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Lovestone (Jay) papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Location of Original Materials
  • Biographical Note
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Jay Lovestone papers
    Date (inclusive): 1904-1989
    Collection Number: 75091
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 896 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 49 envelopes, 3 sound tape reels, 1 framed map (364.2 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, memoranda, bulletins, clippings, serial issues, pamphlets, other printed matter, photographs, and sound recordings relating to the Communist International, the communist movement in the United States and elsewhere, communist influence in American and foreign trade unions, and organized labor movements in the United States and abroad. Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    Creator: Lovestone, Jay
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1975.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Jay Lovestone papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Location of Original Materials

    Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 

    Biographical Note

    1907 or 1908 Moved to the United States
    1913-1915 In his early teens, became interested in the DeLeonite Socialist Labor Party and shortly thereafter joined the Socialist Party.
    1914-1918 Attended City College of New York and became a member of the Socialist Study Club, which was affiliated with the Intercollegiate Socialist Society. In 1917, became president of the Society's branch at C.C.N.Y.
    1918 Graduated, City College of New York
    1918-1920 Held a number of jobs and at various times attended classes at the City College of Accounting, New York University Law School, and Columbia University.
    1919 Helped to organize the left wing sections of the pro-Communists in New York. Later became delegate to the founding convention of the American Communist Party. [Note: The American Communist Party underwent several reorganizations and name changes during the time Jay Lovestone was a member. Please see Series description for further information.] He was elected to the Program Committee and the First Central Executive Committee.
    1921 Assistant Secretary, Communist Party
    1922 National Secretary, Communist Party
    1923 Author of The Government - Strikebreaker, a study of government intervention in the strikes of 1921-1922.
    1925 Organization Secretary, Communist Party
    1927 General Secretary, Communist Party
    1929 Ousted from Communist Party by Joseph Stalin.
    1929-1940 Founder and head of Communist Party Opposition known as Lovestoneites or Lovestone Group. [Note: The Communist Party Opposition underwent several name changes during the time Jay Lovestone headed the group. Please see Series description for further information.]
    1942-1944 Committee to Defend America - Citizens for Victory
    1944-1956 Executive Secretary, American Federation of Labor (AFL), Free Trade Union Committee
      Director, International Affairs Department
      Director, International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), Political Department
    1956-1963 Assistant Director of International Affairs Department, AFL-CIO
      Director of International Publications, American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
    1963-1974 Director of International Affairs Department, AFL-CIO
    1974-1990 Consultant on International Affairs, ILGWU and AFL-CIO
    1990 March 7 Died, New York City


    Arranged into two groups: an original accession, Boxes 1-695, and an increment of additional materials, Boxes 696-899. Within the two groups, materials are arranged in series by physical form or topic.
    The original accession is arranged in the following series: Printed Material; Biographical File; Communist Party, U.S.A.; Communist Party (Opposition); Office Files; Correspondence; Subject File; Speeches and Writings; German Language Material; Unprocessed Newspapers, Magazine Clippings and Photocopies of Clippings; Address Label Masters for Mailing List; Memorabilia; Damaged Material; Map; Sound Recordings; and Photographs.
    The increment of additional materials is arranged in the following series: Correspondence; Speeches and Writings; Other Unpublished Material; Sound Recording; Photographs and Postcards; Printed Biographical File; Printed Subject File; and Memorabilia.
    Additionally, there is a Declassified U.S. Government Records series, which contains materials from both groups.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Communism -- United States
    Labor movement -- United States
    Labor unions -- United States
    Labor movement
    Labor unions
    Labor unions and communism
    Communist International
    Communist Party of the United States of America
    American Federation of Labor. Free Trade Union Committee
    Communist Party U.S.A. (Opposition)