Register of the Thomas St. John Gaffney papers

Finding aid prepared by Samira Bozorgi
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2012


Title: Thomas St. John Gaffney papers
Date (inclusive): 1887-1941
Collection Number: XX227
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (3.0 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, and printed matter, relating to international relations, the World War I war guilt question, reparations, Irish independence, American domestic politics and foreign policy, and Jews. Includes correspondence with Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile, Baron Hermann Speck von Sternberg (German ambassador to the United States), and Jules Cambon (French ambassador to Germany). Also available on microfilm (5 reels).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Gaffney, Thomas St. John, 1864-1945

Access

Microfilm use only; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Thomas St. John Gaffney papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1942.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternate Forms Available

Available on microfilm (5 reels).

Related Materials

Sir Roger Casement papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1864 Born, Limerick, Ireland
1882 Came to the United States
1889 Admitted to the New York Bar
1897 President, Patriotic League of America
Circa 1900 Co-author with Joseph Smith, American in the Orient: The United States, Russia, and France and the Anglo-Japanese Treaty
1902 Named Chevalier of the Legion of Honor by French President émile Loubet
1905 Conferred by King Leopold of Belgium with the officer's cross of the order of Leopold II
1905-1913 Consul General for Dresden, appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt
1913-1915 Consul General for Munich, appointed by President Woodrow Wilson
1915 November Forced to resign after making partisan statements in support of Germany
1930 Author, Breaking the Silence: England, Ireland, Wilson and the War
1945 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains materials largely pertaining to the war guilt question after WWI, reparations, Irish independence, American domestic politics and foreign policy, Jews, and the activities of Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile. After his forced resignation in 1915, Gaffney returned to Germany a number of times and continued his interactions with German officials and other diplomats. Although Gaffney's relationship with Sir Roger Casement was one of the motivating factors for his resignation, the collection contains little on the Irish nationalist.
Gaffney's Correspondence provides the most information into the breadth of his political interests and activities from before his appointment as consul general to after the publication of his memoir Breaking the Silence. Of particular note in this series is a letter to Herbert Hoover in 1929 regarding war guilt and reparations, punctuated with a handwritten note by Kaiser Wilhelm II.
The Scrapbooks series contains correspondence, clippings, and photographs compiled by Gaffney documenting his relationship with Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile in Doorn. Loose items filed within the scrapbook pages were left in place.
The biographical materials in the Clippings and Collected materials series are comprised of articles by and about Gaffney printed in American and German newspapers. Among the collected materials filed by subject in this series are German propaganda flyers from WWI published by the Fichte-Bunde and distributed in the United States.
Gaffney's Speeches and Writings focus mostly on his interpretations of the War Guilt Clause in the Treaty of Versailles and its implications on Germany and German-Americans. The researcher should be aware that some writings are under the pen name Arthur Fleming. Additional writings are filed by subject in the Clippings and Collected materials series.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 4 series: Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Clippings and Collected materials, and Scrapbooks

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Cambon, Jules Martin, 1845-1935.
Sternburg, Hermann Speck von, Freiherr, 1852-1908.
William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941.
Diplomats--United States.
Germany--Foreign relations--United States.
Great Britain--Foreign relations.
Ireland--History--20th century.
Jews.
United States--Foreign relations--Germany.
World War, 1914-1918--Reparations.

 

Microfilm Reel Content Guide

 

Correspondence 1887-1941

Scope and Contents note

Consists of letters, invitations, and enclosures. Arranged alphabetically by last name.
Reel 1

General 1890-1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 1
 

Unidentified 1903-1934

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 2
 

Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von 1917

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 3
 

Barnes, Harry Elmer 1924-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 4. Includes enclosed correspondence regarding William Dodd.
 

Belgian Legation 1902

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 5
 

Bigelow, Poultney 1930

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 6
 

Boehm-Tettelbach, Hans W. 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 7
 

Borah, William E. 1928

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 8
 

Bothmer, Felix von Reichsgraf 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 9
 

Cambon, Jules 1900-1903

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 9. See also Scrapbooks.
 

Carter, Boake 1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 11
 

Carter, Frederic 1887

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 12
 

Chamberlain, Neville 1938

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 13
 

Cohalan, Daniel F. 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 14
 

Copeland, Royal S. 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 15
 

Dieckhoff, Hans Heinrich 1938

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 16
 

Draeger, Phil H.C. Hans 1931-1936

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 17
 

Emerson, Edwin 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 18
 

Epp, Franz Ritter von 1935-1936

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 19
 

Fein, Claus 1936

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 20
 

Frick, Wilhelm 1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 21
 

Gerard, James Watson 1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 22
 

Gibbons, James, Cardinal 1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 23
 

Hitler, Adolf 1931-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 24. Includes responses from secretary of Wilhelm Bruckner.
 

Hoover, Herbert 1928-1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 25
 

Jagow, Kurt 1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 26
 

Kasenkamp, Georg 1932

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 27
 

Kiep, Otto Carl 1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 28
 

Lössl, Edler von and Sigmund Ritter, 1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 29
 

McDonald, J. Ramsey 1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 30
 

Papen, Franz von 1932

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 31
 

Reichenau, Walther von 1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 32
 

Rochambeau, René? de, 1902

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 33
 

Roddie, Stewart undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 34
 

Rudi 1897-1898

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 35
 

Russell, Charles 1903

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 36
 

Russian Imperial embassy, Washington 1902

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 37
 

St. Clair, C.M. 1934-1935

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 38
 

Soden, G. 1925-1927

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 39
 

South African Republic embassy, Brussels 1900

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 40
 

Schnee, M. 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 41
 

Sell, Ulrich von 1933, 1938

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 42. See also Scrapbooks--Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile.
 

Shipstead, Henrik 1928-1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 43
 

Sternburg, Hermann Speck von 1902-1908

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 44
 

Stoddard, John L. 1915-1917

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 45
 

Sullivan, Mark 1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 46
 

Wegerer, Alfred von 1934

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 47
 

William II 1929-1941

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 48
 

Letters of gratitude for helping English and Americans in Munich 1915-1916

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 49
 

Miscellaneous invitations 1891-1928

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 50
 

Speeches and Writings 1900-1933, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of typescript and handwritten drafts of writings, and some printed copies

Arrangement note

Arranged chronologically
 

Untitled writings on misrepresentation of Germany in the foreign press, Vatican and Dresden Courts, Irish and Italian immigrants in the United States, and Kaiser Wilhelm II undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 51
 

"American Intervention in Russia in 1918: The Lytton Report" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 52
 

"An Appeal to the Conscience of America, handwritten and typescript drafts undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 53-54
 

"End of the Fantastic Reparation Claims of the Allies" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 55
 

"England's Guilt and England's Hypocrisy: An American Verdict" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 56
 

"The League of Nations and the Reconciliation of the Peoples," draft undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 57
 

Letter to the editor, The Herald Tribune, handwritten draft undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 58
 

Letter to the editor, The New York Sun undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 59
 

"New York in Danger of Jewish Domination" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 60
 

"Notes and comments" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 1 : 61
Reel 2

"The Origin of the Guilt Clause of the Versailles Treaty the Responsibility of Secretary of State Lansing and James Brown Scott" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 1
 

"Wilsonism Dominant in Chicago" undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 2
 

"The Alleged European Coalition, Against the United States During the Spanish-American War," printed copy 1900

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 3
 

"The Anglo-Japanese Treaty: A Last Work on Pauncefote--His American Champions Utterly Routed--British Duplicity During the Spanish War," printed copy 1900

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 4
 

Letter to the editor, New York World 1915 August 24

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 5
 

Reports from Munich as consul general 1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 6
 

"The Alleged Potsdam War Crown Council of July 5, 1914, Sweeping Repudiation of the Myth By the Kaiser" after 1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 7
 

"Morgenthau's Potsdam War Council Exposed as a Fake in the 'Suddeutsche Monatshefte'" circa 1918

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 8
 

"'Terrorism' in Our Own Ranks, Instances of Unexampled Brutality Practiced on American Doughboys During and After the War by Martinets Who Criticize Conditions in German Labor Camps," Deutsche Zeitung after 1919

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 9
 

"The German Americans During the World War," speech at the Concord Society of America 1926 November 28

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 10
 

Letter to the editor, The Commonweal 1928 August 6

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 11
 

Letter to the editor, Herald Tribune, "Reparations and the War Guilt Problem" 1929 April 26

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 12
 

"The Kaiser Repudiates the Potsdam Conference 'Legend,'" Current History 1930 February

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 13
 

"War Guilt Commission," Current History 1930 March

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 14
 

Letter to the editor, North American Review 1932 August 1

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 15
 

"Immigration and the Crime Wave," The Commonweal 1932 September 28

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 16
 

Writings published in American Monthly 1932-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 17
 

"The Siberian Adventure of Woodrow Wilson, More About the Red Cross," American Monthly 1933 January

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 18
 

Letter to the editor, Evening Post 1933 April 8

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 19
 

"An Open Letter," Observer's Post 1933 May 1

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 20
 

Letter to the editor, The Herald Tribune 1933 June 4

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 21
 

Quotations and notes undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 22
 

Clippings and Collected Materials 1897-1940

Scope and Contents note

Consists of clippings from newspapers and journals, writings, and correspondence

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by subject
 

Africa 1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 23
 

Atrocities and war conduct 1917-1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 24-25
 

Belgium 1928

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 26
 

Biographical

 

Undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 27
 

1897-1905

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 28
 

1911-1915

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 29
 

1916-1919

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 30
 

1920-1924

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 31
 

1925-1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 32
 

1930-1932

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 33
 

1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 34
 

1934-1936

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 35
 

1939

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 36
 

Barnes, Harry Elmer 1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 37
 

Canada 1918, undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 38
 

Church 1915-1936

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 39
 

England 1914-1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 2 : 40-41
Reel 3

France 1917-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 1-2
 

German-Americans 1934

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 3
 

German propaganda 1925-1926, undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 4-5
 

Germany 1914-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 6
 

Hitler, Adolf 1933-1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 7
 

Ireland undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 8
 

"Jewish question" 1931-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 9-10
 

League of Nations 1919-1930

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 11
 

Lloyd George, David undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 12
 

Neutrality 1918

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 13
 

Poems undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 14
 

"Propaganda and lies" 1914-1925

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 15
 

Reparations undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 16
 

Russia 1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 17
 

Shipstead, Henrik 1928-1929

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 18
 

Treaties

 

General 1918-1927

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 19
 

Revision 1930-1933

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 20
 

Versailles 1921-1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 21
 

United States and war 1918-1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 22
 

War guilt 1926-1931

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 23-24
 

Wile, Frederic William 1928

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 25
 

Wilson, Woodrow 1916-1932

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 26
 

Miscellany 1914, undated

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 3 : 27
 

Scrapbooks 1893-1940

Scope and Contents note

Contains clippings, correspondence, invitations, menus, postcards, and photographs. Arranged by topic or form.
Reel 4

Correspondence and invitations (2 scrapbooks) 1893-1902

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 4 : 1-4
 

Personal and biographical clippings 1899-1905

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 4 : 5
 

Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile (A) 1927-1939

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 4 : 6-7
Reel 5

Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile (B) 1927-1937

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 5 : 1-3
 

Breaking the Silence reviews and related correspondence 1931-1940

Scope and Contents note

Box/Folder 5 : 4-5