Richard Clough Anderson Papers: Finding Aid

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Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
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San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
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Overview of the Collection

Title: Richard Clough Anderson Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1781-1892
Collection Number: mssAND 1-1874
Creator: Anderson, Richard Clough, 1788-1826
Extent: 1865 pieces in 25 boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Language: English.


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Administrative Information

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Richard Clough Anderson Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


Purchased from Zeitlin and Ver Brugge in 1976.

Biographical Note

American statesman and diplomat Richard Clough Anderson Jr. (1788-1826), was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826), a Virginia Revolutionary officer, and Elizabeth Clark, sister of George Roger Clark. After studying law under St. George Tucker, he opened a practice in Louisville. He held a seat in the state House of Representatives from 1812 to 1816, and again from 1821 to 1823, when he chaired the Committee on Public lands. From 1817 to 1821, he served in the U.S. Congress, where he distinguished himself as an advocate of Latin-American independence. President Monroe appointed him minister plenipotentiary to La Gran Colombia in 1823, a post he held until his untimely death caused by a fever he contracted while serving as a minister.
Anderson was married to Elizabeth Gwathmey (Betsy) who was the daughter of Owen and Ann Clark Gwathmey. She died in Bogota in 1825. They had five children: Arthur? - c.1826; Louis? - 1822; Elizabeth 1811 - 1814; Elizabeth 1815 - 1864; Ann 1823 - 1843.
Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. (1788-1826), a son of Elizabeth and Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826), graduated from William and Mary, became a representative in the Kentucky legislature from 1815 to 1817, a member of Congress from 1817 to 1821, speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1822, and from 1823 to 1826 minister to Colombia, where he negotiated the first treaty between the United States and a South American country. He died of yellow fever to Cartagena en route to the Congress of Panama of 1826.

Scope and Content

Correspondence of the various members of the Anderson family, particularly Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. and his wife Elizabeth, as well as Richard Clough Anderson, Sr. and his sons Charles, Robert (1805-1871) (of Ft. Sumter fame), and Larz (1803-1878), a capitalist and a prominent citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio. Also included correspondence of the Clark and Gwathmey families.
Subject matter includes real estate transactions, legislation, and land speculation in Kentucky; Louisville and Kentucky politics; Ohio politics and government, especially during the Civil War; relations between Colombia and the U.S.; antislavery sentiment; the Civil War Correspondents include Richards Clough Anderson, Sr., Robert Anderson, Charles Anderson, Larz Anderson, John Jordan Crittenden and John Sherman
Correspondents include:
  • Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826) - 59pieces
  • Richard Clough Anderson Jr. (1788-1826) -63 pieces
  • Robert Anderson -26 pieces
  • Charles Anderson -85 pieces
  • Larz Anderson -56 pieces
  • John Jordan Crittenden -16 pieces
  • John Sherman - 10 pieces

Related materials in the Huntington Library


Arranged in chronological order followed by miscellaneous documents and ephemera.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  


Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871
Anderson, Larz, 1803-1878 -- Correspondence
Anderson family -- Archives
Sherman, John, 1772-1828 -- Correspondence
Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 -- Correspondence
Real property -- Kentucky
Antislavery movements -- United States
Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1861-1865
Kentucky -- Politics and government -- 19th century
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
United States -- Foreign relations -- Colombia
Colombia -- Foreign relations -- United States


Family papers United States 20th century.
Letters (correspondence) United States 20th century.


Anderson, Richard C. (Richard Clough), 1750-1826
Anderson, Robert 1805-1871
Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863
Sherman, John, 1772-1828

Collection Contents

Box 1


Box 2

1801 January-1812 May

Box 3

1812 June-1813

Box 4

1814-1815 March

Box 5

1815 April-December

Box 6


Box 7

1817-1818 August

Box 8

1818 September-December

Box 9


Box 10


Box 11


Box 12

1823 January-May

Box 13

1823 June-December

Box 14

1824 January-May

Box 15

1824 June-December

Box 16

1825 January-September

Box 17

1825 October-1830

Box 18


Box 19


Box 20


Box 21

1865 January-October

Box 22

1865 November-1866

Box 23

1867-1876 September

Box 24

1876 October-1893 November

Box 25

Miscellaneous documents and ephemera

Includes invitations; newspaper clippings, ephemera, and printed items; miscellaneous legal briefs and notices; autographs and fragments of envelopes addressed to Richard Clough Anderson; incomplete letters and fragments; miscellaneous bills and receipts; the July 8, 1814, land settlement of the estate of John Clark, Louisville, Kentucky; and the January 4, 1800, issue of the Ulster County Gazette (Kingston, New York).