts in surveying, one entitled Surveying Theory and Practice, the other Elements of Surveying. His notes on the mass diagram are still used today by the faculty teaching surveying and transportation-engineering courses.

In 1946, when the School of Forestry was started on the Berkeley campus under the chairmanship of Walter Mulford, Foote was appointed to the Forestry faculty as a representative of the Department of Engineering.

In 1913 he married Margaret L. Kingsbury, who provided eyes when, following his retirement in 1954, he lost his vision. Margaret read extensively to him until her death in 1961. Foote is survived by two sons, Francis S., Jr., of Yountville, and John K. of Saratoga, together with seven grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.

Foote is representative of the dedicated faculty that have served the University since its inception. His period of service from 1912-1954, 42 continuous years, span a most interesting period in the University's development as an outstanding institution. He is well remembered by the Civil Engineering students with whom he came in contact during this long period.

C. L. Monismith H. E. Davis F. H. Moffitt


Walter Friedlander, Social Welfare: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

On December 20, 1984, a heart attack ended the life of Professor Walter Friedlander, who, over a long career, achieved international distinction. He is survived by his daughter, Dr. Dorothee (Friedlander) Mindlin, a psychologist, and two grandchildren, Marcel and Melanie Mindlin. Friedlander's wife, Li, predeceased him in 1977.

Friedlander was born on September 20, 1891, in Berlin, Germany, to Hugo and Ernestine (Lichtenstein) Friedlander. The father, an accountant by profession, would take his son to meetings of the German Pacifist Society, of which he was a founder. He was a Quaker, whence originated Friedlander's own lifelong association with the Friends. Another influence was an uncle, Hugo Haase, who was an attorney, a public defender of the poor, a leader in the Independent Socialist Party, and eventually a Reichstag deputy. He inspired the young Friedlander to study law and generated in him an enduring concern for the socially and economically deprived.

After graduating from Berlin's Falk Real Gymnasium, Friedlander entered the University of Berlin and in 1913 was awarded the Bachelor of Laws (LL.B). World War I interrupted further studies. Friedlander was conscripted and served on the administrative staff of a Prisoner of War Camp in Germany. Released from military service, he married Li Bergman of Berlin in 1919 and resumed studies, soon earning the Ph.D. (1920).

In 1921, on passing the law examinations, Friedlander was admitted to the Berlin Bar. He practiced law briefly, when he was appointed to a post in the Potsdam Juvenile Court. Soon thereafter he was elected to the Berlin City Council from one of the city's largest and poorest districts. Accordingly, he was assigned supervision over child welfare. In that capacity he instituted innovative programs serving the needs of unemployed youth, juvenile delinquents, and children of employed and incapacitated mothers. Some of the programs attracted social workers from other countries, who came to observe them. Simultaneously he also served on the faculty of the Berlin School of Social Work, first as Lecturer and later as Associate Professor.


In 1933, with the advent to power of Hitler's National Socialist Party, Friedlander's career as a public servant ended. As a member of the Weimar government, he was persona non grata in the Third Reich. As his daughter describes it, when the Nazi police came to his office to arrest him, he was attending a meeting elsewhere. His co-workers managed to get word to him on his way back not to return to the office. He turned around and never did go back. Soon thereafter he managed to travel with his wife and daughter to Switzerland. Then he went to France where he became Executive Director of the Paris-based Social and Legal Services to German Refugees.

When Friedlander had been in Berlin, among the visitors coming to observe his programs were Grace Abbott, head of the U.S. Children's Bureau, and Sophonisba Breckenridge, Professor at the University of Chicago's School of Social Service Administration (SSA). They called his work to the attention of Edith Abbott, Dean of SSA. Through the Chicago School's sponsorship, Friedlander obtained a lectureship at the University of Chicago, enabling him to enter the United States with his family in 1936.

In 1943 Professor Harry Cassidy, Chairman of our Department of Social Welfare, invited Friedlander to the Berkeley Campus. His initial appointment was as Lecturer, from which he progressed to Associate Professor (1948), Professor (1955), and Emeritus Professor (1959).

Among Friedlander's courses at Berkeley was an undergraduate survey course covering the broad field of social welfare. It was the origin of his popular book, Introduction to Social Welfare (Prentice-Hall, 1955). His publications in the form of books, monographs, articles, and book reviews, number just short of 200. Among them the Introduction is the best known and has been republished in five editions, the last in 1980 (with Dr. Robert Apte as co-author). It has been translated into 10 foreign languages and is probably the most widely adopted introductory text in undergraduate colleges and professional schools in this and other countries.

Friedlander will be remembered for his efforts to counteract parochialism in social-work education. As a teacher, writer, practitioner, and community leader he stressed that social welfare is an international phenomenon. For years he offered a seminar on international social welfare. He was a founder of the International Conference of Social Welfare and a member of the International Association of Schools of Social Work. He chaired the Commission on International Social Work of the local chapter of the National Association of Social Workers, which met regularly in his home.

Friedlander enjoyed a long retirement, during which he produced two books, Individualism and Social Welfare (Free Press, 1962) and International Social Welfare (Prentice-Hall, 1975). He continued his teaching as Visiting Professor, first at Michigan State University (1959-60), and then at the University of Minnesota (1963-64). And he continued his voluminous

world-wide professional correspondence. He worked till the end. In the morning of the day he died, he came, as he did each Thursday, to Haviland Hall to read the incoming letters and dictate his responses.

Honors came to our colleague in his lifetime. Among these were: a Fullbright Teaching Fellowship at the Free University of West Berlin (1956); the Great Cross of Merit and the Marie Juchacz Medal (1976), both from the German Federal Republic, for his contributions to the development of German social services; “Social Worker of the Year Award” of the National Association of Social Workers, Golden Gate Chapter (1971); and “Outstanding Social Worker” Citation of the Oakland (California) City Council (1978). In 1984 his friends and colleagues created “The Walter Friedlander Fund to Promote Education in International Social Welfare.” The Fund sponsors, among other projects, an annual lecture at Berkeley by someone who has contributed significantly to international social welfare.

With his numerous international contacts, Friedlander was for social workers a link to their fellow professionals abroad. His articles written for American and European journals described and interpreted developments in social welfare on one continent for readers living on the other. Foreign social workers traveling on the West Coast of the United States invariably found their way to the home of Walter and Li Friedlander, who hosted them and introduced them to their American counterparts. All who participated will long remember those soirées of enlightening discussion.

Ernest Greenwood Milton Chernin Harry Specht


William Francis Giauque, Chemistry: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

The death of William Francis Giauque, 1949 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, on March 28, 1982, ended the career of one of Berkeley's most illustrious scientists. His 66-year association with U.C. Berkeley--unbroken by leave, sabbatical leave, or absences other than short illnesses and summer vacations--comprised six years as a student, 40 years as a regular faculty member, 15 years as Professor Emeritus recalled to active service, and five years as Professor Emeritus.

Giauque's output of meticulous, exhaustively-complete, experimental investigations of the properties of chemical substances was prodigious. It involved some 98 chemical substances and resulted in 180 publications (not including eight book reviews and two biographies) variously co-authored with 57 different collaborators, 51 of whom received graduate degrees under Giauque's direction. His experimental researches typically were definitive; improvements upon even his early values for thermophysical properties have come only through evolutionary refinements in technique. His researches also produced such land-mark achievements as the invention of adiabatic demagnetization, the discovery of isotopes of oxygen, the tests that definitively established the third law of thermodynamics, the refinement of procedures for the routine application of statistical mechanics to problems in chemical thermodynamics, and many pioneering techniques for research at very low temperatures. It was his “... achievements in the field of chemical thermodynamics and especially his work on the behavior of matter at very low temperatures and his closely allied studies of entropy...” that were cited by the Nobel Committee for Chemistry in awarding him the prize in 1949.

Although renowned for the quality of researches, the constancy of Giauque's commitment to classroom teaching was no less remarkable. Beginning with his appointment as instructor in 1922, he taught a discussion-laboratory section of the freshman chemistry class in every semester for 34 consecutive years. In 1926, G. N. Lewis assigned him the responsibility for teaching

the college's course in Advanced Physical Chemistry (taken mainly by graduate students and a few undergraduate honor students). Giauque taught that course every spring semester thereafter until his nominal retirement in June, 1962. In 1943, he also assumed the responsibility for a section of Chemical Thermodynamics (for graduate and undergraduate honor students) and taught it every fall semester until 1962. From 1945 on for some 15 years he served as adviser for Letters and Science students majoring in chemistry.

In the course of preparing obituaries for G. N. Lewis and W. M. Latimer, Giauque was frustrated by the difficulty in obtaining information concerning their formative years. With his characteristic passion for order and foresight, he set down notes dealing with his own early life. We have drawn upon and paraphrased those notes and combined them with other source material in the following.

Giauque was born May 12, 1895 in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, the eldest of the two sons and daughter of William Tecumseh Sherman Giauque and Isabella Jane (Duncan) Giauque. William Tecumseh Sherman Giauque had been born an American citizen; thus, under the laws of that time, William Francis Giauque was born an American citizen in Canada.

Neither of Giauque's parents completed a formal high school education. The father, expert with tools, skilled as a carpenter and cabinet maker, and adept at mechanical procedures in general, attempted to become an electrical engineer through correspondence school coursework but was frustrated by rapidly increasing family responsibilities. He was employed variously as weighmaster and station agent for the Michigan Central Railroad. Giauque felt that he acquired his mechanical and scientific bent from his father.

The mother declined the urging of her parents to attend high school (remote from the family home) and opted for intensive training in sewing and tailoring. She worked in a custom tailoring shop prior to marriage.

The father died when Giauque was 13, leaving the family with meager financial resources that had to be supplemented with part-time and summer jobs by all members. Mrs. Giauque accepted part-time employment as seamstress for the family of Dr. J. W. Beckman, who had been transferred to Niagara Falls by American Cyanamid Company. A strong bond of friendship developed between Mrs. Giauque and Mrs. Beckman. That bond played a pivotal role in Giauque's career.

To his mother's consternation, Giauque made a youthfully head-strong decision upon entering high school that he would prepare for gainful employment as soon as possible; he elected the two-year business course rather than the five-year college-preparatory course. Unable to change his mind and distraught that he would forego a college education because of financial pressure, Mrs. Giauque enlisted the help of Mrs. (Gertrude Wheeler)

Beckman. Giauque often described to his students the long walk he took with Mrs. Beckman in the course of which she contrasted for him the experiences of her brothers. One had foregone a college education; a second, Charles Stetson Wheeler, graduated from U.C. Berkeley with the Class of 1884, had a highly successful career as an attorney, and served as a Regent of U.C. from 1902 to 1907 (he also served from 1911 to 1923). Giauque ultimately switched to the college-preparatory curriculum with electrical engineering as his goal. The search for employment upon graduation from high school led him by chance, to the Hooker Electrochemical Company where, in the course of two years of employment, he became fascinated with chemistry. Chemical engineering became his new goal.

The Beckmans had been transferred to Berkeley, and when Mrs. Giauque wrote of Giauque's decision to enter chemical engineering, Mrs. Beckman wrote of her husband's admiration for the work that G. N. Lewis and his colleagues were doing at Berkeley. The contrast between tuition costs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the total fees of $10 per semester at Berkeley persuaded Giauque to move to Berkeley and enroll at U.C. He persuaded the rest of the family to join him when his brother and sister entered college.

Giauque graduated in 1920 with a B.S. in chemistry (highest honors). He included 32 units of engineering coursework in the 132 units submitted for the B.S. He continued graduate work in chemistry and received the Ph.D. in chemistry (with a minor in physics) in 1922 with thesis work supervised by G. E. Gibson.

Giauque weighed the faculty appointment proffered by G. N. Lewis with ambivalence for several months because he still harbored hopes of applying his scientific training to engineering problems. The excellence of the environment for research that Lewis had created persuaded Giauque that the opportunity to join Lewis's group merited the sacrifice of his engineering ambitions.

Giauque interacted extensively with R. T. Birge during his graduate work and in his early days on the faculty. He acquired thereby an understanding of the application of the rapidly developing quantum mechanics to the spectroscopy of diatomic molecules and the calculation of the absolute entropy of any gas of diatomic molecules for which the spectra had been analyzed. He realized that for such a substance, he had an absolute reference with which he could compare calorimetric values of entropy and thus achieve a more definitive test of the third law of thermodynamics than had theretofore been possible.

It was the use of the spectra of diatomic molecules that led to the discovery of oxygen isotopes. While the spectra of O216 gave an entropy in agreement with the calorimetric measurements, there were some faint lines in the oxygen spectra that remained unexplained. Giauque never left

anything unexplained if he thought it might be significant. After extended consideration of various possibilities, it occurred to him that the faint lines could arise from the isotopic molecules O16-O18. But the authority on isotopes, Aston had investigated oxygen and concluded that only O16 existed. Unawed by Aston's authority, Giauque calculated the frequencies for an O16-O18 molecule and found agreement with the unexplained faint lines reported. However, his calculations predicted a number of additional lines of comparable intensity. He wrote to Babcock, whose spectra he was using, asserting that there were other lines that should have been reported. Indeed there were, but Babcock had not associated them with the oxygen spectrum. The picture was now complete, and Giauque announced the discovery of O18 and later of O17.

The discovery of adiabatic demagnetization similarly arose from Giauque's broad scientific interests as well as his keen and innovative mind. Another Berkeley colleague, Nelson W. Taylor, was interested in magnetism and persuaded Giauque to collaborate in a seminar on the thermodynamics of magnetism. A report from Leiden on the low-temperature magnetic susceptibility of Gd2(SO4)3•8H20 became available at that time and Giauque applied to those data the equations he had just developed. He was startled to see that readily available magnetic fields could remove large amounts of entropy from this or similar paramagnetic materials at very low but currently accessible temperatures. With a large entropy change, he saw at once that he had available a refrigerator capable of producing still lower temperatures.

Giauque combined a bulldog-like tenacity in attacking a problem with a seemingly infinite capacity for detail to exploit his knowledge of both quantum mechanics and engineering in carrying out his researches. His flair for and continuing interest in engineering was reflected in his personal design and development of the liquefiers, magnets, and calorimeters needed to execute his researches and in his stated preference to work “... on a semi-pilot plant scale...” The number and quality of his researches earned him many honors including the Charles Frederick Chandler Foundation Medal, Sc.D. (Columbia University), Elliott Cresson Medal of the Franklin Institute, Faculty Research Lecturer (University of California, Berkeley), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Willard Gibbs Medal of the American Chemical Society, Gilbert Newton Lewis Award of the California Section of the American Chemical Society, Honorary Member of Phi Lambda Upsilon, Gilbert N. Lewis Memorial Lecturer, and LL.D. (U.C. Berkeley).

In addition to the researches that produced the refereed publications cited above, Giauque directed an engineering program during World War II that designed and built a mobile liquid-oxygen generating plant. Heat exchangers designed in that program were the forerunners of giant units now used world-wide in the efficient liquefaction of natural gas.


Muriel Frances Ashley, B.S., chemistry, U.C., 1922, had been a longstanding friend of both Giauque's sister and mother, but it was only after she returned to Berkeley for her graduate work in physics that he displayed any interest in her. On the day that she filed her Ph.D. thesis in 1932, she and Giauque were married. The union produced two sons, William Francis Ashley Giauque and Robert David Ashley Giauque, and four grandchildren. Muriel became an accomplished botanist--for many years studying fern spores collected for her by a worldwide network of friends. Although characteristically stinting in direct praise to her, it was obvious to those who knew him that Giauque was intensely proud of her accomplishments. Mrs. Giauque died on July 28, 1981.

Giauque projected a no-nonsense, strictly-business image that students sometimes found forbidding--until the image was betrayed by an intrinsically keen sense of humor and a love for story telling (which could be disconcerting to someone on a tight schedule who approached him for a minor decision.) He characteristically stated his opinions and positions forcefully, defended them strongly, and changed them reluctantly. He was immune to any pressure to conform to social fads. He neither smoked tobacco nor drank alcoholic beverages--not because of moral objections but simply because he didn't like the taste of either. For years he did not own an automobile, succumbing to family pressures to buy one only after being awarded the Nobel Prize in 1949. Even then, he refused to learn to drive, and Muriel was his faithful chauffeur until her terminal illness overwhelmed her.

The hallmark of his existence was his love of science and research and his devotion to the University of California. Except for the period of World War II, his years consisted of a 10+ month period in Berkeley with at least a six-week sojourn in July and August at his summer place on the Russian River, boating, swimming, gardening, and carpentering. He often declaimed to new acquaintances that most people tolerate a job they dislike for over eleven months a year so that they can spend three weeks doing what they really loved to do whereas he came home from his vacation to spend the next ten months doing what he really loved.

D. N. Lyon K. S. Pitzer D. A. Shirley


Ernest M. Gold, Internal Medicine: Davis

Executive Associate Dean, School of Medicine

Ernest M. (Ernie) Gold was Professor of Internal Medicine and Executive Associate Dean of the University of California, Davis School of Medicine when he died. Born in Chicago, Illinois, he had done his undergraduate and medical training at Wayne State University in Detroit, his internship and residency in medicine at the Los Angeles County Hospital, and further postgraduate training in endocrinology at the University of California, San Francisco. He began his academic career at the UCLA School of Medicine and left there to become Chief of the Endocrine Section at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine. In 1971, he came to the University of California School of Medicine at Davis. He joined the Dean's Office of the School of Medicine in 1980 as Associate Dean for Student Affairs. When Dr. Morton Levitt, then Acting Dean of the School of Medicine, died suddenly, Ernie Gold was appointed Acting Dean. He served in that office until the new dean was appointed, and continued to serve the School as Executive Associate Dean until his death.

Ernie Gold's career as a scholar was lively and productive, particularly in the fields of adrenal disease and diabetes. He served on the National Institutes of Health Study Section on Endocrinology over a period of 14 years, was National Chairman of the Veterans Administration Endocrine Cooperative Study, and was active in the American Federation for Clinical Research. Characteristically for him, his academic pursuits translated themselves concurrently into public service, as he served as officer or member of diabetes associations in Southern California, Northern California, Sacramento, and on scientific advisory panels for the American Diabetes Association, the American Medical Association, and the California Diabetes Control Advisory Committee. His personal warmth and concern were evident to the thousands of diabetics with whom he interacted in these organizations, as well as those for whom he personally cared as their physician.

His concern and affection for medical students, many of whom he “adopted,” was extraordinary. Even after his period as Associate Dean

for Student Affairs was ended, students would gravitate to his office for counseling, advice, or just to talk. They went away comforted, enlightened, and feeling as if they were very important. It was this, even more than his service on student-oriented committees such as the Admissions Committee, the Committee on Educational Policy, the Third Year Clerkship Committee in Medicine (of which he was chairman), that endeared him to students in the School of Medicine.

Ernie's last two years in the service of the School and University were turbulent ones, with the widely publicized difficulties at the University Medical Center in Sacramento requiring enormous amounts of his time and energy. His constancy, uncommon common sense, unerring commitment to doing what was right rather than what was expedient, and trust in the strength of the faculty and School made him the strong center from which restitution and regrowth occurred. He had an infectious calmness and competence, and conveyed the sense that if we all worked hard enough, thought clearly enough, and did what was right, everything would come out in the end.

Ernie Gold felt deeply about his scholarship, his patients, his students, his colleagues, his School, and his University. He took immense pride, also, in his family, his wife, Anita, his sons, Michael, Daniel, and Robert, and his daughter, Sandy. His last year was brightened by the birth of his granddaughter, Ruth. He was a rare man.

James J. Castles Faith T. Fitzerald Lowell D. Wilson


Hugh Joseph Gray, Theater Arts: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

It was his reputation and experience as a screenwriter that first brought Hugh Joseph Gray to the young Department of Theater Arts in 1952 for a part-time appointment to teach the single course in Writing for the Screen. Then, following another round of assignments in the film industry, he returned in 1955 a full-time faculty member at UCLA. “Full-time” seems hardly an adequate phrase to apply to the career of this colleague whose learning, creative output, and inspiration to generations of students call for more than one lifetime.

Hugh was born in Liverpool in 1900. On completing his high school preparation in humanities, mathematics, history and classical and contemporary foreign languages, he began an awesome series of studies at some of the great centers of learning in England and on the continent. Between 1919 and 1930 he was in attendance at the Dominican Theological College of St. Thomas Aquinas at Rugeley, Staffordshire; at the University of Louvain in Belgium with simultaneous enrollment in the Dominican Theological College in Louvain; and subsequently at Oxford University in the Honours School of Modern Languages, with a side excursion to study Italian at the University of Perugia. His course work in these centers consisted of Philosophy in its various categories, including Aristotelian, Sacred Scripture covering some archaeology, several kinds of history, both Ecclesiastical and secular, historical method, medieval French and Arthurian Studies, and the usual range of classical and contemporary foreign languages that once made up the background of the broadly-educated man. Officially ordained in 1926 as a Dominican priest, Father Gray applied for laicization in 1933 and later married Barbara Church whom he had met at Oxford.

Hugh embarked on a temporal life that never lost its touch with the spirit. His abundant professional achievements as a journalist and film critic, technical adviser and researcher for film production companies, story editor, and screenwriter were one and continuous with the formal studies of his youth. A strong core of national service ran through this active

career. In World War II, while serving as Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, he contributed to the information program of the British Air Ministry by using his screenwriting talents. This was in a way a return engagement, since during the First War he had in 1917 joined the Artists' Rifles until the Flu Epidemic of 1918 caused him to be invalided out.

A classicist came to work for the movies. He once said that he initially entered the film studios by the box office door but came out “carrying some books under my arm.” It was inevitable that he would more than once turn to the classical heritage for screenplays such as Helen of Troy and Ulysses, and for his contributions to Quo Vadis. But his creative enterprises were also very much of the present: his screenplay Stalin's Children dramatized the nightmare of modern political ideology; and one of his many projects, Dionysos over Detroit, was intended to explore the discontinuity in modern life resulting from our being “bewitched by the machine” at a cost to the imagination and our emotional wellspring. The same theme inspired his dissertation: Theater: Its Place and Role in Industrial Society which won him a doctorate at the Sorbonne in 1965.

In the rich diversity of Hugh's professional biography an inescapable unity asserts itself: a devotion to demonstrating repeatedly the continuity of modern culture with the rich resources of the past. His career was characteristically inter-disciplinary. A man of cinema and theater, he moved freely through a wide intellectual and artistic community. He was the logical choice to teach the Integrated Arts course for a number of years at UCLA. He was eminently suited to direct the University Abroad program in 1967 at Delphi. His many outside lectures to colleges in Los Angeles and to conferences nationwide and abroad; his numerous and popular University Extension courses such as “Religion Today” (offered more than once), talks on classics of the cinema, on Robert Flaherty, on the legacy of Greece and Rome, and numerous other contributions to school and community make up a catalogue of riches widely remembered. And with his gift for extemporaneous wit and literary allusion, his lecturing could be aptly designated as in “the grand style.”

When making his eloquent plea for the setting up of a doctorate in film at UCLA, Hugh demonstrated that motion pictures had wide interdisciplinary links. His supporting paper stated that the study of cinema “throws meaning on such words as mimesis as defined in the Poetics of Aristotle--a word too frequently confused with sheer reproduction. As the film camera shows, cinema does not begin to be an art until it transcends its purely mechanical function of the reproduction of an object.” His translation of Andre Bazin's film criticism in the two volumes of What is Cinema brought praise from the eminent film director, Jean Renoir, whose introduction to the first volume showed the translator to be one with the French critic, in “the same spiritual family.”


This great teacher was not easily surrendered to retirement which came due in 1968, and was recalled for post-retirement appointments three times as Professor Emeritus.

But a man so rich in talents and so generous of spirit will grow in many soils. After his total retirement from UCLA, Hugh Gray merely transplanted his creative energies to the campus of Loyola-Marymount where he founded the Center for Modern Greek Studies. This enterprise had been stirring in him for many years. His friend and colleague at Loyola-Marymount, Demetrios Liappas, sees this latter-day flowering of still another productive career as the natural and inevitable outcome of his past achievements: “It was perhaps fated that only a man so thoroughly familiar with Ancient Greece could see the richness of Modern Greek culture and embrace it, and love it, and know it as though he was born in it.”

And finally it is not surprising that a man so caught up in the stream of the great tradition, who made the continuity of past and present cultures his passionate lifetime study and the teaching of it his mission, should in his last years, nay his last months, intensify a search for his personal roots in the culture of Ireland. His final trip abroad, in 1980, was to conduct research on a book appropriately titled, Identification--Gael?.

Hugh Gray is survived by his wife Barbara, his son Kevin, and his daughter, Dr. Brigid Leventhal.

R. Hawkins J. Young H. Goodman


Morton I. Grossman, Medicine: Los Angeles


Morton I. Grossman died at his home on the 26th of May 1981 of esophageal cancer. He is survived by his loving wife Dorothy and son David. He was recognized as the preeminent gastrointestinal physiologist of the last three decades. His work unraveled many aspects of the actions and interactions of nerves, hormones, and paracrine transmitters on gastric acid and pancreatic secretion. He made major contributions to many other problems in gastrointestinal physiology. Most importantly, Morton Grossman was a master at the art of scientific thought; he formulated clear concepts, asked answerable questions and interpreted data rigorously. With his encyclopedic knowledge of the field, he served as a clearinghouse for ideas and approaches to gastrointestinal problems. He grasped the full spectrum of gastroenterology, from the detailed aspects of basic science questions to the pathogenesis, clinical features and therapy of peptic ulcer and other gastrointestinal disorders. He offered ideas and suggestions freely and selflessly, hoping to encourage the initiation of an important study, aid a study underway or interpret the meaning of one completed.

When Morton Grossman reflected upon his own career, he judged his most lasting and unique contribution to be “in providing a place and atmosphere in which fledgling young scientists could develop and grow to independence.” His more than 100 former fellows and associates populate the world of gastroenterology and related areas. Morton Grossman placed great importance on fostering the independence of his fellows and collaborators; he made certain that they--not he--got full credit for their work and thus encouraged their growth to self sufficiency.

Morton Grossman took his undergraduate work at Ohio State University, switching from English literature to biochemistry after a job as an assistant in a research laboratory. His concern for effective written communication was subsequently evident in every paper in which he had a hand. He received his M.D. from Northwestern Medical School and earned a Ph.D. in physiology, studying under the noted Dr. Andrew Ivy. From there he

went to the University of Illinois. During the Second World War he served at the U.S. Army Medical Nutritional Laboratory. In 1955, Morton Grossman joined the UCLA School of Medicine and Wadsworth VA Hospital, remaining with us and active until a few days before his death.

Morton Grossman played a pivotal role in the blossoming of both the basic and clinical aspects of gastroenterology over the last three decades. He served as Editor and as Chairman of the Editorial Board of the journal Gastroenterology. He was President of the American Gastroenterological Association and received the Anniversary Medal of the Swedish Medical Society, the Mayo H. Soley Award of the Western Society for Clinical Research and the Friendenwald Medal of the American Gastroenterological Association, to name just a few of his honors.

Morton Grossman was a Renaissance man and a Renaissance scientist, blending a scholarly grasp of many disciplines in his approach to scientific and clinical problems. It was in this spirit of a multidisciplinary approach to ulcer disease that he created the Center for Ulcer Research and Education in 1974. The growth and strength of CURE under Grossman reflected his remarkable ability to develop and assemble a self-sufficient group of competent investigators, each bringing a different approach, and to foster communication and collaboration among them.

Morton Grossman was adept at learning from his many colleagues in many disciplines, putting it all together and then pointing out new lines of research to each of them. Besides being a paramount physiologist and gastroenterologist, he taught surgery to surgeons, statistics to statisticians, epidemiology to epidemiologists, and genetics to geneticists and brought a unique sense of humanity and cooperation to his science. In the words of Rabbi Hanina “I have learnt much from my teachers, and from my colleagues more than from my teachers, but from my disciples more than from them all.” Morton I. Grossman was an earnest, lifelong student and thus one of our greatest teachers.

Andrew H. Soll David H. Solomon Ernest M. Wright


Charles Adams Gulick, Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Charles Gulick was born and raised in Texas and had all his schooling there through the M.A. degree. The Texas influence on his speech and certain mannerisms of expression remained with him all his life. Certainly at the University of Texas he acquired key elements of his life-long economic and social philosophy. It was the Progressive era and he became committed to central themes of that movement--that the great aggregations of power must be controlled and humanized and that a larger measure of social justice must be won for the less privileged members of society. Not surprisingly, his first monograph, published in 1920 when he was 24, was on the subject, Open Shop vs. Closed Shop.

Having majored in modern European history for the B.A. and M.A. degrees in Texas, he moved to Columbia University to major in economics for the Ph.D., awarded in 1924. At Columbia, he became strongly influenced by the ideas and interests of Professor Henry Seager, a leading academic writer on the widely debated issue of what to do about the power of the large, rapidly growing industrial and financial corporations commonly known as trusts. Combining his growing interest in labor subjects with his interest in trust problems, Gulick's doctoral dissertation was published as Labor Policy of the U.S. Steel Corporation. While serving as an instructor in Economics at Columbia, he continued to work with Seager and later co-authored with him a large volume on Trust and Corporation Problems. He also edited a volume of Seager's essays.

Gulick joined the faculty of the Berkeley Department of Economics in 1926, where he served until his retirement in 1963. It was in the course of a trip to Germany for research purposes in 1930 that he almost by accident paid a visit to Vienna and acquired the interest in Austria that led him eventually to the great achievement of his scholarly career, Austria From Habsburg to Hitler, published in 1948 in two volumes running to 1900 pages. The sub-titles that Gulick gave the two volumes, “Labor's Workshop of Democracy” and “Fascism's Subversion of Democracy,” are

expressive of the book's major themes and of his twin interests in the contributions labor movements can make to democratic society and in the anti-democratic forces that citizens of democracies must continuously fight against. The German translation of this work was published in Vienna in 1950 and immediately won a large readership and wide acclaim. In the same year, the city of Vienna awarded Gulick a prize for “distinguished achievement in moral sciences,” an honor not ordinarily accorded to non-Austrians. In the years since, the book has continued to be esteemed as one of the authoritative accounts of the first Austrian republic and in 1972 the President of Austria presented a gold medal to Gulick for “Services to the Republic.” A somewhat abbreviated German-language edition of the book was published in Austria in 1976 and a new printing of the original English edition was issued in 1980. In keeping with his long preoccupation with the fortunes of the labor movement and democracy in Austria, most of the articles he contributed to academic journals dealt with labor questions or political issues in that country.

While Gulick served conscientiously on a variety of Academic Senate and administrative committees, his primary campus interest was in teaching and working with students, and many generations of undergraduate and graduate students knew Gulick as a dedicated teacher and adviser and as a friend and supporter. He was generous of his time in meeting with individuals and with groups of students. He also felt a responsibility to help improve student writing. It was perhaps prophetic that his first academic appointment as a graduate student in Texas was as Tutor in English. He became widely known among his students for his practice of sprinkling the pages of their papers with notations or corrections concerning spelling, grammar, syntax, punctuation, and inaccurate quotations. He even enlisted his wife's assistance in this work. He regularly held seminars in his home and he and his wife entertained students on many other occasions. It was appealing to students to find that Gulick shared many of their ideals for a good society and that he could voice in colorful language many of their criticisms of current social ills. An illustration of his outspokenness is his title for an article he wrote for a Vienna magazine after Ronald Reagan's first election as governor of California, “The Political Landslide in California: Mass Lunacy, Fear and Hate.”

Charles Gulick died on August 27, 1984, leaving his wife, Esther, a daughter, two grandsons, and two great granddaughters.

Van Dusen Kennedy Clark Kerr Lloyd Ulman


Donald G. Hagman, Law: Los Angeles


A UCLA law professor since 1963, Donald G. Hagman died of an accidental fall from a cliff on June 20, 1982, shortly after his 50th birthday. He was an internationally distinguished scholar in the fields of land-use planning, housing law and state and local taxation.

Don had a consuming interest in the workings of government, particularly state and local governments. He served in the 1960s as Associate Director of UCLA's Institute of Government. Don was committed to the premise that government must serve all the people without discrimination. He felt strongly about the responsibility of academics to assist the processes of government. He untiringly served on government task forces, committees and commissions, addressing a large variety of groups to propose novel ways to solve problems of planning, land use, taxation and the like. In this effort he was recognized to be a person with a vision and deep commitment. He is probably best known among law students and lawyers for his treatise, Urban Planning, and for his fascinating, even at times idiosyncratic, law school casebook, Public Planning and Control of Urban and Land Development. Academic lawyers and planners know him best for his masterpiece, Windfalls for Wipeouts, which has shaped the current debate about landowners' right to compensation as a result of public regulation. He devoted much time and energy in the company of elected and appointed government officials, successfully challenging them to consider different ways to deal with their responsibilities, inspiring them to try new approaches.

Don brought to his scholarship and to his social activities a welcome quality of irreverence and unconventionality in challenging the unexamined assumptions that he frequently encountered. He saw his human interests as inseparably linked to those of others who were less favored. He was a morally committed person who tried very hard to minimize the gap between his beliefs about the right way to live and the way he actually lived.

Don was a good and giving person, committed to the values central to academic life: academic freedom, imaginative scholarship, and improving

the humane and democratic qualities of the institution. Those humane values that he wanted to prevail in the academic community, he wanted no less for the community as a whole. If he was deeply committed to expanding his scholarly understanding of land use, he was no less committed to making decent housing available to those who lacked it, and to reducing the effect of personal wealth upon the distribution of such a fundamental human resource.

While he was a morally committed person, he was tolerant of those who saw things differently. He would try to persuade, but displayed no arrogance in presenting his vision of the social good. A colleague remarked at Don's memorial service that he had “the least consciousness of self, of ego enhancing compulsions of anyone I know.” Ego enhancement did not determine what he said or did; there were no hidden agendas, and little in the way of strategic calculation in the way he expressed his views. He was frank, open and totally without guile; when he said something, one always knew it was because he meant it.

We suspect that Don would be glad to be remembered for the qualities noted by Dean Susan Prager: the theme “that unified Don's life was the concern for people--particularly the less popular, whether it was the poor who did not have housing, minorities, or women who did not fit neatly into the prevailing professional setting, or people with unconventional views.”

His passing is an immeasurable loss not only to his family and his large circle of friends but to the academic community and to the larger one as well.

He is survived by his wife Ilene and his children, Chris, Mary and Steve.

Werner Z. Hirsch Edgar A. Jones, Jr. Leon Letwin


Victor E. Hall, Physiology: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

With Victor Hall's death on July 23, 1981, the University, the world of physiology, and innumerable friends and students lost an inspiring teacher and a spirit of unbounded energy and interests.

Born February 11, 1901, in Victoria, British Columbia, Victor grew up and had his early schooling in that city. Following a year at the Victoria Normal School and a brief enrollment at UC Berkeley, he entered Stanford University where he completed his undergraduate work in 1922, received a Master's degree in physiology in 1925 and obtained his M.D. degree in 1928. From then until 1951 he remained in the Department of Physiology at Stanford, achieving the rank of Professor in 1941.

While at Stanford, Victor Hall developed his major line of scientific research: the metabolic aspects of temperature regulation, in which he inspired students who since have made their own reputations in physiology. It was during this period also that Victor became editor of the Annual Review of Physiology, a role he played with distinction for nearly 25 years.

In 1951 he was invited to UCLA as Professor of Physiology in the nascent School of Medicine which that year accepted its first class. On the basis of his long experience, Victor was instrumental in developing the physiology course for medical students, as well as the graduate curriculum in physiology. It was largely through his efforts that these evolved into the rigorous and distinguished programs they remain today. Early on, Victor also organized and gave the majority of lectures in a University Extension course in pathological physiology that enjoyed success for several years, and he continued throughout to lecture to physicians' groups in the Los Angeles area. His interest and expertise in teaching led to nationwide recognition, and participation on committees on teaching of the Association of American Medical Colleges and the American Physiological Society.

Victor's concern for students and the teaching process led him to take on many committee assignments in the School of Medicine: Educational Policy, Curriculum, Fellowships and Admissions, among others. And, he

was unsparing in his contributions to Senate affairs with his service on the Editorial, Reapportionment, Reorganization, Library, and Rules and Jurisdiction committees. Moreover, he served successively as Vice-Chairman, Acting Chairman and Chairman of the Department of Physiology from 1960 until his retirement in 1968.

In the mid-1950s the American Physiological Society chose Victor Hall as Executive Editor of Neurophysiology, the first section of its new Handbook series. He attacked his assignment with his usual vigor and produced a three-volume set that became the standard of excellence and a world-wide reference. Through all the years until 1970 he continued as editor of the Annual Review of Physiology, guiding it as an indispensable reference source for the scientific community. From 1963 until 1972 he chaired the Editorial Board of the UCLA Forum in Medical Sciences. His final major contribution to the dissemination of scientific information was the organization and direction of the Brain Information Service at UCLA from its inception in 1964; even after his retirement he continued as co-director of the BIS until 1972.

This listing of organization activities leaves untouched the essence of Victor Hall's eminence as a teacher and unusual human being. His delight in ideas, his broad knowledge of the scientific literature, his joyful energy in sharing his insights inspired students and colleagues alike. When he lectured, students would be caught up in the excitement of ideas and would leave with understanding, appreciation, and enthusiasm. It is no wonder that he received, in 1961, the campus Distinguished Teacher Award.

More intangible, but equally important, were the sensitivity and compassion that characterized Victor Hall's relations with all around him. To graduate students and colleagues in the Department he was confidant, advisor and constant source of inspiration. Despite physical disability and numerous illnesses, his spirit was always high and his optimism infectious. His avocational interests ranged from music to geography to history. Even after formal retirement, he pursued these interests actively, and until just before his death he came to his office several days a week to write and consult.

The University, as both institution and family of colleagues, has lost an outstanding champion and friend. All of us are the better for having had him among us.

John Field Charles H. Sawyer Robert Tschirgi Ralph Sonnenschein


Yu-shan Han, History: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Professor Han was born on May 18, 1899 in Peking (Beijing) China. His primary education consequently was in the classical tradition during the final years of the Manchu dynasty. He attended Yenching University in Peking and was awarded the B.A. degree in 1924 and the Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1926. He went on to do graduate work at Harvard and Boston universities from 1927 to 1929. He taught classes at Boston University in the summer session of 1928 and during the academic year 1928-29, and was awarded the Ph.D. degree in Philosophy by that institution in 1929.

During the ensuing decade in China Professor Han served as associate director for rural education in the Mass Education Movement from 1929 to 1931. He then held the position of secretary of the National Christian Council in China from 1931 to 1933. In the latter year he became professor of history and government at St. John's University in Shanghai, continuing in that post until 1938 and serving as department chairman in 1937-38.

His uncompromising hostility toward the Japanese after the onset of the China Incident in July 1937 led to his flight from China in 1938. He had been marked for arrest by the Japanese. He was by this time married to Edna Nona Quick, an American citizen who had been in China for many years as a teacher of English to young Chinese.

In 1940 Professor Han returned to China and served as Economic Research Commissioner in the Central Bank of China in Chungking. In the following year differences on matters of principle with the Nationalist regime led to his decision to leave China once again.

He was in the Los Angeles area in 1941 when the departments of History and Geography were confronted with a problem. The autumn semester was about to begin, and the professor who held a joint appointment in history and geography had failed to return from a summer in Japan. Dr. Han was quickly recruited as a lecturer to fill the void and remained in that status for six years. He received an appointment as associate professor in 1947 and was promoted to full professor in 1957.


Professor Han's published scholarly output was somewhat slender despite his great interest in two fields in which he could have made an important contribution, the rise of the middle class in China and a history of legal and judicial reform, about which he began monographs, but which he never brought to completion for publication. His major scholarly publication is Elements of Chinese Historiography, published in 1955. He was also co-author with the distinguished historians Carl Becker and Sydney Painter of a textbook, The Past That Lives Today, published in 1952.

He directed his major efforts to acquainting Americans with Chinese culture and explaining contemporary China. To that end he published many articles and gave lectures to various groups and organizations, pitching his remarks at the level of the educated layman. In keeping with this activity he was particularly successful in teaching undergraduates. He gave generously of his time to students, or to anyone expressing an interest in China and its culture.

He remained a citizen of China until after the fall of the Nationalist regime to the Chinese Communists. In June 1953 he became a citizen of the United States.

During their long residence in Los Angeles Professor and Mrs. Han accumulated a wealth of friends among the students and faculty at UCLA as well as in the wider Los Angeles community. Their hospitality was well known. With Mrs. Han's death in 1979 and his in March 1983 a unique couple and a reminder of the dislocations caused by World War II passed from our midst.

Yong-chen Chu Raymond H. Fisher Robert Wilson John Galbraith


Trimble Raymond Hedges, Agricultural Economics: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Trimble R. Hedges, “Ted,” was born on a small farm near Banner, Oklahoma. After graduating in 1928 from Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, he served in his home state as a county extension agent for three years before pursuing graduate study at the University of Illinois. On completion of the Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics, he joined the faculty at the University of Arkansas where, in a decade which included three years of service as a naval officer, he rose to the rank of Professor and Head of the Department of Rural Economics and Sociology. Dr. Hedges came to the Davis campus in 1947 as one of the first permanent faculty members in the Agricultural Economics Department.

An early first-hand acquaintance with farmers and their problems provided a perspective that Dr. Hedges retained throughout his career. No matter how sophisticated the research approach, solving the problem for those in agriculture was always paramount. His keen understanding of the value of all lines of research carried out in an agricultural experiment station imparted a recognizable quality and depth to his work as he systematically developed a long-range program in farm management for the University of California.

Anticipating the pending adjustments in California agriculture of the 1950s, Dr. Hedges instituted a series of studies of cotton, rice, and vegetable farms to provide the basic structural, financial, and operating data needed to understand the effects of these adjustments and help shape the responses of those affected. Younger faculty members, graduate students, faculty and staff from other disciplines and the Cooperative Extension Service, and personnel of the federal and state agricultural agencies were encouraged to participate. Dr. Hedges gave generous recognition to anyone who contributed to his program. Later, he broadened his studies to other crop and livestock farming systems, turning his attention to the economics of irrigation as California's water and land resources were undergoing further development. Though his devotion to working with primary field data meant long hours

and arduous endeavor, he never lost his infectious enthusiasm for “getting into the field.” The early efforts to assemble and analyze basic farm management data facilitated a number of research and popular publications dealing with on-farm and regional adjustments to changing public policies and implementing programs. Dr. Hedges established early-on the pattern of sharing his research widely and encouraged his colleagues to do likewise. Not only did he publish across the spectrum from technical to popular, but he also addressed interested audiences on his research findings anywhere in the state.

His personal devotion to learning, empathy for young people, meticulous concern for lucid and logical presentation, and high energy level made Dr. Hedges a highly respected and effective teacher. He restructured the UC farm management courses, introduced original materials emanating from the research program he established, and authored Farm Management Decisions and a laboratory manual to assist students in developing their analytical skills. His extensive preparation and experience allowed him to offer courses in principles of economics, agricultural marketing and prices, finance and credit, comparative agriculture, and organizational behavior and administration as well as in farm management. The International Agricultural Development program at Davis is the outgrowth of nearly two decades of Dr. Hedges' efforts to shape a program that would meet the technical, scientific, economic, and cultural needs of students from foreign countries interested in improving the quality of life in their countries. Every course he taught involved rigorous use of principles in an applied setting using quantitative information. His courses required a high level of effort from his students, which they gladly gave. The classroom, to Dr. Hedges, extended to wherever he and a student happened to be.

Students, to this remarkable educator, included all who he felt could gain from his guidance. Consequently, Dr. Hedges spent a number of years teaching and studying in such diverse areas of the world as Germany, Korea, Brazil, Ethiopia, Italy, France, and Sri Lanka. Irrespective of the problems or the setting, Dr. Hedges' full respect for cultural and economic differences and willingness to listen and share ideas won him the wide respect he enjoyed wherever he served. This respect was shared fully by his UC colleagues, for Dr. Hedges served as an important link across the Davis campus and the nine-campus system. He was an early proponent of interdisciplinary seminars at Davis and was invited to membership on the College of Letters and Science Executive Committee.

Dr. Hedges understood the faculty role and responsibility in shared governance and served his university extensively and with distinction. He served on nearly every major committee of the Academic Senate on the Davis campus. His major contribution, however, was in chairing the Committee on Reorganization of the Academic Senate that promulgated the

individual campus divisions and the coordinating mechanisms that currently serve.

Following attainment of emeritus status in 1974, Dr. Hedges was recalled frequently to serve his department, recognition of the great respect his colleagues, both faculty and staff, had for his devotion to the department, profession, and to the university to which he gave his full measure in both active and emeritus status. Dr. Hedges' standards of integrity and his overriding concern for human values that was the hallmark of his professional and personal life leave a rich endowment to the future. On November 29, 1982, the University of California and the Davis campus lost one of its most loyal, energetic, and public-spirited faculty members. He is survived by his wife, Charlsie Jordan Hedges, his two sons, Charles Arthur Hedges and David Michael Hedges, and three brothers and two sisters.

Benjamin C. French Gordon A. King Chester O. McCorkle, Jr.


Robert Russell Hewitt, Physics: Riverside


Robert Russell Hewitt died May 19, 1981 after a gallant fight for a decade against the debilitating effects of total kidney failure. His courage and faith were an inspiration to his students and colleagues as his interest and love of physics and teaching never waned. He remained true to his life's dedication--that of teacher and research physicist.

Robert Hewitt was born in Los Angeles on October 28, 1923. He graduated from Elmina High School in Oregon in 1941, served in the U.S. Navy for two years (1944-46) and then returned to Compton (California) Junior College and the University of California, Berkeley where he received his B.A. degree in 1951 and his Ph.D. in physics in 1956.

In 1956, Bob was the fourth physicist hired at the three-year-old Riverside campus. He made special contributions to almost every aspect of the new campus. He brought an increase in rigor and excitement to the study of physics at Riverside. Bob's interests were wide, ranging from new lecture demonstrations to modern laboratory practice to magnetic resonance research in solid state physics. He involved undergraduates in research before the graduate program was instituted and continued into the graduate program producing eight Ph.D.s, one of these in 1975 four years after the onset of kidney failure.

Bob Hewitt's lifelong research interests lay in the field of nuclear magnetic and quadrupole resonance in metals. He was a pioneer in this field, beginning with his thesis work under Walter Knight at U.C. Berkeley (1956), and continuing in collaboration with a number of Ph.D. students at U.C.R. His experiments used nuclear magnetism as a probe of the electronic structure of metals and alloys, which determines the values of the paramagnetic shift in nuclear resonance frequency (Knight shift) and the nuclear quadrupole coupling constant. His research was of importance in understanding electronic behavior in elemental metals and semimetals such as indium, tin, bismuth, and antimony; later work clarified the effects of dilute concentrations of impurities in metallic alloys. He had a keen sense for good experimental

design, and was expert at coaxing recalcitrant apparatus into performing correctly.

His service to the department included an important active role on the committee that designed the physics building. Many of the better design features of the building are directly traceable to Hewitt's knowledge and interest in all aspects of physics instruction and research.

Professor Hewitt's contribution to the campus at large was also meritorious. He served two years as Associate Dean for Research, and six years (1968-1974) as Dean of the Graduate Division. In the latter position he supervised the strengthening of the existing programs and the institution of five new masters programs and six new doctoral programs.

He is survived by his beloved wife Carol, and his three daughters, Robin, Cathy, and Tammy, of whom he was very proud. Bob will be remembered for his intellectual honesty, his dedication and service to the University, and for his great courage and personal faith in the face of his medical adversity.

H. W. Johnson, Jr. D. C. McCollum, Jr. S. D. Van Gundy R. L. Wild


Joel Henry Hildebrand, Chemistry: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Joel Henry Hildebrand was born on November 16, 1881, in Camden, New Jersey. His ancestors came to America before the revolution from the upper Rhine valley. When asked about his longevity, Joel replied, “I chose my ancestors carefully” and frequently added that most, if not all, lived well past 80. His father, Howard Onid Hildebrand, was in the insurance business near Philadelphia and Joel attended local schools. His intellectual interests were particularly stimulated by a grandfather who, although of limited schooling, had read widely and accumulated an excellent library. With his interest in natural phenomena aroused, Joel acquired personally and studied Dana's Geology, Newcomb's Astronomy, and similar books. After his high school mathematics was completed with solid geometry and trigonometry, he discovered independently the power and beauty of calculus. After he had learned as much chemistry as his teacher (the principal) knew, he was given the key to the laboratory, a college laboratory manual, and encouragement to learn more on his own. Joel told with justified pride about his experiment proving that nitric oxide gas was NO rather than N2O2--a result which demolished a theory in a book by a Harvard professor which he had been given. It is clear that this high school principal was a great source of encouragement also for opening to Joel broader horizons of interest in various cultural areas including music.

Hildebrand entered the University of Pennsylvania in 1899 and wisely chose a double major in chemistry and physics in the College of Arts and Science rather than a more “professional” course in chemistry which emphasized recipes for analysis and similar details. He thereby had the opportunity to learn, not only more physics, but also history, literature, and mathematics while avoiding details of chemistry which were unimportant and sometimes even untrue.

After receiving his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania in 1906, Hildebrand was encouraged to spend a postdoctoral year in Germany learning the new science of physical chemistry. He went to Berlin where

he attended lectures by J. H. van't Hoff and by Walter Nernst. He also did some research under Nernst and then returned to the University of Pennsylvania to serve on its faculty teaching physical chemistry until 1913. In that year, he was invited to join the remarkable group of young physical chemists which Gilbert N. Lewis had selected and which led in transforming the Chemistry Department of the University of California into a center of international eminence.

Hildebrand's doctoral thesis of 1906 was entitled, The Determination of Anions in the Electrolytic Way, and he continued with several papers on electrochemical methods in analysis. Herbert S. Harned was his first research student and Harned's thesis was in this area. But Hildebrand soon shifted his primary interests to physical rather than analytical topics (as did Harned, who proceeded to a very distinguished career at Yale).

The color of iodine solutions fascinated Hildebrand throughout his career; his first paper on that topic, “Über die Farbe von Jodlösungen,” was published in 1910. He soon noted (1920) that the deviations from Raoult's law of various violet solutions of I2 formed a regular pattern. However, the curve for I2 in benzene differed from this pattern and that solution had a somewhat different color. This color difference suggested a more intimate interaction of the iodine with benzene.

These ideas were extended in many directions through the years. The concept of a regular pattern of positive deviations from Raoult's law grew into a general theory of “regular solutions.” Such systems involve no specific solvation or association and the mixing of their molecules is essentially random. Equations for the activities of the components of such solutions had already been developed by several scientists but these suffered either from the absence of relationships to the properties of the pure components or, in van Laar's case, to making these connections through an approximate equation of state. While the van der Waals equation was a great advance at the time and gives a reasonable representation of gas imperfection, the quantitative deviations in the liquid region are large, and it is the liquid region that is pertinent to liquid solutions.

Scatchard published a paper in 1931 which, in his words, “may be regarded as a quantitative development of the treatment of Hildebrand, although it disagrees with his ideas in some important details, or as a method of freeing the van Laar treatment from the inadequacies of the van der Waals equation.” Hildebrand and Wood derived the same equation two years later by a very different and modern method--by integrating the intermolecular pair potentials throughout the liquid weighted by the radial distribution function.

Both Scatchard's and Hildebrand's results yield the same working equation relating the deviation from ideal solutions (Raoult's law) to the cohesive energy density of the pure components, i.e., ΔE/V where ΔE is the energy

of vaporization of a volume V of the pure liquid. More precisely, it is the square of the difference in the square roots, [(ΔE1/V1)1/2 - (ΔE2/V2)1/2]², which determines the departure from ideality.

In recent years, this quantity (ΔE/V)1/2 has been called the solubility parameter and given the symbol . The Scatchard-Hildebrand equation is quite successful--better than any other equation of comparable simplicity and generality. But it is not surprising that there are departures from perfect agreement and Hildebrand has presented from time to time tables of adjusted solubility parameters which yield improved agreement. These were always discussed in relation to aspects of the intermolecular forces which might explain the need for adjustment.

Hildebrand, always the effective teacher, summarized the current status of knowledge about nonelectrolyte solutions in monographs designed to interest and to instruct chemists. Initially, these were general reports on the status of knowledge in the field and carried the title, The Solubility of Nonelectrolytes. The successive editions of 1924, 1936, and 1950 (the last with R. L. Scott) grew in size along with the rapid advance of knowledge in this area. Opposite the title page of the third edition is a picture of a tube containing seven incompletely miscible liquids (heptane, aniline, water, perfluorokerosene, phosphorus, gallium, and mercury)--a beautiful example of Joel's flair for generating interest in and enjoyment of his topic for discussion. After 1950, Joel left to others the task of general review of knowledge concerning non-electrolyte solutions and prepared smaller books concentrating on the areas of his particular interest. These were Regular Solutions in 1962 with R. L. Scott and Regular and Related Solutions: the Solubility of Gases, Liquids, and Solids in 1970 with J. M. Prausnitz and R. L. Scott.

The relationship of the color of iodine solutions to their other characteristics has been noted. Hildebrand's most important discovery in this area came in a series of papers with Benesi in 1948-50 which related an intense ultraviolet absorption to the formation of electron-donor-acceptor complexes. This type of complex, now more commonly called a charge-transfer complex, has been investigated extensively by others, is well-understood theoretically, and is an integral part of our body of organized knowledge.

The “rule” which carries the Hildebrand name concerns the entropy of vaporization of a normal liquid. In 1915 he showed that, for a typical group of “normal” liquids boiling near or below room temperature, the entropy of vaporization was more nearly constant if compared at a constant vapor volume rather than on the constant pressure basis of Trouton's rule. With this considerably higher precision of agreement, the Hildebrand rule became a much more useful criterion of a normal liquid. In comparison hydrogen-bonded or other highly polar liquids have larger entropies of vaporization than do “normal” liquids.


Another idea of Hildebrand's which has great practical as well as theoretical importance concerns the use of helium in deep diving. A diver at depth experiences high pressure and correspondingly increased solubility of breathing gases in his blood. The problem of the “bends”--the release of this gas as a bubble in a blood passage when the diver emerges--was well-known. In the mid-twenties Hildebrand suggested that this problem could be ameliorated by substituting helium for nitrogen in mixture with oxygen for the diver's breathing gas. Not only is the solubility of helium much less than that of nitrogen at a given pressure but also the diffusion rate is faster. These basic ideas have had a major role in improvement of diving capability and safety ever since.

Through the years Joel took pleasure in demolishing concepts which he regarded as spurious or misleading. He was not fooled by “polywater.” He was severely critical of theories of liquids which were based on complex assumptions about structural features for which there was no direct verification. With the deeper insight of molecular dynamics calculations these complex assumptions have now been disproven in many cases. But Joel had refused to accept these theories even if they were reasonably successful in representing the experimental data available at the time. Several of these situations are described in his 1977 paper, “Operations on Swollen Theories with Occam's Razor.”

Another case of this type is the “hydrophobic effect,” or worse, the “hydrophobic bond.” Joel objected to these terms because “phobic” implies repulsion. It is true that in aqueous solution a solute containing both alkyl (or other nonpolar) groups as well as polar groups will arrange itself in a manner to favor water contact with the polar groups of the solute and alkyl group contact with other alkyl groups. But this does not mean that an alkyl group is actually repelled by a water molecule. Rather, as Hildebrand concluded, “there is no hydrophobia between water and alkanes; there is only not enough hydrophilia to pry apart the hydrogen bonds of water so that the alkanes can go into solution without assistance from attached polar groups.”

In the last decade Joel gave considerable attention to the viscosity of liquids, or, as he preferred, the fluidity which is the reciprocal of viscosity. These papers were collected in a small monograph, Viscosity and Diffusivity: A Predictive Treatment, published in 1977 with an introduction by J. O. Hirschfelder. In the introduction Hirschfelder wrote of Hildebrand, “somehow he has the ability to sweep away all of the complexities and discover simple relationships which will take theoreticians another generation to derive.” Indeed Joel did present new empirical relationships which are simpler and more accurate than those in common use. And he presented them in a simple qualitative theoretical framework which was free from inconsistencies or the complexities often contrived to circumvent inconsistencies. This

book often elicited the comment that “Hildebrand is a genius finding ways to present data so that they fall on a straight line.” But Joel's were not merely functions yielding straight lines; he also required conformity to general ideas of molecular structure and behavior. Indeed, he was a genius in research of this type.

Hildebrand's impact as a teacher was just as important and in many respects more remarkable than this role in research. His freshman chemistry lectures, given regularly from 1913 until his “retirement” in 1952 were legendary. Thousands of alumni recall his vivid descriptions and dramatic demonstrations as well as enlivening digressions into music, art, and mountaineering.

A single course was offered at Berkeley with total enrollment usually somewhat over 1000, with lectures in a room seating about 500, but with laboratory, quiz, and discussion in groups of 25. William Bray and Wendel Latimer took primary responsibility for the laboratory and wrote the book for it. Most of the regular faculty took freshman sections (in addition to other teaching) and thereby initiated the graduate students into their teaching assistant duties in an apprenticeship pattern. Thus there was extensive involvement of most of the faculty with the general chemistry course and general agreement concerning its character. But Hildebrand gave the lectures, wrote the quizzes and examinations, and was in general charge of the course. He wrote the central text, Principles of Chemistry, which was revised several times.

The course at Berkeley, as developed by Hildebrand, Bray, Latimer, and others, departed from the pattern of that time by much greater emphasis on principles with reduced attention to memory of specific factual material. It was only after about 25 years that other textbooks began to appear which reflected similar emphasis. Of course, the “Berkeley” books were used elsewhere in the intervening years.

As is often the case, the pattern has recently shifted farther (probably too far) toward dominance of theory and general principles and the near exclusion of “factual” material. The “Hildebrand” course maintained a balance; the student learned that, while important aspects of chemistry could be related to general principles through relatively simple equations, other experimental facts were best remembered, if important enough, or looked-up when needed. To promote the habit of quick and convenient reference to this body of knowledge, Latimer and Hildebrand prepared their Reference Book of Inorganic Chemistry in 1928. It was revised several times and was available combined with Principles of Chemistry in a single volume.

Joel was superb as a lecturer and he thoroughly enjoyed lecturing. There were many lecture experiments with an entertaining aspect and lots of humorous comments which the students enjoyed. But he never lost sight

of the primary purpose of the lectures, and most of these entertaining features were tied into the primary lesson of the day. His enthusiasm, combined with thorough knowledge and excellent lecture technique, were almost irresistible. There was never a problem of slack attendance at Hildebrand lectures.

From 1913 through 1952 Hildebrand had about 40,000 students in his freshman lectures. While only a moderate proportion followed chemistry professionally, many became engineers, physicists, or other scientists. Others became lawyers, business executives, leaders in various fields, and they have a clearer picture of the role of science in the modern world because of their contact with Joel Hildebrand. His impact as a teacher was great indeed.

This fame as teacher of chemistry gave him the credentials and brought invitations to influence educational matters more broadly. His former students, now in a multitude of positions of responsibility and influence, urged his inclusion in committees, boards, or conferences. A notable example was the Citizens Advisory Committee to the Joint Education Committee of the California Legislature.

Joel had all of the qualifications of a good administrator or organizational leader. He never shirked such responsibilities when they were pressed upon him, but he never let such duties draw him permanently away from his primary interests in teaching and research. His preferences in this respect fitted very comfortably with the policies of the University of California wherein academic administration was in the hands of distinguished professors, but there was no implication that a given individual would continue indefinitely as a department chairman or a dean. Indeed the status of ex-dean was most highly regarded at the Berkeley Faculty Club.

Thus, Joel accepted appointments and served a few years in each case as Dean of Men (1923-26), Dean of the College of Letters and Science (1939-43), Chairman of the Department of Chemistry (1941-43), and Dean of the College of Chemistry (1949-51). He also played a major role in the Academic Senate and served as chairman of important committees of the Senate.

In making an administrative decision, Joel collected and digested the pertinent information, consulted other individuals as appropriate, and then reached his conclusion promptly without emotional trauma. When he left his administrative office, he left those problems behind and was ready to discuss a problem in chemistry or to give a freshman lecture with full vigor and enthusiasm.

Other organizations frequently called on Joel Hildebrand to take positions of leadership and he accepted when he believed he could make a significant contribution without undue interference with his work in chemistry. Thus he became interested in the Sierra Club and was soon asked to be President

(1937-40). He held various positions in the American Chemical Society but declined nomination as President until after his retirement from regular teaching; he was then elected, and served in 1955. He managed the U.S. Olympic Ski Team in 1936.

In both World Wars, Hildebrand was asked to undertake special duties: in 1918-19 he directed the chemical warfare laboratory of the American forces in France, with the rank of Major and later Lt. Colonel and was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. In 1943-44, he was a liaison officer in London for the Office of Scientific Research and Development. The British Government also took advantage of his presence in London to obtain his personal advice on many problems and awarded Joel their King's medal for Service in the Cause of Freedom in 1948.

In 1908, Joel married Emily Alexander whose continued good health and vigor is almost as exceptional as Joel's was; Emily reached age 97 in 1983. Their 70th wedding anniversary in 1978 was a great occasion for all of their many friends. They have four children: Louise, Alexander, Milton, and Roger. Two are professors in the sciences: Milton in zoology at the University of California at Davis, and Roger in physics at the University of Chicago.

In 1953, when Joel Hildebrand received the Willard Gibbs Medal, his son Roger was invited to help introduce him. The result was a most amusing and interesting insight into the Hildebrand family. Joel was always the enthusiastic teacher. As Roger told it, “we were encouraged and instructed in any worthwhile pursuit. The most confirmed blockhead could hardly have withstood the assault of intellectual enthusiasm which we enjoyed. Any flair for science, athletics, music, arts, or crafts on our part was noticed and the spark was fanned by a powerful hand. As a result, enough bonfires lit the sky to reduce any mother but mine to a cinder.”

Another paragraph from Roger's introduction: “We learned a lot by watching him. He worked and played hard. He is justly proud of his physical condition. He once entered a grandfathers' swimming race. Now it takes him a quarter mile or so to get really warmed up, so he dove in and swam a few laps each of breast stroke, back stroke, and crawl. His competitors, who were watching from the bank, gradually disappeared and it is said that by starting time not a one of them could be found.”

An interesting Hildebrand story arose when Editor of Who's Who in America decided in 1975 to transfer Joel to the compilation Who Was Who. This elicited a spirited response, of course, in which Joel listed five research publications, all from 1974, as well as others in press for 1975, together with copies of several comments about his current activities from others including President Handler of the National Academy of Sciences. He concluded by saying: “Leave me out of “Who's Who if you must--Europa still lists me, but please postpone till a more appropriate time including

me in Who Was Who. People would be writing to learn what happened to me.”

Honors of various types came to Joel Hildebrand through the years. From the American Chemical Society came the award of the Nichols Medal in 1939, its teaching award in 1952, the Willard Gibbs Medal in 1953, and its highest recognition, the Priestley Medal in 1962. Joel was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1929 and to the American Philosophical Society in 1951. He received an honorary doctorate after retirement from the University of California in 1954. When the citation was read, the audience immediately applauded Joel so enthusiastically that President Sproul at first forgot to confer the degree. After that omission was remedied, Joel received a second ovation. The warmth and enthusiasm of that occasion symbolizes beautifully the high regard in which Joel was held by students, alumni, professional colleagues, and all others who came to know him.

Kenneth S. Pitzer D. H. McLaughlin G. C. Pimentel J. M. Prausnitz


Monroe Jerome Hirsch, Optometry: Berkeley

Professor of Optometry and Physiological Optics, Emeritus
Dean, School of Optometry

Monroe J. Hirsch, Dean of Optometry and Professor of Physiological Optics and Optometry, and Dean and Professor Emeritus, as of 1978, died January 24, 1982, after a prolonged illness. A man of tremendous energy, he made outstanding contributions to his chosen profession, optometry, and his avocation, local government. In his long association with the University of California, Berkeley, (1937-1978), he was first a student, then a teacher, research clinician, Director of Clinics and, finally, Dean of the School of Optometry. Much of this was accomplished while he carried out a second life--that of a civic and political leader in his chosen hometown of Ojai, California.

Born in 1917, Monroe was educated in New York's public schools and did his pre-optometry work at City College of New York. He entered Berkeley in 1937, and received the optometry degree in 1940. Then, with the energetic restlessness that characterized the rest of his life, he simultaneously started a practice, became a part-time clinical instructor in Optometry at Berkeley, and went on to graduate school. He worked in the optometric practice for Dr. Everett Coe and Dr. Meredith Morgan. He also served as optometrist for the Alameda County Hospital.

In 1943, he entered a graduate program in physiology at Stanford University. There he studied under Dr. Frank Weymouth and developed a lasting friendship and professional association with his mentor, and eventually brought the retired Dr. Weymouth to teach at Berkeley. His graduate research concerned the vision of aviators. Not until 1947, when his work was declassified, could the award of the Ph.D. be made. Thus began his lifelong interest in the etiology of refractive error.

After completing the doctorate, he went to the College of Optometry at The Ohio State University as an Assistant Professor. After one year he returned to Stanford as Acting Assistant Professor of Physiology, and then went on the following year to the Los Angeles School of Optometry as an

Associate Professor. Four years later, he left the Los Angeles school as a full professor when he, his wife Winifred, and son, Geoffrey, moved to Ojai, California, in 1953. There he started a private practice that quickly grew in size, and his role in local politics grew just as quickly.

In Ojai, Monroe began his career as a civic leader and sometimes politician. Soon he became the first male president of the Ojai Elementary School P.T.A. In 1956, he ran for city councilman and won a four-year term. In 1958, his fellow council members voted him mayor. He didn't seek reelection in 1960, but ran again successfully in 1966. He also served as President of the Lions Club and the Little League Baseball League, and helped to start and edit the town's newspaper. For his many accomplishments, Monroe was awarded the Distinguished Service Award from the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce in 1969.

Monroe had not given up his love for research. Upon his arrival in 1953, he began a longitudinal study of refractive error in school children between the ages of 5 and 7. The study continued until these students had graduated from high school. The papers published contributed greatly to the understanding of refractive error in children and resulted in a book entitled Vision of Children (1966), co-edited with Ralph C. Wick. He soon became the recognized expert in the field of refractive error in children.

In 1955, Monroe became a clinical instructor at Berkeley with no stated duties other than an occasional lecture, and no salary. But he was lured back to teach a course in the spring semester of 1967, and became a fulltime Professor of Optometry again in 1970, commuting weekly to Ojai, 400 miles south of Berkeley. Again, losing no time, he became Director of Clinics and then, in 1973, Dean of the School of Optometry. In his five years as Dean, he brought to fruition his dream--a new building to house the expanded Optometry Clinic at Berkeley.

Monroe's professional contributions are many, and reflect his dynamic energy as well as his love for his profession. In 1947, he was elected to fellowship in the American Academy of Optometry. He became a member of the Academy's Executive Council in 1956, and its president in 1967 and 1968. He became associate editor of the American Journal of Optometry in 1953 and executive of the American Journal of Optometry Publishing Company in 1958. During his career, he wrote prolifically and published more than 140 papers in various professional journals. He co-edited two books on refractive error, plus co-authoring The Optometric Profession (1966) with Ralph C. Wick. He edited The Refractive State of the Eye (1966). He was an active member of numerous health advisory committees and received many awards and honors for his distinguished service.

Monroe is remembered for his lasting contributions to the School of Optometry, to his profession, and to his selected hometown of Ojai. He is remembered by his vigor and wit by his friends, students and colleagues.

His gruff manner disarmed some, but charmed many, especially his patients who looked forward to their “yearly half-hour argument with Dr. Hirsch.” He was known at Berkeley as a playful man who could tease students and colleagues by delivering outrageous statements with a completely straight face.

Monroe Hirsch is survived by his wife Winifred, his son Geoffrey and two grandsons.

Darrell Carter M. W. Morgan P. S. Timiras


Pauline Hodgson, Physical Education: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

During the 34 years that Pauline Hodgson taught at her alma mater, she made many significant contributions not only to the University of California, Berkeley, but also to her chosen profession of physical education.

Born on August 26, 1898, in Fort Scott, Kansas, Miss Hodgson came to the University of California, Berkeley, to complete her A.B. degree with a double major in physical education and physiology in 1920 and was honored by election to Phi Beta Kappa. After teaching in California for two years at Woodland High School and three years at University High School in Oakland, she returned to the Midwest to teach and undertake graduate study. Miss Hodgson completed an M.S. degree in physiological chemistry at the University of Michigan in 1928, earning election to Iota Sigma Pi (Chemistry). She then returned to Berkeley as an Associate in Physical Education and undertook further graduate work which earned her a Ph.D. degree in physiology. Upon completion of her doctoral degree in 1932, Miss Hodgson was promoted to Assistant Professor of Physical Education. She was elected to Sigma Xi in 1932 and to Delta Omega (Public Health) in 1933. Professor Hodgson also did postdoctoral study at the Fatigue Laboratory, Harvard University, and with the Committee on Human Development, University of Chicago.

Professor Hodgson served as Chairman of the Department of Physical Education for Women in 1937-38 and subsequently as Executive Officer, Division for Women, and as Associate Director for the Department of Physical Education from 1945-59. She was also very actively engaged in non-departmental university committees, such as Advisory Committees, Undergraduate Scholarships, University Affairs Council, and various activities of the Women's Faculty Club. Her extensive record of professional service included services rendered to the Western Society for Physical Education of College Women, the National Association for Physical Education of College Women, the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, the American Academy of Physical Education, and the

California Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. No year went by in which she was not either a member, chairman, or president of some major committee for one or more of these associations. She also served as President of the National Association for Physical Education of College Women in 1951-53. Her exceptional contributions were recognized by the granting of Honor Awards by the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, the California Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, and the Western Society for Physical Education of College Women, and through election to the American Academy of Physical Education.

Professor Hodgson's early research interests were in the area of exercise physiology and she authored and co-authored many articles in American Journal of Physiology, Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, and Research Quarterly. She was also a contributing author to publications such as the A.A.H.P.E.R.'s Research Methods Applied to Health, Physical Education and Recreation (1949) and Measurement and Evaluation (1950). In her later years, her interests and efforts turned to historical and philosophical aspects of physical education. Her service as an Associate Editor of Research Quarterly also contributed markedly to the scholarly integrity of that journal.

Following her retirement in July, 1963, Professor Hodgson continued to take a very active interest in the University, the Department, and in her profession for several years until she moved to Southern California. She died in her home in Santa Barbara on January 26, 1983, following a stroke, and was buried in her birthplace. She is survived by her brother, Harry Hodgson of Spokane, Washington, and 11 nieces and nephews.

Professor Hodgson is very fondly remembered by students, colleagues, and friends as a model of intellectual excellence and integrity. Through her wisdom and warmth, she made a positive and exceptionally memorable contribution to many persons' lives.

Helen M. Eckert Roberta J. Park Doris L. White


Herbert Benno Hoffleit, Classics: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Herbert Benno Hoffleit was born on July 16, 1905, in New Castle, Pennsylvania. He passed away after a lengthy illness on August 3, 1981, and is survived by his wife Norfleet, daughter Margaret and sister Dorrit.

Herbert pursued a brilliant career as a student at Harvard University, where he received his A.B. degree magna cum laude in 1924, A.M. in 1925 and Ph.D. in 1927. His Classics professors at Harvard long remembered and often mentioned the outstanding academic accomplishments of his years in Cambridge. Arriving in Los Angeles in 1927 with a Ph.D. in hand at the age of 22, he joined that group of pioneers who took the long and ambitious step from the old campus on Vermont Avenue to the present site of UCLA, where many of the amenities now considered indispensible for effective teaching and productive research were not yet available. Nevertheless, without such assistance as a secretary or duplicating equipment of any kind, he, with just a few colleagues, somehow managed to maintain not only a full undergraduate offering but even a very respectable graduate program leading to the M.A. in both Greek and Latin.

During that early period as well as throughout his entire career at UCLA, Herbert's broad erudition and competence spanning the whole range of Classical Greek, Latin and much else besides were of inestimable value to the department. The repertory of courses that he could and did offer was impressively large. In his teaching, he performed most effectively in a small group and specially in a one-to-one situation. Under these circumstances, he proved to be an inspiring tutor. All that he asked of his students was seriousness of purpose and devotion to learning. Those who made an honest effort to meet his high standards and expectations regularly came away from his instruction abundantly rewarded. Slackers, on the other hand, soon learned to go elsewhere. Invariably and intuitively, Herbert saw things in a wider context, and to hear him discoursing on almost any subject was a heady intellectual excursion punctuated with many fascinating detours and stopovers.


Yet, outside the classroom, Herbert was, despite his vast learning, an extremely modest and self-effacing scholar. He had, to be sure, paid his academic dues with two substantial scholarly works. In 1949, he published in collaboration with his distinguished colleague Paul Friedlander, a volume entitled Epigrammata, dealing with Greek verse inscriptions, and twenty years later, in 1969, he contributed to a volume in the prestigious Loeb Classical Library series with an edition of the text, accompanied with an elegant translation and exegetical notes, of Books IV-VI of Plutarch's Quaestiones Convivales in Moralia VIII. A major part of Herbert's scholarly efforts, however, has gone largely unnoticed by his fellow-classicists because their fruits are embodied in significant non-classical publications of other people. Evidence of his characteristic generosity in sharing his rich fund of classical knowledge with scholars in fields different from his own may be found, for example, in E. L. Griggs' edition of The Collected Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, A. K. Dolch's study on Notker and Tatian and R. Kinsman's research on the Latin poems of John Skelton. In the course of his long professional career, Herbert doubtless made many other such scholarly contributions, which, although they gained him little public recognition, earned him immense personal satisfaction and reflected his unquenchable intellectual curiosity. He was truly a scholar's scholar and a teacher's teacher who never really ceased being a student. He was a vir doctus docendi peritus.

The diversity of Herbert's cultural interests also manifested itself in his great passion for music, a love that he long and joyfully shared with his gracious and talented wife. Together, they not only listened to the performances of others but regularly joined in playing on their favorite instruments, he on the violin and she on the piano, with a group of accomplished friends both in private and public. In his last days, Herbert's physical infirmity cruelly prevented him from playing his beloved instrument as he would have liked, and this inability weighed so heavily on him and those close to him that it made his passing appear all the more merciful.

Herbert Hoffleit was a loving husband, a caring father, a devoted son and brother, a good colleague and a loyal friend. He is sorely missed by all who were privileged to know him.

Evelyn V. Mohr Albert H. Travis Philip Levine


Elizabeth Rudisill Homann, English: Davis

Associate Emerita

Elizabeth Homann was a dedicated scholar, a lively and effective teacher, a loyal and congenial colleague. Members of the English department at Davis will remember her wit, vivacity, and charm. They will also remember the encouragement she gave to younger scholars and teachers in the department.

She was born December 21, 1907, in Coalgate, Oklahoma, the daughter of Walter and Josephine Rudisill. By January 1912, the family of five was living in Scotia, California; later they moved to Santa Rosa. When, in 1926, that town's best-known citizen died, Beth (as she was called) sent the widow an original sonnet on Luther Burbank. At that period, Beth typed her own anthology of contemporary poetry, illustrating it with her drawings. She also composed at least thirty-five promising poems, signed Brian Ramsey Bates. Despite this masculine pen name, she was an ethereal-looking blonde, resembling Sir Thomas Lawrence's Pinky, the painting that is often used as a companion piece for Gainsborough's Blue Boy.

Although Beth had poems and stories in her high school magazine and edited the yearbook, her interest in music was stronger than her desire to write. She composed a school hymn. Trained by her mother, a music teacher, she played the piano well and, according to the Little Theatre Magazine for March 1922, tried some of the largest pipe organs in California. In the 1950s she gave a harpsichord concert at the Crocker Gallery in Sacramento.

Beth Rudisill studied ballet and had an early interest in drama. In 1929, she and her eighteen dancing pupils appeared not only in Santa Rosa but in San Francisco (at the Letterman Hospital). A file of programs and clippings also records her performances in plays. In 1926, she studied acting at the Pasadena Community Playhouse and appeared in Barrie's Dear Brutus. At home, two years later, she had the lead in Quality Street. Her future husband heard her recite all the characters' lines from Dear Brutus, play and sing all the songs from H.M.S. Pinafore. Long afterwards,

at Davis he and she presented scenes from The Four-Poster and Private Lives.

Beth was literally a movie star at fourteen. In March 1922, the Little Theatre Magazine of San Francisco carried her photograph as Joan of Arc, in a film that the Lilliputian Studies intended for child audiences. A year later she was on location at San Rafael, starring in Mistaken. An impressive booklet offered stock for sale in the Lilliputian Studio venture; it featured Beth Rudisill.

Absorbed in such activities, Beth attended no school between the ages of twelve and nineteen. But she read widely; she devoured the complete works of Dickens at an age when most children can barely read. In 1928, she decided to become a professor. Making up for lost time, she undertook a crash program at Santa Rosa High School. Secretly, on January 16, 1929, she married Leonard Homann, a fellow townsman whom she had met at a dramatics club tryout in 1926.

Beth Rudisill Homann entered U.C. Berkeley in 1930. Because of the depression, she left college at the end of her second year. But she returned: in 1936 she took her A.B. in English and entered graduate school. When, in 1939, an ulcer attack compelled her husband to give up his small business in Santa Rosa, she persuaded him to enter Berkeley as a freshman. Eventually he made Phi Beta Kappa; he and she became teaching assistants.

In 1946-47, Mrs. Homann completed a much-admired dissertation on kinesthetic imagery in Chaucer. Already she was commuting to U.C. Davis, first as an acting instructor, then as a regular member of the faculty. Her husband found teaching positions in Davis. After the advent in 1951 of the College of Letters and Science, Elizabeth sometimes taught not only Chaucer and seminars in medieval literature, but also Shakespeare, The English Bible, and The History of the Drama.

In 1952, 1958-59, 1962, 1966, 1969, and 1972, Professor Homann spent sabbaticals at the British Museum, the Bibliotheque Nationale, and other English and French libraries; also in Padua, Belgrade, and Budapest. Her report on the 1966 sabbatical mentions studies related not only to Chaucer but to Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William Ockham. She gathered some of this material to help three Ph.D. candidates whose dissertations she was guiding or helping to guide.

Mrs. Homann served on the Letters and Science Executive Committee. As a member of the Academic Senate's Library Committee she did valuable work in developing collections in humanities. Her own fine collection of books on Chaucer has now been placed (as she wished) in Shields Library at Davis. When she retired, in June 1975, the department gave her an elaborate reception and a beautiful copy of the Book of Kells.

She had had severe setbacks--for example, the breaking of her right wrist at the start of her sabbatical; the misery of cataracts and eye operations.

Soon after her retirement her health declined. She had a bout with pneumonia. She broke a leg. By 1977, she was an invalid in a nursing home. On October 26, 1981, she quietly died. She is survived by Leonard Homann, her husband of fifty-two years.

Beth was active in the faculty club. Her own annual lawn party always drew a crowd of graduate students and faculty. She was kind and thoughtful to her junior colleagues, especially those with young children. Although she and Leonard had no children of their own, both enjoyed playing grandparents with presents at Christmas and birthdays. The couple were official godparents to several children, for example, a baby of the Robert Below's. Professor Below was then the organist of Saint Martin's Episcopal Church. The Homanns helped to establish that church in Davis and continued to be loyal members.

J. Richard Blanchard Arthur E. McGuinness Celeste T. Wright


Ray E. Hosford, Education: Santa Barbara


Professor Ray E. Hosford of the Graduate School of Education at the University's Santa Barbara campus died April 5, 1983, at age 50 from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease). Despite declining physical ability over the prior three years, Dr. Hosford continued to supervise students, direct research, and publish manuscripts until his death. His perennial optimism and undaunted intellect during his final months were an inspiration to students and colleagues who worked with him during this time.

Professor Hosford was born during the economic depression of the 1930s in a small, poor community, now completely deserted, near Crosby, Minnesota. At the age of nine his family moved to southwest Washington, an area that throughout the rest of his life he referred to as home. He graduated from Central Washington State University with a B.A. in 1955, then began his professional career as a teacher in the Aberdeen, Washington, school district. After receiving a master's degree in counseling from Central Washington State University in 1959, he moved to Sunnyvale, California, where he remained a school counselor until 1965. In 1966 Professor Hosford earned a Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology at Stanford University and accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Education in Counseling and Behavioral Studies at the University of Wisconsin. In 1969 he joined the faculty at the University of California, Santa Barbara, as an Associate Professor of Education and was promoted to Professor in 1974. From 1970 until 1979 he was the administrative head of the Counseling Psychology Program at UCSB, building the program from a master's degree and credential program into a nationally recognized doctoral degree program that was fully approved by the American Psychological Association in 1981.

Dr. Hosford's research reflected a strong social-learning-theory orientation. While never fully accepting the label of behaviorist, he felt compelled to disabuse the counseling profession of the notion that behaviorism and humanism are antithetical, so much so that he wrote a book chapter published in 1974 entitled “Behaviorism is Humanism.”


Dr. Hosford is best known for his research and writing on Self-as-a-Model, a counseling technique he pioneered in the early 1970s. Although committed to investigations that had practical application, his research designs were theoretically strong and unfailingly experimental.

Among his numerous awards and honors were the Distinguished Alumnus Award from Central Washington State University, the ACES Publication Award from the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision, and the Distinguished Professional Service Award from the American Personnel and Guidance Association. For his contribution of five major articles to the Counseling Psychologist journal, Dr. Hosford received posthumously a special award from the journal editors. A Fellow in Division 17 of the American Psychological Association, he was also active in the American Personnel and Guidance Association and the American Educational Research Association.

Although Professor Hosford received international recognition for his roles of psychologist, educator, and researcher, he will be remembered by his students as a mentor, for he believed that the best way for a doctoral student to become a practitioner and researcher was to work alongside a journeyman psychologist. Consequently, he involved his students in all of his teaching, research, clinical, and consulting activities. He continued to function as a mentor for students up to and including the day of his death, relying the last six months of his life on a mechanical aid to communicate his thoughts.

Prior to being stricken with ALS, Professor Hosford was known by friends for his boundless energy and love of physical activity. He played tennis, worked in his garden, and gave parties at his home for students. For doctoral candidates who worked most closely with him at UCSB in the 1970s, Friday night was a time for popping corn and intellectualizing. Those whose lives he touched will miss his readily and unconditionally offered friendship.

Murray Thomas Donald Atkinson John Cotton


Donald S. Howard, Social Welfare: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Donald S. Howard was born of missionary parents in Tokyo, Japan. He spent most of his lifetime, however, in the United States.

Don received a B.S. degree from Otterbein College in 1925, an M.A. from the University of Denver in 1931, and a Ph.D. from the Graduate School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago in 1971.

Don contributed to the field of social welfare as researcher, educator, author, administrator, and as a community volunteer. He served as Director of Research and Statistics for the Colorado Emergency Relief Administration and the Works Progress Administration from 1934 to 1936. In 1936, he became, first, the Research Assistant and later the Director of the Department of Social Work Administration of the Russell Sage Foundation and remained in this post until 1948. While at the Russell Sage Foundation, he was called upon to teach part-time at Hunter College, Brooklyn College, Rutgers University, and Columbia University.

In 1948, he was invited by the University of California, Los Angeles to become the founding Dean of the School of Social Welfare. He held the Deanship from that time until 1960, and continued to serve the School admirably as professor until his retirement in 1970. After his retirement, he continued to contribute his intellectual energies to his colleagues on the faculty and to students.

Don was invited by the U.S. government to serve as a consultant on International Relief, following World War II. Between 1944 and 1946, he was given leave by the Foundation to serve as Director of Welfare Research and as Deputy Director of U.N.R.R.A., China Office.

Don was the author of numerous articles and book reviews published in leading journals in social welfare and related fields. He authored two important books, The W.P.A. and Federal Relief Policy, Russell Sage Foundation, 1942, and Social Welfare: Values, Means and Ends, New York: Random House, Inc., 1969. He was called upon frequently to give papers and public lectures.


His contributions to both the professional and university communities and to the community at large were legion. He was the recipient of many awards for his community activities and was praised for his dedication and loyal service. In his retirement years, he chaired the Los Angeles County Mental Health Board on which he had served since 1958.

Professionally, he was a member of the major professional associations in Social Welfare including the National Association of Social Workers, the American Public Welfare Association, the National Conference on Social Welfare, the International Conference on Social Welfare and the Council on Social Work Education. He held leadership positions in several of these associations.

Don was a rare person in our highly materialistic and competitive society. His early religious background was translated into a deep concern for people, for how they were faring, and how they might fare better. In his lectures and writings, Don stressed the importance of values. But he did not just talk and write values--he made them an integral part of his life--he lived them.

To Don, standards were important. He always made clear to students that he had high expectations of them in his classes. He expected much not only of them, but also of himself as an educator. He always made time for students. The students appreciated this. Many are the times, one would overhear them refer to Don as a “true scholar.”

Don made a special place for himself in the fields of social welfare and social work education from the beginning to the very end of his life. He had an overall view and knew social work as few people did. He knew it from his early work with labor, his experience with the W.P.A., his work with U.N.R.R.A., in China, as a consultant volunteer with the Mental Health Program in California, with his service to the profession as President of the American Association of Social Workers as a consultant to government agencies at the local, state, and federal levels, and as founder of a School of Social Welfare in a research oriented university.

Over his span of years, Don witnessed many societal changes, and with them changes in the profession of social work. He made a unique contribution during these changing times. Don felt deeply the value of his profession to the world, and he strove to make certain during periods of change that social work did not lose sight of its underlying values and ultimate goal--a better world for all people.

Don possessed many fine qualities. He would light-up any get-together with his boyish grin, his quick wit, and his warmth. Don was selfless in the sharing of ideas, including his manuscripts in preparation, with colleagues and students. He was a one man clipping bureau making available articles which he knew were of interest to you. Don loved to play bridge and competed with a reckless abandon.


Don was blessed with a wonderful helpmate, Bernie. They celebrated their fiftieth anniversary on June 12, 1979. In addition to Bernie, he is survived by three children: John, Margery and Bob, and four grandchildren: Greg, Lynn, David and Sara.

Jeanne Giovannoni Harry Kitano Nathan E. Cohen


Arthur Eugene Hutson, English: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Arthur Eugene Hutson died of a heart attack at the age of 75 on May 17, 1982. He was a much loved teacher and an active member of the academic community. His career also took him on two major byways, one as a member of the armed forces during the Second World War, the other as an expert witness in libel cases.

Born in Los Angeles on December 22, 1906, Art graduated from UCLA in 1928, subsequently earning a master's degree and a doctorate from Berkeley. He also studied at Harvard. He joined the Berkeley faculty in 1933, and retired from active teaching in 1972.

Art's teaching and scholarship were in the fields of Old and Middle English, especially Beowulf and Chaucer, and the literature and language of Ireland. He had a reputation among his students for enlivening his subjects by comparing ancient topics to current events; thus a battle in Beowulf might lead to a digression on baseball, or a discussion of Irish dialects might lead to a discourse in the relative purity of the language spoken in various Dublin courtrooms.

Art was also known for his wit. Donald Fry, a former student now a professor at Stony Brook, recalls reading a passage on Siegemund's victory over the dragon:

Yet it was given to him, that that sword pierced through the wondrous serpent, so that it stuck to the wall, that noble iron. The dragon died murdered.

Fry queried the passage, pointing out that if the dragon could be pinned to the wall with a sword, this implied a rather small dragon. Art replied, “Perhaps it implies a rather large sword, Mr. Fry.”

For Arthur Hutson, literature was not a subject removed from life, or a target for abstract contemplation. Real life was more action than contemplation; similarly, literature, being an imitation of life, is an imitation of action, a vehicle for allowing us to observe, in wonder and admiration, the actions of heroic or notable men.


Art's own life was a life of action. At important junctures he inhabited classic settings for human action: the battlefield, the courtroom and the forum.

A member of the Army ROTC at UCLA, Art was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Army reserve upon his graduation in 1928. He advanced to first lieutenant in 1931 and was made a captain in June, 1942, ten months after going on active duty.

He was called up for active duty in August, 1941, enduring a frantic round of army schools, both as an instructor and as a student. Among the courses he taught were cryptography-cryptanalysis, military intelligence, and censorship. At Fort Benning, Georgia, he attended the officers' course in rifle and infantry heavy weapons.

Destined for duty overseas, he tried to get into a combat unit, preferably in North Africa. The army, determined to fit a square peg into a round hole, made him a censor for the U.S. Forces, Africa, in Accra, Ghana. At one point he intervened to save the skin of a junior officer who, with more zeal than wisdom, had censored a letter written by a senior officer to his wife. The senior officer was Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

On November 16, 1943, now a major, Art was ordered to the China-Burma-India theater, where he taught Chinese troops the use of American weapons and learned Chinese as rapidly as possible. In June, 1944, he was made a Liaison Officer with the 30th Chinese Division, and on January 19, 1945, he was made commanding officer of the combat forces of the Chinese 89th Division. He enjoyed telling the story of meeting up with a hastily organized drop of American paratroopers. As the two units met, a young paratroop officer rather than saluting, extended his hand and exclaimed, “Hello, Professor Hutson!” It was a former student from his linguistic class.

Returning to the reserves after the war, Art taught military intelligence at Fort Ord, a subject which he described as “sneaking and peeking, not much else, really.” He retired from the army in 1967 as a full colonel, having been awarded the Bronze Star with clasp, the Chinese Breast Order of Yun Hui, and, a special point of pride with him, the Combat Infantryman's Badge.

Knowledgeable in linguistics, sensitive to the connotations of words, Art became a sought-after expert witness in libel cases. A case by Pat Montadon in San Francisco was eclipsed in notoriety by the case of Carol Burnett against the National Enquirer in 1981. Art supported the actress's claim that an article was derogatory to her. “The average reader, I think, would conclude that the lady was drunk,” he said. About the Enquirer's subsequent retraction, he said, “It is not a real denial. It is equivocal.” With Arthur's help, Carol Burnett won her case.

Arthur Hutson devoted much of his University time to the Academic Senate. Before the war he served on the Committee on Elections, then,

on his return to Berkeley, on the Committee on Rules and Jurisdiction. From 1948 to 1953 he was on the Statewide Editorial Committee. The retirement of President Sproul in 1958 precipitated a reorganization of the Academic Senate. Art was Chairman of the Committee on Committees the following year, succeeding Tom Steel as Secretary of the Northern Section. As an extension of this office, he served as Secretary of the Special Combined Committee on Reorganization of the Academic Senate. The plan for a newly organized Academic Senate issued by this committee in 1962 was approved in 1963.

As Secretary North occupying the only budgeted position in the statewide Academic Senate, in addition to sharing secretarial duties with the Secretary South at the Assembly meetings, Art became Secretary of the Statewide Committee on Committees and the Coordinating Committee on Graduate Affairs. He made a special effort to improve North-South relations, especially between UCLA and Berkeley. He always visited the Senate offices at the other campuses, and maintained cordial relations with their staffs.

Art's nine years as Secretary were momentous years for the university. He was the one continuing member of the team that kept the Academic Senate on course through the Free Speech Movement, the meetings that led to the Muscatine Report, and the beginning of the Vietnam war protests.

Arthur Hutson's principal publication was his British Personal Names in the Historia Regum Britanniae (Berkeley, 1940). He published additional articles on Geoffrey of Monmouth, folk-tales and translations, and loan words, and he edited treatises on grammar and Epics of the Western World.

Arthur Hutson's first wife, Elizabeth MacKenzie, passed away in 1971. He is survived by his second wife, Mrs. Eleanor Jackson Hutson, of Berkeley; a son, Daniel Hutson, of Comax, British Columbia; granddaughters Anna and Nicole Hutson, also of Comax; a stepson, Terry W. Jackson, of San Francisco; a sister, Mrs. Mabel Howe, of Palm Springs; and a sister, Mrs. Vera House, of Thousand Oaks.

Arthur Hutson was admired by his students, beloved by his friends, faithful in his stewardship to the University.

A. H. Nelson M. Chernin R. A. Cockrell B. P. Ohehir A. Renoir


Freeman Kelly James, Jr., Music: Los Angeles

Senior Lecturer
Director of the UCLA Marching and Varsity Bands

F. Kelly James came to the UCLA Department of Music in 1959 as the Associate Director of Bands under the late Clarence Sawhill. For the last ten years he was Director of the UCLA Marching and Varsity Bands. Born in Miami, Florida in 1927, he spent most of his childhood years in San Bernardino, California. He was a graduate of University of California earning his Bachelor of Arts degree at Berkeley, and his Master of Arts degree at UCLA. He served in World War II, being commissioned from a field soldier to a Division Band Officer.

Throughout his years at UCLA, Kelly, as he was affectionately called by colleagues and students alike, gave his energy and devotion to building one of the most outstanding band programs in the country. His marching bands and varsity bands were admired by students and alumni for their ability to catch the spirit and excitement of the moment. The precision and musicality of his performances were cheered by the public community and emulated by members of his profession. His musical contribution to the University, however, went beyond his own groups, first as a teacher of music and secondly as a fine arranger. He was often involved in arranging for choral groups, in musical supervision of productions for the Department of Theater Arts, and in the direction of the campus sponsored Spring Sing.

Considered to be one of nation's leading authorities on the marching band, Kelly James did much to shape the direction of marching bands over the past decades. He was in demand as adjudicator, clinician, and guest conductor. These activities took him to Europe, Canada, Mexico, and to countless high schools and colleges throughout the country. In recent years he served as Marching Band Consultant to both Disney Corporation and McDonalds Corporation. His excellence as a musician, his creative energy, and his astute sense of the sound and look of the band were highly respected by all with whom he came in contact.


Perhaps, the greatest contribution made by Kelly James was his arrangements for band. A member of A.S.C.A.P., Kelly had over one thousand arrangements, publications, and manuscripts to his credit. His best known arrangements, Sons of Westwood and the UCLA Alma Mater, will continue to echo through the Los Angeles Coliseum and Pauley Pavilion for many years to come. His skill as a teacher of band scoring and arranging ensures that his knowledge of this craft will continue on in the profession.

Kelly James was more than a band director. Above all he was an educator. His concern was for something far greater than the band, it was for the growth and development of his students. He touched the lives of all his students with his sincere interest in them. During his professional career he was mentor and friend to thousands of young people, always urging them to be the very best that they could be. His responsibility toward them did not seem to end with their graduation. He followed them on into life, helping them with their problems and rejoicing in their accomplishments. There are hundreds of people today, in all walks of life, who acknowledge the importance of Kelly James to their achievements.

On September 29, 1981, Kelly James died as a result of a stroke suffered in the autumn of 1980 while doing what he liked best, working with the UCLA Band at the UCLA-Cal football game. He is survived by his father, Freeman Kelly James, Sr. and hundreds of friends. Kelly will be missed. Few people will ever be able to match his loyalty and his contribution to the spirit of UCLA. Hail to the Hills of Westwood!

D. Weiss M. Hooper


Evelyn M. Jones, Ergonomics and Physical Education: Santa Barbara


Professor Evelyn Jones, dedicated teacher and educator, died in Santa Barbara May 8, 1981 after a two-year struggle with cancer. She was born November 28, 1918 in Lomita, California.

After completing her secondary schooling in Lomita and two years at Compton Junior College, she entered UCLA earning her B.S. degree in 1944. During the following four years Evelyn worked for the Goodyear Synthetic Rubber Corp. as a laboratory technician and for General Petroleum Corp. as an analytical chemist. She performed general analytical analysis and worked on the development of satisfactory control techniques. During part of this time she was in charge of the plant control laboratory. Since Evelyn was interested in obtaining diversified experience, she requested and was granted permission to train in all of the analytical laboratories. This experience enabled her to work with the chemical engineers on special research problems.

In 1948 she returned to UCLA to work toward an M.S. degree in Foods and Nutrition. Evelyn joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota in 1950 where she not only taught for three years but also took additional courses. She received her M.S. degree from UCLA in 1952.

In 1953 she was accepted into the Ph.D. program at the University of Wisconsin. She earned her Ph.D. in the fields of Biochemistry and Nutrition in 1956. During these three years she served as a research assistant.

She joined the faculty of Michigan State University in 1956 where she became active in research on food preservation. In a joint project with faculty in the Department of Physical Education, she studied the effects of nutrition on human performance and co-authored several publications in this field. The studies in exercise, diet and blood cholesterol levels were among the first research reports showing the effects of exercise in reducing cholesterol levels.

She continued this area of research when she joined the faculty at Santa Barbara in 1961. In 1962 Evelyn became chair of the Home Economics Department and held this position until 1973.


While serving as chair, she not only carried a full teaching load, but also devoted considerable time to curriculum revision and the development of a distinctive and academically sound home economics major. Nevertheless, in 1968, the administration made the decision to phase out the Home Economics Department as of 1973. It was a trying time with additional teaching responsibilities increasing her workload. Due to her leadership and insistence for high standards, many of her students went on to receive honors in their advanced work and in the positions they held.

In 1973 she was invited to join the Department of Ergonomics and Physical Education. Her background in nutrition was a positive addition in the fields of health, human factors and physical education.

In 1976 she became chair of this department, and in spite of serious health problems, she continued to work with the same dedication and compassion for her staff, faculty and students. She was a successful and influential teacher, but her contributions were not limited to students. She took great pride in the University community and found the energy and time to serve on many University committees where she was always a welcomed member. She was active in church work and gave much time and financial support both to her church and to campus and religious committees.

Active in many health and nutrition related organizations, she helped organize the Santa Barbara Inter-agency Nutrition Council. She was a member of the American Dietetic Association as well as its California and Tri-counties branches, the nutrition committee of the American Heart Association, the American Public Health Association and its state and Southern California branches, Institute of Food Technology and its Southern California chapter, Society for Nutrition Education, The Nutrition Today Society and the American Chemical Society. She was a long time member of the American Home Economic Association and its state and local affiliates. She was president of the local organization from 1965 to 1967.

Her memberships in scholarly societies included Sigma Xi, Sigma Delta Epsilon, Iota Sigma Pi, Omicron Nu, Phi Upsilon Omicron and Pi Gamma Mu.

The qualities she possessed were very rare and she will be greatly missed by her staff and colleagues.

Professor Jones is survived by four brothers: Roland L. Jones of Moorpark; Wendell W. Jones of Pear Blossom; Everett W. Jones of Lomita; and Robert A. Jones of Manhattan Beach.

Ernest Michael Eleanor Mathewson Lucille Woolsey


Maynard Alexander Joslyn, Nutritional Sciences: Berkeley

Professor of Food Technology, Emeritus

Maynard Alexander Joslyn died at the Veterans Hospital in Yountville on November 28, 1984, after a long illness. He was born in Alexandrovsk, Russia, on July 7, 1904. Soon thereafter, his family immigrated to the United States, where he obtained his primary education in Michigan. He obtained the B.S. degree in 1926 and the M.S. degree in 1928 from the University of California, Berkeley. After a short period of employment in the food industry, he returned to Berkeley and joined the “Division of Fruit Products” in the College of Agriculture, Berkeley, as an Instructor. “Fruit Products” was then an administrative unit, later renamed the Department of Food Science and Technology. He earned the Ph.D. degree in Chemistry in 1935 and advanced to the Professorship in 1949.

During the Second World War, he served with distinction in the Quartermaster Corps of the U.S. Army in Australia, New Zealand, and China, leaving the service following the war with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. As a result of his important contributions during this period, he was honored with the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal, and the special breast order of Yun Hui with Ribbon from the National Government of the Republic of China.

Upon his return to Berkeley, Joslyn remained a faculty member of the Department of Food Science and Technology at Berkeley, until the Department was transferred to the Davis campus in 1951. He then joined the Department of Nutritional Sciences on the Berkeley campus, from which he retired in 1972.

Joslyn is regarded as one of the founders of the science of food technology, especially in the area of chemical food analysis. He wrote the standard treatise on this subject, a meticulous work entitled Methods in Food Analysis (1950 and 1970). Not only was he a superb chemist, with an almost photographic memory of the literature in that field, but he also made extremely important contributions to changes in food quality caused

by enzymatic activities of the raw-food materials before processing and by microbiological activities before and during storage. His interest in food-processing operations led to the publication of a three-volume treatise Food Processing Operations (1963, 1964) in which he acted as Editor (with J. L. Heid).

Following the repeal of Prohibition he was asked by Professor William V. Cruess to help the California wine industry reestablish itself. He accepted this complex assignment with enthusiasm and began a series of studies on methods of wine analysis, wine clarification, stability, and other production problems. On wine analyses there were basic studies on determination of alcohol, extract, total and volatile acidity, acetaldehyde and sulfur dioxide. On wine clarification and production, he published on tartrate stability, turbidities caused by iron and copper contamination, the role of pectin in filtration, and the use of filtering aids. Outstanding in these studies was his grasp of the physico-chemical principles involved in the various reactions. The complex polyphenolic compounds of grapes and wines and their influence on astringency were among his last scientific studies on wine.

Much of the results of his work in this area was summarized in various University Bulletins and in two books on wine, Table Wines: The Technology of Their Production in California (1951, 1970), and Dessert, Appetizer and Related Flavored Wines; The Technology of Their Production (1964), both jointly with M. A. Amerine. At the same time, he and other colleagues on the faculty offered short courses for the largely untrained technicians in the wine industry. The two wine books referred to won the Diplome d'Honneur from the French Office Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin in Paris. In 1971 he was honored by the American Society of Enologists with its Merit Award.

Joslyn's research interests were not limited to wine. His studies on non-alcoholic beverages were published (with D. K. Tressler and G. L. Marsh) in a book, Fruit and Vegetable Juices (1939). A second edition was published by Tressler and Joslyn in 1971. Other aspects of his researches dealt with food preservation by freezing and dehydration. In all, he wrote or co-authored close to 400 articles dealing with numerous aspects of food science and nutrition. He had a highly organized and brilliant scientific mind and was able to apply his talents to the solution of many theoretical and practical problems. He was an effective and demanding teacher. The accomplishments of his many students, who remember him with reverence, are a reflection of his excellent teaching.

Joslyn was a member of many scientific and professional organizations. He was a charter member of the Institute of Food Technologists and served as its President in 1964-65. He was also the recipient of three of that organization's most prestigious awards, the International Award in 1961, the Babcock Hart Award for his nutrition work in 1963, and the Nicholas

Appert Award in 1966 for his contributions to the fields of food technology.

Joslyn is survived by his wife, Golda Fischer Joslyn, M.D. of Berkeley.

H. J. Phaff M. A. Amerine G. L. Marsh E. M. Mrak


Eugene Loring (née LeRoy Kerpestein), Dance: Irvine

Professor Emeritus

Eugene Loring was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and grew up in a small fishing village on an island in the Milwaukee River. His father, a saloon-keeper, trained professional boxers and from early childhood Loring danced, and participated in athletics. He had no formal training in theatre but in adolescence joined a group of amateur actors, the Wisconsin Players (of which the celebrated dance-mime Angna Enters had been a member).

After graduating from high school Loring worked in a hardware store in Milwaukee, and, when he had saved a few hundred dollars, went to New York. He was accepted into the newly formed School of American Ballet, and studied under its distinguished faculty, teachers trained in the methods of the Imperial Russian Ballet. Loring danced in George Balanchine's first American company (The American Ballet) and for Michel Fokine, at the Metropolitan Opera House and Lewisohn Stadium respectively.

In 1936 Lincoln Kirstein, the co-director with Balanchine of the School of American Ballet, formed a company called Ballet Caravan, for the development of American choreographers. Eugene Loring and Lew Christensen were the two foremost choreographers of the company, for which Loring created Billy the Kid in 1938. Although Christensen's Filling Station (1938) is the first authentic ballet Americana, Loring's Billy the Kid is acknowledged to be the first American ballet classic, and it conferred on him a distinction that placed him among the major American ballet pioneers.

During the now legendary period of dance at Bennington College in Connecticut, Loring choreographed some works. He joined Ballet Theatre (now American Ballet Theatre) at its inauguration in 1939, as choreographer and soloist. In the company's premiere season he choreographed (and danced the title role) of his avant-garde ballet: The Great American Goof, with libretto by William Saroyan. In 1941 Loring and Lew Christensen formed a company: Dance Players. Though it disbanded after a year, this troupe made a memorable contribution to the infant American ballet.

In his fecund early years Loring choreographed several ballets, many of them on American themes (Yankee Clipper; The Duke of Sacramento;

Prairie), none of which rivalled the popularity of Billy the Kid. The success of this early ballet was to haunt Loring as a choreographer; it distressed him when he was asked again and again to produce “another Billy.” But Billy the Kid has been danced around the world to high praise; it remains extant in the American Ballet Theatre's repertoire; and was set by Loring for other companies: the Oakland Ballet, Ballet West, and the Australian National Ballet; and, inexorably, it is on its enduring success that Loring's reputation rests as a choreographer.

The acclaim given him as a choreographer has to some extent obscured his reputation as the dancer. In performance he was impeccable. Whether dancing in a Loring ballet or a ballet by another choreographer, he was meticulous in his study of psychological motivation of the character, and of the character's relationship to other roles in the work. The thoughtful, exacting attitude that Loring made to performing was precisely the one that he brought to teaching, first at his well-known school in Hollywood (the American School of Dance), and then at the University of California, Irvine where he founded the Program in Dance in 1965.

Loring moved from New York to Los Angeles in 1943, on contract to MGM as choreographer. The dancing he composed for the cinema remains some of the finest ever filmed. He worked also as choreographer for Broadway musicals (Carmen Jones and Silk Stockings among them); ice shows; and television--for which he choreographed specials for Carol Channing and Cyd Charisse.

From the early 1940s Loring was preoccupied with teaching, and with the development of his principles for the education of the professional dancer. In theory this dancer was virtuoso, capable of meeting every choreographic demand. Towards these ends, Loring formulated a system of education in which all dance media (classical, contemporary and ethnic) had parity. It was commonplace, at his American School of Dance, for a great prima ballerina to share the barre with a Las Vegas chorus girl. Loring introduced the principles of this educational system at the University of California, Irvine making a professional approach to dance training that guaranteed the fullest possible knowledge of dance forms and styles for the graduate dance major.

Loring came to the Irvine campus at the invitation of Clayton Garrison, then Dean of the School of Fine Arts. During his tenure at Irvine, Loring revived his career as choreographer, in new works for the Irvine Department of Dance, and for two California companies: the San Diego Ballet and the Oakland Ballet. These Three, a ballet on the Civil Rights movement (commemorating the murders of three Freedom Marchers) was choreographed for the Robert Joffrey City Center Ballet in 1966.

Loring resigned as Chair of the Department of Dance at Irvine in 1981, and his resignation was marked by a tribute from the University, with a

program of Loring works in performance at the Fine Arts Village Theatre by Oakland Ballet. He retired to the house he had just had built, at Accord, New York, intending to continue choreographing, and with plans to revive two of his major works: The Great American Goof and Capitol of the World. He died, of cancer, at Kingston, New York on August 30 of the following year.

Loring rose to eminence at a time when American dancers were not readily recognized in theatre in the United States, where the star performers and choreographers were Russian and English artists. Small in stature, he was essentially a danseur caractere but one of remarkable percipience and wit. As a choreographer he made astute use of music and literature (Capitol of the World is based on a short story by Ernest Hemingway; the libretto of Prairie on a poem by Carl Sandburg). In the mid-1960s, when dance was not yet considered a major art and a serious undertaking by many academicians, Loring pioneered at Irvine, in the founding of a professionally directed program in dance education. His work at Irvine thoroughly absorbed him, and in 1974 he sold his Hollywood school, in order to devote himself entirely to the University. From first to last Eugene Loring was a man of insight and purpose, who never lacked the courage to support his convictions.

Olga Maynard James Penrod Janice Gudde Plastino


John F. Kessel, Parasitology and Tropical Medicine: Los Angeles

Professor of Bacteriology and Parasitology, Emeritus

John F. Kessel, distinguished microbiologist, parasitologist and educator died of natural causes after a long illness on May 1, at age 87.

John Flenniken Kessel was born February 28, 1894 in Medicine Lodge, Kansas, the son of a Free Methodist minister. As a boy, he moved to South Africa, where his early education was in a one-room schoolhouse at Fairview Mission Station, about 80 miles south of Durban; he later attended the Teachers' College of South Africa, graduating in 1914. Shortly thereafter, he returned to the U.S. and received his B.A. from Greenville College, Illinois in 1919. His marriage to Ruth Elizabeth Brodhead in 1918 and the firm offer of a fellowship from C.A. Kofoid at Berkeley convinced him to go west, where he earned his M.A. in 1921, and his Ph.D. in Parasitology and Bacteriology in 1923.

His next four years, spent as an Associate in the Department of Pathology of the Peking Union Medical College, China, led to lasting scientific friendships with leading figures in Chinese and American Medical Science, and left him a connoisseur of Chinese cooking, art, rugs and the Orient in general. After his return, he was an Associate Professor of Parasitology at UCLA from 1927 to 1929, and then spent the next 22 years as Professor and Chairman of Medical Microbiology at the USC School of Medicine. Retiring from USC in 1951, he returned to UCLA to head the Division of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine in the School of Medicine, and to direct the Pacific Tropical Diseases Project. At his death, he was an Emeritus Professor of the USC School of Medicine and of the UCLA Schools of Medicine and of Public Health.

While his initial interests (stemming from his doctoral work) centered on parasitic intestinal protozoa, in the early 1930s he turned to bacteriology, mycology and especially virology. Between 1930 and 1951, he published 26 papers on experimental virology, climaxed by his early recognition of strain differences between polio viruses and the characterization and naming of the “Leon Strain” (Strain III).


From 1951 to his death, his major interest was in filariasis and elephantiasis. His pioneering studies on the prevention of this grotesque and otherwise incurable mosquito-borne disease-process, begun in Tahiti in 1952, resulted in the elimination of this disease (but not infection) in Tahiti and Samoa during the ensuing 30 years. Shortly before his death, he could state with pride that none of the children treated in his first campaigns had developed elephantiasis. These efforts were recognized by the Government of France, which named him Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur in 1952, but more importantly, were recognized by the people of the islands. When he arrived, by air or sea, the `leis' he received required wheelbarrows for their transport. The islanders' respect and admiration were mirrored in his love for them and their islands. To the last, his loyalty was torn between the dusty African plains and the tropical islands of Oceania, Coral Trees and Hibiscus.

John was a member and officer of many professional societies and helped to found or to establish branches and affiliates of others. He was a Fellow of the A.A.A.S. and the American Public Health Association, as well as a honorary Fellow of the Society of India for Malaria and other Mosquito-Borne Diseases; other honors included Sigma Xi, Phi Sigma, Delta Omega and Phi Kappa Phi. John was the founding President of both the International Filariasis Association and the Southern California Parasitologists. His consultantships included the Los Angeles County and California State Departments of Health, the U.S. Public Health Service, the National Science Foundation and the Typing Committee of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Internationally, he was an advisor to both the South Pacific Commission and the Medical Services of American Samoa. An early member of the WHO Expert Committee on Parasitology, he chaired the Expert Committee on Filariasis from 1957-1961.

A gentle yet proud man, John was rarely without pain over his last 30 years. Surgery failed to relieve cervical arthritis, pinched lumbar nerves and sciatica. Coupled with several small strokes, age restricted him sequentially to spinal and cervical braces and his cane, then to a wheel-chair and finally to bed. Throughout this, he complained little, even rejecting physical assistance if he felt he could manage alone.

His wife, Ruth, preceded him in death in 1971. They are survived by their two children, Margaret (Mikkelsen) and John Delbert, six grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. John is also survived by the legend of his attempts to make Tahiti, Moorea & Samoa the paradises on earth which hitherto only filariasis had prevented.

Lawrence Ash Gordon Ball John Schacher


Jack Carl Kiefer, Statistics and Mathematics: Berkeley


When Jack Kiefer died in August, 1981, of a sudden heart attack, he had been at Berkeley for only three years. However, during this short time, he had established himself as a central figure of the Department of Statistics. He had, for example, served as its Vice Chair, and had become a regular, highly successful instructor in a large lower division course. At the time of his death, he was supervising six Ph.D. students.

Professor Kiefer was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and received his B.S. in Economics (after a three-year leave of absence during the Second World War to serve as 1st Lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force) and the M.S. in Economics and Engineering, both at MIT in 1948. He continued his studies at Columbia under Abraham Wald and Jacob Wolfowitz, and received the Ph.D. in Mathematical Statistics in 1952. After Wald's death in 1951, he followed Wolfowitz to the Cornell Mathematics Department where he remained for the next eighteen years, being elected the first Horace White Professor in 1971.

Professor Kiefer's research interests ranged widely over the whole area of mathematical statistics, but nearly half of his over 100 publications dealt with the optimal design of experiments, a field in which he was the internationally recognized leader. Sequential analysis was another area to which he made many fundamental contributions. Most recently, in an important series of papers, he had begun to grapple with the basic problems of conditional inference, opening up exciting new possibilities without as yet having reached any definitive conclusions. His collected works soon will be published by Springer-Verlag.

His work brought him many honors. During 1962-63, he was the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1962, he gave the Wald lectures of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, which he served as its President in 1969-70. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1972 and three years later to the National Academy of Sciences. During 1976-79 he served on the National Academy's Committee on Science and

Public Policy. He made many essential contributions to studies with a strong statistical component undertaken by this committee. His comments on diverse matters before the committee were always constructive and insightful.

In 1980, Jack Kiefer was one of four faculty members selected to initiate the University's China Exchange Program and traveled there with William Bouwsma. For the year 1981-82 he had been appointed to a Miller Research Professorship.

Jack Kiefer's many interests included politics, sports, the theatre, and music. He ran for the New York State Assembly in 1968. He followed professional sports ardently. As a student he considered careers both in show business and as a pianist. However, his most abiding outside interest was mycology, where his knowledge was professional. His excitement at finding a field of morels in the Sierra was unbounded.

He was central to the activities of the Statistics Department and his advice was greatly valued. Students, both graduate and undergraduate, were always in his office, as were the many visitors his presence lured to Berkeley. His 1979 Commencement Address to the graduating statisticians, on “Theometrics,” will long be remembered for its uproarious content and the way in which it was delivered.

Jack Kiefer was a gentle man with a great capacity for love and friendship; this was combined, however, with a fierce and sometimes combative determination to uphold the exacting standards he demanded of others, but especially of himself. Three sessions in his memory have been organized by his many friends: at the annual meeting of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in Cincinnati (August, 1982); at Cornell (July, 1983); and at Berkeley preceding the Cornell meeting.

He is survived by his wife, Dooley S. Kiefer; a son, Daniel; a daughter, Sarah, all of Ithaca, New York; and his mother, Mrs. Carl J. Kiefer of Cincinnati.

E. L. Lehmann D. R. Brillinger I. M. Singer


Jack Lester King, Biological Sciences: Santa Barbara


Jack king combined an insatiable curiosity with a gentle sense of humor, qualities which made him an invaluable colleague and friend. His sudden death of a medullary hemorrhage on June 25, 1983 ended a career distinguished by excellence in scholarship and generous and sincere service to others. His passing was a shock to all of us who knew him.

Jack was born in Oakland, California, on March 9, 1934. He loved the out-of-doors, and to him nature was a book to be studied under the open skies. Perhaps these characteristics were a reflection of his maternal grandfather, William Kat, the legendary father of Yosemite Valley rock-climbing. Bill Kat made solo climbs on Yosemite walls years before others thought of trying. His grandson Jack was a pioneer, too.

Jack received his A. B. from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1959, and stayed on to receive his M.A. in 1962 and his Ph.D. in 1963. He was an NIH Postdoctoral Fellow at Berkeley from 1963 to 1966, and pursued independent research as a biophysicist from 1966 to 1969 at the Donner Laboratory and the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. He is fondly remembered by many former colleagues at Berkeley. In 1969 he came to the University of California, Santa Barbara, as an associate professor of biology, and later advanced to full professor.

Jack had an early and significant impact on population genetics with the publication in 1969 of the article “Non-Darwinian Evolution” with Thomas H. Jukes. Jack recently commented when this article was singled out as a “citation classic”: “'Non-Darwinian Evolution' inflamed evolutionary biologists to action: most of the citations are reports of experiments that optimistically purported to have proven King and Jukes wrong at last.” The controversy continued for over a decade and its resolution vindicated many of Jack's early predictions. The neutral theory, proposed by Kimura in 1968, and by King and Jukes in 1969, is now part of the accepted framework of evolutionary genetics.

Jack's further publications consisted of a fundamental series of works on neutral substitutions and isoalleles. Another major accomplishment was

an original and synthetic treatment on the role of mutation in evolution, published in 1972. He subsequently turned his attention to the impact of his work on the electrophoretic techniques which were being applied to a broad range of questions at the time. Jack was among the first to caution that such techniques would have considerable subjective error and did not reveal a large amount of underlying allelic variation.

Recently, Jack completed the basic text Biology, the Science of Life in collaboration with Robert Wallace and Gerald Sanders. In a very competitive environment, this textbook has been enormously successful. It owes much to Jack's command of the whole field and his lucid writing style. He was hard at work on a new version, Biosphere, the Realm of Life, on the day he collapsed.

Jack served as an editor of the Journal of Molecular Evolution since 1971, and also served on the editorial boards of Evolutionary Theory and Evolutionary Monographs. He is remembered nationwide for detailed and diligent reviews of scores of submitted manuscripts which often contained ideas and solutions equal to the initial contents. As Jack's reputation grew, he traveled widely to attend the symposia which his ideas had inspired. He presented seminars or lecture series at most of the nation's major universities, and was a featured speaker at several international conferences in Europe and Japan.

Jack King's success in academics was complemented by his value as a colleague. He contributed significantly to the intellectual development of dozens of graduate students in the department of Biological Sciences, and he often cheerfully guided those of us who were less gifted through the thickets of seemingly impenetrable mathematics. His presence in a seminar guaranteed that the discussion would be lively and informative due to both the clarity of his understanding and the exuberance with which he communicated. Jack found nearly any issue in biology fascinating, and was always ready to immerse himself in learning something new. He was unaffected by dogma and preconceptions; there was no such thing as a ridiculous question for Jack.

Jack endured a significant amount of pain from various and unrelated disorders in his last five years with scant outward evidence, and with no diminution of his warmth and accessibility to students and colleagues. He spent an enormous amount of effort each year to improve the quality of his classes, resulting in a long line of undergraduates with superb training in population genetics.

We remember Jack King as a truly humane personality of the highest integrity. He will be missed most of all as a friend, and for all of us who were associated with him, his memory will not be lost. Although the world of academics is often a place where strong competition generates considerable hostility, Jack was always a voice for moderation, fairness, and tolerance.

Imbuing others with these enviable qualities was one of Jack's greatest gifts to his associates. His untimely death came at the height of his academic career, and his accomplishments are a credit to the University of California. He leaves his wife Ethel, four daughters, four sons, and two grandchildren.

Robert R. Warner Thomas H. Jukes, Berkeley Samuel S. Sweet James W. Valentine


James Ferguson King, History: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

A faculty member renowned for good humor, wit and care, and for fairness in his 21-year service in the Graduate Division of the Berkeley campus as Associate Dean in charge of grants and fellowships, James Ferguson King died in Berkeley on July 24, 1983. He had retired as Professor of History in 1980 but had been called back to a further year of service in the Graduate Division.

Born on February 16, 1913, the son of a construction engineer specializing in large projects such as tunnels, many of them abroad, the young King led a nomadic life as the family moved from one project to another. Perhaps the most influential years of the boy's life were spent in the late 1920s in Lima, Peru, where, as a substitute for continuing secondary education, he was tutored by his father's secretary, a young Peruvian graduate of a local university, and taken on trips to the varied environments of the country. In these years the future university professor acquired a fluent command of Spanish and a taste for history. At the end of the 1920s, the family settled for a time in Seattle, where the young man completed his secondary education in 1931. For his undergraduate formation, he matriculated at the University of Minnesota, where, by hard work, he secured his A.B. in 1934 in three years.

At that time the outstanding center for Latin American history was the seminar of Professor Herbert E. Bolton at the University of California, Berkeley. His already acquired interest in the history of Latin America led the young King to the Berkeley campus and the Bolton seminar. His qualities of wit and his unfailing courtesy toward others soon made him popular with his fellow students in the large seminar, just as his intelligence and industry gained him the esteem of Bolton and other faculty of the Department of History. He earned an M.A. in 1934 and a Ph.D. in 1938 for a doctorate in history in the remarkably short time of four years from his A.B. For his thesis he had chosen the then little explored theme of the history of slavery in colonial Colombia, a country whose archives were

then little known even to native scholars. As urged upon all his students by Bolton, King went to Colombia for a year of archival research in 1937-1938, finding the archives well preserved and rich. The year generated a life-long affection for Colombia just as the thesis gave impulse to the field of studies of slavery and Blacks in Latin America, then just beginning. Between 1942 and 1967, he published a series of articles on various aspects of the slave trade, the treatment of slaves, and the history of abolition in Latin America with particular attention to Colombia. Although his thesis was never published, it was widely consulted in photographic copies, a forerunner of the system in use today.

Finding a university post in the 1930s was no easy matter. It is a tribute to the promise and personality of King that, after a year as a research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, he was invited to the Department of History at Northwestern University, where he spent the years 1940-1944. In 1944 he returned to the University of California, Berkeley, where he was to spend the rest of his life. He quickly rose from assistant professor to associate professor in 1947, and to professor in 1952.

Just before returning to Berkeley, King had accepted the managing editorship of the Hispanic American Historical Review for the customary five-year term, and the editorship moved with him to Berkeley. World War II had placed the review, leader though it was in this country, under severe strains. It fell to him in an extraordinary labor of sweat and affection, to encourage scholars returning from war to write again for the review and to enforce upon them standards different from those obtaining in their war service. He was so successful that, at the end of his five-year term, the review was again on a firm basis and issued regularly.

The end of World War II also brought an influx of students into universities and later into graduate work. King met the challenge of teaching by steady revision and enlargement of the scope of his courses. He inherited from Professor Bolton joint charge of the History of the Americas, later restricted to the History of Latin America, organized new courses on the history of the period after Independence, and undergraduate and graduate seminars. In the 1950s and 1960s as many universities and colleges initiated or expanded their offerings on Latin American history, the Berkeley campus was the major source of teaching staff. A large proportion of the new teachers studied with him in an unusually generous and cordial relationship.

The qualities of fairness and courtesy which distinguished Professor King quickly brought him into departmental and university administration, where he filled numerous charges. He served as chairman of his department from 1953 to 1956, and held numerous other posts. From 1952 to 1955 he served on the Graduate Council and, from 1956 to 1961, as chairman of the campus Center for Latin American Studies, a post he later filled on a temporary basis as other chairmen finished their terms and new ones

were slow to come forward. His most distinguished service, and the one which won him many friends and admirers, was as Associate Dean of the Graduate Division, 1960-1981, where he administered the programs of grants and fellowships. Those of us who helped as consultants in the discharge of this function remember the efficiency of organization, the careful consideration required, and the agonizing care to decide fairly that characterized his administration, which continued for one year after formal retirement.

The “golden years” normally associated with retirement, alas, were not for Professor King. He died shortly after completing his seventieth year. He is survived by his wife, Emily, and two sons, James, Jr. and John.

Woodrow Borah Sanford Elberg James J. Parsons


William Julian King, Engineering: Los Angeles

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Emeritus

Professor Emeritus William Julian King, a member of the engineering faculty at UCLA for 20 years, succumbed to an illness in Sun City, California on August 10, 1983. He had moved to Sun City in 1971 after retiring from UCLA in 1969.

W. Julian King was born in 1902 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He grew up in New Orleans and received his baccalaureate in Chemical Engineering from Tulane University in 1925. Professor King's first professional employment was with the General Electric Company where he advanced from Test Engineer to Research Engineer, Development Engineer and finally Design Engineer during the years from 1926 to 1945. In 1945-46, Julian was a Research Engineer at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio. He then moved to Ithaca, New York where he became Director of the Sibley School of Mechanical Engineering at Cornell University. In July 1949, after 3 years at Cornell he accepted a professorial position in the College of Engineering at UCLA. During his tenure with General Electric, Julian returned to Tulane University and received the professional M.E. Degree. His Thesis “The Basic Laws and Data of Heat Transmission,” published in Mechanical Engineering in 1932, became a popular reference for the Engineering heat transfer practitioners of the time.

W. Julian King was also well known for his “The Unwritten Laws of Engineering,” concerned with professional conduct, and published in Mechanical Engineering in 1944. For this he was awarded the Melville Medal of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The “Unwritten Laws” are referred to even today, demonstrating their continuous relevance. His creativity at General Electric resulted in some 29 patent citations in the Company Patent Docket.

At UCLA, Professor King applied his interests in ethics and professionalism in Engineering, working hard on developing professional attitudes among the Engineering students through the course, “The Engineer and His Professional Duties” and through individual and group contacts with students.

Professor King also combined his interest in internal combustion engines, instrumentation and the serious “Smog” problem in the Los Angeles basin to conduct research concerned with analysis techniques of engine exhaust and the merit of liquified petroleum gas as a fuel for the abatement of automotive-contributed air pollution.

Professor King's keen interest in encouraging the application of modern engineering to automotive maintenance, diagnosis and testing was well known by his colleagues who often sought his advice on such matters. Over a period of 10 years after retirement, he wrote a column on Automotive Topics that appeared in local newspapers. He was an active contributor to several professional societies: The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), serving on the governing board for the Southern California Section; The American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE), serving as Vice Chairman and Chairman of the Committee on Professional Attitude in Students (Pacific Southwest Section); American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) serving in many different capacities during the intervening years. In recognition of his many contributions to the Engineering Profession and in particular to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, he was elected a Fellow of ASME in 1972 and a Life Fellow in 1979. He was also a member of the Honorary Engineering Fraternity, Tau Beta Pi.

Professor King was an unusually pleasant person, always interjecting into conversations or deliberations his good humor, in remarks or phrases quite representative of the pleasant southern hospitality which he knew so well from childhood. Because of his remarkable disposition and his many ethical and professional contributions to the broad field of engineering, Julian was held in the highest regard by his faculty peers and associates.

William Julian King is survived by his wife, Helen Ross of Sun City, their four sons, Kendall C. King of Larkspur, California, Robert J. King, Palo Alto, California, Alan R. King of Novato, California, and Stuart E. King, of Prather, California, as well as eight grandchildren.

Edward Coleman Louis Grandi William Knapp Russell O'Neill Harry Buchberg


Leo Joseph Klotz, Plant Pathology: Riverside

Professor Emeritus

The death of Leo Joseph Klotz from a heart attack on March 2, 1984 brought to a close a long and distinguished career in plant pathology that began at the University of New Hampshire in 1923. He was a prominent world authority on diseases of citrus. His many valuable research findings contributed to the recognition of the Citrus Experiment Station of the University of California as a world renowned center.

Dr. Klotz was born April 3, 1895 in Carleton, Michigan. He served in World War I from November 1917 to March 1919, with five months in France during the latter part of that period. Dr. Klotz received his bachelor's and master's degrees from Michigan State College, the latter in 1921. His first position was as a Field Assistant with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Plant Industry, working on cereal investigations in Michigan in 1921. Then, as a Rufus J. Lackland Research Fellow at the Missouri Botanical Garden, he attended Washington University in St. Louis where he was awarded the Ph.D. degree in 1923, and where his interest in physiological aspects of plant pathology was stimulated. After receiving the Ph.D. degree in 1923, Leo was appointed Assistant Professor in Botany and Assistant Botanist in the Experiment Station at the University of New Hampshire, where he worked until 1925. He was awarded a National Research Council Fellowship as a Research Associate at the Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside from 1925-28. He made an outstanding record in this position and was appointed by Dr. Howard S. Fawcett, then Department Chairman, as Assistant Plant Pathologist in the Experiment Station, continuing in the same department for this distinguished 34 year career.

Leo became Professor and Plant Pathologist in 1945, and Department Chairman in 1946. He served in this capacity with dedication and wisdom, from 1946 to 1957, an important formative period in the history of the department. During his administration several new positions were added which made this a well-rounded department, covering most of the major aspects of plant pathology.


Profiting from the early and fruitful association with Dr. Howard S. Fawcett, the pioneer citrus pathologist, Leo rapidly ascended to a position of eminence among citrus pathologists, and accepted numerous invitations to speak at international conferences and to advise on citrus and other plant disease problems in many countries, including Sicily, North Africa, Cyprus, Canary Islands, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, and Corsica.

At the time of his retirement in 1962 Professor Klotz had contributed 92 technical publications and 216 semi-technical articles, largely devoted to citrus disease problems. Included in these publications are two books, a number of bulletins and circulars, chapters in other books, and many substantial articles including invitational papers presented at international symposia. Leo authored the extremely popular and useful Color Handbook of Citrus Diseases; in 1973 he completed a revision that was published as the fourth edition. This book has been translated into French and Spanish and is very widely used by growers and research workers alike in all citrus growing countries. His early interest in scientific photography including pioneering work with color is reflected in the excellence of the illustrations in his publications. Professor Klotz continued to work very actively as Professor Emeritus for a number of years after retirement in 1962, and published an additional 22 technical and 47 semi-technical articles.

Leo received many awards and honors. The crowning honor from the University of California was the awarding of the Doctor of Laws degrees in 1965, with the citation: “Member of the staff of the Citrus Experiment Station for four decades, and since 1945, Professor of Plant Pathology. Chairman of his Department for ten of those years, and consistently productive in his research. A distinguished contributor to the fields of mycology and plant pathology through his studies on the physiology and biology of fungi and his investigation of the diseases of citrus and dates, leading to the development of valuable methods of control. Honored as First Faculty Research Lecturer at Riverside, and widely consulted as an adviser by agencies and governments around the world. For the distinction his work has brought to the University, and for his loyal service, we confer upon him today our highest honor.” Other awards and honors include: National Research Fellow in Agricultural Sciences 1925-28; Fellow, Societa Internazione di Microbiologia (Milan, Italy); Outstanding Research Contributor for 1956-57 by Riverside County Farm Bureau; Sunkist Growers Letter of Appreciation for Research Contributions, 1962; Plaque of commendation for Spanish Government of Tenerife (Canary Islands) for survey of and help with plant disease problems in 1957; appointed “Expert for Co-option/Consultation” on fruit and vegetable diseases by Chancellor, West Pakistan Agricultural University, Lyallpur, 1964.

Leo's research contributions dealt primarily with fungal and bacterial diseases of citrus in the nursery, in the field, and in storage. While his

area of special expertise involved the control of Phytophthora-induced diseases in citrus, he made many contributions dealing with other fungal diseases and with bacterial and viral diseases as well.

His studies of the enzymes of Phytophthora citrophthora and the biology of that pathogen are classical contributions. Leo also developed control measures for Phytophthora brown rot in the field, initiated the use of heat in the wash tank in the packing house to supplement fungicidal control measures in the field, introduced surgical methods in treating gummosis lesions, developed methods with selected fumigants to treat soils for replanting to citrus, made a study of resistance in rootstocks and selected those tolerant of attack, used heat to treat seed and root systems of citrus, studied the role of oxygen in the distribution of root rotting fungi, and determined the effects of soil moisture and aeration on root decay of citrus.

Leo introduced the use of nitrogen trichloride in the packing house to reduce the Penicillium spore concentration in the air. He studied the toxic effect of certain chemical solutions on spores of Penicillium italicum and P. digitatum and introduced chemicals in the wash tank for protecting wounds on the fruit from infection. He controlled Trichoderma infection of fruit from packing box wood by use of a polyethylene barrier. He also contributed to the use of fungistatic materials in the carton.

He accomplished control of Rhizoctonia damping-off citrus seedlings by the acidification of the soil with aluminum sulfate to encourage the development of Trichoderma whose toxic metabolite suppressed Rhizoctonia. He developed fungicidal control measures for bacterial blast and black pit. He studied the effects of 2,4-D on citrus fruit stem dieback and fruit drop which led to its use by the citrus industry for holding fruit on the tree. His studies of viral diseases included tristeza, psorosis and psorosis-like diseases of citrus and furnished background data for the development of citrus indexing procedures.

Leo was respected and universally liked by all who came in contact with him during his over 50 years of association with the Riverside campus. His wise counsel, vision of the future development of this department, outstanding contributions in basic as well as soundly applied aspects of plant pathology, and many trips abroad did much to establish the international reputation of the University of California, Riverside in citrus disease research. Leo had a combination of marvelous personal qualities that are found all too rarely. He was an understanding and wonderful friend to many of us. Professor Klotz is survived by his wife Esther, to whom he was married more than 50 years, and two children, Eunice Riemer of Vermont, and Professor Jerome Klotz of the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

A. M. Boyce E. C. Calavan H. D. Chapman G. A. Zentmyer


Claude Arthur Knight, Molecular Biology: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

For 34 years, Claude Arthur Knight, known as Art among his friends, contributed immensely to the Berkeley Campus through conscientious teaching, scholarly research, and devoted service on departmental and university committees. Art joined the faculty in 1948 as an Associate Professor in the newly formed Department of Biochemistry and, with Wendell M. Stanley, played a major role in the development of the Virus Laboratory as one of the preeminent organized research units in the University. In 1976, although he was contemplating retiring to his home in St. Helena, California, he characteristically assented to the desires and needs of his colleagues by becoming the Director of the Virus Laboratory and Chairman of the Department of Molecular Biology; he fulfilled these responsibilities until his retirement in 1978.

Art Knight was born and raised in Michigan and obtained his B.S. degree in 1936 from Alma College, a Presbyterian college in central Michigan. After starting in college with the idea of earning a degree in business administration, he was forced to leave school in order to earn sufficient money to support himself and contribute to his family. Upon his return to college after working for one year, he became interested in pursuing medical training but economic pressures again intervened because it seemed unlikely that he would be able to afford medical school. As a consequence, he enrolled in a chemistry program with the long-term goal to study biochemistry in graduate school; in that way he visualized pursuing his interests in medical science. Accordingly, he became a graduate student at Pennsylvania State University, where he obtained the Ph.D. degree in 1940 in the Department of Agricultural and Biological Chemistry. Upon completing his research on the metabolism of Vitamin C in the dairy cow, he became a postdoctoral fellow at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research at Princeton University. There he initiated the pioneering and rewarding research on the chemistry of viruses which continued unabated for the next 38 years.

Just at the time when Art was obtaining his first exciting results on the amino-acid composition of various strains of tobacco-mosaic virus, he had

to abandon the research temporarily. American troops were fighting in diverse areas of the world and there was an urgent need to provide some protection for them by developing an effective vaccine against influenza. As a key member of Wendell Stanley's research group, Art became heavily engaged in the effort which led to a highly purified influenza virus and then to the development of an effective vaccine which was officially adopted by the U.S. Army. For that work, he and the others in that small group at the Rockefeller Institute received certificates of merit from the Office of Scientific Research and Development.

Although Art's interest in influenza virus persisted throughout his career and even intensified just before his retirement, the main focus of his research at Berkeley was on plant viruses and the chemical events of virus infection and mutation. It was he who showed that strains of tobacco-mosaic virus differed in their amino-acid composition. This discovery represented the beginning of understanding of mutations in viruses. To succeed in this pioneering research he had to isolate highly purified virus preparations and develop quantitative methods for analyzing them. His standards were high. Not only was he innovative in adapting and modifying the chemical and microbiological methods available at the time, but he was rigorous in their application. His versatility in developing highly accurate analytical techniques, coupled with his diligence in applying them, enabled him to detect the very small differences among the various strains.

Art Knight was extremely modest about his scientific accomplishments and during the explosive growth of knowledge in molecular biology in the past thirty years, he tended to minimize his own important contributions to present-day understanding of molecular virology. But he will be remembered for the classical demonstration that mutations led to amino-acid changes in viruses. He also is credited, along with Ieuan Harris, with the discovery that tobacco-mosaic virus particles contained about 3,000 protein subunits, each with a molecular weight of approximately 17,000. Their experiments were elegant in their simplicity and their findings had a profound impact in the development of the concept that viruses and large proteins were constructed from small identical subunits arranged in highly organized structures.

When the emphasis in research on viruses changed from proteins to nucleic acids, Art turned his attention to this area. With students and postdoctoral fellows he used novel approaches aimed at locating and identifying genes in the ribonucleic acid of tobacco-mosaic virus. Clever mapping procedures for identifying nucleotides and oligonucleotides were devised. These techniques were then used to probe the mechanism of action of various enzymes which hydrolyzed nucleic acids. Art Knight was always interested in learning, modifying, adapting, and exploiting techniques for attacking biological problems. He was a skilled experimentalist and his

success, for example, in locating the gene encoding the coat protein of tobacco-mosaic virus is clearly attributable to the combined use of many of the innovative procedures developed in his laboratory.

The same high standards clearly evident in his 140 scientific papers were also manifested in his teaching at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. His lectures were sparked with wit and fascinating anecdotes. In 1963 he completed his first book, Chemistry of Viruses, which was used extensively in graduate teaching in the Department of Biochemistry. A revised edition was published in 1975. When the need developed on the Berkeley campus for undergraduate instruction in virology, Art volunteered to teach a new course in the Department of Molecular Biology. This led in 1974 to his highly successful comprehensive book, Molecular Virology, designed for undergraduates in biology and chemistry interested in understanding basic principles of virology. Art's love of teaching and his interest in students who valued his patient, inspiring guidance resulted in his attracting a large number of undergraduate and graduate students to his laboratory. In addition to guiding a large number of postdoctoral fellows, he supervised 20 graduate students in their research for the Ph.D. He was years ahead of his time in initiating a Summer Institute in Molecular Biology for high school teachers. For eight years the National Science Foundation Summer Institute was directed by him and each year about 50 high school teachers from various states throughout the country were enrolled in the course. Many of us who participated as guest lecturers recall the enthusiasm and devotion Art showed for this course and his conviction that science teaching would prosper nationally from such activity.

Reminiscences about Art that are limited to his role as a teacher or a research scientist would be inadequate. All of us recall his gentle humor, his modesty, his quiet good sense, and his genuine concern for others. He was easily approachable, always optimistic, kind, patient, generous with his time, and a source of invaluable advice and encouragement. Although he had deep convictions about scientific, educational, political, and social issues, he was remarkable for his tolerance and willingness to see another person's point of view. Art always had outside interests that changed continually throughout the years. He was active for many years in the El Cerrito Methodist Church. His love of plants, flowers, and fruit trees resulted in a magnificent garden and orchard at his home in St. Helena. He became a wine aficionado and collector, and, upon his retirement, he developed a keen interest in carpentry.

Art was basically an optimistic person who, in his quiet, peaceful way, exhibited confidence that the problems of the day would be solved by careful, patient effort. This gentle, cheerful optimism sustained him throughout his bout with cancer. His friends, colleagues and students, along with his wife, Billie, his daughter Susie, and his sons, Tom and Bob, will not forget

Art's personal qualities that inspired a special kind of devotion.

Howard K. Schachman William N. Takahashi Robley C. Williams


Elsie Marie Knoer, Economics: Davis

Assistant Professor

On January 29, 1985, Elsie Knoer died suddenly as a result of what was officially described as “therapeutic misadventure” in treatment of pneumonia. To her family, colleagues and friends--of whom there were many--Elsie's death came as a shock. She was a spirited woman, full of life, indeed getting ready to give birth, again. A graduate of Sacred Heart Academy in Clifton, Ohio, Elsie went on to study first physics, and then mathematics at Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, and George Mason College, Arlington, Virginia. Having moved once more, she earned a B.S. degree in mathematics from Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona in 1972. Subsequently, she studied economics at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, and earned the M.S. degree in 1974 and the Ph.D. in 1978. Her teaching career began at Arizona State University in 1977. In 1979, she came to U.C. Davis, first as a visitor, to become a member of the regular faculty soon afterwards. Elsie was a mathematical economist. She published several papers, including the well received “Economics as Distributions: Implications for Aggregation and Stability” in the Journal of Economic Theory. Although mathematical economics remained her main field of interest, Elsie became an accomplished teacher of economic principles. Her economic principles course, which she taught to hundreds of students at U.C. Davis, was known for its rigor and high standards. In addition to her deep involvement in teaching, she also was active in several campus committees, especially those dealing with the status of women and women's studies and research. As a woman, fully committed to her family and shouldering the resulting obligations, Elsie had a special understanding for the problems of women in academia. She gave her best trying to resolve these problems. She also had a deep compassion for the underprivileged and those who need help. All who knew her do certainly miss her.

Moshe Adler Andrzej Brzeski Elias Tuma


Harold Koontz, Management: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Prof. Harold Koontz, age 75, died February 11, 1984. Prof. Koontz started as a professor of Management in the UCLA School of Business (now the Graduate School of Management) in 1950, after extensive business experience and government service. He retired in July 1979.

Harold Koontz had a remarkable career in working with top managers in business and government and in teaching and writing in the field of the management of organizations.

His first book, (Men, Groups and the Community) was produced in 1939 with T. H. Robinson and others. At the time of his death he had written and revised, with other authors, twenty-five books. A number of his books were milestones in management literature but the most outstanding, written with Prof. Cyril O'Donnell and later Prof. Hans Weihrich, was Principles of Management. The book, first published in 1955, is now in its eighth edition and has been translated into fifteen foreign languages. When published the book immediately became a dominant textbook, a position it still holds, and required reading for students and managers throughout the world seeking a basic understanding of the management processes.

A number of his other books broke new paths in management thought. Two are particularly noteworthy. In 1964, with other authors, Prof. Koontz sought to build a unified management discipline from the many different approaches to management with the publication of Towards a Unified Theory of Management. In 1975, with Prof. Robert Fulmer, he published A Practical Introduction to Business, now in its fourth edition, which was an instant success in universities and colleges.

He consistently contributed to the analysis and study of management through the publication of ninety articles in professional and scholarly journals.

Prof. Koontz's scholarship and professional contributions were recognized with many personal honors of which the most noteworthy was his association with the Academy of Management. In 1957 he was named a fellow of the

Academy of Management, and in 1962 a fellow of the International Academy of Management. During his tenure as President of the Academy of Management (1963) he began the work which led to the establishment of regional divisions of the Academy which are now the major organizational strength of the Academy. From 1975 to 1982 he served as Chancellor of the International Academy of Management.

In almost a half century of teaching Harold Koontz enriched the lives of thousands of students by bringing to his classes both scholarly and practical insights into the theories and practices of management.

Prof. Koontz was a keynote speaker and invited lecturer both in the United States and abroad at numerous universities, scholarly meetings, executive seminars and business conventions. His speaking and writing were based on earlier full-time employment in many companies, service on the boards of directors of several business organizations, and international management consulting.

Prof. Koontz was a congenial, valuable colleague who was always available to any colleague needing help, frequently taking the initiative in advancing colleagues' careers.

Many years ago David Hume wrote: “The sweetest path of life leads through the avenues of learning, and whoever can open up the way for another ought to be esteemed a benefactor of mankind.” Harold Koontz was such a benefactor.

He is survived by his wife Mary and two daughters Mrs. Karen Dickson of Woodland Hills and Mrs. Jeanne Gullixson of Sherman Oaks.

George Steiner F. Fred Weston Fred Case


Vernon Albert Kramer, Mathematics: Riverside

Associate Professor

“I want to teach teachers” was Vern's response to the inevitable question after his first day of school in rural eastern Washington. He never lost sight of this ambition during his formative years, deciding that excellence in his academic pursuits would help assure a career as a university teacher--his grades were always the highest in the class.

Born on March 11, 1924, in Marcellus, Washington, Vern remained in Washington during his childhood, attending public schools in Herrington and Yakima. He began his undergraduate studies at the University of Washington, where his gift for mathematics was discovered and nurtured. These studies were interrupted by World War II. Vern entered the U.S. Army in 1943 and was assigned to the Signal Corps. He spent the remainder of the war years studying electrical engineering at New York University. After the war Vern returned to the University of Washington, where he completed the work for B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mathematics.

In the late 1940s Vern was a student of Professor A. A. Albert at the University of Chicago. It was during this period that he met Eileen Rifenburgh, whom he married in 1950. Vern and Eileen began their 34 years of marriage in Tucson, where for two years Vern was a member of the Mathematics Department of the University of Arizona. In 1952 Vern went to the University of California at Berkeley where he began his studies for the doctorate in mathematics under the guidance of Professor Frantisek Wolf.

In the summer of 1954 Professor W. Conway Pierce hired Vern to become a member of the Physical Sciences faculty at the fledgling campus of the University of California at Riverside. In those early days before the Physical Sciences Division split into separate departments Vern did yeoman's service for what was later to become the Mathematics Department. While teaching, what today would be considered an unreasonably heavy teaching load, he also worked hard at laying the foundations of the incipient mathematics department. He authored curricula, catalog copy and grant proposals. He conducted extensive searches for new faculty and worked with the administration

in the development of the structure of the new department. He counseled students and created the standards for the various forms of the major in mathematics. He ordered supplies and equipment and performed the myriad other tasks required by a department in its embryonic state. In addition to all this Vern acted as the nominal chairman during most of these years and published the results of some commendable research, some of his own independent work, and some in collaboration with colleagues. Vern was just the right person to act as midwife at the birth of what was later to become an important department. He did his work with enthusiasm and inspired others to help.

Vern realized his ambition to teach teachers. He had a great talent for teaching which was recognized by many of his students who today emulate many of his teaching techniques in classrooms throughout our country.

Vern and Eileen were anticipating a pleasant sabbatical year at Oregon State University in Corvallis and had just taken up residence there when Vern suddenly died after a short illness. He leaves his wife and two grown children, Karla and Lawrence.

He is remembered by his colleagues as a shy and gentle person with a wry sense of humor and a fierce loyalty for his friends and causes. He is sorely missed.

Charles J. A. Halberg, Jr. H. Homer Aschmann Carl G. Uhr


Albert Paul Krueger, Bacteriology: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Albert Paul Krueger, Professor Emeritus of Bacteriology and Emeritus Lecturer in Medicine, died of complications following surgery at Peralta Hospital in Oakland, on December 8, 1982, at the age of 80. He was born in Butte, Montana, and his formative years were spent there except for a two-year period in Germany just prior to World War I. His high school education was completed at Lowell High in San Francisco from which he entered Stanford, graduating with an A.B. in 1925 followed by an M.D. in 1929.

During his medical-school years (1927-29), he served as Acting Instructor and Assistant Professor of Bacteriology and Experimental Pathology, and developed his lifelong interest in microbiology. Following graduation from Stanford, he accepted a position at the Rockefeller Institute as an Associate in general physiology. It was here, in the laboratory of John Northrup, that he developed an interest in bacteriophage, an interest he carried back to Berkeley in 1931 when he joined the then Department of Bacteriology as an Associate Professor. Krueger's initial interest in bacteriophages was centered primarily around their biophysical and biochemical responses to various chemical inactivants such as heavy metals, salts, and heat. He then turned his attention to lysis and phage-precursor formation particularly in staphylococci; this became a lifetime interest.

From this work he devised a means of producing antigens through the use of a Ball Mill, thereby avoiding denaturation of the proteins of the organism in question and producing an antigen of superior quality. This culminated in his 1933 publication in the J. Infectious Diseases on the preparation of bacterial antigens, a technique which was adopted by a major drug company as a means of producing superior bacterial vaccines.

Kruger also became interested in the use of immune sera against streptococci and staphylococci from a purely medical standpoint. These immune sera were of immense utility before sulphonomide and other antibiotics were available. He was extremely successful with these drugs and only the timely

introduction of penicillin dimmed the lustre of these sera for prophylaxsis and therapy.

Because of his interest in infectious disease, Krueger had long been convinced that respiratory infections such as influenza were some of the worst enemies the armed forces had to face. In 1934, he was able to convince the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery to found Naval Laboratory Research Unit--1 with headquarters in the Life Sciences Building and with him as its commanding officer. The wisdom of his foresight was amply rewarded when the laboratory was mobilized as an active-duty unit on 31 January 1941, and subsequently renamed Naval Medical Research Unit-1 or NAMRU-1. It served as a prototype for similar units in the United States, the Middle East, and Taiwan.

Krueger served as commanding officer of NAMRU-1 from 1941 to 1946, directing studies on various respiratory diseases, in particular influenza, and other epidemiological problems of the Navy. In 1946, the then newly created Office of Naval Research (ONR) established ONR Task V, committed to the performance of basic academic research in the field of airborne infections, with Krueger as its director. This was enlarged in May, 1950 to become the Naval Biological Laboratory, an authorized organized research unit of the Berkeley campus with Krueger as its first scientific director. He served in this position until 1954, but remained as a medical consultant until 1972. For his services to the Navy he was awarded the Legion of Merit, the certificate of appreciation from ONR, and, one he particularly appreciated, the certificate of Merit from the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery in 1968.

He became Professor Emeritus in 1957 and then began a whole new era of research activity. For some years he had possessed more than a passing interest in the biological effects of negatively and positively charged air ions. In 1957, in laboratory space specially converted and adapted to their study, he began investigating intensively their effects on plants and animals, particularly those of negatively charged air ions. In more than 75 publications over a 25-year period, he invested this field not only with information but, it is fair to say, with respectability. He was scrupulous in design of experiments, painstaking in their performance, and demanding accuracy and reproducibility. These qualities elevated this field from the level of a medical curiosity to a scientific discipline.

Krueger was the first to link the effects of air ions with the production and subsequent enzymatic oxidation of 5-hydroxytryptamine in mammals, and also with effects on the cytochrome oxidase system. His pioneering work on ion effects on both plants and animals has been recognized worldwide.

Krueger was a splendid teacher, as those of us writing this will attest. He was knowledgeable, patient, thorough, and always very precise. He was also kind, with a pleasant sense of humor that dispelled anxiety and replaced it with interest directed toward focusing on the problem at hand.


He never forgot that he was a physician. He continued to consult with both colleagues and organizations, and maintained a small practice devoted primarily to diseases of infectious origin.

Krueger will be missed not only for his scientific abilities and his teaching skills, but because he was a decent human being--one you count yourself the better for having known, and feel saddened that your friendship had to end.

He is survived by his wife, Mildred, one son, James, and one daughter, Elsie.

S. H. Madin W. Chesbro S. S. Elberg N. A. Vedros H. M. S. Watkins


Myron Edward Krueger, Forestry: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Myron E. Krueger, Professor Emeritus of logging and forest engineering in the Department of Forestry at the University of California, Berkeley, died in Walnut Creek on April 13, 1983, at the age of 92.

Born in Glenville, N.Y., Krueger earned bachelor degrees from Union College and Cornell University in New York. While still a forestry student at Cornell, he worked as a logger in the Adirondacks and, following graduation, engaged in logging and milling activities in Oregon, Washington and California. Upon earning his Master's degree in forestry at UC Berkeley in 1917, he spent a brief stint in the U.S. Forest Service, and then served in the 20th Engineers, U.S. Army, in the Landes Region of France, helping to provide forest products for the army. After the War he returned to the Forest Service and then spent six years as a logging engineer with the Pacific Lumber Company at Scotia and the Northern Redwood Company at Korbel, California.

In 1925 Krueger was recruited by Walter Mulford, his forestry mentor at both Cornell and UC Berkeley, and joined the Faculty as an Associate Professor, teaching logging and forest engineering. His courses in these fields evolved from an initial largely technical orientation to one of considerable emphasis on economics. The trend was facilitated by a sabbatical in 1932-33 spent on graduate study in agricultural economics at Harvard. Thereafter, his courses and seminars were attended by an increasing number of young foresters interested in economics and thus were seminal for the field of forest economics which gradually emerged during the 1930s.

During the first decade of his faculty tenure, Krueger conducted extensive research on economics of timber production. In 1929 he published a significant bulletin on the relationship of log-size to costs of production in Sierra Nevada lumbering. This study was one of the pioneering efforts to apply economic analysis to forestry operations. In addition to its significance for research methodology in forestry, the work was influential in encouraging application of a form of selective harvest to the virgin mixed-conifer forests of the Sierra.


Krueger was first and foremost a professional who recognized the central importance of getting forestry applied on the ground. To this end he was instrumental in extending and improving both the School's Summer Camp at Meadow Valley in the Plumas National Forest and in recommending acceptance by the University of the present Blodgett Experimental Forest in Eldorado County. Both facilities are now outstanding resources for teaching, research, and demonstration of forestry practices. Until 1942, he had primarily administrative responsibility for the Summer Field Course offered at Meadow Valley, which has always been a central feature of the undergraduate forestry curriculum.

In his quiet way, he contributed greatly to the academic and personal growth of several younger members of the faculty and was fortunate in having a wife, Etta, who aided him in these endeavors. He was at pains to encourage newly appointed colleagues to participate actively in departmental, Academic Senate, and Faculty Club proceedings.

Besides his teaching and research while on the Faculty, Krueger served on several Academic Senate Committees, was a senior lumber-code examiner under the NRA in 1934, and was on the Council of the Society of American Foresters from 1938 to 1941. He was a member of the SAF Accrediting Committee for forestry schools from 1946 to 1955, serving as its chairman from 1948 on. During his chairmanship, Krueger was largely responsible for a substantial strengthening of the professional accreditation standards applied to forestry schools throughout the country. During World War II, he was coordinator of the Army Special Training Program on campus and after the War was coordinator of veterans' education for all campuses of the University. In 1951 he was elected a Fellow of the Society of American Foresters and in 1952 was awarded the honorary degree Doctor of Science by Union College. For two years (1954-56), he served as President of the City of Berkeley Community Chest.

His Academic Senate service was especially important to the well-being of the Faculty. He was a member of the Committee on University Welfare for six years (1942-1948), serving as chairman for the last three, and for three years was a member of the Committee on Privilege and Tenure. During this period he was one of the leaders in the successful effort to improve the faculty retirement system, which, up to this time, had been significantly inferior to the State's Public Employees Retirement System. He also was one of the pioneers in the move to avail the Faculty of group hospital and medical benefits. Although the first two organizations, the Medical Services League and the Ross-Loos Clinic, did not survive, the faculty group was able to join the Kaiser Permanente Organization which originated in the Bay Area shipyards during the war and has flourished since then.

After his retirement in 1955, Krueger and S.T. Dana conducted a study sponsored by American Forestry Association of the ownership and management

of California lands, the results of which were published in 1958. He continued to serve on SAF committees and to participate in civic activities in Berkeley and Sebastopol. Widowed early in his retirement, he applied his energy and enthusiasm to lawn bowling and his church and remained active until a few days before his death.

Always alert to turn a phrase to induce a laugh and never too busy to lend a helping hand to lighten the load of students, colleagues and friends, Krueger will long be remembered by all who had the good fortune to be associated with him.

Robert A. Cockrell R. N. Colwell H. J. Vaux


Carl Landauer, Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Carl Landauer died in Oakland on October 16, 1983, the day after his 92nd birthday and only two days before his last book was published. He had been on the faculty of the University of California for nearly half a century. Stimulating teacher, prolific and erudite scholar, a man of the highest moral standards, good citizen of the University and the United States, prized colleague and wise counselor, a splendid and warm human being--such was the Carl Landauer we knew and will remember with admiration and fondness.

Born in Munich in 1891, Landauer received his doctorate at Heidelberg, worked for seven years for Der Deutsche Volkswirt, the leading economic periodical of Weimar Germany, and served as professor at the Commercial University in Berlin up to 1933. Member of the Social-Democratic Party from 1912, he became one of its main economic theorists. A passionate defender of democracy and human rights, he was active in his party's struggle against the short-lived Bavarian Soviet government of 1919, and of course also a decade later against the rising Nazi tide, which forced him to flee his native land.

In 1934, he joined the Department of Economics at Berkeley. For the next 36 years, until 1970, long beyond his formal retirement in 1959, Landauer taught courses and seminars on “social reform movements,” “comparative economic systems,” and other fields in economics. In his later years he devoted much effort to developing and teaching an integrated social science course for undergraduates, an essential part of his philosophy of university education. Honorary degrees were bestowed on him by the University of California in 1962 and by the University of Hamburg in 1967. The prestigious Award for Cultural Achievement was presented to him in 1974 by the German Labor Federation.

The academic values and the fortunes of this University were always close to Landauer's heart. Many still remember his cogent and eloquent speeches on the floor of the Academic Senate in behalf of good sense and

practical moderation during such critical periods as the oath controversy of the early fifties and the campus unrest of the sixties. Theory of National Economic Planning (1944, revised 1947) was his first American book. Landauer's scholarship dealt primarily with the systems and institutions that define economic life, and particularly their continuity, persistence, evolution, and change. In this spirit he wrote the definitive two-volume work, European Socialism (1959), a monument to his encyclopedic knowledge, good judgment, and impeccable objectivity. A perceptive study, Germany: Illusions and Dilemmas (1969), attests to his intense but detached concern with the fortunes of his native land.

Deserving of special note is Landauer's seminal contribution to the concept and theory of competitive market socialism. As one of the small group of German Marktsozialisten, in the course of the 1920s he developed and sharpened the outlines of a socialist economy committed at once to efficiency, distributive fairness, and (not the least) political democracy. His solution--summed up in Planwirtschaft und Verkehrswirtschaft (Planned Economy and Market Economy, 1931)--rings familiar to us today after the Yugoslav and Hungarian economic reforms, but was as daring in its time as it was original. Stressing that a socialist society would rely on material incentives and retain some inequality of incomes and conflicts of interest, he proposed a model that included socialist ownership, profit-sharing by workers, state-appointed managers, the profit motive, a full-fledged market mechanism, freely moving prices, aversion to both bureaucracy and monopoly, and what today we would call indicative planning. With great insight and foresight, he discussed the many practical problems and difficulties inherent in the model, always with an eye to the pragmatic and the feasible.

Though physically frail in his last years, he remained intellectually vigorous to the end. In 1983, his monograph, Corporate State Ideologies: Historical Roots and Philosophical Origins--where “corporate” refers to the system of political representation, not to business organization--was published posthumously by the Institute of International Studies at Berkeley.

Gregory Grossman Ewald T. Grether John M. Letiche


Joseph E. Lantagne, Ergonomics and Physical Education: Santa Barbara

Professor Emeritus

Dr. Joseph E. Lantagne died of cancer on March 28, 1981. Joe was born February 6, 1911, in Deerhorn, Manitoba, Canada. He graduated from Santa Cruz High School, California, and earned the B.A. degree at San Jose State College and both the M.A. degree in physical education and the Ed.D. degree in health at Stanford University.

While working on his M.A. at Stanford University, Joe was an instructor in health education as well as head athletic trainer. He developed a keen interest in the field of health under Dr. Oliver E. Byrd, preeminent leader in the teaching of health education. Joe's interest in physical education complemented his interest in health. An outstanding athlete in high school and college, he always enjoyed coaching, scouting and all contact sports and athletics.

World War II interrupted his study for the doctoral degree and his teaching at Santa Barbara State College (later UCSB). In 1942, he joined the Army Air Corps where he rose to the rank of major. His specific interest in health, along with his enormous energy and administrative ability led to his assignment as chief of reconditioning services--physical, educational, and occupational therapy and counseling--at Moore General Hospital, North Carolina. Following the war, he was appointed to the Santa Barbara Air Force Reserve Squadron, where he served as educational and then commanding officer. In 1970 he retired from the military with the rank of lieutenant colonel and with a commendation for outstanding leadership from the Continental Air Command.

Throughout his career, whether teaching badminton or physiology of exercise, coaching boxing or baseball, supervising student teachers, or chairing a committee, Joe applied the same high standards and total commitment to all of his assignments at the University of California, Santa Barbara. While he was chairman of the Department of Health and Physical Education, 1956-62 and 1965-66, he was responsible for the employment

of additional scholars and the integration of research into professional aspects of the department to meet the changing focus of the Santa Barbara campus. Although research was being emphasized, he remained convinced that students attend the University to receive a quality education which includes excellence in teaching.

From Joe's own experience in working his way through high school and college, he was convinced that students often deserve a helping hand. He encouraged many college men and women through educational and, if requested, personal advisement. He gave freely of himself to all students and for the industrious he went even further and on occasion provided financial assistance. He took satisfaction in the personal growth of his students and their educational and professional success.

During the post-war transition period of the Santa Barbara campus, only a few of the faculty were involved with research. Joe was one of these and was supported from several University grants. His own research was both creative and innovative. He developed a “Health Interest Inventory” which he used in his research to upgrade his teaching. He first taught marriage and the family at Stanford. Providing material for his research as well as an arena for his dynamic teaching methods, this course became so popular at UCSB that it was always filled to capacity. Today the teaching methods and subject matter which he promulgated are widely employed.

Joe had the interest and energy to actively contribute to many civic functions, University committees and professional organizations. He spoke at numerous community meetings, was the local chairman of the World Health Organization, and was active in both the California and National School Health Association. He was a consultant in developing the Health Guide for California School Health. He was Vice President and President of the Health Education Section of the California Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, as well as chairman of the district, state and national committees on research in health. He was honored by being named one of the first Fellows of the College of Sports Medicine. Joe will always be remembered for maintaining the highest standards and for complete dedication to his profession.

Joe retired as Professor, Emeritus, in 1974.

Survivors include his wife, Marie; a son, Joseph; a daughter, Jeanne Reitz; two sisters, Mary Fletcher and Dora Lantagne; and five grandchildren.

Ernest Michael Mayville Kelliher Wilton Wilton


John S. Lawrence, Medicine: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

John S. Lawrence, Professor Emeritus of Medicine, died in Redlands, California, in October, 1983.

Born in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, Dr. Lawrence received his B.A. and M.D. degrees at the University of Virginia. After serving as an intern at Boston City Hospital and a resident at Massachusetts General Hospital, he became chief medical resident at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

He began his distinguished career in academic medicine as an instructor at Vanderbilt. Over the years, he held several other positions: instructor at Harvard Medical Service and the Thorndike Memorial Laboratory; associate professor and chief of the division of hematology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry; and professor and founding chair of the Department of Medicine at UCLA. Though he retired in 1963, he conducted research at UCLA for the next few years. He then moved to Redlands, where he was active until the age of 80 as chief medical consultant to the San Bernardino General Hospital.

Dr. Lawrence published over 100 papers, mostly in hematology. He conducted his experiments with meticulous care, checked them repeatedly for accuracy, and presented them honestly and modestly--never with hasty conclusions or premature speculations. His studies in leukocyte physiology, granulopieses, and leukopenic states were ground-breaking, and his work on leukocyte alkaline phosphatase activity was a stepping-stone to the findings of nine errors in red cell metabolism that cause hereditary hemolytic anemias.

He was a compassionate physician, acutely aware that the subject of medicine is people--not molecules.

As one of the first founding chairs at UCLA, Dr. Lawrence was an architect not only of the Department of Medicine but of the entire medical school. Despite administrative responsibilities, he maintained his “Professor's Rounds” and was sought as a consultant in internal medicine and hematology by his colleagues on the faculty and in the community. He cemented bonds

with physicians in the community and with affiliated institutions. Genuinely concerned with what was right and good for his trainees and faculty, he was the antithesis of a “packaged image” approach to leadership.

Dr. Lawrence was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, the Association of American Physicians, and the American Clinical and Climatological Association. He was a working member of the American Board of Internal Medicine and a Master, since 1969, of the American College of Physicians. In 1964 he presented the Frank Billings Memorial Lecture on “Irradiation Leukomogenesis” to the AMA's section on internal medicine.

He is survived by his wife, Nell, of Redlands; his daughters, Mrs. I. Hunter Crittenden of Redlands and Mrs. Perry Cross of Van Nuys; a son, Dr. John F. Lawrence of Los Angeles; nine grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.

William Valentine


Aldo Starker Leopold, Zoology; Forestry and Conservation: Berkeley

Professor of Zoology and Forestry, Emeritus
Conservationist Emeritus, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology

Aldo Starker Leopold, outstanding naturalist, superb teacher, gifted author, and beloved companion to those who shared his campfires, died at his home in Berkeley on August 23, 1983.

Leopold was born in Burlington, Iowa, the eldest son of Aldo and Estella Bergere Leopold. Boyhood exposure to his father's attainments led Starker, first to follow the elder Aldo's footsteps, and then to blaze his own trails to become one of the world's most influential and honored authorities on wildlife ecology and management.

He was educated at the University of Wisconsin, the Yale Forestry School, and the Department of Zoology at Berkeley, where he received the Ph.D. degree in 1944. After working in Mexico for the Conservation Section of the Pan-American Union, Leopold returned to Berkeley in 1946 as Assistant Professor of Zoology and Conservation in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology. He became professor in 1957. In 1967, he became Professor of Zoology and Forestry and moved his headquarters to the latter Department where he remained until he retired in 1978.

Starker Leopold's gifts as a teacher are widely acknowledged. Students responded to his infectious enthusiasm for his field and knew him as an exacting taskmaster who expected their best. He had an unusual capacity to simplify the complex. For those aspects of wildlife ecology that might seem overwhelmingly difficult to young students, he provided easily understood models. He had a rare ability to combine scientific theory and facts with keen personal observations throughout the world's most important wildlife habitats. His courses attracted many non-major students, many of whom described them (and the professor) as “among the best in the University.”

He displayed deep personal interest in his students' welfare. Whatever activity he might be engaged in when a student came to see him, he put

it aside to give his visitor individual attention. For many of them, initial contacts at Berkeley became lifelong professional and personal friendships.

Many in the wildlife field relied on Leopold for help with their more difficult problems. As a result, he was heavily involved in public policy matters at the highest level. In 1968, the Special Advisory Board on Wildlife Management of the Department of Interior, which he chaired, produced reports which led directly to significant new policies for the National Parks and National Wildlife Refuges. Similarly, in 1972, through membership on a subsequent Advisory Committee on Predator Control, his views were remarkably effective in changing federal policy toward predatory animals. Earlier he did highly influential consulting on aspects of wildlife conservation policy with the National Parks in Tanzania, with the Missouri Conservation Department, and the Mexican Game Department. His effectiveness in the public policy arena was a demonstration of his ability to teach at all levels, from undergraduate students to those with the largest governmental and business responsibilities. His influence on this broader scene is reflected in his service as a Trustee and for two terms as President of the California Academy of Sciences, and as a Director and Vice President of the Sierra Club. He was vigorously engaged in such public service activities almost to the day of his death.

As an author, Leopold's publications will have enduring value. His books, Wildlife in Alaska (with F. F. Darling) (1953), Wildlife of Mexico: The Game Birds and Mammals (1959), The Desert (1961), and The California Quail (1977), brought together the results of his years of research on these topics. North American Game Birds and Mammals (1982) (with R. Guttierez and M. Bronson) will, no doubt, become a standard reference and textbook for wildlife management. More than a hundred periodical articles and technical reports display his versatility in writing, with rigor and clarity, on the many scientific topics on which he reported, and with insight and humanity in occasional but thought-provoking philosophical pieces. Even his technical books catch your attention with the first paragraph and carry you along with their clear and captivating style.

Leopold's outstanding scientific stature was confirmed with his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1970. Other recognitions were a Department of Interior Conservation Award, the Aldo Leopold Medal of the Wildlife Society, the Audubon Society Medal, the Browning Medal of the Smithsonian Institution, and the Fellows Medal of the California Academy of Sciences.

Starker's contributions to the University included service as Associate Director of the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (1958-65), Assistant to the Berkeley Chancellor (1960-63), and director of the Sagehen Creek Field Station (1965-78). His influence on academic affairs was often both subtle and potent. With colleagues from other departments, he developed an

interdepartmental Ph.D. program in natural resource conservation long before the field became a highly popular one. Following transfer to the Department of Forestry and Conservation in 1967, he worked for the further development of professional education in wildlife biology and management and for closer integration of wildlife, range management, and forestry at Berkeley. He had strong influence in the 1970s on changes in forestry curricula to serve better concerns for the conservation of natural environments, and on recruiting faculty with the breadth to deal with the entire spectrum of forest resources. His voice was always firmly in support of a liberal concept of professional education.

He had a capacity for bridging gaps between preservationists and managers, liberals and conservatives, hunters and anti-hunters--a talent which served the academic community well in resolving basic issues of educational policy. He kept his eyes on his main goal, a world suited to wildlife and therefore fit for people. The quality of his service to the University was recognized when he was awarded the Berkeley Citation on his retirement.

Despite the eminence of his academic and scientific achievements, Starker will no doubt be remembered longest by students, colleagues, and friends, for his personal qualities. Love of the outdoors, great personal warmth, sensitivity to others, profound appreciation and respect for the intricate beauty of nature: these were characteristics which knit his life to those of his legions of friends and intimately personal ways. A superb raconteur, he always had a positive outlook and an inexhaustible zest for life, which he lived completely. Anyone who camped with him appreciated his skills in making camp life comfortable. His artistry with a dutch oven, his insistence on maintaining such amenities as the bath and the sundowner in the face of obstacles, and his complete awareness and understanding of the natural world around him, gave new meaning and enjoyment to outdoor life for all who shared it with him.

Professor Leopold is survived by his wife, Elizabeth, a son, Frederick, a daughter, Sarah Kock, two sisters, two brothers, and three grandsons.

On fall outings, the nightly appearance of the Pleiades was Starker's signal it was time for sleep. Last August 23rd, the Pleiades rose for him for the last time. Requiescat in pace.

H. J. Vaux R. F. Dasmann D. R. McCullough W. W. Middlekauff W. C. Russell D. E. Teeguarden


Samuel Lepkovsky, Poultry Husbandry: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Dr. Samuel Lepkovsky, a renowned nutritionist, died peacefully at 83 years of age, following a sudden stroke on April 12, 1984. Born in Poland, he came to the United States with his parents as a very small child. He attended schools in Wisconsin, and obtained the B.S. in 1920 and the Ph.D. in 1925 in biochemistry at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He came to Berkeley in 1928 to work with Professor Herbert M. Evans of the Anatomy Department. He remained there for seven years, and then served as Professor of Nutrition in the Department of Poultry Husbandry at Berkeley until his retirement in 1967.

Lepkovsky worked in many aspects of nutrition, neurophysiology, biochemistry, and neuroanatomy, and was known for his innovativeness and many “firsts.” He did pioneering work on riboflavin, and isolated, crystallized, and purified several hundred milligrams of this vitamin from several hundred thousand gallons of milk. He distributed the results of his labors freely and generously to other scientists throughout the world in order to encourage further studies in this field. This action was a clear indication of the type of man he was.

His work on riboflavin and the filtrate factor on egg production and hatchability was the foundation of teratology. This was reviewed in 1938. He also initiated studies on the sparing action of fats on the B vitamins.

No doubt the work for which he was best known was the crystallization and isolation of pyridoxine (Vitamin B6). 1938 was an exciting year for nutrition and Lepkovsky was very active during this time and right in the middle of all the excitement. “The race” for the isolation of the filtrate factor was on, and Lepkovsky was one of the leaders. It was, indeed, a competitive situation, for five laboratories reported isolation of Vitamin B6 in that year. There was an abundance of competitors, with scientists associated with such organizations as the Merck Company, the Lister Institute, and I.G. Farben in Europe. Yet, this remarkable man was the first to isolate xanthurenic acid, a metabolite of the amino acid tryptophan

from the urine of Vitamin B6-deficient animals. The xanthurenic acid excretion test in Vitamin B6-deficiency following ingestion of tryptophan remains to this date the best means of assessing Vitamin B-nutriture.

Among more recent contributions was an atlas of the chicken brain, done with one of his colleagues, Dr. Sanford Feldman, a noted surgeon in San Francisco. Lepkovsky was also the first to completely pancreatectomize the chicken.

Lepkovsky served this country in two wars, first as a “doughboy” in World War I, and later as a nutritionist for the Army Quartermaster Corps in World War II under General Doriot. It was typical of Lepkovsky, who always sought answers in the laboratory, that he went into the field with the troops to test rations, sharing with them the rigors of the Arctic and mountain climates as well as their diet.

His observations and innovativeness contributed greatly to the development of various combat rations, and also the so-called life-boat ration. It was during World War II that Lepkovsky's keen powers of observation led to recognition of the importance of the central nervous system in nutrition and the role of stress in nutrition and food acceptability. Thus, when he was nearly 50, Lepkovsky began nutrition research anew and began to learn neuroanatomy and physiology. After World War II he returned to Berkeley to pioneer this new field, that is, the relationship and the role of the central nervous system in nutrition, appetite, and satiety, which led to his studies of the pituitary and hypothalamus and their involvement in nutrition.

In his Babcock Hart Address in 1954, he pointed out that “we are witnessing the end of an era of nutrition--the era of the essential nutrients. A new era is in the making, and the dim outlines are beginning to emerge.” He then went on to describe the new work on which he had embarked--the role and impact of the central nervous system in nutrition. Thus, at an age when most men are content to pass quietly into administrative or editorial positions, Sam returned to active experimentation with his own hands. He went (as Wayne Woolley stated) “from the frontier of the vital amines (the vitamins), as Funk called them, to that of the biogenic amines which are involved in behaviour.”

Lepkovsky characteristically did not rush to print his observations. As Dr. Goldblith of M.I.T. put it, “he was like a master tailor finishing a garment before putting it on public display.” As a result, he was not given full recognition for some of his outstanding findings, although he discussed them freely and helped others in the field.

He had tremendous powers of observation and imagination, which he utilized to the fullest. While cleaning his wire-mesh cases housing Vitamin B6-deficient rats, he observed a green pigment in the urine (due to the reaction of xanthurenic acid with iron rust of the cages). Pursuing this

observation, he isolated xanthurenic acid and showed it to be an aberrant metabolite product of tryptophane in B6-deficient rats. This observation proved to be very important and useful. Another example was that of teratologic phenomena in riboflavin-deficient rats. He had no time to pursue this, but suggested it as a new and possibly intriguing field. It did develop into the new field of teratology--the credit, of course, going to others.

Lepkovsky's career exemplified qualities of self-sacrifice, persistence, courage, accuracy, humility, generosity, and hope, which Sir Richard Gregory stressed as the “true nobility of science.” Lepkovsky received a number of awards, among which were the Honorary LL.D. from the University of California at Davis, the Babcock Hart Award of the Institute of Food Technologists, and the fellowship of the University of Rehovoth, Israel.

He had many friends and many interests. He was an excellent dancer, an incomparable oenophile and gourmet, an amateur stock-market analyst, a world traveler and raconteur. He was an avid mountain climber, and loved to escape to the mountains where, as he put it, both he and God could relax. He will certainly be missed by legions of friends all over the world.

Emil M. Mrak B. S. Schweigert F. X. Small


James W. Lesley, Plant Breeding: Riverside

Professor of Genetics, Emeritus
Geneticist in the Experiment Station, Emeritus

James W. Lesley, Professor of Genetics, Emeritus, died June 29, 1982, at the age of 94. He was born in Leeds, England, May 8, 1888, and entered Eastbourne College, a “public” school, in 1903 with a scholarship in Classics. From 1905 to 1907, he attended University College, Reading. He entered the University of Cambridge in 1907, was graduated with a B.A. degree in 1910, and received a Diploma in Agriculture in 1911. He was appointed Research Exhibitioner at the John Innes Horticultural Institution, Merton, England, in 1911. From 1914 to 1918, he served as Captain (Infantry) in the British Army and was awarded the Military Cross in the Somme engagement. He was wounded and a prisoner of war from 1917 to 1918, during which time he escaped and was recaptured. In 1919 Lesley received the M.A. degree from the University of Cambridge and became an Assistant in Plant Breeding at that institution and Director of Botanical Studies at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

In 1922 Lesley emigrated to the United States and for a brief period was Lecturer in Botany at Mills College, California. Later in 1922, he was appointed Research Assistant to Professor E. B. Babcock of the Division of Genetics at UC-Berkeley. As a graduate student, he was assigned to the staff of the UC Citrus Experiment Station at Riverside to carry out research on peach and tomato breeding. He received the Ph.D. degree in Genetics in 1927, with a thesis that dealt with triploidy in the tomato. In 1929 he was appointed Assistant Plant Breeder at Riverside; from 1943 to 1953, he was chairman of the then Division of Plant Breeding. In 1954 Professor Lesley was named Faculty Research Lecturer for the Riverside campus. He retired as Professor of Genetics Emeritus in 1955 but continued in active research for another 25 years.

The two crop plants, tomatoes and peaches, continued to be Professor Lesley's principal research interests throughout his career. Many of his

studies were done in collaboration with his wife, Dr. Margaret M. Lesley, who also held a Ph.D. degree in Genetics from Berkeley, and whom he married in 1924. She was for many years an Associate in the Experiment Station at Riverside and carried out most of the cytological portions of their studies on the tomato.

In several respects, Jim Lesley (as he was known) was a pioneer in tomato and peach genetics. He isolated triploids in the tomato and obtained eight of the resulting primary trisomics. One of these he identified with the nucleolar chromosome. It was not until much later that these genetic tools were fully developed and utilized by others in tomato genetics. He was also among the first to utilize Lycopersicon species from South America for breeding studies. As a result of other cooperative studies, he released two tomato cultivars, the Riverside and the Simi, with resistance to both fusarium and verticillium wilt. Jointly with plant pathologist J. M. Wallace, he determined that no commercial cultivars of the tomato carried appreciable resistance to the devastating curly top virus disease of sugar beets.

Lesley was interested in the use of male sterile mutants for production of hybrid tomatoes; before 1940 he had isolated one such spontaneous mutant. Beginning about 1950, he was actively involved in producing mutants by the use of radioactive phosphorus (32P). Several male sterile lines were obtained, one of which appeared especially promising for hybrid production. This work led to his receiving, jointly with Mrs. Lesley, the L. H. Vaughan Award from the American Society for Horticultural Science, in 1959. He was also a Fellow of that Society.

Professor Lesley's research on peaches was directed principally at producing cultivars with low-chilling requirements, for use in subtropical environments. For this purpose he utilized types of a saucer peach group called Peento, derived from South China. Several cultivars were released, including Ventura, Rubidoux, Tejon, and Bonita. They are presently planted chiefly in home gardens, and they showed that the low-chilling character could be successfully incorporated into acceptable cultivars. Lesley also studied inbreeding and hybrid vigor in peaches and produced a series of inbred lines with which he studied the inheritance of specific characters. He was alert to the possibility of improvement of lesser known crops, and for a time made selections among varieties of the strawberry guava.

After retirement, Dr. Lesley and his wife made an intensive study of a case of developmental variegation in the tomato. The results indicated that this instability was controlled by a gene closely linked to the gene Woolly.

Jim Lesley was thoroughly honest and continually helpful and supportive of the needs of others but quite intolerant of craftiness or hypocrisy. He was also sometimes rather impatient. He permanently retained a concise, clipped, British manner of speech and was somewhat puzzled when not quickly understood by the uninitiated. As Chairman of the Division of

Plant Breeding at a time when budgets were extremely limited, he sometimes made do with simple equipment. A huge wooden chemical table, transferred free from UCLA at the refurbishing of the Chemistry Department there in the 1950s, has served even up to the present in a Botany and Plant Sciences headhouse.

Lesley was highly interested in sports and was a devoted tennis player, even past the age of 70. Somewhat before that, he developed a severe case of “tennis elbow,” at which time he began to teach himself to play left-handed. He followed professional tennis with enthusiasm throughout his retirement. He was a strong proponent of soccer; he helped to start the Riverside soccer team, and regularly attended when games were played at UCR.

As part of his continuing breeding work, he was a familiar sight even beyond the age of 75, sitting on a large upturned can in the tomato field, making pollinations.

Professor Lesley had indicated that he felt considerable gratitude toward his adopted country and toward the University of California. As evidence of this, in 1979 the Lesleys established an endowment at UC Riverside, the income from which provides an annual prize for the best completed research by a student in the Biological and Agricultural Sciences.

Jim Lesley was a man of great common sense and much personal courage. At age 93, he made the choice to have a reparative operation on a hip joint that was causing severe disability, even though he recognized that complications might be fatal, as they were. He is survived by his wife, two daughters, and seven grandchildren. His life, his accomplishments, and his great spirit will be long remembered.

J. W. Cameron A. M. Boyce T. W. Embleton W. Reuther R. K. Soost


Frederic Lilge, Education: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

On September 9, 1977, Fritz Lilge sent his dean a cartoon from one of the publications to which he was addicted: the Times Literary Supplement. It showed a faithful old employee falling through a trapdoor in front of his boss's big desk, retired at the push of a button on that desk. Attached to this clipping were two sentences written in Fritz's beautiful script: “I prefer to press the button myself. After some reflection, I have decided to give up teaching and retire on December 31, 1977.” This decision was hastened by the battle with bone cancer which he had been waging since 1974 and which took his life on September 4, 1984. He died at his home, in the company of Evelyn Olen Lilge, whom he married in 1942. The Lilges had no children but more than one junior colleague was taken into their hearts as a surrogate son, and the friendship of this quiet, congenial pair was deeply treasured by fortunate neighbors, university colleagues, and kindred spirits.

Frederic Lilge was born in Goerlitz, Germany, on November 29, 1911, the son of Fritz and Johanna Lilge. He attended the University of Halle, 1931-32, and the University of Munich, 1932-34, and received the M.A. in the Social Sciences (economics). In 1934-35, he spent a year at the University of Rochester as an exchange student under the auspices of the Institute of International Education. Fritz then enrolled at Harvard University as a student of Robert Ulich in the Graduate School of Education and received a Ph.D. in 1941. During these years, he taught at the Shady Hill School, the Stewart School, and Wheaton College. In 1938-40 he held the Holtzer Fellowship at Harvard.

On January 1, 1942, he came as instructor to the faculty of the School of Education at Berkeley. He was promoted to Assistant Professor (1944), Associate (1951) and Professor (1958). Except for sabbatical leaves and visiting teaching appointments--at the University of Illinois, University of British Columbia, Johns Hopkins University and the University of Hamburg--he remained at Berkeley, declining other offers, until bouts of illness

sapped his energies, isolated him from his colleagues, and prompted his retirement.

In his courses in the philosophy of education, the history of educational thought, and comparative and international education, as in his books, articles and reviews, Fritz devoted his research and teaching to the history of ideas in philosophy, economics, ethics and education. He was concerned with the evolution of social and political theories and with furthering serious scholarship on the relationships of learning and politics. His observations and exhaustive analysis of the politicization of German university education were extended to helping American historians of education think differently about phenomena like the progressive education movement. He came to believe that efforts to teach and write philosophy of education as an analogue to general philosophy, and to derive educational applications from it, were misguided failures. He proposed, instead, to link educational thought to social and political philosophy, and therein to deal with problems of culture in its transmission and decay, and with social criticism, reform and revolution.

Historian Gerald D. Feldman describes Fritz Lilge as “one of that important group of distinguished emigre scholars who were willing to confront directly the origins of the German catastrophe, to make them intelligible to concerned Americans, and thereby to encourage serious scholarship in that field.” The book for which Lilge was best known, The Abuse of Learning: The Failure of the German University (1948), Feldman characterizes as the “first significant critical history of the philosophical and institutional background” of Germany's most admired and emulated cultural institutions, before it was brought low by the Nazi onslaught, of the attacks upon humanism and Wissenschaft by all manner of thinkers. “It was a pioneering and sophisticated effort to trace important roots of the German disaster back into what appeared to be the golden age of German intellectual and institutional development” and to suggest that certain problems of the German universities had their counterparts elsewhere.

His intense interest in comparative education prompted Fritz to master Russian and to begin an examination of Soviet educational ideology and practice. While a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hamburg in 1957-58, he took his first trip to the Soviet Union, visiting schools and talking with educators and bureaucrats. He returned in 1965, attached to the Institute of History and Theory of Education of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences in Moscow. Articles on the educational thought of Lenin and Krupskaya and the book, A. S. Makarenko (1958) resulted. He was Faculty Advisor and member of the Executive Committee of the Center for Slavic Studies at Berkeley and joined the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. He published in the Slavic Review and Soviet Studies, as well as the Harvard Educational Review, International Review of Education, Educational Theory, Ethics, British Journal of Educational Studies, and

School and Society. The trips which he made to England, Germany and the USSR were assisted by grants from the Institute of International Studies at Berkeley. A self-proclaimed “incompetent” in committee work, he nonetheless served the Comparative Education Society, the National Committee on Soviet and East European Area Fellows of the Ford Foundation, and other bodies as a consultant and reviewer. Educational writings previously unknown to American audiences became accessible with his creative translations of the writings of Siegfried Bernfeld and Hans Barth, in books published by the University of California Press. He was working on the little-known educational writings of Hegel in the later years.

Fritz was a scholar of rare depth and understanding, most at home in the small seminar, removed from diurnal problems of school life. Yet the questions he raised and that his students discussed were central to the thinking demanded of sensitive educators. It was this philosophical and comparative dimension that gave his classes an august dynamism that remains memorable to his students. In an age where technique has become triumphant, his probing and testing of ideas remain a rich legacy that any great university is loath to relinquish.

Geraldine Clifford T. Bentley Edwards Theodore Reller


Jacob Christian Lindberg-Hansen, Art: Santa Barbara

Professor Emeritus

Jacob Christian Lindberg-Hansen was born during 1901 in Denmark and was educated as a wood-sculptor at the Royal Academy there and in Paris. He came to the United States as a young man. During the 1920s and most of the 1930s he practiced his art, first in New York and from 1932 in Los Angeles, particularly in architectural settings, for such notables as John Gilvert and William Andrews Clark, both in the Clark residence and in the Clark Library in Los Angeles. In 1935 he transferred his studio to Santa Barbara, and in the same year he married Georgia West, who survives him with two daughters, Susanne Van Duinwyck and Mary Anne Hansen.

Those of us who knew Jacob recognized and respected him as far more than the master craftsman that he was originally trained to be. Once in Santa Barbara already in his mid-thirties, he began his university career, taking his B.A. at the then Santa Barbara State College in 1941 and continuing with graduate studies at the Claremont Colleges where he earned an M.A. in 1944. He began teaching in Industrial Arts at the Santa Barbara State College Summer Session in 1939 and in the following years advanced as an assistant (1939-41) and an Instructor (1943-46) of Industrial Arts until 1946 when he was appointed as Assistant Professor of Art at the Santa Barbara College of the University of California. He was advanced to the associate professorship in 1959, and retired as Professor of Art in 1964.

Jacob continued throughout his academic career to practice the art of woodcarving. A precious tangible reminder of his skill is the beautiful lectern he made and carved with the University seal, which is used for all ceremonial occasions on the campus, having been inaugurated by Robert Gordon Sproul on his last official appearance in Santa Barbara as President of the University of California. Jacob also carved the seals in the Chancellor's office and the main library.

During the early pioneer days of the Santa Barbara campus, both on the Riviera and on its present site, he taught not only sculpture but also ceramics

and the history of art. To the latter he brought both his sharp eye and intelligence, and his knowledge of Scandinavian history, culture and language. He discovered in Denmark and published in the College Art Journal a large wooden cabinet carved by Paul Gauguin with elaborate floral motifs and portraits of two of his children. And he conducted research on Edvard Munch, translating a number of his letters into English and participating in the American rediscovery during the early 1950s of the great Norwegian painter's art. He also lectured on sculpture in general and on Gauguin and Munch.

During the later years of Jacob's University service, his interests turned increasingly toward Hawaii and the surviving Polynesian wood sculpture there, at least in part because of his long-time interest in boats and boat-building--he was a kayak champion and built many small boats. When he retired in 1964, it was to undertake direction of the restoration of the mid-seventeenth-century sacred precinct and burial grounds at Hale-O Karwe on the island of Hawaii. He had discovered the holes where wood figures (Akus), demarking the boundary of the sacred area, had originally stood. After experimenting with surviving stone tools, he began recreation of twenty figures, assisted by four Hawaiian wood carvers whom he trained in the ancient methods of carving. He based his reconstruction on a variety of sources: the few surviving Akus in the Bishop Museum in Honolulu and the British Museum in London, and explorers' drawings, notably those made by Captain Cook's expedition (1779) and by the Ellis and Byron expeditions of 1825. The end result was recreation of the site, and twenty Akus ranging in height from four to twenty-four feet, arranged as they must originally have been, a unique monument to the ancient Hawaiian culture.

Those of us who served at the University of California with Jacob remember him as a generous and conscientious teacher and colleague, with a great sense of history and a vast fund of anecdotes and stories of his native land, of his adopted land and of ancient and modern Hawaii. He was active and effective in departmental affairs but never obtrusive; his wide range of interests and his dry wit informed and entertained us; and his experience and unfailing good nature provided us with the dependable stability of a sense of social and historical as well as of geographical perspective. We missed him when he retired and we miss him now, and take this opportunity to convey our appreciation of him and his years in Santa Barbara to his wife and his daughters.

Alfred Moir William Dole Howard Fenton


Jung-pang Lo, History: Davis

Professor Emeritus

Jung-pang Lo, known to many of us as J.P., suffered a fatal heart attack on April 5, 1981. Although he had been forced into early retirement by two strokes almost a decade before, he maintained an active life of scholarship and was from time to time a participant at seminars and lectures on campus.

Lo was born on September 28, 1912, and was educated at schools in Singapore, Ottawa, and London. His bachelor's degree was earned at Yenching University, Peking, in 1934. He took his master's degree and doctorate at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1940 and 1957. During the Pacific War he served in the Office of War Information in San Francisco. He also taught for a year in the Army Specialized Training Program on the Berkeley campus. Later he was an editor for the Chinese News Service in San Francisco and served in the press section of the Chinese delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organizations in 1945.

In the mid-1950s, even before completing his doctorate, Lo was visiting lecturer at Swarthmore College and at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Michigan. He then settled down for a decade at the University of Washington where he was research associate, instructor, and assistant professor. In 1965, he came to the Davis campus as visiting lecturer. He was appointed Associate Professor in 1966 and Professor in 1969.

There are today few scholars in the field of Chinese history who can boast a wider range of interests, either chronologically or topically, than Professor Lo's. His contributions to our understanding of the ancient Ch'in-Han period in the fields of warfare and transportation, produced at the University of Washington, are of inestimable value. They are the fruits of tremendous labor, applying the critical eye of the philologist to a vast body of texts. This work required not only a mind steeped in the language and culture of ancient China but also the creative acuity capable of wringing from the texts every ounce of hard data they contain. As Professor Lo well

knew, social science research in Chinese texts cannot proceed to systematic synthesis until the painstaking task of scrutinizing the difficult textual sources has been done.

Lo himself engaged in social science research, witness his “Policy Formulation and Decision-making on Issues Respecting Peace and War,” published in Chinese Government in Ming Times: Seven Studies (Charles O. Hucker, editor). Lo asked questions of the Ming texts never before raised in order to probe the complex inner workings of Chinese government, a subject which is sometimes well-documented but which demands all the subtlety the investigator can muster for its accurate interpretation.

Lo's talents were put to the service of his own family heritage as well as the history of modern China in K'ang-Yu-wei: A Biography and a Symposium. The biographical part (278 pp.), by Professor Lo himself, is a major contribution to scholarship, inasmuch as K'ang Yu-wei, Lo's maternal grandfather, is generally recognized as the leading reformer as well as the most prominent philosopher in late nineteenth-century China.

It is likely that Lo's greatest contribution to the study of Chinese history will be his work on the sea power and the maritime expansion of China--not political colonization but naval and nautical feats which stimulated wide-ranging trade and emigration. Lo pioneered on this subject in a series of authoritative articles: “The Emergence of China as a Sea Power during the Late Sung and Early Yuan Periods,” (1955); “The Decline of the Early Ming Navy” (1958); and “Maritime Commerce and Its Relations to the Sung Navy” (1969). Just before his death, he completed a book-length study in draft form, entitled Empire Across the Western Ocean: Seapower and the Early Ming Navy, 1355-1449, which centers on the maritime expeditions to the Indian Ocean before the decline of the Ming navy. Nearly a century before Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope, the formidable Chinese armadas reached Aden and Hormuz, as well as the east coast of Africa. It is Lo's conclusion that the expeditions, though cut short in the 1430s by Peking, paved the way for the extension of “Maritime China” to almost every land in Southeast Asia, where thousands of early Chinese settlers established communities which today number in the millions. This epic history is obviously of great importance in any comparison between the Chinese and the European civilizations. Lo's manuscript, the fullest reconstruction of the Ming maritime exploits, is being edited for publication by his colleagues and friends with the cooperation of Mrs. Lo.

To bring Lo's magnum opus to press will be the most appropriate memorial to this gentle, kindly, dedicated man--this quintessential Chinese scholar. All of us will be diminished by the absence of this good and erudite person, who in the nine years that he was beset by ill health, not only persisted in his fruitful research and writing but also maintained his characteristic humor and his joyous appreciation of life, family, and friends. The example

of his dedication will live long among his colleagues and students.

Benjamin E. Wallacker Kwang-Ching Liu Don C. Price


John Henry MacGillivray, Vegetable Crops: Davis

Professor Emeritus

John MacGillivray was a leading personality in the field of vegetable crops from the beginning of his professional career in 1925 until he retired in 1966. He was born in 1899 in Ithaca, New York where his father was a school teacher. His early interest in vegetable production was demonstrated throughout his college training. He received the B.S. degree in horticulture in 1921 and the M.S. in 1922 from the University of Illinois. He was awarded the Ph.D. in plant physiology from the University of Wisconsin in 1925.

His first academic position was at Purdue University where his research was largely on the quality factors of canning tomatoes. In 1936 he joined the Division of Truck Crops, University of California at Davis.

When he arrived in California he continued research on factors affecting the quality of canning tomatoes and expanded his research to other crops and into other broad areas such as vegetable fertilizers, irrigation, seed germination, plant spacing and pruning, harvesting methods and storage and shipping. He was an excellent resource for vegetable production information, an advantage used by colleagues and students.

In over 40 years of active research Mac made many contributions on the physiology of vegetables. In cooperation with L.D. Doneen he helped establish the irrigation requirements of many vegetables. His research on labor use and efficiency in the production and harvesting of vegetables was especially useful during the labor shortages of World War II. He conducted much research on the adaptation of labor saving aids in vegetable harvesting.

His textbook Western Vegetable Production was popular since it was unique and written primarily for use in California and other western states. In cooperation with Robert Stevens he authored the book Agricultural Labor and its Effective Use.

During his career he taught many of the courses within the department and was responsible for the development of courses in vegetable physiology.


Mac was a solid University citizen and he enjoyed the respect and esteem of his colleagues. A paragon of morality, Mac could not tolerate others' acts of questionable honesty. He was a team player and demonstrated a sincere interest in the development of the department. Mac gave much aid and encouragement to his younger colleagues. He initiated and financially supported a project creating a scholarship and research fund for graduate and undergraduate students in vegetable crops. He was noted for kindly interests of his friends and students and was a quiet compassionate man who gave freely of his time and shunned public recognition.

Following his retirement he continued his professional interests and worked with the faculty of the School of Agriculture of the University of the West Indies.

He became especially interested in older people and served as President of the Yolo County Chapter of the American Association of Retired Persons. Previously he had been interested in the Boy Scout program.

In 1927, he married Frances Gower, who died in 1974. They had four children, Donald Bruce MacGillivray, Mary Cox, Harriet Jean Stevens and Anna Ellis Alexander.

Mac died in San Luis Obispo on February 14, 1984 after a lengthy illness. His is survived by his children, 11 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

His passing has left a deep sense of loss among those of us who knew him best. His influence on his students, colleagues and friends will long be felt and cherished.

Oscar A. Lorenz Masatoshi Yamaguchi Mike Zahara


Louis Alexander MacKay, Classics: Berkeley

Professor of Latin, Emeritus

Louis A. MacKay was born on February 27, 1901 in Hensall, Ontario. After graduating from the University of Toronto with a B.A. in Classics in 1923, and taking an M.A. in 1924, he went as a Rhodes scholar to Balliol College, Oxford, where he was awarded the B.A. degree in Greats in 1928. He later was granted the Oxford M.A. After his return to Canada, he joined the Classics faculty of Victoria College at the University of Toronto, where he taught until 1941. For the next seven years he was Associate Professor, and then became Professor, of Classics at the University of British Columbia. In 1948 he accepted an appointment at the University of California, Berkeley, as Professor of Latin, a post he held with great distinction until his retirement in 1968. From 1949 to 1953 he served as chairman of the Classics Department. He was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1945, President of the American Philological Association in 1960. He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1954.

After his retirement, MacKay was a visiting professor at the University of Toronto, 1968-1969, and at the University of Washington, 1970. He remained active in the affairs of the Classics Department at Berkeley and was recalled twice, at the special request of graduate students, to teach a course in which he excelled, Latin verse composition. At the meetings of the Kosmos and the Humanities Clubs on the Berkeley campus, at the Sather Lectures, and at other functions of the Classics Department, he was a beloved and familiar figure until the final illness which caused his death on June 24, 1982.

MacKay's most significant contribution to scholarship is in Latin literature, particularly in the great poetic tradition from Ennius to Juvenal. After the publication of his rather unorthodox The Wrath of Homer (Toronto, 1948), his most effective medium became the article rather than the book or monograph. What made his numerous papers classics in their genre was the same kind of literary sensitivity and imagination, combined with a

sometimes rather naughty sense of humor and common-sense practicality, that also characterized his sparkling and often wry style as a public lecturer. As a teacher he was superb in smaller classes, where the text could be closely read and students encouraged to cut their teeth on bold new emendations and conjectures. He knew how to get the best out of students by showing them how important it is to think for oneself; ironically, his great skill in the classroom added an extra touch of fun to a favorite anecdote he used to tell about once falling asleep while lecturing to a class.

There is no doubt that his own experience as a poet deepened MacKay's understanding of Lucretius, Horace, Vergil, and others, about whom he wrote with such insight. He composed elegant Latin verse himself and published a book of English poetry, The Ill-Tempered Lover and Other Poems (Toronto 1948), as well as numerous individual poems, which appeared in periodicals and anthologies. W. S. Anderson, in a moving memorial note, Newsletter of the American Philological Association 6.4 (1983) aptly quoted one of MacKay's poems which catches the spirit of Catullus but speaks at the same time in his own unmistakably disarming accent.

Ask not me how much is true
In all this--as if I knew!
Other men before my time
Have wonderfully lied in rhyme
Nor likely knew, no more than I,
Which was truth, and which was lie.
Damn the meaning! Take the sound!
It's words that make the world go round.

Although, in another poem, he observed that

Men over forty keep alive
From a sense of humour, or force of habit,

He spent the second half of his life, when most of us came to know him, reading, teaching, and writing poetry in new and fresh ways which regularly broke old habits.

He is survived by a son, Pierre, a daughter, Katherine Jensen, and four grandchildren.

Friends and colleagues who loved--and now sorely miss--this lively, humane figure with his springtime straw hat and walking stick will recognize his characteristic sense of fun--but no nonsense--in the response he made, at the age of 75, on an employment form, when he was asked for a list of his Published Writings and/or Creative Activities: “Look, over more than 50 years there are hundreds of them. Most of the ones that matter were reported to the biobibliographical files--unless these are destroyed when a man retires, which might not be a bad idea. If you're really worried,

I could dig out a list, but it seems like a lot of fuss for one course in one term. I can do it in Latin elegiacs, if you like.”

R. S. Stroud W. S. Anderson J. E. Fontenrose A. E. Gordon C. W. Jones


Millard Christian Madsen, Psychology: Los Angeles


After a brief illness, Millard C. Madsen died of cancer on July 9, 1982. He was born on October 5, 1931, in Hannaford, North Dakota. It was at the height of the depression and his surroundings were humble. Some of his early education was in an Indian school. He served in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953, and then attended San Jose State College where he received a B.A. in Speech and Speech Pathology in 1956. After teaching for three years in a public school in Fortuna, California, he returned to San Jose State College to seek a Master's Degree in Psychology. From there he went on to the University of Oregon where he earned a second Master's Degree and in 1965, the Ph.D. in Psychology. He joined the UCLA faculty that same year.

His early research was concerned with the development of short-term memory in normal and mentally retarded children and the effects of electroconvulsive shock on animal memory. What became his life's work, however, was the elaboration of an elegantly simple paradigm for studying cooperation and competition in children. This paradigm was developed by Millard, while he was still a graduate student, in order to win support from the Carnegie Foundation for research in rural Mexico. After coming to UCLA, he devised several ingenious variants of the problem-solving game he used in Mexico, both to extend the conceptual basis of his research on the development of cooperation and competition, and to aid in the evaluation of the influence of socio-cultural variables.

He completed numerous studies in both rural and urban settings in Spain, Israel, Germany, Korea, and Papua New Guinea, as well as among several urban and Native American cultures in this country. Without regard for personal hardship, he collected most of his data himself, working with native translators and often spending long periods of time in isolated areas among the tribes of rural New Guinea. His research is widely cited, not only within psychology but throughout the social sciences, and many other investigators have used his games and procedures in a number of cross-cultural studies.


Millard was particularly enthusiastic about his recent work in New Guinea because of the degree to which tribal isolation made it possible to select and compare different tribes on the basis of diverse social, cultural, and economic factors. He recently published comparisons of children's social behaviors among more than a dozen such tribes and cultural groups. A return trip to New Guinea was planned for Winter quarter of 1983.

A valued colleague, Millard was generous with his time for both students and faculty. He was a skilled and creative teacher and a responsible committee member both within and outside the department. His sometimes cynical wit enlivened many a turgid faculty meeting and his classes as well. Among his most salient and engaging characteristics were the humility and candor he brought to every situation and by which we came to know and revere him. For interested friends, scholars, and students, the Department of Psychology has established a permanent display in Franz Hall commemorating his work.

Barbara A. Henker Morris K. Holland Wendell E. Jeffrey


Walter Smith Mangold, Public Health, Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Walter S. Mangold, a pioneer in Environmental Health Science, is remembered on this, the fortieth anniversary of the establishment of the University of California School of Public Health. He began his professional career in 1924 when he joined the Los Angeles County Health Department as a sanitary inspector and ultimately became Chief District Sanitarian. During this time, he recognized the importance of environmental sanitation practice and the need for better trained personnel in this area. As a result, he developed one of the earliest and best inservice training programs for sanitarians. His efforts in this regard were recognized on both national and international levels.

In 1936 he was invited to be an Instructor in Sanitary Science at the University of Southern California School of Government and, subsequently that year, was invited by Dr. K. F. Meyer, of the Berkeley Department of Bacteriology and Director of the Hooper Foundation, to develop a sanitary-science training program for active practitioners. This association led to the development of an environmental-health division in the University's Student Health Service. Professor Mangold was destined to head this program until the time of his retirement and to see it develop into a model for the health and safety programs of other colleges and universities throughout the country. He continued to work with Dr. Meyer on a number of technical studies in the field of sanitation and, in 1942, was appointed lecturer in the Department of Bacteriology. He joined the faculty of the School of Public Health with its establishment in 1944 and developed the program in Sanitary Science. Under his direction, the program flourished and grew into the present Environmental Health Sciences group of the School.

During World War II he became very active in the training of Naval Officers in aspects of environmental health required to meet war emergency needs. His devotion to this activity was tireless and selfless. From this activity a long-lasting and fruitful relationship between the School of Public Health and the Naval Preventive Medical Corps was joined.


Walter Mangold's professional achievements were legion. He was the recipient of many awards and accolades. His efforts resulted in the elevation of the sanitarian to high professional status through education and training. He was a founding member of the National Association of Sanitarians (now known as the National Environmental Health Association) and established The Sanitarian, and, as its first editor-in-chief, worked towards professionalization of the public-health inspector to sanitarian. This publication is now known as The Journal of Environmental Health. He was instrumental in the development of educational and professional standards for sanitarians and spearheaded the institution of state registration for this profession. As a result of these efforts, he became to be considered one of the most outstanding persons in the field of sanitary science. In 1956, in recognition of these life-long achievements, he was presented the first Walter S. Mangold Award, which has since been awarded annually by The National Environmental Health Association to the year's outstanding sanitarian.

Walter Mangold was not only a successful professional and educator, but also a fine human being. His personal integrity and high character were ever evident in all his teaching and professional activity. Those of us who were his students found him to be a demanding teacher yet a compassionate person who always had an ear for student problems. Those who were his associates held him in the highest esteem. He was a devoted family man and is survived by his wife Mila and two sons. He will always be remembered by his colleagues and students with great admiration and deep affection.

Robert C. Cooper A. Harry Bliss William J. Oswald


Anne Ethelyn Markley, Librarianship: Berkeley

Professor Emerita

Born in Kentucky on February 19, 1903, Anne Ethelyn Markley spent her formative years in the South and Southwest. Her degrees in Library Science were received from the University of Oklahoma (BA) and the University of Illinois (MA). She had varied professional employment in public, university, and special libraries before beginning her academic career.

She taught at the University of Illinois and the University of Oklahoma before coming, in 1946, to Berkeley to succeed Delia J. Sisler. During the next quarter century, she taught the principles and techniques of storage and retrieval of printed information in the cataloging and bibliography courses of the School of Librarianship. All enrolled students took these courses which formed part of the core curriculum in their coverage of a principal task of libraries and information centers. Her well-organized and friendly teaching not only served well in preparing her students to become professional librarians, but also earned their affectionate admiration. It would have come as no surprise to them when, in 1963, she was one of the first to receive a Beta Phi Mu (national librarianship honor society) award for good teaching. Her colleagues in the School relied confidently on her handling of the cataloging course, cognizant of the high standards she set for herself and her students. She kept herself informed about innovations in her field; she constantly experimented with and refined her teaching methods, preparing new sets of exercises and revising her renowned syllabus; she made the Berkeley cataloging course famous in the world of librarianship.

Responsible for instructing many students each year and seeking always to work closely with them and most especially with foreign students in need of help, she devoted almost all her time and energy within the School to teaching tasks. In so doing, she brought to bear the concerns, skills, and insights gained in service as a professional librarian. It was not through her publications (few in number), but through her participation in professional

organizations and conferences that she became influential, widely known, and one of the most respected librarians in the country. In California, she quickly gained recognition as the leading expert in the state on problems of classification and cataloging. Her former students turned to her for advice when they found themselves in practice in need of her knowledge and wisdom. Her professional correspondence was enormous and office visitations frequent and often quite time-consuming. She generously responded, in her eagerness to be of help, and with a great gift for friendship.

One of her most important contributions to the library profession outside California was help to the Institute of Library Service (founded in 1955) in Ankara, Turkey. This Institute had been funded by the Ford Foundation and was administered by the American Library Association. She spent two years (1959-61) at the Institute, assisting despite difficulties of many kinds in organizing a curriculum in cataloging and classification for students in this first Turkish library school. The subsequent staffing of the school entirely with Turkish teachers evolved in considerable part from her pioneer work.

Ethelyn delighted in travel to places famous in story and history. She built up a sizeable collection of travel literature and carefully planned each trip she took. Her friends turned to her for reliable information based on thorough exploration of California and on summer and sabbatical leaves spent in Europe and Great Britain, her favorite country. Her two years in Turkey enabled her to become acquainted with the Near and Middle East. In her sabbatical leaves of 1965-66, she journeyed around the world visiting Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia, Italy, Switzerland, Great Britain, Ethiopia, Siam, Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, and the Hawaiian Islands. She met friends often, many her former students and colleagues, and visited libraries everywhere.

Ethelyn never married and her travels and leisure hours were spent mostly in company with other single women. She was a stalwart member of the Women's Faculty Club, served on its committees and as an officer, and resided there at times and for as long as an academic year. She loved music and drama, usually subscribing to the opera season in San Francisco and attending plays presented each year by the major San Francisco theaters. A relisher of good food and a lively conversationalist, she enjoyed entertaining her friends at home, at a favorite restaurant, or in the Women's Faculty Club.

Found to be a diabetic shortly after her retirement in 1969, she began a long and apparently successful struggle to contain its ravages. Her health was such, however, that she had to relinquish most professional activities including projects she hoped to pursue in retirement. These included a report on the influence exercised by the Turkish Library School on the library services in that country and the production of a textbook on cataloging

that the American Library Association persistently wanted her to write. Happily, she remained able to travel and the summer before her death made a last trip to Europe and to her beloved England. Death came unexpectedly on May 18, 1979, after two days of a pneumonia that her diabetes-weakened body could not conquer.

Frederic J. Mosher T. L. Hodges R. C. Swank


F. Dean McClusky, Education: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Throughout his professional career, Dean McClusky held a position of national leadership in the field of audio-visual instruction almost from its beginning at the end of World War I. He made significant contributions through communication with many different groups: scholarly researchers, film producers, administrators of educational programs, legislators, professional organizations, and both inservice and preservice teachers at all levels.

He was born on January 1, 1896, in the village of Holland Patent, New York. After graduating from Park College, Parkville, Missouri in 1917, he served as an aerial photographer during World War I. He received the Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1922. In April of that year, he and Sibyl Kemp were married and spent part of their honeymoon attending a visual education conference in Lexington, Kentucky. They had two children, Dean Kemp and Mary Jo.

He was an instructor at the University of Illinois from 1922-1925 and then became Director of Educational Reference at Purdue University. In 1927 he moved to the Scarborough School, Scarborough, N.Y., where he was Director from 1929 to 1945. After spending a year as Lecturer at the University of Michigan, he joined the faculty of the Department of Education at UCLA in 1946. He retired in 1959 to Clear Lake, California, where, after many more productive years, he died on November 27, 1981.

At the outset of his career, Dean established a reputation as a pioneer in experimental research in the field of visual education. He undertook a number of experiments comparing different modes of visual presentation, work which helped to advance methods of inquiry in this field.

He made major contributions through survey research on problems of critical importance to the profession. For example, at the request of the National Education Association, as early as 1923 he reported on the “Administration of Visual Education: A National Survey.” This report was at that time the most comprehensive and important study of this young

field. Because it delineated so well promising trends and glaring deficiencies, its findings and recommendations were drawn upon for years.

In 1932, Dean made a report for the Will Hays Foundation, designed to inform commercial producers of films. The document gave the results of a survey of the field on the values and needs of visual instruction. In 1937 he undertook a similar study for the Rockefeller Foundation on the problem of producing successful education films designed for school use. His conclusions offered direction to film producers regarding what was needed to create films which were so effective that the educational community would seek to use them for instruction.

As the audio-visual field grew during the twenties, three different organizations came into being. Dean was president of one association, vice-president of another, and on the executive committee of a third. To reduce the wasteful duplication of effort he took the initiative in seeking a merger and in 1932 was the key figure in bringing these different groups to form a single organization within the National Education Association, a group which later took the name, Department of Audio-Visual Instruction, the forerunner of the present one: The Association for Educational Communications and Technology.

Dean was a most effective monitor and interpreter of the potential, the limitations and the needs of the audio-visual enterprise. In addition to his surveys, he was a co-author of two books: The Audio-visual Bibliography (1950, revised in 1955) and the Audio-visual Reader (1954). Both of these publications contributed to a much-needed scholarly framework of the field.

Dean was exceedingly concerned about teacher education; he saw that the effective use of different media in the schools would depend ultimately upon the teacher. While he was the director of an entire school at Scarborough he saw first hand the importance of dealing with the new technology within the context of the total instructional process. His book, Audio-visual Teaching Techniques (1949) was widely used and became a standard for the profession for many years. It was translated into Japanese and was revised in 1955.

In addition to his large classes in the preservice teacher education program, he maintained a lively communication with teachers in service, by frequent publication of articles by teacher's journals. For a fifteen year period he regularly wrote a column for each issue of the Instructor.

While Dean focussed his attention on the modes of stimulus presentation, he saw clearly the importance of placing the audio-visual field always within the context of the entire instructional process. He believed that such aids should be used wisely as part of the total task of teaching. While he maintained that such methods add considerably to the effectiveness of instruction, he felt that proper teacher education was a necessity so that audio-visual methods would not become misused by unwarranted reliance on these techniques.


Although Dean gave considerable attention to the educational film, he always stressed the wide diversity of approaches teachers should consider including the printed word. He was most interested in improving reading ability and in his writings demonstrated how visual aids might contribute to this task.

The many different leadership positions Dean held are testimony to the high esteem given him by so many persons. He was always a most generous person, giving freely of his time and talent to students, colleagues and practitioners.

When he and Sibyl retired to their dream home with a beautiful view of Clear Lake, he continued to serve in an educational capacity. For several years he was a reporter on the local radio and for the local newspaper. Among other civic service activities, he undertook economic surveys for the region which were much appreciated by the business community. Shortly before he died, he completed his last piece of writing, a historical review of the leadership of his national professional organization, an article which was published in the Media Yearbook of 1980.

John McNeil Paul Sheats Evan Keisler


Joseph McCutchan, Engineering: Los Angeles


After a lengthy illness, Professor Joseph W. McCutchan passed away on October 15, 1982, at age 64. Diagnosis of the disease, a form of cancer, baffled medical practitioners for some time, making the period doubly trying for all concerned. Yet Joe's innate goodness and courage never wavered, and he retained his pleasant, warm nature to the end.

Born in Pawnee, Oklahoma on December 24, 1917, Joe received his B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Arkansas. After a period in industry, McCutchan came to UCLA for graduate study and earned an M.S. in engineering. He was appointed Lecturer in 1946 and began an academic career destined to span a period of 35 years. The full, four-year program in engineering was just being initiated at the time, and Professor McCutchan made significant contributions to the development of courses in design and thermodynamics. He enjoyed teaching and the association with students to which it led. He served as an advisor to the engineering honor society, Tau Beta Pi, for several years after its installation at UCLA, and he and Marie, opened their home often for the society receptions and other meetings. Indeed, their home was generally open to students, whether for formal meetings, informal get-togethers, or individual callers. His interest in students continued into alumni affairs, and he was active in getting a UCLA engineering alumni association organized and operating. Students will long remember him for his dedication, warmth, and humility, as well as for the expert instruction received at his hands.

Professor McCutchan's early research efforts were in the area of human heat tolerance, pioneered at UCLA by the late Professor Craig Taylor. It was in the area of saline water conversion, however, that he was to gain most prominence and for which he is especially remembered. His interest was drawn to the field in 1959, and he was subsequently asked to develop a broad-based program at UCLA. He proved to be a skilled administrator as well as a creative researcher, tying together the many disciplines involved in the overall program. In particular, he identified the area of reverse

osmosis, initially suggested by the late Professor S. T. Yuster, as potentially promising (although many others thought otherwise), and directed the UCLA program toward specialization in the subject--both from the theoretical and the application standpoints. He fostered the development of the UCLA membrane, in production today by several companies under license agreement with the University. Development of the membrane (and the reverse osmosis process) brought international recognition to Professor McCutchan and his graduate students, particularly Dr. Loeb and Dr. Sourirajan, thereby enhancing the reputation of UCLA as well. Professor McCutchan also directed pilot-plant field tests directly toward the production of potable water from brackish water (at Coalinga), sea water (at La Jolla), and agricultural waste water (at Firebaugh). The Coalinga plant produced 10,000 gallons per day and was turned over to the City to complement its water supply. Reverse osmosis today is a recognized technique of chemical separation, and new applications continue to be found. Professor McCutchan, then, was able to see the maturation of his early research efforts to industrial scale usage. Such professional satisfaction falls to few of us, indeed.

The success of the reverse osmosis process brought McCutchan invitations to lecture from around the world. While he accepted some of these, he preferred to keep a more “hands-on” contact with the field and spent sabbatical leaves in Washington with the Office of Saline Water and the Office of Water Research and Technology. His research accomplishments also attracted postdoctoral scholars, and other visiting researchers, from this country and abroad. He served on the Board of Directors of the National Water Supply Improvement Association and the International Desalination and Environmental Association, as well as on the Editorial Board of the International Journal Desalination. He was a frequent consultant to the U.S. Navy and Department of the Interior, and was honored in 1981 with the Engineering Merit Award of the Institute for the Advancement of Engineering.

Joe McCutchan will be remembered as a gentle and warm human being, as well as for his contributions to mankind through his efforts in the desalination of water. Those fortunate enough to have known him are the better for it.

J. Glater L. Grandi W. Knapp W. VanVorst


Davis McEntire, Social Welfare; Agricultural and Resource Economics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

A mercifully short illness ended the life of Professor Davis McEntire on July 29, 1983. He is survived by his wife, Iras, son, Mark, daughter, Marian McEntire de Garcia, and grandsons Jorge and Pablo Garcia. He leaves a host of colleagues in the University who held him in high esteem.

McEntire was born on October 15, 1912, in Ogden, Utah, the oldest of nine children of Wells and Ida McEntire. When he was five, the family moved to a small farm near Preston, Idaho. At the time, life on a family farm was rugged and toilsome. That experience probably was the source of McEntire's later tolerance for sustained work, and certainly the source of his enduring interest in rural problems. After high school, he entered Utah State Agricultural College, majoring in agricultural economics and rural sociology. He excelled in both academic and extra-curricular pursuits. There he met fellow student, Iras Leavitt, already an accomplished pianist. They were married in 1932.

A teaching assistantship lured McEntire to Duke University, where he earned a Master's degree in Public Law and Economics (1933). During subsequent educational leaves from professional posts, spent at Harvard University, he earned a Master's of Public Administration (1941) and a Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (1947).

During the Roosevelt administration, McEntire served in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, conducting field studies of the effects of New Deal farm policy. By 1939 he had achieved the post of Senior Economist at the Department's Western Regional Office in Berkeley. During the 1940s, he served sequentially with the U.S. War Relocation Authority, the War Labor Board, and the U.N. Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. He then became Research Director of the Commonwealth Club of California.

McEntire's affiliation with our University began in 1947, when he joined the Institute of Industrial Relations on the Berkeley Campus. Simultaneously he became lecturer at the School of Social Welfare, where he progressed

to Associate Professor in 1948 and Professor in 1953. In 1962 he accepted an additional appointment in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and held the dual professorships until his retirement in 1978.

McEntire's primary association at Berkeley was with the School of Social Welfare. As an experienced researcher, grounded in theory and methods of empirical social research, he taught the first graduate-level course in research methods offered by the School and supervised the introduction of the innovative Group Master's thesis. He created in the School a climate conducive to research by aiding less experienced colleagues and by assisting in the recruitment of competent junior faculty. The current reputation of the School was built upon the foundation laid down in good measure by McEntire. Not limiting his contribution to the research sequence, he developed a large repertoire of courses. He was a principal architect of the School's doctoral program and chaired it during its infant years in the early 1960s. In this, as in every other of his contributions, he directed the School toward the high standards expected in the University of California.

McEntire was uniquely suited by education and experience for his appointment in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics. There he taught courses in American rural society and rural development in the less developed countries. For these he drew on his varied background in administration, economics, political science, and social welfare.

Grants and awards from the Ford, Guggenheim, and Rockefeller Foundations, as well as from other sources, enabled him to undertake research into such diverse topics as agricultural policy, farm labor, housing, internal migration, land reform, race relations, rural resettlement, and urban redevelopment. He was in demand as a consultant on matters of research and social policy, and also as a public speaker. His publications include books, monographs, articles, and chapters in symposia.

McEntire's magnum opus was the study he directed for the National Commission on Race and Housing. Conducted in the late 1950s, it focused on the nature and effects of discrimination obstructing minorities from equal access to housing. The study covered 12 metropolitan areas, engaged 35 experts, took three years, and produced five volumes. The report recommended legislation guaranteeing freedom to choose one's residence, arguing that while laws cannot compel attitudinal change, they can induce behavioral change, which eventually changes attitudes. The report received front-page treatment in both the New York Times and the Sunday Times Book Review section, and earned for him the annual prize for public service from the Sidney Hillman Foundation.

The horizon of McEntire's interest was international. Twice as Fulbright Fellow (1958, 1968), he lectured at major Italian universities. He delivered papers at conferences in Mexico City, Paris, and Tel Aviv. He investigated land reform in Italy, Ireland, Mexico, and Yugoslavia and edited a major

volume on the agricultural policies of seven nations. In 1964 he was a U.S. State Department observer of Yugoslavian community-development projects.

In support of academic self-governance, McEntire gave unstintingly to service on Academic Senate committees, both campus and statewide. The record shows service on eight such committees for an aggregate of 19 years, of which nine years were as committee chairman. Five times he chaired the Committee on Educational Policy. He had vast knowledge of university affairs and great skill in maneuvering through the labyrinth of academe.

Our colleague personified the ideal university professor, excelling in all aspects of academic duties. He was especially effective in that ancient of pedagogical arts, the tutorial. Fortunate was the student who could enlist McEntire to supervise his dissertation. Because of his analytic mind, capacity for work, and sense of responsibility, his colleagues turned to him repeatedly with difficult tasks. Whatever he undertook, he performed with skill.

While his life was one of eminent success, he remained a modest man, never shedding the simplicity of his rural origins. Unburdened by prejudice and pettiness, he was free to use his abundant energy constructively. Soundly educated, widely traveled, and well informed, he possessed the attributes of a cultured man. He was a stimulating conversationalist and pleasant company. He was our gentle, amiable, and valued friend. We will miss him!

Ernest Greenwood Milton Chernin Ralph M. Kramer Loy L. Sammet


Lois McIntosh, English: Los Angeles

Professor Emerita

For almost 30 years Lois McIntosh was actively involved in the teaching of English as a second language. She was associated with the UCLA Department of English (ESL Section) for the last seventeen of those years.

Born and raised in Pleasantville, New York, Lois McIntosh received her B.A. in English from Barnard College in 1930. She taught English and French at Pleasantville High School and later enrolled at Teachers College, Columbia, University, receiving an M.A. in English in 1939. She subsequently taught ESL and composition at Queens College in Flushing, New York, and in 1948 she went to the University of Michigan as a teaching fellow in the English Language Institute. She earned her Ph.D. in English and Education from the University of Michigan in 1953.

In 1957 UCLA agreed to undertake, in collaboration with the Philippine Department of Education and with the support of the Rockefeller Foundation, the establishment of a Philippine Center for Language Study in Manila. It was planned that the Center would carry out an elaborate program of research, materials production, and teacher training in an effort to return the teaching of English to the high level of effectiveness it had attained before World War II. At that time Lois McIntosh was finishing her fifth year as Assistant Professor of English at the American Language Center of Columbia University. Hearing of the Philippine project, she expressed an interest in participating in it, and UCLA was most happy to accept her assistance. She was in Manila, then, with the title UCLA Visiting Associate Professor of English, when circumstances made it necessary for the UCLA-appointed American director of the project to resign and return to the United States. Lois agreed to serve as the director's replacement and for almost a year was UCLA's chief representative on the Philippine project. She carried out the responsibilities of the position admirably, and in 1960 came to Los Angeles as a permanent member of the faculty.

From 1960 until her retirement in 1975, Professor McIntosh was in the ESL Section at UCLA except for a year in Japan as a Fulbright exchange

teacher (1967-68). Until 1974, she was responsible for the ESL service courses in English for foreign students at UCLA and for the supervision and training of the teaching assistants in the ESL Section.

Her specialty was the teaching of grammar. In an era of formalism in language analysis, students appreciated her vast practical knowledge of how grammar might best be explained to second-language learners. In addition to the many papers she presented and published in this area, she was co-author of English as a Second Language with Special Applications to Hungarians (Rinehart and Co., 1957) and Advancing in English (American Book Co., 1970). She was also the principal reviser of books I and II of the English for Today series, Second Editions (McGraw-Hill, 1972 and 1973 respectively). Her last major project was to co-edit a methodology text for teachers, Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (Newbury House, 1979).

Dr. McIntosh was an excellent demonstration teacher and helped train several generations of ESL teachers at UCLA with her closed-circuit demonstration lessons. She also prepared several films and videotapes for teacher-training purposes because she believed that viewing and discussing demonstration lessons were important experiences for teachers in training--experiences that should precede their practice teaching. The film Starting English Early, filmed at the University Elementary School, is a fine example of her work in this area.

Lois McIntosh's methodological approaches were forward looking: many of us consider her to be one of the first to emphasize the importance of contextualization, and someone who anticipated both “English for Specific Purposes” and “Communicative Competence” back in the late 1950s and early 1960s when most practitioners were still teaching languages using either the grammar-translation or the audio-lingual approach. She had a profound influence on the practical skills and teaching philosophies of many of her students and colleagues. For example, after providing an interesting illustration of how a weak language drill could be improved, Bill Slager, a colleague at the University of Utah, acknowledged, “The suggestion came from Dr. Lois McIntosh of UCLA, who has taught me a great deal about contextualization” (TESOL 7:1, 1973, p.40). Likewise, we can recall Lois McIntosh admonishing her students in the early 1960s:

If you are teaching English to a group of foreign air-traffic controllers, the language of the control tower must come first.

She thus anticipated the current trend of gearing language teaching to the language needs of foreign students.

We feel, therefore, that Lois McIntosh will be long admired for her fine creative ability and uncanny instinctive foresightedness as a language teacher

and a developer of classroom teaching materials. Indeed, she was the archetypical teacher--in the best sense of the word.

She was an active member of NAFSA (the National Association of Foreign Student Advisers), TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages), and CATESOL, the California affiliate of TESOL. She also spent several summers on the Navajo Indian Reservation giving special lectures and workshops for the teachers of English in BIA schools.

She is survived by her two sisters, Mrs. Jean Brewster of La Jolla, California, and Mrs. Robert Dubben of Pleasantville, New York, and by Mrs. Dubben's children and grandchildren.

Marianne Celce-Murcia Evelyn Hatch Clifford H. Prator


Wayne L. McNaughton, Management: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Wayne L. McNaughton was born in Topeka, Kansas, on March 23, 1902. He received his BS in 1927 from the University of Illinois, his MS in 1935 from Columbia University and his Ph.D. in 1941 from Columbia University. He earned much of his way through these universities by working in various industrial establishments. This was an experience that he never forgot and which led him to deep involvement with practical industrial relations.

Professor McNaughton joined the UCLA family in 1941 and stayed at UCLA throughout his active academic life. He began as an Instructor, Step III, and became a full Professor in 1960.

His primary academic teaching interest was in the area of personnel management and industrial relations. However, he also taught courses in production management, management theory, and introduction to business. His book in the latter field was a standard text for many years. He was one of the founders of the United States Academy of Management.

Wayne McNaughton was exceptionally active in labor arbitration. He settled disputes in literally hundreds of cases involving major corporations and national labor unions. Scattered through his decisions and opinions are the names of companies such as Standard Oil of California; Minneapolis-Honeywell Company; Shell Oil Company; Texaco, Inc.; Sacony Mobil Oil Co.; Dow Chemical Co.; Hughes Aircraft Co.; Lockheed Aircraft Co.; Douglas Aircraft Co.; and Southern California Edison Company.

Among the many labor unions accepting his decisions were: Independent Union of Petroleum Workers; Utility Workers Union of America; Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union; International Chemical Workers Union; International Brotherhood of Teamsters; International Association of Machinists; Electronic and Space Technicians; Aircraft, Agriculture Implement Workers of America; UAW; Insurance Workers International Union; and Bakery and Confectionary Workers Union.

Scores of Wayne McNaughton's arbitration awards and opinions were published and became standard references for arbitration.


Wayne McNaughton was active in the UCLA Graduate School of Management affairs and in professional organizations. Outstanding was his management of the California Management Review. He served on the editorial staff of this journal in 1962 and was Managing Editor from July 1963 through the year 1968. These were the formative years of this now highly respected magazine for academicians and practicing managers interested in management. His high standards and depth of commitment were very important in laying a solid ground for the subsequent achievements of this magazine. His practical orientation and academic dedication built a bridge in the journal from creative thought about management to executive action.

Wayne L. McNaughton died January 21, 1982. He was a gentle, quiet person with a dry sense of humor. Once a friendship was made it became permanent, and he always expressed continuing interest in the welfare of his friends. He made fast friends among his School colleagues who have missed him since he retired but who have been fortunate in maintaining a continuing correspondence with him almost to the day he died. He left a gap in our School and in the hearts of his many friends which will not be filled easily.

Fred E. Case Harold Koontz George A. Steiner


Leland Leon Medsker, Education: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus
Director, Center for Research and Development in Higher Education, Emeritus

The legacies of Leland Medsker to the University of California, to his family and friends, and to the profession of education are strong in 1985.

They are manifest in the distinguished leadership of his many graduate students, in the vigor of the educational institutions he founded or guided, in the continued usefulness of his scholarship and publications, and in the well-being of his family. Medsker's career took many forms, and collectively they gave substance to his special contributions to American higher education. We will note his achievements as teacher, college president, leader of national education associations, university innovator in the professional development of college and university leaders and director of the nation's foremost center for research and development in higher education. We regret that his legacy is least apparent on the Berkeley campus, which has chosen to abandon its primacy in graduate studies and research in higher education.

Medsker's roots were in the democratic traditions of the American Midwest, and his strong commitment to education of all the people was enhanced by his achievements, which were national and international in scope. His education began in the public schools of Guilford, Missouri, with matriculation to Missouri State University at Maryville in 1923. When his teaching career took him to Illinois in 1930, he began graduate study at Northwestern University and earned a Master's degree in Economics in 1935. Once again, a career move to California shifted his continuing education to Stanford University, where he earned a Doctorate in higher education in 1954. He is known to have said that this was the beginning of his education, which continued for the rest of his life.

Although Medsker was recognized nationally and internationally as the foremost leader of the American junior-community-college movement during its period of greatest development (1950 to 1970), he was always vigilant

in promoting its linkages to other segments of education. His own career was the foundation for this advocacy. He began teaching in the public schools of Saginaw, Michigan, in 1928. Then, after six more years of teaching at the Proviso Township High School in Maywood, Illinois, he was invited to the Chicago Public Schools, where, among other things, he developed Wright Junior College. There he served as dean and president until his move to California, where he became founding president of Diablo Valley Community (then East Contra Costa Community) College. During the next two decades (1936-1956), his national leadership of the junior- and community-college movement was so outstanding that he was elected President of the American Association of Junior and Community Colleges. When Professor T. R. McConnell, the founding director of the Center for Studies of Higher Education, sought an associate director to conduct organized research on crucial issues in community-college education, Medsker was selected. He began his professorship at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1956.

During the next two decades (1956-1976), the Berkeley campus became the foremost center in the United States for research in higher education and for graduate preparation of college and university executive and scholarly leaders for this and other countries. With colleagues in the School of Education and the Center for Research and Development in Higher Education, which he directed from 1967 to 1972, Medsker conducted major research in such fields as the community college, articulation in higher education, accreditation, and non-traditional postsecondary education. He was particularly noted for innovative graduate and institute programs for the preparation of executives and managers of postsecondary institutions. Among the most successful of these programs were those for leaders of higher education in several developing countries, and the Kellogg Foundation Community College Leadership Program.

Medsker published extensively, including results of his research while professor emeritus. Among his major books were The Junior College: Progress and Prospects (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 1960), for which he received the National Book Award in Education. A decade later, for the Carnegie Commission On The Future of Higher Education, he wrote (with Dale Tillery) Breaking The Access Barriers (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 1971). His long interest in articulation among institutions is illustrated by Beyond High School, written with James W. Trent (Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1968); and From Junior to Senior College (with Dorothy M. Knoell, Center for Research and Development in Higher Education, 1965). In addition to publishing many journal articles, he was a very prolific speaker and was in wide demand in all parts of the country.

Medsker's professional service is legendary. He was the Chairman of the Accrediting Commission of Junior and Community Colleges (Western Association of Schools and Colleges);

a Trustee of the College Entrance Examination Board and member of several of its major committees; President of the Association for Higher Education; a policy-committee member of the American Council on Education; an executive-committee member of the National Commission on Education. His consulting with leaders of colleges and universities in the United States and other countries left lasting changes in institutional missions, organization, and programs.

To his teaching, administration and organizational leadership he brought a rare combination of intelligent, hard disciplined work, and great personal warmth. He is remembered by his faculty peers, former students, and professional colleagues as a mentor, learner, and warm friend. His home, like his office, was always open for those seeking ideas, support and counsel. His special gifts and generosity helped many individuals and institutions anticipate and find solutions to problems.

It is particularly appropriate to comment on Medsker's family since it was so tightly woven into his professional life. His family shared his world view of the goodness of people and of their educability. Mary Medsker is a world traveler, revisiting places that she and Leland knew together, and exploring new ones. Their daughter, Linda Lee Medsker has for some years established her own identity in community-college education, and Susan Jane Kuffle has succeeded as a “reentry woman to higher education.” After rearing four children, she has prepared herself for work with the physically handicapped. Medsker's grandchildren are in various stages of their education. Daniel Wilton Kuffle has recently completed his degree in business at the University of California at Los Angeles. Mathew Leland Kuffle, having just finished his military service, is continuing his lower-division education at Santa Rosa College, whose president is one of his grandfather's students at Berkeley. Sarah Elizabeth Kuffle is completing her secondary education. It is a family of which Leland would have been proud, and one for which he provided in many ways.

We know that Medsker has a larger family, to which he gave knowledge, understanding, and affection. We are members of that family and this is the way we remember him.

Dale Tillery T. R. McConnell Theodore Reller


Josephine Miles, English: Berkeley

Professor Emerita
University Professor Emerita

Josephine Miles died on May 12, 1985, at age 73. Born in Chicago, she moved with her family at a young age to Southern California, where she contracted the juvenile rheumatoid arthritis which would leave her physically crippled for the rest of her life. Confronted with this handicap, she chose to ignore it as far as possible. The willpower which it took to shuffle painfully across a room propelled her with deliberate steps through an unresting and always distinguished career.

In 1932, when universities had thought little of the needs of disabled students, Josephine graduated Phi Beta Kappa in English from UCLA. She first thought of herself as a poet, but when she started her graduate work at Berkeley she became increasingly engaged with analyzing the language of poetry. After obtaining her Master's and then her Doctorate in English, she received two letters on the same day in 1940, one offering a playwright apprenticeship at the Pasadena Playhouse, the other a teaching job at Berkeley. She did not hesitate in choosing the academic life she had already learned to cherish.

Though carefully, even painstakingly crafted, her books of poetry and of criticism began to appear soon after. Her first books of poetry were Lines at Intersection (1939), Poems on Several Occasions (1941), and Local Measures (1946). At the same time she pursued her distinctive line of linguistic criticism in Wordsworth and the Vocabulary of Emotion (1942), Pathetic Fallacy in the 19th Century (1942), and Major Adjectives in English Poetry (1946), all published with the University of California Press. Thus she already had a total of six books and four scholarly articles published before gaining tenure in the English Department at Berkeley in 1947, the first woman to do so.

This pace, once established, was not to let up: there are 76 entries under her name in the University of California library catalog. In her poetry as in her criticism, she continued to explore the idiosyncratic details of words

and rhythms, with both the scrupulous verbal precision of a Marianne Moore or Elizabeth Bishop and an intellectual discipline and self-denial perhaps unequalled in her generation. The succeeding books of poetry were Prefabrications (1955), Collected Poems 1930-1960 (1960), Civil Poems (1966), Kinds of Affection (1967), Fields of Learning (1968), Paths (1968), To All Appearances (1974), Coming to Terms (1979, the first book to refer to her affliction), and, finally, her Collected Poems 1980-83, incorporating 51 new poems. Her play House and Home was published in 1966.

Her critical writings in this period reflected the same concerns, and led her in the 1950s to become one of the pioneers in the grounding of criticism in linguistic and computer analysis. Her approach is well illustrated by the titles of her books: The Primary Language of Poetry in the 1640's (1948), The Primary Language of Poetry in the 1740's and 1840's (1950), The Continuity of Poetic Language (1951), Idea and Experiment (1951), Eras and Modes in English Poetry (1957), Renaissance, Eighteenth Century and Modern Language in Poetry: A Tabular View (1960), The Ways of the Poem (1961), Style and Proportion: the Language of Prose and Poetry (1967). In addition she edited, by herself or with her friends, a number of textbooks.

This plethora of titles notwithstanding, Josephine's poetry and criticism converged in her high sense of her vocation as teacher. In large classes as in small, she focused on the needs of the individual student. This is exemplified by her workshop technique of having students “begin with their names”: to identify the exact rhythm of their full name and compose a verse exercise to that specific measure. Her success as a teacher of poetry is illustrated by a roll call of some of her most famous students, whose own genius, in the best cases, does not eclipse an affinity to her distinctive economy of style and subject: A.R. Ammons and William Stafford (both winners of National Book Awards), Robin Blaser, Jack Spicer, Diane Wakoski, and Diana O'Hehir. Her recurring institutional efforts to improve undergraduate writing helped lead to the influential Bay Area Writing Project. From 1972 to her retirement in 1978 she held (as the first woman once again) the prestigious title of University Professor.

Partly because of her handicap, Josephine dedicated herself to a life of language and of teaching. Her house on Virginia Street was, to within a few weeks of her death, frequented by poets, students, and former students from all over the country. Her strenuous service to her university and, beyond it, to the politics of her city, made her in later years an oral historian of Berkeley from the times of J. Robert Oppenheimer to those of People's Park. For her large circle of friends, from university presidents to her loyal

students, those troubled decades were altered by her unfragile, uncompromising lucidity, and calm.

Peter Dale Scott Jonas Barish C. T. Christ I. C. Hungerland B. F. Ritchie


Lynne C. Monroe, Education; Industrial Arts: Los Angeles and Santa Barbara

Professor of Education, UCLA
Professor of Industrial Arts, UCSB
Chairman, Department of Industrial Arts, UCSB

Lynne C. Monroe was born on March 27, 1906 in Cherokee, Kansas, and died in Santa Monica, California on September 9, 1983. His early schooling was completed in the public schools of Kansas. During the period 1924-1928 he attended Kansas State Teachers College, Pittsburg, Kansas earning the Bachelor of Science degree in the field of Industrial Arts. He completed the Master of Science degree at Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa in 1932. From 1929 to 1932 he served as a junior-senior high school instructor in Winfield, Kansas, and as a high school instructor in the public schools of Kansas City, Missouri from 1932 to 1937.

In 1937 he entered the University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, as a Graduate Fellow and earned the degree Doctor of Education in 1939 in the field of Industrial Education. Immediately upon graduation he was appointed as a member of the academic staff at Santa Barbara State College (which became the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1944), where he remained until 1961 as a Professor and as Chairman (1948-1953) of the Industrial Arts Department.

From July 1961 through June 1964 he was granted a leave of absence to serve as Professor and Coordinator of the Port Harcourt, Nigeria Project, an Agency for International Development project administered through the Los Angeles campus.

On July 1, 1964 he was transferred from the Santa Barbara campus to the Los Angeles campus as a Professor of Education where he undertook the responsibility of advising doctoral candidates in Education in addition to teaching of graduate courses related to the field of Industrial Education. He retired from active teaching in 1971.

Early in 1942 he joined the Kiwanis Club in Santa Barbara and served with distinction in a number of administrative posts and won the Legion of Honor Award of Kiwanis International in 1967. In 1966 Lynne Monroe was awarded the Meritorious Distinguished Alumni Award from Kansas State College. In 1969 the California Association of Work Experience

Education recognized his contributions to education with their Award for Outstanding Services. In 1971 recognition came also from the California State Department of Education, Bureau of Industrial Education, with their Award of Appreciation of Outstanding Leadership.

In addition to his extensive participation in the Kiwanis Club he belonged to and participated in many civic and educational groups serving as a speaker at their meetings and as an author of articles in their publications. He traveled extensively throughout the world and had a deep and abiding interest and concern for their diverse groups of people. During World War II he served his country as a Lt. Commander in the U.S. Navy. His contributions have been documented in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the West, and Who's Who in Education.

Dr. Monroe was survived by his wife Lavonne, who lives in Los Angeles.

Melvin Barlow


Elliott Waters Montroll, Physical Sciences: Irvine

Distinguished Professor

Elliott Montroll, a renowned chemist, mathematician, and physicist, who was the first Distinguished Professor appointed on the Irvine campus, died of cardiac arrest December 3, 1983, at his home in Chevy Chase, Maryland. He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on May 4, 1916, and was gently and lovingly reared by his devoted mother and furrier-artist father. Elliott was already able to read and write when he entered the first grade on his fifth birthday. He very early showed initiative in designing and carrying out special projects for his classes. Together with a friend he set up a chemistry laboratory in the basement of the Montroll home and was a chemist without portfolio by the time he entered college.

Elliott Montroll received a bachelor of science degree in chemistry in 1937, and the Ph.D. degree in mathematics in 1940, both from the University of Pittsburgh. He served as a research associate in chemistry at Columbia University in 1939-40, was a Sterling Research Fellow at Yale University in 1940-41, a Research Associate at Cornell University in 1941-42, and served as an instructor in physics at Princeton University in 1942-43. In 1943 he became head of the Mathematics Research Group at the Kellex Corporation in New York, where he worked on programs associated with the Manhattan Project. From 1944-46 he was an adjunct professor of chemistry at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, and from 1946 to 1950 he served first as assistant professor of physics and mathematics, and then as associate professor, at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1951 he was appointed Research Professor in the Institute for Fluid Dynamics and Applied Mathematics at the University of Maryland, a position he held until 1960. He was head of the Physics Branch of the Office of Naval Research from 1948 to 1950, and then Director of its Physical Science Division from 1952 to 1954. In 1960 he joined the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York, as Director of General Sciences. From 1963 to 1966 he was Vice President for Research at the Institute for Defense Analysis in Washington, D.C. In 1966 he was appointed the Albert

Einstein Professor of Physics, and the Director of the Institute for Fundamental Studies, at the University of Rochester. On his retirement from the University of Rochester in 1980 he accepted joint appointments at the University of Maryland and at the University of California, Irvine.

Elliott Montroll was the founding editor of the Journal of Mathematical Physics, an associate editor of the Journal of the Physics and Chemistry of Solids, the Journal of Chemical Physics, and the Journal of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and co-edited the series Studies in Statistical Mechanics. He was author or co-author of about 150 papers and several books.

He was the recipient of many awards and honors. He was elected to the US National Academy of Sciences in 1969, and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1973. He was the co-winner of the Lanchester Prize of the Operations Research Society of America in 1959. He was twice the Lorentz Professor at the University of Leiden, in 1961 and in 1968, and was the Simon-Cherwell Lecturer at the University of Oxford, an Einstein Celebration Lecturer at the University of California, San Diego, and a special Sigma Xi lecturer at several institutions, among many special lectureships he held.

Elliott Montroll's training in mathematics strongly colored his approach to physical problems. His strong mathematical skills often enabled him to obtain exact analytic solutions to seemingly intractable problems. At the same time he was attracted throughout his professional career to problems that had a probabilistic or statistical nature. After his initial work on phase transitions, a subject that continued to interest him throughout his life, he made significant contributions to the theory of the vibrational properties of crystals, and was one of the pioneers in investigating the effects of defects on the vibrations of crystal lattices. He also made fundamental contributions to the theory of the many-body problem in condensed matter physics. Over several decades, he made major contributions to random walk theory and its applications to physical and chemical problems. Beginning in the 1970s he devoted a good deal of his attention to mathematical studies of sociotechnological problems. He was one of the earliest investigators to apply sophisticated and modern techniques of physical sciences to the study of vehicular traffic, population dynamics, and technological evolution and the role of entropy in socio-technological systems.

He placed great value on the understanding of the historical foundations of physics. He was himself a fund of factual and anecdotal information about the lives and work of the great physicists, mathematicians, and chemists of the past three centuries which he managed to transmit to those, both young and old, who had the pleasure of working with him during the past forty-five years. This also made him a popular, and frequently called on, after dinner speaker at conference banquets, and other ceremonial occasions.


As a person, Elliott Montroll was one of the most cheerful and imperturbable people one could ever hope to meet. He was unfailingly helpful to his colleagues, and always willing to take on tasks without first asking what was in it for him. He was truly a man about whom it can be said that no one ever uttered an unkind word and who never made an unkind remark about anyone. His universe consisted exclusively of friends and admirers. He was devoted to his family which, in addition to his wife Shirley, consisted of an equilibrium distribution of five daughters and five sons.

The University of California, and the scientific community, has lost a distinguished, and valued colleague. Those of us who knew him personally, and worked with him closely, have lost a dear friend, whose impact, both personal and scientific, will remain with us forever in cherished memory.

A. A. Maradudin K. E. Shuler R. F. Wallis


Richard T. Morris, Social Welfare: Los Angeles


Professional sociologists, as well as many outside the discipline and the academy, were saddened to learn of the death of Dick Morris on March 17, 1981, in Los Gatos, California. He had retired from UCLA in 1976 after serving as a member of the faculty for twenty-three years; during this time he took his turn at administrative duties (first as Acting Dean of the School of Social Welfare and then as Chair of the Department of Sociology). He brought a fresh approach to his administrative role and played an important part in mediating the turmoil of the sixties on issues concerning academic governance. His forte, however, was not in administration, but in the range of other talents and interests that made him always so personally engaging. He had a special capacity to see things differently, to see them crisply and for their essential meaning, and at the same time for their humor and perversity. He had, in addition, a remarkable ability to listen with empathy, and it didn't matter to him what the status of the other party was: one of the reasons why so many children of his colleagues grew up loving him as a friend.

These admirable qualities, along with the faults and paradoxes that humanize us all, were exhibited in the large and small encounters that make up a career and an everyday life. His love for painting and the arts generally showed everywhere. His impromptu caricatures, often done during heavy debates in faculty meetings, were classic; his casual hallway talk about the details of a Greek frieze could be fascinating; and his own paintings were often delicious double-takes in the sense that they revealed his own character and style while mimicking the masters--a Picasso modern, an impressionist pointilism, and others.

One of the paradoxes of his career lay in the fact that though Dick was not exactly the model of an “orderly professional” (there were too many sparks and spontaneities for that), his contributions often took the paradigm form, seeking to establish an overall order out of conceptual confusion. His earliest work (the Ph.D. dissertation at Ohio State, 1952) used the

paradigm method to develop a general model of social stratification. Collaborating with others, he worked out paradigms for the analysis of leadership (American Journal of Sociology, 1950), class consciousness (Sociology and Social Research, 1966), and professionalization (Sociological Inquiry, 1967). His most cited work is in the same style: A Typology of Norms, American Sociological Review, 1956). Dick also had a strong interest in the interaction of foreign students with their host cultures, a concern that stemmed from his overriding interest in stratification and status processes. His major work, a book entitled The Two Way Mirror (1960), explored this issue of foreign student adjustment in the United States, as did his research as a Fulbright scholar in the Netherlands (1963-64). He played an important role in an interdisciplinary study of the Los Angeles riots in 1965. His “White Reaction Study” co-authored with Vincent Jeffries represented a basic contribution to the total project. Dick also served as an associate editor of the American Sociological Review, and as its book review editor.

Still, as useful as these professional activities and publications were, they do not begin to capture the essence of his creativity and his contribution. For a legion of graduate students, he was a very special presence in the department, through a combination of warmth, tolerance, and ingenuity that sustained and goaded them at the same time. To his faculty colleagues, he gave the same qualities, never so much in evidence as in his sharply detailed and critical reviews of manuscripts-in-process; they were reviews that could be both humbling and helpful.

Dick was not enamoured of formalities--including, some of us thought, the formalities of official mourning. Hence, his colleagues arranged to memorialize his presence in the Department of Sociology through a permanent exhibition in its Graduate Lounge of two of his paintings. Dick had an exquisite sense of the fun of life; we know he would have appreciated the party and the fond recollections (including the talk about his paradigms) that accompanied the installation of the paintings.

Maurice Connery Eliot Rodnick Melvin Seeman


Lloyd N. Morrisett, Education: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

The death of Dr. Lloyd N. Morrisett on Thanksgiving Eve, 1981, brought to a close the life of a distinguished and greatly respected leader in educational administration. Professor Morrisett, a descendant of Huguenots who emigrated to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1700, was born on June 23, 1892, in Barrettsville, Tennessee. He was graduated from high school in Edmond, Oklahoma, and he received his A.B. degree from the University of Oklahoma in 1917. His A.M. degree (1930) and his Ph.D. degree (1934) were conferred on him by Columbia University.

On February 18, 1920, Dr. Morrisett married Jessie Ruth Watson; and they had one son, Lloyd, who now lives in New York with his wife and two children, Sara and Julie. Two years after the death of his first wife in 1964 and after his own retirement from UCLA that year, Dr. Morrisett attended a class reunion in Oklahoma and while there met again Stella Jo Wantland, whom he had dated while attending Oklahoma State Teachers College between 1911 and 1913. On February 8, 1966, after fifty years of separate and happy lives, the two of them were married and enjoyed fifteen years together in their West Los Angeles home.

Among the highlights in the early part of Dr. Morrisett's career during the 1930s, was his serving as Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Yonkers, New York. In 1941 he accepted an invitation to become the first professor of educational administration at UCLA where he developed an outstanding program in the School of Education at the graduate level for the preparation and up-grading of administrators in the various aspects and levels of education. He served as sponsor and committee chairman of 44 Ed.D. degree candidates, 24 M.A. degree candidates, and 177 M.Ed. degree candidates. His leadership in educational administration was recognized not only throughout California but also throughout the United States.

During his years at UCLA, Dr. Morrisett also directed numerous surveys of school districts and systems in California. The results of these surveys and the recommendations growing out of them had a positive effect on

education in California which would be almost impossible to overestimate. In his final years at UCLA he served as Academic Assistant to Dr. Clark Kerr, President of the University of California. He also served on the California Coordinating Committee for Higher Education. Even after retirement, he served as a top-level consultant to the California Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Colleagues and friends of Dr. Morrisett were invariably impressed with his keen and analytical intelligence, his dedication to education and the pursuit of highest quality performance in that profession, his warm and delightful sense of humor, his enthusiasm for living and working, his combining of objectivity and decisiveness, his great dignity in every situation, and his complete integrity at all times.

Dr. Morrisett found deep joy and satisfaction in many aspects of living in addition to those related to his profession. His love of home life, including gardening and cooking; his devotion to the Westwood Hills Christian Church; his cordial entertainment of good friends; his close following of UCLA basketball and football; and his continuous analyses of political and economic issues on the local, state, and national levels added immeasurably to his contagious zest for being alive. His greatest pride, however, was in the illustrious career of his son Lloyd, who, after earning his A.B. degree at Oberlin College and his Ph.D. degree at Yale, has held many prestigious positions and has received numerous awards and honorary doctoral degrees. Since 1967 he has served as President of the Markle Foundation.

The void left by Professor Morrisett's death is one that cannot be filled; all who were associated with him have benefited from his leadership and inspiration, and they will miss him very much.

Claude Fawcett Erick Lindman Clarence Fielstra


Richard David Mosier, Education: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

After a long illness that had forced his early retirement, Richard Mosier died on the 12th of January, 1984.

Mosier was born in Toledo, Ohio, on July 16, 1917. After completing a B.A. in English and Education at the University of Toledo in 1939, he taught high school before returning for the M.A. at Ohio State University, a degree awarded in 1943. Following a short stint at the University of Chicago Laboratory School (founded and made famous by John Dewey--never one of Dick's favorite philosophers), he went to Teachers College, Columbia University, where he changed the focus of his studies to Philosophy of Education.

In the same year in which Columbia granted him the Ph.D., 1946, he joined the faculty of the School of Education at Berkeley, as an instructor, and Assistant Professor in 1947, where he was to remain until his retirement in 1979. During the Second World War, he served first as an enlisted man and then as a lieutenant in the Marine Corps.

The breadth of his intellectual and academic interest is well indicated by a list of professional associations in which he was active: Philosophy of Education Society, History of Education Society, Comparative Education Society, Educational Research Association--no surprise so far, but then--American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Association for Symbolic Logic. That the latter association was by no means perfunctory is attested by the appearance of several publications in The Journal of Symbolic Logic.

His earlier scholarly interests were in the history of American thought. The result of this scholarly effort was the publication of two outstanding books--Making the American Mind, published in 1947 under the imprint of the Columbia University Press, and The American Temper, published in 1952 by the University of California Press. However, with the passing years he became increasingly concerned with logic, with Jean Piaget's synthesis of logical, epistemological and psychological matters, and with

psychological topics. His articles appeared in a number of educational journals, in the philosophical journal The Personalist, and in the Psychoanalytic Review.

A man of punctilious courtesy, Dick Mosier was somewhat reclusive with respect to his colleagues. Yet there are many testimonies of his becoming a very different personality when he stepped inside the classroom. There students found a good-natured, humorous, even jolly professor. At the same time, his intellectual interests were contagious: students spoke of him as inspirational, as one who motivated them to think harder than had been their custom. In his office too he was that kind of professor so prized by students: at once available and supportive.

His long tenure at Berkeley ended at the age of 61. After five years of retirement, Dick Mosier did not survive surgery. He is survived by his wife, Rosalind, and one son, Mark.

Jack London James Jarrett Alan Wilson


Addison Mueller, Law: Los Angeles

Professor Emeritus

Addison Mueller, who died on April 7, 1981, had a distinguished career as a legal scholar and as a leader on the UCLA campus and in the University community. Perhaps his outstanding legacy to the law of contracts is the fact that his highly respected publications had an important influence on other scholars who adopted salient features of the approach which he fashioned. His leadership of the Academic Council during a period of great testing produced innovations in faculty-administration relations that have endured to safeguard the quality of the University.

Ad Mueller was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, March 24, 1908, into a family that had been successful in the lumber business. For more than thirty years his contracts students were weaned on the mysteries of contract law as seen through the eyes of a shrewd Milwaukee lumber dealer, who was only interested in theoretical constructs in the law if they turned out to have practical impact. He pressed students to wrestle with sloppy circumstances and to demand that the law avoid undue reliance on reductionist rules.

Ad Mueller studied sociology and anthropology at the University of Wisconsin, where he met Margaret Sutton Phillips, who was to be his wife and cherished companion for the rest of his life. On graduation he went into the family lumber business, but after nine successful years he yearned for something more and entered Yale Law School. Graduating first in his class in 1943, he returned once again to the lumber business. Two years later he was invited to join the Yale law faculty and teach the contract classes which had been taught until then by the great master of the field, Professor Arthur Corbin. His years at Yale were highlighted by the publication in 1951 of Contract in Context, a book of great originality and insight which became a major influence on how contract law is organized and taught in America. Too challenging to be a best-seller, the book has been highly respected by knowledgeable scholars for over a generation. Its imprint is clearly visible not only in its successor, Contract Law and Its

, which Ad Mueller first coauthored with Arthur Rosett in 1971, but in several competing casebooks, whose authors have acknowledged their debt to the Mueller book.

In 1956, Ad resigned his professorship at Yale and returned again to the lumber business in Milwaukee. The stated reason was family obligation, but, as was well known to those familiar with the situation, his departure from Yale was prompted by what Ad considered the unjust denial of tenure to a colleague for impermissible nonacademic reasons. Under these circumstances, he felt that it was impossible for him to stay. As much as anything, this episode gives some insight into the character and integrity of Ad Mueller.

Fortunately for UCLA, Ad's last foray into the lumber business was brief. In 1958 he was persuaded to join the UCLA law faculty as one of the first appointments in a new administration that was to lead the faculty to national eminence within a decade. Ad Mueller helped to build the school's reputation as a first-rate teaching institution. Besides teaching contracts in the grand manner, he also pioneered in teaching the school's first course in copyright law. He was a leader of the faculty, repeatedly being elected to the advisory committee of the school. During the mid 1960s his interests began to expand into campus and university activities. He served the UCLA campus as chair of the Budget Committee and on numerous other committees and then as chair of the Assembly of the Academic Senate. Later, he became chair of the Statewide Academic Council. While attending a tense Regents meeting in 1971, Ad Mueller suffered the first of a series of disabling illnesses that would have halted further activity by most people. However, he was able to return to teaching and writing and was even able to publish a new edition of his book after his retirement in 1975.

Ad Mueller had a restive, critical, probing mind that brooked no nonsense, that was able quickly to penetrate to the essentials of a problem. His razor-sharp wit included a fine sense of the absurd and a capacity to make intellectual exercise an enjoyable experience. He was a person with a comfortable sense of self who never entirely lost the earthy traces of his Midwestern background. The Law School, the campus and the University have lost a friend. We shall all miss him.

Norman Abrams Melville Nimmer Arthur Rosett


Earl Leonard Muetterties, Chemistry: Berkeley


Earl Muetterties died of cancer on January 12, 1984, at the age of 56. Although he had been at Berkeley for only six years, his contributions to the Berkeley Chemistry Department were important and lasting. His lifetime contributions to the science of chemistry, first as a research worker and later as a teacher, have an impact far beyond the Berkeley community.

Muetterties grew up in Elgin, Illinois, where he was expected to enter the family business. His early decision to instead pursue a career in science was characteristic of his independence of thought and action. At the end of World War II, he served in the U.S. Navy after completing high school. During his brief military career, he was stationed on Treasure Island, and thus began a lifetime attraction to the San Francisco area.

Muetterties received the B.S. (with highest distinction) from Northwestern University in 1949 and the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University (1951 and 1952). He joined the Chemical Research Department, the predecessor of the Central Research Department, at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, in 1952. His abilities were soon apparent and he was promoted to research supervisor with extraordinary rapidity in 1955. With W. D. Phillips, he formed a very productive partnership, effectively exploiting the new tool of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for study of dynamic processes in inorganic compounds. This work resulted in an elegant series of papers establishing the stereochemistry of the main-group fluorides. His research at Du Pont carried out pioneering work on new processes for the synthesis of fluorocarbons and main-group fluorides, particularly SiH4 and B2H6. The boron-hydride work led to one of the most exciting periods of Earl's career, the discovery of polyhedral borane anions such as B12H12²-. In addition to the polyhedral borane work, the late 50s and early 1960s saw the beginning of Muetterties' work on transition-metal organometallic chemistry, which he continued to pursue in his later years at Cornell and finally at Berkeley. In 1965, he was appointed Associate Director of the Central Research Department with a charter to re-establish

catalysis as a major discipline in the department. In addition to carrying out this mandate most successfully, he became a recognized leader in the field of modern inorganic chemistry. His research interests continued to diversify, even to the extent of research on mammalian pheromones, a venture which was formalized by participation in the Monell Chemical Senses Center at the University of Pennsylvania. His formal academic ties included adjunct professorships in chemistry at Princeton (1967-1969) and at the University of Pennsylvania (1969-1973).

After a two-month lectureship at Cambridge University in 1972, Muetterties decided to pursue an academic career. He assumed a professorship in chemistry at Cornell University in 1973. Although he continued research in chemical anthropology and in coordination chemistry, his major research theme became organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis. He was associated with many outstanding graduate students and postdoctoral fellows who are now distinguishing themselves in academic and industrial careers. During his years at Cornell (1973-1978), Muetterties renewed his enthusiasm for cluster chemistry and developed an analogy between transition-metal cluster compounds and the surface structure of metallic catalysts. The opportunity to explore this relationship was significant in attracting him in 1978 to the University of California, which has been an active center of surface-science research.

Upon arriving at Berkeley, Muetterties set up his research in organometallic catalysis and cluster chemistry in the Chemistry Department and at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. He liked to describe his heterogeneous catalysis work as experiments on the coordination chemistry of metal surfaces, but he also focused attention on reactive surface-bound organic species. He combined his major areas of research especially well in his parallel studies of reactions of small coordinating molecules such as CH3CN and CH3NC with metal surfaces, metal cluster compounds, and monomeric metal complexes. His establishment of these parallel efforts had a major impact on the nature of research and the intellectual atmosphere at Berkeley; his conviction that the fundamental chemical processes in heterogeneous and homogeneous metal-based chemistry were closely related, did a great deal to increase the interaction between surface scientists and inorganic chemists at Berkeley. Muetterties believed that chemistry departments in general were too divisionalized and that interdisciplinary research was likely to be of growing importance in the future.

His dedication to all phases of the educational process was evident throughout his career, but particularly at Berkeley where he took a keen interest in the educational policies and processes both at the undergraduate and graduate level. His terms as graduate inorganic advisor were marked by successful efforts to provide students with new flexibility in designing their course programs. Shortly after arriving at Berkeley, he instituted a

new advanced inorganic course, emphasizing modern structural and mechanistic principles, and taught the course himself for several years. At the time of his death, Earl was chairing a committee charged with revising the first-year chemistry program.

Author of over 350 scientific papers, he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Chemical Society, American Physical Society, Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (England), and a Fellow of Churchill College (Cambridge). Additionally, he held more than 24 positions on editorial or advisory boards and more than 65 visiting lectureships throughout the world. He received the prestigious Kirkwood Award, the ACS Award in Inorganic Chemistry, and the ACS Award for Distinguished Service in the Advancement of Inorganic Chemistry. His hobbies and interests included Chinese and Russian history, anthropology, gardening, cross-country and downhill skiing and fishing. Most of these activities were shared with his wife, JoAnn, and six children, to whom he was very devoted.

Earl Muetterties was a major figure in American inorganic chemistry and he contributed to almost every area of this discipline. His untimely death was a tragic loss not only to his family, colleagues, and students, but to the world of chemistry as well.

K. N. Raymond R. A. Andersen R. G. Bergman A. M. Stacy


Jerzy Neyman, Statistics: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus
Director of the Statistical Laboratory

Jerzy Neyman, the last of the great founders of modern statistics, died after a brief illness on August 5, 1981, at the age of 87. He worked actively in his science to the end.

Neyman was born in Bendery, Russia, on April 16, 1894. His ancestors were Polish, but Poland did not exist as a separate country at the time of his birth. His family had lived in Russia proper for several generations, but Neyman considered himself a Pole.

He grew up in the Crimea and the Ukraine and graduated from the University of Kharkov in 1917. Soon thereafter, following the Bolshevik educational reform act, he was assigned to go from place to place teaching preparatory classes for workers and peasants who wanted to enter the university. Classrooms were unlighted and unheated, the rag to wipe the blackboard often froze in its bucket, and his pay consisted of small amounts of butter, sugar, potatoes, and other staples. On various occasions he was in prison, once for six weeks, because he was Polish. His life in Russia ended with his emigration to Poland in 1921 at the age of 27 as part of an exchange of nationals under the Treaty of Riga.

Neyman spent most of 1921-1934 in Poland, studying, lecturing, and doing research in statistics. His Ph.D. thesis in 1924 (University of Warsaw) was on applications of probability to agricultural experiments. A decisive event was his visit to University College, London, to study with Karl Pearson. Here he met Egon Pearson, with whom he founded the modern theory of hypothesis testing.

A crucial turning point in Neyman's career was a six-week American tour in 1937, during which he lectured at a number of universities and participated in a week of lectures and conferences at the Graduate School of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. His American period, which fell one year short of spanning half his life, began the following year when he accepted an invitation from Griffith C. Evans to create a statistical center

at Berkeley within the mathematics department. In 1939 he founded the Berkeley Statistical Laboratory.

The responsibilities of the Laboratory as a consulting service for other departments of the University and the almost immediate outbreak of the Second World War (which involved the Laboratory in intensive bombing research) diverted Neyman from fundamental theory. Increasingly he saw applications as a fascinating source of interesting and delicate problems. Most of Neyman's research at Berkeley was on scientific problems, in areas ranging from cosmology to public health. He had a persistent interest in the possibility of weather modification, and at the time of his death was writing a monograph on the subject.

Research was only part of Neyman's effort on behalf of statistics. He was a teacher in the Socratic tradition, and personally supervised more than 50 Ph.D. students. A great organizer, he delighted in bringing people together in social-scientific situations. Under his active, driving leadership, statistics at Berkeley developed from a one-man operation in 1938 to a separate leading department in 1955. In 1945, to mark the return to peacetime research, he organized a symposium at Berkeley on mathematical statistics and probability. Five other symposia, of increasing size and international participation, followed at five-year intervals. When almost 80, he proposed and organized The Heritage of Copernicus, a volume of essays on quasi-Copernican revolutions, which was published by the National Academy of Sciences to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the birth of the great Polish astronomer.

In 1961, at the age of 67, Neyman became officially emeritus. The University immediately recalled him to active duty as Professor and Director of the Statistical Laboratory, and he continued as such, without a break, until his death. During this period, from 1961 to 1981, he carried more than a full-time load of teaching and administration, and almost doubled the number of items in his already extensive bibliography. He also became increasingly involved in the Civil Rights movement, raising a considerable amount of money for Martin Luther King, Jr., and being instrumental in the establishment at Berkeley of a Special Scholarships program. The present Professional Development Program and its associated Senate Committee on Special Scholarships are a direct result of Neyman's work.

Neyman was the recipient of many honors. The most notable of these was the Medal of Science which he was awarded in 1968 for “laying the foundations of modern statistics and devising tests and procedures that have become essential parts of knowledge of every statistician.” His personal code of behavior can best be expressed by the word “appropriate,” which he so often used. It was “appropriate” to fight injustice, to assist the underdog, to “stand up and be counted” on the issues of the day, to give credit and praise where it was due, especially to the young, and to try to conduct oneself with dignity in controversy.


People and work were necessities to him. His best work was done when he was “emotionally involved” with people as well as with subject matter. The people could be students, fellow statisticians, scientists in other fields, or even worthy opponents. He cared deeply about his students and their problems, personal as well as professional, and he was incorrigibly generous. He would try to draw students and colleagues into a kind of family situation where his role was that of a wise father, able to arrange things so they would turn out as they should for everybody.

In the hospital during his last days, the sign on the door of his room said “family members only.” The hospital staff must have been amazed at the size of the family who came to say goodby to Jerzy Neyman.

It is fortunate that Constance Reid, author of mathematical biographies of Hilbert and Courant, became interested in Neyman's life and influence and spent many hours interviewing him during his last years. Her book, Neyman--From Life, based on these interviews and on his personal papers, was published in 1982 by Springer-Verlag.

David Blackwell Lucien Le Cam Erich L. Lehman H. Lewy Elizabeth L. Scott


Edwin Franklin Orlemann, Chemistry: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

Ed Orlemann passed away on August 18, 1985 at the age of 70. He was a native of Minnesota, and received his education there, graduating from St. Thomas College in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1936. During the 1936-1937 academic year, he taught chemistry at St. Thomas Academy. He entered the University of Minnesota in 1937 as a graduate student in chemistry and specialized in analytical chemistry. His research was carried out under the guidance of the eminent analytical chemist, Professor I. M. Kolthoff, and involved investigations of methods of analysis using polarographic techniques with the dropping mercury electrode. This association resulted in a number of publications. He was awarded the Ph.D. in 1941, and joined the faculty at Berkeley in the fall of 1941 as Instructor in Chemistry. His academic pursuits were interrupted by war service from 1943 to 1945. He moved to the Metallurgical Laboratory, University of Chicago (for work on the Manhattan Project), in February of 1943, and later transferred to Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Tennessee Eastman, now Oak Ridge National Laboratories). He returned to Berkeley in the fall of 1945 as Assistant Professor of Chemistry. He was promoted to Associate Professor of Chemistry in 1948 and to Professor of Chemistry in 1954, choosing early retirement in 1976.

Ed Orlemann cared for his teaching. His normal assignments were the sophomore courses in Introductory Quantitative Analysis, taken by many hundreds of students in diverse fields of science, and in a senior chemistry majors course in Advanced Quantitative and Instrumental Analysis. For the former course he collaborated with Olson and Koch in writing Introductory Quantitative Analysis published in 1948 and used for many years in the course at Berkeley. Students enjoyed his witty humor and puns; they appreciated his forbearance and tolerance in responding to students' questions. He was always ready to spend as much time as seemed to be needed to help the student get to the root of the question which was asked and to have the student see and understand the answer.


Ed showed genuine concern for the students. Beginning in 1960 he was appointed Assistant Dean for Undergraduates in the College of Chemistry, a position in which he served much to the satisfaction of faculty, as well as students, until 1974. In this position he showed a very strong sense of fairness in dealing with the students and their problems. His attitude was humane; he was always available and ready to discuss at any length the student's concerns. Ed showed a compassion for the students in difficulty, and understanding for students who needed to interrupt their education. Upon his retirement, the undergraduate student society presented him with a desk set, suitably engraved.

Ed cared for the University. He was proud of his association with Berkeley and its strength and developing reputation as a front runner in American education during his tenure on the faculty. An habitue of the Faculty Club, he had a reputation as a Hearts player par excellence. He was a real wit; his ability to tell a joke or make a pun was remarkable.

Ed Orlemann cared deeply for his family. His hobbies included playing the banjo, which helped him earn his way through college. Later, when his children were small, he enjoyed singing and playing for them in the evenings. Ed was an avid reader, particularly of the Lincolnian period of American history. Ed is survived by his wife, Olga C. Orlemann, four children: Jean Hohenthal, Judith, James, Jill Hill, and a step-daughter, Genie Hamilton.

Donald S. Noyce George Jura Charles W. Tobias


George Frederik Papenfuss, Botany: Berkeley

Professor Emeritus

At the time of his death on December 8, 1981, George Frederik (“Frikkie”) Papenfuss was at the peak of his illustrious career, a remarkable circumstance for a man 78 years old. As President of the International Phycological Society he brought about the realization of his most cherished dream, the First International Phycological Congress, which unfortunately he did not live to enjoy. The congress was held at St. John's, Newfoundland, in August 1982 and served as a splendid memorial to its instigator and president, the most influential person in marine phycology during the past 30 years. In planning the congress, Papenfuss overcame obstacles of apathy and overt opposition that would have daunted an ordinary academician. At the heart of his success in this venture was an extraordinary talent for persuasion, based on sterling personal qualities of fairness, honesty, tact, gentility, warmth, great charm, and a genuine respect and concern for the welfare of others.

Papenfuss was born on a farm near Harrismith, Orange Free State, of Dutch and Huguenot ancestry. Although Afrikaans was his first language, he obtained a masterful command of English. Deciding to go to the United States to study the growing of cotton and tobacco, he enrolled at North Carolina State College (now University) at Raleigh, whence he graduated with high honors in 1929.

More intrigued by science than by farming, Papenfuss entered graduate school at Johns Hopkins University, initially inclining towards plant pathology. Every graduate student in botany at that university was required to spend a summer session at a marine laboratory and another in the tropics. Papenfuss went immediately to Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory in Maine, where one of the professors from Johns Hopkins, Duncan S. Johnson, had a cottage, taught, and undertook research during the summers. This excellent teacher had broad botanical interests, but concerned himself especially with morphology and intertidal ecology. By the end of summer, Papenfuss had decided in favor of marine phycology. His dissertation was a study of

the life history of a filamentous brown alga, Ectocarpus, carried out during several successive summers at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Meanwhile, he had gained requisite tropical experience by participating in a brief expedition to Jamaica and had married a fellow graduate student, Emma Jean Papenfuss, who took her doctorate in zoology.

In 1933, with diploma in hand, Papenfuss tried to obtain employment in his native land, but the Great Depression interfered. He taught briefly at Johns Hopkins and was awarded a Johnston Scholarship from that school to support post-doctoral study. He chose to work with two eminent Swedish marine phycologists, Harald Kylin of Lund and Nils Svedelius of Uppsala. The Johnston Scholarship was extended to support a year's sojourn in South Africa for the purpose of collecting seaweeds. Initially, Papenfuss intended to obtain selected algae to be studied in culture, but he soon realized that there was a great need for a comprehensive study of the rich South African marine flora. He so impressed the zoologists at the University of Cape Town with his industry and knowledge that he was able to divert to his own needs part of a grant given to the University by the Carnegie Corporation to support an intertidal ecological survey. In the period 1935-1939 he surveyed more than 2,000 miles of coast and amassed the most representative collection of marine algae ever assembled in South Africa. Residual money from the Carnegie grant enabled him to return to Sweden in 1939, again to work under Kylin's supervision. He soon received an offer of employment from the University of Hawaii, but developments in the war made a westward journey impossible. He therefore travelled eastward, taking the Trans-Siberian Railway from Moscow to Vladivostok, thence going by sea to Yokohama and Honolulu. Mrs. Papenfuss, who had returned to the United States at the time her husband went to Lund, rejoined him from the opposite direction. A son, Theodore J. Papenfuss, who eventually received a doctorate in zoology at Berkeley, was born the following year (1941).

While Papenfuss appreciated the opportunity to study tropical seaweeds, he was anxious to pursue his South African project. To this end he obtained a two-year Carnegie Corporation Fellowship to support his studies at Berkeley, where William A. Setchell had developed exceptional resources in marine phycology. He arrived in Berkeley in June 1942. Setchell died in 1943, and in 1944 Papenfuss stepped on the first rung of the academic ladder at Berkeley. Actively indulging his love of phycology and phycologists to the end, he died in his sleep, of a coronary occlusion, after a busy and happy day at the University.

Papenfuss's most important role was that of teacher. This assertion may amaze anyone who attended his formal lecture courses, but on a one-to-one basis he was without peer, being exceedingly generous of his time, ideas, materials, and moral support. He steered the course of 17 doctoral

students, more than half of whom now hold positions in major universities and have generated scores of academic grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren. His generosity extended beyond his own graduate students to all those phycologists and prospective phycologists who