Register of the Charles Julian Wheeler papers

Finding aid prepared by Max Siekierski
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2016, 2018
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
hoover-library-archives@stanford.edu


Title: Charles Julian Wheeler papers
Date (inclusive): 1912-1986
Collection Number: 77061
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3 manuscript boxes, 11 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (17.9 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, certificates, clippings, photographs, and memorabilia relating to American naval operations in World War I, in Turkey and China in the 1920s, and in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Includes sound recordings and transcript of interview conducted by Etta Belle Kitchen.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Access

Boxes 13-14 restricted; use copies available in Box 1. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1977.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Charles Julian Wheeler papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Biographical Note

Rear admiral, United States Navy; senior liaison officer, British Pacific Fleet, 1944-1945.

Biographical Sketch

July 27, 1895 Born
July 1916 Graduated from U.S. Naval Academy
1917-1918 Served in World War I aboard USS Benham, based at Queenstown, Ireland and Brest, France.
1919-1921 Served in China aboard USS Huron and USS Palos (upper Yangtze River Gunboat).
1921-1924 Served as Flag Lieutenant on Staff of U.S. High Commissioner to Turkey in Constantinople.
1925-1926 Served aboard USS Nevada during cruise to Australia.
1927-1929 Served on staff of Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Asiatic Fleet on China Station.
1929 Married Doanda Risley Putman, duaghter of American Consul in Amoy, in June.
1929-1931 Navy Department, Washington D.C.
1931-1934 Commanded USS Waters (destroyer) in U.S. Fleet.
1934-1936 Served as officer-in-charge U.S. Naval Shore Radio Stations, under Director of Naval Communications, Navy Department.
1936-1937 Served as First Lieutenant and Damage Control Officer aboard USS West Virginia.
1937-1938 Served as Flag Secretary to Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet.
1938-1939 Completed Naval War College Course and served on Staff of U.S. Naval War college.
1940-1941 Served as Executive Officer aboard USS Astoria.
1941-1942 Established and served as First Commanding Officer, Naval Reserve Officers Training Corp, Holy Cross College.
1943-1944 Commissioned and commanded new light cruiser, USS Mobile in 27 operations in the Central Pacific Area, ending with the occupation of the Mariana Islands.
1944-1945 Served as the Senior U.S. Naval Liason Officer on the Staff of the Commander-in-Chief, British Pacific Fleet, and representative of Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
September 2, 1945 Witnessed surrender of Japanese on board USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
1946-1948 Served as the American head of the Brazilian Naval War college in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
April 1, 1948 Retired from active duty and became Director of Personnel at State Mutual Life Insurance Co. of Worcester, Massachusetts.
June 12, 1981 Died. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence, writings, certificates, clippings, photographs, and memorabilia relating to American naval operations in World War I, in Turkey and China in the 1920s, and in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Includes sound recordings and transcript of interview conducted by Etta Belle Kitchen.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

World War, 1939-1945 -- Naval operations
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean
Officers
World War, 1914-1918 -- Naval operations
United States -- Armed Forces -- China
United States -- Armed Forces -- Turkey
United States. Navy
Nimitz, Chester W. (Chester William), 1885-1966

 

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE 1895-1952

box 1, folder 1

Naval career summary and recommendations

 

CORRESPONDENCE 1913-1975

box 1, folder 2-5

Naval career 1913-1975

box 1, folder 6

Correspondence with future wife, Ms. Putnam, while in Shanghai and at sea. 1929

box 1, folder 7

Naval War college, Rio de Janiero, Brazil 1946-1948

 

WRITINGS 1970

box 2, folder 1-3

The Reminiscences of Rear Admiral Charles J. Wheeler, U.S. Navy, Retired

 

CLIPPINGS 1941-1965

box 1, folder 8

Allied naval actions in the Pacific, World War II 1941-1965

 

MISCELLANEUS 1918-1967

box 1, folder 9

U.S. naval involvement in Turkey

box 1, folder 10

Nametag from July 4, 1964 event and undated notes

 

INCREMENT 1923

box 1, folder 11

Photograghs of burning waterfront in Constantinople and Admiral Bristol's staff in U.S. embassy garden in Constaninople 1923

 

TEXTILES undated

box 1, folder 12

Traditional Turkish military garments (use copy)

Access

Originals located in Box 14 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 12.
 

AUDIO June-August 1969

box 3

Biographical interview by Etta-Belle Kitchen

 

ALBUMS 1921-1970

 

"My Cruise in the Eastern Mediterranean": Travel photos from Rhodes, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Greece; "My Trip to the interior of Anatolia, Rhodes, and Patmos" October-November 1923

box 4

Pages 1-82

box 5

Pages 83-114

box 5

"The Mighty Mo": Photographs of the USS Mobile circa 1942

box 6

"My Journey from China to Constantinople": Travel photos from Arabia, Jerusalem, Holy Land, Egypt, Greece, Turkey November 1921

box 7

Guest Book: United States Ship Mobile 1943-1970

box 7

"US Navy War Photographs - Pearl Harbor to Tokyo Harbor": A collection of official US Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Photographs from World War II

 

FRAMED ITEMS 1923-1945

Scope and Contents note

Items have been removed from their frames for preservation purposes.
box 8, folder 1

Signed photograph: Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser, British Pacific Fleet, Later Lord Fraser of North Cape undated

box 8, folder 1

Portrait of Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, Commander Amphibious Force US Pacific Fleet - Handwritten note 1944-1945

box 8, folder 2

Signing of the Instruement of Surrender on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay (Signed by Adm. Nimitz) September 2, 1945

box 8, folder 3

A fancy dress party, Constantinople - Mrs. T.C. Kinkaid, Commander Kinkaid, prominent Greek Matron, Lieutenant C.J. Wheeler, Mr. Crane (Manager Standard Oil Co.) 1923

box 8, folder 3

Chiang Kai-Shek and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, Shanghai 1928

box 8, folder 3

Portrait of Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander, Southeast Asia Command - Handwritten note undated

box 8, folder 4

Portrait of Admiral William Halsey - Handwritten Note undated

box 8, folder 4

Portrait of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz - Handwritten note undated

box 8, folder 5

Portrait of Ekrem Bey, Aide to Caliph, Turkey undated

box 8, folder 5

Portrait of General Mombelli, Commander Italian Forces of Occupation, Constantinople 1919-1923

box 8, folder 6

Portrait of Piraye Mahmoud, Constantinople May 1923

box 8, folder 6

The American Delegation to the Lausanne Peace Conference: Lt. C.J. Wheeler, Mr. Heck, Mr. Armory, Mr. Gillespie, Mr. Belin, Admiral Mark L. Bristol, Mr. Richard W. Childs, Mr. Grew 1922-1923

box 8, folder 7

Portrait of General Harington, Commander British and Allied Forces of occupation, Constantinople 1919-1923

box 8, folder 7

Portrait of His Royal Highness Prince Fuad, 5th in line of succession to the Sultanate of Turkey 1922

box 8, folder 7

Portrait of Her Royal Highness Princess Fuad of Egypt 1923

box 8, folder 8

Miss Paola Mombelli, Later Countess P'angooy (in fancy dress costume), Constantinople 1923

box 8, folder 8

Military honor - Bronze Star 1943-1944

box 8, folder 8

Military Honor - Legion of Merit 1944

box 8, folder 8

Military honor - Commendation 1944-1945

box 9

Souvenir Copy of the Instrument of Surrender of the Japanese Emperor and Government at Tokyo Bay - Handwritten note from Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner September 1945

 

SCRAPBOOKS

box 10

US Asiatic Fleet: Contains newspaper clippings, menus, invitations, programs, pamphlets, correspondence, misc. 1927-1929

 

Untitled: Contains newspaper clippings, photographs, flyers, programs, notes, letters, misc. items from time with Navy.

box 11

Pages 1-58

box 12

Pages 59-98 and cover

 

MEMORABILIA undated

box 1, folder 13

Metal hair combs (use copies only)

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
box 1, folder 13

Commemorative coin featuring Sun Yat Sen (use copies only) March 1929

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
box 1, folder 13

Japanese Navy sash (use copies only)

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
box 1, folder 13

Plaque of unknown origin (use copies only)

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
box 1, folder 13

Metal chained cartouches (use copies only)

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
box 1, folder 13

Belt (use copies only)

Access

Originals located in Box 13 restricted; use copies available in Box/Folder 1 : 13.
map_case case

Japanese headband with signatures of American soldiers