Register of the Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records

Finding aid prepared by Justyna K. Szulc
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2009, 2015

Title: Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records
Date: 1936-1946
Collection Number: 95046
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Polish
Physical Description: 1 half-manuscript box (0.2 linear feet)
Abstract: The collection is comprised of newsletters, memoranda, letters, leaflets, and flyers relating to Polish opposition to Soviet and communist forces at the end of World War II.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Wolnosc i Niezawislosc (Organization)


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1995.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Historical note

Wolność i Niezawisłość (WiN) (Freedom and Independence), an underground anti-communist organization, was established on September 2, 1945, in Warsaw, Poland. Its main goal was to fight communism and the Sovietification of Poland through political channels, with minimal military action. However, hostility between WiN and communist organizations, such as the Polish Ministry of Public Security, the Polish Worker’s Party, and the NKVD, often led to provocation, resulting in violence. Realizing that victory through violence was impossible, members of WiN instead chose to focus on fighting the communists through anti-communist propaganda and by providing assistance to all those who opposed the communist government.
By 1952, WiN ceased to exist, mainly due to the efforts of the Ministry of Public Security and its leader, Jakub Berman, who assassinated a number of the organization’s prominent members.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection is comprised of letters, printed matter, reports, personal orders, notices, and orders of promotion, as well as a file regarding Akcja “O” (Operation “O”).

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Anti-communist movements--Poland.
Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements.

Box/Folder : 1 : 1

Akcja "O" (Operation "O"), 1946

Scope and Contents

Akcja “O” was a large WiN anti-communist operation conducted through the use of various types of propaganda. Its main purpose was to weaken communist organizations, such as the Ministry of Public Security and the Polish Worker’s Party. The operation was also meant to inform the Polish people of the transgressions and injustices committed against them by the communist groups.
Box/Folder : 1 : 2

Donosy (Accusations), circa 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 3

Biuletyny (Newsletters), 1944-1945

Box/Folder : 1 : 4

Karty rozpoznawcze (Identification cards), 1942

Box/Folder : 1 : 5

List na otoczenie (Circular), undated

Box/Folder : 1 : 6

List na upatrzonego (Letter to the target), 1944

Box/Folder : 1 : 7

Listy członków (List of members), 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 8

Lusia, 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 9

Mapy (Maps), circa 1936-1940

Box/Folder : 1 : 10

Polska Partia Robotnicza (Polish Workers Party), circa 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 12

Powiatowy Urząd Ziemski (District Land Office), 1944-1945

Box/Folder : 1 : 12

Przepustki (Passes), 1944-1945

Box/Folder : 1 : 13

Publikacje (Publications), 1939-1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 14

Raporty (Reports), 1945-1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 15

Robak, Michał, 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 16

Rozkazy personalne (Personal orders), 1945

Box/Folder : 1 : 17

Rozliczenia (Settelments), 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 18

Szyfr (Cipher), circa 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 19

Według rozdzielnika (According to a dilimiter), circa 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 20

Wiersze (Poems), circa 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 21

Wnioski - odznaczenia i awanse (Decorations and promotions), 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 22

Zawiadomienia (Notices), 1946

Box/Folder : 1 : 23

Fotografie (Photographs), undated

Box/Folder : 1 : 24

Różne (Miscellaneous), undated