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Register of the George I. Duca Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: George I. Duca papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1819-1985
    Collection number: 75085
    Creator: Duca, George I., 1905-
    Extent: 107 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 1 envelope, 4 phonotape reels (45.5 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Diaries, correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, and photographs, relating to Romanian foreign policy and politics in the twentieth century, and to the Romanian royal family. Also available on microfilm (89 reels).
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Romanian, French, and English.

    Administrative Information


    Originals closed. Microfilm available for use.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], George I. Duca Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information



    Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat  to find the full extent of the collection.

    Alternative Forms of Material Available

    Also available on Microfilm (89 reels).

    Biographical Note

    1905 Born
    1928-1947 Romanian diplomat; held various diplomatic posts, including in Tokyo, Rio de Janeiro, and Washington, D.C.
    1939-1942 Recalled to Bucharest, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Political Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    1942 November While chargé d'affaires in Finland, Duca met informally with some close American friends who worked at the U.S. embassy in Stockholm. During their discussions, Duca informed them of Romania's willingness to break its alliance with the Nazis. He then reported these discussions to King Michael and to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    1943 August - 1947 While assigned to the Romanian legation in Sweden, he was asked by the leaders of the democratic opposition parties and King Michael to secretly contact the U.S. embassy and let it know of their plans to overthrow Romania's fascist government, led by Ion Antonescu
    1944 Duca carried out negotiations with both the American and Soviet embassies until the coup on August 23, when King Michael proclaimed that Romania was joining the allied forces
    1947 Moved to the United States
      Got involved in the relief movement for new Romanian refugees
    1954 Became an American citizen
      Active with relief work as Secretary of the Romanian Welfare in New York
    1958-1967 Lecturer as a member of the International PEN Club, whose cover he used for his work for the Free Europe Committee and for the Assembly of Captive European Nations (which he represented in Japan)
    1961-1975 Executive Director of Alliances Françaises, United States
    1975-1985 Part-time lecturer and student advisor at Stanford University
      Helped build the Romanian collections of the Hoover Institution Archives on the Stanford campus
    1982-1985 Contributor, Radio Free Europe
    1985 November 17 Died

    Scope and Content Note

    After 30 years of self-imposed exile, George Duca, a former Romanian diplomat, said: "My Romania has disappeared and never will be alive again" ( San Francisco Examiner, May 2, 1978, "The Monarchist Who Lost All: At 72, He's a Winner" by Peter King). Trying to recreate "his" Romania, he built a small island in the Hoover Archives: an invaluable research collection on Romanian modern history. Between 1975 and 1985, he donated to the archives the private papers of his father (former Prime Minister of Romania) and of almost fifty of his friends and collaborators, former politicians, diplomats and writers.
    George Duca's papers consist mainly of 120 notebooks of his diary (of significant importance are those from 1914-1949); his correspondence with various royal figures (including Queen Marie, Princess Ileana, and Queen Helen of Romania,), his family (including his father, Ion Duca), and Romanian émigré leaders; his memoirs, Cronica unui Român in veacul XX, including an English translation, and his reports from Japan (where he worked for the Free Europe Committee, under the cover of the International PEN Club) to the Free Europe Committee and the Assembly of Captive European Nations (see Career file, box 98).
    George Duca's collection also contains a large number of remarkable prints. Among them, hundreds depicting members of the Romanian royal family, which constitute one of the most impressive photographic collections regarding the Romanian royal family abroad. These are to be found not only in the PHOTOGRAPHS series, but also in the DIARIES series.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.


    Marie, Queen, consort of Ferdinand I, King of Romania, 1875-1938.
    Romania--Court and courtiers.
    Romania--Foreign relations.
    Romania--Politics and government--1914-1944.



    Genres and Forms of Material