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National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Collection, 1974 -1978
GTU 94-6-05  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Access Points
  • Biographical/Historical Description
  • Scope and Content

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: National Commission For The Protection Of Human Subjects Of Biomedical And Behavioral Research Collection,
    Date (inclusive): 1974 -1978
    Accession number: GTU 94-6-05
    Shelf location: 2/D/4 - 2/E/1
    Size: Number of containers: 11 boxes

    Linear feet: 10 1/2
    Type of material: Working files.
    Repository: The Graduate Theological Union.
    Berkeley, California
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Source and Date

    Karen Lebacqz, 1994


    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Graduate Theological Union. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Graduate Theological Union as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Collection, GTU 94-6-05, The Graduate Theological Union Archives, Berkeley, CA.

    Access Points

    Human experimentation in medicine --Moral and ethical aspects
    Medicine --Research --Moral and ethical aspects
    Medical ethics
    Lebacqz, Karen, 1945-

    Biographical/Historical Description

    The "National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research" (1974 -78) was established by Congress under the National Research Act: Public Law 93-348, Title II, Part A (July 12, 1974). Dr. Karen Lebacqz, Professor of Christian Ethics, Pacific School of Religion, was appointed as a member of the Commission.
    The purpose of the Commission was "to (1) conduct a comprehensive investigation and study to identify the basic ethical principles which should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects, (2) develop guidelines which should be followed in such research to assure that it is conducted in accordance with such principles, and (3) make recommendations to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare for such administrative action as may be appropriate to apply such guidelines . . . ." The duties of the Commission were to "include the following: (1) identify the requirements for informed consent to participation by the institutionalized mentally infirm; (2) consider the appropriateness of applying the principles and guidelines identified and developed by the Commission to the delivery of health services to patients under programs conducted or supported by the Secretary [of HEW]; consider the mechanisms for evaluating and monitoring the performance of Institutional Review Boards . . . [and] undertake a comprehensive study of the ethical, social and legal implications of advances in biomedical and behavioral research and technology." (Charterfor the Commission: Box 1, ff 1)
    The Commission published reports on: Research Involving the Fetus, Research Involving Children, Institutional Review Boards, Research Involving Those Institutionalized as Mentally Infirm, Research Involving Prisoners, Psychosurgery, Disclosure of Research Information, Ethical Guidelines for the Delivery of Health Services by DHEW, and The Special Study: A Comprehensive Study of the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Advances in Biomedical and Behavioral Research and Technology." ("Bioethics Commissions: What Can We Learn from Their Successes and Failures": Box 6, ff 6)

    Scope and Content

    The working files for the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research came directly from the Karen Lebacqz and was contained in one file cabinet and several boxes. The boxes contained 3-ring binders primarily for work on fetus research; also, copies of the transcripts of Commission meetings. The collection has been kept in the donor's original order using the donor's original broad subject headings. Not all of the final published reports are included in the collection.