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Wheeler (Raymond A.) papers
78062  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Raymond Albert Wheeler papers
    Date (inclusive): 1898-1977
    Collection Number: 78062
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 46 manuscript boxes, 6 oversize boxes, 2 oversize folders, 5 motion picture film reels, 6 sound tape reels, 26 envelopes, 2 album boxes (29.2 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, diaries, memoranda, maps, motion picture film, sound recordings, and photographs relating to military engineering; the Panama Canal; World War I; American military operations in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II; construction of the Stilwell Road; the surrender of Japanese forces in Singapore, 1945; clearance and widening of the Suez Canal, 1956-1957; development of the Lower Mekong River Basin; and engineering projects involving the World Bank.
    Creator: Wheeler, Raymond Albert, 1885-1974
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Access

    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.

    Use

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1978.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Raymond Albert Wheeler papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Biographical Note

    1885 July 31 Born, near Peoria, Illinois
    1911 B.S., United States Military Academy, West Point, New York
    1911-1912 Construction engineer, Isthmian Canal Commission, Canal Zone, Panama
    1912 Married Olive May Keithley, Peoria, Illinois
    1913 Graduated from Army School of Engineering, Washington, D.C.
    1917-1919 Commanded the Regiment in the Aisne-Marne, the St. Mihiel, and the Meuse Argonne offensives, and the March into Germany with the Army of Occupation
    1919 Served with the American Peace Commission in Italy
    1920-1921 Engineer Instructor, the Infantry School, Camp Benning, Georgia
    1922-1926 Assistant Engineer Commissioner, Washington, D.C.
    1926 Elected honorary member, American Institute of Architects
    1927 Graduated from Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
    1927-1930 Assistant Engineer of Maintenance, Panama Canal, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone
    1935-1936 Chief Regional Engineer, Work Projects Administration, Chicago, Illinois
    1936 United States Representative, International Navigation Congress, Brussels
    1937 Graduated from Army War College, Washington, D.C.
    1937-1940 Resident Member, Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, Washington, D.C.
    1940-1941 Engineer of Maintenance, the Panama Canal, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone
    1941 Assistant Chief of Staff, War Department, Washington, D.C.
    1941-1942 Member, United States military mission to Iran
    1942-1943 Commanding General, Services of Supply, United States Army Forces, China-Burma-India Theater
    1944 Principal Administrative Officer, Southeast Asia Command
    1944-1945 Deputy Supreme Allied Commander and Chief Administrative Officer, Southeast Asia Command
    1945 Commanding General, United States forces in India-Burma Theater
    1945-1949 Chief of Engineers, United States Army, Washington, D.C.
    1949 Retired from active service as Lieutenant General, Chief of Engineers, United States Army
    1949-1964 Engineering Adviser, World Bank
    1952-1960 Represented the World Bank in negotiations between India and Pakistan over the use of waters of the Indus River
    1956-1957 Head, United Nations Suez Canal Clearance Operations
    1957-1958 Chief, Mekong River Survey Mission, Asia
    1958-? Represented the World Bank in discussions with the Suez Canal Authority to study the prospects for the growth of, and to advise on the plans for improving, traffic in the Suez Canal
    1960-1963 Worked on behalf of the United Nations on the public works construction program and transport system in Congo
    1960-1969 Chairman, International Advisory Board for the Mekong Coordination Committee, representing, among others, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam
    1964-1971 Member, Columbia Board of Revenue, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Vancouver
    1974 February 8 Died, Washington, D.C.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, diaries, memoranda, maps, motion picture film, sound recordings, and photographs relating to military engineering; the Panama Canal; World War I; American military operations in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II; construction of the Stilwell Road; the surrender of Japanese forces in Singapore, 1945; clearance and widening of the Suez Canal, 1956-1957; development of the Lower Mekong River Basin; and engineering projects involving the World Bank.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Audiotapes
    Motion pictures
    Engineers
    Officers
    World War, 1939-1945 -- China
    World War, 1914-1918
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Engineering and construction
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Burma
    Panama Canal (Panama)
    Military engineering
    Mekong River Valley
    Stilwell Road
    Suez Canal (Egypt)
    United States. Army
    United States. Army. Corps of Engineers
    World Bank