Inventory of the Marie Adams papers

Finding aid prepared by Samira Bozorgi
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2011


Title: Marie Adams papers
Date (inclusive): 1887-1950
Collection Number: 78076
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (3.8 linear feet)
Abstract: The collection includes materials relating to Santo Tomás Internment Camp and the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, in the form of correspondence, propaganda leaflets, printed matter, and memorabilia.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Adams, Marie, 1891-1976

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Marie Adams papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1978.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Materials

Life without Lipstick by Marie Adams, Hoover Institution Library
Myrene Cassel papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Roger Mansell collection, Hoover Institution Archives
Ann Miller Depew papers, Hoover Institution Archives
William Henry Hastings papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Santo Tomás Internment Camp (Manila, Philippines) Internee Executive Committee issuances, Hoover Institution Archives
Santo Tomás Internment Camp, January 4, 1942-September 27, 1943: typescript, Hoover Institution Archives
Katherine Ream Sobeck papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1891 Born, Aberdeen, Washington
1936-1941 Executive Secretary of Milwaukee-Downer College, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
1941 Arrives in Manila, Philippines, to work as Field Director of Hospital Services for the American Red Cross
1942-1945 Interned, Santo Tomás Internment Camp (STIC), Philippines
1945 Author, Life Without Lipstick
June 1945 Submits report to the U.S. Office of the Surgeon General on living conditions at STIC following the takeover by the Japanese military authority in 1944
circa 1945 Awarded Bronze Star Medal for service with sick and wounded while interned at STIC
1976 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

Having been sent to the Philippines by the American Red Cross in 1941 to work as Field Director for Hospital Services in Manila, Marie Adams found herself among the thousands of American and Allied civilians to be held as prisoners of war at Santo Tomás Internment Camp (STIC). As one of the head nurses at STIC, Adams witnessed first-hand the physical and psychological toll of internment, with circumstances worsening in 1944 after the Japanese military assumed control of operations. The collection is primarily comprised of materials from Adams' time as a prisoner of war and immediately following her release.
Of particular note in the Philippines file is a set of meal tickets and a log of daily meals served at STIC from 1944 to 1945. These materials supplement newsletters and announcements distributed at STIC around this period, providing insight into daily life at the camp. In addition, the series includes printed matter about the Philippine front of World War II, in the form of newspapers, clippings, reports, and studies on the destruction of Manila and the liberation of prisoners of war.
In her time at STIC, Adams wrote a number of poems reflecting on life in the camp, hunger, sickness, and the hope of liberation. These poems were self-published under the title Life Without Lipstick and distributed to friends and family as Christmas presents in 1945. Letters written in response to this book are included in the Letters received series along with letters received by Adams at STIC and congratulatory letters received upon her return home, written by family, close friends, and colleagues from different chapters of the American Red Cross.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 3 series: Philippines file, Letters received, and Memorabilia

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Philippines--History--Japanese occupation, 1942-1945.
Prisoners of war.
Santo Tomas Interment Camp (Manila, Philippines).
World War, 1939-1945--Philippines.
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons.

 

Philippines file 1942-1950

Scope and Contents note

Includes materials collected from STIC, Japanese and American propaganda materials, and clippings, maps, reports, and studies pertaining to the Philippine front of WWII and the liberation of American prisoners of war.

Arrangement note

Arranged by physical format, then chronologically.
 

Santo Tomás Internment Camp (STIC) materials 1942-1945

Box 1, Folder 1-2

Internal newsletters and publications 1942-1944

Scope and Contents note

Includes issues of STIC Gazette, Internitis, Cavalier, and The Liberator
Box 1, Folder 3

Meal tickets of Otto Joseph Tuschka 1942-1944

Box 1, Folder 4

Notice issued by Japanese commandant 1943 January

Box 1, Folder 5

Summary of camp activities and resources 1943

Box 1, Folder 6

Daily log of meals served 1944-1945

Scope and Contents note

Probably written by Otto or Yetta Tuschka
Box 1, Folder 7

Poems circa 1944

 

Clippings 1942-1949

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings from Liberty, Life, Readers Digest, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco Examiner, Saturday Evening Post, and Woman's Home Companion, relating to the liberation of Manila and returning American soldiers and civilians.
Box 5, Folder 1

1942

Box 5, Folder 2

1943

Box 5, Folder 3

1945

Box 5, Folder 4

1946

Box 5, Folder 5

1949

Box 5, Folder 6

Map of Manila 1942

 

Newspapers 1942-1945

Box 5, Folder 7

The Tribune 1942 April - 1943 January

Scope and Contents note

Japanese propaganda newspaper
Box 5, Folder 8

Free Philippines 1945 February-March

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper of the U.S. Army published after the liberation of Santo Tomás
Box 1, Folder 8

Program flyer for "Dr. Jay's Medicine Show," Los Baños 1943 June

Box 1, Folder 9

Propaganda flyers, Japanese and American circa 1942

Box 1, Folder 10

Propaganda magazine, Shin Seiki, Bagong Araw, New Era, Manila: Philippine Publications 1942

Scope and Contents note

In English and Tagalog
 

Reports, studies, and other publications 1944-1950

Box 1, Folder 11

"Historical Background of International Agreements Relating to Prisoners of War," American National Red Cross 1944

Box 1, Folder 12

Geographical study of Manila issued by U.S. commanders in the Pacific 1944

Scope and Contents note

Includes printed aerial photographs
Box 1, Folder 13

"Report on the Destruction of Manila and Japanese Atrocities," Office of Resident Commissioner of the Philippines to the U.S. 1945

Box 1, Folder 14

The End of the War in the Pacific: Surrender Documents in Facsimile, Washington: United States Government Printing Office 1945

Box 1, Folder 15

War Claims Commission review and directory of paid POWs 1950

 

Letters received 1921-1946

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters received by Adams from financial institutions, friends, and family.

Arrangement note

Grouped by topic or event, then chronologically.
Box 1, Folder 16-18

Letters received from banks, insurance companies, and other financial institutions 1921-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes related statements and receipts
Box 1, Folder 19

Letters of recommendation for employment with American Red Cross 1937-1941

 

Letters received at Santo Tomás 1941-1944

Scope and Contents note

Some letters are postmarked 1943; however, were not actually received by Adams until 1944. Folder titles reflect the date received, as indicated by the creator.
Box 2, Folder 1-3

1941-1943

 

1944

Box 2, Folder 4-5

March-April

Box 2, Folder 6

June

Box 2, Folder 7-8

August-September

Box 2, Folder 9

November-December

Box 2, Folder 10-11

Christmas cards 1945

Box 2, Folder 12

Other greeting cards 1945

 

Letters received upon liberation 1945-1946

Box 2, Folder 13

Undated

 

1945

Box 2, Folder 14

January

Box 2, Folder 15

February

Box 3, Folder 1-2

February (continued)

Box 3, Folder 3-5

March

Box 3, Folder 6

April

Box 3, Folder 7

May

Box 3, Folder 8

June-July

Box 3, Folder 9

August-September

Box 3, Folder 10

October

Box 3, Folder 11

November-December

Box 3, Folder 12

1946 January-October

 

Letters received regarding Life Without Lipstick 1945-1946

Box 4, Folder 1

Undated

 

1945

Box 4, Folder 2

March

Box 4, Folder 3-4

September-December

 

1946

Box 4, Folder 5-8

January

Box 5, Folder 9

February

Box 5, Folder 10

March-June

 

Memorabilia 1887-1940s

Scope and Contents note

Philippine identity papers with metal containers, Japanese Red Cross flag, and wooden sandals.

Arrangement note

Arranged chronologically.
Box 6

Philippine identity papers and metal containers 1887-1898

Box 6

Wooden sandals 1940s

Scope and Contents note

Hand-carved sandals with rubber straps, probably worn by an internee at Santo Tomás
Box 6

Description of Japanese Red Cross flag 1940s

Box 7

Silk Japanese Red Cross flag probably 1940s

Scope and Contents note

Includes photocopy of description from Box 6.