Overview of the Collection
Scope and Content
Overview of the Collection
Title: Hamlin Garland Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1757-1973
Bulk dates: 1910-1941
Collection Number: mssGD 1-1158
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Abstract: This collection contains the papers of American novelist, playwright, and author Hamlin Garland (1860-1940)
and consists primarily of letters written by Garland to his wife Zulime Mauna (Taft)
Garland and to his daughters. Subject matter chiefly includes biographical information on Garland,
his literary activities while on the lecture circuit, his experiences in England and Europe in 1924-1925, and general family
matters. Business correspondence is concentrated in the years 1930-1940.
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The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the
[Identification of item]. Hamlin Garland Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
The majority of collection was purchased from Mary Isabel (Garland) Johnson Lord in 1968. 39 additional letters purchased
from Constance (Garland) Harper Doyle in March 1968 have been incorporated into the collection.
Hamlin Garland (1860-1940) was an American novelist, playwright, and author. Born on September 14, 1860, and raised on farms
in Wisconsin and the Midwest, Garland was
provided early on with the practical experience of farm and mid-western life that was to become the foundation for his realistic
style of writing and unsentimental accounts of
farm life in both his fictional and non-fictional accounts.
Garland's literary career did not begin until 1884 when he left the West for Boston. He was just able to support himself teaching
and lecturing on literature, and writing for
journals such as the
Harper's Weekly, and
Century. Only a portion of
his writing dealt with reviewing or discussing literature; mainly Garland expressed his own views of life in the West through
fiction, non-fiction, and verse. His early
writings were praised for their accurate depiction of farm life in the Midwest. His famous
Son of the Middle Border (1917) was based on the life
of his father, Richard Garland, and the Pulitzer Prize-winning
Daughter of the Middle Border (1921) traced the homestead life of his mother, Isabelle Charlotte (McClintock) Garland.
The popularity of these books prompted him to continue putting his family saga down on paper. The result was a series of books
that cover his father's boyhood, his parents' lives, and his own life
until roughly 1928.
Garland married Zulime Mauna Taft (1870-1942) in 1899, sister to sculptor Lorado Taft. Though the Garlands lived in Chicago
and New York, they spent summers in West Salem,
Wisconsin, and upstate New York. The Garlands had two children, Mary Isabel (Garland) Johnson Lord (1903-1988) and Constance
(Garland) Harper Doyle (1907-1988).
Garland spent the last 10 years of his life residing in Hollywood, California, mainly occupied by an interest researching
psychic phenomena. He also continued to write articles
and books, and to give lectures for various literary groups. He died on March 5, 1940.
The Beginnings of Naturalism in American Fiction. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. 1950.
Hamlin Garland, A Biography. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1960.
Hamlin Garland: Newspaper and Periodical Publications, 1885-1895: A Bibliography. Bulletin of Bibliography. Vol. 22, no. 2. Jan.- Apr. 1957.
Pizer, Donald, ed.
Hamlin Garland's Diaries. The Huntington Library, San Marino. 1968.
Contemporary Authors, vol. 104, p. 160.
Dictionary of Literary Biography, vol. 12, pp. 203-212; vol. 71, pp. 71-81; vol. 78, pp. 179-194.
National Cyclopedia of American Biography, vol. 8, p. 37.
Scope and Content
This collection primarily contains the personal papers of American writer Hamlin Garland, chiefly dealing with various family
matters, Garland's experience travelling abroad and in the United States, and publication
matters. The collection also contains diaries and notebooks from Garland's European and domestic travels.
The correspondence consists chiefly of letters written by Garland to his wife, Zulime Mauna (Taft) Garland, and daughters,
Mary Isabel (Garland) Johnson Lord, and Constance (Garland) Harper
Doyle. The letters chiefly contain biographical
information on Garland: his literary activities while on the lecture circuit, books and articles in progress, work with publishers,
and general family matters. His business correspondence is
concentrated in the years 1930-1940.
A large number of letters to his daughter, Mary Isabel (Garland) Johnson Lord, during the years 1936-1937 describe his
activities with Mr. & Mrs. Parent and his
searches for buried Spanish and Indian crosses which lead to the published work,
The Mystery of the Buried Crosses. Another large group of letters to his family shares his
experiences in England and Europe in 1924 and 1925.
The collection is arranged in the following 7 series:
1. Diaries (Boxes 1-6)
- 2. Notebooks (Boxes 7-8)
- 3. Manuscripts (Boxes 9-10)
- 4. Correspondence (Boxes 11-27)
5. Scrapbooks (Box 28)
- 6. Ephemera (Box 29).
- 7. Oversize folders (GD 1159-1166)
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940 -- Archives.
American literature -- 20th century.
Authors, American -- 19th century -- Archives.
Authors, American -- 20th century -- Archives.
Diaries -- United States.
Ephemera -- United States.
Letters (correspondence) -- United States.
Manuscripts for publication -- United States.
Notebooks -- United States.
Garland, Zulime Mauna Taft, correspondent.