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Register of the Vooruzhennye Sily na IUgie Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie. Records, 1918-1927
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Access Points
  • Historical Note

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Vooruzhennye Sily na IUgie Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie. Records,
    Date (inclusive): 1918-1927
    Collection number: 30010
    Creator: Vooruzhennye Sily na IUge Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie
    Collection Size: 9 manuscript boxes 3.75 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, memoranda, orders, and affidavits, relating to administration of military justice in the Armed Forces of Southern Russia, Russian emigres in Bulgaria, the political situation in Bulgaria, and the composition and distribution of the First Army Corps and the Don Corps
    Language: Russian and Bulgarian.

    Administrative Information


    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Vooruzhennye Sily na IUgie Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie. Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1930.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Access Points

    Military offenses--Soviet Union
    Bulgaria--Politics and government
    Soviet Union
    Russia (Federation)
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Refugees

    Historical Note

    This record group, together with the records of the Chief of Supply of the Russian Army (Nachal'nik Snabzheniia Russkoi Armii), were previously accessioned at the Hoover Institution as the F. F. Abramoff collection. Both groups of records at one point were in the possession of General Abramoff, who commanded the Don Army Corps in Bulgaria, but he was not the originator of the records themselves. The records of the Justice Department of the Russian Army and its subordinate agencies were originally assembled by General I. A. Ronzhin, the Chief Prosecutor of the Russian Army and Navy and the principal executive officer of the Department. After General Wrangel's Russian Army evacuated the Crimea in 1920, the Justice Department was ultimately relocated in Bulgaria, where both the First Army Corps, under General Kutepov, and the Don Army Corps, under General Abramoff, were billeted. General Abramoff probably assumed possession of the files of the defunct Justice Department after many of the Russian Army organizations and offices disintegrated in 1926-1927 because of an acute shortage of funds.
    The collection consists of a numerical office file, the papers of General Ronzhin, and the records of judicial organs subordinate to the Department. The office file of the Justice Department consists of papers relating to investigations into relatively minor infractions: theft, missing valuables, insubordination, insulting a superior officer etc. The papers of General Ronzhin are more substantive and include reports sent regularly by all Courts of Honor and military prosecutors and investigators. Among his other duties in Bulgaria, General Ronzhin interceded with the Bulgarian Government on behalf of soldiers from the Don and First Army Corps, who suffered considerable harassment from local police authorities. Consequently, there is a large volume of correspondence with the Bulgarian Interior Ministry. Ronzhin also remained in close contact with General Abramoff, and there is much material received by Ronzhin from either Abramoff or his subordinates.
    The records of two subordinate judicial organs--namely, the Special Military Investigator at General Headquarters and the Military Justice Commission at the Sevastopol Fortress--are also contained in the collection. Colonel Ukraintsev was the Special Military Investigator and acted on the direct orders of General Ronzhin, who commissioned him to investigate cases of the greatest import: embezzlement, graft, corruption, execution without trial, etc. The Military Justice Commission at the Sevastopol Fortress appears to have been an extraordinary body evolving out of the chaos that accompanied the retreat of General Wrangel's forces into the Crimean peninsula. It dealt with disorders behind the front lines: robbery, banditry, plundering, depredations on civilian property, murder, etc.