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Cyril Hawkins papers, approximately 1849-1900.
BANC MSS 2016/193 box 1; BANC MSS 2016/193
Collection Overview


Cyril Hawkins papers, approximately 1849-1900


Hawkins, Cyril, 1832-1902, creator, creator.


Hawkins, Austin, 1825-1908, correspondent.


Hawkins, William, 1796-1868, correspondent.


Contains 16 handwritten letters, 3 pocket diaries (May 1849-May 1850, April-June,1851, July-September, 1851),1 typescript autobiography of Cyril Hawkins, 2 handwritten biographical sketches written for the McConnelsville Herald, 1 handwritten copy of a proposed bill in Ohio concerning elevator safety, 5 envelopes, 9 clipped out signatures, 1 small handwritten card, 1 handwritten petition to Abraham Lincoln recommending he appoint Frank Hildreth as a Midshipman in the Navy, dated February 27, 1865, and signed by numerous Nevada politicians, and 1 handwritten fictional story (10 pages, undated) titled, "Remarkable stories of two doctors." Most of the materials were the property of Cyril Hawkins. Eleven of the letters are from Cyril to his father, William Hawkins of McConnelsville, Ohio. Five of the letters are from Cyril's brother, Austin Hawkins, also addressed to their father. The fictional account of two doctors discussing their most unusual cases includes a story about an experimental brain operation that involves the transfer of brain tissue between a "mulatto slave" boy and girl to change their sex. The operation results in the boy becoming completely female, marrying, and having five children. The girl is unaffected by the operation and remains female. Includes a typescript summary of the contents with biographical information and excerpts.


1849 (issued)


n-us-ca -- n-us-or -- n-us-mo -- n-usp--
Hawkins, Cyril -- 1832-1902 -- Archives
Hawkins, Cyril -- 1832-1902 -- Correspondence
Hawkins, Cyril -- 1832-1902 -- Diaries
Hawkins, Austin -- 1825-1908 -- Correspondence
Hawkins, William -- 1796-1868 -- Correspondence
Gold miners -- California
Gold mines and mining -- California
Overland journeys to the Pacific -- Personal narratives
Sex change -- Fiction
California -- Gold discoveries
California -- Description and travel
Oregon -- Description and travel
Missouri -- Description and travel
West (U.S.) -- Description and travel


Cyril Hawkins papers, approximately 1849-1900, BANC MSS 2016/193, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Purchase from Ken Harrison Western Americana; 2014.
One pamphlet has been transferred to the Print Collections of The Bancroft Library.
Cyril Hawkins (May 6, 1832-June 21, 1902) was born in McConnelsville, Ohio. He was the younger son of Colonel William Hawkins (1796-1868), a Democratic politician from Ohio who served in the Ohio state senate. Cyril traveled to California in 1851 and worked as a gold miner, sign painter, grocery clerk and civil servant, including as a clerk for the California Secretary of State. Hawkins returned to Ohio via Panama in March, 1865 and died in McConnelsville in 1902. In California, he followed his father's footsteps into politics, working his way up the ranks in the new Republican Party, eventually serving in the first state legislature of Nevada, as a clerk in the U.S. House of Representatives, a customs agent in Niagara Falls, and as a presidential elector from Ohio in 1896.
Austin Hawkins (September 21, 1825-March 4,1908) was a California '49er and in the late 1860s served as the County Clerk for Siskiyou County, California. He is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Yreka, California.
In English.


Overland journals.
Manuscripts for publication.

Physical Description:

0.4 (1




BANC MSS 2016/193 box 1
BANC MSS 2016/193