Guide to the David Goodman Mandelbaum Papers, 1899-1991, 1933-1986

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Guide to the David Goodman Mandelbaum Papers, 1899-1991, 1933-1986

Collection number: BANC MSS 89/129 cz

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Date Completed:
November 1994
Encoded by:
James Ryan
© 1997. The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: David Goodman Mandelbaum Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1899-1991,
Date (bulk): 1933-1986
Collection Number: BANC MSS 89/129 cz
Origination: Mandelbaum, David Goodman, 1911-
Extent: Number of containers: 15 cartons, 3 boxes, 1 OS folder Linear feet: Approximately 20.25
Repository: The Bancroft Library.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Field notes made during Mandelbaum's research trips to the Kota and Toda tribes in the Nilgiri Hills of Southern India, and the Plains Cree and Chippewa Indians; manuscripts of published and unpublished articles, books, reviews and speeches; incoming and outgoing correspondence; and research and course materials.
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], David Goodman Mandelbaum papers, BANC MSS 89/129 cz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.


David Goodman Mandelbaum was born in Chicago on August 22, 1911. He majored in anthropology at Northwestern University, studying with Melville J. Herskovits, and received his B.A. degree in 1932. He spent the summer of 1933 studying the San Carlos Apache in Arizona, with the support of a fellowship from the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He continued his ethnographic studies with the Plains Cree in Saskatchewan, while working as a research assistant at the American Museum of Natural History. He studied with Edward Sapir, Leslie Spier, and Clark Wissler at Yale University, and completed his doctoral degree in 1936. While at Yale, he studied the Jewish community in Ansonia, Connecticut.
At a time when most young American anthropologists were concentrating their attention on Native American peoples, Mandelbaum turned to India, which held a life-long fascination for him. While the recipient of a National Research Council Fellowship, from January, 1937 to May, 1938, he collected data on the Kota tribe in the Nilgiri Hills of Southern India, as well as the small Jewish colony in Cochin.
He returned to the United States to teach at the University of Minnesota. His doctoral dissertation, Changes in an Aboriginal Culture Following a Change in Environment, as Exemplified by the Plains Cree, was published in condensed form under the title The Plains Cree by the American Museum of Natural History in 1940. For six months, in 1941-1942, he had an Interdisciplinary Fellowship from the Carnegie Corporation to study psychology and anthropology at Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley.
During World War II, while he was on leave from the University of Minnesota, Mandelbaum went to Washington, D.C., to work as a civilian and later as a U.S. Army officer in the Division of Research and Analysis of the Office of Strategic Services. Later he served for a year each in Burma and India as an intelligence officer. He left the Army with the rank of major. After the war, he worked briefly for the Office of Intelligence and Research of the U.S. Department of State, researching social and economic problems of India and Southeast Asia.
Mandelbaum joined the anthropology faculty at U.C. Berkeley in 1946, where he taught until he retired in 1978. He served as chair of the department from 1955 to 1957. He was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship to Cambridge University in 1952-1953, and was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 1957-1958. He was a prime mover in the creation of the Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies, and he served as its chair from 1965 to 1968. He returned repeatedly to Southern India to continue his fieldwork with the Kota and Toda tribes.
In addition to his many writings which explored various facets of Indian social and cultural anthropology, including the two-volume Society in India, he published works on racial segregation in the military, anthropological theory, ethnology, the study of personality and life histories, gender roles, applied anthropology, and the teaching of anthropology.
David G. Mandelbaum died on April 19, 1987.

Scope and Content

The David G. Mandelbaum Papers provide a concise overview of the 50-year career of a distinguished American anthropologist and member of the University of California, Berkeley faculty. His main research interests throughout his life were the the Kota and Toda tribes of the Nilgiri Hills, in Southern India, and the Plains Cree of Canada.
The collection contains comparatively small amounts of personal correspondence (Series 1), and biographical information (Series 2). Mandelbaum's letters home from his first research trip to India, in 1937-1938, are filled with humor, enthusiasm, and fascinating details. The General Correspondence series also contains letters to and from Mandelbaum's mentors, Melville J. Herskovits, Alfred L. Kroeber, Edward Sapir, and Leslie Spier, and Yale University graduate school colleague Edgar E. Siskin. There are detailed letters to and from Alan R. Beals, who undertook fieldwork in India in the early 1950's. (The remainder of the correspondence can be found filed by subject in Series 3, 4, 5 and 6.) Series 2 includes several folders of notes taken by Mandelbaum in Sapir's classes at Yale University.
The following three series are also brief, but they do serve to demonstrate the range of Mandelbaum's professional, scholarly, and departmental commitments at U.C. Berkeley. He was active in the American Anthropological Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, among other groups (Series 3). He served as chair of Berkeley's Anthropology Department (Series 4), and later of the Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies (Series 5). The papers in these latter two series show his interest in anthropology curriculum development.
The most extensive series are the three which contain Mandelbaum's writings (Series 6), course materials for the University of Minnesota and U.C. Berkeley (Series 7), and his research materials (Series 8). The Writings series includes research notes, outlines, drafts, editorial correspondence, and reviews of his published books and articles. Also included are reviews written by Mandelbaum, and notes and transcripts of talks and speeches given by him. Series 6 demonstrates the breadth of Mandelbaum's academic interests, ranging from general anthropological theory, psychological anthropology, and ethnology, through social organization, gender roles, and applied anthropology. The seventh series shows the care with which he prepared for his teaching assignments. There are course outlines, reading lists, examination questions, and background research and lecture notes.
The last series sheds light on Mandelbaum's fieldwork methods, diligent work habits, and meticulous attention to detail. Of particular interest are his field journals, notes, and notebooks, written during his periods of residence among the Plains Cree in Canada, and the Kota and Toda in India. They reflect continuity and change among these tribal groups, and are especially valuable because he returned regularly over a long period of time to the Nilgiri Hills. He made a return visit to Canada in 1976, to attend a Sun Dance Ceremony, more than 40 years after researching his doctoral dissertation among the Plains Cree.
The David G. Mandelbaum Papers support research on a variety of anthropological topics. They provide a snapshot of the theory and practice of the profession in the United States during the middle decades of the 20th Century.

Container Listing

Boxes 1-2

Series 1: General Correspondence, 1933-1990

Scope and Content Note

As the name of this series suggests, these letters are of a general nature, and do not fit neatly into any of the remaining series described below. Prominent correspondents include the following anthropologists: Melville J. Herskovits, Paul E. Hockings, Alfred L. Kroeber, Clyde Kluckhohn, Ralph Linton, Edward Sapir, Edgar E. Siskin, and Leslie Spier. Additional correspondence arranged by subject can be found in Series 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Outgoing correspondence is arranged chronologically; incoming correspondence is arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.
Box 1, folder 1-7

Outgoing 1937-1987

folder 8

Incoming, Beals, Alan R. 1952-1958

folder 9

Incoming, Herskovits, Melville J. 1937-1946

folder 10

Incoming, Hockings, Paul E. 1961-1986

folder 11

Incoming, Kroeber, Alfred L. 1941-1956

folder 12

Incoming, Law-Yone, Edward M. 1972-1976

folder 13

Incoming, Linton, Ralph 1942-1947

Box 2, folder 1

Incoming, Sapir, Edward 1937-1938

folder 2

Incoming, Siskin, Edgar E. 1937-1988

folder 3

Incoming, Spier, Leslie 1937-1950

folder 4-12

Incoming, Miscellany, A-Z 1933-1990

Carton 1

Series 2: Biographical Information, 1932-1988

Scope and Content Note

This small series includes transcripts of David Mandelbaum's grades at Northwestern and Yale Universities; course notes from Yale University; newsclippings; and information about study grants and fellowships, including those he received from the American Museum of Natural History, the Guggenheim and Fulbright Fellowship programs, and the Center for the Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University; files on Mandelbaum's work for the U.S. Department of State and the Army during World War II; a folder concerning the Loyalty Oath Controversy at the University of California in the early 1950's; bibliographies; and funding requests.
Files are arranged alphabetically by topic.
Ctn. 1, folder 1

American Museum of Natural History 1934-1936

folder 2

Bibliographies 1962-1988

folder 3

Bio-bibliographies 1947-1985

folder 4

Biographical information 1941-1989

folder 5

Carnegie Interdisciplinary Fellowship, U.C. Berkeley and Stanford University 1941-1942

folder 6

Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Fellowship 1957-1958

oversize Oversize, folder 1A

Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Fellowship, souvenir program and photograph 1958

Ctn. 1, folder 7

Dimensions of Social Life. Essays in Honor of David G. Mandelbaum 1983-1990

folder 8

Fulbright Fellowship, King's College, Cambridge University 1952-1953

folder 9

Guggenheim Fellowship, India 1949-1950

folder 10

Loyalty Oath Controversy, U.C. Berkeley 1950-1951

folder 11

National Research Council Fellowship, India 1937-1938

folder 12

Newsclippings 1934-1979

folder 13

Northwestern University, transcript of grades 1932

folder 14

Office of Special Services, U.S. State Department 1945-1946, 1977-1986

folder 15

Operations Research Office, Department of the Army 1949-1954

folder 16

Research funding requests 1956-1985

folder 17

Social Science Research Council travel grant, India 1949-1950

folder 18

South Asian Anthropologist, issue dedicated to Mandelbaum 1984

folder 19

Yale University, course notes, miscellaneous 1933-1936

folder 20

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's Impact of Culture on Personality course (1) 1933-1934

folder 21

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's Impact of Culture on Personality course (2) 1933-1934

folder 22

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's Languages of the World course 1934

folder 23

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's linguistics course 1932-1933

folder 24

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's phonetics course 1933-1934

folder 25

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's Primitive Languages course 1933-1934

folder 26

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's Primitive Societies course ca. 1932-1933

folder 27

Yale University, notes on Edward Sapir's lecture to the Friday Night Club 1933

folder 28

Yale University, notes on Leslie Spier and Edward Sapir's Methods in Anthropology course 1934-1935

folder 29

Yale University scholarship record 1934-1936

Carton 2, Oversize Folder 1A

Series 3: Professional and Scholarly Organizations and Conferences, 1946-1988

Scope and Content Note

This brief series contains correspondence and other information concerning organizations with which Mandelbaum was affiliated, and conferences in which he participated. Included are folders on the American Anthropological Association, the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Educational Resources in Anthropology, The Canadian Plains Research Center, the conference on American Social and Cultural Anthropology, Past and Future (1976), and the conference on the Plains Cree held in Saskatchewan (1976). (Transcripts of his presentations at meetings and conferences can be found in the Speeches sub-series in Series 6.)
Folders are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Ctn. 1, folder 30

American Anthropological Association 1957-1971

folder 31

American Association for the Advancement ofScience 1975-1976

folder 32

American Social and Cultural Anthropology, Past and Future (Spring Hill Conference) 1974-1979

folder 33

Association for Asian Studies Conference 1981-1982

folder 34

Canadian Plains Research Center 1975,1984-1988

folder 35

Commission on the Study of Peace 1983-1986

folder 36

Comparative Education Conference 1966

Ctn. 2, folder 1-4

Educational Resources in Anthropology 1958-1963

folder 5

Edward Sapir Centenary Conference 1982-1985

oversize Oversize, folder 1A

Edward Sapir Centenary Conference, map 1984

Ctn. 2, folder 6

India-America Conference 1947-1949

folder 7

Institute of Pacific Relations 1952

folder 8

International Conference of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 1976-1978

folder 9

Plains Cree Conference 1975-1976

folder 10

Plains Cree Conference, photographs and slides 1976

folder 11

Society for South India Studies Conference 1980-1982

folder 12

Symposium on Populations and Relationships Between Groups 1946-1948

folder 13

Union for Social Science Teaching 1965-1966

folder 14

U.S. National Commission for UNESCO 1958-1962

folder 15

Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research 1949-1952

folder 16

World Anthropology Project 1976-1984

folder 17

World Area Research Committee 1947-1950

Carton 2

Series 4: Anthropology Department, University of California, Berkeley, 1940-1976

Scope and Content Note

Series 4 contains files relating to the Anthropology Department at Berkeley, which Mandelbaum chaired from 1955 to 1957. He helped to orchestrate the campaign to build Kroeber Hall, and the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology (now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology). Other files include notes taken by Mandelbaum at talks given by Kroeber at departmental seminars, curriculum information, program objectives, examinations, particularly for graduate students, and general departmental correspondence, including several letters to Mandelbaum written by Lowie. (Course notes are found in Series 7.)
Files are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
folder 18

Correspondence regarding appointment of Mandelbaum 1946-1948

folder 19

Graduate curriculum 1940-1957

folder 20

Graduate examinations 1948-1959

folder 21

Kroeber, Alfred L. 1941-1976

folder 22

New building 1949-1956

folder 23

Social Anthropology Curriculum Committee 1971

Carton 2

Series 5: South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1949-1975

Scope and Content Note

Mandelbaum helped to found, and then chaired (from 1965 to 1968) U.C. Berkeley's Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies. This series includes curriculum materials, course listings, and correspondence regarding the program.
Files are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Ctn. 2, folder 24

Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies 1974-1975

folder 25-26

Center for South Asia Studies 1965-1968

folder 27

Integrated Social Science Research for India 1949-1952

folder 28

South Asia Studies Committee 1951-1957

Cartons 2-7

Series 6: Writings, 1931-1991

Scope and Content Note

One of the larger series, Series 6 includes notes, outlines, rough and final drafts, correspondence with editors and collaborators, and reviews of Mandelbaum's publications.
Files are arranged into three sub-series: Articles and Monographs (1931-1991), Book Reviews (1936-1977), and Speeches (1934-1980). Items within the first sub-series are arranged alphabetically by title. Book reviews and speeches are arranged chronologically. (Speeches that later were re-worked into articles are filed in the Articles and Monographs sub-series.)

Articles and Monographs, 1931-1991

Ctn. 2, folder 29

"Agricultural Ceremonies Among Three Tribes in Travancore" 1937-1939

folder 30

"Alcohol and Culture" 1961-1981

folder 31

"All American All-Americans: Geronimo" 1940

folder 32

"Analyses of Cross-Cultural Education" 1955-1956

folder 33

"Ancient Themes and Modern Myths" 1971

folder 34

"Anthropological Concepts and Applied Projects" 1979-1980

folder 35

"Anthropological Studies of Complex Societies," comments on 1960-1961

folder 36

"Anthropology and Challenges of Development" 1977-1980

folder 37

"Anthropology as Study and as Career" 1963-1965; 1987

folder 38

"Anthropology for the Nuclear Age" 1984

folder 39

"Anthropology for the Second Stage of the Nuclear Age" 1984

Ctn. 3, folder 1

"The Art of Primitive Peoples" 1940

folder 2

"Badaga" ( Encyclopaedia Britannica) 1957-1967

folder 3

Behind Mud Walls, foreword 1962

folder 4

"Beliefs and Births" n.d.

folder 5

"Boom Periods in the History of an Indian Tribe" 1937

folder 6

"Burma" 1949

folder 7

"A Case History of Judaism: The Jews of Cochin" 1974-1975

folder 8

"Caste and Community Among the Jews of Cochin" 1974-1977

folder 9

"Ceremony in Gwalior" 1948

folder 10

"Ceylon" 1949

folder 11

"Change and Continuity in Jewish Life" 1955

folder 12

Changes in Aboriginal Culture Following a Change in Environment, as Exemplified by the Plains Cree (Ph.D. dissertation) 1936

folder 13

Changing India, foreward 1968-1976

folder 14

"Clans, Tribes and Nations" 1953-1954

folder 15

"Comments" 1956

folder 16

"The Concept of `System' in Ethnology" 1931-1962

folder 17

"Concepts and Methods in the Study of Caste" 1959

folder 18

"Concepts of Civilization and Culture" 1956-1969

folder 19

"Cultural Anthropology" 1965-1968

folder 20

"Culture Change Among the Nilgiri Tribes" 1941

folder 21

"Curing and Religion in South Asia" 1970

folder 22

"A Design for Anthropology Curriculum" n.d.

folder 23

"Development Disdained and Development Engrained" 1985-1986

Ctn. 3, folder 24

"Economic Development as Cultural Evolution" 1963

folder 25

"Edward Sapir: Cultural Anthropologist" 1965-1969

folder 26

"Entries on Indian Ethnology" 1949

folder 27

"Ethnology as Science and as Art" 1977

folder 28

Family and Social Change in Modern India, foreword 1975

folder 29

"The Family in India" 1942-1948

folder 30

"Family, Jati, Village" 1967-1968

folder 31

"Fertility of Early Years of Marriage in India" 1953-1954

folder 32

"Fertility, Society, and Food in India" 1978-1979

folder 33

"Folklore as Communication," correspondence and bibliography 1982-1986

folder 34-35

"Folklore as Communication," drafts ca. 1981

folder 36

"Folklore as Communication," notes n.d.

folder 37

"Form, Variation, and Meaning of a Ceremony" 1953-1954

folder 38

"Friendship in North America" 1936

folder 39

"Group Dynamics of an Army Unit" 1950-1951

folder 40

"A Guide to Books on India and Pakistan" 1941-1953

folder 41

"Hindu-Moslem Conflict in India" 1947

folder 42

"The Human Capacity for Peace," correspondence and draft 1984-1986

folder 43

"The Human Capacity for Peace," notes 1980-1986

folder 44-46

Human Fertility in India 1968-1979

folder 1

"The Indian Science Congress" 1937

folder 2

"The Indian Tribes of North America" 1947-1950

folder 3

"Integrating Methods and Concepts" 1969-1970

folder 4

"Introduction: Process and Structure in South Asian Religion" 1964

folder 5

"Is There a Pacific People?" 1959

Ctn. 4, folder 6-7

"Japan's Will to War" 1941-1942

folder 8

"The Jewish Way of Life in Cochin" 1937-1939

folder 9

"Kota" ( Encyclopaedia Britannica) 1967

folder 10-14

Kota manuscript (unfinished) 1946-1956

folder 15

"The Kotas in their Social Setting" 1956-1957

folder 16-17

"Materials for a Bibliography of the Ethnology of India" 1949

folder 18

"Methods in Cultural Anthropology" 1971

folder 19

"Modernization in South Asian Studies" 1966-1968

folder 20

"Myths and Myth-maker" 1952-1987

folder 21

"Nepal and Bhutan" 1946-1950

folder 22

"New Directions for South Asian Anthropology" 1976-1978

folder 23

"The New Nation of Burma" 1950

folder 24

"New Roots for Refugees" 1940

folder 25

"Nilgiri Peoples of India" 1967-1968

folder 26

"The Nilgiris as a Region" 1981-1982

folder 27

"A Nineteenth Century Development Project in India" 1954-1955

folder 28

"Notes on Role Change in Developing Societies" 1962

folder 29

"On the Study of National Character" 1952-1953

folder 30

"Pacification in Burma" 1950

folder 31

"Panel Discussions on `Social Anthropology in India'" 1964

folder 32

"Pattern and Culture Area" 1961

folder 33

The Plains Cree 1939-1979

folder 34

The Plains Cree, second edition 1976-1982

folder 35

"Planning and Social Change in India" 1952-1954

folder 36

"Polyandry in Kota Society" 1938, 1982, 1987

folder 37

"Postulates of Social-Cultural Anthropology and Links with Social Psychology" 1976-1984

folder 38

"The Potentials of Anthropology" 1977-1979

folder 39

Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark, obituary 1981

folder 40

"Prolegomena of Jewish Social Studies" n.d.

folder 41

"Psychiatry in Military Society," correspondence and drafts 1951-1958

folder 42

"Psychiatry in Military Society," notes 1942-1958

Ctn. 5, folder 1

Quinn, Theodora Kroeber, obituary 1978-1979

folder 2

"A Recollection of Fineday" 1967-1968

folder 3

"A Reformer of his People" 1958-1960

folder 4

"Religion in India and Ceylon" 1964

folder 5

"Religious Factors in Population Growth" 1975-1976

folder 6

"Role Variations in Caste Relations" 1961-1962

folder 7

"Sapir, Edward" ( Dictionary of American Biography) 1955-1957

folder 8

Sapir, Edward, obituary 1941

folder 9

Sapir Memorial Volume 1938-1941, 1958

folder 10

Selected Writings of David G. Mandelbaum, correspondence 1982-1987

folder 11

Selected Writings, introduction n.d.

folder 12

Selected Writings, "Notes and Thoughts" 1985-1986

folder 13

Selected Writings, notes for preface and introduction 1983-1987

folder 14

Selected Writings, outline 1983-1984

folder 15

Selected Writings, Part I, "Potentials of Anthropology" 1984-1986

folder 16

Selected Writings, Part II, "Comparative Studies" 1985-1986

folder 17

Selected Writings, Part III, "Culture and Personality" 1986

folder 18

Selected Writings, Part XVIII, "Applied Anthropology" 1984

folder 19-23

Selected Writings of Edward Sapir 1942-1986

folder tn. 5

24 "Sex Roles and Gender Relations in North India" 1985-1986

folder 25

"Social Components of Indian Fertility" 1973

folder 26

"Social Organization and Planned Culture Change" 1954-1956

folder 27

"Social Perceptions and Scriptural Theory in Indian Caste" 1960

folder 28

"Social Stratification among the Jews of Cochin in India and in Israel" 1975-1986; 1981

folder 29

"Social Trends and Personal Pressures" 1959-1960

folder 30

"Social Uses of Funeral Rites" 1954-1966

folder 31-34

Society in India 1956-1986

folder 35

Soldier Groups and Negro Soldiers 1951-1958

folder 36

"Some Effects of Population Growth in India on Social Interaction and Religion" 1974-1975

folder 37

"Some Meanings of Kinship in Village India" 1965-1967

folder 38

"Some Notes on Noneconomic Aspects of EconomicDevelopment" n.d.

folder 39

"Some Recollections of W. Norman Brown" 1975

folder 40

"Some Shared Ideas" 1976-1981

folder 41

Spier, Leslie, obituary 1961-1963

folder 42

"Status-Seeking in Indian Villages" 1968

folder 43

"The Strength of India" 1946

folder 44

"The Study of Anthropology" 1963-1964

folder 45

"The Study of Complex Civilizations" 1954-1956

folder 46-47

"The Study of Life History: Gandhi" 1960-1971

folder tn. 6

1-2 "The Study of Life History: Gandhi" 1972-1977

folder 3

"A Study of the Jews of Urbana" 1935-1936

folder 4-5

"A Study of the Toda," first drafts 1979

folder 6-7

"A Study of the Toda," second drafts 1979

folder 8

"A Study of the Toda," notes and outlines 1970-1984

Ctn. 6, folder 9

"Supplementary Paper on Negro Manpower" 1951

folder 10

The Teaching of Anthropology and Resources for the Teaching of Anthropology 1962-1966

folder 11

"Technology, Credit, and Culture in an Indian Village" 1952

folder 12

"Toda" ( Encyclopaedia Britannica) 1954-1967

folder 13

" The Todas in Time Perspective" 1980

folder 14

"Transcendental and Pragmatic Aspects of Religion" 1966

folder 15

"Transcendental and Pragmatic Aspects of Religion," correspondence 1964-1975

folder 16-17

"Transcendental and Pragmatic Aspects of Religion," notes and outlines 1961-1979

folder 18-19

"Transnatural Curing" 1965-1986

folder 20

"Unity for India" 1941-1942

folder 21

"University Museums" 1953

folder 22

"Utilization of Negro Manpower" 1951

folder 23

"Variations on a Theme by Ruth Benedict" 1972-1975

folder 24

Verrier, Elwin, obituary 1965

folder 25

"The Village Called Rampura" 1959-1978

folder 26

"The Village Called Rampura," photographs and negatives 1959

folder 27

"Violence in America" 1967-1968

folder 28

Wissler, Clark, obituary 1948

folder 29

"Wolf Child Histories from India" 1935-1959

folder 30

"Women and Men in India," correspondence 1984-1987

folder 31

"Women and Men in India," drafts 1985

folder 32-33

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor: Sex Roles in North India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, correspondence 1982-1991

Ctn. 7, folder 1-3

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor, drafts 1986

folder 4

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor, interviews 1983-1984

folder 5-6

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor, notes 1972-1985

folder 7

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor, photographs by Elisabeth Bumiller 1986

folder 8

Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor, reviews 1988-1991

folder 9

"The World and the World View of the Kota" 1954-1960


Book Reviews, 1936-1977

folder 10-13

Book reviews (by Mandelbaum) 1936-1977


Speeches, 1934-1981

folder 14-22

Speeches, notes and transcripts 1934-1981

Cartons 7-9

Series 7: Course Materials, 1934-1978

Scope and Content Note

Mandelbaum made and kept extensive handwritten and typed notes for the courses he gave at the University of Minnesota and the University of California, Berkeley. At Minnesota he taught a radio course entitled Anthropology in Action, and courses dealing with such themes as primitive art, ethnology of India, Native American ethnology, and acculturation. At Berkeley, he offered classes on the nature of culture, peoples of India and South Asia, religion and anthropology, and graduate seminars in various fields.
There are two sub-series: notes for classes given at the University of Minnesota, 1934-1946, where he began his teaching career, and those for courses at the University of California, Berkeley, 1946-1978. The Minnesota files are arranged alphabetically by course title, and the Berkeley class notes are arranged numerically by course number.

University of Minnesota, 1934-1946

folder 23

Acculturation course 1940

folder 24

Anthropology in Action course 1941

folder 25

Elements of Language course 1939-1940

folder 26

Ethnology of India course 1939

folder 27

History of Anthropological Thought and Methodcourse 1940-1941

folder 28

Indians of the Plains course 1934-1940

folder 29

Indians of the Southwest course 1939-1946

folder 30

Introduction to Anthropology course (41) 1938-1940

Ctn. 8, folder 1

Introduction to Anthropology course (3401) 1939

folder 2-4

Primitive Art course 1939-1946

folder 5

Psychological Phases of Culture course 1938-1941

folder 6

Social Organization course n.d.



folder 7-10

Anthropology 2A course 1947-1958

folder 11-12

Anthropology 2B course 1948-1961

folder 13

Anthropology 3 course 1968

folder 14-17

Anthropology 118A course 1946-1959

folder 18-21

Anthropology 118B course 1947-1952

folder 22

Anthropology 124 course 1947

folder 23-24

Anthropology 143A course 1946-1965

folder 25-26

Anthropology 143B course 1947-1965

folder 27-29

Anthropology 158 course 1974-1978

folder 30

Anthropology 188A course 1967-1970

Ctn. 9, folder 1-2

Anthropology 188A course 1971-1977

folder 3

Anthropology 191M course 1971-1972

folder 4

Anthropology 198 and 198A courses 1946-1955

folder 5

Anthropology 204B course 1960-1966

folder 6

Anthropology 218H course 1947-1950

folder 7

Anthropology 240A course 1967

folder 8

Anthropology 240B course 1960-1966

folder 9

Anthropology 240C course 1976-1978

folder 10

Anthropology 250L course 1972

folder 11-12

Anthropology course notes, miscellaneous 1936-1978

Cartons 9-15, Box 3

Series 8: Field Notes and Research Materials, 1899-1986

Scope and Content Note

Series 8 contains a wealth of detailed field notes and journals. Mandelbaum continued his research and writing on the Nilgiri Hill tribes, particularly the Kota and Toda, from the 1930's through the 1980's. He visited the Plains Cree in Saskatchewan to record the Sun Dance Ceremony many years after carrying out his initial fieldwork, which had formed the basis for his doctoral dissertation at Yale University.
Included in this series are field notes, field journals, research notes, correspondence, newsclippings, and subject files concerning the Plains Cree, Jews of Ansonia, Connecticut, Chippewa, Cochin Jews, and peoples of India. The files are arranged in the order in which Mandelbaum did his fieldwork with each group, except that India materials have been kept together. The last few folders in the series contain notes on general topics, such as religion, civilization and culture, and myth and history.
folder 13-15

Plains Cree correspondence 1935-1982

folder 16

Plains Cree field journal 8/34-9/35

folder 17-31

Plains Cree field notes 6/34-9/35; 7/66

folder 32

Plains Cree notes 1934-1975

folder 33-34

Jews of Ansonia correspondence 1935-1940; 1981-1984

folder 35-36

Jews of Ansonia field notes 3/36-8/36

folder 37

Jews of Ansonia newsclippings 1954-1983

folder 38

Jews of Ansonia notes 1936

folder 39

Jews of Ansonia study proposal 1934

Ctn. 10, folder 1-3

Chippewa field journals 6/39-8/39

folder 4-6

Chippewa field notes 2/39-9/40

folder 7-9

India field journals 12/36-8/37

folder 10-23

India field notebooks 2/37-9/38; 12/69-3/73

folder 24

India field notes, drawings and charts n.d.

folder 25

India maps 1938

folder 26

India newsclippings on firewalking 1931-1974

folder 27-28

India notes, miscellaneous 1951-1982

folder 29

India notes on firewalking 1906-1958

folder 30

India notes on population n.d.

folder 31

India transcripts of taped interviews 1/59

folder 32

Jews of Cochin articles and newsclippings 1930-1984

folder 33-35

Jews of Cochin correspondence 1937-1986

folder 36

Jews of Cochin field notes 9/37-10/37

folder 37-38

Jews of Cochin notes 1899-1983

Ctn. 11, folder 1

Mannan field notes 2/36-3/37

folder 2-3

Palliyan field notes 2/37

folder 4-7

Urali field notes 2/37-3/37



folder 8-12

Kota field notebooks 3/37-6/37

folder 13-38

Kota field notes 4/37-5/38; 10/49-12/49; 12/58; 1/78; n.d.

folder 39

Kota field notes, chronological index 4/37-5/38; 1949

Ctn. 12, folder 1

Kota field notes, subject index n.d.

folder 2

Kota funerals 1938-1953

folder 3

Kota household survey of family group, Aker kiker 1937, 1949

folder 4

Kota household survey of family group, Aker meker 1937, 1949

folder 5

Kota household survey of family group, Gager 1937, 1949

folder 6

Kota household survey of family group, Gagvaliker 1937, 1949

folder 7

Kota household survey of family group, Iker gager 1937

folder 8

Kota household survey of family group, Iker kiker 1937, 1949

folder 9

Kota household survey of family group, Nadiker kiker 1937

folder 10

Kota household survey of family group, Naryker kiker 1937, 1949

folder 11

Kota newsclippings 1977-1983

folder 12

Kota notes, miscellaneous 1938-1959

folder 13

Kota phonetic key ca. 1938


Kota Subject Files.

folder 14 1

Acculturation and non-acculturation, diffusion

folder 5 2a

Cultural parallels

folder 6 2b

Nature of the evidence

folder 7 2c

Situational component

folder 8 2d

Pattern interrelation

folder 9 2e

Universal principles

folder 0 2f

Unforeseen consequences of social action

folder 1 3a

History; impact of Europeans

folder 2 3b

HIstory; impact of Konaton

folder 3 4

History, general

folder 4 4a

How patterns came to be, why they are

folder 5 4b

Philosophy of life, social outlook, beliefs

folder 6 4c

How we know it is true

Ctn. 12, folder 7 5

Ideal patterns

folder 8 5a

Form and function

folder 9 5b

Analagous levelling

folder 0 6

Legal fictions

folder 1 6a

Rule, law, customary procedure

folder 2 7


folder 3 8

Motif dynamics

folder 4 8a

Social integration and stratification

folder 5 8b

Manipulation of motifs and patterns

folder 6 9

Personality, general

folder 7 9a


folder 8 9b

Perception and memory

folder 9 9c


folder 0 9d


folder 1 9ee


folder 2 9f

Industry, concept of work

folder 3 9h


folder 4 9i

Love and affection

folder 5 10

Personality of Sulli [informant]

folder 6 10a

Personal habits and hygiene, daily round

folder 7 10b


folder 8 11b

Personality of Thesingh [informant]

folder 9 11c

Status personality

folder 0 12

Quarrels, cases, decisions

folder 1 13

Nature of fights, terms of abuse threats, expressions of hostility

folder 2 13a

Violence, theft

folder 3 14


folder n. 12

54 14a Compulsive patterns

folder 5 14b

Variant patterns (approved or indifferent)

folder 6 14c

Deviant patterns (disapproved)

folder 7 14d


folder 8 14e

Alternate patterns

folder 9 14f

Pattern paradigms (hierarchies)

folder 0 14g

Dropped patterns

folder 1 14i

Pattern momentum and inertia

folder 2 15

Symbolism and symbolic acts

folder 3 16


folder 4 17

Animals; cow, oxen

folder 5 18

Animals; buffalo

folder 6 19

Animals; dog, chicken, bee, horse

folder 7 20


folder 8 21

Cultivation and land use

folder 9 22


folder 0 23

Personal adornment and dress

folder 1 24

Economics, wealth, poverty

folder 72 24a

Rationing and government control of economic life

folder 73 25

Fines, money, coins

folder 4 26

Material culture, general

folder 5 26a

Material culture; ironwork, gold

folder 6 27

Material culture; utensils, pottery

folder 7 27a

House and parts of house

folder 8 28

Place names, geographical notes, parts of village, travel

folder 9 31

Associates and intertribal relation

folder 0 33


folder 1 34

Pariahs and other castes

folder 2 35


folder 3 35a

Languages and speech

folder 4 36


folder 5 36a

Childbirth and pregnancy

folder 6 36b


folder 7 37

Children, childhood, child care

folder 8 37a

Adolescence and youth

folder 9 37b

Formal schooling

folder 0 38

Curing and health

folder 1 38a

Death and funerals

folder 2 40

Family life

folder 3 41


folder 94 41a

Talac (reciprocation)

folder 5 43

Houses, streets, home

folder 6 45


folder 7 46

Interpersonal relations

folder 8 46b


folder 9 46c

Cooperation and non-cooperation

folder 00 47


folder 01 47a

Kin-Joint family

folder 02 48a

Child and parents

folder 03 49

Kin-Clan and clan functions

folder 04 49a

Kin-Mother's brother and other mother's kin

folder 05 49b

Kin-In-laws, affinal kin

folder 06 50

Kin-Brothers and fraternal equivalence

folder 07 51

Marriage and divorce

folder 08 52


folder 09 53

Cross-cousin and cross-cousin marriage

folder 10 54

Gotgarn and koyltal (officials)

folder 11 55a

Prestige and status

folder 12 56a

Government, politics, police

folder 13 56b

Parties among Karap and Mamul

folder 14 57

Rank and seniority

folder 15 58

Sex and sexual jealousy

folder 16 59a

Telul (menstrual seclusion hut)

folder 17 60

Widows and widowers

folder 18 61


folder 19 62


folder 20 62a

Intervillage councils

folder 21 62b

Village meetings

folder 22 64

Kalac (Gudalur)

folder 23 65

Kurgoj (Sholur)

Ctn. 13, folder  66

Menar (Kilkunda)

folder  67

Porgar, Agal (Kotagiri)

folder  69a

Attitudes to supernatural

folder  69b

Magic, spells

folder  69c

Evil eye and preventive magic

folder  70a


folder  71

Deities and temples

folder  72

Food, kitchen, drink

folder  73

Kervai (the new gods)

folder 0 74

Mariamn and Sivan (Hindu deities)

folder 1 75

Oaths and vows, promises

folder 2 76

Omens and dreams

folder 3 77

Origin story

folder 4 78

Priests and diviners

folder 5 78a


folder 6 78b


folder 7 79


folder 8 80

Ritual elements

folder 9 81

Auspicious days, people, numbers, astrology

folder 0 84


folder 1 88

Moon, sun, time

folder 2 89

Non-ritual elements

folder 3 90

Purity, purification, defilement

folder 4 91

Washing and bathing

folder 5 94

Salutations and bows

folder 6 95

Soim (right hand and foot)

folder 7 100


folder 8 100a

Cinema and drama

folder 9 100b

Concepts of beauty

folder 0 101


folder 1 101a


folder 2 102


folder 3 103

Liquor, opium, betel

folder 4 104

Biographical and personal

folder 5

Index to sources



folder 36-49

Toda field notebooks 12/75-1/76;1/78-3/78; 12/78-1/79

folder 50-63

Toda field notes 5/68; 12/69-3/70; 2/73-3/73; 11/75-1/76; 1/78-3/78; 12/78-1/79

folder 64

Toda field notes, subject index 1968-1971

folder 65

Toda genealogies 1973

folder 66

Toda newsclippings and articles 1906-1971

folder 67-69

Toda notes 1970-1983

folder 70

Piljain, Evam, Children of Love n.d.

folder 71

Piljain, Evam, notes on conversations 1971

Ctn. 14, folder 1-3

Shaposhnikova, L.V., The Secret Tribe of the Blue Hills n.d.

folder 4

Shaposhnikova, L.V., The Secret Tribe of the Blue Hills, notes 1966-1980


Toda Subject Files.

folder 5 1.4

Outsiders' impressions of Toda

folder 6 1.6

W.H.R. Rivers on the Toda

folder 7 2.1

Face-opening ceremony

folder 8 2.2


folder 9 2.2a


folder 10 2.2b


folder 11 2.2d


folder 12 2.2e


folder 13 2.3a

Magic and superstitions

folder 14 2.3b

Relations with outsiders

folder 15 2.3c

Agriculture and livestock

folder 16 2.3d

Ritual sayings and blessings

folder 17 2.3e

Clothing and furnishings

folder 18 3.1


folder 19 3.1a

Sex roles

folder 20 3.1c


folder 21 3.2

Women and girls

folder 22 3.2a


folder 23 3.2b


folder 24 3.2c

Betrothal and gift exchange

folder 25 3.2d

Marriage disputes

folder 26 3.2e


folder 27 3.3


folder 28 3.4


folder 29 3.5


folder 30 3.6

Poyol (affinal kin)

folder 31 3.7


folder 32 3.7a


folder 33 3.7b

Inter-group relations

folder 34 3.7c


folder 35 4


folder 36 4.1

Buffalo cult

folder 37 4.2

Buffalo, care of

folder 38 4.3

Buffalo milk

folder 39 4.4

Dairy herd

folder 40 4.4a


folder 41 4.4b

Sacred buffalo

folder 42 4.4c

Dairy ritual

folder 43 4.4d

Worsol priests

folder 44 4.4e

Kagvali priests

folder 45 4.4f

Ti priests

folder 46 4.5

Religious beliefs and mythology

Ctn. 15, folder 1 5.1


folder 2 5.2


folder 3 5.3

Spatial concepts

folder 4 5.4


folder 5 6.1

Ceremonies involving buffalo

folder 6 6.1a

Giving salt to buffalo

folder 7 6.1b

Modvart (temple) ritual

folder 8 6.1c

Buffalo migration

folder 9 6.1d

Calf sacrifice

folder 10 6.1e

Pasture burning

folder 11 6.2

Rites of passage

folder 12 6.2a

Pregnancy and childbirth

folder 13 6.2b


folder 14 6.2c

Betrothal and wedding

folder 15 6.2d


folder 16 6.2e


folder 17 6.2f

Death and funeral customs

folder 18 6.3


folder 19 6.3a

Building and thatching

folder 20 6.3b


folder 21 6.3c

Readmittance to tribe

folder 22 6.4

Prayers and vows

folder 23 6.4a


folder 24 6.4c

Cultural exhibitions

folder 25 6.5

Ceremonies and rituals

folder 26 7.1


folder 27 7.2

Songs and dances

folder 28 7.3

Speeches and sayings

folder 29 7.4


folder 30 7.5

Etiquette and manners

folder 31 7.6

Drugs and alcohol

folder 32 7.7

Conflict resolution

folder 33 7.8

Wealth, poverty, money

folder 34 7.9


folder 35 8.1


folder 36 8.2

Noim (justice tribunal)

folder 37 8.2a


folder 38 8.2b


folder 39 8.2c


folder 40 9.1a


folder 41 9.1b

Legal cases

folder 42 9.1c

Family disputes

folder 43 9.2

Christian missionaries

folder 44 9.3


folder 45 9.4

Government intervention

folder 46 9.4a

Government officials

folder 47 9.4b

Government aid programs

folder 48 9.4c

New customs

folder 49 9.4d


folder 50 9.5

Old customs

folder 51 9.6


folder 52 9.8

Continuity and change

folder 53 10


Box 3, folder 1

Civilization and culture, notes 1952-1983

folder 2

Myth and history, notes 1938-1959

folder 3-6

Religion, notes 1959-1982

folder 7

Society and social structures, notes 1961

folder 8

Values, notes 1950-1958