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Finding aid for the Donald Goldberg collection of French caricature, 1830-1853
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Donald Goldberg collection of French caricature
    Date (inclusive): 1830-1853
    Number: P890001
    Creator/Collector: Goldberg, Donald
    Physical Description: 393.0 prints
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: A collection, assembled by Donald Goldberg, comprised entirely of 19th century French lithographs designed by two artists known by their pseudonyms, Paul Gavarni and Grandville, and featuring political and social caricature.
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    Language: Collection material is in French

    Biographical/Historical Note

    This collection is comprised entirely of 19th century French lithographs designed by two artists known by their pseudonyms, Paul Gavarni and Grandville. Guillaume Sulpice Chevalier was born in Paris on 13 January, 1804. He began to study drawing with Professor Leblanc at the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers in 1818, and sold his first lithograph for publication in 1824. In 1829 he adopted the name Paul Gavarni after a town in the Pyrenees. The following year he turned to fashion illustration and later designed theatrical costumes and carnival disguises. Beginning in 1837 he drew lithographs for Charles Philipon's journals Le Charivari and La Caricature. Gavarni's images are observations of social manners and customs (and as such are technically caricature only by association). He differed from Philipon's more famous discovery, Honoré Daumier, whose scathing political and social caricature offended many, particularly the government censors. Gavarni abandoned lithography entirely following the death of his young son in 1857, and gradually withdrew from society. He died in obscurity in 1866.
    Jean-Ignace-Isidore Gérard was born at Nancy in 1803. His pseudonym was borrowed from his paternal grandparents, who worked as comedian under the names Monsieur and Madame Grandville ("Big City"). He began his career as a miniature painter, studying first with his father and then with Hippolyte Le Comte, but by 1820 had abandoned this medium and devoted himself to lithography and illustration. As an increasing dislike for the messy work of lithography took hold, he began to work with collaborators who copied his drawings onto the lithographic stone. In his own time he was considered first a political caricaturist, and second an illustrator of children's works. In both types of drawings he metamorphosed humans and animals, revealing at the same time our animalistic nature and our tendency to anthropomorphize. All the lithographs by Grandville in this collection are political caricatures published in La Caricature, except the first, a social caricature which features the infamous character M. Mayeux, and the last, which was published on subcription only. Following the death of his three children, and of his wife of nine years in 1842, Grandville himself died in 1847 in an asylum at Vanves near Paris.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Donald Goldberg Collection of French Caricature, 1830-1853, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. P890001.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1989.

    Processing History

    The Donald Goldberg collection originally included reference books, as well as complete sets of periodicals such as La Lune and Le Mirliton. These publications are now part of the Getty Research Institute Library. The caricature prints were transferred to Special Collections ca. 1996. The cataloguing of the print collection was completed on Jun 30, 1997 by Brian Parshall who wrote this finding aid.
    Note on Cataloging:
    The standard reference for works by Gavarni is Armelhault (pseudonym for Mahérault) and Bocher, L'Oeuvre de Gavarni (Paris: Librarie des bibliophiles, 1873) and cited as A & B; for works by Grandville see Gottfried Sello, Grandville: Das Gesamte Werk. 2 vols. (Munich: Rogner u. Bernard, 1969) cited as Sello. Both have been used in cataloging this collection and are cited in the entries.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection, assembled by Donald Goldberg, contains nineteenth century French lithographs by two artists known by their pseudonyms, Paul Gavarni (1804-1866) and Grandville (1803-1847), with examples of political and social caricature by each. The majority are from publisher Charles Philipon's journals La Caricature, founded in 1830 during the so-called July Monarchy of Louis-Philippe, and Le Charivari, founded in 1832.

    Arrangement note

    The collection is organized in 2 series: Series I. Works by Gavarni; Series II. Works by Grandville

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Topics

    Caricature--19th century--France

    Subjects - Places

    Paris (France)--Social life and customs

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Prints--France--19th century
    Proofs before letters--France--19th century


    Gavarni, Paul, 1804-1866
    Goldberg, Donald
    Grandville, J. J., 1803-1847