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Guide to the Andrew Jackson Grayson Papers, 1844-1901
BANC MSS C-B 514  
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Key to Arrangement


Box 1

Letters written by Andrew Jackson Grayson, 1844-1869

Scope and Content Note

Arranged chronologically. Early letters relate mainly to family affairs. Those written after 1859 are concerned with ornithological matters. Some letters are copies in Mrs. Grayson's handwriting. See also letters in Part III (microfilm).

Letters written to Grayson.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by name of person or organization with a miscellany of single letters preceding the rest of the file, as follows:



Alemany, Joseph Sadoc, 1814-1888


Letter, Mar. 14, 1857.

Scope and Content Note

Letter of recommendation used during visit to Mexico

Allen, Henry Watkins, 1820-1866


Letter, Nov. 20, 1865

Scope and Content Note

Requests Grayson to become a correspondent for Allen's newspaper Mexican Times.

Allen, Joel Asaph, 1838-1921


Letter, June 10, 1868

Scope and Content Note

Requesting information on Mexican birds for Harvard College.

Almada, Gregorio, 1819-1870?


Certificate, July 24, 1861.

Scope and Content Note

Written in Spanish, acknowledging receipt of documents.

Brannan, Samuel, 1819-1889


Letter, Aug. 1, 1859


Cortés, Francisco


Letter, Oct. 1, 1861.

Scope and Content Note

Official letter written in Spanish.

Lawrence, George Newbold, 1806-1895


Letter, Aug. 8, 1869.

Scope and Content Note

see also letter written to Mrs. Grayson.

Magruder, John Bankhead, 1810-1871


Letter, Mar. 11, 1866.

Scope and Content Note

Letter of recommendation addressed to General Jose L. Uraga.

Rosecrans, William Starke, 1819-1898


Letter, Apr. 14, 1869.

Scope and Content Note

Written while minister to Mexico; includes two letters of recommendation.

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887


56 letters, 1856-1869.

Scope and Content Note

Relate mainly to Grayson's bird collecting and to his shipments of birds and other specimens to the Smithsonian Institution.

See also letters written to Mrs. Grayson, Box 2.

Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878


6 letters, 1868-1869.

Scope and Content Note

Relate to Grayson's specimen collecting for the Smithsonian Institution.

See also letters written to Mrs. Grayson, Box 2.

Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873


2 letters, 1866.


Rio de la Loza, Leopoldo, 1807-1876


5 letters, 1866.


Smithsonian Institution

See also Baird, Spencer F. and Henry, Joseph.


Xántus, Janos, 1825-1894


4 letters, 1861-1863.

Box 2

Letters written by Mrs. Grayson, 1852-1901

Scope and Content Note

Include also letters written after her marriage. Arranged chronologically. Relate mainly to Grayson's work and her attempts to publish his portfolio of drawings. Some letters are copies of originals In the Smithsonian Institution. See also letters in Part III (microfilm).

Letters written to Mrs. Grayson

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically, with a miscellany of single letters preceding the file, as follows:



Crane, George Belden, 1800-1898


Letter, Dec. 8, 1871.


Lawrence, George Newbold, 1806-1895


Letter, Jan. 11, 1875.

Scope and Content Note

Suggesting that she give Grayson's notes and portfolio of western Mexican birds to the Library of Congress.

Martin, William H.


Letter, June 29, 1876.

Scope and Content Note

Concerns the Inclusion of Grayson's bird drawings in the California exhibit at the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia.

Mercantile Library Association, San Francisco


Letter, Mar. 10, 1870.

Scope and Content Note

Acknowledgement of gifts. Included also: Certificate of membership.

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887


19 letters, 1865-1885.

Scope and Content Note

Relate mainly to Grayson's work and efforts to secure its publication.

Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878


2 letters, 1869.

Box 3

Diaries, notebooks and manuscripts of Grayson's writings (listed by titles used by Grayson).


Bird biographies. Arranged alphabetically as follows:


American Peregrine Falcon


Ash Colored Hawk


Black Vulture


Blue-back or Crow Jay


Blue-billed Long-legged Duck


Blue Mocking Bird


Boat Bill Night Heron


Bull Headed Flycatcher


Burroughs Vulture


California Vulture


Caracara Eagle


Cooper's Hawk




Cow-pen Blackbird


Crimson Necked or House Finch


Double Crested Oriole


Fantail Flycatcher


Great Green Maccaw


Great Mexlcan Creeper


Great Mexlcan Tyrant Flycatcher




Jauga or Paradise Oriole


King Vulture


Largest Kingfisher


Least Tit


Little Gros-beak Finch


Little Ground Dove


Little Mexican Crow


Little Peregrine


Long Tall Falcon


Long Tailed Hawk


Mangrove Rail


Mazatlan Boat-tailed Blackbird


Mazatlan Oriole


Mazatlan Swallow


Mazatlan Vireo


Mazatlan or Cactus Woodpecker


Mexican Curved-bill Thrush


Mexican Ground Dove


Mexican Night Hawk or Texas Night Hawk


Mexican Painted Finch


Mexican Tyrant Flycatcher


Orange Legged Hawk




Patagonia Pigeon


Pigeon Hawk


Red Bill or White Wing Pichichine


Red Crested Flycatcher


Red Crowned Flycatcher


Red Cuckoo


Red Eyed Blackbird


Red Fronted Parrot


Road Runner


Rose Breasted Thrush


Rosybreasted Fantail


Scaly Dove or Sand Dove


Sharp Shinned Hawk


Snake Bird or American Darter


Socorro Island Owl


Socorro Island Parrot


Socorro Towhee Finch


Socorro Wren


Solitary Dove


Sparrow Hawk


Tres Marias Island Wren


Tres Marias Yellow Headed Parrot


Turkey Buzzard


Urraca or Long-tail Jay


West Peregrine Falcon


White Breasted Squirrel Hawk


White Crested Hawk


White Fronted Parrot


White Headed Red Hawk


White Wing Dove


Yellow Crowned Night Heron

Box 4

Account of trip to California, 1846




Birds of the Pacific Slope. Field notebooks. 3 vols.

Box 5

Catalog of Birds Collected In Northwestern and Western Mexico, Chiefly in the Locality of Mazatlan. With Remarks about their Migrations, etc.


Exploring Expedition to the Island of Socorro from Mazatlan, Mexico.


For the Academy of Science, Mexico. An appeal for increased zoological research.


List of Birds Described by A. J. Grayson


List of Socorro Island birds collected by A. J. Grayson, May, 1867.


Little Journal of Incidents Whilst on a Surveying Party with Von Schmidt in the fall of 1853in the Tulare Plains.


[Miscellaneous lists and notes on birds. ]


[Pocket notebook containing list of species, with references to field notebooks.]


[Pocket notebook containing sketches and notes on birds shot near Tehuantepec, 1857.]


Report upon the birds etc. the Tres Marias Islands on the western coast of Mexico


Socorro Island Exploring Expedition, Catalog of birds collected


State of Sinaloa


Systematized List of Mazatlan Birds So Far Recorded by A. J. Grayson


Tres Marias Islands


Voyage from Mazatlan to Tres Marias Islands

Box 6

Copies of published writings


Copy of the Hesperian,Vol. II, 1859 containing articles and reproductions of paintings of the following:


Crimson-necked House Finch


Red Cuckoo


Red-breasted or Cinnamon Teal


Swallow-tailed Flycatcher


Bearded Jay


Largest Oriole


Reprint of Natural History of the Tres Marias and Socorro from the Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, June 7, 1871.


Copy of the Mazatlan Times (pp. 1-2) containing the article A Visit to Socorro Island.


Journal kept by Frances Grayson on trip from Tepic to Mexico City and return.



Scope and Content Note

Contains clippings of articles written by Grayson add published in various newspapers and magazines including the Daily Alta California, Hutchings' California Magazine, Overland Monthly, Mazatlan Times, Mexican Times, California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, and the St, Helena Star. Also contains articles and clippings about Grayson including an article from Overland Monthly by Bret Harte; obituaries; articles about Mrs. Grayson, George Belden Crane, California history, and miscellaneous poems, etc.
Box 7

Publications by other ornithologists


Baird, Spencer Fullerton

Scope and Content Note

Review of American Birds In the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. 1864-ca. 1866

Coues, Elliott

Scope and Content Note

Prodrome of a Work on the Ornithology of Arizona Territory, 1866.

Lawrence, George Newbold


Birds of Southwestern Mexico collected by Francis E. Sumichrast for the United States National Museum, 1875.


Birds of Western and Northwestern Mexico, 1874. (Based on collections sent to the Smithsonian Institution by Grayson and others)


Catalogue of the Birds Found In Costa Rica, 1868.


Descriptions of New Species of American Birds, 1867.


Descriptions of Six New Species of Birds, 1866.


List of a Collection of Birds from Northern Yucatan, 1869.

Box 8


Scope and Content Note

Includes biographies of Grayson; passports and marriage certificate of Mrs. Grayson and George B. Crane.

See also: Scrapbook in Box 6 and will and papers re Mrs. Crane's estate in Part III.

Drawings and sketches by Grayson of scenes, mainly In Mexico: Transferred to pictorialcollection.

Scope and Content Note

One pencil sketch is titled "Encampment on Kings river slough, 1853."

Genealogy of Grayson family.


Invitations for social events in San Francisco and Benicia, 1847-1853.



See also: Scrapbook


Receipts, bill of lading, etc.


Autograph album

Scope and Content Note

Compiled by Mrs. Grayson in Mexico; some signatures from former Confederate officers.


See also Scrapbook



Part II: Microfilm copy of Plates of Birds of the Pacific Slope.

Part III: Microfilm copy of letters written by Grayson and Mrs. Grayson (later Mrs. Crane)