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Register of the Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Title: Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart papers
    Date (inclusive): 1895-2003
    Collection Number: 85039
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 11 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize box, 1 oversize folder (5.2 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, diaries, notes, memoranda, photographs, and memorabilia relating to miscellaneous aspects of Anglo-Soviet relations during the Russian Revolution, British espionage in the Soviet Union during the Russian Revolution, miscellaneous aspects of British government activities during World War II (including Anglo-Czechoslovak relations), and personal affairs. Includes many letters by Baroness Moura Budberg, some letters by British espionage agent Sidney Reilly, and some material about him collected by Lockhart's son, Robin Bruce Lockhart.
    General Physical Description note:
    Creator: Lockhart, Robert Hamilton Bruce, Sir, 1887-1970


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. Use copies of some digital files in this collection are available for immediate access. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos, films, or other digital files during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1985.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1887 September 2 Born, Anstruther, Scotland
    1912-1915 Vice-Consul, British Foreign Service, Moscow
    1915-1917 Acting Consul-General, British Foreign service, Moscow
    1918 January Head of Special Mission to the Soviet Government
    1918 Sept.-Oct. Arrested by the Bolsheviks; released and exchanged for Maxim Litvinov
    1919-1922 Commercial Secretary to British Legation, Prague, Czechoslovakia
    1922-1928 Worked in banking in Central Europe
    1929-1937 Member, Editorial Staff, Evening Standard (London)
    1932 Author, Memoirs of a British Agent
    1934 Author, Retreat from Glory
    1936 Author, Return to Malaya
    1937 Author, My Scottish Youth
    1938 Author, Guns or Butter?
    1939-1940 Director-General, Political Intelligence Department, British Foreign Office
    1940-1941 British Representative with Provisional Czechoslovak government in London
    1941-1945 Deputy Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, British Foreign Office and Director-General of Political Warfare Executive
    1943 Knighted, Order of St. Michael and St. George
    1947 Author, Comes the Reckoning
    1948 Author, My Rod My Comfort
    1950 Author, The Marines Were There
    1951 Author, <title render="italic">Ján Masaryk</title>
      Author, Scotch
    1952 Author, My Europe
    1955 Author, Your England
    1957 Author, <title render="italic">The Two Revolutions</title>
      <title render="italic">Friends, Foes and Foreigners</title>
    1960 Author, Giants Cast Long Shadows
    1970 February 27 Died, Hove, England

    Scope and Content Note

    The Robert Bruce Hamilton Lockhart papers consist of correspondence, diaries, memoranda, notes, speeches and writings, photographs, and memorabilia relating to miscellaneous aspects of Anglo-Soviet relations during the Russian Revolution, British espionage in the Soviet Union during the Russian Revolution, miscellaneous aspects of British government activities during World War II (including Anglo-Czechoslovak relations), and personal affairs. Also included is some material about Lockhart collected by his son, Robin Bruce Lockhart.
    The Biographical file includes material on Lockhart's role in the counter-revolutionary "Lockhart Plot" against the Soviet Union. This scheme to overthrow the Bolshevik government, with help from Sidney Reilly, resulted in Lockhart's arrest and subsequent sentencing to death on charges of espionage and sabotage. The Subject file contains information relating to the Chester Concession, which was a grant awarded by the Turkish National Assembly in 1923 April to the Ottoman-American Development Company giving it the right to develop Turkish natural resources, and a report on the role of the Polish government in Boris Savinkov's conspiracy against the Soviet Union.
    The Sidney Reilly file contains material collected by Lockhart about this British espionage agent. It includes letters to and from Reilly, as well as a 1968 article about the search for Reilly. A related item in the Correspondence is a 1932 letter from Baroness Moura Budberg indicating that Reilly might still be alive.
    The Great Britain Foreign Office documents series consists of dispatches relating to the situation in Czechoslovakia in 1946-1948. The bulk is from the British Embassy in Prague to the Foreign Office in London, but some from British Embassies elsewhere in Europe and the Soviet Union are included. Security-classified documents have been removed from this series, as required by law, until they can be declassified by government officials.
    The Incremental materials series is arranged following the arrangement of the rest of the collection. These materials include the papers of Robin N. Bruce Lockhart, son of Robert H. Bruce Lockhart, who wrote a book about Sidney Reilly titled Ace of Spies.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Budberg, Moura.
    Great Britain. Foreign Office.
    Lockhart, Robin Bruce.
    Reilly, Sidney George, 1874-1925.
    Espionage, British--Soviet Union.
    Great Britain--Foreign relations--Soviet Union.
    Great Britain.
    Russia (Federation)
    Secret service--Great Britain.
    Soviet Union--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Soviet Union.
    World War, 1939-1945--Czechoslovakia.
    World War, 1939-1945--Great Britain.
    World War, 1939-1945.