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Register of the Jay Lovestone papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Arrangement
  • Location of Original Materials

  • Title: Jay Lovestone papers
    Date (inclusive): 1904-1989
    Collection Number: 75091
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 896 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 49 envelopes, 3 sound tape reels, 1 framed map (364.2 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, memoranda, bulletins, clippings, serial issues, pamphlets, other printed matter, photographs, and sound recordings relating to the Communist International, the communist movement in the United States and elsewhere, communist influence in American and foreign trade unions, and organized labor movements in the United States and abroad. Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Lovestone, Jay.


    Collection open for research. Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    Use copies of some sound recordings in this collection are available for immediate access. To listen to other sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Jay Lovestone papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1975.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1907 or 1908 Moved to the United States
    1913-1915 In his early teens, became interested in the DeLeonite Socialist Labor Party and shortly thereafter joined the Socialist Party.
    1914-1918 Attended City College of New York and became a member of the Socialist Study Club, which was affiliated with the Intercollegiate Socialist Society. In 1917, became president of the Society's branch at C.C.N.Y.
    1918 Graduated, City College of New York
    1918-1920 Held a number of jobs and at various times attended classes at the City College of Accounting, New York University Law School, and Columbia University.
    1919 Helped to organize the left wing sections of the pro-Communists in New York. Later became delegate to the founding convention of the American Communist Party. [Note: The American Communist Party underwent several reorganizations and name changes during the time Jay Lovestone was a member. Please see Series description for further information.] He was elected to the Program Committee and the First Central Executive Committee.
    1921 Assistant Secretary, Communist Party
    1922 National Secretary, Communist Party
    1923 Author of The Government - Strikebreaker, a study of government intervention in the strikes of 1921-1922.
    1925 Organization Secretary, Communist Party
    1927 General Secretary, Communist Party
    1929 Ousted from Communist Party by Joseph Stalin.
    1929-1940 Founder and head of Communist Party Opposition known as Lovestoneites or Lovestone Group. [Note: The Communist Party Opposition underwent several name changes during the time Jay Lovestone headed the group. Please see Series description for further information.]
    1942-1944 Committee to Defend America - Citizens for Victory
    1944-1956 Director, International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), Political Department
      Director, International Affairs Department
      Executive Secretary, American Federation of Labor (AFL), Free Trade Union Committee
    1956-1963 Director of International Publications, American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
      Assistant Director of International Affairs Department, AFL-CIO
    1963-1974 Director of International Affairs Department, AFL-CIO
    1974-1990 Consultant on International Affairs, ILGWU and AFL-CIO
    1990 March 7 Died, New York City


    Arranged into two groups: an original accession, Boxes 1-695, and an increment of additional materials, Boxes 696-899. Within the two groups, materials are arranged in series by physical form or topic.
    The original accession is arranged in the following series: Printed Material; Biographical File; Communist Party, U.S.A.; Communist Party (Opposition); Office Files; Correspondence; Subject File; Speeches and Writings; German Language Material; Unprocessed Newspapers, Magazine Clippings and Photocopies of Clippings; Address Label Masters for Mailing List; Memorabilia; Damaged Material; Map; Sound Recordings; and Photographs.
    The increment of additional materials is arranged in the following series: Correspondence; Speeches and Writings; Other Unpublished Material; Sound Recording; Photographs and Postcards; Printed Biographical File; Printed Subject File; and Memorabilia.
    Additionally, there is a Declassified U.S. Government Records series, which contains materials from both groups.

    Location of Original Materials

    Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    American Federation of Labor. Free Trade Union Committee.
    Communist International.
    Communist Party of the United States of America.
    Communist Party, U.S.A. (Opposition)
    Communism--United States.
    Labor movement--United States.
    Labor movement.
    Trade-unions and communism.
    Trade-unions--United States.
    United States--Foreign relations.
    United States--Politics and government.