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Trainor (Joseph C.) papers
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  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Alternate Forms Available
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Title: Joseph C. Trainor papers
    Date (inclusive): 1933-1980
    Collection Number: 72022
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 77 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 2 envelopes, 1 album box, 1 sound tape reel (40.0 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Writings, memoranda, reports, surveys, handbooks, maps, photographs, and printed matter relating to education reform in Japan during the Allied occupation. Includes sound recording of interview of J. C. Trainor by Harry Wray, 1980. Also available on microfilm (66 microfilm reels).
    Creator: Trainor, Joseph C.
    Creator: Wray, Harry
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1972.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Joseph C. Trainor papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Alternate Forms Available

    Also available on microfilm (66 microfilm reels).

    Biographical Note

    Jospeh C. Trainor was made a lieutenant commander of the United States Army in May of 1946. For one year, until May of 1947, he served as a member of the Education Division of the Civil Information and Education Section of the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Tokyo. He returned in July of 1949 in the capacity of Deputy Chief of the Education Division. The occupation authorities in Japan were committed to a program of democratizing Japan. One important facet of this program was educational reform. Occupation authorities rigorously pursued a program of restructuring administrative machinery, reorganizing schools, and reforming curricula. As a staff member of the Education Division for one year in 1946 to 1947, Trainor became familiar with this endeavor. As its Deputy Chief and second-in-command from July of 1949 until the American authorities left Japan in 1952, he was intimately involved at the policy and implementation levels.

    Scope and Content Note

    The Joseph C. Trainor papers reflect and document the program of democratization American authorities pursued vis-a-vis the Japanese educational system. Rather than an arbitrary assemblage of an individual's papers, the Trainor papers comprises archives, possibly incomplete, of American governmental and other agencies. The three series -- Ministry of Education File; Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP). General Headquarters (GHQ). Civil and Information Section (CIE) File; and Subject File -- conform to the arrangment of the collection when it arrived at the Hoover Institution Archives. Within the series, the original arrangement of files has been maintained to as great an extent as possible while still insuring a logical and accessible organization. Within the three series are found many types of material ranging from handwritten notes to reprints of American journal articles. The series description which follows gives a more detailed inventory of the types of documents.
    The Ministry of Education File consists primarily of copies of documents, typescripts usually, which were generated either by the Japanese Ministry of Education or by other administrative or legislative bodies, such as the Diet. These documents usually define, but occasionally establish, the functions of the Ministry.
    The second series, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, General Headquarters, Civil Information and Education File, comprises over 80% of the collection. This series is then further broken down into subseries, the largest and most important of which is titled Education Division. The subseries represent distinctions found within the collection when it arrived at the repository. Throughout the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers... series, the researcher will find reports, memoranda, statistics, studies and a host of other material relating to the effort of reorganizing Japanese education.
    The last series is the Subject File. It, too, contains a variety of forms of documents. To a limited extent, documents from sections of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, General Headquarters other than Civil Information and Education are to be found in this series. Some documents pertain to education. The majority of documents in this file, however, are unrelated to education, and concern a variety of topics.
    In all of the series, files are arranged alphabetically by subject or title, following closely the original arrangement of the collection when it was received. If materials are dated, the dates are given at the end of an entry. A dash between two dates indicates there is material in the file covering that time span. A comma, however, is used to indicate materials form two different days, months or years, with no material from the intervening period in the file. Single items missing a date are listed with "undated" at the end of their entry. Folders with dates given may contain material which is undated, in which case that material has been placed at the back of the folder. If under a single entry with large quantities of material, enough material was undated to warrant its own folder, it is listed as the last subheading of that entry as "undated." The purpose behind the positioning of undated material at the end of a file, or files, was to give the researcher a better chance of understanding, if not actually placing, undated materials after reading through the sequence of dated material.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Education -- Japan
    Japan -- History -- Allied occupation, 1945-1952
    Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers