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Black Panther Party collection.
MANUSCRIPT 2603-2604
Collection Overview


Black Panther Party collection


1966 (issued)


Box 2603: Photos and buttons. Box 2604: Fliers, small posters, handouts, pamphlets, campaign literature, Ministry of Information Black Papers, miscellaneous ephemera.


Black Panther Party.
Newton, Huey P
Cleaver, Leroy Eldridge -- 1935-1998
Cleaver, Kathleen
Carmichael, Stokely
Brown, H. Rap (Hubert Rap) -- 1943-
Seale, Bobby -- 1936-
Davis, Angela Y. (Angela Yvonne) -- 1944-
Hilliard, David
Brown, Elaine -- 1943-


The Black Panther Party was founded in October 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale as an organization dedicated to protecting and uplifting the Black population of Oakland. As the organization grew this focus spread to the rest of the United States and even abroad. The armed militancy and Marxist rhetoric employed by the Black Panthers, along with their philosophy of Black self-government and self-defense against police brutality, caught the attention of both local law enforcement authorities and the FBI, which declared the Party an enemy of the U.S. government. As a result, many in the Panthers' upper echelons were either arrested or went into exile. In 1969, Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were killed by police officers who had raided their Chicago apartment; after a subsequent shoot-out at the Party's headquarters in Southern California, the FBI issued a public apology for the wrongful use of power. After 1971, while efforts to feed, clothe, and provide healthcare for poor people of color continued, the party's major focus was on the legal problems of its leadership. Methods also shifted from armed resistance to working within the system by running candidates for local and national elections.
Unrestricted. Please credit California State Library.
Black Panther Party
Finding aid available; Folder level control.

Physical Description:

2 boxes.




MANUSCRIPT 2603-2604



Copyright Note:

Unrestricted. Please credit California State Library.