Guide to the Nancy Makepeace Tanner Papers

The University Library
Special Collections and Archives
University Library
University of California, Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, California, 95064
© 2011
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Nancy Makepeace Tanner Papers

Collection number: MS 75

The University Library

Special Collections and Archives

University of California, Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz, California
Processed by:
Date Completed:
August 2011
Encoded by:
M. Carey
© 2011 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Nancy Makepeace Tanner papers
Dates: 1971-1981
Collection number: MS 75
Creator: Tanner, Nancy Makepeace
Collection Size: 6 cartons

6 linear ft.
Repository: University of California, Santa Cruz. University Library. Special Collections and Archives
Santa Cruz, California 95064
Abstract: This collection includes preliminary & corrected drafts for On Becoming Human and plans for a second book.
Physical location: Stored offsite at NRLF: Advance notice is required for access to the papers.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English


Collection open for research.

Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the University of California. Literary rights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. For permission to publish or to reproduce the material, please contact the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred Citation

Nancy Makepeace Tanner papers. MS 75. Special Collections and Archives, University Library, University of California, Santa Cruz.

Acquisition Information

Gift of the Brunckhorst Family, 1994


Nancy Makepeace Tanner 1933-1989, Anthropology: Santa Cruz, Associate Professor
Nancy Makepeace Tanner was born on June 18, 1933, in Aurora, Illinois. Her mother died when she was three years old and she and her younger brother were raised by her father. She first attended school in a one-room schoolhouse up the road from her father's farm. At age 16, she was admitted to the University of Chicago's early admissions's program and at 19 received her BA degree. After graduation, she became a premedical student, but soon after she dropped out when she got married. After two daughters, she got a divorce, and returned to the University of Chicago to obtain an M.A. in education in 1959. Moving to California, she began graduate studies in anthropology at UC Berkeley and, with her daughters, spent three years doing fieldwork in West Sumatra. Soon after her return from the field she came to the University of Chicago as a Carnegie Fellow of the Committee for the Comparative Study of New Nations. She taught there for two years before joining UCSC in 1969. Professor Tanner received her Ph.D. from UC Berkeley in 1971.
Trained in both cultural and physical anthropology, Professor Tanner had a wide ranging and creative intellect. She was concerned about overfragmentation in the discipline and in her work integrated the various subfields of anthropology. Her research, writing and teaching focused on three areas: dispute and conflict resolution, human communication, and sex and gender, which she examined from evolutionary, social and socio-cultural perspectives. Professor Tanner was a leading authority on the Minangkabau of Western Sumatra. She wrote numerous articles on their legal system, sociolinguistics and social organization. Her 1974 article, “Matrifocality in Indonesia, Africa and among Black Americans” proposed a rethinking of then current theories about matriliny and presented a new model about women's roles in social systems.
In 1981, she published a path-breaking book, On Becoming Human (Cambridge University Press) in which she traced the transition from ape to australopithecine in human evolution, based on her analysis of fossil and archaeological data. The book, which has been reprinted twice, presented a powerful new theory about women's roles in human evolution and was widely praised by colleagues such as F. Clark Howell, Gayza Teleki and Glenn Isaac. In 1985, the book was translated into Italian. Recognition of Professor Tanner's contributions came in the form of invitations to speak at numerous conferences in physical anthropology, archaeological and socio-cultural anthropology at universities in this country and abroad. Always an avid reader of science-fiction, she was delighted when asked to contribute a paper to a conference on interstellar migrations at Los Alamos. Professor Tanner held rigorous standards for her students and was known for her Socratic approach to teaching. Re-entry students, in particular, saw her as a role model and found in her a sympathetic and supportive advocate. A former student said at her memorial service, “I benefitted enormously from both her scholarship and her compassionate concern for others.” Although Professor Tanner had a long history of epilepsy and heart problems, she gave generously of her time to her students and colleagues.
Professor Tanner died from a heart attack on June 20, 1989, during a visit in Arizona where she had gone with her husband, Jim Moore, to attend a family wedding. She is survived by her husband, her two daughters, a grandson, a brother, a stepmother and an aunt. Her colleagues and former students join with UCSC Chancellor, Robert Stevens, in noting, “Our campus is the poorer with the loss of Nancy Tanner's professionalism and her personal warmth and concern.”
University of California: In Memoriam, 1989 - Diane Lewis Triloki Pandey Carolyn Clark

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection includes preliminary & corrected drafts for On Becoming Human and plans for a second book.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Tanner, Nancy Makepeace--archives
Human evolution
Social evolution
Authors, American--California--Santa Cruz County

box 1

On Becoming Human - chart layouts & plans for second book on Homo erectus ca. 1973-1979

box 2

On Becoming Human - chapter drafts, pt.1 1973-1979

box 3

On Becoming Human - chapter drafts, pt.2; first complete Tanner draft (1977); drafts of "Model of early human society" early precursor of On Becoming Human 1973-1979

box 4

On Becoming Human - complete typed & set drafts; corrected galleys 1978-1981

box 5

On Becoming Human - draft with illustration layouts 1978

box 6

Minangkabau disputes - Thesis (Ph. D. in Anthropology)--University of California, Berkeley, Sept. 1971. 1971