Register of the Paul W. Frillmann papers

Finding aid prepared by Grace Hawes
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 1998

Title: Paul W. Frillmann papers
Date (inclusive): 1941-1971
Identifier/Call Number: 75056
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 album box, 3 envelopes (3.6 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, orders, notes, and photographs relating to activities of the American Volunteer Group in China during World War II, American foreign relations with China, 1946-1950, and conditions in China during the Civil War. Digital copies of select records also available at 
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Frillmann, Paul, 1911-1972.


Collection is open for research. Digital copies of select records also available at 
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Paul W. Frillmann papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1975.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternate Forms Available

Digital copies of select records also available at 

Biographical Note

1911 Born
1936-1941 Missionary, Hankow, China
1941-1946 Chaplain and liaison to General Claire Chennault, American Volunteer Group ("Flying Tigers"), and Office of Stratetic Services (OSS) operative
1947-1954 American Consul, Mukden, Peking, Shanghai, Hong Kong
1954 Senior Associate, Harold L. Oram Company
1972 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence, memoranda, orders, notes, and photographs relating to activities of the American Volunteer Group in China during World War II, American foreign relations with China, 1946-1950, and conditions in China during the Civil War.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

China. Kong jun. American Volunteer Group.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
China--Foreign relations--United States.
China--History--Civil War, 1945-1949.
United States--Foreign relations--China.

Box 1


Scope and Contents note

Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.

General, 1946-1950


Unidentified, 1946-1967


Allman, N. F., 1949


Anderson, H. M., 1949


Baker, Gilbert, 1948


Ballachey, Frank, 1948


Barnes, George, 1946


Berkov, Robert H., 1947


Bourlin, D. G., 1944


Brewster, Harold N., 1948


Central Aircraft Manufacturing Co., 1942


Chao Shih-chai, 1946


Chase, A. S., 1946


Chen, Johnson, 1946


Chen, Shao, undated


Chennault, Claire L., 1948


Chi, T. D., 1946


China Foundation, The, 1948


Chou Tsi Ya, 1948


Clubb, O. Edmund, 1946


Columbia Country Club, Shanghai, 1948


Connors, W. Bradley, 1947-1948


Crow, W. H. (?), 1947


Davis, Mrs. Lewis, 1948


Drake, Waldo, 1949


Dzao, Mrs., 1948


Egan, William J. Convery, 1949


Fairbank, John K., 1946


Galkin, G., 1948


Gilpatric, Donald, 1948


Gow Mo-ch'uan, 1947


Gunn, Mrs. A., 1949


Handscomb, G. M., 1947


Havsky, S. B., 1948


Hopkins, Arthur H., 1949


Hsien Hsu-ming, 1947


Huang Chu-yong, 1948


Iverson, Lalla, 1948


Jones, Robert H., 1946


King, Basil and Lee Chun Fang, 1948


Klein, Otto, 1948-1949


Kuttner, F. A., 1949


Leber Chao Chia, undated


Leggate, Dr., 1947


Li Min Chin, 1947


Lie Chu, 1947


Liljestrand, S. H., 1966


Lin Chi-chun, 1948


Linthicum, Thomas, 1946


Liu, Hugo, 1946


Liu Sien-wei, 1949


Lurje, Walter, 1948


Mabie, Janet, 1949


Mahnke, Johanna K., 1948


Meng Chih, 1949


Muller, R. J., 1948


Musso, Victor, 1946


Newton, Elmer, 1949


North, Robert G., undated


Ou, Y. H., 1948


Patterson, L. D., 1947


Peoples, Jack, 1947


Rosholt, Malcolm D., 1965


Ryan, Dr., 1949


Scott, Richard C., 1947-1949


Service Recognition Board (Illinois), 1949


Sherrod, Bob, 1946


Shoemaker, Henry, 1947-1948


Sobbe, Hedwig, 1948


Stumpf, L., 1948


Tan Soo-hian, 1947


Tay, Paul, 1948


Time-Life, Inc., 1947


Tsui, T. L., 1946


United States. Department of State, 1946-1950


United States Education Foundation, 1948


United States. Veteran's Administration, 1946


Vietor, Dr. and Mrs., 1949


Walton, A., 1946


Ward, Angus, 1947


Williams, John M., 1971


Wilson, Earl J., 1949


Woodberry, Earle J., 1946


Yah Van (Kuen) Tsiang, 1948


Yan Chiang Ho, undated


Yang Tso-ngan, 1947


Yao, Mr., 1948


Yu Hsing, 1948


Yuan Lay, 1948

Box 2


Scope and Contents note

Lists, correspondence with families of deceased members, and other material relating to the American Volunteer Group, arranged as listed.



Lists of deceased and burial sites


Lists of members


Lists of personal effects






1941 September - 1942 July


1942 August - 1943 May


Tiger Rag, The

Boxes 2-3

SUBJECT FILE, 1941-1950

Scope and Contents note

Memoranda, reports, printed material, and other material, arranged alphabetically by title or subject.

Biographical material

Box 2

Certificates, awards


Education records


Employment records






Notes, notebook

Box 3

Printed material


Receipts, business records


Travel vouchers, passes, etc.


United States Army records


Birch, John


China - Communist Party




United States


Department of State


Department of the Army - Intelligence Section


Foreign relations - East (Far East)


Information Service (USIS)










Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

Box 4



Three certificates, 1947, 1950-1951

Photo file


Scope and Contents note

164 prints / 8 negatives / 3 envelopes / 1 oversize box
Envelope A

7 prints of Paul W. Frillmann; 9 prints of Paul W. Frillmann and others; 30 prints of Paul W. Frillmann officiating at American Volunteer Group (Flying Tiger) funerals; 5 prints of American Volunteer Group burials; 2 prints of cemetery where American Volunteer group members are buried, undated

Envelope B

31 prints of unidentified scenes; 65 prints of unidentified people; 8 negatives, undated

Envelope C

10 prints of portraits of American Volunteer Group members; 2 prints of American Volunteer Group members; 2 prints of General Claire L. Chennault; 1 print of General Claire L. and Mrs. Anna Chennault with unidentified person, undated

Album fD

1 photograph album, primarily prints of Chinese paintings; 1 picture of Paul W. Frillmann on woodblock, undated

Reading room workstation


Scope and Contents note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. government, released in full or in part. Available as PDF files. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover, thereunder by date of creation.

Records released in 2010, 1945-1949


Paul W. Frillman memo to Chief, SI, OSS, CT, "Report on Third War Area Activities," 1945 May 12


Department of State transmittal to certain American diplomatic and consular offices regarding department's white paper on China, with letter from Dean Acheson to the president, 1949 July 29