Guide to the Mendez v. Westminster : research materials, 1879-1995

Processed by Special Collections staff; machine-readable finding aid created by C. Del Anderson
Department of Special Collections
Green Library
Stanford University Libraries
Stanford, CA 94305-6004
Phone: (650) 725-1022
© 1998
The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Mendez v. Westminster : research materials, 1879-1995

Collection number: M0938

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University Libraries

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Department of Special Collections
  • Green Library
  • Stanford University Libraries
  • Stanford, CA 94305-6004
  • Phone: (650) 725-1022
  • Email:
  • URL:
Processed by:
Special Collections staff
Date Completed:
Encoded by:
C. Del Anderson
© 1998 The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Mendez v. Westminster : research materials,
Date (inclusive): 1879-1995
Collection number: Special Collections M0938
Creator: Arriola, Christopher J.
Extent: 2 linear ft.
Repository: Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions


Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.


Gift of Christopher J. Arriola, 1997

Preferred Citation:

[Identification of item] Mendez v. Westminster : research materials, M0938, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.


Christopher Arriola is currently working for the Los Angeles District Attorney (1997). He received his J.D. from Boalt Hall School of Law, Univ. of California at Berkeley, 1995, and his A.B. from Stanford University, in 1992. He was originally a graduate of El Modena High School.

Scope and Content

The study of a legal case involving public school discrimination in the Orange County town of El Modena. The case, Mendez v. Westminster, traveled from then rural Orange County, all the way to the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco, where the court held that Mexican Americans could not be discriminated against on the basis of national origin. Arriola did a case study of Mexican school segregation in Orange County, in particular in El Modena, and legal analysis of the issues surrounding the Mendez case. Included are interviews, historical material, clippings, case abstracts, finished papers, etc.

Access terms

Danker, Esther.
Danker, Ralph.
Gobbel, J.D.
Gobbel, Marge.
Gomez, Daniel.
Gonzalez, Gilbert G.
Haas, Mary Lisbeth.
Mendez, Gonzalo--Trials, litigation, etc.
Quintana, Annie.
Rodriguez, Vince.
Torres, Bob.
Treff, Simon Ludwig.
Valenci, Oscar.
Westminster School District (Orange County, Calif.)
Discrimination in education--Orange County--History.
Educational law and legislation--Orange County.
Mexican Americans--Education.
Segregation in education--Law and legislation--United States.

Container List

Box 1, Folder 1

Christopher Arriola. "Knocking on the schoolhouse door: Mendez v. Westminster, equal protection, public education, and Mexican Americans in the 1940s," in La Raze Law Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2 1995

Box 1, Folder 2

Christopher Arriola. "Silent segregation; the history of Mexican-American school segregation in El Modena, Calif.," Senior Honors Thesis 1992

Box 1, Folder 3

Christopher Arriola. "Mendez v. Westminster (1946); a research pathfinder to Chicano legal history with an emphasis on equal protection and Orange County, Calif.," typescript, (2 copies). 1994

Box 1, Folder 4

El Modena intervies, typescripts. (Audio tapes are in box 3). Includes Annie Quintana, Bob Torres, Daniel Gomez, Ralph and Esther Danker, Marge and JD Gobbel, Oscar Valencia, and Vince Rodriguez. 1991

Box 1, Folder 5

Case reports (copies) 1895 - 1953

Box 1, Folder 6

Case abstracts 1879-1973

Box 1, Folder 7

Simon Ludwig Treff. "The Education of Mexican Children in Orange County," Masters thesis. 1934

Box 1, Folder 8

Mary Lisbeth Haas. "THe Barrios of Santa Ana; community, class, and urbanization, 1850-1947, " Ph.D. dissertation (photocopy) 1985

Box 1, Folder 9

Gilbert G. Gonzalez."Chicano Education in the Era of Segregation," Philadelphia; THe Balch Institute Press 1990

Box 2, Folder `1

Mendez briefs. Binder with Arriola's notes, etc. n.d.

Box 2, Folder 2

El Modena school segregation newspaper articles (Orange Daily News and others), (copies in binder) 1936-1945

Box 2, Folder 3

El Modena school segregation. Court transcripts. (Mendez v. Westminster) Binder

Box 3, Folder 1

El Modena school segregation documents (photocopies from various libraries).

Box 3, Folder 2

Interviews. (Arriola's annotated copies of transcripts - copies in box 1) 1991

Box 3, Folder 3

Seven audio tapes (transcripts in box 1) 1895 - 1953

Box 4, Folder 1

Orange Unified School District documents

Box 4, Folder 2

Shepard's/ALR annotations

Box 4, Folder 3


Box 4, Folder 4

Maps: municipal and zoning

Box 4, Folder 5-12

Mendez, Court appellate briefs & transcript of record (northern district)

Box 4, Folder 13

Indices of oral histories by topic

Box 4, Folder 14

Oral histories/CSU Fullerton/Orange interviews

Box 4, Folder 15

Mendez court documents & filings (southern district)

Box 4, Folder 16

Journal articles/McWilliams & Cook

Box 4, Folder 17

Mendez v. Westminster court documnets. 1945-1947

Box 4, Folder 18

Harvard Law Review articles

Box 4, Folder 19

Various articles

Box 4, Folder 20

El Modena School Board minutes, (photocopies) 1943 - 1953

Box 4, Folder 21

El Modena School. Teacher's Register, (photocopies) 1913 - 1919

Box 4, Folder 22

Orange County Department of Education statistics, (photocopies) 1860 - 1949