Finding Aid to the James William Denver Papers, 1832-1925 (bulk 1832-1892)

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The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
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© 2006
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the James William Denver Papers, 1832-1925 (bulk 1832-1892)

Collection number: BANC MSS 92/759 c

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
David Kessler; additions by Alison E. Bridger
Date Completed:
September 1993; additions December 2006
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 2006 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: James William Denver Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1832-1925
Date (bulk): (bulk 1832-1892)
Collection Number: BANC MSS 92/759 c
Creator: Denver, James William, 1817-1892
Extent: Number of containers: 7 boxes, 2 oversize folders Linear feet: 2.7
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Abstract: Consists of personal, political, business and family correspondence of James William Denver and his family. Topics reflect the political focus of Denver and his family, with speculation about political success, discussion of the nuts and bolts of politicking, and the ethical foundations of Denver's democratic beliefs. Correspondents include William McKendree Gwin, Thomas A. Hendricks, and members of the Democratic Party and other California, Ohio, and national political figures. Topics reflecting his Washington DC based legal practice are claims against the government such as Civil War claims, tax litigation, especially the cotton tax, and other cases from around the United States. Denver's ongoing involvement with Mexican War veterans and the military in general is reflected in other letters. Family correspondence reflects current affairs, as well as conveying regular news from home and includes letters from Denver's siblings, between him and his wife Louise and their children.
Languages Represented: English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: 
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James William Denver Papers, BANC MSS 92/759 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Related Collections

  • Title: J. Ross Browne Letters,
    Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 678
  • Title: James William Denver Papers and Diary, Kansas Collection, RH MS 19, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries.
  • Title: James William Denver Papers, WH85, Western History Collection, The Denver Public Library.

Separated Material

  • Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.
  • Photographs have been transferred to Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library. (BANC PIC 1992.062--PIC)

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Denver, James William, 1817-1892--Archives
Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885--Correspondence
Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrews), 1819-1885--Correspondence
Denver, Louise Rombach--Correspondence
Denver family
Democratic Party (U.S.)
Politicians--United States
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Taxation--Law and legislation--United States
Cotton--Taxation--United States
Lawyers--Washington (D.C.)
United States--Politics and government--19th century
California--Politics and government--1850-1950
Ohio--Politics and government--1865-1950
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Claims

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The James William Denver Papers were purchased by The Bancroft Library from L & T Respess Books, on March 25, 1992. Additions were also purchased or donated at various times including papers given as part of the T.W. Norris Collection; a gift of the Friends of the Bancroft Library in 1968; a purchase from Early American History Auction in 2004.


No additions are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by David Kessler in 1993. Additions processed by Alison E. Bridger in 2006.


General James William Denver, born in Virginia in 1817, was an important figure in Democratic Party and national politics throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, until his death in 1892. After his family moved to Ohio in 1830, Denver adopted the series of professions available to young men on the frontier--he taught school in Missouri, and then moved back to Ohio to finish his education at Cincinnati College, where he took a law degree and joined the Bar. While practicing law in Xenia, Ohio in the early 1840s, he bought and edited a newspaper. When the Mexican War broke out, Denver joined the army and served as a captain in the Twelfth Regiment, United States Infantry. He immigrated to California in 1850, where he rose to prominence in politics, serving as State Senator from Trinity and Klamath Counties from 1851-1853, and as Secretary of State from 1853-1855. In August 1852, he killed Edward Gilbert, newspaper editor, in a duel which was the result of a political quarrel. Denver became U.S. Congressman from northern California in 1855, and served one term, through March 3, 1857.
Despite Denver's extensive travels, he courted and, in 1856 married Louise Rombach, a local girl from a prominent family near his home in Clinton County, Ohio. Denver's legal residence and political ambitions would remain focused in Ohio for the rest of his life.
After his term in Congress expired, Denver accepted federal appointments as Commissioner of Indian Affairs on April 17, 1857; then, as Governor of the Kansas Territory in June of that year; and finally, as Commissioner of Indian Affairs again from November 8, 1858 through March 31, 1859. He was commissioned Brigadier General in the Union Army on August 14, 1861, and served in the west during the Civil War until his resignation on March 5, 1863, when he left the army to practice law in Washington, D.C. That would remain his principle occupation for the balance of his life.
Denver was twice mentioned as a possible Democratic candidate for the presidency (1876 and 1884), and ran, in 1870 and 1886, unsuccessfully for Congress from his readopted home state of Ohio. During his service as Governor of the Kansas Territory, the city of Denver, Colorado was named for him after he "provided the machinery for the civil organization of Arapahoe County, at the time when the town site was laid out" [DAB]..
[ Biographical Dictionary of the American Congress, 1774-1961]

Scope and Content

The James William Denver Papers consists of personal, political, business and family correspondence of James William Denver and his family. Topics reflect the political focus of Denver and his family, with speculation about political success, discussion of the nuts and bolts of politicking, and the ethical foundations of Denver's democratic beliefs. Correspondents include William McKendree Gwin, Thomas A. Hendricks, and members of the Democratic Party and other California, Ohio, and national political figures. Topics reflecting his Washington DC based legal practice are claims against the government such as Civil War claims, tax litigation, especially the cotton tax, and other cases from around the United States. Denver's ongoing involvement with Mexican War veterans and the military in general is reflected in other letters. Family correspondence reflects current affairs, as well as conveying regular news from home and includes letters from Denver's siblings, between him and his wife Louise and their children.
The letters Denver received from friends, political and business associates, clients, and office-seekers, confirm a sense of him as a man who won and kept the friendship and respect of others. Numerous California correspondents, most prominently William McKendree Gwin and Thomas A. Hendricks, remained in close touch with Denver long after he ceased to participate directly in California politics. Others relied on Denver for advice, influence, and funds; the letters from Mike Delaney and Philip Pendleton reveal Denver's kindness and generosity. Personal friendship, political alliance, and family connections profoundly influenced the conduct of the nation's business, and the letters reveal numerous examples of political insiders plotting the passage of legislation or evaluating the likely success of an electoral bid, and place seekers and unhappy citizens pleading their special cases before Denver in their letters.
Naturally, a man with connections so close to the powers of the Democratic Party attracted legal cases where government influence would be of special use. Denver's cases as discerned through these letters often involved claims against the government, especially claims arising out of Civil War confiscations and services rendered to the Union. Tax litigation, most prominently concerning the cotton tax, was also a specialty of the various Denver legal partnerships. His correspondence reflects the presence of clients and political cronies from all sections of the nation. Denver's interest in investing in new industrial inventions and his receptivity toward speculative mining ventures also are revealed in his business correspondence.
Denver's geographically wide-ranging political career enabled him to establish friendships and construct political alliances in many parts of the country and enhanced his stature as a viable presidential candidate. The correspondence bearing upon Denver's unsuccessful races for the House of Representatives in 1870 and 1886, as well as his two failed bids for the Democratic Presidential nomination, in 1876 and 1884, reveal much of the mechanics and techniques of political organizing and campaigning in the late nineteenth century. Decisions about candidacy, details of how delegates were wooed, professions of support from local party functionaries, and worried letters penned in haste from political conventions are supplemented by printing bills for political propaganda, pamphlets designed to persuade voters, and adulatory articles from the partisan Democratic press. On a detailed level, there is much of interest to political historians of California, Ohio, and the United States as a whole.
As a veteran of both the Mexican and Civil Wars, "General Denver" remained very attached to his military past. He served as an officer in the Ohio National Guard for many years and his son Will, Jr. followed him into this organization. The collection also documents the efforts of the Veterans of the Mexican War to secure adequate pensions, evidenced both in the correspondence with Alexander M. Kenaday, and among the documents in Series 3.
The Denver family correspondence opens a window on a different aspect of nineteenth century life. The intense bonds that linked the nuclear and extended families of James William and Louise Rombach Denver reveal themselves in these letters. Communication among family members was valued highly and every effort was made to keep Denver abreast of the tiniest details of family life and village gossip while he was working in Washington, D.C. From their earliest years, the Denver children were both expected and eager to remain in regular correspondence with their absent father. Denver evinces a genuine desire to return home to Ohio from his work in the nation's capital and is obviously unhappy when the flow of letters from home is slow.
Denver relied on his family, especially his own siblings, for advice and aid in politics and business. Most notably, he depended on his brother, Arthur, in Washington D.C., to take care of business and keep him abreast of political news when Denver was home with the family in Wilmington or off on business in New York, Philadelphia or elsewhere. Concerns about appointments, lobbying for the passage of legislation, and jockeying for elective office, as well as the nitty-gritty of legal cases, form the focus of Arthur St. Clair Denver's letters to his brother. In this political family, family correspondence often includes observations on public life. Notable as well is 20 year old daughter Kate Denver William's vivid eyewitness account (in a letter to her mother) of Republican James Garfield's inauguration festivities on March 5, 1881.
The family correspondence also discloses Denver's warmth, his concern for his family, and a whimsical and philosophical side, including a fondness for composing verse for his wife and children. Denver's letters to his children show his effort to communicate to them his political ideals and belief in high moral purpose. His wife, Louise Rombach Denver, reveals herself as an astute observer and thoughtful writer. Her correspondence casts light upon the social relations in a small Midwestern city, especially the perspectives of and relations among women of the day.

Container List

Boxes 1-3

Series 1:  Correspondence of James William Denver, 1846-1892.

Scope and Content Note


Arranged chronologically, and then alphabetically
Divided into 3 sub-series: Incoming, Outgoing, and Letters neither to nor from James William Denver. Letters from an individual writing more than one letter in any year have been chronologically arranged within that year.
Contains letters from Denver's personal friends and political and business associates including U.S. Senators P.B. Plumb, Joseph Blackburn, and Henry Wilson; U.S. Representatives Samuel Caruthers, R.P.C. Wilson, Willard Hall, and A.B. Greenwood; Secretaries of the Treasury James Guthrie and John Sherman; Secretary of the Interior Robert McClelland; and, Governor George Hoadley of Ohio. Correspondents listed may also be represented in folders for years without lists of correspondents.

Subseries 1.1:  Incoming Letters, 1849-1892

Box 7, folder 1


Box 1, folder 1



Bradford, A. A., 1815- 1849


Marshall, F. 1849


[Wages, S. R. ?] 1849


Wilkinson, C. 1849


Woodward, E. 1849


Hall, Willard Preble, 1820-1882 1850


Gray, Robert [?] 1852


Guthrie, James 1853


Robinson, John R. 1853


Smith, Charles W. 1853


Caffroth, James W. 1854


[Dunlap, P. ?] 1854


Stewart, William Morris 1854


Strout, E. 1854

Box 1, folder 2



Brown, Ezekiel


Estill, J. M.


Giles, Wm. P.


Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885


Henley, Thomas J[efferson, 1810-1865]


Hewes, Thomas H.


McDougal, D.


Pomeroy, T. S.


Rust, P. C. [Sen.?]


Smith, Jack R.

Box 7, folder 2-3


Box 1, folder 3



Alemany, Joseph Sadoc, 1814-1885


Benham, Calhoun


Burgess, N. G.


[Caherten, Jno. ?]


Caruthers, Sam




[Danelou, W. B. ?]


Delaney, Mike


Dougherty, M. C.


Estill, J. M.


Guthrie, James


Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885


Haley, Robert


Heintzelman, H. T.


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1885


Henley, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson)


Heustis, A. J.


Jones, James C.

Box 1, folder 4



King, Horatio 1811-1897


Lord, I. A.


McAllister, Matthew Hall, 1800-1865


McClelland, Robert


Macgill, [Chas. ?]


Martin, Julia


Meredith, Henry


Metcalf, William


Mouson & Valentine


Patterson, J. A.


Smith, Algernon


Smith, Charles L.


Smith, Richard


[Stark, William ?]


Sutton, O. P. (Owen Paul), b. 1829


Walton, J.


Warner, J. J. (Juan Jose), 1807-1895


Whittlesey, Elisha


Williams, R. M.


Wilson, Jo[seph] S.



Box 7, folder 4-5


Box 1, folder 5



Argenté, Felix


Bradford, A. C.


Browne, J. Ross (John Ross), 1821-1875


Burgess, H. G.


Burr, T. S.


Burton, J. B.?


[Calluse ?], J. F.


Della Torre, Peter


[Dodget ?], W. Clark


Estill, J. M.


Faulkner, John


Henley, Thomas J (Thomas Jefferson), 1810-1865


Hillard, Benj. F.


Hughes, James M.


[Isacks, A. J. ?]

Box 1, folder 6



Jones, [T. M.?]


Kibbe, William C.


Long, J. [D.?]


McAllister, Matthew Hall, 1800-1865


McDaniel, [Maj.] Wm.


McFarland & Downey


Mackinly, R. B.?


Metlar, George W.


Phelan, A. J. F.


Reading, Pierson Barton [1816-1868]


Riggs & Co.


Steams, Charles


Stevenson, E. A.


[Strohm ?], Isaac


Thompson, Isaac W.


[Towner, Noble ?]


Vaughn, Jo. P.


Vaughn, Singleton, Jr.


Voorhais, D. W.


Watson, J. A.


Young, Samuel

Box 7, folder 6


Box 1, folder 7



Banta, John


Bradford, A. C.


Burnett, Ward B.


Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866


Chubb Brothers


Delaney, Mike


Dickinson, D[aniel] S. (Daniel Stevens), 1800-1866


Drake, E. F.


Dungan, A. F.


Estill, J. M.


Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901


Gray, Thos.

Box 1, folder 8



Hatch, [I. F. ?]


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1885


Hoyle, James


Judson, [Col.] W. R.


Latt, William H.


Madeira, [Col.] George


[Milton, John]


[Mourne, J. A.]


Pfeiffer, P. & Co.


Ross, W.G.


Simpton, George


Smoot, Luther R.


Squire, S. P.


Stevens, R. S.


Thompson, [Isaac ?]


Waters, B. F.


Webster, William [Capt.]


Welsh, C.


Whelan, George J.

Box 7, folder 7


Box 1, folder 9



Burton, J.B. 1859


Bryarly, Wakeman, 1820-1869 1859


[de la Reintig, H. R.?]


Gordon, Jo.


Greenwood, A. B. [Hon.]


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew, 1819-1885)


Slocomb, R. W.


Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Leet, S. F. 1860


McCarthy, [?]


Ryland, C. T. (Caius Tacitus), 1826-1897


Smith, Eliza S.

Box 1, folder 10



Briggs, R. M. 1861


Smith, Samuel B.


Delaney, Mike 1862


Heintzelman, H. T.


Leet, S. F.


Smith, Samuel B.


Walker, J. Knox


Coverdale, R. 1863

Box 7, folder 8


Box 1, folder 11



Buchanan, James, 1791-1868


Cowles, Edward P.


Delaney, Mike


Fall, Jno. C


Hughes, James H.


Porter, R. H.


Webster, William [Capt.]


White, John


Williams, Jno. [S?]


Williams, S. W.

Box 1, folder 12



Anderson, D. D.


Anderson, S.


Chandler, William E.


Forman, Ferris, 1811-1901


Garrison, William P.


[McFallen, James P.?]


Norris, Sam[uel, 1822-1910]


Perry, W. B.


Pettus & Co.


Prince, W. C.


Rider, L. L.


Telfair, W. B.


Webster, William [Capt.]


Welty, D. W.


Winslow, O?



Box 1, folder 13



Anderson, S.


Barnitz, David G.


Bills, Henry A.


Delaney, Mike


Fant, H. G.


Ferguson, John, 1806-1868


Harris, R.


Hughes, James


[Lack, Benj.?]


Middleton, [?.]


Norris, Sam[uel, 1822-1910]


Roane, A.


Webster, William [Capt.]

Box 1, folder 14



Alexander, W. F.


Barlow, Samuel L. M. (Latham Mitchell), 1826-1889


Bouton, Edward, 1834-


Boyle, William


Bradford, A. C.


Bristol, J. D.


Brodhead, Francis D.


Brodhead, H.


Brown, Isabella


Cassedy, E.


Coles, J. S.


Coverdale, R. J.


Daingerfield, W. P., (William P.), b. 1824


Delaney, Mike

Box 1, folder 15



Ferguson, John, 1806-1868


Henshall, Thos.


Kelley, H.


Leet, S. F.


Murray, John P.


Peck, Charles F.


Quin, James F.


Roane, A.


Webster, William [Capt.]



Box 1, folder 16



Boyle, Wm.


Brown, Henry


Buchanan, John


Elzey, Ellen


Grayson, E. B.


Hughes, James


[McCubbin ?], J. L.


Norris, Ira


Pattice, F.?


Quinn, M. V.


Savage, John S.


Shields, J. W.


Webster, William [Capt.]

Box 7, folder 9


Box 1, folder 17



Brinley, George W.


Cowen, Dale O.


DeBruin, E. M.


Devon, David G.


Dowdney, S. F.


Downer, A. L.


Draper, Robert E.


Ely, J. F.


Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1896


Flanagan, T. A.[?]

Box 1, folder 18



Gould, Edmund L.


Gould, W. C.


Gray, L. M.


[Jennings, G. F.]


Joice, E. D.


Kerr, H. V.


Lilley, Wm.


Lloyd, R.


Logan, H. C.


McFerran, J. G.


Morton, J[ulius] Sterling, [1832-1902]

Box 1, folder 19



Peck, Charles F.


Pendleton, George H[unt 1825-1889]


Pike, George A.


Powell, Thomas


Ripley, George, [1808-1880]


Sands, J. B.


Savage, John S.


Smith, Samuel B.


[Stark, Wm. W. ?]


Stevenson, S. H.


Sykes, James


Valentine, E. K.


Wilkerson, M.


Wilson, Jos[eph] S.


[Whiteside ?]

Box 2, folder 1



Anderson, D. D.


Barnitz, David G.


Campbell, John R.


Daingerfield, W. P. (William P.), 1826-1889


Johnson, C. S.


Miswander, Lizzie H.


Morris, J. M.


Quin, James F.


Roane, A.


Thurman, Allen Granberry, 1813-1895


Warner, J. W.


Wozencraft, Oliver M. [circa 1815-1887]

Box 2, folder 2



Anderson, D. D.


Arnold, Reuben


Barlow, Samuel L. M. (Latham Mitchell), 1826-1889


Blackburne, O. P.


Buncroft, Elwin


Burwell, A.


Childs, J. J.


Coverdale, R. J.


Haskell, [T.?] E.


Newham, J. S. C.


Quin, [Mrs.] U. V.


Savage, L. E.


Schlay, Jno.


Smith, Samuel B.


Thatcher, Thomas


Wilson, E. W.


Witkowski, Julius

Box 2, folder 3



Barnitz, David G.


Betts, Madison


Burwell, A.


Crosby, Henry R.


Dent, Lewis


Draper, Robert E.


Drummond, Willis


Glascock, Joseph


Huntington, [Judge] T. H.


Johnson, J. Edward


Nelson, T. A.


Newham, J. S. C.


Peck, Charles F.


Scott, Charles S.


Smith, Samuel B.


Templeton, W.


Thornton, R. S.


White, Carr B.


Witherspoon, Jas. S.


Witkowski, Julius

Box 2, folder 4



Barnitz, David G.


Cartwright, J. N.


[Converse, A. B.?]


Delaney, Mike


[Horkell, Sarah E.?]


Hosmer, A. A.


Long, H. W. [Judge]


[Moulton, D. S.?]


Sawyer, E. M.


Steward, J. B.


Strother, Wade D.


Templeton, W.


Tucker, Beverley


Wickersham, Mary [G?]


Winston, [G?]



Box 2, folder 5



Arnold, Reuben


Ivory, William W.


King, James L.


Witkowski, Julius


Wilson, [J. G.?]


Wolfe, A. J., [M.D.]

Box 2, folder 6



Chiles, John


[Claughlon, H. O.?]


Delaney, Mike


Gould, W. C.


Gwin, William Mckendree, 1805-1885


Hardee, John L.


Lyon, C. D.


[McCook, G. W.]


Manfred, Edward [W.?]


Porter, N. D.


Smith, Samuel B.


[Stim, Isaac F.?]

Box 2, folder 7



Adams, F. G.


Burford, H. Marshall


Burwell, A.


Byrne, Edward


Chiles, John


Clevenger, Peter


Delaney, Mike


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrews), 1819-1885


Howe, David J.


Manfred, Edward [W.?]


Massey, Thomas E. [Dr.]


Murphy, Charles


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Sherman, John, 1823-1900

Box 2, folder 8



Clark, Francis D.


Fiedler, Helen M.


Ford, Stephen Speed


Hartley, J. W. [Capt.]


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1885


Henriques, Joseph


Kendrick, Sam


[London, D. W. G ?]


McLean, William Francis


Murphy, Charles


Payne, James H.


Wynkoop, [E. W.] [Edward Wanshear, b. 1836]

Box 2, folder 9



Burr, A. B.


Craig, W.


Gould, John R.


Howe, David J.


Kenaday, Alexander M. (Alexander McConnell)


Kirk, [Capt.]


Murphy, Charles


O'Donoghue, J. B.


Payson, Chas.


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Sidwell, N. H. [Dr.]


Walling & Curtain

Box 7, folder 10


Box 2, folder 10



Chiles, John


Clarke, Jno. A.


Davis, John B. C.


Guth, Fr.


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1885


Howe, David J.


Kenaday, Alexander M. (Alexander McConnell)


Kendrick, Sam


McKinney, J. F.


Murphy, Charles


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss


Reading, R. G.


Sewell, C. S.


Smith, Samuel B.


Thompson, John G.

Box 2, folder 11



Coate, John B.


Howe, David J.


Johnson, O. B.


Merrill, Katherine


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Pike, Luther H.


Sloane, Ulric


Smith, Samuel B.


Thompson, Chas. D.


Williams, L. H.

Box 2, folder 12



Conklin, H. C.


Deuel, Lizzie S.


Jones, J. R.


King, H. I.


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss


Peck, Charles F.


Perry, Charles A.


Walker, Duncan S.


Webster, William [Capt.]


Wingate, George Wood


Worthington, A. S.



Box 2, folder 13



Crihfield, A. R.


Hoover, William H.


Nesbit, Josephine


Nutt, Julia A.


Nutt, Sargeant Prentiss


Patterson, John H.


Perry, Charles A.


Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891


Sloane, Ulric


Weisenreder, E.


Wheeler, Charles Aukney Henry


Wilshire, W. W.


Yeoman, S. M.

Box 2, folder 14



Baldwin, J. B.


Barclay, M.


Bargar, Gilbert H.


Boyd, Jno. R.


Butler, John M.


Coate, J. B.


Ferrell, C. B.


Guth, Fr.


Holladay, Joseph


Howarth, [Jas?]


Kramer, Joseph


Madison, Laura


Mattoe, A. H.


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss

Box 2, folder 15



Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Perlman, L. S.


Proctor, Tom M.


Robertson, A. J.


Shields, J. W.


Showers, H. S.


Smith, Orland


Spore, James


Thompson, John G.


[Treat, Nath'l. ?]


Weller, Everhard

Box 2, folder 16



Adams, F. G.


Babbs, F. H.


Barrow, George E.


Brinkley, Hu. L.


Cartwright, I. F.


Cassin, John H.


Crossin, Wm.


Cuppy, F. P.


Daingerfield, Eliza R.


De Akers, Robert L.


Delaney, Mike


Dodd, John W.


Edwards, Moses


Guth, Fr.


Hoadley, George, 1826-1902


Hohendorf, B.


Hoyle, James


Hughes, W. A.

Box 2, folder 17



Kenaday, Alexander M. (Alexander McConnell)


Leal, Joseph


Miller, James [b. circa1807]


Morris, M. F.


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss


Peale, Truman P.


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Prince, W. E.


Proctor, Mary V.


Rainey, G. F.


[St. Mix, French ?]


Sheeley, Jas. C.


Shields, J. W.


Smith, J. J.


[Strickler, John M. ?]


Taylor, James


Townsley, James E.


Walker, J. W.


Wysong, Esla

Box 2, folder 18



Belgar, James [Col.]


Blackburn, Jo[seph] C. S.


[Chanchlor, Edward ?]


Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton, 1825-1898


Fleming, Samuel


Follett, John F.


Grady, C. Powell


Guth, Fr.


Hall, James C.


Harper, Frank


Higgins, Thos. W.


Hinton, Frank P.


Howe, Henry, 1816-1893


King, C. A.

Box 2, folder 19



Leete, Ralph


Livingston, J. H.


[Medary S. A.?]


Mitchell, John F.


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Reedy, George W.


Robinson, C. W.


Safford, W[illiam] H[arrison], 1821-1903


Walker, Calvin B.


Zachry, James Greer


Ziegler, F. J.


Ziegler, G. W.

Box 2, folder 20



Bradford, J. L.


Crawford, George Addison, 1827-1891


Delaney, Mike


Driskill, Joseph


Goodrich, R. C.


Jenkins, J. [F.?]


Maynard, J. C.


Mitchell, Thomas


Neal, Julia E. [Linn]


Nutt, S[argeant] Prentiss


Walker, Calvin B.


Zachry, James Greer [Lamar & Zachry]

Box 2, folder 21



Delaney, Mike


Strong, R. P.


Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906

Box 2, folder 22



Chastain, J. B.


Delaney, Mike


Gray, James D.


Hamlin, E. W.


Harvey, Eli


Leete, Ralph

Box 3, folder 1



McDonald, W. H.


Mitchell, John T.


Pearson, Aven


Pendleton, Mason C.


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Powell, W. L.


Troth, Isma


Watson, John

Box 7, folder 11


Box 3, folder 2



[Adee, Alvey A. ?]


Adler, Jacob


Delaney, Mike


Haines, William C.


Hawkins, Morton [C.?]


Leete, Ralph


McGill, J. Nota


McPike, Henry C. (Henry Clay), b. 1857


Mitchell, John T.


Morgan, George W.


Neal, Juana A.


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


[Wallace, Charles M.?]

Box 3, folder 3



Case, Lyman W.


Delaney, Mike


Glascock, Henry C.


Gordon, Charles E.


Gray, James D.


Haines, William C.


Hummel, J. S.


Hunt, Samuel F.


Kenaday, Alexander M. (Alexander McConnell)


King, Oscar


Leete, Ralph


McNally, Jno. J.


Martin, William T.

Box 3, folder 4

Mitchell, John T. 1891

Box 3, folder 5



Pendleton, Edmund, [1845-1910]


Pendleton, Philip, [Maj.]


Powell, W. L.


Roach, Thomas N.


Sayres, L. D.


Singleton, [Jas. W.?]


Stevens, A. C.


Thornton, R. S.


Warner, A. J.


Williams, W. Mosby


Wilson, R. P. C.


Zachry, James Greer

Box 3, folder 6



Clement, C.


Delaney, Mike


Earle, Wm. E.


Haines, William C.


Hall, Frank, 1836-1917


Hummel, J. S.


Leete, Ralph


McDonald, Be? F.


Medary, S. A.


[Messec, I. G.?]


Miller, William H. H.


Pendleton, Philip [Maj.]


Perry, B.


Perry, Charles A.


Pond, Riley


[Prince, Theo. ?]


Singleton, James J.


Tucker, John Randolph, 1823-1897


Wilcox, Mary R[achel]

Box 3, folder 7



Delaney, Mike


Democratic Club of Clarksville 1893?


Gray, W. H.


Highland, Edward [D.?] 1884?


Morrison, M.


Mowry, Sylvester, [1830-1871] 1867?


Rogers, Mrs. Leona [A. E.?] 1890-92?



Box 7, folder 12



Subseries 1.2:  Outgoing Letters, 1846-1892

Box 3, folder 8



Foos, G. 1846


Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866 1849


Citizens of Wilmingon, Ohio 1855


Lander, Frederick W. (Frederick West), 1821-1862 1862


Axtell, Samuel Beach, 1819-1891 1869


Savage, John S. 1870


Pike, George A. 1870


Routhe, E. A. 1870


Anderson, T. C. [Col.] 1873


Vilas, William Freeman, 1840-1908 1885


Choller, M. H. [Maj.] 1888


Harter, M[ichael] D[aniel], 1846-18?? 1891


Hartley, A. 1889


Campbell, Jas. C. 1891


McGrotty, Edwin B. 1892

Box 7, folder 13

Cisco, John J. 1870

Box 7, folder 13

Mason, O.T. 1870


Subseries 1.3:  Letters neither to nor from James William Denver, 1856-1884

Box 3, folder 9



[Strickle, A. E?] to Mr. Ambury 1856


Whipple, S. G to Thomas J[efferson] Henley, 1810-1865 1857


Pickett, Charles Edward, 1820-1882 to [Judge] G. W. Baker 1857


Hoburg, W. H. to Wm. M. Irvin 1857


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1865 to D. E. Sickles 1858


[Griffering, Fred?] to Mike Delaney 1860


Delaney, Mike to P. Warren Van Winkle, 1825-1914 1860


Mix, Charles S. to E. B. French 1862

Box 3, folder 10



Baird, J. W. to William H. B. Meyers, b. 1815 1866


Barlow, Samuel L. M. (Latham Mitchell), 1826-1889 to James Hughes 1866


Magruder, A. B. to James Hughes 1868


Spencer, Geo. W. to James Hughes 1868


Savage, John S. to W. C. Gould 1870


Shepherd, Henry A. to W. B. Telfair 1870


Nelson, T. A. to Samuel B. Smith 1871


Roney, W. H. to [Judge] Samuel A. Gilbert 1873


Stewart, George W. to Mike Delaney 1874


Johnson, Laura to S[argeant] Prentiss Nutt [1876]


Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrew), 1819-1865 to R. W. Johnson 1877


[Converse, A. B.?] to Alexander M. (Alexander McConnell) Kenaday 1880?


Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885 to Mike Delaney 1884

Box 3, folder 11

Letters to S[argeant] Prentiss Nutt 1884

Box 7, folder 14

Relating to case involving confiscation of confederate property 1865

Boxes 4-5

Series 2:  Denver Family Correspondence, 1841-1925.

Scope and Content Note


Arranged by relationship to James William Denver, and then chronologically.
Divided into 3 sub-series: Incoming, Outgoing, and Miscellaneous Family correspondence. Miscellaneous family correspondence is divided into letters among family members and between family members and non-family.
Contains letters between Denver and his wife; those Denver received from his brother, Arthur St. Claire Denver; Denver's letter to his son, James William Denver, Jr., concerning the party structure in the United States government; and, daughter Katherine Denver Williams' letter describing the 1881 inauguration of James Garfield.

Subseries 2.1:  Incoming Letters, 1841-1892

Box 4, folder 1-17

Denver, Louise Rombach 1856-1883

Box 4, folder 18-19

Williams, Kate Denver Williams 1869-1880, 1882-1892

Box 4, folder 20

Denver, James William Jr. 1880-1882

Box 4, folder 21

Lindley, Mary Louise Denver 1880-1882

Box 4, folder 22

Denver, Matthew 1878-1882

Box 4, folder 23-24

Denver, Arthur St. Clair 1864-1884

Box 4, folder 25

Denver, Frank 1856-1871

Box 4, folder 26

Denver, H. C. 1856-73

Box 4, folder 27

Rombach, Matthew 1857-1870

Box 4, folder 28

From sisters 1841-1882

Box 4, folder 29

From cousins 1858-1891

Box 4, folder 30

From nieces and nephews 1862-89

Box 4, folder 31

From miscellaneous relatives 1875-91


Subseries 2.2:  Outgoing Letters, 1856-1892

Box 5, folder 1-11

Denver, Louise Rombach 1856-1892

Box 5, folder 12

Williams, Kate Denver and Mary Louise Denver Lindley 1883-1892

Box 5, folder 13

Denver, James William Jr. 1880-1886


Subseries 2.3:  Miscellaneous Denver Family Correspondence, 1847-1925


2.3.1:  Among Family Members

Box 5, folder 14

Williams, Kate Denver to James William Denver, Jr. 1874-1881

Box 5, folder 15

Denver, James William Jr. to Kate Denver Williams 1885

Box 5, folder 16

Lindley, Mary Louise Denver to Matthew Denver 1880

Box 5, folder 17

Lindley, Mary Louise Denver to James William Denver, Jr. 1881

Box 5, folder 18-19

Williams, Kate Denver to Louise Rombach Denver 1874-1885

Box 5, folder 20

Denver, James William Jr. to Louise Rombach Denver 1880

Box 5, folder 21

Lindley, Mary Louise Denver to Louise Rombach Denver 1880-1885

Box 5, folder 22

Denver, Matthew to Louise Rombach Denver 1910

Box 5, folder 23

Denver children joint letters to Louise Rombach Denver 1880

Box 5, folder 24-25

Denver family letters to Louise Rombach Denver 1856-1909

Box 5, folder 26

Denver, Louise Rombach to miscellaneous family members 1859-1881

Box 5, folder 27

Miscellaneous Denver family letters 1847-1889


2.3.2:  Between Family Members and Non-family

Box 5, folder 28-29

to Louise Rombach Denver 1847-1909

Box 6, folder 1

to Kate Denver Williams 1878-1914

Box 6, folder 2

to James William Denver, Jr. 1881-1904

Box 6, folder 3

to Mary Louise Denver Lindley 1876-1894

Box 6, folder 4

to Matthew Denver 1880-1925

Box 6, folder 5

Denver, Louise Rombach to miscellaneous non-family 1877-1893

Box 6, oversize folders 1-2

Series 3:  Personal Papers, 1832-1908, undated

Scope and Content Note


Arranged hierarchically.
Includes poems and short essays by James William Denver; miscellaneous personal and family papers; miscellaneous legal documents, especially some concerned with Cotton Tax litigation; documents relating to meetings and viewpoints of the Mexican War Veterans Association; and newspaper clippings, including articles from Ohio newspapers bearing on Denver's political campaigns and numerous obituaries from newspapers around the country.
Box 6, folder 6-7

Poems by James William Denver circa 1866-1885

Box 6, folder 8

Outline on Reconstruction by James William Denver undated

Box 6, folder 9

History of Party System by James William Denver undated

Box 6, folder 10

The Wants of the South by James William Denver undated

Box 6, folder 11

Denver family documents 1832-circa 1890

Box 6, folder 12

Denver family miscellany circa 1860s-1890s

Box 6, folder 13

Financial miscellany 1845-1891

Oversize folder 1A

Financial miscellany undated

Box 6, folder 14

Mexican War pension 1856-1908

Box 6, folder 15

Hughes, Denver and Peck Law Firm 1866-1877

Box 6, folder 16-18

Legal documents 1832-1890

Box 6, folder 19

Checks 1866-1886

Box 6, folder 20

Cotton Tax Litigation circa 1867-1872

Oversize folder 1A

Cotton Tax Litigation undated

Box 6, folder 21

Receipts undated

Box 6, folder 22

Presidential campaign miscellany 1876-1884

Box 6, folder 23

Mexican War Veterans Association 1878-1892

Oversize folder 1A

Mexican War Veterans Association 1892

Oversize folder 2A

Mexican War Veterans Association 1892

Box 6, folder 24

Ohio National Guard 1880-1883

Box 6, folder 25

Clippings 1858-1925

Oversize folder 1A

Clippings 1886

Oversize folder 2A

Clippings 1858-1925

Box 6, folder 26

Miscellaneous papers undated

Box 6, folder 27

The Denver Papers catalog of John A. Fox sale 1968