This collection contains materials related to the development of
overland mail service in the United States West (bulk 1850-1887) and is composed of two
parts: the papers of Hiram S. Rumfield (75 pieces), assistant treasurer of the Overland Mail
Company at Salt Lake City, Utah, which contain documents related to Rumfield family matters,
the business affairs of the Overland Mail Company, and Indians in Utah Territory; and the
papers of L.P. Williamson (90 pieces), superintendent of the North Western Overland Mail
Company and president of the Western Mail and Stage Company, which include reports from
stage drivers concerning road conditions.
The Butterfield Overland Mail Company, organized in 1857, carried mail between St. Louis,
Missouri, and San Francisco, California, until the outbreak of the Civil War forced it to
move north to the central overland route. It was known as the Central Overland and Pike's
Peak Express Company until it was reorganized and General Bela M. Hughes was elected
president of the Overland Mail Company in 1861.
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responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining
necessary permissions rests with the researcher.
Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department.
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