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Inventory of the State Personnel Board Records
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Governor Hiram Johnson established California's first Civil Service Commission (Stats. 1913, ch. 590, p. 1035) as a reform measure aimed at promoting employee efficiency and ending the widespread spoils system in the public sector. The spoils system, a commonly practiced form of political favoritism, involved the giving of jobs in local and state government based on party loyalty, friendship, and nepotism rather than on qualification and experience.
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