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Register of the Louis Raemaekers papers and artwork
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Title: Louis Raemaekers papers and artwork
    Date (inclusive): 1901-1941
    Collection Number: 44001
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 13 manuscript boxes, 29 oversize boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 album box, 4 envelopes, 2 map case drawers, 1 framed drawing (18.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: Cartoons, sketches, paintings, correspondence, clippings, newspaper issues, and photographs, relating primarily to World War I. Includes anti-German World War I cartoons, and cartoons relating to interwar world politics.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Raemaekers, Louis, 1869-1956


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Louis Raemaekers papers and artwork, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1944.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Searchworks at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Searchworks is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1869 April 6 Born at Roermond (Limburg), Netherlands, of a Dutch father (Josephus C. H., editor of a provincial newspaper) and a German mother
    Studied art in Amsterdam, Brussels, and Paris
    1892 Diploma, Art School, Amsterdam
    Portrait and landscape painter; professor of drawing and architecture at Wagemingen
    1902 Married Johanna Petronella van Mansvelt; had one son and two daughters
    1907 First cartoons appeared in the Algemeen Handelsblad, Amsterdam
    1909 February Joined the Amsterdam Telegraaf as a political cartoonist and caricaturist
    1914 September Ceased all other professional activity to dedicate himself to his anti-German campaign
    1915 Charged in the Dutch courts with endangering the neutrality of Holland - discharged
    1915 October-Nov. First exhibit of his cartoons given at the Fine Arts Society's Galleries in London
    1916 February "Manifestation Raemaekers" in Paris
      Presented with the Cross of the Legion of Honor
    1916 Spring Moved from Harlem to Sydenham, near London, in order to supply the Allied press around the world more readily
    1916 - 1918 Made frequent visits to the front in France
    1917 July-December Toured the United States on the request of David Lloyd George and drew cartoons for various newspapers, most notably the Hearst papers
    1919 April 7 Guest of honor at a luncheon party given by the Lord Mayor of London at the Mansion House
    Inter-war period Lived in Brussels, Belgium
      Campaigned in favor of the League of Nations and tried to alert public opinion to the danger of Nazism to world peace
    1940 June Emigrated to the United States via England
    Drew weekly cartoons for the New York Herald Tribune and the afternoon tabloid PM
    1956 July 26 Died at Scheveningen near The Hague, Netherlands

    Scope and Content Note

    The Louis Raemaekers collection, acquired in 1944, contains correspondence, writings, newspaper issues, clippings, photographs, and over 1,000 original drawings, consisting mostly of the bitingly satirical cartoons that made the Dutch artist famous worldwide.
    Raemaekers joined the Amsterdam Telegraaf as a political cartoonist and caricaturist in 1907, but with the outbreak of World War I ceased all other professional activity to dedicate himself to an anti-German campaign through his cartoons. He was charged in the Dutch courts for violating the neutrality of Holland, but his work found an appreciative audience in London where it was exhibited in 1915. During the war he made frequent visits to the French front, charcoal in hand. In 1917, he toured the United States and drew cartoons for various newspapers. The inter-war period found him living in Belgium and campaigning in favor of the League of Nations and against the rising tide of Nazism. He eventually emigrated to the United States and continued his artistic career by drawing cartoons for the New York Herald Tribune and the afternoon tabloid PM
    Among the papers is an extensive correspondence series, which reflects Raemaekers' activism and contacts with many heads of state, ministers, government agencies, relief organizations, and veterans' associations. Also noteworthy are scrapbooks of clippings relating to Raemaekers' life and work. The speeches and writings series is very small, but does contain some interesting letters to the editor and the speech he delivered before the Lord Mayor of London in 1919.
    In 2001, thanks to the generous support of the Mericos Foundation, Raemaekers' artwork was re-housed and preservation treatment provided with the assistance of the staff of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. The drawings can now be safely used for research. The re-housing effort uncovered many titles previously hidden by matting, and those were incorporated into a revised and expanded register.
    Raemaekers' handwriting is often difficult to decipher, so the titles given in the finding aid may not always exactly correspond to those on his artwork. In addition, minor grammar and spelling mistakes were corrected.
    Ariane de Ranitz, who had researched the Raemaekers collection at the Hoover Institution Archives to write her book, Met een pen en een potlood als wapen (with a pen and a pencil as weapons), assisted the Archives staff with Dutch language titles.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Propaganda, Anti-German.
    World politics--20th century--Caricatures and cartoons.
    World War, 1914-1918--Humor, caricatures, etc.
    World War, 1914-1918--Propaganda.
    World War, 1914-1918.