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Finding Aid for the George Pigeon Clements Papers, 1825-1945
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Container List

Boxes 1-21


Box 22


Boxes 23-34


Boxes 35-38

Botanical garden.

Boxes 39-43

Business and commerce.

Boxes 44-45

War and post-war.

Boxes 46-49


Boxes 50-53

Public health.

Boxes 54-72


Boxes 73-77


Boxes 78-79



Description of Some Items (Boxes 54-81)


The first group inspected was labeled Agriculture (15).
Boxes 54, 55

Composed entirely of two government publications: The Land Service Bulletin, published by the General Land Office of the Department of the Interior, from December 1931-June 1933; also, the Land Policy Review, by the AAA of the Department of Agriculture, from March 1935 to April 1938, with some duplications and omissions.

Box 56

Composed chiefly of Foreign Agriculture, put out by the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agriculture Economics, from January 1937-June 1940. Also, The Mission IndianJune 1939 number, published by the Department of the Interior, Indian Field Service.

Boxes 57, 58

Various pamphlets from various sources on agriculture, including much on crop statistics, covering 1927-1936.

Boxes 59

Highly miscellaneous. Interesting pamphlet by Southern Pacific Railroad (n.d.) entitled California for the Settler, dealing with need for farmers in the state. Otherwise, mainly various levels of government publications, (some private) dealing mainly with citrus. Some on agricultural production, agricultural work and appropriations.

Boxes 60

Consists entirely of various state publications and reports re agriculture. A few 1940 issues of China Monthly.

Box 61

Various government publications re various aspects of agriculture. Contains one possibly valuable copy of The Rural Californian (Los Angeles) for February 1895 (vol.18 no.2). Several U.S. Department of Commerce publications.

Box 62

Miscellaneous documents re migrant labor: strikes by Mexicans at El Monet, Grapes of Wrath, etc. Some letters and talks by Clements. Valuable stuff. Chamber of Commerce meetings on the problem and reports. Some as late as 1939.

Box 63

Information, mainly federal, (reports of hearings chiefly) re migrant labor, chiefly Mexican, chiefly in the 1920s. Some miscellaneous pamphlets on the subject from various sources, mainly private.

Box 64

More material re migratory labor, chiefly in the 1930s, the influx, housing, unrest. Much documentary material compiled by various agencies. One packet of highly-confidential (so marked) materials re strikes (especially the milk strike of 1934) prepared for submission to the LaFollette Committee hearings on California labor.

Boxes 65,66

Pamphlets, including a few issues of the Land Policy Review of 1939, and some valuable manuscript materials chiefly on land policy. Also, on resettlement, a bit on housing, migration to California. Mostly 1930s. Something on Secretary Tugwell's project for government-run canneries. (This latter in all probability confidential material). A valuable handbook included, the California Development Association's A Survey of Economic Research and Sources of Data re California, (n.d.).

Boxes 67,68

Highly miscellaneous bundle. One small packet on migratory labor, opinions on Carey McWilliams' Factories in the Fields, by Roy Pike and others, and a great deal of Chamber of Commerce statistical information re crop production in Southern California in the late 1920s-1930s. But again, highly variegated. Material re several agricultural conferences.

Box 69

Consists entirely of two bound volumes of International Harvester Company pamphlets on agriculture.

Boxes 70,71

Highly, miscellaneous. Some government publications. About one-third devoted to agricultural prorate work, especially prunes. Much data on miscellaneous agricultural production.

Box 72

Highly miscellaneous. Much manuscript material, dealing chiefly with 1939 land problems. Carey McWilliams' Factories in the Field hit hard. Some government materials. Migrant labor, land values; interesting letter here re Tugwell's Resettlement Administration program. Rural rehabilitation.

Box 80

Valuable file of materials re Mexican immigrant labor situation 1929-1934.

Scope and Content Note

Mainly letters. A very valuable packet. Almost entirely manuscript material.
Box 81

Oversize Agriculture--charts, diagrams, etc.

Box 78

Letter Cases.


It is absolutely impossible to generalize with regard to the contents of this lettercase. It is an extremely variegated lot of material, almost entirely one-of-a-kind material, including pictures, letters, memoranda, and circulars. A considerable group of data concerns various real estate interests (holdings or simply interests) of Mr. Clements.
I made only three specific citations:
  • 1-27-25: A long, heartfelt memo to Manager (of Chamber of Commerce) Arnoll threatening in effect to resign over misrepresentations by Mr. Richard Pridham. Details of the matter not given.
  • 3-20-23: The Chamber of Commerce apparently quite loyal to Clements. A Godfrey Edwards wrote to Chamber protesting Clements' remarks to an Eagle Rock group attacking proposed annexation to Los Angeles. The Chamber solidly backed Clements' freedom of speech as an individual in this matter.
  • 4-26-26: A long letter to a Mr. Bert sets forth efforts to obtain a botanical garden for Los Angeles. This is a well-organized and careful outline of the project.
Box 79

Letter Cases January-December 1930.


This again is a highly-variegated collection of letters, documents, memoranda, circulars, and ephemera. It is, I should say, much more valuable in the historical sense than the other letter case, not only in the amount of material present, but also in that there seems to be a good deal in connection with various topics of importance. Some of these topics will be indicated:
  • A considerable amount of correspondence dealing with Mr. Hecke, the State Director of Agriculture, including a few bits of correspondence from Governor Young.
  • Some correspondence on the Commission Merchant Act.
  • Considerable material, most of it in the form of letters to Knowles Ryerson, on water rights and water conservation problems. This material is scattered throughout the letter case.
  • A bit of material strongly attacking the administration in Washington for its agricultural policy in general, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in particular.
  • Some correspondence with Mr. H.S. Hazeltine, president of the American Fruit Growers' Association, on various matters, including one letter attacking the Federal Farm Board as being a misconception of the methods of handling the agricultural problem. Considerable material to and from Hazeltine on agricultural production data. One letter from Hazeltine discusses the duty of the government to aid the farmer with information, storage, and loans.
  • Correspondence with Lee Strong, Chief Quarantine Officer, U.S. Department of Agriculture, on various matters, of which background is missing. Strong language re an article by Mr. G.F. Ferris in the New Republic on plant quarantine procedure.
  • One letter indicates that Mr. Clements apparently was asked to serve on a committee to investigate the waters of California under Mr. Andre Nordskog, but apparently refused.
  • The material in general seems to be quite rich and broad in scope. However, without some general background and orientation, it would be most difficult to work with this material. Considerable additional material is required.