Register of the E. S. Gosney Papers And Records Of The Human Betterment Foundation, 1880-1945

Processed by David A. Valone and Jennifer Stine; machine-readable finding aid created by Michael C. Conkin
California Institute of Technology
1200 East California Blvd.
Mail Code 015A-74
Pasadena, CA 91125
Phone: (626) 395-2704
Fax: (626) 793-8756
© 1998
California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.

Register of the E. S. Gosney Papers And Records Of The Human Betterment Foundation, 1880-1945


California Institute of Technology

Pasadena, California

Contact Information:

  • Archives
  • California Institute of Technology
  • 1200 East California Blvd.
  • Mail Code 015A-74
  • Pasadena, CA 91125
  • Phone: (626) 395-2704
  • Fax: (626) 793-8756
  • Email:
  • URL:
Processed by:
David A. Valone and Jennifer Stine
Date Completed:
October 1995; Updated July 1998
Encoded by:
Michael C. Conkin
© 1998 California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: E. S. Gosney Papers And Records Of The Human Betterment Foundation,
Date (inclusive): 1880-1945
Creator: Gosney, E. S. (Ezra Seymour), 1855-1942.
Extent: Linear feet: 28
Repository: California Institute of Technology. Archives.
Pasadena, California 91125
Language: English.

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research, except: files in Section VI and others containing personal information on patients. Application for access to restricted portions of the collection should be addressed to the Caltech Archivist with a research justification.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the California Institute of Technology Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of the Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the California Institute of Technology Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item, Box and file number], E. S. Gosney Papers And Records Of The Human Betterment Foundation, Archives, California Institute of Technology.

Description of Collection

This collection contains the papers and records of the Human Betterment Foundation and its founder and principal donor, E. S. Gosney. The Human Betterment Foundation was established in 1929 as a non-profit organization dedicated "to foster and aid constructive and educational forces for the protection and betterment of the human family in body, mind, character, and citizenship." In practice, the Foundation advocated the reproductive sterilization of the socially and mentally unfit in accordance with the principles of eugenics, a doctrine of human social and physical improvement through selective breeding first laid down by Francis Galton. Being a non-profit organization, the Human Betterment Foundation restricted its activities to research into the personal and social effects of sterilizations carried out under the California sterilization law of 1909.
Upon the death of Mr. Gosney in 1942, Lois Gosney Castle, E. S. Gosney's daughter, assumed stewardship of the Foundation. In keeping with the aims of her father and of the Foundation, Mrs. Castle liquidated the assets of the Human Betterment Foundation and contributed the proceeds to the California Institute of Technology. Under the terms of that gift, the Institute established a Gosney research fellowship administered by the Division of Biology. This fellowship, intended to carry on the spirit of the Foundation's work for the betterment of the human condition, has been used to support post-doctoral research "in those branches of biological science basic to our understanding of human welfare."
The Gosney--Human Betterment Foundation records were transferred from the Institute's Waverly warehouse to the Caltech Archives in 1968 as part of the transfer of assets undertaken by Lois Gosney Castle in 1942. Due to the existence of personal medical records in the files, however, the collection remained closed until 1992. Prior to the current reorganization, the records were divided into two parts. The first was contained in green standard sized boxes, and the second part was housed in large temporary storage bins. At the present time, only the first part, consisting of the nineteen boxes catalogued in this guide, has been processed and opened to scholars.
The Gosney papers are a major source for the study of the late stages of the American Eugenics Movement, as well as the history of social welfare and the legacy of the Progressive era. They also contain items relevant to the history of medicine and birth control in America, as well as documents relating to the condition and treatment of the socially and mentally disadvantaged. Contained in the papers of Lois Gosney Castle Troendle are several folders of biographical information on E. S. Gosney. Scholars interested in tracing the early history of the Human Betterment Foundation and the intellectual and social background in the eugenics movement should also consult that collection.
David Valone

February 1993


The remainder of the Gosney collection was processed in 1995. Forty boxes were added, bringing the total number to 59. This completes the processing of the Gosney collection.
As with the first part of the collection, the organization of the files closely resembles that in place when the files were found. There are a number of inconsistencies of which the researcher should be aware. First, there is no comprehensive file of Foundation publications. Various pamphlets and cover letters may be found in Gosney folders 4.4, 4.9, 9.13, Historical Files E. S. Gosney box Z17, and in the Biology Divisional Records folder 4.5. The latter also contains a general inventory of the Human Betterment Foundation papers made by Lois Gosney Castle before they were put in storage. Many of the subject files in the Gosney collection contain research for and drafts of the eleven papers that eventually were published together in Popenoe's "Sterilization for Human Benefit," a draft copy of which may be found in 28.3.
Second, there is much correspondence, particularly pre-1938, that is not contained in the correspondence files. Letters which illuminate the history of the Foundation and its various projects may be found in the sterilization subject files in Section III and the printed materials files in Section IV. Correspondence that sheds light on the beginnings of the Foundation may be found in 7.2, 7.13, 8.13, and 18.2. Interest in and attempts to influence legislation by the Foundation are scattered in the correspondence files, sterilization subject files and the printed materials files. In addition to being scattered, pre-1938 correspondence does not appear to be complete. Nevertheless, there is much useful information in the collection regarding the Foundation's activities. While the guide does give some indication of the contents of the files, it is highly recommended that researchers peruse as much of the collection as possible.
During the second phase of processing, two new sections were added to the collection. The first, Section V, is divided into four parts. Part A contains files that are closely related in content to the Sterilization subject files in Section III. Parts B and C contain Paul Popenoe's analysis of the data collected from the two surveys made by the Foundation of sterilizations in California institutions. Popenoe, hired by Gosney in 1926, made the first survey that same year. The second, more comprehensive survey was made in 1933, apparently with the help of the participating institutions. Part D is comprised of survey data sheets. These contain much of the medical information the Foundation collected on patients without disclosing personal or family information. Attempting to make a complete set in the best way possible, original and first carbon copies were combined. They are organized alphabetically by institution rather than numerically. Based on extant first carbons, numerical order would have been as follows: 1-419 Norwalk Sterilizations; 800-999 Norwalk Controls; 1000-1613 Sonoma Sterilizations; 2000-2461 Patton Sterilizations; 3000-3723 Stockton Sterilizations; 4000-4392 Napa Sterilizations; 5000-5137 Agnews Sterilizations; 5800-5999 Agnews Controls; 6000-6100 Mendocino Sterilizations.
Section VI contains the Foundation's case histories of patients who were sterilized in California public institutions. These files and others containing personal information on the patients will remain closed to researchers until at least the year 2010.
Jennifer K. Stine

October 1995

"Eugenic Science in California"

Eugenic Science in California:

The Papers of E. S. Gosney and the Human Betterment Foundation

by David A. Valone
The eugenics movement continues to be an active and controversial site for historical research. One need not look far for the contemporary issues that sustain this interest, which include the fiftieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War, the explosion in interest in genetic manipulation engendered by the revolution in biotechnology, and a seeming revival of the social and political issues that came to the fore in the first two decades of this century including economic dislocations, internal dissent, and a rising tide of xenophobia.
While the general outlines of the history of the eugenics movement in the U.S. and Britain have been well established during the past two decades by several major monographs, much work remains to be done. One recent trend, initiated by the work of Mark Adams, is studies of eugenics movements in various national or regional contexts. Comparative studies, as well as investigations of the links among various national movements, are also shedding new light on both the social and scientific underpinnings of eugenics. There are also calls for a reevaluation of aspects of the standard historical model of the development of the movement, which include both an effort to broaden the notion of "eugenics" under a more encompassing model of social control and a reconsideration of the purely hereditarian cast of efforts at eugenic reform. 1
While controversies over eugenics will continue to touch upon many significant issues regarding historical interpretation, the theory and practice of science, and standards of public and private morality, the grounding for debate on the historical development of eugenics must continue to be founded upon the historical record as it has been preserved. Even given the limitation of such records, as Lily Kay recently reminded us, new archival sources allow historians to "increase the level of thoughtfulness and sophistication" of their histories. 2 A significant body of such material has recently become available at Caltech in the form of the E.S. Gosney/Human Betterment Foundation papers.
E. S. Gosney was the founder and President of the Human Betterment Foundation (HBF), a non-profit organization chartered in 1929 with the intention "to foster and aid constructive and educational forces for the protection and betterment of the human family in body, mind, character, and citizenship." These theoretical goals were put into practice primarily through the distribution of literature on eugenic sterilization, particularly detailed case studies drawn from the sterilizations of those judged mentally defective under the California sterilization laws passed in 1909. During the period of its operation, the Foundation undertook research on the physiological, mental, and social effects of sterilization, and distributed informational pamphlets on eugenic sterilization and social hygiene.
Gosney was born on a farm in Kenton County, Kentucky, in 1855. His father died when Gosney was nine, and four years later his mother moved the family to Texas. At 17, he left home and began working his way through college, eventually graduating from Richmond College in Missouri in 1877, and taking a law degree from the St. Louis School of Law three years later. Gosney eventually settled in the territory of Arizona, an area just emerging from its "Old West" era. There he set up a successful law practice in Flagstaff, and also became involved in the financing of a number of businesses, particularly in the sheep and cattle breeding industry. He organized the Arizona Wool Growers' Association to fight for the rights of small stock farmers who faced elimination at the hand of land speculators and the railroad companies. As part of this battle, he also fought for and eventually won the transfer of management of the U.S. Forest Reserve from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Agriculture. 3
Around 1905, Gosney began spending his winters in Pasadena and soon decided to relocate to Southern California, in part to provide a more refined environment for the education of his two daughters. He quickly became a leading member of the Pasadena business community, buying up citrus fields and real estate in the still sparsely populated San Gabriel valley, east of Los Angeles. In 1906, he became the principle financier and chairman of the board of trustees of the Polytechnic Elementary School, an institution dedicated to providing high quality elementary education. Gosney also became very active in the leadership of the California branch of the Boy Scouts of America.
While in Pasadena, Gosney became a close associate of Paul Popenoe, who was then serving as the director of the Institute of Family Relations in Los Angeles. Together, Popenoe and Gosney began an extended study of the medical, legal, and social aspects of the sterilizations being carried out under the terms of the California Sterilization Laws at the Sonoma State Hospital and other state institutions. The results of this work, entitled "Sterilization for Human Betterment," were published in 1929. In that same year, Gosney set up the HBF and gathered a membership of twenty-five leading scientists, philanthropists, and community leaders including Popenoe and Lewis Terman, David Starr Jordan, William B. Munro and Otis Castle.
During the next thirteen years, the HBF continued to carry out research on the effects of sterilization and undertook widespread distribution of "Sterilization for Human Betterment" to individuals, public libraries, and schools. During this period, ties between the HBF and its Pasadena neighbor, Caltech, also began to grow. Robert Millikan, who shared aspects of Gosney's vision for human progress and also had an eye for potential donors to Caltech, joined the board of the HBF in 1937. Shortly before Gosney's death in 1942, he also courted Thomas Hunt Morgan's support for his Foundation. 4
Lois Gosney Castle assumed the leadership of the Foundation upon her father's death. Together with the HBF's Board of Trustees, she decided to liquidate the assets of the Foundation and turn the proceeds over to Caltech. In 1943, an agreement was drawn up between the HBF and Caltech, wherein Caltech agreed to use the Foundation's assets to set up the Gosney research fund, which would be administered by the Division of Biology. This fellowship, intended to carry on the spirit of the Foundation's work for the betterment of the human condition, has been used to support post-doctoral research "in those branches of biological science basic to our understanding of human welfare." 5
The Gosney/Human Betterment Foundation records were transferred to the Caltech Archives from the Institute's Waverly warehouse in 1968, where they had been stored after the dissolution of the Foundation. The collection, however, remained closed to researchers due to legal issues relating to personal medical records in the collection. At the present time researchers may not have access to these files. The rest of the collection was opened to researchers in 1993 after the legal concerns were resolved. At that time I began a rough sorting of the collection, although most of the files remain as they were left by Lois Gosney Castle in 1942. The collection is broadly divided into six categories:
  • I. Human Betterment Foundation--Records, Research and Personal Correspondence
  • II. Correspondence Files--by Country and State
  • III. Sterilization-Papers, Data, Correspondence
  • IV. Printed Material--Journals, Articles, Laws, Clippings
  • V. Sterilization survey Data
  • VI. Case Histories [all files closed]
The manuscript portions of the collection will provide researchers with important new insights into what has been widely accepted as a period of decline for eugenics in America, at least in terms of its scientific respectability. In particular, many details of Gosney's and Paul Popenoe's research into the effects of human sterilization deserve more extensive investigation. The records in the Gosney collection, in addition, amply document the enduring popular appeal of eugenics, and also provide more insights into the international dimensions of eugenic thought.
Interesting manuscripts and letters from both Gosney and Popenoe are present in significant number in the collection, including this condemnation of German eugenic theory by Gosney dated 9 September 1940: "We have little in this country to consider in racial integrity. Germany is pushing that. We should steer clear of it lest we should be misunderstood." 6 The timing of this statement, however, a year after the beginning of hostilities in Europe, must be considered in judging Gosney's view of the German eugenic movement, which he had been following closely with Popenoe since the mid-1930s. On the other hand, there can be little question about Gosney's vehement anti-Catholicism aimed at the group that represented one of the HBF's most vocal critics. These aspects of the HBF's agenda are just two of the many interesting issues waiting to be further explored in this collection.
1 Mark B. Adams, ed., The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil and Russia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990). Philip J. Pauly, "Essay Review: The Eugenics Industry--Growth or Restructuring?" Journal of the History of Biology 26 (Spring 1993): 131-145. Lily Kay, The Molecular Vision of Life: Caltech, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Rise of the New Biology (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).
2 Lily Kay, "Constructing Histories of Twentieth-Century Experimental Life Science: The Promise and Peril of Archives," The Mendel Newsletter, New Series, No. 2 (November 1992): 4.
3 Information on Gosney's life can be found in the Gosney collection as well as in the papers of Lois Gosney Castle Troendle, and in the Caltech Historical Files under "Gosney, Ezra Seymour (1855-1942)," both in the Caltech Archives.
4 E.S. Gosney/Human Betterment Foundation Papers, Box 1.4.
5 George Wells Beadle, "The Gosney Research Fund," Engineering and Science 10 (May 1947): 27.
6 E.S. Gosney/Human Betterment Foundation Papers, Box 1.2

Related Collections

For additional material relating to the Human Betterment Foundation and E. S. Gosney, see the papers of Lois Gosney Castle Troendle, the Historical Files boxes A 3.1 and Z 17, and the Biology Divisional Records boxes 4.5 and 33-34.


Section I: Human Betterment Foundation--Records, Research and Personal Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 1.1

Annual Meetings 1937-38, 1938-39

Folder 1.2


Folder 1.3


Folder 1.4


Folder 1.5


Folder 1.6

Articles by the Human Betterment Foundation Staff

Folder 1.7

Audit--CPA Lawson

Folder 1.8

Blood Groups and Heredity

Folder 1.9

Birthright, Inc.

Box 2, Folder 2.1

California Department of Institutions


California Institute of Technology

Folder 2.2

E. C. Barrett and W. R. Scott

Folder 2.3

J. M. Lloyd

Folder 2.4

Mr. Nash

Folder 2.5


Folder 2.6

Mr. Paul Youtz

Folder 2.7

Case Studies of Insanity in Women

Folder 2.8

Charity Case Studies

Folder 2.9

Code for Eugenic Survey [file closed]

Folder 2.10

Corporate Documents, Members, Trustees

Folder 2.11

Correctional Institutions

Box 3, Folder 3.1

Dissolution of Foundation

Folder 3.2

Eugenic Questions and Answers

Folder 3.3

Federal Taxes

Folder 3.4

Feeblemindedness and Sterilization MSS

Folder 3.5

Forms--Blank--Business and Taxes

Folder 3.6

Future of Human Betterment Foundation Prior to Caltech Decision

Folder 3.7

Goethe, C. M.

Folder 3.8

Gosney MSS

Folder 3.9

Gosney Ranch

Box 4, Folder 4.1

Gosney Ranch--Cucamonga

Folder 4.2

Gosney Ranch--Sierra Madre

Folder 4.3

Hospital and Prison Correspondence

Folder 4.4

Human Betterment FoundationCIncorporation and Tax Documents

Folder 4.5

List of Libraries Sent "28 Years"

Folder 4.6

List of Private Institutions for Mental Disease and Deficiencies

Folder 4.7

List of State Hospitals for the Insane and Feebleminded


Mailing Lists

Folder 4.7.1

to 1941

Folder 4.7.2


Folder 4.8

Miscellaneous Brochures

Folder 4.9

Office Supplies and Printing

Folder 4.10

"The Progress of Human Sterilization" MS

Folder 4.11

Post Office Permits

Folder 4.12


Box 5, Folder 5.1

Security Office Building

Folder 5.2

Special Mailing List of Individuals and Institutions

Folder 5.3

State Unemployment Insurance and Compensation

Folder 5.4

Studies in Criminality


Section II: Correspondence Files--by Country and State

Box 5, Folder 5.5


Folder 5.6


Folder 5.6.1


Folder 5.7

American Eugenics Society--Southern California

Folder 5.8

American Institute of Family Relations--Poponoe

Folder 5.9


Folder 5.10


Folder 5.11


Folder 5.12


Folder 5.13


Folder 5.14


Folder 5.15

Birthright--Mrs. P. Norton



Folder 5.16


Folder 5.17


Folder 5.18


Folder 5.19


Folder 5.20


Folder 5.21


Box 6, Folder 6.1


Folder 6.2


Folder 6.3


Folder 6.4


Folder 6.5


Folder 6.6


Folder 6.7


Folder 6.8


Folder 6.9


Folder 6.10


Folder 6.11


Folder 6.12


Folder 6.13


Folder 6.14


Folder 6.15

Canadian Eugenics Society

Folder 6.16

Central America

Folder 6.17


Folder 6.18

China--Yenching University

Folder 6.19


Folder 6.20


Folder 6.21


Folder 6.22

District of Colombia

Folder 6.23

D. C.--Population Association of America

Box 7, Folder 7.1

D. C.--U. S. Departments

Folder 7.2

Early Correspondence

Folder 7.3


Folder 7.4

England--Eugenics Society

Folder 7.5


Folder 7.6


Folder 7.7


Folder 7.8


Folder 7.9


Folder 7.10


Folder 7.11


Folder 7.12


Folder 7.13


Box 8, Folder 8.1


Folder 8.2


Folder 8.3

Japan and Korea

Folder 8.4


Folder 8.5


Folder 8.6


Folder 8.7


Folder 8.8


Folder 8.9


Folder 8.10


Folder 8.11


Folder 8.12


Folder 8.13

Miscellaneous Correspondence

Folder 8.14

Misc. Correspondence--Legal and Business

Folder 8.15


Folder 8.16


Folder 8.16.1

Missouri--Betterment League

Folder 8.17


Folder 8.18


Folder 8.19


Folder 8.20

New Hampshire

Box 9

New Jersey

Folder 9.1


Folder 9.2


Folder 9.3

Sterilization League

Folder 9.4

New Mexico

Folder 9.5

New York A-B

Folder 9.6


Folder 9.7


Folder 9.8


Folder 9.9


Folder 9.10


Folder 9.11

American Eugenics Society

Folder 9.12

American Social Hygiene Association

Folder 9.13

North Carolina

Folder 9.14

North Dakota



Folder 9.15


Folder 9.16


Folder 9.17


Box 10, Folder 10.1


Folder 10.2


Folder 10.3

Oregon--Sterilization Procedure Blanks



Folder 10.4


Folder 10.5


Folder 10.6

American Association for Mental Deficiency

Folder 10.7

Philippine Islands

Folder 10.8

Puerto Rico

Folder 10.9

Rhode Island

Folder 10.10


Folder 10.11

Sonoma State Home--Dr. F. O. Butler

Folder 10.12

South America

Folder 10.13

South Carolina

Folder 10.14

South Dakota

Folder 10.15

South Dakota--Legislative File

Folder 10.16


Folder 10.17


Folder 10.18


Folder 10.19


Folder 10.20


Box 11, Folder 11.1


Folder 11.2


Folder 11.3

West Indies

Folder 11.4

West Virginia

Folder 11.5


Folder 11.6



Section III: Sterilization--Papers, Data, Correspondence

Box 11, Folder 11.7

Articles on Sterilization

Folder 11.8


Folder 11.9

Cooper Case, Ann Hewitt

Folder 11.10

Copies of Present California Laws and Comments

Folder 11.11

Correspondence Regarding Sterilization [file closed]

Folder 11.12

Correction to Sterilization Statistics in California

Box 12, Folder 12.1

Effects of Salpingectomy on Sexual Life

Folder 12.2

History of Sterilization

Folder 12.3

Marriages after Sterilization

Folder 12.4

Miscellaneous Data Relating to Legal Points

Folder 12.5

Mother's Clinic Data

Folder 12.6

Number Needing Sterilization

Folder 12.7

Pasadena Cases

Folder 12.8

Physicians Questionnaires

Folder 12.9

Private Sterilizations--Female

Box 13, Folder 13.1

Private Sterilizations--Male

Folder 13.2

Rate of Reduction of Feeblemindedness through Sterilization

Folder 13.3

Restoration of Fertility After Sterilization

Folder 13.4

Roman Catholic Views of Sterilization

Folder 13.5

Rosanoff Data

Folder 13.6

Savings to State through Sterilization

Folder 13.6.1

Report of Cases Sterilized [file closed]



Folder 13.7

Case records [file closed]

Box 14, Folder 14.1

Correspondence regarding 1934 Survey [file closed]

Folder 14.2

Data and Notes

Folder 14.2.1

Data--Case Summaries [file closed]

Folder 14.3


Folder 14.4

Economic and Social Status of Insane

Folder 14.5

Exogenous Factors in Feeblemindedness

Folder 14.6


Folder 14.7

Fecundity of Families Producing Feebleminded

Box 15, Folder 15.1

Fecundity of Insane

Folder 15.2

Fecundity of Feebleminded

Folder 15.3


Folder 15.4

Inquiries and Effects

Folder 15.5


Folder 15.6


Folder 15.7


Folder 15.8

Marriage Rates of the Insane

Box 16, Folder 16.1

Menstruation and Salpingectomy

Folder 16.2


Folder 16.3

Public Opinion

Folder 16.4

Social and Economic Status of the Sterilized Feebleminded

Folder 16.5

Questionnaires for Social Workers

Folder 16.6


Folder 16.7

Records--Napa Males--Extras [file closed]

Folder 16.8

Records--Norwalk Males--Extras [file closed]

Box 17, Folder 17.1

Records--Stockton Males--Extras [file closed]

Folder 17.2


Folder 17.3

Special Data and Correspondence

Folder 17.4

Success on Parole

Folder 17.5

Statistics From Foreign Countries

Folder 17.6

Stories--Case Summaries [file closed]

Folder 17.7

Stories of, and Cacogenic Stories

Folder 17.8

Stories of, from Case History Files

Box 18, Folder 18.1

Sterilization by Consent

Folder 18.2

Sterilization for Human Betterment--Comments

Folder 18.3

Sterilization of Feebleminded

Folder 18.4

Sterilization of Insane

Folder 18.5

Surgeons--List of Doctors Performing Sterilizations

Folder 18.6

Unpublished MSS on Sterilization

Folder 18.7


Folder 18.8

Vasectomy--Data Sheets; Sample Records

Folder 18.9

Vasectomy--Normal Male Histories

Folder 18.10

Wagner-Manslau, Willy


Section IV: Printed Materials--Journals, Articles, Laws, Clippings


Part A: Sterilization

Box 19, Folder 19.1

Articles on Birth Control and Miscellaneous Subjects

Folder 19.2

Articles on Eugenics and Miscellaneous Subjects

Folder 19.3

Articles on Sterilization and Miscellaneous Subjects

Folder 19.4


Folder 19.5

Recent Publications

Folder 19.6

Sterilization Articles

Folder 19.7

"Sterilization Procedure in California Institutions"


Part B: Printed Materials by Country and City

Box 20, Folder 20.1


Folder 20.2

Australia and New Zealand

Folder 20.3

Brazil--Boletin de Eugenia

Folder 20.4


Folder 20.5

Canada--British Columbia

Folder 20.6


Folder 20.7


Box 21, Folder 21.1


Folder 21.2


Folder 21.3


Folder 21.4


Folder 21.5


Folder 21.6


Folder 21.7

Germany--Sterilization Law

Box 22, Folder 22.1

Germany--Journals, Articles

Folder 22.2

Germany--Clippings and Misc.

Folder 22.3

Germany--Der Erbarzt

Box 23, Folder 23.1


Folder 23.2

Germany--Volksaufartung Erbkunde Eheberatung

Folder 23.3


Box 24, Folder 24.1

Holland--Ons Nageslacht

Folder 24.2


Folder 24.3


Folder 24.4


Folder 24.5


Box 25, Folder 25.1

Japan--Race Hygiene

Folder 25.2


Folder 25.3


Folder 25.4


Folder 25.5


Folder 25.6


Folder 25.7

Puerto Rico

Box 26, Folder 26.1


Folder 26.2

South America

Folder 26.3


Folder 26.4


Folder 26.5


Folder 26.6



United States (Misc.)

Folder 26.7

Birth Control Review

Folder 26.8

National Conference of Social Work

Folder 26.9



Section V: Sterilization Survey Data


Part A: Sterilization Data and Manuscripts

Box 27, Folder 27.1

All Insane--Libido after Sterilization

Folder 27.2

Attitude of Patients

Folder 27.3

Attitude of Relatives

Folder 27.4


Folder 27.5

Codes and Cost Projection for Data Analysis

Folder 27.6

Codes (for individual patients) [file closed]

Folder 27.7

Exogenous Factors in Etiology of Mental Deficiency

Folder 27.8

Feeblemindedness Data

Folder 27.9

Feeblemindness Manuscripts

Folder 27.10

Los Angeles Schools Data

Folder 27.11

Los Angeles Schools and California Data

Folder 27.12

Los Angeles, California Data to Discard

Box 28, Folder 28.1

Patients Sent to State Hospitals for Sterilization Only

Folder 28.2

Research Notes

Folder 28.3

Sterilization for Human Benefit MS--English

Folder 28.4

Sterilization for Human Benefit MS--German

Folder 28.5

Statistics--California to 1/1/34

Folder 28.6

Statistics--California (corrected) 1/1/35-38

Folder 28.7

Statistics--National 1928, 1930

Folder 28.8

Sterilized Insane; and 1935-36 Hospital Statistics

Folder 28.9

Summary of Names [file closed]


Part B: Survey Data Analysis

Box 29, Folder 29.1

All Controls, Female

Folder 29.2

All Controls, Male

Folder 29.3

All Sterilizations


All Sterilizations

Folder 29.4

Group A, Female

Folder 29.5

Group A, Male

Folder 29.6

Group B, Female (1927)

Folder 29.7

Group B, Male (1927)

Folder 29.8

Group C, Female (1927)

Folder 29.9

Group C, Male (1927)

Box 30, Folder 30.1

Agnews Controls, Female

Folder 30.2

Agnews Controls, Male

Folder 30.3

Norwalk Controls, Female

Folder 30.4

Norwalk Controls, Male

Folder 30.5

Agnews Sterilizations, Female

Folder 30.6

Agnews Sterilizations, Male

Folder 30.7

Index Cards--Case Histories [file closed]

Folder 30.8

Mendocino Sterilizations, Female

Folder 30.9

Mendocino Sterilizations, Male

Folder 30.10

Napa Sterilizations, Female

Folder 30.11

Napa Sterilizations, Male

Folder 30.12

Norwalk Sterilizations, Female

Folder 30.13

Norwalk Sterilizations, Male

Folder 30.14

Patton Sterilizations, Female (1927)

Folder 30.15

Patton Sterilizations, Male (1927)

Box 31, Folder 31.1

Sonoma Men and Women

Folder 31.2

Sonoma Sterilizations, Female (1927)

Folder 31.3

Sonoma Sterilizations, Male (1927)

Folder 31.3.1

Sonoma Sterlizations, Miscellaneous

Folder 31.4

Stockton Sterilizations, Female (1926)

Folder 31.5

Stockton Sterilizations, Male (1926)


Part C: Second Survey Data


Feebleminded Women

Folder 31.6


Folder 31.7


Folder 31.8


Box 32, Folder 32.1


Folder 32.2


Folder 32.3


Folder 32.4


Folder 32.5


Folder 32.6


Box 33, Folder 33.1


Folder 33.2


Folder 33.3


Folder 33.4


Folder 33.5


Folder 33.6


Folder 33.7


Box 34

Feebleminded Men

Folder 34.1


Folder 34.2


Folder 34.3


Folder 34.4


Box 35, Folder 35.1


Folder 35.2


Folder 35.3


Folder 35.4


Folder 35.5


Box 36, Folder 36.1

Data Summary--Insane Men and Women


Insane Women

Folder 36.2


Folder 36.3


Folder 36.4


Box 37, Folder 37.1


Folder 37.2


Folder 37.3

Salpingectomy & Vasectomy Cases [file closed]


Insane Men

Folder 37.4


Folder 37.5


Box 38, Folder 38.1


Folder 38.2


Folder 38.3

Charts Not Figured


Part D: Survey Data Sheets

Box 39, Folder 39.1

Agnews Controls, Men & Women, Original MSS

Folder 39.2

Agnews Controls, Men & Women

Folder 39.3

Agnews Sterilizations, Men & Women, First Survey

Folder 39.4

Case Records, Not Included [file closed]

Folder 39.5

List of Cases Sent to Mrs. Broomell [file closed]

Folder 39.6

Mendocino Sterilizations, Men & Women

Folder 39.7

Miscellaneous Manuscript Data [file closed]

Box 40, Folder 40.1

Miscellaneous, Private Practice [file closed]

Folder 40.2

Napa Sterilizations, Men & Women (I)

Folder 40.3

Napa Sterilizations, Men & Women (II)

Folder 40.4

Norwalk Controls, Men & Women, Original MSS

Folder 40.5

Norwalk Controls

Folder 40.6

Norwalk Sterilizations, Men & Women (I)

Box 41, Folder 41.1

Norwalk Sterilizations, Men & Women (II)

Folder 41.2

Patton, Male Sterilizations, First Survey

Folder 41.3

Patton Sterilizations, Men & Women, Carbons (I)

Folder 41.4

Patton Sterilizations, Men & Women, Carbons (II)

Folder 41.5

Salpingectomies in Private Practice (I)

Box 42, Folder 42.1

Salpingectomies in Private Practice (II)

Folder 42.1.1

Salpingectomies in Private Practice (III) [file closed]

Folder 42.2

Salpingectomies in Private Practice, Incomplete [file closed]

Folder 42.3

61 Cases in Los Angeles and Vicinity

Folder 42.4

61 Cases in Los Angeles and Vicinity, MSS [file closed]

Folder 42.5

Sonoma Females (Popenoe), not used [file closed]

Folder  42.6

Sonoma Sterilizations--Cases not Paroled (not used in survey)

Folder  42.7

Sonoma Sterilizations, Men & Women, Carbons (I)

Folder 42.8

Sonoma Sterilizations, Men & Women, Carbons (II)

Box 43, Folder 43.1

Sonoma Sterilizations, Men & Women, Carbons (III)

Folder 43.2

Stockton Sterilizations, Men & Women, First Survey (I)

Folder 43.3

Stockton Sterilizations, Men & Women, First Survey (II)

Folder 43.4

Stockton Sterilizations, Men & Women, First Survey(III)

Box 44, Folder 44.1

Vasectomies in Private Practice (1928)


Section VI: Case Histories


Box 44, Folder 44.2

Agnews Females, A-E [file closed]

Folder 44.3

Agnews Females, F-L [file closed]

Folder 44.4

Agnews Females, M-Z [file closed]

Folder 44.5

Agnews Females, Extras (Popenoe 1926 Survey) [file closed]

Folder 44.6

Agnews Males, A-Z [file closed]

Folder 44.7

Agnews Males, Extras (Popenoe 1926 Survey) [file closed]

Box 45 [Closed], Folder 45.1

Mendocino Females, A-Z

Folder 45.2

Mendocino Females, Extras (Popenoe 1926 Survey)

Folder 45.3

Mendocino Males, A-Z

Folder 45.4

Mendocino Males, Extras (Popenoe 1926 Survey)

Folder 45.5

Miscellaneous/Personal Follow-up (I)

Folder 45.6

Miscellaneous/Personal Follow-up (II)

Folder 45.7

Napa Females, A-Z

Box 46 [Closed], Folder 46.1

Napa Female Extras

Folder 46.2

Napa Males, A-Z

Folder 46.3

Norwalk Females, A-H

Folder 46.4

Norwalk Females, I-Q

Folder 46.5

Norwalk Females, R-Z

Box 47 [Closed], Folder 47.1

Norwalk Females, Extras

Folder 47.2

Norwalk Females, Popenoe Data

Folder 47.3

Norwalk Males, A-J

Folder 47.4

Norwalk Males, K-Z

Folder 47.5

Patton Males, A-Ba

Folder 47.6

Patton Males, Be-Bo

Box 48 [Closed], Folder 48.1

Patton Males, Br-Chu

Folder 48.2

Patton Males, Ci-Dy

Folder 48.3

Patton Males, Ea-Fi

Folder 48.4

Patton Males, Fl-G

Box 49 [Closed], Folder 49.1

Patton Males, H-Je

Folder 49.2

Patton Males, Ji-Ke

Folder 49.3

Patton Males, Ki-L

Folder 49.4

Patton Males, M

Folder 49.5

Patton Males, N-Q

Box 50 [Closed], Folder 50.1

Patton Males, R-Se

Folder 50.2

Patton Males, Sh-Te

Folder 50.3

Patton Males, Th-Wh

Folder 50.4

Patton Males, Wi-Z

Folder 50.5

Patton Males, Popenoe Data

Box 51 [Closed], Folder 51.1

Sonoma State Home Females, A-Ba

Folder 51.2

Sonoma State Home Females, Be-Bo

Folder 51.3

Sonoma State Home Females, Br-Ca

Folder 51.4

Sonoma State Home Females, Ce-Cu

Box 52 [Closed], Folder 52.1

Sonoma State Home Females, D

Folder 52.2

Sonoma State Home Females, E-F

Folder 52.3

Sonoma State Home Females, G

Folder 52.4

Sonoma State Home Females, Ha-Ho

Box 53 [Closed], Folder 53.1

Sonoma State Home Females, Hr-Ke

Folder 53.2

Sonoma State Home Females, Ki-L

Folder 53.3

Sonoma State Home Females, Mc A-Ma

Folder 53.4

Sonoma State Home Females, Me-N

Box 54 [Closed], Folder 54.1

Sonoma State Home Females, O-P

Folder 54.2

Sonoma State Home Females, Q-R

Folder 54.3

Sonoma State Home Females, Sa-Sil

Folder 54.4

Sonoma State Home Females, Sim-Sy

Box 55 [Closed], Folder 55.1

Sonoma State Home Females, T-Wa

Folder 55.2

Sonoma State Home Females, We-Z

Folder 55.3

Stockton State Hospital Females, A-B

Folder 55.4

Stockton State Hospital Females, C-E

Box 56 [Closed], Folder 56.1

Stockton State Hospital Females, F-J

Folder 56.2

Stockton State Hospital Females, K-M

Folder 56.3

Stockton State Hospital Females, N-R

Folder 56.4

Stockton State Hospital Females, S-T

Box 57 [Closed], Folder 57.1

Stockton State Hospital Females, U-Z

Folder 57.2

Stockton Females, Popenoe Data [1926]

Folder 57.3

Stockton State Hospital Males, A-B

Folder 57.4

Stockton State Hospital Males, C

Folder 57.5

Stockton State Hospital Males, D-E

Box 58 [Closed], Folder 58.1

Stockton State Hospital Males, F-G

Folder 58.2

Stockton State Hospital Males, H-J

Folder 58.3

Stockton State Hospital Males, K-L

Folder 58.4

Stockton State Hospital Males, M

Box 59 [Closed], Folder 59.1

Stockton State Hospital Males, N-Q

Folder 59.2

Stockton State Hospital Males, R-S

Folder 59.3

Stockton State Hospital Males, T-Z