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Preliminary Inventory of the Robert Charlwood Richardson papers, 1917-1954
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Related Collections
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Contents of Collection
  • Index to Major Groups

  • Title: Robert Charlwood Richardson, Jr. papers
    Date (inclusive): 1917-1954
    Collection Number: 68029
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 74 manuscript boxes (30.9 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, bulletins, directives, maps, and photographs relating to American military operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II and the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    creator: Richardson, Robert C. (Robert Charlwood)


    Boxes 11A, 38, 41-42, 47, 52, 55-57, 61, 63-64 and 73-74 are open for research. All others may not be used without permission of the Archivist. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for more information.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Robert Charlwood Richardson papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1968.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Collections

    Delos Carleton Emmons papers, Hoover Institution Archives William Edward Hammer processed volume, Hoover Institution Archives Raymond B. Jordan collection, Hoover Institution Archives Henry J. Muller, Jr. papers, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical Note

    1882 Born, Charleston, South Carolina
    1900-1904 Cadet, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
    Circa 1904-1905 Served in the 14th Calvary Regiment during the Philippine–American War
    1905 Wounded in action at Cotta Usap
    1906-1911 Assistant instructor of modern languages, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
    1914-1916 Assistant professor of English, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
    1917 Aide to Major General T. H. Barry
      Author, <title render="italic">West Point: An Intimate Picture of the National Military Academy</title>
    1918-1919 Liaison officer, American Expeditionary Forces
    1919 Joined Morale Division, War Plans Division, War Department General Staff, Washington DC
    1920-1923 Assistant to assistant chief of staff for operations, Headquarters, Philippine Department, Manila
    1924-1926 Attended Ecole Supérieure de Guerre, Paris
    1926-1928 Military attaché, Rome, Italy
    1929-1933 Commandant of cadets, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
    1933 Attended Army War College, Washington
    1938 Given command of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade at Fort Bliss, Texas
    1940-1941 Commanded the 1st Calvary Division Fort Bliss, Texas
    1941 Director, Bureau of Public Relations, War Department
    1943- Military governor of Hawaii
      Commanding general of U.S. Army forces in the Pacific Ocean area
      Commanding general of the Hawaiian Department
    1954 Died
      Posthumously promoted to general

    Scope and Contents of Collection

    The papers document the military career of General Robert Charlwood Richardson, Jr., who served in World War I and World War II. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, bulletins, directives, maps, and photographs relating to American military operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II and the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
    As an aide to Major General T. H. Barry, Richardson traveled with Barry to Europe in 1917. Since Richardson could speak French, he became a liaison officer for the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. The collection includes materials related to the American Expeditionary Forces and volumes of information summaries.
    During World War II, Richardson became the military governor of Hawaii and the commander of Army personnel in the Pacific. He was present aboard the USS Missouri during Japan's surrender in 1945. The collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, and photographs related to Richardson's service, as well as history volumes documenting the United States Armed Forces in the Middle Pacific. Also included are materials concerning martial law in Hawaii and suspension of the right of habeas corpus during Richardson's service as military governor.

    Index to Major Groups

    Biographical file
    1-4, 7
    World War I
    5-6, 8-11
    Interwar period
    World War II
    12, 37
    Speeches and writings
    36, 38, 61-62

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    United States. Army--Officers.
    United States--Armed Forces.
    World War, 1914-1918.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
    World War, 1939-1945--Hawaii.
    World War, 1939-1945.