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Oral history interviews with Mexican political leaders and other personalities : Mexico, 1964-1965.
BANC MSS M-M 1905 Carton 1; Phonotape 1166 A; Phonotape 3350 C :1; BANC CD 207:1-162 1; ...
Collection Overview

Title:

Oral history interviews with Mexican political leaders and other personalities: Mexico, 1964-1965
Interviews concerning Mexican history and politics, particularly 1910-1940

Creator/Contributor:

Wilkie, James Wallace., creator, Interviewer.

Creator/Contributor:

Monzón de Wilkie, Edna., Interviewer.

Creator/Contributor:

Abascal, Salvador, 1910-, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Acevedo, Aurelio R., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Andreu Almazán, Juan., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Barba González, Silvano, 1895-1967, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Batalla de Bassols, Clementina., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Beteta, Ramón., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Bojórguez, Juan de Dios, 1892-, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Caso, Alfonso, 1896-1970, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Chávez Orozco, Luis, 1901-1966, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Cosío Villegas, Daniel, 1898-1976, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Fuentes, Carlos., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Gaxiola, Francisco Javier, Jr, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Gómez, Marte R., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Gómez Morín, Manuel, 1897-1972, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Guzmán, Martín Luis, 1887-1976, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

León, Luis L., 1890-1981, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

List Arzubide, Germán, 1898-, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Lombardo Toledano, Vicente, 1894-1968, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Manrique, Aurelio., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Muñoz Cota, José., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Ortega, Melchor., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Padilla, Ezequiel, 1890-1971, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Palomar y Vizcarra, Miguel., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Portes Gil, Emilio, 1890-1978, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Sierra Ríos, Manuel José, 1885-1941, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Silva Herzog, Jesús, 1892-1985, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Siqueiros, David Alfaro., Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Treviño, Jacinto B., 1883-1971, Interviewee.

Creator/Contributor:

Sierra, Manuel J., 1885-, Interviewee.

Abstract:

Tapes and transcripts of interviews with the following Mexican leaders, conducted by Mr. Wilkie and Edna Monzón de Wilkie: Salvador Abascal, Aurelio R. Acevedo, Juan Andreu Almazán, Silvano Barba González, Clementina Batalla de Bassols, Ramón Beteta, Juan de Dios Bojórquez, Alfonso Caso, Luis Chávez Orozco, Daniel Cosío Villegas, Carlos Fuentes, Francisco Javier Gaxiola, Jr., Marte R. Gómez, Manuel Gómez Morín, Martín Luis Guzmán, Luis L. León, Germán List Arzubide, Vicente Lombardo Toledano, Aurelio Manrique, José Muñoz Cota, Melchor Ortega, Ezequiel Padilla, Miguel Palomar y Vizcarra, Emilio Portes Gil, Manuel J. Sierra, Jesús Silva Herzog, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and Jacinto B. Treviño. Interviews relate to Mexican history and politics, particularly from 1910-1940.

Date:

1964 (issued)

Contents:

Abascal interviews, Aug. 17, 1964-Jan. 29, 1965. Reel 1: track 1: 1025 ft., track 2: 962 ft. Reel 2: track 1: 916 ft., track 2: 173 ft. Topics: Mexican Revolution, Sinarquista movement for freedom of the church -- Acevedo interviews, June 2-10, 1964. Reel 3: track 1: 973 ft., track 2: 967 ft. Reel 4: track 1: 965 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Mexican Revolution, Cristeros, Plutarco Elías Calles, life in Zacatecas, the revolution from the standpoint of the ranchero -- Andreu Almazán interviews, July 3-Dec. 29, 1964. Reel 5: track 1: 1024 ft., track 2: 205 ft. Reel 6: track 1: 839 ft., track 2: blank. Reel 7: track 1: 1034 ft., track 2: 1047 ft. Reel 8: track 1: 985 ft., track 2: 901 ft. Reel 9: track 1: 1023 ft., track 2: 237 ft. Reel 10: track 1: 1005 ft., track 2: 240 ft. Reel 11: track 1: 1005 ft., track 2: 30 ft. Topics: Family, participation in the Mexican Revolution (Emiliano Zapata, Francisco Villa, death of General Alvaro Obregón), election and presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas, his own candidacy for the presidency, Cristero movement, race relations in Mexico, Francisco Madero and U.S. intervention.
Barba González interviews, Aug. 12-21, 1967. Reel 12: track 1: 878 ft., track 2: 862 ft. Reel 13: track 1: 473 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, comments on presidencies of P.E. Calles and L. Cárdenas, his role in education and politics, involvement with labor unions, Mexican agrarian reform -- Batalla de Bassols interviews, Apr. 8-May 6, 1964. Reel 14: track 1: 908 ft., track 2: 695 ft. Topics: her husband Narciso Bassols and Mexican women in law -- Beteta interviews, Aug. 11-Dec. 17, 1964. Reel 15: track 1: 1020 ft., track 2: 569 ft. Note: between 392-517 ft. of track 2 there is double recording. Topics: Family, Venustiano Carranza's death, L. Cárdenas' presidency -- Bojórquez interviews, May 28, 1964-Jan. 17, 1965. Reel 16: track 1: 984 ft., track 2: 968 ft. Reel 17: track 1: 150 ft., track 2: repeat of track 1. Topics: Family, state of Sonora, Yaqui Indians, Venustiano Carranza, A. Obregón, Victoriano Huerta, P.E. Calles, block of intellectual workers, labor strikes during Cárdenas' presidency.
Caso interview, Aug. 21-Oct. 28, 1964. Reel 18: track 1: 975 ft., track 2: 787 ft. Reel 19: track 1: 881 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, Mexico before the conquest, the Colonial Period, Instituto Nacional Indigenista, the Mexican Indian problem, mestizaje -- Chávez Orozco interviews, June 7-28, 1964. Reel 20: track 1: 1050 ft., track 2: 1052 ft. Reel 21: track 1: 1050 ft., track 2: 1052 ft. Reel 22: track 1: 1047 ft., track 2: 1040 ft. Topics: Family, philosophy behind the Revolution, Porfiriato, Mexico as New Spain, Agustín de Iturbide, L.Cárdenas, Catholic Church during the revolution, Mexican Indian policies, Mexican socialism -- Cosío Villegas interviews, Apr. 8, 1964-Jan. 26, 1965. Reel 23: track 1: 1049 ft., track 2: 1046 ft. Reel 24: track 1: 1051 ft., track 2: 1048 ft. Reel 25: track 1: 607 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, Partido Revolucionario Institucional, agrarian politics in Mexico -- Gaxiola interviews, Mar. 31-Apr. 20, 1964. Reel 27: track 1: 1036 ft., track 2: 1030 ft. Reel 28: track 1: 1002 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, U.S.-Mexican relations during the revolution, death of P.E. Calles, economic depression, presidency of Cŕdenas, presidential elections in the 1920's, workers strikes, social stratification.
Gómez interviews, Apr. 16-May 19, 1964. Reel 29: track 1: 1039 ft., track 2: 1039 ft. Reel 20: track 1: 847 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, Zapatista movement, agrarismo and ejidos, Venustiano Carranza, L. Cárdenas, economic depression of 1932, state of Tamaulipas during the revolution -- Gómez Morín interviews, June 12, 1964-Jan. 26, 1965. Reel 31: track 1: 1067 ft., track 2: 1071 ft. Reel 32: track 1: 1054 ft., track 2: 749 ft. Note: Reel 32:2 includes part of Casío Villegas interview (p. 135 of transcript). Topics: Family, Catholic Church and the revolution, economic depression, Mexican-Soviet relations, Mexican electoral system, Partido Revolucionario Institucional, Partido de Acción Nacional, Mexican agrarian structures, federal budget, accomplishments of the revolution -- Guzmán interviews, Sep. 30, 1964-Jan. 9, 1965. Reel 33: track 1: 1050 ft., track 2: 262 ft. Topics: Family, Guzmán's relations with Francisco Villa, Porfirismo, Mexican philosophy of education, Guzmán's exile in Spain, his Mexico City periodical "Tiempo."
León Uranga interviews, Jan. 14-27, 1965. Reel 34: track 1: 1090 ft., track 2: 353 ft. Reel 35: track 1: 1050 ft., track 2: 515 ft. Reel 36: track 1: 1092 ft., track 2: 523 ft. Topics: Family, Porfiriato, northern Mexico during the revolution, P.E. Calles, Francisco Villa, A. Obregón, Mexican anti-clerical movement, U.S. ambassador Dwight Morrow, agrarian reform, Pascual Ortís Rubio, Cárdenas' socialism, Mexican industrialization, León Uranga's return from the U.S. in 1939 -- List Arzubide interview, Mar. 25, 1964. Reel 37: track 1: 1102 ft., track 2: 1096 ft. Topics: Family, Communist party during the revolution, politics during Cŕdenas' period, religiosity of Mexican people.
Lombardo Toledano interviews, Jan. 6, 1964- Jan. 29, 1965. Reel 38: track 1: 1026 ft., track 2: 1025 ft. Reel 39: track 1: 1022 ft., track 2: 1024 ft. Reel 40: track 1: 931 ft., track 2: 640 ft. Reel 41: track 1: 939 ft., track 2: 631 ft. Reel 42: track 1: 945 ft., track 2: 616 ft. Reel 43: track 1: 890 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, land tenure systems throughout Latin America, A. de Iturbide, Lomabrdo Toledano's Marxist viewpoint, political developments and reforms during the revolution, Mexican revolutionary constitution, political results of Obregón's death, agrarian policies, experience as Mexican ambassador in Moscow, Mexican workers' unions, World War II, his philosophy of education, historial materialism, Marxist interpretation of Mexican history, workers' political movements in Mexico, L. Cárdenas and Partido Revolucionario Mexicano, Cristeros, Catholic Church and Mexican political reforms, Trotsky's exile in Mexico, Latin American Confederation of Labor, labor unions in contemporary Mexico, president Miguel Alemán, Partido Popular Socialista, principle of non-reelection in Mexico.
Manrique interview, June 25, 1964. Reel 44: track 1: 1075 ft., track 2: 907 ft. Topics: Family, Porfirismo, P.E. Calles, A. Obregón, Calles' anti-agrarian and anti-clerical policies -- Muñoz Cota interview, Jan. 27, 1964. Reel 45: track 1: 978 ft., track 2: 979 ft. Topics: His association with President Cárdenas, defining "revolution" in the Mexican context, socialism and Marxism in Mexico, Cárdenas' agrarian reform, presidents since the revolution -- Orgeta interviews, May 18-27, 1964. Reel 46: track 1: 1022 ft., track 2: 789 ft. Topics: Family, revolution, land reform, A. Obregón, P.E. Calles, Cárdenas, communism in Mexico, land, ejidos and minifundio -- Padilla interviews, Aug. 11, 1964-Jan. 25., 1965. Reel 47: track 1: 1055 ft., track 2: 421 ft. Reel 48: track 1: 1075 ft., track 2: 448 ft. Reel 49: track 1: 922 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, Mexican revolution, Francisco Villa, revolutionary battles, deportation to Havana, studies in New York City, consequences of Obregón's death, Catholic Church in the revolution, participation in the Mexican Senate, politics during Cárdenas' regime, politican and economic results of the revolution, democracy in Mexico, Padilla's political life and presidential candidacy.
Palomar Y Vizcarra interviews, Apr. 29-May 11, 1964. Reel 50: track 1: 1063 ft., track 2: 981 ft. Reel 51: track 1: 1001 ft., track 2: 1066 ft. Topics: Family, Catholic Church during the revolution, A. de Iturbide, Emperor Maximiliano, Cristeros, A. Obregón and the Catholic Church, Catholic hierarchy, confrontation between Chruch and State, the Vatican's position on the Mexican Catholic Church -- Portes Gil interviews, May 7, 1964-Jan. 14, 1965. Reel 52: track 1: 1023 ft., track 2: 1036 ft. Reel 53: track 1: 1035 ft., track 2: 1050 ft. Reel 54: track 1: 914 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, Portes Gil as governor of Tamaulipas, Church in Tamaulipas during the revolution, land reform, P.E. Calles, Cárdenas, Partido Fronterizo, relations wtih August César Sandino, Mexican relations with China and the Soviet Union, the Estrada Doctrine, Calles' anti-clerical policies, Cárdenas' presidential candidacy, Narciso Bassols -- Sierra intervew, June 4, 1964. Reel 55: track 1: 778 ft., track 2: blank. Topics: Family, role of his father in the revolution, French and British influence in Mexico, system of education during the Porfiriato, Mexican intellectuals.
Silva Herzog interviews, Apr. 21-June 9, 1964. Reel 56: track 1: 992 ft., track 2: 996 ft. Reel 57: track 1: 838 ft., track 2: 864 ft. Reel 58: track 1: 1035 ft., track 2: 1014 ft. Reel 59: track 1: 1034 ft., track 2: 266 ft. Topics: Family, Mexican revolution, personal hardships and false accusations, Aguascalientes Convention, Francisco Villa, Venustiano Carranza, A. Obregón, Constitution of 1917, right and left wings in the revolution, Silva Herzog's academic background, Victoriano Huerta's rebellion in 1924, agrarian reform, diplomatic missions (Soviet Union), José Vasconcelos, Cárdenas' regime, Silva Herzog's Marxism, nationalization of Mexican oil, Vasconcelista movement, the Mexican Univeristy, Cárdenas' land distribution and taxation pgrogram, monetary stability, presidencies of Alemán and Avila Camacho, Silva Herzog's ideology, opinions on various presidents, and his experience in education.
Siquieros interviews, Oct. 29-30, 1964. Reel 60: track 1: 951 ft., track 2: 234 ft. Topics: Family, Mexican Art movements during the revolution, rediscovery of indigenous values, abstract and figurative art in Mexico, muralismo, Museum of Modern Art in Mexico City, contemporary artistic trends -- Treviño interview, June 4-24, 1964. Reel 61: track 1: 544 ft., track 2: 546 ft. Reel 62: track 1: 542 ft., track 2: 962 ft. Topics: Family, Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata, Guadalupe Plan, Francisco Madero, Woodrow Wilson, Francisco Villa, P.E. Calles, Aguascalientes Convention, his participation in Victoriano Huerta's government, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, Treviño's exile in the United States, Cárdenas' period, Manuel Avila Camacho, Mexican politics in the 1940's, Juan Andreu Almazán, Miguel Alemán, Mexican Indians, policy of "puerto libre,", Treviños ideology and political affiliation.

Subject:

Calles, Plutarco Elías -- 1877-1945
Zapata, Emiliano -- 1879-1919
Villa, Pancho -- 1878-1923
Obregón, Álvaro -- 1880-1928
Cárdenas, Lázaro -- 1895-1970
Carranza, Venustiano -- 1859-1920
Huerta, Victoriano -- 1845-1916
Iturbide, Agustín de -- 1783-1824
Catholic Church -- Mexico
Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
Cristeros
Labor unions -- Mexico
Land reform -- Mexico
Indians of Mexico
Strikes and lockouts -- Mexico
Communism -- Mexico
Politicians -- Mexico -- Interviews
Education -- Mexico
Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920
Mexico -- Politics and government -- 1910-1946
Mexico -- History -- 1910-1946

Note:

Some tapes not yet transcribed.
Track 2 of reel 59 recorded at 3 3/4 ips, remainder at 1 7/8 ips.
AUDIO/VISUAL MATERIALS RESTRICTED. Requests for use of original must be approved by the appropriate curator. CU-BANC
FOR REFERENCE USE ONLY. Reproduction of tapes or transcripts prohibited. Direct requests for copies or permission to publish to James W. Wilkie, UCLA Program on Mexico, 11250 Buncie Hall, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90024-1487.
In Spanish.

Type:

Oral histories.

Physical Description:

1 carton.
62 sound tape reels : analog, 1 7/8 ips, 3 3/4 ips, 2 track ; 5 in.

Language:

Spanish

Identifier:

BANC MSS M-M 1905 Carton 1
Phonotape 1166 A
Phonotape 3350 C :1
BANC CD 207:1-162 1
BANC CD 207:1-162 162
BANC CD 207:1-162 155
BANC CD 207:1-162 156
BANC CD 207:1-162 157
BANC CD 207:1-162 158
BANC CD 207:1-162 159
BANC CD 207:1-162 160
BANC CD 207:1-162 161
BANC CD 207:1-162 28
BANC CD 207:1-162 27
BANC CD 207:1-162 26
BANC CD 207:1-162 25
BANC CD 207:1-162 21
BANC CD 207:1-162 20
BANC CD 207:1-162 19
BANC CD 207:1-162 18
BANC CD 207:1-162 17
BANC CD 207:1-162 16
BANC CD 207:1-162 15
BANC CD 207:1-162 14
BANC CD 207:1-162 13
BANC CD 207:1-162 12
BANC CD 207:1-162 11

Origin:

Mexico

Copyright Note:

AUDIO/VISUAL MATERIALS RESTRICTED. Requests for use of original must be approved by the appropriate curator. CU-BANC
FOR REFERENCE USE ONLY. Reproduction of tapes or transcripts prohibited. Direct requests for copies or permission to publish to James W. Wilkie, UCLA Program on Mexico, 11250 Buncie Hall, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90024-1487.