Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Inventory of the Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Animal Industry, Bureau of Animal Health Records
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (58.81 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Agency History

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Animal Industry, Bureau of Animal Health Records
    Inventory: F3911
    Creator: Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Animal Industry, Bureau of Animal Health
    Repository: California State Archives
    Sacramento, California
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the California State Archives. Permission for reproduction or publication is given on behalf of the California State Archives as the owner of the physical items. The researcher assumes all responsibility for possible infringement which may arise from reproduction or publication of materials from the California State Archives collections.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Animal Industry, Bureau of Animal Health Records, F3911, California State Archives.

    Agency History

    The earliest state involvement in the systematic control of animal diseases dates to 1919 (Chapter 325) with the creation of the Dept. of Agriculture, Division of Animal Industry, Livestock Disease Control Service. In 1934 this office was supplanted by the Livestock Sanitary Service. The Bureau of Animal Health was created in 1962.
    The Bureau is responsible for the detection, control, eradication, and prevention of harmful animal diseases. Detection activities include surveillance, examination, testing, and autopsies performed both in the field and in laboratories. Control is accomplished through vaccination, testing, and elimination of infected animals, cleaning and disinfection of trucks and premises, and restriction of animal movement by hold orders, quarantines, or controlled destination movement permits for animals with disease, exposed to disease, or contaminated with harmful substances. Eradication efforts focus on state and USDA programs to break the cycle of infection by test and removal of infected animals, sterilization methods, sanitation of hatching eggs, and herd treatment for external parasites. Owners of removed animals are in some cases indemnified for a portion of the animal's value. Preventive measures are directed against the entry of diseases which do not currently exist in California. This includes destroying ship and aircraft garbage, inspecting imported animals, disease monitoring and edcational efforts, and quarantines when applicable. The Bureau also works to prevent the fraudulent drugging of horses that would alter their disposition in a public sale or performance.
    The records described below constitute a rich source of information concerning the state's efforts to control various animal diseases, in particular, brucellosis in cattle, Newcastle disease (chickens and turkeys), vesicular exanthema (hogs), foot and mouth disease (cattle), scrapie (sheep), and tuberculosis.