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This collection consists of letters and documents related to the government of the municipality of Monterey, California, primarily during the period 1828-1854.
The town of Monterey, California, founded by the Spanish as a presidio in 1770, remained under the rule of New Spain until the Mexican government took control in 1822. During the Mexican period, the city was governed by an Ayuntamiento and an alcalde. Walter Colton became the first American alcalde of Monterey on July 28, 1846, serving during this formative period when the territory was under the rule of United Staets military governors. California officially became a U.S. possession in 1848, and after obtaining statehood in 1850 the Ayuntamiento became the Common Council, and a mayor was elected in place of the alcalde.
10 Linear Feet (8 boxes)
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