Title:Joshua Abraham Norton papers, approximately 1848-1880
Emperor Norton papers
Creator/Contributor:Norton, Joshua Abraham, 1818-1880, creator, creator.
Creator/Contributor:Hoffman, Ogden, 1822-1891, correspondent.
Creator/Contributor:Curtis, Minnie Wakeman, 1857-1933, correspondent.
Creator/Contributor:McHenry, John, 1809-1880, correspondent.
Creator/Contributor:Hays, John Coffee, 1817-1883, signer.
Creator/Contributor:Van Ness, James, 1807-1872, signer.
Creator/Contributor:Gorham, William R., signer.
Includes letters to John McHenry, Ogden Hoffman and Minnie Wakeman (later Mrs. W.B. Curtis); deeds for property in San Francisco
signed by John C. Hays, William R. Gorham and James Van Ness; clippings concerning the Wakeman family; Imperial scrip, 1870-1880;
and biographical sketches of Norton.
Norton, Joshua Abraham -- 1818-1880 -- Correspondence
Norton, Joshua Abraham -- 1818-1880 -- Archives
Land tenure -- California -- San Francisco
Land tenure -- California
California -- San Francisco
Letters to Minnie Wakeman, March, March 18?, March 29 and April 2, 1875 : Also available on microfilm (BANC FILM 2196).
Joshua Abraham Norton papers, BANC MSS C-B 657, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Joshua Abraham Norton (February 4, 1818-January 8, 1880), known as Emperor Norton, was a citizen of San Francisco, California,
who proclaimed himself "Norton I, Emperor of the United States" in 1859. Norton was born in England but spent most of his
early life in South Africa. He sailed west after the death of his mother in 1846 and his father in 1848, arriving in San Francisco
possibly in November 1849. Norton had no formal political power, nevertheless, he was treated deferentially in San Francisco
and currency issued in his name was honored in the establishments that he frequented. Some considered him insane or eccentric,
but citizens of San Francisco celebrated his regal presence and his proclamations, such as his order that the United States
Congress be dissolved by force and his numerous decrees calling for a bridge connecting San Francisco to Oakland, California,
and that a corresponding tunnel be built under San Francisco Bay. On January 8, 1880, Norton collapsed at the corner of California
and Dupont (now Grant) streets and died before he could be given medical treatment. Upwards of 10,000 people lined the streets
of San Francisco to pay him homage at his funeral.
Partially from the T.W. Norris Collection.
partial microfilm reel (6 exposures) : negative (Rich. 808:8)
BANC MSS C-B 657
BANC FILM 2196